CELL-PCH Feature

Guild in 3G Network

2013-8-8

Issue

1.00

Date

2011-10-27

HUAWEI Confidential

Implementation

Page i, Total 19

Total 19 .CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal About This Document Author Prepared by Jiapengyu Reviewed by Date 2011-10-22 Date Reviewed by Approved by Date Summary This document includes the Cell PCH feature launching guild and issue handling. 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 2.

........................3.............................................. CELL-PCH working algraithm.....................4 1..................................................10 4................................................1......... RNC Call Drop Rate Degradation.........................................2....................................................... Test case.....................................................................................................11 4......................... Data Configuration of CELL_PCH.............. Relocation Preparation Success Rate Decreased................. KPI Impact and Degradation........................ RNC HSDPA D2H Incereased When RNC is R12SPC5xx........1......................................................................1..................................................................................2..........................................................................2........................................................2..........1.....4 2.......................................................................................................1................................................................................................................................4.................................10 3....................... RNC Configuration.............................................4 1..15 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 3.................................2.................. CELL-PCH Fefination.........................2.....................CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal Content Author...................................................1............................................................ KPI Formula Change after CELL-PCH Implementation..............1.................... Cell-PCH Feature Introduction......1.................. Introduction of Cell-PCH..... Reserved Parameter Configuration....................11 4..........................14 4............... Total 19 .......................................................................................................2 1... KPI Impact after CELL_PCH Enabled......4 1................................1......................................................13 4..2 Summary........7 2....................................... Feature Testing and Verification.........6 2...............................................................11 4............ CELL Configuration......3......................................................6 2................................1....................................................................9 3...............................................................................2............................................ Benefit of Cell _PCH feature in current 3G network...................................................................... PS Idle Mode Paging Degradation........4 1..............................12 4............................................................................

UE will send “Heart Beat” message to inform the AP server that the application is still on. CELL-PCH Fefination In 3GPP.2. When the application is in use. CELL_PCH. there are four RRC connected states for UE including URA_PCH. If there are downlink packets for the terminal.1.1. To solve this risk. Below is basic information of CEL-PCH: CELL_PCH (Paging Channel). the terminal will be paged. but the terminal will have to enter either the CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH state to send or receive. Introduction of Cell-PCH 1. 3G RAN part can enable Cell-PCH to reduce the signaling load and meanwhile. This is an optional RRC state. Benefit of Cell _PCH feature in current 3G network The RNC and core capacity is changeling with signaling storm risks which is caused by the quickly growing smart phones in 3G network. sometimes the user is doing nothing at all. 1. During the time described as above. CELL-PCH working algraithm Cell update procedure is required for CELL_PCH mode to keep RRC connection alive. reduce the SPU and GOU board load. (For example.2. Not all network implementations currently use the CELL_PCH state.2. 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 4. and CELL_DCH. Normally Cell-PCH mode is optional for 3G network. CELL_FACH.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal 1.2. In this state. waiting for message coming when using MSN). 1. Cell-PCH Feature Introduction. Total 19 . 1. the terminal is not able to send or receive packets.

If UE need to transfer data. 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 5. UE will send Cell Update message with update reason “Cell Re-selection”. so all the paging messages will send to particular cell only ( Not to whole LAC as in Idle mode). Below is status transmitting diagram of CELL PCH and CELLFACH. If there any data transfer on DL. the Network will inform by PICH to make a cell update and the update reason is Paging Response.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal Whenever UE need to do a cell update RACH will be used (CELL UPDATE Message will send using common channels). So RNC should know if UE change camping cell by cell reselection procedure. The RNC will send the CELL_UPDATE_CONFIRM message to reconfigure the RB to enter the UE to CELL_FACH mode to transfer DL data to UE. To inform the new cell camped. the Cell Update message will send to with update reason “Uplink data Transmission” The RNC will send the CELL_UPDATE_CONFIRM message to reconfigure the RB to enter the UE to CELL_FACH mode to transfer UL data. In CELL_PCH mode UE is known to Cell level in RNC. Total 19 . CELL-DCH.

1. 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 6. HUCONVUL=10. The recommended value for the activation factor is 10%. 3. PSBKGUL=10. TMISLV=30. HDINTERDL=10. retain the configured value. change the Iu-PS activation factor. BeF2PStateTransTimer=6. HDSRBDL=10. ITFT=IUPS. HDSIPDL=10.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal 2. BeF2ETvmThd=D2k. HDSTRMDL=10. HUINTERUL=10. Set F2D 4A Threshold SET UUESTATETRANS: BeF2DTvmThd=D2k. FTI=19. 4. Data Configuration of CELL_PCH 2. HDBKGDL=10. HDVOICEDL=10. MOD ADJMAP: ANI=1400.Set H2F/D2F/F2P timer SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER: BeD2FStateTransTimer=4.BeF2HTvmThd=D2k. PSINTERUL=10. TMIGLD=30. ADD TRMFACTOR: FTI=19. HUBKGUL=10.1. HUSTRMUL=10. PSCONVDL=10. PSSTRMDL=10. 5. Run the ADD TRMFACTOR and MOD ADJMAP commands in sequence to change the Iu-PS activation factor. ITFT=IUPS. FTI=19. BeE2FStateTransTimer=4. REMARK="IUPS". Total 19 . RNC Configuration Below is the configuration in RNC side. TMIBRZ=30. BeH2FStateTransTimer=4. PSINTERDL=10. HDCONVDL=10. PsInactTmrForBac=1800. PSCONVUL=10. PSSTRMUL=10. MOD ADJMAP: ANI=1401. HUSRBUL=10. TMIBRZ=30. If the configured Iu-PS activation factor is smaller than 10%. HUVOICEUL=10. 2.Set PS Inactive timer SET UPSINACTTIMER: PsInactTmrForInt=1800. To avoid the admission failure on the Iu-PS interface due to the increase of UEs in CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state. Enable the DCCC and state transit switch SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH: DraSwitch=DRA_DCCC_SWITCH1&DRA_HSDPA_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-1&DRA_HSUPA_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH1&DRA_PS_BE_STATE_TRANS_SWITCH-1. PSBKGDL=10. HUSIPUL=10. TMIGLD=30. TMISLV=30.

• RMV UPCHDYNTFS: CellId=XXXX. RLCSize=168. CTFC=1. • ADD USCCPCHTFC:CELLID=XXXX. SLOTFORMAT=D8. TrChId=5.Remove exist SCCPCH • DEA USCCPCH: CellId=XXXX. TRCHID=3. SCCPCHOFFSET=50.Add PCH and Active it • ADD UPICH:CELLID=XXXX. 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 7. TrChId=5. TrChId=4. SCRAMBCODE=0. STTDIND=FALSE. PICHMODE=V36. RLCSize=240. lots of the users will be transmit to PCH channel. CELL Configuration Once CELL-PCH enabled. RLCSize=360.Add SCCPCH for PCH • ADD USCCPCHBASIC:CELLID=XXXX. TrChId=4. CTFC=0. • RMV USCCPCH: CellId=XXXX. TFCIPRESENCE=EXISTS. • RMV UFACH: CellId=XXXX. PhyChId=8. PHYCHID=8.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal 2. PICHID=10.Deactive Cell • DEA UCELL: CellId=XXXX. Step3. CTFCSIZE=BIT4. TrChId=4. Additional SCCPCH is mandatory required for all the cells to expand the PCH and FACH capacity before enable Cell-PCH and EFD feature Below is the script for cell SCCPCH addition. • ADD UPCH:CELLID=XXXX. TrChId=3. PhyChId=8. PHYCHID=8. PHYCHID=8. • RMV UPCH: CellId=XXXX. Step4. Total 19 . Step1. PICHId=10. • RMV UFACH: CellId=XXXX. Step2. • RMV UPICH: CellId=XXXX. TrChId=3. MBMSCHIND=COMMON. RATEMATCHINGATTR=230. PHYCHID=8. • RMV UFACHDYNTFS: CellId=XXXX. • RMV UFACHLOCH: CellId=XXXX. STTDIND=FALSE. Congestion might be happened. • ADD USCCPCHTFC:CELLID=XXXX. PHYCHID=8.2. • RMV UFACHDYNTFS: CellId=XXXX.

SLOTFORMAT=D8. CTFCSIZE=BIT4. TBNUMBER2=1. PHYCHID=9. TBNUMBER1=0. CTFC=1. TFSNUMBER=D2. • ADD UFACHLOCH:TRCHID=4. PHYCHID=9. • ADD USCCPCHTFC:CELLID=XXXX. Step. TOAWS=35. Step. CELLID=XXXX. • ADD UFACH:CELLID=XXXX. TOAWE=10. Total 19 . TRCHID=5. CTFC=2. RLCSIZE=168. RATEMATCHINGATTR=220. CTFC=0. RLCSIZE=360. • ADD UFACHDYNTFS:CELLID=XXXX.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal TOAWS=35. CHCODINGTYPE=CONVOLUTIONAL. HUAWEI Confidential Page 8. • ADD UPCHDYNTFS:CELLID=XXXX. TBNUMBER2=1.Add SCCPCH for FACH • ADD USCCPCHBASIC:CELLID=XXXX. TOAWE=10.8Check Cell status and SCCPCH availability status • 2013-8-8 DSP UCELL:CELLID=XXXX. TBNUMBER3=2. SIGRBIND=FALSE. SCCPCHOFFSET=100. PHYCHID=9. RATEMATCHINGATTR=130. • ADD USCCPCHTFC:CELLID=XXXX. MBMSCHIND=COMMON. • ADD USCCPCHTFC:CELLID=XXXX. TBNUMBER1=0. Step5. PHYCHID=9. RLCSIZE=240. Step6. TRCHID=3. MAXCMCHPI=D13. PHYCHID=9. TRCHID=5. SCRAMBCODE=0. CODINGRATE=D1/2. STTDIND=FALSE. TOAWE=10. • ACT USCCPCH:CELLID=XXXX. PHYCHID=9. TFCIPRESENCE=EXISTS. TFSNUMBER=D3. PHYCHID=9. MAXFACHPOWER=10. PHYCHID=9. TBNUMBER2=1.7Active Cell • ACT UCELL:CELLID=XXXX. MAXFACHPOWER=10. CHCODINGTYPE=TURBO. CTFC=3. MINCMCHPI=D14. TRCHID=4. PHYCHID=8. TFSNUMBER=D2. • ADD UFACHDYNTFS:CELLID=XXXX. MINCMCHPI=D0. MAXCMCHPI=D15. TRCHID=4. • ADD USCCPCHTFC:CELLID=XXXX. • ACT USCCPCH:CELLID=XXXX.Add FACH Sig channel and User channel • ADD UFACH:CELLID=XXXX. TBNUMBER1=0. TOAWS=35. PCHPOWER=-20. SIGRBIND=TRUE.

When the cell update procedure with the cause value of "cell reselection" occurs in the AMR service setup procedure. If a UE in CELL_PCH state sends a CELL UPDATE message with a cause value of "Originating Conversational Call" or "Emergency Call" to the RNC when setting up AMR services. and then the RNC starts to process the cell update procedure. and continues the AMR service setup after the CELL UPDATE message is processed. During the AMR service setup. 2. Reserved Parameter Configuration There are two reserved parameter need to be modified to avoid CS RAB SSR degradation issue: SET URRCTRLSWITCH: RsvdPara1=RSVDBIT1_BIT21-0. Total 19 . The RNC then sends the CN an RAB ASSIGNMENT RESPONSE message. After the CELL_PCH state is activated. ensure that the RNC notifies the UE to transit from CELL_PCH state to CELL_DCH state. The preceding function is disabled by default. run the following command: 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 9. In this way. To enable this function. the CS RAB assignment fails under the following condition: A UE transits from the CELL_PCH state to the CELL_FACH state before setting up an AMR service.3. The preceding function is disabled by default. the UE transits from CELL_FACH state to CELL_DCH state. The AMR service setup fails when the cell update procedure with the cause value of "cell reselection" occurs in the AMR service setup procedure. the RNC receives from the UE a CELL UPDATE message with a cause value of "cell reselection" after sending the UE a RADIO BEARER SETUP message. the two procedures are not crossed. notifying the CN that the AMR service setup fails.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal 2. run the following command: SET URRCTRLSWITCH: RsvdPara1=RSVDBIT1_BIT21-0. SET URRCTRLSWITCH: RsvdPara1=RSVDBIT1_BIT20-0. the RNC stops the AMR service setup procedure and sends an RAB ASSIGNMENT RESPONSE message to the CN. ensure that the RNC stops the AMR service setup after receiving the CELL UPDATE message with a cause value of "cell reselection". When the UE in the CELL_FACH state starts the AMR service setup. 1. To enable this function. If the UE transits from CELL_FACH state to CELL_DCH state when setting up AMR services.

below is detail: Test Case Descri pt i on. doc 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 10. 3. Test case There are some test case in RNC acceptance guild.1.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal SET URRCTRLSWITCH: RsvdPara1=RSVDBIT1_BIT20-0. Feature Testing and Verification 3. Total 19 .

1.1. SRNC PS and CS SRNC relocation preparation success rate decreased sharply.1. Total 19 . 4. KPI Impact and Degradation After CELL –PCH enabled in live network. But most of the KPI degradation are not impact customer experience.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal 4. KPI Impact after CELL_PCH Enabled 4. Below is a example in live network: Root cause: From signaling message there are two reason caused this degradation: 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 11. there are many KPI will be degraded. Relocation Preparation Success Rate Decreased While TRNC enabled Cell_PCH function. the local engineer must explain the possibility sequence to customer before implementation to avoid the complaint.

PS Idle Mode Paging Degradation While TRNC enabled Cell-PCH function.1. Total 19 . so no need to enable CCH over Iur to solve this issue. users in Cell-FACH and Cell-PCH state increased. so this scene appeared. 4.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal . That will lead to combined service of CS&PS increased too. Immediate action and Solution: No need take action for this KPI degradation. below is the KPI: Root cause: The root cause of this idle paging degradation is due to user behavior changing after cell-pch implemented in whole network. and there is no any abnormal in RNC processing. Since the reason of relocation prepare stage failure is caused by user behavior after Cell PCH feature enabled in live network. to a certainty. Also this issue is not affect user experience. And current IUR don’t support CCH.Failure message1” message-not-compatible-with-receiver-state” .2. Normally there are two kind of PS users in mobile network: high active users and 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 12.Failure message 2” relocation-failure-in-target-CN-RNC-or-target-system" After Cell-PCH launched. the success rate of PS idle mode paging was degraded.

it will not call this user for a certain time. and when they are come to bad coverage area. Also the application server considered this user is offline already after service failed. but the low active users will be in idle mode because they are not make service frequently.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal low active users. RNC HSDPA D2H Incereased When RNC is R12SPC5xx While TRNC enabled Cell-PCH function. for example the facebook. 4.1. The high active users are who using PS service frequently. So that the high active users are always has good paging/call success rate. That’s why the idle mode paging is degraded. pushmail. Immediate action and Solution: No need take action for this KPI degradation. after a few time’s failure they will give up the service. When those user making service. MSN users.3. But the low active users are always has lower paging/call success rate because that those users are not initiative to make PS service: they normally to receive ps call/paging passivity so that the possibility of their PS service in good and poor coverage area is same. SRNC PS and CS SRNC relocation preparation 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 13. the high active users are always stay in PCH status. Total 19 . normally they are always choosing good coverage area to use PS service. After cell-PCH feature enabled.

. further “PS Call Drop Ratio” will increase. if its state is CELL_PCH and setup a CS RAB.The UE under R6 in CELL_PCH state will trigger D2H when setup CS RAB.Most UEs in du are under R6 device. PS Call Drop Ratio = PS RAB abnormal release times/(PS RAB abnormal release times+ PS RAB normal release times) After CELL_PCH or EFD feature enable.4. .The version V900R012ENGC01SPH5xx has an inner arithmetic correction. More PS user will keep in CELL_FACH. RNC Call Drop Rate Degradation RNC call drop rate will be degraded after CELL-PCH feature launched. All the reasons above make the D2H increased a lot. the CELL_FACH call drop will increase a little higher than CELL_DCH. which makes the online time calculation of CELL_PCH user more accurate then makes CELL_PCH user number increase a lot. which is normal Immediate action and Solution: No need take action for this KPI degradation 4. Total 19 .CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal Root cause . 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 14. The reason of “PS Call Drop Ratio” increase is the “PS RAB normal release times” decline. The PS inactive timer will extend then whole network “PS RAB Normal Release Times” will reduce.The length of PS inactive timer is configured very long on current network (600 seconds) and the CELL_PCH user number increase a lot.1. . the “PS RAB Abnormal Release Times” will increase a little bit probably. then the D2H scene above increased a lot.For the UE of R5 and below R5. . So that the user perception is still normal. then there will be a scenario of D2H.

2. Total 19 . KPI Formula Change after CELL-PCH Implementation It is recommended to change the PS CDR formula to exclude the drops which is happened in PCH or FACH after cell-PCH launched. Below is the KPI formula which is used in E operator.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal 4. 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 15.

PS.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal Table 1. PS R99 CDR(Cell.PCH) Counter & Formula · PS R99 Call Drop Ratio with PCH (Cell)= [(VS.F2P)/ (VS.RAB.Succ.RAB.AbnormRel.RAB.RAB.PSR99VS.PS.AbnormRel.PCHVS.PCHVS.PS.Succ+ VS.DCCC.HSDPA.PCH+ VS.R99D2PVS.PSR99.PS.Succ+ VS.AbnormRel.D2H.NormRel.PS.PSR99VS.D2P.HSDPA.AbnormRel.RAB. Total 19 .AbnormRel.RAB.RAB.RAB.Succ+ VS.AbnormRel.F2P)]*100% Scope Table 2. 2013-8-8 CELL PS HSDPA CDR(Cell.PCH) HUAWEI Confidential Page 16.PSR99+ VS.NormRel.F2H.

NormRel+ VS.RAB.HSDPA.HSDPA.SuccOutIntraFreq+ VS.HSDPA.H2P.HSDPA.AbnormRel+ VS.HSDPA.HSDPA.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal Counter & Formula · HSDPA Service Drop Ratio with PCH(Cell)= [(VS.HHO.H2D.Succ+ VS.H2D.H2D.HSDPA.HSDPA.HSDPA.HHO.RAB.HSDPA.AbnormRelVS.SuccOutInterFreq+ VS.H2P)/ (VS.RAB.Succ)]*100% · HSDPA Service Drop Ratio with PCH(RNC)= [(VS.RAB.SuccOutIntraFreq+ VS.HSDPA.RAB.Succ)]*100% Scope Table 3. 2013-8-8 CELL.HSDPA.H2F. Total 19 .HSDPA.H2D.AbnormRel.HSDPA.Succ+ VS.AbnormRel.RAB.HSDPA.H2P)/ (VS.Succ+ VS.HHO.H2F.HSDPA.NormRel+ VS.SuccOutInterFreq+ VS.HSDPA.HHO.HSDPA.IurVS.HSDPA.AbnormRel.RAB.RAB.RAB.HSDPA.NormRel.Iur+ VS.H2P.Iur+ VS.HSDPA.RAB.AbnormRel+ VS.AbnormRel.RAB.H2D. Iur PS HSUPA CDR(Cell.PCH) HUAWEI Confidential Page 17.Succ+ VS.H2D.AbnormRel+ VS.

HSUPA.NormRel.NormRel+ VS.RAB.HSUPA.E2F.RAB.Succ+ VS.E2F.AbnormRel.HSUPA.HSUPA. Iur HUAWEI Confidential Page 18.SuccOutInterFreq+ VS.AbnormRel+ VS.HSUPA.E2D.NormRel+ VS.HSUPA.RAB.E2D.RAB.Succ+ VS.Succ+ VS.E2P)/ (VS.Succ)]*100% HSUPA Call Drop Ratio with PCH (RNC)= [(VS.AbnormRel+ VS.HHO.HHO.RAB.HSUPA.HSUPA.E2D.HHO.HSUPA.SuccOutIntraFreq+ VS.AbnormRel+ VS.HSUPA.HSUPA.HSUPA.HSUPA.RAB.RAB.RAB.Succ+ VS.HHO.RAB.HSUPA.E2P. Total 19 .AbnormRel.IurVS.HSUPA.Iur+ VS.RAB.CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal Counter & Formula HSUPA Call Drop Ratio with PCH (Cell)= [(VS.HSUPA.HSUPA.HSUPA.RAB.Succ)]*100% Scope 2013-8-8 CELL.SuccOutIntraFreq+ VS.AbnormRelVS.AbnormRel.E2P)/ (VS.HSUPA.E2P.SuccOutInterFreq+ VS.AbnormRel.E2D.HSUPA.HSUPA.Iur+ VS.E2D.E2D.

CELL-PCH Feature Implementation in 3G Network Internal 2013-8-8 HUAWEI Confidential Page 19. Total 19 .

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