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KEM

KECEMERLANGAN
GEGARKAN SAINS
SPM 2104

Jabatan Sains MRSM Kubang Pasu
UNIT F:I:Z:I:K



KEMAHIRAN BERFIKIR ARAS TINGGI (KBAT)
-Higher Order Thinking Skills- (HOTS)
Contoh 1:





Cushioning

system

Many running shoes have a cushioning system. This reduces the
impact force on the athlete as the heel of the running shoe hits the
ground.
The bar chart shows the maximum impact force for three different
makes of running shoe used on three different types of surface.
Cikgu Kamal

Cikgu Zaim . Cikgu Sho Cikgu Liza
[Web address]

















Which one of the three makes of running shoe, A, B or C, has the best
cushioning system?
Explain the reason for your answer. (3 marks)

The data needed to draw the bar chart was obtained using a robotic
athlete fitted with electronic sensors.
Why is this data likely to be more reliable than data obtained using
human athletes?
(1 mark)
Contoh 2:






This question is about gases.
Farid buys a helium balloon on a cold day. He takes it into a hot room.
He notices that the balloon skin is now tighter.
Join each statement below with the correct explanation. One has
been done for you.
















Farid wonders how many balloons can be blown up by such a small
cylinder of gas. The cylinder is only four times as big as the balloon.

Kamal says that the pressure of the helium in the cylinder is much
greater than the pressure of the helium in the balloon.

Use your ideas about molecular motion to explain how the small
cylinder can supply enough gas for so many balloons.
................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................*3+
Any three
One correct for 1 mark, maximum 3 marks.
In a gas molecules very spread out;
as pressure increases molecules much closer together;
exert high pressure in small volume (in cylinder);
when released can fill a much larger volume at lower pressure;


Contoh 3:


Contoh 4:










Contoh 5:



This question is about soccer match.
If you as a head organizer, you are being asked to make a decision
about that match based on the weather forecast.
Explain your answer.