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UPSR ENGLISH

THE SK FORMAT

Mahisham Mahmood
CONSTRUCTS (Paper 2 )

Writing sentences using correct
grammar, punctuation & spelling
Matching words to linear & non-linear
representations
Writing to express ideas

Mahisham Mahmood
Section A

Sentence Construction
 Write complete sentences based on a
picture with the words given.
 Write exactly 5 sentences not more not
less.
 No need to use all the words given.

Mahisham Mahmood
BANDING

Excellent – 9-10 marks
Credit – 7-8 marks
Achievement – 5-6 marks
Low Achievement - 0-4 marks

Mahisham Mahmood
Section B

Information Transfer
 1 question –
a) Transferring linear/non-linear
information to a given table
b) Write a short paragraph(s) of
one’s decisions or choice

Mahisham Mahmood
Section C

Note Expansion
 Write sentences in a paragraph(s) form
based on a series of visual stimuli.
 1 question

Mahisham Mahmood
Paper 2
 MARKS
 Section A: 10 marks
 Section B: 15 marks
 Section C: 15 marks
 TOTAL : 40 marks

Mahisham Mahmood
Q1 Constructing Sentences

1. Study the picture and the words, try to get as much
information as possible .
2. Some of the words might give you an idea what to write
regarding to events, incidents or activities
3. You can either write in present tense, past tense or
continuos tense
4. Do not use the same sentence pattern. Use a variety of
sentence patterns that you have learnt.
5. Emphasis of marking is on grammar.
6. Banding: Excellent : 9-10 Credit: 7-8,
Achievement: 5-6 Low Achievement: 0-4

Mahisham Mahmood
mother outside hot puts clothes

pole daughter helps basket birds

Mahisham Mahmood
picnic river hot puts food

bank swimming behind prepares table

Mahisham Mahmood
crying hurt friends running

drain water help bicycle

Mahisham Mahmood
sunny beach picnic mother tree
mat surfing sea prepares swimming

Mahisham Mahmood
Q1 Techniques
There are two common techniques:
a. Listing;
Listing Write as many simple sentences as possible.
Then, join two or three sentences to form
compound or complex sentences.
b. Expansion: Using the original sentence stem to
expand.
e.g:1. The boy is reading a book.
2. The boy is reading a book at the table.
3. The boy is reading a book and he is sitting
comfortably at the table.
4. The boy who is reading a book sits comfortably
at the table.
Mahisham Mahmood
Sample Candidate A

1. The girl’s hobby is rearing fish.
2. She keeps many types of fishes.
3. She keeps them in an aquarium.
4. They are very [colourful.]
5. She feeds them with water-plants.
(Low Achievement 1-4)

Mahisham Mahmood
Sample Candidate B
1. The girl’s hobby is rearing fish.
2. She keeps many types of fishes in
her aquarium.
3. She feeds them with fish foods and
water-plants [twice a day].
4. Her fishes are beautiful and
[colourful.]
5. She enjoys feeding and looking at
them.
(Achievement 5-6)
Mahisham Mahmood
Q2 Information Transfer

Question 2A
1. Read and understand the instruction carefully.
2. You are required to identify the information details from
the text.
3. Extract relevant information and then, transfer them
into the blanks provided.
4. Read the text or passage again and underline all the
details mentioned.
5. Make sure that the required information has been
transferred correctly.
6. Check your spelling and use correct punctuation;
spelling, upper and lower cases, symbols.

Mahisham Mahmood
Question 2 B
1. Read and understand the instruction carefully.
2. Make sure you know exactly the requirements of the
question.
3. You are required to make a choice.
4. Marks will be awarded according to your ability to
complete the task given. Give appropriate reasons.
5. The emphasis is on how good your reason is
6. The banding Ex : 5, Cr: 4, Ac : 2-3 LA : 1

Mahisham Mahmood
Scoring Good Marks! How?
a. Cohesiveness
Writing should be carried out in sequence with exceptional
cohesiveness.
b. Choice
i. Make a choice which is familiar to you.
ii. Do not use any uppercase unless it is a proper noun
c. Main Reason;
i. elaborate your reasons by using
- your previous knowledge or past experience
- facts about your choice; factual aspects
- own ability or interest or ambition or confidence
- expand your main idea creatively in one or two sentences.

Mahisham Mahmood
c. Supportive Reasons
i. reasons should be based on the given information.

ii. information must be transferred cleverly and written

meaningfully
iii. avoid using the same sentence pattern
vi. mapping/diagramming and clustering will help you
to
elaborate your reasons and expand your ideas.
v. use transitional markers; besides, beside that,
moreover, on top of that , to sequence your reasons.
d. Ending;
i. conclusion - short and concise
ii. give opinion
iii. conclude your choice
SAMPLE 1
Delight Food Court Muhibbah Restaurant

Serves delicious traditional Kelantanese Serves Traditional Malay, Chinese,
dishes, cakes and pastries. There are Indian and Thai dishes. Have a
twelve stalls to choose from . Have a marvellous dinner in the
good meal while being entertained by air-condit ioned hall. Very spacious
traditional Kelantanese dance and to have a private party. Karaoke
music. provided.
Buffet dinner : Eat all you can for just
RM20 per person Dinner : RM30 per person

Western Cafe
Serves all types of western food British, Italian and Western American Food.
Ample space for partying. Live singing performances by a popular local artiste.

Dinner of your choice : RM50 per person

Mahisham Mahmood
SAMPLE 2
I would prefer to choose Adidas because it is the most
popular shoes around and I think wearing it will greatly
enhance my prestige. I believe that the shoes are of the
highest quality and definitely it is worth buying.
Normally, it would cost me more than RM50. However,
with the shoes on offer, it is reasonably priced. I would
consider buying a pair for my sports practice as I would
get a free pair of socks. The MM Shoe Store near my
house is having a sale. I would have the chance to
choose the colour I want. It would be nice if a few of my
friends wear the same brand of shoes for our sports
practice.
Question 2 (b)
If your family were going to Kuching for a holiday, which hostel
would you choose to stay?

I would prefer to choose the Bunga Raya Hotel
Head
(Beginning) because my family and I would find it comfortable. It is
equipped with modern facilities such as air-conditioner,
four beds, private bathroom and hot water shower. The
hotel is located in Kuching City, so we could travel by
Body taxi from the airport. We definitely would enjoy the
(Content)
beautiful scenery along the way. On top of that, the
hotel management is having a 20% discount promotion
for the stay, so my father could save a lot of money. I
would be able to ask him for more pocket money to buy
souvenirs for my friends. I am looking forward to stay
End
(Conclusion)
in Bunga Raya Hotel and enjoy my holidays in Kuching.
SAMPLE 2

PLASTIC COIN BOX BAMBOO COIN BOX COCONUT SHELL COIN BOX

• house • cylindrical • round
• colourful • yellowish with carvings • brown, painted with flowers
• has music • can hang on the wall • artistic value
• RM6.00 • RM4.00 • RM2.50

Mary : Look at those coin boxes. They’re cute.
Siti : Yes, and I need a new coin box.
Mary : Look, this one is made of cocon ut shell and it’s beautifully painted.
There’s a hole at the top to put your coins in.
Siti : This one is made of plastic . It is bigger and there will be music when
you push your coins in.
Mary : This cylindrical shape is made of bamboo and yo u can hang it in your
room. There’s a hole in front of you to put your coins.
Siti : Oh, I just don’t know which one to c hoose.
Mary : Well, you should choose the one that is big enough for you and it must
be long lasting.
SAMPLE 3
Pineapple
• yellow
• sweet and juicy
• rich in Vitamin C
• suitable for making jam
Starfruits • can keep for many days
• yellow star shaped • comes from Johor
• sweet and juicy • RM4.00 per kilo
• rich in Vitamin A and C
• suitable for making fruit juice
• can keep for week Apple
• comes from Perak • red or green
• RM3.00 per kilo • sweet and juicy
• rich in vitamins
• suitable for making fruit salad
• must keep in the refrigerator
• imported from Australia
• RM5.00 per kilo
SAMPLE 4
Question 3
Comprehend (understand the requirement of the question)
Read the instruction carefully.
Circle every information; names/events/clues
General Information
1. Study the pictures and the given words; try to get as much information
as possible regarding to;
a. events b. incidents c. clue or written text
d. activities e. identify the characters
Scheming and Drafting
1st Step 1. Study the notes 2. Identify the tense used
3. Make a simple story line to guide you.
2nd Step
Write a draft: free writing, brainstorm, making a list or mapping
Join them by using conjunction to form compound sentences.
If possible, use relative pronouns and insert adjectives or adverbs.
Edit your language and content
SAMPLE 5
SAMPLE 6
(a) (b)

Last Saturday - scouts - washed - window panes - trimmed hedges -
painted - fences swept - school compound

(c)

collected - old newspapers - bottles -
finished - tired - happy
SAMPLE 6B
Last week, Johan and a group of scouts decided to
raise fund for their Annual Scouts’ Jamboree in “Kijang
Camp”. The boys organised themselves into several groups.
One of the groups went around the houses and washed cars
and painted the fences.
Another group of scouts headed by Amin, trimmed the
hedges and cleaned the compounds of the houses. They also
went around and gathered old newspapers, bottles and
cans. They sold the things they had collected at the
recycling centre. All of them were happy because they had
made some money and helped to keep the environment
clean.
At the end of the week, the boy scouts counted 'the
money they had raised. They were very delighted to find out
that they had collected more than RM200.00. They were
happy and hoped to take part in their Annual Scouts’
Jamboree.
SAMPLE 7
(a) (b)

evening - boys - walking - saw - bird cat - towards - chased - away

(c)

climbed - into - nest - happy - deed
SAMPLE 8
(a) (b)

friends - camping - brought - excited tents - cooked - enjoyed - together

(c)

hiking - top of the hill - camera - home
SAMPLE 9

Ravi — walking home — rushed—picked up—saw - hurt -
motorcyclist — hit - pet—Lassie took—home

Ravi — father — clinic— - later - well - played - Ravi -
veterinarian — treated - dog happy
Mahisham Mahmood
CONSTRUCTING SIMPLE SENTENCES
SAMPLE 1 – 2 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT VERB
Suzie cried
Dogs bark
A snake hisses

SAMPLE 2 – 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE
SUBJECT (Noun) VERB OBJECT (Noun)
Who/What (action words) Who/what
I am a girl
Samy enjoyed the show.
He visits his grandparents.
Encik Amin and are English teachers.
Puan Rokiah
Mahisham Mahmood
SAMPLE 3 – 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT (Noun) VERB ADJECTIVE
Who/What (action words) (how)
I am happy.
Mustapha is honest.
Siti Aisyah is young and beautiful.
Encik Amir and are very hardworking.
Puan Kartini
SAMPLE 4 – 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT (Noun) VERB PLACE
Who/What (action words) (Where)
My brother is going to school
He lives in Wakaf Bahru.
I went to the market.
They were swimming in the river.
Mahisham Mahmood
SAMPLE 5 – 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE
SUBJECT (Noun) VERB TIME
Who/What (action words) (When)
I come every day.
My parents went yesterday.
Atiqah dreamt last night.
The baby cried just now.

SAMPLE 6 – 4 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT VERB ADJECTIVE/ TIME
Who/What (action words) OBJECT/ PLACE (When)
They were at school yesterday.
He plays chess every afternoon.
I went to the office this morning.
They are cheerful today.
Mahisham Mahmood
WH - TECHNIQUE
6 1 2 3 4 5 6
When Who Action Words Who How Where When
What (Verbs) What
Which Which

Aini went to Bachok yesterday.
or
Yesterday Aini went to Bachok

PRONOUNS
VERB
ARTICLES

NOUN PARTS OF SPEECH QUANTIFIERS

ADJECTIVES
CONJUNCTIONS & ADVERBS
PREPOSITIONS
Mahisham Mahmood
GROUP OF WORDS FOR SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION
1. he, him, his, she, her, her, it, it, its, they, them their, we, us, our, I, me, my
SUBJECT VERB OBJECT NOUN

I me my friend
You you your parents
We us our house
They them their bicycles
He him his hobbies
She her her classroom
It it its tail

Examples : Examples :
I play with them every day. Salman is my friend.
She goes with him to the party. They came to our house.
We love them. Fahmi and Roslan found their bicycles.
You will buy it. The cat licked its tail.
Mahisham Mahmood
GROUP OF WORDS FOR SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

2. am, is, are, was, were, has, have, had, will, can, do, does, did
SUBJECT VERB

I am, was, have, had, will, can, do, did
You are, were, have, had, will, can, do, did
We
They
He is, was, has, had, will, can, does, did
She
It

Examples : Examples :
I am hungry. He is always late.
I was late yesterday She was early yesterday.
We have English every day. She has Science class today.
We can play after the class. It does not like milk.
Mahisham Mahmood
GROUP OF WORDS FOR SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

3. a, an, the, a few, a little, much, many, some, any, a lot of

4. in, on, under, near, to, from, for, with, by, in front of, beside,
next to, against,

5. and, but, so, because, when, until, before, after, since, if
6. likes, loves, enjoys, wants, helps, decided, used, + to/ ing
e.g. She loves to play badminton .
He enjoys swimming in the river.
They decided to join them for the party.
We used the rake to gather the dried leaves.
7. always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never

Mahisham Mahmood
AVOID THE FOLLOWING
COMMON ERRORS

Mahisham Mahmood
We ask he to show we the way.
WRONG RONOUNS
Mawar Flat is near ours school.
Her went with her parents.
She went to Taiping with his.
I and my family love local fruits.
MISSING VERBS

Salimah an honest girl.

The lady in pain.

You must helpful to the girls.

The dancers very beautiful.
Mahisham Mahmood
SUBJECT-VERB He have an idea.

The fruits is good.
AGREEMENT

He are going to Wakaf Bharu.

He were cycling home.

Her grandparents loves her.

At there we saw many animals.
PREPOSITIONS

You have a chance to visit to Sabah.

She thanked to Ahmad for his help.
He jumped in to the river.

Mahisham Mahmood
MODAL WORDS He can comes with you to my house.
At first I cannot saw the lions.

My father did not went with me.
She does not plays netball every afternoon.
Betty will writes the letter.

Use root words after
• infinitive - to
• Modal words do, does, did shall, should
will, would can, could may, might must

Mahisham Mahmood
DOUBLE VERBS
The lady was fell into the river.

We are must clean the drain every day.

Later he was crashed into the ditch.

There have many ways to become clever.
POOR STRUCTURES

I very like to listen to music.

There very many many people at concert.

They go picnic last week with teacher they.
Muthu was not go to school because he did not feeling well.

Mahisham Mahmood
QUESTION 1
 no stereotype: vary the sentence patterns
 describe the actions shown in relation to :a person to
another or to objects.
 use verbs and appropriate vocabulary

 DO NOT :
 use time phrase [Last month, Yesterday, Last
week]
 name of places not shown in the picture
 write baseless assumption or predict the outcomes

Mahisham Mahmood
QUESTION 2B
STATING YOUR REASONS PROPERLY
Example: price : no need to mention RM….
a. The price is cheap/expensive
is low/high/reasonable/affordable

b. The shirt is cheap/expensive

c. It is reasonably priced, so

I could afford to pay with my [saving or pocket money].
I don’t have any problem to [buy or get one] for ….
Mahisham Mahmood
VOCABULARY LIST

Mahisham Mahmood
Indoor
Places People Objects
kitchen man/men oven, cabinet, plate, knife, mouse
living room woman/women sofa, vase, television, table, cat
canteen child/children
food, bench, table, dustbin
boy/girl
restaurant food, menu, drink, table
pupil/student
shop customer/buyer sugar, rice, books, shoes, shirt
market hawker/butcher vegetables, fruits, fish, balance
stall teacher food, fruits, drinks, table
classroom librarian desks, chairs, blackboard, basket
library audience books, shelf, counter, table
hall stage, chairs, curtain
Mahisham Mahmood
Indoor

Places Verbs Objects
kitchen cook, wash, eat, cut plate, vegetables
living room sit, watch, sweep television, floor
canteen buy, queue, eat, stand, pay food, drink
restaurant cook, serve, eat, sit food, menu, drink
shop sell, buy, pick, weigh, wrap, pay sugar, rice, books
market sell, buy, weigh, stand vegetables, fruits
stall sell, buy, prepare, sit, stand food, fruits, drinks
classroom rub, write, teach, read, sit books, blackboard
library read, write, borrow, sit, stand books, magazines
hall sit, listen to, watch, stand, sing speech, songs
Mahisham Mahmood
Outdoor
Places People Objects
field people goal, ball, flags, tent, cows, goats
park player trees, bench, path, rocks, pond
garden visitor plants, flowers, butterflies, birds
playground family
swing, seesaw, slide, monkey bar
spectator
river, waterfall fishing rod, trees, rocks, fish, bushes
children
beach trees, sand, sandcastles, rocks
jungle trees, river, birds, tent, pots
orchard trees, fruits, poles, baskets, ladders
zoo animals, cage, trees, rocks, bushes
compound fence, hedge, tap, watering can, hose
Mahisham Mahmood
Outdoor
Places Verbs Objects
field play, watch, clap, run hands, game
park sit, jog, play, rest, watch, fly ball, kites
garden plant, pluck, hold, dig flowers, rake, soil
playground swing, play, run, climb ball, slide
river, waterfall fish, swim, bathe, play, dive
beach swim, build, bathe, play sandcastles, float
jungle camp, pitch, collect, cook, boil tent, firewood
orchard pluck, poke, pick, collect, climb fruits, trees
zoo climb, eat, perch, fly, visit trees, fruits
compound paint, sweep, water, wash fence, plants

Mahisham Mahmood
Question 1: Writing
Tasks

 To write grammatically correct
sentences.
 To use a picture stimulus to construct
sentences.

Mahisham Mahmood
Question 1: Writing Tips

 Describe; do not narrate.
 No linking or sequencing between sentences.
 May or may not use the words given.
 May use present, past, or continuous tense.
 May write simple, compound, or complex sentences.
 Do not exceed five sentences.

Mahisham Mahmood
Question 1: Strategies

 Look at the picture.
 Identify the place in the picture.
 Identify the people in the picture.
 Identify the actions in the picture.
 Identify the objects in the picture.
 Read the words given in the box.
 Identify the form of verbs.
Mahisham Mahmood
Identify the place in
the picture.
Identify the people in
the picture.
Identify the actions
in the picture.

Identify the objects in
the picture.
Read the words given in
the box.

Identify the form of
verbs
Mahisham Mahmood
A. Basic Sentence Patterns

1. This is a kitchen.
2. There are two children in the
kitchen.
3. There is a mouse in the kitchen.
4. The woman is on the chair.
5. The mouse is on the floor.

Mahisham Mahmood
B. Simple Sentence
Patterns

1. The woman is standing on the chair.
2. The mouse is eating some food.
3. The children are laughing at the
woman.
4. The boy is pointing to the woman.
5. The woman is afraid of the mouse.
Mahisham Mahmood
Mahisham Mahmood
Compound Sentence
Patterns
1. The children were laughing when they
saw the woman was standing on the
chair.
2. The woman stood on the chair because
there was a mouse in the kitchen.
3. She was frightened by the mouse causing
her to shout loudly.

Mahisham Mahmood
D. Complex Sentence
Patterns
1.The woman who stood on the chair,
shouted loudly and lifted her “sarung”
because she was frightened by the mouse.
2.The girl was looking at the tiny mouse
while the boy was pointing to the lady who
stood helplessly on the chair.
3.The woman wanted to prepare breakfast
but was frightened by a mouse in her
kitchen, so she stood on the chair and
shouted loudly. Mahisham Mahmood
Conjunctions
Conjunction can be used to join
sentences comprising different ideas
to form compound or complex
sentences.
and so
because when
but while
however who, which, that
since yet

Mahisham Mahmood
Question 2: Writing Tasks

 To transfer information.
 To choose an item.
 To give reasons for the choice
made.

Mahisham Mahmood
Question 2a: Strategies

 Look at the picture.
 Identify the items.
 Analyse the aspects of information.
 Copy the information into the boxes.
 Check for the spelling and punctuations.

Mahisham Mahmood
Question
2a

a. Identify the items
given.

b. Analyse the aspects
of information for
each item.

c. Copy the information
into the appropriate
boxes.

d. Check for the
punctuations,
spelling, notations
(RM, kg, cm,) etc.

Mahisham Mahmood
a. Identify the
items.
Punctuations/capitalizatio
n

Rm7.90
rm4.90
b. Identify
the floral batik
aspects of
the items.
sguare rectangle

c. Copy the
with
informatio twinkling
fancy
party hat
n into the lights
appropria foto with
te boxes. frame lights and
spelling muzik

d. Beware of the spelling and
punctuations (RM, kg, cm,) etc.
Mahisham Mahmood
Question 2b: Writing Tips

 Make a clear choice.
 Choose ONE item only.
 Give relevant reasons.
 No need to give reason for all aspects.
 May elaborate on one aspect only.
 Avoid confusing linking words.

Mahisham Mahmood
Sample Answer Card B Choice
(Weak) price RM5.90 floral design

decorated with twinkling lights shape rectangle

as a useful book mark.

Info (direct lifting) 1 mark

Mahisham Mahmood
Sample Answers
(Moderate)

Card B Choice
the price is RM5.90. It has a floral design. It
is decorated with twinkling lights. The shape
is rectangle. It is made as a useful book mark.

Information without any reason 2 marks
Choice
I would buy Card B because the price is very
reasonable. I have enough money to buy it. It is
decorated with twinkling lights. It is beautiful. It is also
rectangular in shape. It is suitable for my mother. And I
can make it as a useful book mark.

Information with a few simple reasons 3 marks
Mahisham Mahmood
Sample
Answer
(Advance)
Choice
Card B for my mother

it would be a nice gift for her as Mother’s Day
is just
R1: around the corner. The card is only RM5.90, which is very
R2: reasonable. Since the card has beautiful floral design, my
R3: mother would appreciate it very much. Moreover, the card is
R4: decorated with twinkling lights, which would definitely make
R5: her happy. As she is a bookworm, she could use the card as
a book mark. Based on the above mentioned reasons, I am
certain that it would be good choice to show her my love and
appreciation..

- Task: fulfilled (choice is made, reasons given)
- Language: confident
- Grammar: varieties of sentence structures
- Errors: hardly any
- Meaning: very clear and comprehensible
- Vocabulary: new words/interesting expressions 5
Mahisham Mahmood
marks
Question 3: Writing Tasks
a. To write a story based on picture and text stimuli.

Writing Tips
a. Look and study all the pictures given.

b. Develop the story line.

c. Read and understand the notes given.

d. Organise the writings into a few paragraphs.

e. Add new words .

f. Check for spelling and punctuation.
Mahisham Mahmood
Question 3: Writing Tips

a. Notes may or may not be used.

b. Words may be replaced with similar meaning
words.

c. Word order may be changed.

d. Tenses and word forms may be changed
contextually.
e. Introduction, closing, and paragraphing are not a
must.

Mahisham Mahmood
UPSR ENGLISH PAPER
2006

Mahisham Mahmood
Sample Answer for Question 3

Mak Limah, who rear geese, [lives
at a village in the heart of the city.]

One windy night, Mak Limah forgot
to closed one of the windows in her
house. As she was sleeping, a burglar
climbed the window and entered her
woodeen house.
sp

Mahisham Mahmood
He stole Mak Limah’s expensive
jewelleries. After stealing, he went out of
the house. Suddenly, he saw Mak Limah’s
geese approached him. He was running as
fast as deer when he realized that the
geese chase him. But, it was too late. The
geese pecked him.
Mak Limah woke up when she heard the
loud noise. She went out of her house and
R
saw the burglar. The burglar could not
manage to steal her expensive jewelleries.

Mahisham Mahmood
Her jewelleries were safe. Mak
Limah was proud of her geese. She was
very happy because the geese had helped
her. So she fed them.

It was a memorable day for Mak
Limah in her life.

Remarks: Symbols :
- Meaning: clear = single word error
- Language: proficient = irrelevant idea
- Smooth flow of story
- Vocab: new words s = spelling
p
- Grammar: varieties of sentence structures = new words/merit
- Errors: few single word, grammatical, spelling. = structural
10
Mahisham Mahmood
marks
SHEER HARD WORK,
TREMENDOUS EFFORT
AND
SMART LEARNING
WILL
DETERMINE YOUR
SUCCESS.

MAY ALLAH BLESS YOU
THANK YOU
Mahisham Mahmood