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# Base kVA 40000 C1 = Cable from Bushbuck s/s to HT panel at MCR

Base voltage (kV) 132 C2 = Cable HT panel at MCR to RMU-1
Base voltage (kV) 22 C3 = Cable RMU-1 to RMU-2
C4 = Cable RMU-2 to RMU-3
Utility
Utility fault level (kA) 35
Utility voltage level (kV) 132
Utility MVA = sqrt(3)*132*35 8002.0747
p.u Impedance at utility = Base MVA / Utility MVA = 4.999
Transformer P.Trafo Inv.Trafo (T1) Inv.Trafo (T2) Inv.Trafo (T3)
kVA rating (kVA) 40000 1600 1600 1600
Primary voltage (kV) 132 22 22 22
Secondry voltage (kV) 22 0.36 0.36 0.36
% Impedance as per IS = 12% 0.11 0.06 0.06 0.06
p.u Impedance P.Trafo = %Imp. * Base kVA / Trafo kVA = 0.11 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cables C1 C2 C3 C4
Voltage level 22 22 22 22
Cable length (kM) 2.5 0.53 0.342 0.34
No. of runs 5 1 1 1
Cable size 3Cx240 3Cx241 3Cx242 3Cx243
Resistance/km (ohm) 0.162 0.162 0.162 0.162
Reactance/km (Ohm) 0.104 0.104 0.104 0.104
Impedance (Ohm) 0.19251 0.19251 0.19251 0.19251
Total impedance for runs 0.09625 0.10203 0.06584 0.06545
p.u Impedance Cable = Impedance* Base kVA / 1000*voltage
2
= 0.00795 0.00843 0.00544 0.00541
1 Fault F1 at HT panel Bushbuck
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 1.5054
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 0.7513
X2 & C3 are in series = X3 0.7568
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 0.5030
X4 & C2 are in series = X5 0.5114
X5 & C1 are in series = X6 0.5194
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer is in parallel = X7 0.1076
X6 & X7 are in parallel with HT Panel bus at Bushbuck = X8 0.0892
So calculated Fault (F1) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 11.7744 kA
2 Fault F2 at HT panel MCR
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 1.5054
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 0.7513
X2 & C3 are in series = X3 0.7568
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 0.5030
X4 & C2 are in series = X5 0.5114
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in parallel = X6 0.1076
X6 & C1 are in series = X7 0.1156
X5 & X7 are in parallel with HT Panel bus at MCR = X8 0.0943
So calculated Fault (F2) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 11.1346 kA
3 Fault F3 at RMU-1
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 1.5054
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 0.7513
X2 & C3 are in series = X3 0.7568
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 0.5030
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in parallel = X5 0.1076
X5 & C1 are in series = X6 0.1156
X6 & C2 are in series = X7 0.1240
X7 & X4 are in parallel with RMU-1 Bus = X8 0.0994893
So calculated Fault (F3) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 10.5515 kA
4 Fault F4 at RMU-2
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 1.5054
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 0.7513
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in parallel = X3 0.1076
X3 & C1 are in series = X4 0.1156
X4 & C2 are in series = X5 0.1240
X6 & T1 are in parallel = X7 0.1145
X7 & C3 are in series = X8 0.1200
X2 & X8 are in parallel with RMU-2 = X9 0.1035
So calculated Fault (F4) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X9 = 10.1459 kA
4 Fault F5 at RMU-3
Step-1
T3 = 1.5000
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in parallel = X1 0.1076
X1 & C1 are in series = X2 0.1156
X2 & C2 are in series = X3 0.1240
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 0.1145
X4 & C3 are in series = X5 0.1200
X5 & T2 are in parallel = X6 0.1111
X6 & C4 are in parallel = X7 0.1165
X7 & T3 are in parallel with RMU-3 = X8 0.1081
So calculated Fault (F5) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 9.7098 kA
Base kVA 40000 C1 = Cable from Bushbuck s/s to HT panel at MCR
Base voltage (kV) 132 C2 = Cable HT panel at MCR to RMU-1
Base voltage (kV) 22 C3 = Cable RMU-1 to RMU-2
C4 = Cable RMU-2 to RMU-3
Utility
Utility fault level (kA) 35
Utility voltage level (kV) 132
Utility MVA = sqrt(3)*132*35 8002.07473
Transformers P.Trafo Inv.Trafo (T1) Inv.Trafo (T2) Inv.Trafo (T3)
Transformer rating (MVA) 40 1.6 1.6 1.6
Primary voltage (kV) 132 22 22 22
Secondry voltage (kV) 22 0.36 0.36 0.36
% Impedance as per IS 0.11 0.06 0.06 0.06
Fault MVA of Transformers = MVA rating / %Impedance 363.636 26.667 26.667 26.667
Cables C1 C2 C3 C4
Voltage level 22 22 22 22
Cable length (kM) 2.5 0.53 0.342 0.34
No. of runs 5 1 1 1
Cable size 3Cx240 3Cx241 3Cx242 3Cx243
Resistance/km (ohm) 0.162 0.162 0.162 0.162
Reactance/km (Ohm) 0.104 0.104 0.104 0.104
Impedance (Ohm) 0.19251 0.19251 0.19251 0.19251
Total impedance for runs 0.09625 0.10203 0.06584 0.06545
Fault MVA of Cable = Voltage
2
/ Impedance 5028.317 4743.695 7351.341 7394.584
1 Fault F1 at HT panel Bushbuck
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 26.571
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 53.238
X2 & C3 are in series = X3 52.855
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 79.521
X4 & C2 are in series = X5 78.210
X5 & C1 are in series = X6 77.012
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer is in series = X7 347.8300
X6 & X7 are in parallel with HT Panel bus at Bushbuck = X8 424.8425
So calculated Fault (F1) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 11.1496 kA
2 Fault F2 at HT panel MCR
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 26.5708
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 53.2375
X2 & C3 are in series = X3 52.8547
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 79.5214
X4 & C2 are in series = X5 78.2103
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in series = X6 347.8300
X6 & C1 are in series = X7 325.3258
X5 & X7 are in parallel with HT Panel bus at MCR = X8 403.5362
So calculated Fault (F2) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 10.5904 kA
3 Fault F3 at RMU-1
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 26.5708
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 53.2375
X2 & C3 are in series = X3 52.8547
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 79.5214
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in series = X5 347.8300
X5 & C1 are in series = X6 325.3258
X6 & C2 are in series = X7 304.4467
X7 & X4 are in parallel with RMU-1 Bus = X8 383.9681
So calculated Fault (F3) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 10.0768 kA
4 Fault F4 at RMU-2
Step-1
T3 & C4 are in series = X1 26.5708
X1 & T2 are in parallel = X2 53.2375
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in series = X3 347.8300
X3 & C1 are in series = X4 325.3258
X4 & C2 are in series = X5 304.4467
X6 & T1 are in parallel = X7 331.1133
X7 & C3 are in series = X8 316.8424
X2 & X8 are in parallel with RMU-2 = X9 370.0799
So calculated Fault (F4) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X9 = 9.7124 kA
4 Fault F5 at RMU-3
Step-1
T3 = 26.6667
Step-2
Utility & Power transformer are in parallel = X1 347.8300
X1 & C1 are in series = X2 325.3258
X2 & C2 are in series = X3 304.4467
X3 & T1 are in parallel = X4 331.1133
X4 & C3 are in series = X5 316.8424
X5 & T2 are in parallel = X6 343.5090
X6 & C4 are in parallel = X7 328.2600
X7 & T3 are in parallel with RMU-3 = X8 354.9267
So calculated Fault (F5) = Base kVA/ sqrt(3)*Base kV*X8 = 9.3147 kA