SEMINAR REPORT ON PRODUCTI ON OF

CHEEERRR SS!!!!!

PRESENTED BY:- YADVENDRA YADAV ;

TABLE OF CONTENTS
§INTRODUCTION § §ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM SUGAR CANE § §CHEMICAL REACTIONS INVOLVED § §FLOW SHEET FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION § §FLOW SHEET FOR SEPARATION PROCESSES § §FLOW SHEET FOR QUALITY CONTROL OF ETHANOL § §FACTORS AFFECTING CONCENTRATION OF MOLASSES § §MAJOR ENGINEERING PROBLEMS § §USES OF ETHANOL § §HEALHT EFFECTS OF ETHANOL : GOOD OR BAD

INTRODUCTION
There are three fermentation methods by which we can produce Ethanol :-

SUGAR CANE

MAIZE

BAGASSE

MOLASSES

STARCH

CELLULOSE

ETHANOL

ANOL PRODUCTION FROM SUGAR C

SUGAR CANE Molasses

INDUSTRY FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION

SUGAR

CHEMICAL REACTIONS INVOLVED
(a) C
12

Main Reaction H
22 11

O

Zymase

+ 2 C2 H 2CO

Invertase

O

H

O
2 5

6

12 2

6

C6 H 6O 12 H OH

+

H 2=C - 31.2 kcal

(b)Side Reaction (c) 2C H O +
6 12 6

ROH

2

H +

O

R CHO

higher mol. wt. alcohols

W SHEET FOR PRODUCTION OF ETH
START MOLASSES NUTRIENTS MOLASSES STERILIZER co2
YEAST CULTURE TANK

co2 h2o

MOLASSES STORAGE

STEAM
CONTINUOUS DILUTER

h2o
YEAST STORAGE

STRIPPER
PRODUCED ALCOHOL TO SEPARATION UNIT

h2o

NUTRIENTS

FERMENTATION TANK

h2o

WATER SRUB WITH 1-2% ALCOHOL

W SHEET FOR SEPARATION PROCES
H C P P P C C

BEER STILL

FUSEL OIL

C

PRODUCED ALCOHOL FROM PRODUCTION UNIT

H
TO WASTE DISPOSAL OR EVAPORATOR TO PRODUCE CATTLE FEED OR FERTILIZERS

h2o

For quality control

RECTIFYING

h2o

COLUMN

ALDEHYDE COLUMN

STORAGE

95% ethanol

HEET FOR QUALITY CONTROL OF E
c
STRIPPER
TO RECTIFYING COLUMN FOR RE-USE

ANHYDROUS STILL

DENATURANT

MAKE-UP C6H6

100% ethanol DENATURED ALCOHOL

S AFFECTING COMPOSITION OF MO
ØVariety of cane Ø ØComposition of soil Ø ØClimatic conditions Ø ØHarvesting practices Ø ØSugar manufacturing process Ø ØHandling and storage

MAJOR ENGINEERING PROBLEMS

§Collection and storage of MOLASSES. §Maintenance of sterile and specific yeast culture conditions. § §Batch versus continuous operation. § §Waste disposal problem. § §Fuel economy in the series of distillations.

USES OF ETHANOL
§Ethanol can be used as a fuel. § §Ethanol can also be used as Rocket fuel. § §Ethanol can be used as alcoholic beverages. § §It can be used as an antiseptic. § §Ethanol is easily miscible in water and is a good solvent. § §Ethanol is less polar than water and is used in § perfumes, paints and tinctures. § §Ethanol is also used in design and sketch art markers.

EFFECTS OF ETHANOL : GOOD

QUERIES ????
CHEEERRR SS!!!!!

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