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WELCOME

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Sniffer Technology
To Detect Lost Mobile
SUBMITTED BY

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SEMINAR OVERVIEW
Introduction

IMEI

Designing Of Sniffer

Working Of Sniffer Device

Advantages and Disadvantages

Conclusion

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INTRODUCTION
The main scope of this paper is to detect the lost mobiles.

By using IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) we
can prevent unauthorized person from making and receiving
calls.

However there has been no development or very little
progress for the detection of the lost mobile phone.

For the detection of lost mobile SNIFFER plays a vital role.



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ABOUT IMEI

Each mobile device has a unique IMEI.

IMEI numbering system is a 15 digit unique code ,used to
identify the GSM/DCS/PCS phone.

To know the IMEI number the *#06# has to be pressed.






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If a mobile phone is stolen, the owner can call network provider
and instruct them to Blacklist" the phone using its IMEI.

Network provider put the IMEI into Equipment Identity
Register (EIR).

When that phone is switched on, this unique IMEI number is
transmitted and checked against a data base of black listed
phones in the EIR.

If the EIR and IMEI match, the stolen phone cannot access the
network.

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DESIGNING OF SNIFFER

Designed precisely.
Size should be reduced (for easy mobility).
The sniffer device can be called as a mobile base station.
Important components:
1. Sniffer base station
2. Unidirectional antenna
3. Software for the tracking





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SNIFFER BASE STATION

Used to maintain the frequency.
Sniffer includes transceiver section.
It should operate at a frequency that is much different
from the frequency of lost mobile.
Generate a frequency around 900MHz range(VHF).
Cooling is also provided to the circuit.
Sniffer uses a low power transmitter.
Reduces the interference with other devices.


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UNIDIRECTIONAL ANTENNA
The directional antenna has a major role in the design of
transmitter.

Antenna is a device which works at specified frequencies
range for transmitting or receiving the data signal.

Antennas transmit power depending on lobe pattern.

Lobe pattern varies from one antenna to the other.

The lobe pattern is a two dimensional diagrams that is used to
show radiation pattern.

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Radiation pattern of directional antenna
The power radiated by the antenna, effective area of the
antenna, and effective gain should be properly designed.
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SOFTWARE FOR TRACKING
Helps in the process of creation of the data base,using a RAM.
RAM stores the IMEI of the lost mobile.
Software has the input as the IMEI from the RAM.
SQL query fetches the IMEI number from RAM.
After getting IMEI number, it checks for getting any
signalling information from the lost device that might
respond to the signal sent by the sniffer.
The programming is done with C or Java.
Front end is designed using VB.
Oracle SQL is the back end.



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MS , BTS , BSC , MSC
Mobile Station(MS)
MS is made up of two components





1.Mobile Equipment(ME):
Each phone is uniquely identified by IMEI.
IMEI is burned into the phone by the manufacturer.
2.Subscriber Identity Module (SIM):
Each SIM is uniquely identified by IMSI(International
Mobile Subscriber Identity).
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Base Transceiver Station (BTS)
Responsible for radio communications between
the network and the MS.

Base Station Controller (BSC)
BSC controls multiple BTSs.

Mobile Switching Centre (MSC)
MSC handles multiple BSCs.
Coordinates with other MSCs.


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WORKING OF SNIFFER DEVICE
The working of sniffer is of two phases
1. Before Sniffer increases the frequency
2. After Sniffer increases the frequency





Before Sniffer increases the frequency
BTS acts as a middle man in the process of communication
between the mobile and the MSC (MTSO).

There is two way communication between devices.

Before the communication establishment, the authentication of
SIM card (Using IMSI) and handset (Using IMEI) is done.

The EIR is located at MSC and it contains the IMEI of the lost
mobile.


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The initial connection between the
cellular network and lost mobile phone
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After Sniffer increases the frequency
Information regarding the IMEI of the lost device is fed into
the sniffers main memory.
The BTS disconnects the connection with the lost mobile
phone, as there is a request regarding this action from the
EIR part of the MSC.
When the sniffer device is being deployed, the lost device
finds the sniffer to get itself locked to the frequency of the
sniffer.
The connection between the sniffer and the mobile phone is
established.
The IMEI of the lost mobile is validated with the stored
IMEI.
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Sniffer communicating

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Searching process can be aided with the GPS system for more
accurate and fast detection.

Sniffer is operated in a frequency that is different from the
frequency adopted by the cell and nearby ones.

Hence the interference from the nearby cell can be avoided.

The directional antenna is used in finding the location of the
mobile phone.

After getting connected with the mobile it creates a virtual
cell pattern and thus helps in the detection of lost mobile
phones.
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ADVANTAGES
Finding the lost mobiles effectively.
Cost effective.
Low power consumption.
Easy to design.


DISADVANTAGES
Power of the mobile should be good enough.

The mobile phone should not be in the shadow region.

Initial cost is high.



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CONCLUSION
In todays life mobile phones are the mainly used device for
communication.
So large number of complaints regarding the mobile phone
that lost are comes.
This method appears to be complex , but for large scale
detection the overall effective cost of the design down.
There are certain boundary conditions.
This method can be improved by using modern techniques.
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THANK YOU
Questions ?
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