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Rough Castle

Rough Castle

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Published by: corinne mills on Mar 23, 2008
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Rough Castle

The foundations of these buildings were located during excavations which took place in 1902, 1903, 1932 and 1957-61.

Rough Castle is the best preserved of the Secordary Antonine forts. This fort was the second smallest along the wall - extending to 0.4 hectacres (approx 1 acre) and is enclosed within double banks and a ditch system. It is situated immediately to the south of the wall.

There were Gateways on each of its four sides with roadways acoss the ditches to allow access. The larger annexe was added to the east of the fort and contained the bath house.

We know from two inscriptions found here that the fort was the base of some 500 men of the Sixth Cohort of Nervii, an infantry unit recruited from a tribe in Belguim and served under the command of Flavius Betto of the twentieth Legion.

Inscriptions Dedicatory Inscription IMP CAESARI TITO AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P COH VI NERVIORVM PRINCIPIA FECIT - translates as "For Imperator Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country, the Sixth Cohort of Nervians made this principia." On an altar VICTORIAE COH VI NERVIORVM C C FL BETTO > LEG XX V V V S L L M - translates as "To Victoria, the Sixth Cohort of Nervians commanded by Gaius Flavius Bettus, centurion of the Twentieth Legion Valiant and Victorious, willingly, gladly and deservedly fulfill their vow."

Publications MacIvor I, Thomas M C and Breeze D J. Excavations on the Antonine Wall fort of Rough Castle, Stirlingshire BUCHANAN, M 1905 Report on the Society's excavation of Rough Castle on the Antonine Vallum. Proc Soc Antiq Scot RCAHMS, Stirlingshire: an inventory of the ancient monuments RCAHMS, The archaeological sites and monuments of Clackmannan District and Falkirk District, Central Region, The archaeological sites and monuments of Scotland series no 1 MacIvor I, Thomas M C and Breeze D J, Excavations on the Antonine Wall fort of Rough Castle, Stirlingshire, 1957-61, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 110 Keppie L, The Antonine Wall 1960-1980, Britannia, 13, (1982) Frere S S and St Joseph J K, Roman Britain from the air, Cambridge air surveys series, Cambridge Dunwell A and Finlayson B, Rough Castle, Bonnybridge (Falkirk parish), Roman fort, Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, (1995) Keppie L J F, Roman Britain in 1996. 1. Sites explored. 2. Scotland', Britannia, 28, (1997) Robertson A S (rev Keppie L) The Antonine Wall: a handbook to the Roman wall between Forth and Clyde and a guide to its surviving remains, Glasgow (2001)

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