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Name of the work:- B.T.

to the Road from DPN Road at 36/2 to Suradavanipeta

Est.Cost:-Rs.529.21 lakhs

Grant:- PMGSY Ph-VI

DESIGN OF LOW LEVEL VENTED CAUSEWAY AT 2/7+50m

DISTRICT : SRIKAKULAM

CIRCLE : SRIKAKULAM
AT 2/7+50m
Cross section at Proposed Causeway site
101.000

100.500

100.000

99.500

99.000

98.500

98.000

97.500

97.000

96.500

96.000

95.500

95.000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260
95.000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260

Asst.Exe.Engineer Deputy.Exe.Engineer Exe.Engineer


PR,Ichapuram PR,Ichapuram PR,Srikakulam

Defined Cross section at 20m U/S of Proposed Causew


site
101.000

100.500

100.000

99.500

99.000

98.500

98.000

97.500

97.000

96.500
98.000

97.500

97.000

96.500

96.000

95.500

95.000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 28

Asst.Exe.Engineer Deputy.Exe.Engineer Exe.Engineer


PR,Ichapuram PR,Ichapuram PR,Srikakulam

Cross section at Proposed Causeway site super imposed with causeway section
101.000

100.000
Cross section at Proposed Causeway site super imposed with causeway section
101.000

100.000

99.000 98.975
98.225
98.000
97.765
97.395
97.000
96.775
96.485
96.335 96.315 96.445
96.305 96.305
96.275 96.255 96.245 96.225
96.000 96.085

95.000

94.000

93.000
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Asst.Exe.Engineer Deputy.Exe.Engineer
PR,Ichapuram PR,Ichapuram

Cross section at Proposed Causeway site super imposed with causeway section
101.000

100.000

99.000 98.975
98.225
98.000
97.765
97.395
97.000
96.775
96.485
96.335 96.315 96.445
96.305 96.305
96.275 96.255 96.245 96.225
96.000 96.085

95.000

94.000

93.000
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
94.000

93.000
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

Cross section at 200m U/S of


Proposed Bridge site
90
89.86
89.73
89.5

89.29 89.28
89
Level

88.73
89.29 89.28
89

Reduced Level 88.73


88.5 88.52

88
87.82

87.5

87
0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Reach

Asst.Exe.Engineer Deputy.Exe.Engineer
PR,Ichapuram PR,Ichapuram
way site

40 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400


40 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400

sed Causeway
0 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400
Actual Location of Cause way

Chainage BS IS FS HI RL Remarks
1.52 99.21 97.685 TBM 17
0 0.23 99.21 98.975
5 0.98 99.21 98.225
10 1.44 99.21 97.765
15 1.81 99.21 97.395
20 2.43 99.21 96.775
25 2.72 99.21 96.485
30 2.87 99.21 96.335
35 2.93 99.21 96.275
40 2.89 99.21 96.315
45 2.95 99.21 96.255
50 2.9 99.21 96.305
55 2.76 99.21 96.445
60 2.96 99.21 96.245
65 3.12 99.21 96.085
70 2.98 99.21 96.225
75 2.9 99.21 96.305
80 3 99.21 96.205
85 3.08 99.21 96.125
90 2.95 99.21 96.255
95 2.88 99.21 96.325
100 2.88 99.21 96.325
105 2.98 99.21 96.225
110 3.05 99.21 96.155
115 3.05 99.21 96.155
120 2.95 99.21 96.255
125 2.92 99.21 96.285
130 2.86 99.21 96.345
135 2.94 99.21 96.265
140 2.9 99.21 96.305
145 2.89 99.21 96.315
150 2.87 99.21 96.335
155 2.95 99.21 96.255
160 2.96 2.96 99.21 96.245
165 2.93 99.205 96.275
170 2.95 99.205 96.255
175 3 99.205 96.205
180 3.02 99.205 96.185
185 2.99 99.205 96.215
190 3.04 99.205 96.165
195 3.03 99.205 96.175
200 3.03 99.205 96.175
205 3.04 99.205 96.165
210 3.04 99.205 96.165
215 3.03 99.205 96.175
220 2.98 99.205 96.225
225 2.98 99.205 96.225
230 3.01 99.205 96.195
235 3.02 99.205 96.185
240 3.06 99.205 96.145
245 3.05 99.205 96.155
250 3.08 99.205 96.125
255 3.03 99.205 96.175
260 2.94 99.205 96.265
265 2.93 99.205 96.275
270 3.01 99.205 96.195
275 2.98 99.205 96.225
280 3.11 99.205 96.095
285 2.97 99.205 96.235
290 2.69 99.205 96.515
295 2.74 99.205 96.465
300 2.79 99.205 96.415
305 2.86 99.205 96.345
310 2.86 99.205 96.345
315 2.61 99.205 96.595
320 2.74 99.205 96.465
325 2.76 99.205 96.445
330 2.88 99.205 96.325
335 2.86 99.205 96.345
340 2.96 99.205 96.245
345 3.06 99.205 96.145
350 3.02 99.205 96.185
355 2.8 99.205 96.405
360 2.65 99.205 96.555
365 2.63 99.205 96.575

At Defined Cross-Section(20m U/S of proposed causeway)

Chainage BS IS FS HI RL Remarks
1.52 99.21 97.685 TBM 17
0 0.43 99.21 98.775
5 0.98 99.21 98.225
10 1.44 99.21 97.765
15 1.81 99.21 97.395
20 2.23 99.21 96.975
25 2.52 99.21 96.685
30 2.67 99.21 96.535
35 2.73 99.21 96.475
40 2.69 99.21 96.515
45 2.75 99.21 96.455
50 2.7 99.21 96.505
55 2.56 99.21 96.645
60 2.76 99.21 96.445
65 2.92 99.21 96.285
70 2.78 99.21 96.425
75 2.7 99.21 96.505
80 2.8 99.21 96.405
85 2.88 99.21 96.325
90 2.75 99.21 96.455
95 2.68 99.21 96.525
100 2.68 99.21 96.525
105 2.78 99.21 96.425
110 2.85 99.21 96.355
115 2.85 99.21 96.355
120 2.75 99.21 96.455
125 2.72 99.21 96.485
130 2.66 99.21 96.545
135 2.74 99.21 96.465
140 2.7 99.21 96.505
145 2.69 99.21 96.515
150 2.67 99.21 96.535
155 2.75 99.21 96.455
160 2.76 2.76 99.21 96.445
165 2.73 99.205 96.475
170 2.75 99.205 96.455
175 2.8 99.205 96.405
180 2.82 99.205 96.385
185 2.79 99.205 96.415
190 2.84 99.205 96.365
195 2.83 99.205 96.375
200 2.83 99.205 96.375
205 2.84 99.205 96.365
210 2.84 99.205 96.365
215 2.83 99.205 96.375
220 2.78 99.205 96.425
225 2.78 99.205 96.425
230 2.81 99.205 96.395
235 2.82 99.205 96.385
240 2.86 99.205 96.345
245 2.85 99.205 96.355
250 2.88 99.205 96.325
255 2.83 99.205 96.375
260 2.74 99.205 96.465
265 2.73 99.205 96.475
270 2.81 99.205 96.395
275 2.78 99.205 96.425
280 2.91 99.205 96.295
285 2.77 99.205 96.435
290 2.49 99.205 96.715
295 2.54 99.205 96.665
300 2.59 99.205 96.615
305 2.66 99.205 96.545
310 2.66 99.205 96.545
315 2.41 99.205 96.795
320 2.54 99.205 96.665
325 2.56 99.205 96.645
330 2.68 99.205 96.525
335 2.66 99.205 96.545
340 2.76 99.205 96.445
345 2.86 99.205 96.345
350 2.82 99.205 96.385
355 2.6 99.205 96.605
360 2.45 99.205 96.755
365 2.43 99.205 96.775

Asst.Exe.Engineer Dy.Exe. Engineer


PR,Ichapuram PR,Kotabommali

Executive Engineer Superintending Engineer


PR,Srikakulam PR,Srikakulam
DESIGN OF CAUSEWAY

I)Design Aspects&Specifications

a)Hydralic Aspects:

i)The Maximum design discharge is calculated based on both Catchment area method
(By using Dicken's formula and Ryve's formula) and Area-Velocity method taking cross-sections of stream at
as per IRC:SP 13.

ii)No vertical clearence is necessary

iii)As the mean velocity of flow is less than 2.6m/sec,protection of entry and exit ends
is not necessary unless otherwise required based on scour depth calculations.

iv)Scour depth calculations were done based on IRC: SP 13 and raft foundations are
proposed for box culvert with cut-off walls and launching approns.

b)Foundation Concrete:

i)The bearing capacity of the soil is taken as 10t/m2,because clayey soil is met with
upto 4.0m depth below LBL.

ii)Hence raft foundation is proposed at 2.00m depth.Cut-off walls and launching aprons
are designed and proposed as per IRC 89-1985

ii)The foundation level is below water table.Hence 10% extra cement is allowed as per
IRC:SP 20.

c)Head walls:

i)The design of head wall is carried out treating the wall as gravity retaining wall for
the scoured height.

ii)Face walls at ends are proposed.They are also designed as gravity retaining walls.

d)Box Culvert:

i)5 Nos of Box culverts of each having section 2.3m width and 2.3m height are provided
at central portion of the causeway.The section and reinforcement details given in IRC SP-20 are adopted.

e)Approach slab:

i)Approach slab for a length 3.50m behind the abutments for full formation width is
proposed with M25 grade VRCC as per IRC:SP 20

f)Expansion Joints:

i)Expansion joints with 2Nos of MS angles with MS plate are provided.


g)Weep holes&Water spouts:

i)In abutments,Weep holes are provided above G.L @ 100mm c/c both horizontal and
vertical directions in staggered manner with 1 in 20 slope to the retaining face with 100mm AC pipes of Cl-15.

ii) GI drainage spouts are provided @ 2 Nos per one deck,each at about 2.65m from the
decking edge.

h)Back filling in between head walls:

i)Back filling inn between head walls is provided with granular material consisting of
75% gravel and 25% sand for full depth for the entire length.

l)Approches:

i)Approaches are proposed with side earth consolidated to OMC.

Assistant Exe.Engineer Dy.Exe. Engineer Executive Engineer


PR,Ichapuram PR,Kotabommali PR,Srikakulam

Superintending Engineer
PR,Srikakulam
DESIGN OF VENTED CAUSE WAY

Hydraulic Data:-

Parameter Data Unit


Catchment area(As plotted from Topo sheets) 98.6 Sq.Km
Bed width of defined Cross-Section 305 Metre
Bank width of defined cross-section 365 Metre
HFL 98.89 Metre
LBL(Lowest Bed Level) 96.09 Metre
Discharge by Dicken's Formula 406.77 Cumec
Discharge by Area-Velocity Method 1272.64 Cumec
Protected Bed Level 99.48 Metre
RTL(Road Top Level) 98.34 Metre
Annual Rain fall 1360 mm

1)Area Velocity method:-

At the proposed causeway site:-

Maximum Flood level 98.89m


Slope 0.0005
Rugosity Coefficient 0.03

S.No Chainage R.L Depth of Average Distance Area Wetted


flow depth of (m) (Sqm) perimeter
(m) flow (m)
(m)

1 0 98.98 0.09 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00


2 5 98.23 0.66 0.38 5.00 1.88 5.05
3 10 97.77 1.12 0.89 5.00 4.45 5.02
4 15 97.40 1.49 1.31 5.00 6.53 5.01
5 20 96.78 2.11 1.80 5.00 9.00 5.04
6 25 96.49 2.40 2.26 5.00 11.28 5.03
7 30 96.34 2.55 2.48 5.00 12.38 5.02
8 35 96.28 2.61 2.58 5.00 12.90 5.01
9 40 96.32 2.57 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.03
10 45 96.26 2.63 2.60 5.00 13.00 5.04
11 50 96.31 2.58 2.61 5.00 13.03 5.05
12 55 96.45 2.44 2.51 5.00 12.55 5.05
13 60 96.25 2.64 2.54 5.00 12.70 5.02
14 65 96.09 2.80 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.01
15 70 96.23 2.66 2.73 5.00 13.65 5.04
16 75 96.31 2.58 2.62 5.00 13.10 5.03
17 80 96.21 2.68 2.63 5.00 13.15 5.02
18 85 96.13 2.76 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.01
19 90 96.26 2.63 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.03
20 95 96.33 2.56 2.60 5.00 12.98 5.04
21 100 96.33 2.56 2.56 5.00 12.80 5.05
22 105 96.23 2.66 2.61 5.00 13.05 5.05
23 110 96.16 2.73 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.02
24 115 96.16 2.73 2.73 5.00 13.65 5.01
25 120 96.26 2.63 2.68 5.00 13.40 5.04
26 125 96.29 2.60 2.62 5.00 13.08 5.03
27 130 96.35 2.54 2.57 5.00 12.85 5.02
28 135 96.27 2.62 2.58 5.00 12.90 5.01
29 140 96.31 2.58 2.60 5.00 13.00 5.03
30 145 96.32 2.57 2.58 5.00 12.88 5.04
31 150 96.34 2.55 2.56 5.00 12.80 5.05
32 155 96.26 2.63 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.05
33 160 96.25 2.64 2.64 5.00 13.18 5.02
34 165 96.28 2.61 2.63 5.00 13.13 5.01
35 170 96.26 2.63 2.62 5.00 13.10 5.04
36 175 96.21 2.68 2.66 5.00 13.28 5.03
37 180 96.19 2.70 2.69 5.00 13.45 5.02
38 185 96.22 2.67 2.69 5.00 13.43 5.01
39 190 96.17 2.72 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.03
40 195 96.18 2.71 2.72 5.00 13.58 5.04
41 200 96.18 2.71 2.71 5.00 13.55 5.05
42 205 96.17 2.72 2.72 5.00 13.58 5.05
43 210 96.17 2.72 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.02
44 215 96.18 2.71 2.72 5.00 13.58 5.01
45 220 96.23 2.66 2.69 5.00 13.43 5.04
46 225 96.23 2.66 2.66 5.00 13.30 5.03
47 230 96.20 2.69 2.68 5.00 13.38 5.02
48 235 96.19 2.70 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.01
49 240 96.15 2.74 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.03
50 245 96.16 2.73 2.74 5.00 13.68 5.04
51 250 96.13 2.76 2.75 5.00 13.73 5.05
52 255 96.18 2.71 2.74 5.00 13.68 5.05
53 260 96.27 2.62 2.67 5.00 13.33 5.02
54 265 96.28 2.61 2.62 5.00 13.08 5.01
55 270 96.20 2.69 2.65 5.00 13.25 5.04
56 275 96.23 2.66 2.68 5.00 13.38 5.03
57 280 96.10 2.79 2.73 5.00 13.63 5.02
58 285 96.24 2.65 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.01
59 290 96.52 2.37 2.51 5.00 12.55 5.03
60 295 96.47 2.42 2.40 5.00 11.98 5.04
61 300 96.42 2.47 2.45 5.00 12.23 5.05
62 305 96.35 2.54 2.51 5.00 12.53 5.05
63 310 96.35 2.54 2.54 5.00 12.70 5.02
64 315 96.60 2.29 2.42 5.00 12.08 5.01
65 320 96.47 2.42 2.36 5.00 11.78 5.04
66 325 96.45 2.44 2.43 5.00 12.15 5.03
67 330 96.33 2.56 2.50 5.00 12.50 5.02
68 335 96.35 2.54 2.55 5.00 12.75 5.01
69 340 96.25 2.64 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.03
70 345 96.15 2.74 2.69 5.00 13.45 5.04
71 350 96.19 2.70 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.05
72 355 96.41 2.48 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.05
73 360 96.56 2.33 2.41 5.00 12.03 5.02
74 365 96.58 2.31 2.32 5.00 11.60 5.01

922.20 367.18

Hydraulic Radius R= Total area/Wetted perimeter = 2.51

Velocity V = 1/nX(R2/3XS1/2) 1.38m/sec


Discharge Q = AXV 1272.64Cumecs

Design of Vents:-

I) Provide vent area 30% of area on defined cross-section of RTL

Bed Widthx(RTL-LBL)x30/100

= 205.88Sqm

ii) a) 2.3m vent rectangular box culverts-----5 Nos Vent Area= 26.45Sqm
b) 1000mm dia pipes

No.of pipes required = Vent Area/Area of pipe = 228.36

Say 228Nos

iii) However Provide 70Nos of vents only to accommodate in the bed width

Calculation of area on defined cross-section at RTL--- 98.135m

Chainage GL RTL Difference Mean Length 'm' Wetted Area


between Difference 'Sqm'
RTL&GL 'm' 'm'

0 98.78 99.28 0.50 0.25 0.0 0.000


5 98.23 99.09 0.86 0.68 5.0 3.400
10 97.77 98.93 1.16 1.01 5.0 5.055
15 97.4 98.8 1.40 1.28 5.0 6.405
20 96.98 98.69 1.71 1.56 5.0 7.775
25 96.69 98.59 1.91 1.81 5.0 9.045
30 96.54 98.52 1.98 1.95 5.0 9.725
35 96.48 98.14 1.66 1.82 5.0 9.105
40 96.52 98.14 1.62 1.64 5.0 8.200
45 96.46 98.14 1.68 1.65 5.0 8.250
50 96.51 98.14 1.63 1.66 5.0 8.275
55 96.65 98.14 1.49 1.56 5.0 7.800
60 96.45 98.14 1.69 1.59 5.0 7.950
65 96.29 98.14 1.85 1.77 5.0 8.850
70 96.43 98.14 1.71 1.78 5.0 8.900
75 96.51 98.14 1.63 1.67 5.0 8.350
80 96.41 98.14 1.73 1.68 5.0 8.400
85 96.33 98.14 1.81 1.77 5.0 8.850
90 96.46 98.14 1.68 1.74 5.0 8.725
95 96.53 98.14 1.61 1.65 5.0 8.225
100 96.53 98.14 1.61 1.61 5.0 8.050
105 96.43 98.14 1.71 1.66 5.0 8.300
110 96.36 98.14 1.78 1.74 5.0 8.725
115 96.36 98.14 1.78 1.78 5.0 8.900
120 96.46 98.14 1.68 1.73 5.0 8.650
125 96.49 98.14 1.65 1.67 5.0 8.325
130 96.55 98.14 1.59 1.62 5.0 8.100
135 96.47 98.14 1.67 1.63 5.0 8.150
140 96.51 98.14 1.63 1.65 5.0 8.250
145 96.52 98.14 1.62 1.63 5.0 8.125
150 96.54 98.14 1.60 1.61 5.0 8.050
155 96.46 98.14 1.68 1.64 5.0 8.200
160 96.45 98.14 1.69 1.69 5.0 8.425
165 96.48 98.14 1.66 1.68 5.0 8.375
170 96.46 98.14 1.68 1.67 5.0 8.350
175 96.41 98.14 1.73 1.71 5.0 8.525
180 96.39 98.14 1.75 1.74 5.0 8.700
185 96.42 98.14 1.72 1.74 5.0 8.675
190 96.37 98.14 1.77 1.75 5.0 8.725
195 96.38 98.14 1.76 1.77 5.0 8.825
200 96.38 98.14 1.76 1.76 5.0 8.800
205 96.37 98.14 1.77 1.77 5.0 8.825
210 96.37 98.14 1.77 1.77 5.0 8.850
215 96.38 98.14 1.76 1.77 5.0 8.825
220 96.43 98.14 1.71 1.74 5.0 8.675
225 96.43 98.14 1.71 1.71 5.0 8.550
230 96.4 98.14 1.74 1.73 5.0 8.625
235 96.39 98.14 1.75 1.74 5.0 8.725
240 96.35 98.14 1.79 1.77 5.0 8.850
245 96.36 98.14 1.78 1.78 5.0 8.925
250 96.33 98.14 1.81 1.79 5.0 8.975
255 96.38 98.14 1.76 1.78 5.0 8.925
260 96.47 98.14 1.67 1.71 5.0 8.575
265 96.48 98.14 1.66 1.67 5.0 8.325
270 96.4 98.14 1.74 1.70 5.0 8.500
275 96.43 98.14 1.71 1.73 5.0 8.625
280 96.3 98.14 1.84 1.78 5.0 8.875
285 96.44 98.14 1.70 1.77 5.0 8.850
290 96.72 98.14 1.42 1.56 5.0 7.800
295 96.67 98.14 1.47 1.45 5.0 7.225
300 96.62 98.14 1.52 1.50 5.0 7.475
305 96.55 98.14 1.59 1.56 5.0 7.775
310 96.55 98.14 1.59 1.59 5.0 7.950
315 96.8 98.14 1.34 1.46 5.0 7.325
320 96.67 98.14 1.47 1.41 5.0 7.025
325 96.65 98.14 1.49 1.48 5.0 7.400
330 96.53 98.14 1.61 1.55 5.0 7.750
335 96.55 98.52 1.97 1.79 5.0 8.955
340 96.45 98.59 2.15 2.06 5.0 10.300
345 96.35 98.69 2.34 2.24 5.0 11.220
350 96.39 98.8 2.41 2.38 5.0 11.875
355 96.61 98.93 2.32 2.37 5.0 11.830
360 96.76 99.09 2.33 2.33 5.0 11.630
365 96.78 99.28 2.50 2.42 5.0 12.075
622.620

Calculation of area between RTL and PBL on existing cross-section

Chainage RTL PBL Difference Mean Length 'm' Wetted Area


between Difference 'Sqm'
RTL&GL 'm' 'm'

0 99.48 99.48 0.00 0.00 0.0 0.000


5 99.29 99.48 0.19 0.09 5.0 0.475
10 99.13 99.48 0.35 0.27 5.0 1.345
15 99 99.48 0.48 0.41 5.0 2.070
20 98.89 99.48 0.59 0.53 5.0 2.675
25 98.79 99.48 0.68 0.64 5.0 3.180
30 98.72 99.48 0.76 0.72 5.0 3.600
35 98.34 99.48 1.14 0.95 5.0 4.745
40 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
45 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
50 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
55 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
60 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
65 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
70 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
75 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
80 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
85 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
90 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
95 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
100 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
105 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
110 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
115 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
120 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
125 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
130 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
135 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
140 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
145 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
150 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
155 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
160 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
165 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
170 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
175 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
180 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
185 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
190 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
195 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
200 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
205 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
210 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
215 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
220 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
225 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
230 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
235 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
240 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
245 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
250 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
255 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
260 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
265 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
270 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
275 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
280 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
285 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
290 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
295 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
300 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
305 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
310 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
315 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
320 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
325 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
330 98.34 99.48 1.14 1.14 5.0 5.700
335 98.72 99.48 0.76 0.95 5.0 4.745
340 98.79 99.48 0.68 0.72 5.0 3.600
345 98.89 99.48 0.59 0.64 5.0 3.180
350 99 99.48 0.48 0.53 5.0 2.675
355 99.13 99.48 0.35 0.41 5.0 2.070
360 99.29 99.48 0.19 0.27 5.0 1.345
365 99.48 99.48 0.00 0.09 5.0 0.475
372.480

Calculation of Percentage Obstruction:-

A1 = Area provided through vent

= (70x0.7854x12)+26.45 Sqm

= 81.43Sqm

A2 = Area between road top and top of protected bed

= 372.48Sqm

B = X+Y = Area of defined cross-section corresponding to protected bed top

= 622.6Sqm

Percentage of obstruction = (1-A1+A2)x100


B

= 27.1 < 30%

Hence,the design is safe.

Depth of foundation:-

As per the guide lines given in SP:20,the depth of foundation is proposed


at 1.50m depth from LBL

Design of apron:-

Though the velocity is less than 2.00m/sec,a 4.00m length apron is proposed
with 900mm thick stone mat upto 2.00m and then same reduced to 300mm
at the toe wall on down stream side head wall.

Design of Head walls:-

Data:-

Angle of internal friction ' Q ' = 30 0


Unit Wieght of Soil ' r ' = 18KN/cum
Coefficient of Active Earth pressure ' K a ' = 1/3
Unit Weight of concrete ' p ' = 20KN/cum
Height of wall ' h ' = 3.25m (Taking scoured hieght only)
Width of wall at Top ' b1 ' = 0.45m

Design:-
Let the width of the wall at bottom be ' b2 '

Active Earth pressure Pa = 1/2Ka r h2


= 31.66KN/m

It acts horizontally at a height of h/3 from the base(Since there is no inclined surcharge and
the face of the wall is vertical)

The Wt.of the wall acting down wards through the centroid of the wall section ' W '
= 14.63 +33b2

Let ' R ' be the resultant of the above forces acting through the intersection of the above forces with
components RH and RV
For no tension to develop,the resultant should pass through the middle third of the base,
taking limiting case, R should act at 2b2/3 from heel ' B '

From the condition of equilibrium of forces,

RH = Pa

RV = W

and Sum of moments of ' W ' and ' Pa ' about " B " should be equal to the moment of resultant
' R ' about ' B'

RV X 2b2/3 = W1Xb1/2 + W2[b1+(b2-b1)/3] + PaXh/3

10.83 b2 +
2
4.88b2 -36.49 =0

Solving b2 = 1.625m

However provide 1.75m width at the bottom

Hence b2 = 1.75m

Check For Safety Against Sliding:-

Wt.of the wall ' W ' = 71.50KN/m

Factor of safety against sliding is given by

F =WTan Q/Pa

1.3 > 1.00 Hence Safe

Check For Stresses:-

Taking moments about ' B '

71.50a = 78.2

Hence ' a ' = 1.09


Hence eccentricity ' e ' = 0.22

Maximum stress = W/b2(1+6e/b2)


= 71.49 < 120KN/M2(Safe Bearing Capacity
as per the testing report)

Hence Safe

Design of Raised Face walls:-

Data:-

Angle of internal friction ' Q ' = 30 0


Unit Wieght of Soil ' r ' = 18KN/cum
Coefficient of Active Earth pressure ' K a ' = 1/3
Unit Weight of concrete ' p ' = 20KN/cum
Height of wall ' h ' = 1.70m
Width of wall at Top ' b1 ' = 0.45m

Design:-

Let the width of the wall at bottom be ' b2 '

Active Earth pressure Pa = 1/2Ka r h2


= 8.66KN/m

It acts horizontally at a height of h/3 from the base(Since there is no inclined surcharge and
the face of the wall is vertical)

The Wt.of the wall acting down wards through the centroid of the wall section ' W '
= 7.65 +17b2

Let ' R ' be the resultant of the above forces acting through the intersection of the above forces with
components RH and RV
For no tension to develop,the resultant should pass through the middle third of the base,
taking limiting case, R should act at 2b2/3 from heel ' B '

From the condition of equilibrium of forces,

RH = Pa

RV = W

and Sum of moments of ' W ' and ' Pa ' about " B " should be equal to the moment of resultant
' R ' about ' B'

RV X 2b2/3 = W1Xb1/2 + W2[b1+(b2-b1)/3] + PaXh/3

5.67 b2 +
2
2.55b2 -6.06 =0

Solving b2 = 0.83m

However provide 1.2m width at the bottom


Hence b2 = 1.20m

Check For Safety Against Sliding:-

Wt.of the wall ' W ' = 28.05KN/m

Factor of safety against sliding is given by

F =WTan Q/Pa

1.87 > 1.00 Hence Safe

Check For Stresses:-

Taking moments about ' B '

28.05a = 17.28

Hence ' a ' = 0.62

Hence eccentricity ' e ' = 0.02

Maximum stress = W/b2(1+6e/b2)


= 25.23 < 120KN/M2(Safe Bearing Capacity
as per the testing report)

Hence Safe

Asst.Exe.Engineer Dy.Exe. Engineer


PR,Ichapuram PR,Kotabommali

Executive Engineer Superintending Engineer


PR,Srikakulam PR,Srikakulam
0.04
-0.04
DESIGN OF CUT-OFF WALLS FOR BOX CULVERT

Name of the work:-B.T to the Road from DPN Road@36/2 to Suradavanipeta

Hydraulic details of CHINNA GEDDA :-

1.Maximum Flood Level 98.89m

2.Ordinary Flood level 97.89m

3.Lowest Bed level 96.09m

4.Average bed slope 0.0005

5.Rugosity Coefficient 0.03

6.Road Crest level 98.335m

7.Bottom of Deck level(For Box culvert only) 98.105m

8.Width of carriage way 5.00m

9.Ryve's Constant 6.80

10.Dicken's Constant 13.00

11.Catchment area of the tank 98.60Sq.Km

Soil Particulars obtained from Trial bores drilled:-

0.00 to 1.00m Sand mixed with Clay

1.00 to 2.00m Sand mixed with Peat

2.00 to 4.00m Sand mixed with silt

4.00 and above Coarse sand

Safe Bearing capacity of the soil(As per the soil testing report enclosed):-

a) At 2.00m depth below LBL:- 11.00--12.00 t/sqm

b) At 4.00m depth below LBL:- 11.00--12.00 t/sqm

Raft of the box culvert is proposed at a depth of 0.30m below LBL.The bearing capacity of soil at that
depth can be assumed as 11.00t/m2,as the soil is gravel mixed with sand.

A)Discharge Calculations:-

a)From empirical Formulae:-

Maximum flood discharge = Q = CM2/3. = 6.8X(98.6)2/3.


(As per Ryve's formula)
145.35Cumecs

Q = CM3/4 = 406.77Cumecs
(As per Duicken's formula)

b)From Area-Velocity method:-

1)Area Velocity method:-

At the proposed causeway site:-


Maximum Flood level 98.89m
Slope 0.0005
Rugosity Coefficient 0.03

S.No Chainage R.L Depth of Average Distance Area Wetted


flow depth of (m) (Sqm) perimeter
(m) flow (m)
(m)

1 0 98.98 0.09 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00


2 5 98.23 0.66 0.38 5.00 1.88 5.05
3 10 97.77 1.12 0.89 5.00 4.45 5.02
4 15 97.40 1.49 1.31 5.00 6.53 5.01
5 20 96.78 2.11 1.80 5.00 9.00 5.04
6 25 96.49 2.40 2.26 5.00 11.28 5.03
7 30 96.34 2.55 2.48 5.00 12.38 5.02
8 35 96.28 2.61 2.58 5.00 12.90 5.01
9 40 96.32 2.57 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.03
10 45 96.26 2.63 2.60 5.00 13.00 5.04
11 50 96.31 2.58 2.61 5.00 13.03 5.05
12 55 96.45 2.44 2.51 5.00 12.55 5.05
13 60 96.25 2.64 2.54 5.00 12.70 5.02
14 65 96.09 2.80 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.01
15 70 96.23 2.66 2.73 5.00 13.65 5.04
16 75 96.31 2.58 2.62 5.00 13.10 5.03
17 80 96.21 2.68 2.63 5.00 13.15 5.02
18 85 96.13 2.76 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.01
19 90 96.26 2.63 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.03
20 95 96.33 2.56 2.60 5.00 12.98 5.04
21 100 96.33 2.56 2.56 5.00 12.80 5.05
22 105 96.23 2.66 2.61 5.00 13.05 5.05
23 110 96.16 2.73 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.02
24 115 96.16 2.73 2.73 5.00 13.65 5.01
25 120 96.26 2.63 2.68 5.00 13.40 5.04
26 125 96.29 2.60 2.62 5.00 13.08 5.03
27 130 96.35 2.54 2.57 5.00 12.85 5.02
28 135 96.27 2.62 2.58 5.00 12.90 5.01
29 140 96.31 2.58 2.60 5.00 13.00 5.03
30 145 96.32 2.57 2.58 5.00 12.88 5.04
31 150 96.34 2.55 2.56 5.00 12.80 5.05
32 155 96.26 2.63 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.05
33 160 96.25 2.64 2.64 5.00 13.18 5.02
34 165 96.28 2.61 2.63 5.00 13.13 5.01
35 170 96.26 2.63 2.62 5.00 13.10 5.04
36 175 96.21 2.68 2.66 5.00 13.28 5.03
37 180 96.19 2.70 2.69 5.00 13.45 5.02
38 185 96.22 2.67 2.69 5.00 13.43 5.01
39 190 96.17 2.72 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.03
40 195 96.18 2.71 2.72 5.00 13.58 5.04
41 200 96.18 2.71 2.71 5.00 13.55 5.05
42 205 96.17 2.72 2.72 5.00 13.58 5.05
43 210 96.17 2.72 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.02
44 215 96.18 2.71 2.72 5.00 13.58 5.01
45 220 96.23 2.66 2.69 5.00 13.43 5.04
46 225 96.23 2.66 2.66 5.00 13.30 5.03
47 230 96.20 2.69 2.68 5.00 13.38 5.02
48 235 96.19 2.70 2.70 5.00 13.48 5.01
49 240 96.15 2.74 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.03
50 245 96.16 2.73 2.74 5.00 13.68 5.04
51 250 96.13 2.76 2.75 5.00 13.73 5.05
52 255 96.18 2.71 2.74 5.00 13.68 5.05
53 260 96.27 2.62 2.67 5.00 13.33 5.02
54 265 96.28 2.61 2.62 5.00 13.08 5.01
55 270 96.20 2.69 2.65 5.00 13.25 5.04
56 275 96.23 2.66 2.68 5.00 13.38 5.03
57 280 96.10 2.79 2.73 5.00 13.63 5.02
58 285 96.24 2.65 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.01
59 290 96.52 2.37 2.51 5.00 12.55 5.03
60 295 96.47 2.42 2.40 5.00 11.98 5.04
61 300 96.42 2.47 2.45 5.00 12.23 5.05
62 305 96.35 2.54 2.51 5.00 12.53 5.05
63 310 96.35 2.54 2.54 5.00 12.70 5.02
64 315 96.60 2.29 2.42 5.00 12.08 5.01
65 320 96.47 2.42 2.36 5.00 11.78 5.04
66 325 96.45 2.44 2.43 5.00 12.15 5.03
67 330 96.33 2.56 2.50 5.00 12.50 5.02
68 335 96.35 2.54 2.55 5.00 12.75 5.01
69 340 96.25 2.64 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.03
70 345 96.15 2.74 2.69 5.00 13.45 5.04
71 350 96.19 2.70 2.72 5.00 13.60 5.05
72 355 96.41 2.48 2.59 5.00 12.95 5.05
73 360 96.56 2.33 2.41 5.00 12.03 5.02
74 365 96.58 2.31 2.32 5.00 11.60 5.01

922.20 367.18

Hydraulic Radius R= Total area/Wetted perimeter = 2.51

Velocity V = 1/nX(R2/3XS1/2) 1.38m/sec

Discharge Q = AXV 1272.64Cumecs

Scour Depth Calculations:-

Discharge for design of foundations = 1.30XMax.Discharge = 1692.61Cumecs


Lacey's Silt factor for silty soil = 1.76Xm1/2 = 7

Discharge per metre width of foundations = q = 5.55

Normal scour depth D = 1.34(q2/f)1/3 = 2.19m

Maximum scour depth Dm = 2.0XD = 4.38m

Design of cut-off walls:-

Though,it is sufficient to take the D/S side cut-off upto 1.27 times the normal scour depth as per
caluse 703.2.3.2 of IRC 78-1983 considering that the reach is straight,it is proposed take D/S cut off wall upto
the level of Max.scour depth

Max. scour depth from HFL = 4.38m

Depth of bottom of Cut-off wall from HFL = 4.38m

Bottom level of cut-off wall = 94.51

Depth of bottom of D/S side Cut-off wall from LBL 1.58m

Depth of bottom of U/S side Cut-off wall from LBL 1.58m

However provide cut-off wall at 1.50m depth from LBL both for head walls of causeway&for cut-off
walls for raft of box culvert

Asst.Executive Engineer Dy.Exe. Engineer Executive Engineer


PR(spl),Ichapuram PR,Kotabommali PR,Srikakulam

Superintending Engineer
PR,Srikakulam
0.21 0.02
0.6 1.02
0.81 1.04
0.47
1.51
LONGITUDINAL SECTION OF THE BOX CULVERT

RCL-------- 98.34
Intermediate wall-0.25m thick Top slab 0.25m thick

2.3m

Bottom of Raft--------- 95.54


Abutment---0.25m thick Raft of 0.25m thick

CROSS SECTION OF THE BOX CULVERT

5.0m

Wearing coat
Hand rails

Top slab

U/S D/S

Toe wall
Base concrete--200mm thick Raft slab 0.45
2.0m 2.0m

0.6m
Granular filling ----600mm thick

1.5m
Apron 600mm to
Cut-off walls 300mm thick
Apron--900mm thick

Assistant Exe.Engineer Dy.Exe. Engineer Executive Engineer Superintending Engineer


PR,Ichapuram PR,Kotabommali PR,Srikakulam PR,Srikakulam
Name of the Work:-Construction of Low Level Causeway at 2/7+50m

PBL--- 99.48
HFL--- 98.885
RTL--- 98.34

Sand filling
LBL--- 96.09

30.0m 305.0m 30.0m


BFL--- 94.59

LONGITUDINAL SECTION OF THE CAUSEWAY

NOTE:- 70 Nos of 1000mm dia NP3 pipes&1 No of 5 span 2.3m vent continuous RCC box culvert are proposed.But all the details could not be shown due to limitation of space

U/S D/S
5.0m
Guide posts '0.45

C.C(1:2:4)
C.C(1:4:8)
1000mm dia NP3 Pipe
Sand
Filling
(0.30m thick) Granular filling Toe wall
0.45
G.L 2.0m 2.0m

0.6m
C.C(1:4:8)

2.00m
0.15m Apron 600mm to
300mm thick
Apron--900mm thick
2.15m

CROSS SECTION OF PROPOSED CAUSEWAY

Asst.Exe.Engineer Dy.Exe. Engineer Executive Engineer Superintending Engineer


PR,Ichapuram PR,Kotabommali PR,Srikakulam PR,Srikakulam