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Slums of the World: The face of urban poverty in the new millennium

Slums of the World: The face of urban poverty in the new millennium

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The current paper presents the results of a first global enumeration of slums at the country level. The data are analyzed and comparisons established at sub-regional and regional levels while trying to understand what is happening globally. This document is the culmination of attempts to come to grips with changes in the way we measure slums, starting by providing an agreed universal definition of this type of settlements and a clear methodological approach. The preliminary estimations presented in this document represent a baseline year level that permits the preparation of quantitative estimates for future trends. By providing the methodology and the quantitative knowledge base, the document strives to enhance the use of information on urban poverty, as a powerful policy-making tool to help induce the desired structural changes for poverty alleviation.
The current paper presents the results of a first global enumeration of slums at the country level. The data are analyzed and comparisons established at sub-regional and regional levels while trying to understand what is happening globally. This document is the culmination of attempts to come to grips with changes in the way we measure slums, starting by providing an agreed universal definition of this type of settlements and a clear methodological approach. The preliminary estimations presented in this document represent a baseline year level that permits the preparation of quantitative estimates for future trends. By providing the methodology and the quantitative knowledge base, the document strives to enhance the use of information on urban poverty, as a powerful policy-making tool to help induce the desired structural changes for poverty alleviation.

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08/13/2015

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Taking into account the pattern ofpopulation growth in the poorest Pacific
Islands,it is expected that slum will increase in coming years,particularly in
Kiribati and Fiji.According to Figure 14,the rural population in both countries
has been declining since 1995 and will continue the downward trend falling
below the steadily increasing urban population by the period 2000-2005.This
accelerated process ofurbanization will exacerbate the incapacity oflocal
authorities to provide basic services to meet the growing needs ofan expanding
population,especially considering that both countries are facing serious
problems ofweak local revenue generation and increased budget deficits,
compounded with the difficulties generated by natural disasters,civil unrest and
political disturbance.114

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