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GE Energy

Gas Engines Waukesha Knock Index* (WKI*)



Page 1 of 5
220GL Derating Schedules And
Theory Of Application
EN: 153107
DATE: 3/11
Ref.
S
9200-18

12V / 18V 220GL Derating Schedules and Theory of Application
The 220GL engine is available only for continuous operating power (COP) according to ISO 8528. COP is the available output
for continuous electricity supply during an unlimited number of hours per year, in between normal maintenance intervals
and under specified ambient conditions, the maintenance being made according to engine manufacturer specifications. No
overload or overspeed is available.
Certain installations of the 220GL product will require the application of derating due to fuel, ambient, or other site
conditions that are beyond the scope of standard application. This specification is meant to document the process and
technical data for applying the appropriate derates based on the following factors:
Fuel WKI
Air inlet temperature to the turbocharger compressor (not site ambient temperature)
Intake manifold temperature
Altitude
Fuel pressure at gas train inlet
The information under DERATING METHODOLOGY (page 1 and 2) is meant to provide a basis for the process to be followed
when determining the applicable derates for the site in question. Each K-factor is to be calculated either from the graphs
(pages 3-10) or the equations (pages 11-13). It is recommended to use the specific equations for greater accuracy in the
end result.
These K-factors, along with the calculations for KTOTAL, , and other variables, are used to determine the maximum power
that is available under all site conditions. Pages 14-15 of this specification contain two examples of applying this derating
methodology utilizing the information contained within this specification.
It is critically important that the right configuration graph and equations are being studied to match the site requirements
for engine speed/generator frequency, NOx emissions output, and LT (auxiliary) water inlet temperature. Each graph can be
used whether a 12V220GL or 18V220GL is under study.

NOTES:
Refer to the WKI program (version 1.17 or newer) for accurate calculation of site fuel WKI to be used for engine derating prediction.
If the engine output has been adjusted for WKI, site ambient conditions, or gas feed pressure to gas train, the specific fuel consumption
and heat balance has to be adjusted accordingly. Refer to S-sheet S-8154-101, latest revision, for more information.
Contact Waukesha Engine Application Engineering for assistance.
DERATING METHODOLOGY

K1 = derate factor due to WKI (Waukesha Knock Index)
K2 = derate factor due to MCAIT (Maximum Charge Air Inlet Temperature air temperature before turbocharger
compressor)
K3 = derate factor due to IMAT (Intake Manifold Air Temperature)
K4 = derate factor due to Altitude
GE Energy
Gas Engines Waukesha Knock Index (WKI)

Page 2 of 5
220GL Derating Schedules And
Theory Of Application
EN: 153107
DATE: 3/11
Ref.
S
9200-18

Prated = maximum allowable power (no derates, no overload allowed)
PX1 = adjusted output for WKI

PX1 = Prated x K1

PX2 = adjusted output for site ambient conditions

PX2 = PX1 x

( ) |
.
|

\
|
= 1
9 . 0
1
1 7 . 0
TOTAL TOTAL
K K o

Where KTOTAL = K2 x K3 x K4









PX TOTAL = service output (adjusted output for ALL site conditions)

PX TOTAL = PX2 if PX2 < PX3

PX TOTAL = PX3 if PX3 < PX2

If Pgas > Pref for the corresponding engine configuration, calculation of PX3 is not needed and PX TOTAL = PX2

PX3 = adjusted power output for gas feed pressure (when Pgas < Pref)
PX3 = Prated x [1 0.4 x (Pref Pgas)] Pgas = GAGE gas pressure at gas train inlet

NOX SETTING ENGINE SPEED
CHARGE AIR COOLING (LT) INLET
TEMPERATURE (C)
PREF (BARGAGE)
T.A. Luft
(500 mg/m
3
N at 5% O2 dry)
1500 RPM (50Hz)
45 2.6
55 2.6
1200 RPM (60Hz)
45 2.9
55 2.8
1/2 T.A. Luft
(250 mg/m
3
N at 5% O2 dry)
1500 RPM (50Hz)
45 2.7
55 2.8
1200 RPM (60Hz)
45 3.2
55 3.0
NOTES:PREF AND PGAS MUST BE IN BARGAGE

GE Energy
Gas Engines Waukesha Knock Index (WKI)

Page 3 of 5
220GL Derating Schedules And
Theory Of Application
EN: 153107
DATE: 3/11
Ref.
S
9200-18


SPEED NOX SETTING LT INLET TEMPERATURE DERATING METHODOLOGY
K1 WKI
1500 RPM (50Hz) T.A. Luft 45C (113F)
WKI 84.6 K1 = 1
73.3 WKI 84.6 K1 = 0.0079*WKI + 0.3281
66.5 WKI 73.3 K1 = 0.0236*WKI 0.8197
1500 RPM (50Hz) T.A. Luft 55C (131F)
WKI 93.0 K1 = 1
64.0 WKI 93.0 K1 = 0.0086*WKI + 0.2
1500 RPM (50Hz) 1/2 T.A. Luft
45C (113F) &
55C (131F)
WKI 80.1 K1 = 1
41.0 WKI 80.1 K1 = 0.0115*WKI + 0.0780
1200 RPM (60Hz) T.A. Luft
45C (113F) &
55C (131F)
WKI 90.2 K1 = 1
80.1 WKI 90.2 K1 = 0.0099*WKI + 0.1046
73.3 WKI 80.1 K1 = 0.0206*WKI 0.7535
1200 RPM (60Hz) 1/2 T.A. Luft 45C (113F)
WKI 80.1 K1 = 1
66.5 WKI 80.1 K1 = 0.0074*WKI + 0.4095
58.8 WKI 66.5 K1 = 0.0206*WKI 0.4720
1200 RPM (60Hz) 1/2 T.A. Luft 55C (131F)
WKI 90.2 K1 = 1
80.1 WKI 90.2 K1 = 0.0099*WKI + 0.1046
73.3 WKI 80.1 K1 = 0.0206*WKI - 0.7535
K2 MCAIT
1500 RPM (50Hz) &
1200 RPM (60Hz)
T.A. Luft &
1/2 T.A. Luft
45C (113F) &
55C (131F)
MCAIT 40C K2 = 1
40C MCAIT 50C K2 = 1 + 0.004*(40 MCAIT)
NOTES:
1. MCAIT MUST BE IN C
2. Minimum MCAIT is 0C
3. Maximum MCAIT is 50C
K3 IMAT
1500 RPM (50Hz) &
1200 RPM (60Hz)
T.A. Luft &
1/2 T.A. Luft
45C (113F)
IMAT 55C K3 = 1
55C IMAT 65C K3 = 1 + 0.01*(55 IMAT)
NOTES:
1. IMAT MUST BE IN C
2. Maximum IMAT is 65C
3. The charged air temperature is approximately 10C higher than the charge air coolant temperature.
1500 RPM (50Hz) &
1200 RPM (60Hz)
T.A. Luft &
1/2 T.A. Luft
55C (131F)
IMAT 65C K3 = 1
65C IMAT 75C K3 = 1 + 0.01*(65 IMAT)
NOTES:
1. IMAT MUST BE IN C
2. Maximum IMAT is 75C
3. The charged air temperature is approximately 10C higher than the charge air coolant temperature.
K4 ALTITUDE
1500 RPM (50Hz) &
1200 RPM (60Hz)
T.A. Luft
45C (113F) &
55C (131F)
ALTITUDE 1500m K4 = 1
1500m ALTITUDE 3000m K4 = 1 + 0.0001*(1500 ALTITUDE)
1500 RPM (50Hz) &
1200 RPM (60Hz)
1/2 T.A. Luft
45C (113F) &
55C (131F)
ALTITUDE 500m K4 = 1
500m ALTITUDE 3000m K4 = 1 + 0.0001*(500 ALTITUDE)
NOTES: 1. ALTITUDE MUST BE IN METERS
2. If altitude is higher than 3000 meters contact Waukesha Application Engineering.


GE Energy
Gas Engines Waukesha Knock Index (WKI)

Page 4 of 5
220GL Derating Schedules And
Theory Of Application
EN: 153107
DATE: 3/11
Ref.
S
9200-18

EXAMPLE 1: Derates for WKI, MCAIT, and altitude are applied. No IMAT or fuel pressure derating.

GIVEN INFORMATION
18V220GL
1500 RPM (50Hz)
1/2 T.A. Luft (250 mg/m
3
N at 5% O2 dry)
LT Inlet Temperature = 45 C
Prated = 3200 kWe
WKI = 78
MCAIT = 42 C
IMAT = 32 C
Altitude = 750 meters
Pgas = 5.1 BARGAGE

SOLUTION
Using equations determine K1, K2, K3, and K4

41.0 WKI 80.1 K1 = 0.0115* WKI + 0.0780 K1 = 0.0115*78 + 0.0780
K1 = 0.975

40C MCAIT 50C K2 = 1 + 0.004*(40 MCAIT) K2 = 1 + 0.004*(40 42 C)
K2 = 0.992

IMAT 55C
K3 = 1

500m ALTITUDE 3000m K4 = 1 + 0.0001*(500 ALTITUDE) K4 = 1 + 0.0001*(500 750 meters)
K4 = 0.975

Determine PX1

PX1 = Prated x K1 = 3200 x 0.975 = 3120

Determine KTOTAL, , and PX2

KTOTAL = K2 x K3 x K4 = 0.992 x 1 x 0.975 = 0.967

( ) |
.
|

\
|
= 1
9 . 0
1
967 . 0 1 7 . 0 967 . 0 o = 0.964

PX2 = PX1 x = 3120 x 0.964 = 3007

Determination of PX3 is not needed since Pgas is greater than Pref therefore PTOTAL = PX2


PTOTAL = 3007 kWe

GE Energy
Gas Engines Waukesha Knock Index (WKI)

Page 5 of 5
220GL Derating Schedules And
Theory Of Application
EN: 153107
DATE: 3/11
Ref.
S
9200-18

EXAMPLE 2: Derates for MCAIT and fuel pressure are applied. No WKI, IMAT, or altitude derating.

GIVEN INFORMATION
12V220GL
1200 RPM (60Hz)
T.A. Luft (500 mg/m
3
N at 5% O2 dry)
LT Inlet Temperature = 45 C
Prated = 2100 kWe
WKI = 93
MCAIT = 43 C
IMAT = 50 C
Altitude = 500 meters
Pgas = 2.9

SOLUTION
Using equations determine K1, K2, K3, and K4

WKI 90.2 K1 = 1
K1 = 1

40C MCAIT 50C K2 = 1 + 0.004*(40 MCAIT) K2 = 1 + 0.004*(40 43 C)
K2 = 0.988

IMAT 55C
K3 = 1

ALTITUDE 1500m K4 = 1
K4 = 1

Determine PX1

PX1 = Prated x K1 = 2100 x 1 = 2100

Determine KTOTAL, , and PX2

KTOTAL = K2 x K3 x K4 = 0.988 x 1 x 1 = 0.988

( ) |
.
|

\
|
= 1
9 . 0
1
988 . 0 1 7 . 0 988 . 0 o = 0.987

PX2 = PX1 X = 2100 X 0.987 = 2072

Determine Px3

PX3 = Prated x [1 0.4 x (Pref Pgas)] = 2100 x [1 0.4 x (3.15 2.9)] = 1890

PX TOTAL = PX3 since PX3 < PX2


PX TOTAL = 1890 kWe





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