Electromagnetic

Design of PM
Synchronous
Generator for a
20kW Ultra-Low
Head Hydro turbine
Diogo Gonçalves Oliveira
Typical PM Fractional-Slot
Machine

INTRODUCTION

• GOAL: Find the best AC winding design
using optimization techniques (Genetic
Algorithm)
• Development of a software capable to find
the best winding design to a given number
of slots, poles and phases, generator
dimensions and material parameters.


• What is the best AC winding design?
Multi-objective Optimization Problem

1.Air Gap MMF Fundamental
2.Rotor Losses (vs Sum of Air Gap MMF
Harmonics)
3.Balanced Conditions
THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
SUM MMF HARMONICS vs
ROTOR AND IRON LOSSES


• Losses don´t describe correctly the
machine operation
• The same ammount of mmf harmonic
content may have different losses
• The losses give a clearer view about
machine operation and costs
WINDING HARMONIC
ANALYSIS
WINDING HARMONIC
ANALYSIS
WINDING HARMONIC
ANALYSIS
ROTOR LOSSES
ROTOR LOSSES
ROTOR LOSSES
ROTOR LOSSES
ROTOR LOSSES
GENETIC ALGORITHM

• Randomly generated population with individuals with specific
genome length;
• Calculate the fitness of each individual of the population and
rate him with a “fitness value”;
• Selection of the individuals with the best “fitness values”, the
parents’;
• With a certain probability (established), a part of the new
generation is created from the parents using the crossover
operation and the other part using mutation;
• Replace the current generation with the new one;
• Repeat from step 2 until the stopping criteria are achieved
PROGRAM
FUTURE WORK

• GOAL: Use the software to produce a
better solution than the GL-PMG-20K

• Study the possibility of making a more
efficient and/or chaper generator?
• Cheapest solution for a project in Tejo
River

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