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Project Team

1. P. Prathibha - 12005105046
2. S. Priyadarshini - 12005105047
3. S. Yuvarekha - 12005105068

Project Guide
Mrs. G. Angalaparameswari (ME)
Senior Lecturer / EEE
Objective of the project
• To model a Static Synchronous
Compensator (STATCOM) using
MATLAB SIMULINK for Reactive
Power Compensation and to test the
output for IEEE 6 bus test system.
Flexible AC Transmission
System
• A Flexible Alternating Current
Transmission System (FACTS) is an
alternating current transmission system
incorporating power electronic based and
other static Controllers to enhance
controllability and increase power transfer
capability.
Need for FACTS Devices
• Increases system security
• Control power so that it flows on the desired routes
• Increase loading capacity of transmission lines
• Prevent blackouts
• Improve generation productivity
• Effective use of upgrading / uprating
General Classification of FACTS

FACTS

Series Shunt Series – Shunt
Series – Series
UPFC IPFC
STATCOM

• A shunt-connected reactive-power
compensation device that is capable
of generating and/ or absorbing
reactive power.
• The output can be varied to control
the specific parameters of an electric
power system.
STATCOM - Single Line Diagram
Principle of operation
Advantages of STATCOM
• Dynamic voltage control in transmission and
distribution system.
• Reactive power can be varied.
• Quicker response.
• No switching Transient.
• Improvement in system stability.
INVERTER SUBSYSTEM

Pulse Gen 1 Pulse Gen 4

D
g

g
D
Mosfet M1 Mosfet M4

S
R

S
C
P1
1
+
- v
P2
2 Scope 1

Pulse Gen 3 Pulse Gen 2
g
D

g
D
DC
Mosfet M3 Mosfet M2
S

S
LINE WITHOUT COMPENSATION
Discrete ,
Ts = 5e-005 s
powergui
S1

Active & Reactive
Power

+ -i
I
Breaker PQ
C2 V
Active & Reactive Scope 2
S
Power 1

+ -i
I
PQ
V
C1
Scope 4
Load 1 +v
-
v Scope 1

+
Load 2 - v
AC v1 Scope 3
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR
VOLTAGE ACROSS LOAD 1
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR
VOLTAGE ACROSS LOAD 2
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 1
Active Power (watt)

Reactive Power

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 2
Active Power (watt)

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
LINE WITH COMPENSATION
Discrete , STATCOM
Ts = 5e-005 s
powergui
P2 P1
1

L
B2
2

S1

Active & Reactive
Power 1
c1
+ -i
I
PQ
B1
Active & Reactive V
Power Scope 4
c
+ i
S I
- PQ
V
Scope 3
+
- v
Load 1
+v v Scope 1
Load 2 -
v1 Scope 2
AC
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR
VOLTAGE ACROSS LOAD 1
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR
VOLTAGE ACROSS LOAD 2
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 1
Active Power (watt)

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 2
Active Power (watt)

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
COMPARISON

CONDITION REAL POWER REACTIVE POWER VOLTAGE
(kW) (VAR) (kV)

WITHOUT STATCOM 17.93 37.55 2.794

WITH STATCOM 27.74 58.10 2.916
IEEE SIX BUS TEST SYSTEM
WITHOUT COMPENSATION
Discrete ,
Ts = 5e-005 s
powergui
S1 S2

AC 3 AC 1
S6
S3 S7
Active & Reactive
Power 1
S4 S5 c1
+ i
I
- PQ
V
Scope 4
AC 2 B1
Active & Reactive
Power
c
Load 1 +
+ i - v
I
- PQ
V V1 Scope 1
Scope 3
AC 4
+
- v
Load 2
V2 Scope 2
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR
VOLTAGE ACROSS LOAD 1
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR
VOLTAGE ACROSS LOAD 2
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 1
Active Power (watt)

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 2
Active Power (watt)

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
IEEE SIX BUS TEST
SYSTEM WITH
Discrete ,
Ts = 5e-005 s
powergui
COMPENSATION
S1 S2

AC 3 AC 1
S6
S3 S7
Active & Reactive
Power 1
S4 S5 c1
+ -i
I
PQ
V
Scope 4
AC 2 B1
B Active & Reactive
Power
c
Load 1 +v
+ -i
I
-
PQ
V1
2

V Scope 1
Scope 3
AC 4
1

+v
-
Load 2
V2 Scope 2
P P1

STATCOM
SIMULATION OUTPUT
FOR VOLTAGE ACROSS
LOAD 1
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT
FOR VOLTAGE ACROSS
LOAD 2
Voltage (V)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 1
Active Power (watt)

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
SIMULATION OUTPUT FOR REAL
AND REACTIVE POWER ACROSS
LOAD 2
Active Power (watt)

Time (sec)
Reactive Power (var)

Time (sec)
COMPARISON

CONDITION REAL POWER REACTIVE POWER VOLTAGE
(MW) (kVAR) (kV)

WITHOUT STATCOM 0.15 5.29 6.268

WITH STATCOM 0.21 7.62 6.326
REFERENCES
• Edris .A, Adapa.A, Baker.M.H., Bohmann.L, Clark.K, Habashi.K,
Gyugyi.L, Lemay.J, Mehraban.A, Myers.A.K, Reeve.J, Sener.F,
Torgerson.D.R, Wood.R.R, “Proposed Terms and Definitions for
Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS)”, IEEE Transactions on
Power Delivery, Vol. 12, No. 4, October 1997.
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=00634216
• Enrique Acha, Claudio R. Fuerte – Esquivel, Hugo Ambriz – Perez,
Cesar Angeles – Camacho “FACTS – Modelling and Simulation in
Power Networks”, A John Wiley & Sons Inc. Publication ISBN: 0-
470-85271-2
• Mohan Mathur. R, Rajiv K. Varma “Thyristor – Based FACTS
Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems”, IEEE Press, A
John Wiley & Sons Inc. Publication ISBN: 0-471-20643-1
REFERENCES

• Narain G. Hingorani, Laszlo Gyugyi, IEEE Press,
“Understanding FACTS: Concept and Technology of
Flexible AC Transmission System”, IEEE Order No. PC5713
• Noroozian.M, SMIEEE, Taylor.C.W., Fellow IEEE, “Benefits of
SVC and STATCOM for Electric Utility Application”
• Padiyar .K.R., “FACTS Controllers in Power Transmission
and Distribution”, New Age International Publishers ISBN:
978–81–224–2142–2
• Whitepapers from www.scholar.google.com
• Xiao-Ping Zhang, Christian Rehtanz, Bikash Pal, “Flexible AC
Transmission Systems: Modelling and Control”, Springer, March
2006. ISBN 978-3-540-30606-1. http://www.springer.com/3-540-
30606-4
Thank You!!!