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The Penguins Their Home Their Body Their Hobby Their Food

The Penguins Their Home Their Body Their Hobby Their Food

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Published by anuska60

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Published by: anuska60 on Dec 01, 2009
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04/29/2011

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PENGUINS

The penguins Its home Its body Its hobby Its food Its life cycle

 Penguins are very unique birds.  They walk awkwardly on land and they can't fly.  There are seventeen species of penguins.  Penguins come in different sizes. The largest one is the Emperor Penguin, standing 3 1/2 feet tall (1 meter) and weighing up to 90 pounds (41 kilograms). The smallest one is the Fairy Penguin, which stands 16 inches tall (41 centimetres) and weighs only 2.5 pounds (1 kilogram).  Most penguins live in groups (often known as a "colony" or a "rookery").  Penguins have no biological defences against germs found outside of cold Antarctica conditions and die in large numbers in zoos.

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 All penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere (south of the equator). Penguins do NOT live on the Arctic (where the North Pole is located at). Penguins live in such different climates as Antarctica (where it is very cold) and the tropics (where it is very hot).  Penguins usually live on islands or on remote parts of a continent, where they are safe from their enemies.  Although most penguins can hold their breath for only a couple of minutes, penguins spend most of their lives in the water.

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 Penguins' bodies are designed to make them excellent swimmers and allow them to "fly" underwater.  Their wings are shaped like paddles, their feet are webbed, and their bones are solid.  Penguins' feathers are shiny and waterproof.  Their black and white colouring (known as "countershading") acts as camouflage underwater, protecting them against enemies such as sharks, leopard seals and killer whales.  Each year, penguins molt (change feathers) by dropping their old feathers and growing new ones.

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 Penguins like to travel over ice and snow by sliding on their bellies. This is known as "tobogganing".  Penguins like to line up and dive off cliffs and ice flows into the water. Then they hop back onto the land and dive into the water again and again.  Penguins also like to surf the waves to get back to shore.

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 Penguins eat fish,

and krill

squid

while swimming.

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 Every year, female and male penguins get together to mate in inland locations (rookeries).  Penguin mothers lay one or two eggs in a nest.  The nest can be made of grass, a circle of stones, or a burrow under the ground or ice.  The penguin mother and father take turns incubating the eggs, which takes between one and two months, depending on the species.  The chick then chips it way out of the egg.  When the chick grows up, it finds a mate, which it usually keeps for life.

 BacB

A game Penguin parade Some poems A page

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