P. 1
امتحان شيمي يک پيش دانشگاهي سال 87

امتحان شيمي يک پيش دانشگاهي سال 87

|Views: 9|Likes:
Published by api-3706290

More info:

Published by: api-3706290 on Dec 01, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

ʇﺮﻤﻧ

ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻲﻣ . ʂﺎﺗɳ @ﺎﻣ> ɷ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ ﺮﮔɳ 1
ɸﺎﮔ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ < >ﻮﺷ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ɸﺎﮔ ﺮﺘﻴﻟ O
2
ʇﺪﺷ ʇ>ɳ> ʆﺎﻣɸ ɷ> ɳɷ
5 / 1
ﺮﺑɳﺮﺑ 140 ʈ 170 ʄﻮﻣ ﺮﺑ ʄʈʺ ﻮﻠﻴﻛ
ﻲﻤﺗɳ ʅﺮﺟ : H= 1 , I= 127 (
75 / 1




25 / 1
ʆﺎﺤﺘﻣɳ ﺦﻳɷﺎﺗ : 21 / 10 / 87 >ﺪﻋ ﺎﺑ ʇﺮﻤﻧ :
: 90 ﻪﻘﻴﻗ> ʁʈﺮﺣ ﺎﺑ ʇﺮﻤﻧ :
ﻲﺋɳɸﺮﻴﻣ >ɳﺰﻬﺑ
{ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ {ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ {ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ {ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ

س.
·
.
¸
.
¸

,'
ر ¸

.
ﺎﻬﻟɳﻮﺳ
A
(g)
ﺪﻳﺮﻴﮕﺑ ﺮﻈﻧ ɷ> ɳɷ . ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ @ɳﺮﺑ KJ 3 / 0 = E
a
ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻲﻣ
ﺖﻣﻼﻋ < ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻧ ﺮﻳﺬﭘ ʅﺎﺠﻧɳ ∆H ﺪﻴﻨﻛ ﻲﻳﻮﮕﺸﻴﭘ ﻞﻴﻟ> ﺮﻛɶ ﺎﺑ ʆɮ @ɳﺮﺑ ɳɷ .
ɸɳ ﺮﺗﻻﺎﺑ @ﺎﻣ> ɷ> >ɳﺮﺘﻴﻧ ﻢﻴﺳﺎﺘﭘ ℃ 500 >ﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻳﺰﺠﺗ .
ﺪﻴﺴﻳﻮﻨﺑ ɳɷ ʇﺪﺷ ʅﺎﺠﻧɳ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻪﻟ>ﺎﻌﻣ .
>ﺪﻣ ɷ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ ɷ> ﺮﮔɳ 10 ﻪﻘﻴﻗ> 68 / 15 ɸﺎﮔ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ < >ﻮﺷ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ɸﺎﮔ ﺮﺘﻴﻟ
ﺪﻴﻫ> ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ʇﺪﺷ ʇ>ɳ> @ﺎﻬﻟɳﻮﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺮﻳɸ ﻞﻜﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺎﺑ :
Ea = ﺪﻴﻨﻛ ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ ɳɷ
ﺎﺑ ﻲﺒﻴﻛﺮﺗ ɷɳﺬﮔ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ɷ> ʆɳﻮﺗ ﻲﻤﻧ ɳﺮﭼ
= >ﺮﻛ ɳﺪﺟ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ɽﻮﻠﺨﻣ ɸɳ ɳɷ
ﺖﺳɳ ʇ>ﺎﻣﺮﮔ ﺲﻜﻋ ﺖﻬﺟ ɷ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ
ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻫ ʇ>ɷʈɳﺮﻓ ʈ ﺎﻫ ʇﺪﻨﻫ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﺎﺑ ɷɳﺬﮔ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ @ʺﺮﻧɳ ﺢﻄﺳ ʁﻼﺘﺧɳ ﺮﮔɳ ﺮﺑɳﺮﺑ
ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ @ɳɸɳ ﻪﺑ ɳɷ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ ﻲﭙﻟﺎﺘﻧɮ ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ <ﺪﺷﺎﺑ 28 / 1 ʅﺮﮔ HI ﺪﻴﻨﻛ ﻪﺒﺳﺎﺤﻣ ) . ﻲﻤﺗɳ ʅﺮﺟ
Keq @ﺎﻣ> ɷ> ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ ﺖﺑﺎﺛ
ﺮﺘﻴﻟ ﻚﻳ ﻪﻈﻔﺤﻣ ﺮﻫ ﻢﺠﺣ ʈ
/ 0 <>ﻮﺷ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺮﻈﻧ ɷ> ʄﻮﻣ
ﺪﻴﻨﻛ ﻢﺳɷ ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ @ɷɳﺮﻗﺮﺑ ɸɳ ﺲﭘ ɳɷ ɽﻮﻠﺨﻣ ﺮﻳﻮﺼﺗ .
ɹɷ> @ﺎﻬﻟɳﻮﺳ : ﻲﻫﺎﮕﺸﻧɳ> ﺶﻴﭘ ﻚﻳ ﻲﻤﻴﺷ ʆﺎﺤﺘﻣɳ ﺦﻳɷﺎﺗ
ʆﺎﺤﺘﻣɳ : ʄʈɳ ﺖﺑﻮﻧ ʄﺎﺴﻤﻴﻧ ʆﺎﻳﺎﭘ ʆﺎﺤﺘﻣɳ >ﺪﻣ :
ﺮﻴﺑ> ʅﺎﻧ : ﻲﺋɳɸﺮﻴﻣ >ɳﺰﻬﺑ
ﻲﺷɸﻮﻣɮ ﻼﺑʈ : {ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ {ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ {ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ {ààÑMBBuÅ|Üét|xAuÄÉzytAvÉÅ




¸

د

·

. م.وم. .
ﻒﻳ>ɷ
1 ﻲﺿﺮﻓ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ
(g)
→ B
(g)

ﺖﻣﻼﻋ < ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻧ ﺮﻳﺬﭘ ʅﺎﺠﻧɳ

2
ɸɳ ﺮﺗﻻﺎﺑ @ﺎﻣ> ɷ> >ɳﺮﺘﻴﻧ ﻢﻴﺳﺎﺘﭘ
ɮ ( ﺪﻴﺴﻳﻮﻨﺑ ɳɷ ʇﺪﺷ ʅﺎﺠﻧɳ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻪﻟ>ﺎﻌﻣ
ɴ ( >ﺪﻣ ɷ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ ɷ> ﺮﮔɳ
ﺪﻳɷʈɮ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ .
3
ﺪﻴﻫ> ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ʇﺪﺷ ʇ>ɳ> @ﺎﻬﻟɳﻮﺳ ﻪﺑ ﺮﻳɸ ﻞﻜﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺎﺑ
ɮ ( ɷɳﺪﻘﻣ ɷɳ>ﻮﻤﻧ ﻦﻳɳ ɷ> Ea

ɴ ( ﺎﺑ ﻲﺒﻴﻛﺮﺗ ɷɳﺬﮔ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ ɷ> ʆɳﻮﺗ ﻲﻤﻧ ɳﺮﭼ
ʄﻮﻣﺮﻓ H
2
I
2
= >ﺮﻛ ɳﺪﺟ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ɽﻮﻠﺨﻣ ɸɳ ɳɷ

> ( ﺖﺳɳ ʇ>ﺎﻣﺮﮔ ﺲﻜﻋ ﺖﻬﺟ ɷ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ
= ɳﺮﭼ = ﺮﻴﮔﺎﻣﺮﮔ ﺎﻳ


> ( ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻫ ʇ>ɷʈɳﺮﻓ ʈ ﺎﻫ ʇﺪﻨﻫ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﺎﺑ ɷɳﺬﮔ ﺖﻟﺎﺣ @ʺﺮﻧɳ ﺢﻄﺳ ʁﻼﺘﺧɳ ﺮﮔɳ
ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ @ɳɸɳ ﻪﺑ ɳɷ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ ﻲﭙﻟﺎﺘﻧɮ ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ <ﺪﺷﺎﺑ

4
ɷɳﺪﻘﻣ ﺮﮔɳ ﺮﻳɸ ﻞﻜﺷ ɷ> Keq
ﺮﺑɳﺮﺑ ﺖﺑﺎﺛ 0625 / 0 ﺮﺘﻴﻟ ﻚﻳ ﻪﻈﻔﺤﻣ ﺮﻫ ﻢﺠﺣ ʈ
ﺪﺷﺎﺑ . ɸɷɳ ﻢﻫ ʇɷɶ ﺮﻫ ʈ 1
ﺪﻴﻨﻛ ﻢﺳɷ ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ @ɷɳﺮﻗﺮﺑ ɸɳ ﺲﭘ ɳɷ ɽﻮﻠﺨﻣ ﺮﻳﻮﺼﺗ
) ﻪﺒﺳﺎﺤﻣ ʅﺎﺠﻧɳ ﺎﺑ (

ﻲﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﻤﺳﺎﺑ
ʆﺪﻳﺮﻓ ʆﺎﺘﺳﺮﻬﺷ ɺɷʈﺮﭘ ʈ ɺɸﻮﻣɮ ﺖﻳﺮﻳﺪﻣ
ﻲﻫﺎﮕﺸﻧɳ> ﺶﻴﭘ - ʆﺎﺘﺳﺮﻴﺑ>
ʆɳɷɳ> ﺖﻳɳﺪﻫ ﻪﻧɳﺮﺴﭘ

5
ɷɳﺪﻘﻣ 5 / 20 ɻﻮﻠﺧ ﺪﺻɷ> ﺎﺑ >ﺎﻨﺑﺮﻛ ʆʺʈɷﺪﻴﻫ ﻢﻴﺴﻠﻛ ʅﺮﮔ 79 ٪ >ﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻪﻳﺰﺠﺗ ﺎﻣﺮﮔ ﺮﺛɳ ɷ> . ɸɳ ﺲﭘ ﺮﮔɳ 5 / 2 ɿʈﺮﺷ ɸɳ ﻪﻘﻴﻗ>
ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ 4 / 12 ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ʇﺪﻧﺎﻣ ﻲﻗﺎﺑ ʆɮ ɸɳ ʅﺮﮔ .
ɮ ( ﺪﻳɷʈɮ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﻪﻴﻧﺎﺛ ﺮﺑ ʄﻮﻣ ﺐﺴﺣ ﺮﺑ ɳɷ >ﺎﻨﺑﺮﻛ ʆʺʈɷﺪﻴﻫ ﻢﻴﺴﻠﻛ ʁﺮﺼﻣ ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ .
ɴ ( ﺪﻳɷʈɮ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﻪﻴﻧﺎﺛ ﺮﺑ ﺮﺘﻴﻟ ﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﺐﺴﺣ ﺮﺑ ɳɷ ﺪﻴﺴﻛɳ @> ﻦﺑﺮﻛ ɸﺎﮔ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ .
) @ﺎﻬﻣﺮﺟ ɸﺎﻴﻧ >ɷﻮﻣ ﻲﻤﺗɳ : Ca = 40 C = 12 O = 16 H = 1 (

25 / 1
6
ﺪﻴﻫ> ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ʇﺪﺷ ʇ>ɳ> @ﺎﻬﻟɳﻮﺳ ﻪﺑ :
ɮ ( >ɷɳﺪﻧ >ﺮﺑɷﺎﻛ ﻲﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻚﻳ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ɷ> ﺎﻫ ʇ>ɷʈɮﺮﻓ ﺎﻳ ﺎﻫ ʇﺪﻨﻫ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ @ﺎﻫ ﻲﮔﮋﻳʈ ɸɳ ɸɳ ﻚﻴﻣɳﺪﻛ @ﺮﻴﮔ ʇɸɳﺪﻧɳ .
) ﻢﺠﺣ - ﺖﻈﻠﻏ - @ﺮﻳﺬﭘ ʄﻼﺤﻧɳ (
ɴ ( ﺪﻫ> ﻲﻣ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ ɳɷ @ɸﺎﮔ >ɳﻮﻣ @ﺎﻬﻟﻮﻜﻟﻮﻣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ ﻞﻤﻋ ʅɳﺪﻛ <ﻂﻳɳﺮﺷ ﺮﮕﻳ> ʆﺪﻧﺎﻣ ﺖﺑﺎﺛ ɽﺮﺷ ﻪﺑ
) ﺎﻣ> ʆ>ﺮﺑ ﻻﺎﺑ – ʁﺮﻇ ﻢﺠﺣ ﺶﻳɳﺰﻓɳ – >ɳﻮﻣ ﺖﻈﻠﻏ ﺶﻳɳﺰﻓɳ (
> ( ﻲﻣ @ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﻪﭼ ﺎﻣ> ﺶﻳɳﺰﻓɳ ﺎﺑ ﺖﻓɷ ﺖﻬﺟ ɷ> ʆɮ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ <ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺮﻴﮔﺎﻣﺮﮔ ﺖﺸﮔﺮﺑ ﺖﻬﺟ ɷ> ﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﺖﺸﮔﺮﺑ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻚﻳ ﺮﮔɳ
ﺪﻨﻛ .
> ( ﻲﻟ>ﺎﻌﺗ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ aA(g) ↔ bB(g) ﺮﺘﮔɷﺰﺑ ﻪﺘﺴﺑ ﺮﺳ ʁﺮﻇ ﻪﺑ ʄﺎﻘﺘﻧɳ ﺮﺛɳ ﺮﺑ ʈ ﺖﺸﮔﺮﺑ ﺖﻬﺟ ɷ> <ﺎﻣ> ﺶﻳɳﺰﻓɳ ﺎﺑ ) @ﺎﻣ> ɷ>
ﺖﺑﺎﺛ ( >ﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﺎﺠﺑﺎﺟ ﺖﻓɷ ﺖﻬﺟ ɷ> . ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ ﻚﻳ <ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ ) ʇ>ﺎﻣﺮﮔ - ﺮﻴﮔﺎﻣﺮﮔ ( ʆɮ ɷ> ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳɳ b ) ﺮﺘﻜﭼﻮﻛ - ﺮﺘﮔɷﺰﺑ ( ɸɳ
a ﺖﺳɳ .
ʇ ( ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ɷ> ﺮﮔɳ : ﺎﻫ ʇ>ɷʈɳﺮﻓ →  + ) ( ) ( g B g A ɳɷ ﺎﻫ ʇﺪﻨﻫ> ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ɸɳ ﻚﻳ ﺮﻫ ﺖﻈﻠﻏ < 4 >ɳﺪﻌﺗ <ﻢﻴﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺮﺑɳﺮﺑ
@ﺎﻬﻟﻮﻜﻟﻮﻣ @ﺎﻫ>ɷﻮﺧﺮﺑ A ʈ B =ﺪﺷ ﺪﻫɳﻮﺧ ﺮﺑɳﺮﺑ ﺪﻨﭼ


25 / 1
7
ﻢﺠﺣ ﻪﺑ @ﺎﻫ ﻪﻈﻔﺤﻣ ɷ> V liter @ﺎﻣ> ﺎﺑ ʈ 727℃ < o/25 mol SO2(g) ʈ o.2 mol O2(g) ﻲﻣ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻢﻫ ﺎﺑ
ﺪﻨﻫ> . <ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ @ɷɳﺮﻗﺮﺑ ɸɳ ﺲﭘ o/16 mol SO3(g) >ɷɳ> >ﻮﺟʈ ﻪﻈﻔﺤﻣ ɷ> .
@ɸﺎﮔ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ ﺖﺑﺎﺛ ﺮﮔɳ 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) ﺮﺑɳﺮﺑ 26/33 ﺪﻨﭼ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ʁﺮﻇ ﻢﺠﺣ <ﺪﺷﺎﺑ
=ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻲﻣ ﺮﺘﻴﻟ

25 / 1
8
ﺮﮔɳ 20 / 0 ʄﻮﻣ NO
(g)
@ﺎﻣ> ɷ> K 2600 <>ﻮʀﺷ ʇ>ɳ> ɷɳﺮʀﻗ @ﺮﺘﻴﻟ ﻚﻳ ʁﺮﻇ ﻚﻳ ɷ> 22 ɸɳ ﺪʀﺻɷ> NO
(g)
ʄ>ﺎʀﻌﺗ ﺖʀﻟﺎﺣ ɷ>
>ﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﻚﻴﻜﻔﺗ : N2(g) + O2(g) 2NO(g)
ﻒﻟɳ ( ﻲﻟ>ﺎﻌﺗ @ﺎﻬﺘﻈﻠﻏ NO
(g)
< N
2(g)
ʈ O
2(g)
=ﺖﺳɳ ɷﺪﻘﭼ
ɴ ( ɷɳﺪﻘﻣ K =ﺖﺳɳ ɷﺪﻘﭼ ﺎﻣ> ﻦﻳɳ ɷ>


25 / 1
9
ﻢﺠﺣ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻧﺎﮔɳﺪﺟ ʄﻮﻠﺤﻣ ʈ> ɷ> ﺮﻳɸ @ﺎﻬﻟ>ﺎﻌﺗ 100 ml ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻫ ɷɳﺮﻗﺮﺑ . ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ʈ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﺖﻤﺴﻗ >ɷﺎﺧ ʅﻮﻬﻔﻣ ɸɳ ʇ>ﺎﻔﺘﺳɳ ﺎﺑ
ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ ʈ> ﺮﻫ ﻪﺑ ﺮﮔɳ ﺪﻴﻫ> ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺗ ﺎﻬﺘﻈﻠﻏ 100 ml ﺪﻫ> ﻲﻣ >ɷ ﺎﻬﻟ>ﺎﻌﺗ ɸɳ ﻚﻳ ﺮﻫ ɷ> @ﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﻪﭼ ﻢﻴﻨﻛ ﻪﻓﺎﺿɳ ﺮﻄﻘﻣ ɴɮ . ɳﺮﭼ
1) Cu(s) + 2Ag(aq) ↔ Cu(aq) + 2Ag(s
2) Cu(aq) + Mg(s) ↔ Cu(s) + Mg(aq)


25 / 1
10
ﺪﻳﺮﻴﮕﺑ ﺮﻈﻧ ɷ> ɳɷ ʈﺮﺑʈɷ ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ :
2A(g) B(g)

ﺎﻣ> ) C 0 (
ﻲﻟ>ﺎﻌﺗ
] A [
ﻲﻟ>ﺎﻌﺗ
] B [
400 65 / 0 25 / 0
300 76 / 0 14 / 0
ﺪﻴﻫ> ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺗ =ﺮﻴﮔﺎﻣﺮﮔ ﺎﻳ ﺖﺳɳ ʇ>ﺎﻣﺮﮔ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ < ʄʈﺪﺟ ﺎﻫ ʇ>ɳ> ﻪﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺎﺑ .

1
11
ﻞﻜﺷ ﻦﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺮﻈﻧ ɷ>ﺎﺑ : ʁﺮﻇ ʈ> ﻦﻴﺑ ﺮﻴﺷ ʆ>ﺮﻛ ɸﺎﺑ ɸɳ ﺲﭘ

ʄ>ﺎﻌﺗ N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) = ɳﺮﭼ = >ﻮﺷ ﻲﻣ ﺎﺟ ﻪﺑ ﺎﺟ ﺖﻤﺳ ʅɳﺪﻛ ﻪﺑ

1
12
<ʅﺮﻓʈﺮﻠﻛ CHCl3(g) <ﺮﻠﻛ ﺎﺑ < Cl2(g) ʈ ﺪﻫ> ﻲﻣ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ CCl4(g) HCl(g) ﺪﻨﻛ ﻲﻣ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ . ﻪﺑ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻦﻳɳ ɷﺎﻛʈɸﺎﺳ
ﺖﺳɳ ﺮﻳɸ >ɷﻮﺻ :
ﻪﻠﺣﺮﻣ 1 : ) ( ) ( ) ( 2 g Cl g Cl g Cl + → 
ﻪﻠﺣﺮﻣ 2 : ) ( ) ( 3 ) ( ) ( 3 g HCl g CCl g Cl g CHCl + →  +
ﻪﻠﺣﺮﻣ 3 : ) ( 4 ) ( ) ( 3 g CCl g Cl g CCl →  +
ɮ ( ﻪﺑ ﺖﺒﺴﻧ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﺮﮔɳ CHCl3(g) ﻪﺑ ﺖﺒﺴﻧ ʈ ʄʈɳ ﻪﺒﺗﺮﻣ ɸɳ Cl2(g) ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻢﻴﻧ ﻪﺒﺗﺮﻣ ɸɳ . ʅɳﺪﻛ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ﻪﻠﺣﺮﻣ ﻦﻳﺮﺗﺪﻨﻛ
=ɳﺮﭼ =ﺖﺳɳ ﻪﻠﺣﺮﻣ
ɴ ( ʇɷɶ ) >ɳɷɶ ( =ﺪﻨﻣɳﺪﻛ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ ɷ> ﻂﺳɳʈ ﺪﺣ
C ( ﺪﻴﺴﻳﻮﻨﺑ ɳɷ ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻧ ﺶﻨﻛɳʈ <ʇﺪﺷ ʇ>ɳ> @ﺎﻬﺸﻨﻛɳʈ ɹﺎﺳɳ ﺮﺑ .

25 / 1

ﺎﻬﻟɳﻮﺳ ʅɷﺎﺑ ﻊﻤﺟ 15 ʇﺮﻤﻧ



You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->