The Role of Women in

A Brief Overview of
1 Corinthians 14
and 1 Timothy 2:11-15
Presented by
Pastor David Nelson
October 30, 2009

Irwin Bible Church idea of the progression of the role
(value) of women:

Modern Times
New Testament

Old Testament
Pastor Janine Metcalf
El Cajon Church of the Nazarene
• To determine the role of women in the
• Look at passages
• Look at numbers
• Look at gifts
• Pray
Pastor Janine Metcalf
El Cajon Church of the Nazarene
• authenein “to exercise authority” =
“domineering, negative word”
• It became a negative word about two
hundred years later.

• “Look at what Paul is really saying.”
Let’s look at what Paul is really saying!
• Remember these things as we approach
1 Timothy:
• Paul is an apostle of Jesus Christ
• He was inspired by the Holy Spirit of
God to write what he wrote.
• We dare not change or twist something
in Scripture just because it does not say
what we want it to say!
1 Timothy 2
• 8 I desire then that in every place the men
(aner) should pray, lifting holy hands without
anger or quarreling;
• 9 likewise also that women (gune) should
adorn themselves in respectable apparel, with
modesty and self-control, not with braided hair
and gold or pearls or costly attire,10 but with
what is proper for women who profess
godliness–with good works.
• 11 Let a woman learn quietly with all
1 Timothy 2:12
• I--who is Paul?
• “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the
command of God our Savior and of
Christ Jesus our hope.” 1 Timothy 1:1
• With the authority of the Lord Jesus
• With a message from the Lord Jesus
1 Timothy 2:12
• Negative:
• I do not permit a woman (present tense shows
ongoing action)
• permit: epitrepo g5292: to give liberty, allow, let,
permit, suffer
• to teach: didasko g1321
• or to exercise authority autheneo g3761: to act of
oneself, dominate, to have or exercise dominion over
• over a man (aner)
1 Timothy 2:11-12
• Positive:
• A woman can hear and learn the Word of God
• 11 Let a woman learn…
– quietly
– with all submissiveness.
• 12 …Rather, she is to remain quiet.
1 Timothy 2
• What is the REASON given?
• The women of that congregation are needing to
be educated more?
• That women are more easily deceived?
• No!
• It is an argument from the Order of Creation:
– 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve;
– 14 and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived
and became a transgressor.
– 15 Yet she will be saved through childbearing–if they continue
in faith and love and holiness, with self-control.
Questions for 1 Corinthians 14
• Where is this taking place?
• To what does ‘speaking’ refer?
• Who is to keep silent and when?
Key words for 1 Corinthians 14
• sigao (σιγαω) = G4601 “keep silent”
with middle voice “to silence oneself”
• laleo (λαλεω) = G2980 “to speak; to talk
(utter words): preach, say, speak, talk,
tell, utter”
1 Corinthians 14
• 18 I thank God that I speak in tongues
more than all of you. 19 Nevertheless, in
church I would rather speak five words
with my mind in order to instruct others,
than ten thousand words in a tongue.
• 23 If, therefore, the whole church comes
together and all speak in tongues, and
outsiders or unbelievers enter, will they
not say that you are out of your minds?
• 27 If any speak in a tongue, let there be
only two or at most three, and each in
turn, and let someone interpret. 28 But if
there is no one to interpret, let each of
them keep silent in church and speak
to himself and to God. 29 Let two or
three prophets speak, and let the others
weigh what is said. 30 If a revelation is
made to another sitting there, let the first
be silent.
• 31 For you can all prophesy one by one,
so that all may learn and all be
encouraged, 32 and the spirits of
prophets are subject to prophets. 33 For
God is not a God of confusion but of
• As in all the churches of the saints, 34
the women should keep silent in the
churches. For they are not permitted to
speak, but should be in submission, as
the Law also says. 35 If there is anything
they desire to learn, let them ask their
husbands at home. For it is shameful for
a woman to speak in church. 36 Or was
it from you that the word of God came?
Or are you the only ones it has reached?
• 37 If anyone thinks that he is a
prophet, or spiritual, he should
acknowledge that the things I am
writing to you are a command of the
Lord. 38 If anyone does not recognize
this, he is not recognized. 39 So, my
brothers, earnestly desire to prophesy,
and do not forbid speaking in tongues.
40 But all things should be done
decently and in order.

















Who are Women Not
to Teach?
• Men
• (1 Timothy 2:12; 1 Corintians 14:34-35)
Who Can Women
• Women (Titus 2:3-5)
• Children (2 Timothy 1:5; 3:14-17)
• Privately (Cf. Pricilla and Aquila in Acts
What Else Can
Women Do?
• “A Closing Challenge to Men and
Women” by John Piper pp.57-58

John Piper
“I realize this list is incomplete and reflects
my own culture and limitations. But it is
worth the risk, I think, to make clear that
the vision of manhood and womanhood
presented in this book is not meant to
hinder ministry but to purify and empower
it in a pattern of Biblical obedience.” p.58
Danvers Statement (Ninth
“With half the world’s population outside the
reach of indigenous evangelism; with
countless other lost people in those societies
that have heard the gospel; with the stresses
and miseries of sickness, malnutrition,
homelessness, illiteracy, ignorance, aging,
addiction, crime, incarceration, neuroses, and
loneliness, no man or woman who feels a
passion from God to make His grace known in
word and deed need ever live without a
fulfilling ministry for the glory of Christ and the
good of this fallen world.”

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