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ENGLISH PRACTICE

INSTRUCTIONS:
WORK IN GROUP OF FIVE STUDENTS.
READ THE DOCUMENT AT ALL.
CONSTRUCT 6 SENTENCES USING CONDITIONAL IF.
FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH SHOULD/ SHOULD NOT CORRECTLY.
PLACE THE WORKSHOP IN ONENOTE TOOL.
THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE LAND, AIR, AND WATER POLLUTION PROBLEM.
Pollution Crisis is a major problem all around the world. It has adversely affected the lives of millions of
people and caused many deaths and health disorders.
Pollution is contamination by a chemical or other agent that renders part of the environment unfit for
intended or desired use. It deserves emphasis that the environment also refers to the place where you
live. Natural processes have released toxic chemicals into the environment throughout the history of the
earth. Currently, the pollution generated by human activities presents the most serious problem.
When there is contact, effects can be disastrous. The most severe toxic effect of a pollutant is lethal/
death.
There may be damage to the brain and other parts of the nervous system, bones and other important
organs of the human body. One example of this is the contact with lead through paint, crayons or
discarded lead batteries.
Inhalation of some pollutants can cause cancer, e.g. cigarette smoke or airborne asbestos.
Types of Pollution
A useful way of classifying pollution is in terms of the media (air, water or land) that are affected by the
pollutants.
Land
Solid wastes generated during industrial processes are sometimes indiscriminately dumped on land. This
can result in poisonous substances entering the soil. These poisons can seep through the soil and into the
underground water systems, eventually reaching the rivers and streams and entering the food chain.

In addition, solid waste is constantly generated through discarding into ditches, gullies and backyards
such things as:
Old tires or old car parts
Old lead/motor car batteries
Miscellaneous building materials
Animal carcasses
These block waterways and can cause serious health hazards. Another source of pollution is the dumping
of garbage on open sites.
Air pollution
Is the presence of contaminants or substances in the air that interferes with the health of living
organisms, air pollutants include:
Chemicals smoke and dust
Radiation
Vehicle exhaust
Burning garbage
Agricultural, industrial wastes and industrial smoke emissions
Often these activities occur in heavily populated areas. Air pollution is linked to lung diseases, cancer, eye
and sinus problems.



Noise
Frequent exposure to high levels of noise can cause headaches, high level of stress and temporary or
permanent deafness. Sleep as well as concentration can be affected by noise. Some sources of noise
pollution include:
Loud music and talking
Honking horns
Industrial activity (factory noise)
Low flying aeroplanes and motor vehicles


CONSTRUCT SENTENCES USING CONDITIONALS IF

EXAMPLE:

If people do not throw garbage in the rivers it will not have water pollution.

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SHORT PRACTICE

FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH SHOULD AND SHOULD NOT CORRECTLY.

1. People __________________ throw garbage on the street.
2. The government ______________________ apply a law for those people throw waste in the
rivers.
3. Schools _________________________ promote a recycling program.
4. People __________________________ smoke, it can cause cancer.
5. We ________________________get involved in environmental action groups.
6. We ________________________ report offensive odors and emissions from factories and
commercial sites.
7. Human activities _______________________ contribute with the environmental pollution.
8. The government ________________________ remain quiet about this serious problem.