6 views

Uploaded by briandmcneill

save

You are on page 1of 1

3-4 Finding an Equation of a Line (continued)

Vocabulary

j>-intercept The y-coordinate of the point where a line (or curve) intersects the y-axis.

x-intercept The ^-coordinate of the point where a line (or curve) intersects the *-axis.

Slope-intercept form The equation of a line written as y = mx + b where

m is the slope and b is the y-intercept.

Theorem Let Zq and L2 be two different lines, with slopes mj and m2.

1. LI and L2 are parallel if and only if m\ = wt2.

2. LI and L2 are perpendicular if and only if mjW 2 = — 1. (mi and ra2 are negative reciprocals.)

**Example J3 Find an equation in standard form of the line having slope - — and
**

^-intercept 2.

Solution Use = mx + b with m = -- and b = 2.

**y = + 2 Multiply both sides by 4
**

4y = -3* + 8 to clear the fraction.

3x 4y = 8

Find an equation in standard form of the line having slope m and ^-intercept b.

17.m=-l,b = 18. /» = 2, b = -4 19. 20. m = 0.8, & = 0.6

**Example 4 Find equations in standard form of the lines through point P( — 1, 3) that are
**

(a) parallel to and (b) perpendicular to the line x - 3y = 6.

**Solution Solve the equation for y to find the slope:
**

x - 3y = 6; y = ~x - 2 .". the slope of the line is —.

**a. A line parallel to x — 3y = 6 b. The slope of a line perpendicular to
**

has the same slope, —-. x — 3y = 6 is the negative reciprocal

Use the point-slope form: of —, or —3. Use the point-slope form:

y - 3 = + 1) y - 3 = -3(jc + 1)

3v - 9 = x + 1 y - 3 = -3x - 3

x - 3y = -10 3* + y = 0

**Find equations in standard form of the lines through point P that are (a) parallel to
**

and (b) perpendicular to line L.

21. P(0, -5);L:y = ~x + 2 22. P(3, 0);L:x -4y = 4

23. P(2, -3);L: 2x + 7y = 14 24. P(-5, -1);L:* + 4 = 0

**Study Guide, ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY, Structure and Method, Book 2
**

40 Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

- lessonsUploaded byapi-208363067
- CalcLinAlg2_C01Uploaded byGlenn Sulistio
- Introduction to linear equationsUploaded byAbel Taddele
- An Introduction to Q-differenceUploaded byali aldailami
- Mathematics 2020 Study GuideUploaded byTanzeel Ur Rehman
- ovms year-plan---mathematics-grade-8Uploaded byapi-238731428
- stearns msa unitplanUploaded byapi-281469512
- Doc 1062 X Maths Support Material Key Points HOTS and VBQ 2014 15Uploaded byKAPIL SHARMA
- luke van gemert foliotaskUploaded byapi-287500447
- linear regression essayUploaded byapi-239558126
- 03 19 Parallel Perpendicular Lines Teacher Student NotesUploaded byk
- 1-3Uploaded bysarasmile2009
- Solve Linear EquationsUploaded byGear Arellano II
- System of Linear EquationsUploaded byKomal Shujaat
- Re-expression and Regression.pdfUploaded byLeez17
- RegressionUploaded byRatnottar Hardik
- Beginning Python Visualization Crafting Visual Transformation Scripts-4304Uploaded byCh' He
- Basic Differential EquationsUploaded bymtonde
- Ezy Math Tutoring - Year 9 Answers.pdfUploaded byVincents Genesius Evans
- Syllabus Fall 2012 53368 OnlineUploaded byjaunsdasd
- ObjectivesUploaded byicaaruss
- Second Order Linear Homogeneous Equations With Constant CoefficientsUploaded byDhany SSat
- 8th grade pre-algebra second year curriculum 2014-2015Uploaded byapi-234403847