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7073 Chapter1 Slides

7073 Chapter1 Slides

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Digital Communications
Digital Communications

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Chapter 1: Introduction

A First Course in Digital Communications
Ha H. Nguyen and E. Shwedyk
February 2009
A First Course in Digital Communications 1/8
Chapter 1: Introduction
Analog and Digital Amplitude Modulations
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A First Course in Digital Communications 2/8
Chapter 1: Introduction
What is Digital Communication?
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A First Course in Digital Communications 3/8
Chapter 1: Introduction
Why Digital Communications?
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A First Course in Digital Communications 4/8
Chapter 1: Introduction
Why Digital Communications?
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A First Course in Digital Communications 5/8
Chapter 1: Introduction
Regenerative Repeater in Digital Communications
Propagation distance
Original pulse Some distortion Degraded
Severely
degraded
Regenerated
2 1 3 4 5
Digital communications: Transmitted signals belong to a
finite set of waveforms → The distorted signal can be
recovered to its ideal shape, hence removing all the noise.
Analog communications: Transmitted signals are analog
waveforms, which can take infinite variety of shapes → Once
the analog signal is distorted, the distortion cannot be
removed.
A First Course in Digital Communications 6/8
Chapter 1: Introduction
Block Diagram of a Communication System
Source
(User)
Transmitter Channel Receiver
Sink
(User)
Synchronization
Transmitter Receiver
Source
Encoder
Channel
Encoder
Modulator
De-
modulator
Channel
Decoder
Source
Decoder
(a)
(b)
Note: “Synchronization” block is only present in a digital system.
A First Course in Digital Communications 7/8
Chapter 1: Introduction
Digital vs. Analog
Advantages:
Digital signals are much easier to be regenerated.
Digital circuits are less subject to distortion and interference.
Digital circuits are more reliable and can be produced at a
lower cost than analog circuits.
It is more flexible to implement digital hardware than analog
hardware.
Digital signals are beneficial from digital signal processing
(DSP) techniques.
Disadvantages:
Heavy signal processing.
Synchronization is crucial.
Larger transmission bandwidth.
Non-graceful degradation.
A First Course in Digital Communications 8/8

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