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QUESTION:

Design a RCC retaining wall to retain earth up to a height of 15’. Base of


the footing is to be placed 3’ below NSL. Soil has density of .
Angle of internal friction of soil is . Earth surface that is to be retained is
horizontal. Take
Use .

SOLUTION:
Given that,

STEP 1
ASSUMPTION OF SIZES:

STEP 2
DESIGN OF STEM:

i. Calculation Of Soil Pressure:


ii. Moment & Reinforcement Calculation:

iii.Selection of bars & spacing:

Vertical Reinforcement On front face of wall:


Temperature & Shrinkage Steel:

iv. Check for shear:

v. Capacity of Section:

STEP 3

CURTAILMENT OF BARS:

Bars are curtailed from top where B.M is

According to ACI code, the following value should be added in the curtailed value
of steel,



Maximum of above three values is selected, i.e. 12” is selected.


So, Curtailment from top.

PLAN & SECTION

According to ACI code provide main steel on the side where there is no
loading & provide same temperature and shrinkage steel on load bearing
side.

Step 4
STABILITY CHECKS:

There are three stability checks,

i. Check For Overturning Moment

1 produces overturning
moment & 2, 3 and 4
produces resisting
moments.
Sr.
#

01

02

03

04

If this check is not OK then increase the


thickness of toe, heel or stem as per
requirement.
ii. Check For Sliding Force:

Here is the coefficient of friction between soil and earth and its value
lies between 0.3-0.45.

So we have to provide key under the base.

Key can be provided in different states as


shown below,

Design of Key:
iii. Check For Bearing Capacity Of Soil:

If this check is not OK then increase the length of base “B”


If this check is not OK then increase “B”.

STEP 5

DESIGN OF TOE & HEEL:

i. Design Of Toe:

Taking moment about


junction of toe and stem.
Selection of bars & spacing:

ii. Design of heel:

Taking moment about junction of heel and stem,

Neglecting moment produced due to stresses. It will make our structure


safer because it works as a FOS.
Selection of bars & spacing:

Temperature & Shrinkage Steel:


DETAILS OF STEEL IN TOE & HEEL