Data Profile

2000 2005 2006 2007 World view Population, total (millions) 6.67 6.81 6.86 6.93 Population growth (annual %) 0.9 0.4 0.6 1.0 Surface area (sq. km) (thousands) 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of population) .. .. .. .. GNI, Atlas 177.12 (current US$) (billions) method 191.79 202.46 218.91 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) 26,570 28,150 29,530 31,610 GNI, PPP (current international $) (billions) 177.24 243.37 273.40 305.09 GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 26,590 35,720 39,870 44,050 People Income share held by lowest 20% .. .. .. .. Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 81 82 82 .. Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 1.0 1.0 1.0 .. Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 6 5 5 .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49) .. .. .. .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 100 .. .. Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) .. .. .. .. Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age (% of .. .. .. .. children under 5) Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. .. .. .. Primary completion rate, total (%100 .. 102 of relevant age group) .. Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%) .. 98 98 .. Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49) .. .. .. .. Environment Forest area (sq. .. km) (thousands) .. .. .. Agricultural land.. (% of land area) .. .. .. Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. Improved water .. source (% of population with .. .. .. access) Improved sanitation facilities, urban.. .. .. (% of urban population with access) .. Energy use 2,385 oil equivalent per .. (kg of 2,653 capita) .. CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 5.8 .. .. .. Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) .. 5,447 5,878 .. Economy GDP (current US$) (billions) 190.00 206.71 169.12 177.77 GDP growth (annual %) 7.1 8.0 7.0 6.4 Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) -3.6 -0.1 -0.3 2.7 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 0 0 0 .. Industry, value13 added (% 9 GDP) 9 of .. Services, etc., value added (% of GDP) 87 91 91 .. Exports of goods and services (%205 143 199 of GDP) 207 Imports of goods and services (%194GDP) 197 139 186 of Gross capital formation (% of GDP) 27 21 22 21 Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP) .. .. .. .. Cash surplus/deficit (% of.. .. GDP) .. .. States and markets Time required to start a business (days) .. 11 11 11 Market capitalization of listed companies (% of GDP) 368.6 390.1 471.2 562.4 Military expenditure (% of.. .. GDP) .. .. Fixed line and141 mobile phone subscribers (per 100 people) 181 194 208

Internet users (per 100 people) 55.0 27.8 51.8 57.2 Roads, paved (% of total roads) .. 100 .. .. High-technology exports 16 of manufactured .. 23 (% 11 exports) Global links Merchandise trade (% of GDP) 246 333 347 349 Net barter terms of trade98 100 (2000 = 97 100) .. External debt, total (DOD,.. .. current US$) (millions) .. .. Short-term debt.. outstanding (DOD, .. .. current US$) (millions) .. Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) .. .. .. .. Foreign direct investment, net 42,891 (BoP, current US$) (millions) 61,924 33,618 inflows .. Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received (US$) (millions) 136 297 294 348 Source: World assistance and .. Official development Development 4 .. official aid (current US$) (millions) ..

Indicators database, September 2008

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