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Ewing Christian Institute of Management and Technology


presented by
Anushree Malviya
mca 5 sem
 Cloud: cloud is one of the most important icon of the computer network we use a
cloud which denoting a type of network whether is a

 point to point network.

 Multipoint network.
 switching network.

 Computing: Computing is usually defined as the activity of using and developing

computer technology.

 Cloud computing: Cloud computing is the provision of dynamically scalable and

often virtualized resources as a services over the internet Users need not have
knowledge of, expertise in, or control over the technology infrastructure in the
"cloud" that supports them. Cloud computing represents a major change in how we
store information and run applications. Instead of hosting apps and data on an
individual desktop computer, everything is hosted in the "cloud"—an assemblage of
computers and servers accessed via the Internet.
 Cloud computing services often provide common business application online that are
accessed from a web browser, while the software and data are stored on the
 The term cloud is used as a metaphor for the Internet
 The Cloud is a term that borrows from telephony Up to the 1990s, data circuits
(including those that carried Internet traffic) were hard-wired between destinations.
Subsequently, long-haul telephone companies began offering virtual private network
(VPN) service for data communication.
 The term cloud had already come into commercial use in the early 1990s to refer to
large Asynchronous transfer network (ATM) networks. By the turn of the 21st
century, the term "cloud computing" began to appear more widely.
Advantages of cloud computing
 Lower computer cost.
 Improve performance.
 Reduce software cost.
 Instance software updates.
 Improved document format compatibility.
 Unlimited storage capability.
 Increase data reliability.
 Universal document access.
 Latest version availability.
 Easier group collaboration.
 Device independence.
Comparison with other computing
 Grid computing

 Utility computing

 Automatic computing
Component of cloud computing
 Cloud client
 Cloud services
 Cloud application
 Cloud platform
 Cloud infrastructure
Cloud services

 Software as a services

 Platform as a services

 Infrastructure as a services
Cloud providers
SaaS providers
Run on top of underlying
cloud infrastructure platforms
CRM, ERP, VoIP, BI, supply chain
PaaS providers
ERP,DB,XML files, flat files,web
on-demand apps, SaaS hoster, API’s,
load balancing, DNS configuration,
IaaS providers
Proxy for buying servers, software,
data center space or network equipment
Pay for memory, bandwidth, storage
Remote desktop applications
Run on top of underlying
cloud infrastructure platforms

Web 2.0
interconnectivity and interactivity of
web-delivered content
New Services exploiting underlying
Grid has many definitions
Network of computing clusters
Resources used in parallel
as a virtual super-processor
Types of cloud computing

 Public cloud

 Hybrid cloud

 Private cloud
It provides green open cloud
Architecture of cloud computing
Cloud architecture the systems architecture of
the software systems involved in the delivery
of cloud computing, comprises hardware and
software designed by a cloud architect who
typically works for a cloud integrator. It
typically involves multiple cloud components
communicating with each other over
application programming interfaces, usually
web services.

Individual users connect to the cloud from

their own personal computers or portable
devices, over the Internet. To these individual
users, the cloud is seen as a single application,
device, or document. The hardware in the cloud
(and the operating system that manages the
hardware connections) is invisible.

 Cloud services
 Cloud platform
 Cloud infrastructure
 Cloud storage
Research and development
 Akamai cloud computing
 Vmword 2009
 How stuff provide cloud computing
 Sales force provide seven standard
 Azure and force. com
 Amazon web services
 Why cloud computing is distinct.—
 User centric interface
 On demand service provision.
 Qos guarantee offer.
 An autonomous system.
 Scalability and flexibility
 In 2008 IEEE conference are organized on web services held in Beijing
include a panel
“Cloud computing and it as a services”.
 To illustrate the definition to form a three layer architecture. (saas,paas, iaas).
 Function aspect –Hardware as services,Data as services.
 Enabling technology behind
 Virtualization technology.
 Web services and SOA enable services.
 Some strategies-
 Microsoft-software plus services
 IBM-transform through customer implementation.
 Cisco involving interoperability.
Review and suggestion
 Cloud computing still has to exist
on physical servers .
 Problem for users:
It does leave responsibility of data storage and control in the hands of
the provider. Cloud computing has been criticized for limiting the
freedom of users and making them dependent on the cloud computing

 Solution:
The majority of cloud computing infrastructure, as of 2009, consists of
reliable services delivered through data centers and built on servers
with different levels of virtualization technologies. The services are
accessible anywhere that provides access to networking infrastructure.
Changing the way IT resources are consumed

 In coordination with large technology partners, standards

bodies and cloud services providers, VMware’s leading
technology platform, VMware vSphere, enables you to
transform your datacenter into an internal cloud – a pool of
virtualized resources within a datacenter – and seamlessly
leverage external cloud providers within the private cloud.
Cloud computing represents a major change in how we store information
and run applications. Instead of hosting apps and data on an individual
desktop computer, everything is hosted in the "cloud"—an assemblage
of computers and servers accessed via the Internet. Cloud computing
lets you access all your applications and documents from anywhere in
the world, freeing you from the confines of the desktop and facilitating
wholesale group collaboration.
 Hence it provide a new kind of computing platform.
 Its is a heavy deal over distributed and utility computing.
 Cloud computing provide enormous impact over internet .
 It gives us a new application programming model
 Thus cloud computing provide a super-computing
power .This cloud of computers extends beyond a single
company or enterprise. The applications and data served
by the cloud are available to broad group of users, cross-
enterprise and cross-platform.
Gruman, Galen (2008-04-07). "What cloud computing really means". InfoWorld. Retrieved
 · ^ Distinguishing Cloud Computing from Utility Computing
 · Intelligence in an Information Protected World' , by Aaron Kalvani.> The Internet Cloud
 · ^ a b Cloud Computing Definition, National Insitute of Standards and Technology, Version 15
 · ^ "It's probable that you’ve misunderstood 'Cloud Computing' until now". TechPluto. http://
 · ^ What's In A Name? Utility vs. Cloud vs Grid
 · ^ I.B.M. to Push ‘Cloud Computing,’ Using Data From Afar
 · Issue 1 (January 2009), Pages 50–55, ISSN:0146-4833
 · Jones, M. Tim, Cloud Computing with Linux from IBM DeveloperWorks (2008-09-10).
 · Chappell, David (August 2008) (PDF). A Short Introduction to Cloud Platforms. David Chappell
Associates. Retrieved 2008-08-20.