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# QUESTION:

## Design a RCC retaining wall to retain earth up to a height of 15’. Base of

the footing is to be placed 3’ below NSL. Soil has density of .
Angle of internal friction of soil is . Earth surface that is to be retained is
horizontal. Take
Use .

SOLUTION:
Given that,

STEP 1
ASSUMPTION OF SIZES:

STEP 2
DESIGN OF STEM:

## i. Calculation Of Soil Pressure:

ii. Moment & Reinforcement Calculation:

## Vertical Reinforcement On front face of wall:

Temperature & Shrinkage Steel:

## iv. Check for shear:

v. Capacity of Section:

STEP 3

CURTAILMENT OF BARS:

## Bars are curtailed from top where B.M is

According to ACI code, the following value should be added in the curtailed value
of steel,

## Maximum of above three values is selected, i.e. 12” is selected.

So, Curtailment from top.

## PLAN & SECTION

According to ACI code provide main steel on the side where there is no
side.

Step 4
STABILITY CHECKS:

## i. Check For Overturning Moment

1 produces overturning
moment & 2, 3 and 4
produces resisting
moments.
Sr.
#

01

02

03

04

## If this check is not OK then increase the

thickness of toe, heel or stem as per
requirement.
ii. Check For Sliding Force:

Here is the coefficient of friction between soil and earth and its value
lies between 0.3-0.45.

## Key can be provided in different states as

shown below,

Design of Key:
iii. Check For Bearing Capacity Of Soil:

## If this check is not OK then increase the length of base “B”

If this check is not OK then increase “B”.

STEP 5

## DESIGN OF TOE & HEEL:

i. Design Of Toe:

junction of toe and stem.
Selection of bars & spacing:

## Neglecting moment produced due to stresses. It will make our structure

safer because it works as a FOS.
Selection of bars & spacing:

## Temperature & Shrinkage Steel:

DETAILS OF STEEL IN TOE & HEEL