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SEMINAR

REPORT CHEEERRR
SS!!!!!
ON
PRODUCTI
ON OF
PRESENTED BY:- YADVENDRA YADAV ;
TABLE OF CONTENTS
§INTRODUCTION
§
§ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM SUGAR CANE
§
§CHEMICAL REACTIONS INVOLVED
§
§FLOW SHEET FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION
§
§FLOW SHEET FOR SEPARATION PROCESSES
§
§FLOW SHEET FOR QUALITY CONTROL OF ETHANOL
§
§FACTORS AFFECTING CONCENTRATION OF MOLASSES
§
§MAJOR ENGINEERING PROBLEMS
§
§USES OF ETHANOL
§
§HEALHT EFFECTS OF ETHANOL : GOOD OR BAD
INTRODUCTION
There are three fermentation methods by which we
can produce Ethanol :-

SUGAR CANE MAIZE BAGASSE

MOLASSES STARCH CELLULOSE

ETHANOL
ANOL PRODUCTION FROM SUGAR C

SUGAR CANE

Molasses

INDUSTRY
FOR ETHANOL SUGAR
PRODUCTION
CHEMICAL REACTIONS INVOLVED

(a) Main Reaction
Invertase
C H O + H O
12 22 11
2 C2 H O 6 12 6
Zymase
C 6 H12 6 O 2 5 2
H 2=C - 31.2
H OH + 2CO kcal

(b)Side Reaction
(c)
2C H O + H O
2
6 12 6 ROH + R CHO
higher mol. wt. alcohols
W SHEET FOR PRODUCTION OF ETH
START NUTRIENTS
MOLASSES
MOLASSES
STERILIZER co2
YEAST co2
CULTURE
MOLASSES TANK
STORAGE
STEAM h2o
h2o

STRIPPER
CONTINUOUS
DILUTER

h2o

YEAST
STORAGE

FERMENTATION PRODUCED
TANK ALCOHOL
NUTRIENTS TO
SEPARATION
UNIT
h2o

WATER SRUB WITH 1-2% ALCOHOL
W SHEET FOR SEPARATION PROCES
C
C C
H
P P

P

FUSEL OIL C
BEER STILL

ALDEHYDE

RECTIFYING
COLUMN

COLUMN
PRODUCED
ALCOHOL
FROM
PRODUCTION
UNIT

H h2o h2o
For STORAGE
quality
TO WASTE DISPOSAL OR
control
EVAPORATOR TO PRODUCE
CATTLE FEED OR
FERTILIZERS
95% ethanol
HEET FOR QUALITY CONTROL OF E
c

TO RECTIFYING

STRIPPER
COLUMN FOR RE-USE
ANHYDROUS STILL

DENATURANT

MAKE-UP
C6H6

100% ethanol

DENATURED
ALCOHOL
S AFFECTING COMPOSITION OF MO

ØVariety of cane
Ø
ØComposition of soil
Ø
ØClimatic conditions
Ø
ØHarvesting practices
Ø
ØSugar manufacturing process
Ø
ØHandling and storage
MAJOR ENGINEERING PROBLEMS

§Collection and storage of MOLASSES.

§Maintenance of sterile and specific yeast culture conditions.
§
§Batch versus continuous operation.
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§Waste disposal problem.
§
§Fuel economy in the series of distillations.
USES OF ETHANOL
§Ethanol can be used as a fuel.
§
§Ethanol can also be used as Rocket fuel.
§
§Ethanol can be used as alcoholic beverages.
§
§It can be used as an antiseptic.
§
§Ethanol is easily miscible in water and is a good solvent.
§
§Ethanol is less polar than water and is used in
§
perfumes, paints and tinctures.
§
§Ethanol is also used in design and sketch art markers.
EFFECTS OF ETHANOL : GOOD
QUERIES
CHEEERRR

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