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# Mass and acceleration

Mass of trolley 1 kg Interrupt card 20 cm long goes thro

mass added / kg total mass / kg acceleration cm / s2

0 1 50

0.2 1.2 42

0.4 1.4 35

0.6 1.6 31

0.8 1.8 28
1 2 25

The acceleration of the trolley is worked out by the datalogger measuuring the time for the trolley Mask to pass throu

Acceleration = change in velocity / time Time = time between card going through each

[ Velocity 1 = 20 cm / time to pass through first gate measure by datal
Change in velocity = difference between [
[ Velocity 2 = 20 cm / time to pass through second gate measure by d
Interrupt card 20 cm long goes through light gate

me for the trolley Mask to pass through each gate

me between card going through each gate

s through first gate measure by datalogger

s through second gate measure by datalogger
60

50

40
Acceleration cm/s2

30

20

10

0
0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2
Total mass / kg
1.8 2 2.2
55

50

45
Acceleration cm/s2

40

35

30

25

20
1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2
Total mass / kg
8 2 2.2
mass added / acceleration mass x
total mass / kg
kg cm / s2 acceleration
0 1 50 50.0

0.2 1.2 42 50.4

0.4 1.4 35 49.0

0.6 1.6 31 49.6

0.8 1.8 28 50.4

1 2 25 50.0

OR
mass added / acceleration 1 / mass 1.20
total mass / kg
kg cm / s2 /kg
0 1 50 1.00
0.2 1.2 42 0.83 1.00
0.4 1.4 35 0.71
0.6 1.6 31 0.63
0.80
0.8 1.8 28 0.56 1/mass // /kg
1 2 25 0.50
0.60

Straight line so acceleration is proportional to 1/mass
0.40
Therefore acceleration x mass is a constant (force)
0.20

0.00
20 25 30 35 40
Acceleration / cm/s
Mass times acceleration is constant within experimental error

1.20

1.00

0.80
1/mass // /kg

0.60

0.40

0.20

0.00
20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
Acceleration / cm/s2