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Project Report Prasanta PDF

Project Report Prasanta PDF

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Published by Marcus Ramos

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Published by: Marcus Ramos on Dec 02, 2009
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01/11/2013

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It has been observed that the traditional received signal strength (RSS) based

algorithm suffers from major drawbacks which made us to choose another one which

provide better service quality to the users during handoff. This new approach not only

provide enhance service quality but also more efficient as compared to RSS based.

This new approach is based on signal to noise plus interference ratio (SINR).

This algorithm is proposed for vertical handoff between those different networks which

supports time division multiple access multiplexing (TDMA).

The proposed algorithm is SINR based and also controls the transmission power of

the transmitter. This algorithm will provide better quality of services as well better

system throughput as compared to RSS based algorithm because SINR is adaptive to

noisy and overload condition and controlling transmission power minimizes the energy

consumption and reduces the interference as well as increases the system capacity.

In this proposed algorithm, the power required for the transmitter is calculated based

on the required target SINR for the receiver. Since the algorithm is for TDMA systems,

prior to the power calculation, interference and noise is measured using Kalman filter

method for the slot n. In TDMA the interference and noise measures of the previous

slot can be used to determine the transmission power required for the next slot to

maintain the target SINR at the receiver. Therefore the measure of SINR of the slot n

is used to adjust the power of the transmitter for the slot n+1 for achieving the required

SINR at the receiver even when the user keeps moving. The SINR received by the

mobile station from other networks is being converted equivalent SINR value of the

current network required to achieve the same data rate in the current network. With

this combined effects, handoff is triggered when the receiver receives greater SINR

from another network. So the handoff algorithm can have the knowledge of achievable

bandwidths from both access networks to make handoff decisions with QoS

consideration.

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