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Electronics

NEW
prior to the compilation step. In this way AUTOSAR also
addresses some principal aspects of the former
mentioned problems of hardware abstraction but does
not offer any solution for the recovery from failures that
are subject to hardware or software errors.

Automotive Microcontrollers
AUTOSAR lacks two principal requirements needed to
build self-configuring and self-healing embedded
systems: (1) AUTOSAR does not support a dynamic
reconfiguration of the system at runtime and (2) the
software components of AUTOSAR are bound to the
microcontrollers as defined during the design cycle.

The problems related to a rising complexity are well
known from other areas of computer science. Paul Horn, Figure 1: AUTOSAR architecture overview [5]
vice-president of IBM Research, postulated in 2001 a
new self-management paradigm for future server

Volume 2
OSEK Operating System [3] was a first step to build a
systems, the Autonomic Computing [18]. About the common platform for the development of embedded
same time the Organic Computing initiative [19] defined systems for the automotive industry and to guarantee
similar self-organization requirements for the next the interoperability of the assembled parts of different
generation of distributed embedded systems. Both have suppliers. The automotive manufacturers want to add
in common that they describe the need for new systems more and more functionality into the car but they cannot
to adopt life-like attributes, in particular self- afford to add an extra black box for every functional unit
configuration, self-optimization, self-healing, and self- they get from a supplier. As a consequence functional
organisation. unit that are purely software based need to fit into an
architecture that can map software components to

By Ronald K. Jurgen
In this paper we propose a middleware approach to add different microcontrollers. AUTOSAR [4,5] is supposed
self-configuration and self-healing capabilities to a to facilitate this intention by introducing additional
system based on AUTOSAR. Two major changes in the hardware abstractions and clear interfaces. In the
design of embedded automotive systems are supposed. following a short overview of the AUTOSAR architecture
First, the current design of black boxes containing the and the design flow is given.
parts (sensors, actuators, microcontroller, and software)
required for a function must be sallied out. Second the ARCHITECTURE
software must be comprised of services instead of
monolithic blocks. Together both requirements build the

This book contains 49 papers covering eight years
The AUTOSAR architecture defines a middleware
basis for a distributed and highly flexible hardware and system for automotive applications. It will replace OSEK-
software architecture. OS in the future. The overall architecture is shown in
figure 1. The topmost layer is the application layer where
The paper is structured as follows: the next section gives the software components (SW-C) run within the
an overview of AUTOSAR as far as it is necessary for AUTOSAR Runtime Environment (RTE), which
the understanding of the general architecture. implements the Virtual Functional Bus (VFB). The

(2000-2007) of research on automotive microcontrollers,
Afterwards the proposed architecture of the Organic interfaces of the software components have to be
Middleware is described as well as the self-configuration specified by the definition language of AUTOSAR. The
and the self-healing mechanisms. Evaluations of our AUTOSAR Interface is the connection to the RTE from
simulation environment will show the results gained from both, the upper and the lower layer.
different setups. Related work is discussed in the
homonymous section. The paper closes with a The VFB defines the communication pattern used in
conclusion and a description of future work. AUTOSAR. All communication is supposed to be

providing a look at innovative design trends and the
asynchronous, which means that the sender of a
AUTOSAR OVERVIEW message doesn’t block program execution even if the
component expects a response. The VFB assigns a port
The immense increase of embedded systems in to every component such that they can be uniquely
automobiles raises new challenges in terms of identified. The VFB allows the client-server pattern for
interoperability and interconnection. Many functions, the communication of two components as well as a
especially those concerning driver assistance, comfort, multicast sender-receiver-pattern enabling more than

latest applications.
and multimedia functions need microcontrollers for one component to receive a message.
complex calculations and control. Currently most of the
suppliers deliver their functional units as a black box to Below the RTE the basic software consists of an
hide the implementation details and to secure their operating system, services, a communication part,
knowledge. special device drivers, the ECU (Electronic Control Unit)
abstraction, and the microcontroller abstraction. The
operating system is based on OSEK OS. The services
4

Topics covered include:
provide functions like diagnostic protocol, NVRAM, flash so-called Universal Binaries (UB) known from Mac OS X
and ram memory management. The communication part where an executable comprises the binaries for PPC
offers functions for the I/O and network management. and Intel CPUs. If not too many different microcontrollers
The ECU and the microcontroller abstraction hide the are used in one system the UB approach is preferable
real hardware from the software to build hardware because the implementation of a VM needs much more
independent software components. The complex device effort and must be adapted to every new microcontroller.
driver can add additional interfaces for microcontroller Nevertheless, both approaches allow the transfer of

• Microcontroller Design Concepts
specific functionality. The ECU hardware is on the lowest services from one node to another without the need for a
level, which comprises sensors, actuators, and recompilation.
microcontrollers.
A third requirement of the organic middleware is the
DESIGN FLOW need to split the black boxes into their basic parts like
sensors, actuators and microcontrollers, which execute
AUTOSAR does not only define an architecture and the services (software components). To gain the self-

• Microcontroller Networking
interfaces but also a design flow that specifies how configuration and the self-healing capabilities an
software, given as software components (SW-C), should additional monitoring is needed to collect runtime
be mapped to the ECUs during the development cycle. information about the system and the services.
Beside the interface definition of the SW-Cs a system
configuration is required, which contains the descriptions In the remainder of this section we explain the
of the ECUs and constraints that must be satisfied. architecture of the organic middleware, give a brief

• System Testing/Diagnosis
During the design cycle the engineer maps the SW-Cs to overview of our configuration description, and introduce
the available ECUs such that the constraints in the our metrics used to calculate the Quality of Service.
system configuration are met. At the end an executable Afterwards we describe the self-configuration and the
object of the software component is generated. self-healing mechanisms in detail.

The idea of SW-Cs and the mapping to ECUs is a crucial ARCHITECTURE

• Implementation Examples
point both in AUTOSAR and our proposed organic
middleware. The difference is that AUTOSAR defines a The architecture of the organic middleware for
static mapping at design time while the organic automotive applications is the combination of the
middleware maps the SW-Cs – called services in the Organic Ubiquitous Middleware OC and the AUTOSAR
middleware – to the nodes as required during the initial architecture. The architecture of one node is shown in
configuration and at runtime. figure 2. The main parts are identical to the AUTOSAR
architecture: the ECU as basis of the node, the
ORGANIC MIDDLEWARE FOR AUTOMOTIVE microcontroller abstraction for the runtime environment,
APPLICATIONS and the communication driver for the network

ISBN: 978-0-7680-2067-0, 456 pp., Casebound 2008.
communication. Every node is attached to the network
The organic middleware for automotive applications is via a bus. The bus can be one of the currently used
the outcome of a consequent feature improvement busses like CAN, MOST, FlexRay, etc.
introduced by AUTOSAR. The architectural approach is
based on the results of the investigations of the Organic The major differences to AUTOSAR are the runtime
Ubiquitous Middleware called AMUN or OC [6,7]. environment, which is identical on every node in term of

$71.96 (SAE Member)
AUTOSAR introduces descriptions for the hardware as
Figure 3: Network of nodes, sensors, and actuators
well as for the software components. The overall system
is described with constraints that must be met. The
the execution environment and the integration of the <actuator id="windowlift_back_left" descriptions of single ECUs can be extracted from the
name="windowlift" system description to find a suitable mapping of the SW-
self-x services. Figure 3 shows a network with controller, class="de.uau.sik.actuator.impl.WindowLift">
sensor and actuator nodes, which are connected via a <resource name="motor"> Cs to the ECUs at design time. We extend this
bus. The architecture is the same for all nodes of the <value name="speed" unit="rotation/s">5</value>mechanism to work also at runtime. It should be possible
network. They differ in the kind and amount of services <value name="lifting_force" unit="gramm"> to transfer software components or services between the

$89.95 (Nonmember)
500</value>
and the computational power they offer. Controller nodes </resource> ECUs or nodes at runtime. This feature builds the basis
offer more CPU power to host services while sensors </actuator> for the self-configuration and self-healing mechanism of
and actuators are limited to their special functions. This the organic middleware.
approach has the advantage that the same hardware A service and the possible dependencies can be defined
components for the communication infrastructure can be as follows: The Runtime Environment of AUTOSAR adds an
used for all nodes. Thus they can be manufactured <service id="window_lifters" amount="1" abstraction layer to the middleware and defines the
much cheaper due to huge amounts and the name="WindowLiftSystem" priority="2" communication mechanism. Additionally the organic
class="de.uau.sik.service.impl.WindowLift"> middleware assumes a common runtime environment on

Product Code: PT-137
communication driver of the nodes must be implemented
only once. <resource name="cpu"> all nodes. This concept is known from Java with its
<value name="frequency" virtual machine (VM) where a Java program can run on
The communication pattern used in AUTOSAR is
unit="quantiSpeed">10</value> every computer that provides such a runtime Figure 2: Architecture of an Organic Middleware node
</resource>
identical with the one used in the Organic Ubiquitous <resource name="ram">
environment. Another possible approach is the usage of
Middleware OC [6,7] except that the latter one offers <value name="size" unit="kB">512</value> 5
</resource>
more flexibility in the way messages can be delivered <resource name="programSize">
between the services. <value name="size" unit="kB">100</value>
</resource>
CONFIGURATION DESCRIPTION <dependency type="actuator" amount="1"
priority="1">windowlift_back_left
The design cycle of AUTOSAR defines some </dependency>
...
configuration files needed to map the SW-Cs to the <dependency type="sensor" amount="4"
ECUs. The organic middleware also defines two priority="1">push_button
configuration files, one for the services of the </dependency>
applications and one for every node. The configuration <dependency type="service"
priority="1">aircondition
file of a node describes the available resources and the </dependency>
attached sensors or actuators. The configuration file of </service>
the application describes the resource requirements of
the services and dependencies, which describe the METRICS
requirements of a service in form of other services,
sensors, or actuators. The configuration descriptions are The self-configuration and the self-healing try to find a
given in XML and can be easily extended to meet new distribution of the services to the available nodes such
requirements. A detailed description of the configuration that the overall resource utilization is as good as
description language and the XML-schema can be found possible, i.e. that the resources are consumed equally
in [11]. In the following an example for the definition of on all nodes of the network. Therefore a metrics is
an actuator is shown. defined to calculate a Quality of Service (QoS).

6

NEW X-By-Wire
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Automotive Systems
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By Ronald K. Jurgen
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This book contains 46 papers covering the past ten
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systems, looking at the challenges faced by design
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engineers as traditional hydraulic or mechanical linkages
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are replaced by electronic control systems. The book
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also includes editor Ronald K. Jurgen’s introduction
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“Replacing Hydraulics and Mechanics with Electronics”
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and a concluding section on future trends in X-By-Wire
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systems.
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Topics covered include:
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• Architecture and Software Considerations
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• Brake-By-Wire Systems
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• Steer-By-Wire Systems
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5
Electronics
Infotainment Systems Multiplexed Networks
By Ronald K. Jurgen for Embedded
This book contains 89 papers covering eight
years (2000-2007) of engineering developments
related to infotainment systems.
Systems
Subjects covered include:
CAN, LIN, FlexRay,
• Enabling Technologies Safe-by-Wire...
• Software By Dominique Paret
• Communications
• Voice recognition A comprehensive introduction to automotive
• Speech Synthesis multiplexed network buses, covering
• Displays, Radio Systems the technical principles, components,
• Driver Assistance Systems implementation issues, and applications
• and more of numerous systems. A valuable guide
to embedded systems for a wide range of
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1943-8, 742 pp., Casebound 2007. applications, this book features thorough
coverage of:
$71.96 (SAE Member) • Controller Area Network (CAN)
$89.95 (Nonmember) • Local Interconnect Network (LIN)
• Time-Triggered CAN (TTCAN)
Product Code: PT-135 • FlexRay
• and more
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1938-4, 434 pp., Casebound 2007.

$119.96 (SAE Member)
$149.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: R-385

Distributed Automotive
Automotive Microcontrollers
Embedded Systems By Ronald K. Jurgen
The early uses of microprocessors and
By Ronald K. Jurgen microcontrollers to control emissions and fuel
This book contains 88 papers covering seven economy have now been supplemented by
years (2001-2007) of research on the varying applications in braking, transmissions, displays,
aspects of distributed embedded systems. body control, radios, navigation systems, cruise
Topics covered include: control and more. The 50 papers in this book
• Controller Design/Development cover the changes that have taken place from
• Software Design/Development 1988 to 1998.
• Communication Networks/Systems Sections Cover:
• Model-Based Hardware/Software/Network • Microcontroller Design Considerations
Developments • Microcontroller Communications
• System Testing/Diagnostics • Microcontroller Applications
• Implementation Examples
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0396-3, 500 pp., Hardbound 1998.
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1966-7, 782 pp., Casebound 2007.
$15.99 (SAE Member)
$71.96 (SAE Member) $19.99 (Nonmember)
$89.95 (Nonmember) Product Code: PT-75
Product Code: PT-136

6
Electronics
42 Volt Systems Electronic Control
Technology Implications for Systems
the Automotive Industry By Ross Bannatyne
By Daniel J. Holt Written by a leading expert on the topic of
This report addresses the technical challenges electronics, this report describes the evolution
engineers must face, including the issues of of electronic control systems and examines
storage devices, generation of the 42 volts, and the recent growth experienced in the four main
distribution of power. It contains information on system categories - safety and convenience,
all of the critical aspects related to the adoption powertrain, body controls, and entertainment
of this technology, and concludes that “the car and communications.
twenty years from now may be totally different Chapters include:
than the one available today.” • Types of Electronic Control Systems
Chapters Include: • Technologies
• Why 42 Volts? • Vehicular Networks
• Possible Architechtures • and more
• Emerging Technologies
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0984-2, 88 pp., Softbound 2003.
• and more
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0709-1, 70 pp., Softbound 2000. $159.00 (SAE Member)
$79.99 (SAE Member) $199.00 (Nonmember)
Product Code: T-107
$99.99 (Nonmember)
Product Code: RR-008

Electric Steering Automotive
A Revolution in Steering Telematics
Technology By Axel Fuchs
By Daniel J. Holt This report discusses automotive telematics
This report profiles the ongoing development from a technical perspective, with reference
and unlimited potential of electric steering to the business model and to the value for the
technology - a cutting-edge innovation expected user. The three main entities of the end-to-end
to fundamentally change the way automobiles system framework of telematics are discussed;
are designed, produced, and marketed. It in-vehicle system, infrastructure, and service
provides a concise overview of how the electric center with its voice and data portal.
steering system actually works, as well as the Chapters include:
technical hurdles facing its future development. • Value Chain and Business Model
Chapters Include: • Telematics System View
• Steering Basics • Enabling Technologies
• Electronic Steering • Services and Applications
• The Market Drivers • Telematics Products
• The Future
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0976-7, 116 pp., Softbound 2002.
• and more
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0919-4, 58 pp., Softbound 2001. $79.20 (SAE Member)
$159.00 (SAE Member) $99.00 (Nonmember)
Product Code: T-105
$199.00 (Nonmember)
Product Code: T-103

7
Electronics
Vehicle Thermal Sensors and
Management: Heat Transducers
Exchangers and Second Edition
By Ronald K. Jurgen
Climate Control The editor offers an informative introduction
By Gursaran D. Mathur clearly explaining the overall format and layout
This book presents 45 of the most relevant of the book that groups 105 technical papers by
technical papers focusing on the need to provide the parameters they measure, rather than their
customers the level of comfort they demand in corresponding applications.
an energy-efficient manner. Groupings include:
Chapters include: • Sensors and their Applications
• Heating and Air Conditioning • Modern Sensor Technologies
• Engine Cooling • A Look to the Future
• Underhood Thermal Environment ISBN: 978-0-7680-1299-6, 736 pp., Casebound 2003.
• Heat Transfer in Engines
• Heat Exchangers $55.99 (SAE Member)
• New Technologies
$69.99 (Nonmember)
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1445-7, 420 pp., Softbound 2004. Product Code: PT-105
$79.96 (SAE Member)
$99.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: PT-97

Electronic Engine Table of Contents
Control Technologies Expanded information about the books published and
distributed by SAE is now available on the SAE website.
2nd Edition
It’s easy. By clicking the “View the Table of Contents”
By Ronald K. Jurgen link on a book’s web page, users can view a low-
This book containing 99 technical papers closely resolution PDF detailing the book’s contents.
examines the many areas surrounding electronic
engine control technologies. For details on any book available from SAE,
visit store.sae.org
Chapters cover:
• Fuel Injection Controls
• Electronic Throttle Controls
• Torque-Based Engine Controls
• Ignition Controls
• Combustion Controls
• and more
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1339-9, 768 pp., Softbound 2004.

$71.96 (SAE Member)
$89.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: PT-110

8
Electronics
Multiplexing and Multiplexing and
Networking Networking
Volume 2 By Ronald K. Jurgen
By Ronald K. Jurgen The 70 papers included in this book address the
many concerns associated with designing and
This book contains 63 papers covering six years choosing an electronic network including: media
of research from 2000-2005 on multiplexing and bandwith, electromagnetic (EMC) compatability,
networking trends and technology. Following an fault tolerance, serviceability, environmental
introduction - Multiplexing and Networking on requirements, network architecture, and cost.
the Rise - by the editor, papers are organized in
five categories: Topics covered include:
• Multiplexing and Networking Systems • Multiplexing
• Protocols • Networking Considerations
• Gateways and Middleware • Protocols
• Network/Protocol Testing • The Next Generation Vehicle Architecture
• Viewpoints on Future Trends ISBN: 978-0-7680-0472-4, 664 pp., Hardbound 1999.
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1715-1, 480 pp., Casebound 2006.
$39.99 (SAE Member)
$47.99 (SAE Member) $49.99 (Nonmember)
$59.99 (Nonmember) Product Code: PT-78
Product Code: PT-128

Object Detection, Electronic Braking,
Collision Warning and Traction, and Stability
Avoidance Systems Controls
Volume 2 Volume 2
By Ronald K. Jurgen By Ronald K. Jurgen
This book contains 51 papers covering the This book contains 80 papers covering six years
eight years (1999-2006) of research on object of research from 2000-2005 on advances in
detection, collision warning, and collision electronic braking systems including:
avoidance. • Brake-by-wire and Antilock Braking Systems
Topics covered include: • Traction Control Systems (TCS, ASR)
• Parking Aids • Stability Control Systems (VDC)
• Target Tracking with Cameras ISBN: 978-0-7680-1786-1, 656 pp., Casebound 2006.
• Sensor Combinations
• Blind Spot Detection $71.96 (SAE Member)
• Imager Chips
• and more $89.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: PT-129
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1810-3, 432 pp., Casebound 2007.

$71.96 (SAE Member)
$89.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: PT-133

9
Electronics
Adaptive Cruise Finite Element
Control Analysis for Design
By Ronald K. Jurgen Engineers
This book contains 63 papers covering 11 years
of research (1996-2006) on the progress and By Paul M. Kurowski
challenges in the design of Adaptive Cruise Turn FEA into a productivity tool that will help to
Control (ACC) systems and components. avoid costly and potentially dangerous mistakes.
Subjects covered include: This book provides an understanding of FEA
• ACC sensors overview fundamentals, explained through simple and
• Hybrid ACC systems intuitive examples. Readers can try all discussed
• Interactive cruise control topics by solving downloadable exercises
• Predictive safety systems using either their own FEA software or the
• Brake actuation commercial FEA software StressCheck®.
• Miscellaneous ACC sensors Chapters include:
• and more • From CAD Model to Finite Element Analysis
Results
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1792-2, 488 pp., Casebound 2006. • Modeling Process
• Types of Finite Element Analysis
$71.96 (SAE Member) • Design Optimization
$89.95 (Nonmember) • and more
Product Code: PT-132 ISBN: 978-0-7680-1140-1, 212 pp., Casebound 2004.

$39.99 (SAE Member)
$49.99 (Nonmember)
Product Code: R-349

The Multibody Automotive
Systems Approach to Electronics Reliability
Vehicle Dynamics By Ronald K. Jurgen
This book contains 63 technical papers and
By M. V. Blundell, Damian Harty articles that substantiate the progress that has
The multibody systems analysis is the been made in this area. The book features four
established basis for the design and sections which cover the many changes in all
development of vehicle dynamic behavior. areas of automotive electronics reliability:
Combining theoretical aspects of vehicle • Reliability Design Methodologies
dynamics and the practical applications of • Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC),
multibody systems techniques, the book draws Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and
on laboratory studies, test-track work, and Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Considerations
finished vehicle applications. in Design
Key features include: • Examples of Reliable Product Designs
• Use of industry-standard MSC.ADAMS- virtual • Reliability Test Procedures
prototype software ISBN: 978-0-7680-0684-1, 544 pp., Hardbound 2001.
• Practical examples and real-world applications
• Consideration of full-vehicle modeling and $31.99 (SAE Member)
simulation
• A full set of vehicle model schematics $39.99 (Nonmember)
Product Code: PT-82
ISBN: 978-0-7680-1496-9, 540 pp., Softbound 2004.

$63.96 (SAE Member)
$79.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: R-273

10
Electronics
Automotive Software Automotive Control
Engineering Systems
Principles, Processes, For Engine, Driveline,
Methods, and Tools and Vehicle
By Thomas Zurawka, Joerg Schaeuffele By U. Kienecke, L. Nielsen
The software-based implementation of vehicle This book allows control engineers to
functions provides for unparalleled freedoms understand engine and vehicle models
of concept and design. However, automobile necessary for controller design and introduces
development calls for the accommodation mechanical engineers into vehicle-specific signal
of contrasting prerequisites such as higher processing and automatic control.
demands on safety and reliability vs. lower cost Contents include:
ceilings, longer product life cycles vs. shorter • Thermodynamic Engine Cycles
development times along with a growing • Engine Management Systems
proliferation of model variants. • Engine Control Systems
Contents include: • Driveline Control
• The Driver-Vehicle-Environment System • Vehicle Modeling
• Essential System Basics • and more
• Development & Support Processes
• and more ISBN: 978-0-7680-0505-9, 432 pp., Hardbound 2000.

ISBN: 978-0-7680-1490-7, 408 pp., Casebound 2005. $15.99 (SAE Member)
$47.96 (SAE Member) $19.99 (Nonmember)
$59.95 (Nonmember) Product Code: R-283
Product Code: R-361

Intelligent Vehicle Vehicle Multiplex
Technologies Communication
By Michel Parent, Ljubo Vlacic, Serial Data Networking
Fumio Harashima Applied to Vehicular
Packed with practical examples and applications, Engineering
this book focuses not only on the driver
assistance concept, but also on the autonomous By Christopher A. Lupini
driving/intelligent vehicle concept, which enables The content in this book will help the reader
a vehicle to drive independently with little or no to acquire a basic understanding of vehicle
assistance from humans. Written by the leading multiplexing systems, primarily from the
experts in the field - from both industry and passenger car and light truck viewpoint. Some
academia - it provides in-depth information on a discussion of heavy-duty and off-road vehicle
range of key IV elements such as: multiplexing is presented, along with a look at
• Intelligent Sensors industrial automation - a fast-growing multiplex
• Vehicle Control field already eclipsing automotive usage.
• Navigation
Topics covered include:
• Communications Systems
• The Electronic Control Unit
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0780-0, 518 pp., Softbound 2001. • Class A, B and C Protocols
• Manufacturing Automation
$15.99 (SAE Member) • Future Trends
$19.99 (Nonmember) • and more
Product Code: R-310 ISBN: 978-0-7680-1218-7, 392 pp., Softbound 2004.

$31.99 (SAE Member)
$39.99 (Nonmember)
Product Code: R-340

11
Electronics
Actuators Electronic Steering
By Ronald K. Jurgen and Suspensions
This book contains 48 landmark papers covering
the increasing range of uses for actuators in an
automotive environment. Papers are grouped
Systems
by the type of application, but within each By Ronald K. Jurgen
application group, a number of different types of While there are many advantages of electronic
actuators are discussed. systems in automobiles, one significant savings
Sections include: lies where electrical and electronic components
• Actuators in Fuel Metering Systems actually replace conventional mechanical and
• Engine Valve Control electromechanical components. This collection
• Actuators in Steering Systems of 65 technical papers covers:
• and more • Electro-hydraulic power steering
• Magnetic power steering
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0395-6, 432 pp., Hardbound 1998. • Intelligent steering systems
• Steer-by-wire
$15.99 (SAE Member) • Multi-axle steering systems
$19.99 (Nonmember) • and more
Product Code: PT-74 ISBN: 978-0-7680-0481-6, 570 pp., Hardbound 1999.

$15.99 (SAE Member)
$19.99 (Nonmember)
Product Code: PT-77
3%-).!23

Continuing Education on
Communications & Controls
Attend SAE Seminars to learn about relevant technologies, engineering tools, and management
techniques designed for mobility engineers. SAE Seminars are taught by engineering professionals
with content and industry experience.

The following communications and controls-related seminars are offered throughout the year
at several U.S. locations.
t "DRVJSJOHBOE"OBMZ[JOH%BUBGSPN4FOTPSTBOE t &MFDUSPOJDT1BDLBHJOH5IFSNBMBOE.FDIBOJDBM
In-Vehicle Networks %FTJHOBOE"OBMZTJT
t "EWBODFE&MFDUSJD.PUPS(FOFSBUPS"DUVBUPS t 3PCVTUOFTT7BMJEBUJPOPG4FNJDPOEVDUPS%FWJDFT
%FTJHOBOE"OBMZTJTGPS"VUPNPUJWF"QQMJDBUJPOT in Automotive Applications
t "VUPNPUJWF&MFDUSPOJDTo"O"QQMJDBUJPOT1SJNFS t 6OEFSTUBOEJOHBOE6TJOHUIF4"&+"1*
t $POUSPM4ZTUFNT4JNQMJmFE to Access Vehicle Networks
t $POUSPMMFS"SFB/FUXPSL $"/ 
GPS
Vehicle Applications* "MMTFNJOBSTBSFBQQSPWFEGPS*"$&5$POUJOVJOH
t %FTJHOJOH0O#PBSE%JBHOPTUJDTGPS-JHIUBOE &EVDBUJPO6OJUT $&6T 
BOEGPSUIFQSPGFTTJPOBM
.FEJVN%VUZ&NJTTJPOT$POUSPM4ZTUFNT FOHJOFFS1SPGFTTJPOBM%FWFMPQNFOU)PVST 1%)T 

t %JTUSJCVUFE"VUPNPUJWF&NCFEEFE4ZTUFNT *also available as an e-Seminar

For upcoming dates and to register, visit www.sae.org
or call 1-877-606-7323.
1

12
Electronics
Electronic IDB-C Data Bus
Transmission Controls Report on Studies for
By Ronald K. Jurgen Modeling, Simulation, and
The evolution of the automotive transmission Signal Analysis; and EMC/EMI
has changed rapidly in the last decade, partly Measurements and Testing
due to the advantages of highly sophisticated
electronic controls. This evolution has resulted
By Daniel J. Guzman
in modern automatic transmissions that offer By using descriptive charts and graphs, this
more control, stability, and convenience to the report provides an analysis of the IDB-C network
driver. This book contains 65 technical papers at the subsystem level and at the vehicle level,
from SAE and other international organizations using data comparison between modeling and
written since 1995 on this rapidly growing area simulation of the network and measurement
of automotive electronics. and analysis on physical systems.
This book is divided into two main sections: Areas covered include:
• Stepped Transmissions • Computer Modeling of CAN Automotive Bus
• Continuously Variable Transmissions Transceivers and Basic IDB Topologies
• Measurement Data Obtained from Different
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0631-5, 588 pp., Hardbound 2000. Bus and Filter Configurations
• Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) and
$15.99 (SAE Member) Interference (EMI)
$19.99 (Nonmember) ISBN: 978-0-7680-0883-8, 150 pp., Softbound 2002.
Product Code: PT-79
$15.99 (SAE Member)
$19.99 (Nonmember)
Product Code: RR-014

Electric and Hybrid- Understanding
Electric Vehicles Automotive
By Ronald K. Jurgen Electronics
Featuring 72 SAE technical papers -- plus articles
from Automotive Engineering International Sixth Edition
magazine -- from 1997-2001, this book provides By William B. Ribbens
coverage of topics such as:
• Lithium-Ion Batteries With extensive revisions, the sixth edition of
• Regenerative Braking this popular book is a practical text, suitable for
• Fuel Economy the automotive technician, student, enthusiast,
• Transmissions or professional who wants to upgrade his or her
• Fuel Cell Technology background in electronic systems found in the
• Hydrogen-Fueled Engines automobile. This edition covers technological
• and more advances in operation and troubleshooting of
electronic systems and components, including:
ISBN: 978-0-7680-0833-3, 768 pp., Hardbound 2002. • Low-Emission Standards
• On-Board Diagnostics and Communication
$15.99 (SAE Member) • Digital Instrumentation
$19.99 (Nonmember) • Digital Engine Control
Product Code: PT-85 ISBN: 978-0-7680-1221-7, 745 pp., Softbound 2003.

$23.99 (SAE Member)
$29.99 (Nonmember)
Product Code: R-350

13
Electronics
Surface Vehicle SAE Fluid Conductors
Electromagnetic and Connectors
Compatibility (EMC) Standards Manual
Standards Manual 2003 Edition on CD-ROM
The 2003 edition contains 77 standards,
2008 Edition including 30 new or revised documents, all
This edition contains 3 revised standards. This within a single CD-ROM. With this edition, you’ll
collection is the single source of the most recent gain immediate and convenient access to all of
SAE EMC documents. the SAE fluid power connector standards used
Standards in this book cover: in hydraulic systems. This includes the hydraulic
• Electromagnetic compatibility standards related to:
• Immunity Testing • Connectors
• Design Checklist for Vehicle Electronic Systems • Hose fittings
• Guidelines for Electric Vehicle Safety • Tubing
• and many more! • and more
ISBN: 978-0-7680-2069-4, 707 pp., Softbound 2008. ISBN: 978-0-7680-1223-1, CD-ROM 2003.

$260.00 (SAE Member) $196.00 (SAE Member)
$325.00 (Nonmember) $245.00 (Nonmember)
Product Code: HS-3600/2008 Product Code: HS-150/2003CD

On-Board Diagnostics
for Light and Medium Do you order papers
Duty Vehicles frequently?
Standards Manual Consider TechSelect, a cost-effective,
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2006 Edition purchase SAE technical papers. This yearly
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P80712

14
Electronics

NEW
SAE Ground Vehicle Lighting
Standards Manual
2009 Edition
This edition contains contains 18 revised standards! In addition, this self-contained manual includes
technical reports from other SAE technical committees referenced in SAE light reports, cancelled
SAE technical reports; a keyword index, and bibliographies of related international documents,
papers, books, manuals and aerospace lighting documents.
The Standards are organized into the following sections:
• General
• Signaling and Marking Lighting Devices
• Switches and Flashers
• Test Procedures and Materials
• and more
ISBN: 978-0-7680-2109-7, 1000 pp., Softbound 2009.

$272.00 (SAE Member)
$340.00 (Nonmember)
Product Code: HS-34/2009

SAE Truck and
Bus Control &
Communications
SAE J1939
Standards Collection on the Web

Network Standards The Real-Time CAN Solution for
Commercial Vehicle Applications
Manual
2007 Edition
This J1939 Handbook Supplement is a set
of Recommended Practices defining a data
network for use in a wide variety of applications,
with primary emphasis to date on heavy-duty
vehicles. It was designed to support general
purpose information transfer as well as the more
demanding tasks of distributed control systems
on board a vehicle. This latest volume includes 7
revised and one new standard.
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15
Special Publications from 2008 focusing on
Electronics

Distributed Embedded Systems Engineering, 2008 In-Vehicle Networks and Software, 2008
The 11 papers in this publication concentrate on the systems engineering aspects This publication concentrates on the development of embedded software that
of vehicle electronic systems that are distributed using multiple vehicle networks resides in production vehicle electronic modules. Fifteen papers cover topics
and partitioned across a variety of different electronic modules. The publication including in-vehicle network software; the use of embedded operating systems;
also covers both current and future related technologies and targets technical, module application behavior; the software development lifecycle; CMM or other
business, and legal issues. Additional topics include current and future vehicle software improvement processes; software development tool experiences; future
electronic systems architectures, distributed embedded systems behavior, multiple and upcoming software technologies; related in-vehicle software standardization
vehicle networking, distributed in-vehicle diagnostic systems, smart sensor/ efforts; new protocols; gateways; vehicle control; message handling; X-by-
actuator sub-systems, and systems issues surrounding x-by-wire. wire; diagnostics; off-board connectivity; and vehicle to vehicle or vehicle to
ISBN: 978-0-7680-2036-6 infrastructure communications.
$59.96 (SAE Member) ISBN: 978-0-7680-2039-7
$74.95 (Nonmember) $75.96 (SAE Member)
Product Code: SP-2194 $94.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: SP-2197
Intelligent Transportation System: Safer, Smarter, Faster, 2008
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) includes smart vehicles, smart roads and Military Vehicles, 2008
infrastructure, and wired and wireless communications to link them together. The This publication presents modeling and simulation technology as developed for and
6 papers in this publication will provide insights and progress reports on the latest applied to military ground vehicles. The 15 papers are limited in scope to vehicle
ITS research, development, and deployment around the world. Topics include time systems and/or subsystems which are applicable to both an automotive and
to collision estimations, embedded processor control, adaptive cruise control and military domain. Topics include propulsion, suspension, steering, navigation, semi-
image recognition along with discussion on the management of safety and safety autonomy, on-board diagnostics/prognostics, driving functions, vehicle networks,
systems. and electrical power. Advanced propulsion system technology is also covered
ISBN: 978-0-7680-2042-7 including “clean” diesel fuels, JP-8 jet fuel and DF-2 diesel fuel.
$51.96 (SAE Member) ISBN: 978-0-7680-2037-3
$64.95 (Nonmember) $75.96 (SAE Member)
Product Code: SP-2200 $94.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: SP-2195
Intelligent Vehicle Initiative (IVI) Technology Controls and
Navigation Systems, 2008 Systems Engineering, 2008
This publication is a collection of 11 papers presented by leading experts in the This system engineering publication contains 11 papers covering automotive
field of intelligent vehicle technologies. Topics covered include vehicle navigation, related topics in interdisciplinary areas from requirement, high level system design,
collision avoidance, sensor and camera based autonomous driving and parking, cost analysis, simulation, modeling, testing, and validation. System includes
vehicle to vehicle communications, and more. Practical examples and applications components, sub assemblies, computer based controllers, hardware and software.
of sensors, software, control logic, and data used to assist, control, and/or guide Papers focus on intelligent and efficient approaches to analysis, design (not
the driver and/or vehicle are included. detailed design), modeling, measurement, document management and optimizing
performance. Topics on effect of cost, and human machine interface are also
ISBN: 978-0-7680-2035-9
covered.
$59.96 (SAE Member) ISBN: 978-0-7680-2032-8
$74.95 (Nonmember)
$59.96 (SAE Member)
Product Code: SP-2193
$74.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: SP-2190
Vehicle Sensors and Actuators, 2008
Modern automotive customers need safer vehicles with little or no impact to the
environment. The 17 papers in this publication present the latest research and
development on novel sensors, actuators, and circuits that are critical to deliver the
function of today’s complex automotive systems.
ISBN: 978-0-7680-2033-5
$83.96 (SAE Member)
$104.95 (Nonmember)
Product Code: SP-2191

Special Publication (SP)
A Special Publication is a print collection of technical papers from one or more
sessions presented at an SAE conference. Based on key challenges facing the
industry, these papers provide research and findings from leading technical experts
focusing on a specific
16 topic.
P81583
SALE! Electronics Related Special Publications
Enjoy savings on these titles while supplies last.
SAE Members only receive a 20% discount!
Publication Sale
Title Product Code
Date Price
Systems Engineering and New Developments in Electronics SP-2060 2006 $39.99
In-Vehicle Software & Hardware Systems SP-2028 2006 $39.99
Intelligent Vehicles & Transportation Systems SP-2027 2006 $39.99
Automotive Lighting Technology & Human Factors in Driver Vision
SP-1993 2006 $39.99
& Lighting; Rear Vision Technology & Indirect Vision
Lighting Technology and Human Factors SP-1932 2005 $29.99
Controller System Software Testing and Validation SP-1928 2005 $29.99
Electrical Wiring Harnesses and Electronics and Systems Reliability SP-1927 2005 $29.99
Systems Engineering, Electronics Simulation, Advanced Electronics
SP-1926 2005 $29.99
Packaging, and Electromagnetic Compatibility
Software/Hardware Systems SP-1924 2005 $29.99
Distributed Embedded Systems Engineering 2005 SP-1921 2005 $29.99
Intelligent Vehicle Initiative (VI) Technology 2005--Advanced Controls and
SP-1920 2005 $29.99
Navigation Systems
Vehicle Sensors and Actuators SP-1919 2005 $29.99
In-Vehicle Networks and Software SP-1918 2005 $29.99
Engineering for Transmissions, Drivelines and Electrical Systems
SP-1908 2004 $19.99
in Off-Road Vehicles
Lighting SP-1875 2004 $19.99
Software/Hardware Systems, Systems Engineering, Advanced
SP-1857 2004 $19.99
Electronics Packaging, and Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
Electronics Simulation and Optimization SP-1856 2004 $19.99
Distributed Embedded Systems Engineering SP-1855 2004 $19.99
Intelligent Vehicle Initiative (IVI) Technology - Advanced Controls and Vehicle
SP-1854 2004 $19.99
Navigation Systems
In-Vehicle Networks and Software, Electrical Wiring Harnesses,
SP-1852 2004 $19.99
and Electronics and Systems Reliability
Advances in Interiors and Instrument Panels SP-1848 2004 $19.99
In-Vehicle Networks, Safety Critical Systems, Accelerated Testing,
SP-1783 2003 $9.99
and Reliability
Vehicle Sensors SP-1782 2003 $9.99
Intelligent Vehicle Initiative SP-1771 2003 $9.99
42 Volt Technology 2003 SP-1769 2003 $9.99
Advances in Interiors & Instrument Panels SP-1753 2003 $9.99

For a complete listing of papers included
Special Publication (SP)
A Special Publication is a print collection of
in each product, visit www.sae.org
technical papers from one or more sessions
presented at an SAE conference. Based on key
challenges facing the industry, these papers provide Order today!
research and findings from leading technical experts
Online: store.sae.org
focusing on a specific topic.
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or 1-724-776-4970
Note: prices subject to change. Actual shipping charges will be added.

P81640
17
Customized Technical Information
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your needs.

Individual Papers
SAE technical papers contain a wealth of mobility engineering information presented
by your peers at SAE Conferences.

Special Publication (SP)
A Special Publication is a print collection of technical papers from one or more sessions
presented at an SAE conference. Based on key challenges facing the industry, these papers
provide research and findings from leading technical experts focusing
on a specific topic.

TechSelect
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a cost-effective, customized, and convenient way
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18
P80963