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Math Cad

Math Cad

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Published by: Adrian Tiberiu on Jul 25, 2014
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Verificarea la flambaj

Barele supuse la compresiune axială și încovoiere trebuie să îndeplinească condițiile de mai
jos.
N
Ed
χ
y
N
Rk

γ
M1
k
yy
M
yEd
χ
LT
M
yRk
γ
M1

⋅ + 1 ≤
N
Ed
χ
y
N
Rk
γ
M1

k
zy
M
yEd
χ
LT
M
yRk
γ
M1

⋅ + 1 ≤
unde : N.Ed, M.y,Ed sunt valorile de calcul ale efortului de compresiune si ale mom. maxime in
bara.
χ.y factor de reducere pt flambajul prin incovoiere
χ.LT factor de reducere datorat deversarii
k.yy, k.zy factori de interactiune
f
y
355
N
mm
2
:= pentru oțel S355
Calculul la flambaj dupa axa y-y
L
cr.y
7m := lungimea de flambaj
tabel.6.2
h 0.39m :=
b 0.3m :=
h
b
1.3 =
h
b
1.2 > 1 = t
f
19mm := t
f
40mm < 1 =
Curba de flambaj - pag.65 EC1: a
α
y
0.21 :=
E 210000
N
mm
2
:=
I
y
45070cm
4
:=
π 3.142 =
N
cr.y
π
2
E I
y

L
cr.y
2
⋅ 1.906 10
4
× kN ⋅ = := efort critic de flambaj, pag78
A
HEA400
159cm
2
:=
zveltetea relativa
λ
y
A
HEA400
f
y

N
cr.y
0.544 = :=
pag. 63 EC3
ϕ
y
0.5 1 α
y
λ
y
0.2 −
( )
⋅ + λ
y
2
+

¸
(
¸
⋅ 0.684 = :=
χ
y
1
ϕ
y
ϕ
y
2
λ
y
2
− +
0.91 = := factor de reducere pentru modul de flambaj considerat
Calculul la flambaj dupa axa z-z
L
cr.z
7m := lungimea de flambaj
Curba de flambaj - pag.65 EC1: b
α
z
0.34 := pag.64 EC1
E 210000
N
mm
2
:=
I
z
8564cm
4
:=
π 3.142 =
N
cr.z
π
2
E I
z

L
cr.z
2
⋅ 3.622 10
3
× kN ⋅ = :=
A
HEA400
159cm
2
:=
λ
z
A
HEA400
f
y

N
cr.z
1.248 = :=
ϕ
z
0.5 1 α
z
λ
z
0.2 −
( )
⋅ + λ
z
2
+

¸
(
¸
⋅ 1.457 = :=
χ
z
1
ϕ
z
ϕ
z
2
λ
z
2
− +
0.453 = :=
Calculul la flambaj prin încovoiere-răsucire
L
crLT
7m :=
Curba de flambaj: b pentru ca h/b<=2, pag.69 EC1
α
LT
0.34 :=
Diagrama de moment cu variație liniară: ψ=-0.95 pt k=1 c
1
2.787 :=
pag.55 Carte verde
I
w
2942cm
6
:=
-modul de inerție la torsiune
I
t
189cm
4
:=
G
S355
80700
N
mm
2
:= -modul de elasticitate transversal
---momentul critic elastic de flambaj prin incovoiere-rasucire
M
cr
c
1
π
2
E ⋅ I
z

L
crLT
2
|

\
|
|
|
¹

I
w
I
z
|

\
|
|
¹
L
crLT
2
G
S355
⋅ I
t

|
\
|
¹
π
2
E ⋅ I
z

+ ⋅ 2.072 10
3
× kN m ⋅ ⋅ = :=
W
pl.y
2562cm
3
:=
λ
LT
W
pl.y
f
y
M
cr
⋅ 0.662 = := coeficient de zveltete
λ
LT0
0.40 :=
-pag.69 EC1
β 0.75 :=
ϕ
LT
0.5 1 α
LT
λ
LT
λ
LT0

( )
⋅ + β λ
LT
2
⋅ +

¸
(
¸
⋅ 0.709 = :=
χ
LT
1
ϕ
LT
ϕ
LT
2
β λ
LT
2
⋅ − +
0.888 = :=
factor de reducere
ψ 0.95 − := -pag.70 EC1
k
c
1
1.33 1.33 ψ ⋅ −
0.386 = := -factor de corecție pag.70 EC1
f 1 0.5 1 k
c

( )
⋅ 1 2 λ
LT
0.8 −
( )
2
⋅ −

¸
(
¸
⋅ − 0.704 = := pag. 69
f 1 < 1 =
χ
LT.mod
χ
LT
f
1.261 = :=
χ
LT.mod
1 <
Calculul factorilor k
yy
și k
zy
conform Anexei A Eurocod 1993-1-1
N
Ed
130.07kN :=
μ
y
1
N
Ed
N
cr.y

|

\
|
|
¹
1 χ
y
N
Ed
N
cr.y
⋅ −
0.999 = :=
μ
z
1
N
Ed
N
cr.z

|

\
|
|
¹
1 χ
z
N
Ed
N
cr.z
⋅ −
0.98 = :=
W
pl.z
872.9cm
3
:=
W
el.y
2311cm
3
:=
W
el.z
570.90cm
3
:=
w
y
W
pl.y
W
el.y
1.109 = := w
y
1.5 <
w
z
W
pl.z
W
el.z
1.529 = := w
z
1.5 >
------>
w
z.
1.5 :=
I
0
I
y
I
z
+ y
0
2
z
0
2
+
|
\
|
¹
A ⋅ + := y
0
I
0
I
y
I
z
+ 5.363 10
4
× cm
4
⋅ = :=
forta critica de flambaj prin
rasucire in domeniul elastic
N
cr.T
A
HEA400
I
0
|

\
|
|
¹
G
S355
I
t
⋅ π
2
E ⋅
I
w
L
crLT
2
⋅ +
|

\
|
|
|
¹
⋅ 4.525 10
3
× kN ⋅ = :=
M
cr,0
este moment critic pentru calcului lui λ
0
cu o diagrama uniform distribuita =>
C
1
1 :=
M
cr.0
C
1
π
2
E ⋅ I
z

L
crLT
2

I
w
I
z
L
crLT
2
G
S355
⋅ I
t

π
2
E ⋅ I
z

+ ⋅ 743.609 kN m ⋅ ⋅ = :=
λ
0
W
pl.y
f
y

( )
M
cr.0
1.106 = :=
N
cr.TF
N
cr.T
4.525 10
3
× kN ⋅ = :=
zveltete redusa pentru flambaj prin
deversare λ
0lim
0.2 C
1

4
1
N
Ed
N
cr.z

|

\
|
|
¹
1
N
Ed
N
cr.TF

|

\
|
|
¹
⋅ ⋅ 0.197 = :=
λ
0
λ
0lim
> 1 =
M
y.Ed
234.99kN m ⋅ :=
Calculul factorilor C
my0
, C
my
, C
mLT
ε
y
M
y.Ed
N
Ed
|

\
|
|
¹
A
HEA400
W
el.y
⋅ 12.43 = :=
a
LT
1
I
t
I
y
− 0.996 = :=
ψ
y
0.95 − :=
C
my.0
0.79 0.21ψ
y
+ 0.36 ψ
y
0.33 −
( )

N
Ed
N
cr.y
⋅ + 0.587 = :=
C
my
C
my.0
1 C
my.0

( )
ε
y
a
LT

( )
1 ε
y
a
LT
⋅ +
⋅ + 0.909 = :=
C
mLT
C
my
2
a
LT
1
N
Ed
N
cr.z

|

\
|
|
¹
1
N
Ed
N
cr.T

|

\
|
|
¹

⋅ 0.851 = := >=1 ------> C
m.LT
1 :=
Calculul factorilor C
yy
și C
zy
λ
max
λ
z
1.248 = :=
N
Rk
A
HEA400
f
y
⋅ 5.644 10
3
× kN ⋅ = :=
γ
M1
1 :=
n
pl
N
Ed
N
Rk
γ
M1
0.023 = :=
M
zEd
0 := => b
LT
0 := și d
LT
0 :=
C
yy
1 w
y
1 −
( )
2
1.6
w
y
|

\
|
|
¹
C
my
2
⋅ λ
max
⋅ −
1.6
w
y
|

\
|
|
¹
C
my
2
⋅ λ
max
2
⋅ −

¸
(
(
¸
n
pl
⋅ b
LT

¸
(
(
¸
⋅ + 0.997 = :=
W
el.y
W
pl.y
0.902 =
C
yy
W
el.y
W
pl.y
> 1 = OK
C
zy
1 w
y
1 −
( )
2
14
w
y
5
|

\
|
|
|
¹
C
my
2
⋅ λ
max
2
⋅ −

¸
(
(
(
¸
n
pl
⋅ d
LT

¸
(
(
(
¸
⋅ + 0.978 = :=
0.6
w
y
w
z

W
el.y
W
pl.y
⋅ 0.461 =
C
zy
0.6
w
y
w
z

W
el.y
W
pl.y
⋅ > 1 = OK
Calculul factorilor k
yy
și k
zy
k
yy
C
my
C
mLT

μ
y
1
N
Ed
N
cr.y

|

\
|
|
|
|
¹

1
C
yy
⋅ 0.781 = :=
k
zy
C
my
C
mLT

μ
z
1
N
Ed
N
cr.y

|

\
|
|
|
|
¹

1
C
zy
|

\
|
|
¹
⋅ 0.6 ⋅
w
y
w
z
⋅ 0.399 = :=
Verificarea la flambaj:
M
y.Rk
W
pl.y
f
y
⋅ 909.51 kN m ⋅ ⋅ = :=
N
Ed
χ
y
N
Rk
γ
M1

k
yy
M
y.Ed
χ
LT
M
y.Rk
γ
M1

⋅ + 0.253 = <=1 OK
N
Ed
χ
z
N
Rk
γ
M1

k
zy
M
y.Ed
χ
LT
M
y.Rk
γ
M1

⋅ + 0.167 = <=1 OK

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