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TM-2102 AVEVA Marine (12.1) Hull Detailed Design - Planar Hull Modelling Rev 4.1

TM-2102 AVEVA Marine (12.1) Hull Detailed Design - Planar Hull Modelling Rev 4.1

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TM-2102 AVEVA Marine (12.1) Hull Detailed Design - Planar Hull Modelling Rev 4.1
TM-2102 AVEVA Marine (12.1) Hull Detailed Design - Planar Hull Modelling Rev 4.1

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AVEVA Marine
(12.1 Series)

Hull Detailed Design -
Planar Hull Modelling



















TM-2102
AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design - Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)


2
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design - Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)


3
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
Revision Log

Date Page(s) Revision Description of Revision Author Reviewed Approved
22/09/11 All 1.0 Issued for training on 12.1.1 J P J S SK
01/12/11 All 2.0 Issued with latest copyright footer CF CF
13/02/12 All 2.1 Issued for review on 12.1 SP2 J P
21/03/12 All 2.2 Reviewed on 12.1 SP2 J P MZ
22/03/12 All 3.0 Issued for training 12.1.SP2 J P MZ SK
16/04/12 172 3.1 Reference to STDWLD added J P J P
14/05/12 135 3.2 Syntax 9 BKT detail added J P J P
08/11/12 All 4.0 Issued for training 12.1.SP3 J P J P SK
11/01/13 23 4.1 Location: Bou reference removed SK SK SK





Updates
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AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design - Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)


4
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.


Trademarks
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use of the AVEVA or Tribon trademarks is strictly forbidden.
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Copyright and all other intellectual property rights in this manual and the associated software, and every part
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The manual and associated documentation may not be adapted, reproduced, or copied, in any material or
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The AVEVA software described in this guide is to be installed and operated strictly in accordance with the
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Documentation. Unauthorised or unlicensed use of the software is strictly prohibited.
Copyright 1994 to current year. AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries. All rights reserved. AVEVA
A software or associated documentation.
AVEVA Solutions Limited, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HB, United Kingdom.


5
Contents
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
1 Introducti on .............................................................................................................................................. 9
1.1 Ai m..................................................................................................................................................... 9
1.2 Objecti ves ......................................................................................................................................... 9
1.3 Prerequisites .................................................................................................................................... 9
1.4 Course Structure .............................................................................................................................. 9
1.5 Usi ng thi s gui de ............................................................................................................................... 9
1.6 The Pl anar Hull Tool bar ................................................................................................................. 10
1.7 The Scheme Editor Tool bar .......................................................................................................... 10
2 The AVEVA Mari ne Planar Hull Modelli ng Concept ........................................................................... 11
2.1 Mul ti-View Proj ect .......................................................................................................................... 11
2.2 Design View - Production View .................................................................................................... 11
2.3 The Panel and Bl ock Concept ...................................................................................................... 12
2.4 Topol ogy ......................................................................................................................................... 12
2.5 Production information ................................................................................................................. 13
2.6 The AVEVA Mari ne Hull Co-ordinate Systems ............................................................................ 13
2.6.1 The Hull Co-ordinate System ................................................................................................... 13
2.6.2 The Panel Co-ordinate System ................................................................................................ 14
3 AVEVA Marine Hull - Syncroni sation with Dabacon .......................................................................... 15
3.1 Hul l workspace ............................................................................................................................... 15
3.2 Workflow within Hull design appl icati on ..................................................................................... 16
3.3 Workflow between appl icati ons and users ................................................................................. 16
3.4 Executi ng a batch process from within a hull design appl icati on ............................................ 16
3.5 The Pl anar Hull - Sel ect Menu ....................................................................................................... 17
3.5.1 Activate ..................................................................................................................................... 17
3.5.2 Apply ........................................................................................................................................ 17
3.5.3 Deactivate ................................................................................................................................ 17
3.5.4 Apply and Deactivate ............................................................................................................... 17
3.5.5 List Activated ............................................................................................................................ 17
3.6 Del eti ng panels ............................................................................................................................... 17
3.6.1 Deleting individual panels ........................................................................................................ 17
3.6.2 Selecting a large groups of panels for Modification or Deletion ............................................... 18
4 Getti ng started ....................................................................................................................................... 21
4.1 Defining a new panel . .................................................................................................................... 21
4.1.1 ...................................................................................... 21
4.1.2 Panel boundaries ..................................................................................................................... 24
4.1.3 .................................................................................................. 24
4.1.4 ......................................................................... 32
Exerci se 1 ....................................................................................................................................................... 33
5 Seams, Plates, Excess, Wel d and Tap pieces .................................................................................... 35
5.1 Seams .............................................................................................................................................. 35
5.1.1 Defining a Seam ....................................................................................................................... 35
5.1.2 Modifying an existing seam ...................................................................................................... 38
5.2 Plates ............................................................................................................................................... 38
5.2.1 Defining Plates ......................................................................................................................... 39
5.2.2 Modifying an existing plate ....................................................................................................... 40
5.3 Excess ............................................................................................................................................. 41
5.3.1 Defining excess ........................................................................................................................ 41
5.3.2 Modifying an existing excess ................................................................................................... 41
5.4 Weld ................................................................................................................................................. 42
5.4.1 Defining weld information ......................................................................................................... 42
5.4.2 Modifying weld information ....................................................................................................... 43
5.5 Defining tap pi eces ........................................................................................................................ 43
5.5.1 Editing a Tap piece................................................................................................................... 45
Exerci se 2 ....................................................................................................................................................... 46
6 Panel speci fic curves & t opol ogical poi nts ........................................................................................ 47
6.1 Panel speci fic curves .................................................................................................................... 47
6.1.1 Defining Fillet curves ................................................................................................................ 47
6.1.2 Defining Existing geometry as Segment Curves. ..................................................................... 49
6.1.3 Defining Segment Curves. ....................................................................................................... 50
AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)

6
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
6.1.4 Defining Parallel Curve ............................................................................................................ 51
6.1.5 Modifying curves in boundaries. ............................................................................................... 52
6.1.6 Modifying Curves defining Holes, Cutouts and Notches .......................................................... 52
6.2 Topol ogical Poi nts ......................................................................................................................... 52
6.2.1 Explicitly given point. ................................................................................................................ 53
6.2.2 Point at corner of panel. ........................................................................................................... 54
6.2.3 Crossection of profile. .............................................................................................................. 55
6.2.4 Intersect .................................................................................................................................... 56
6.2.5 Interpolation .............................................................................................................................. 57
6.2.6 Profile end ................................................................................................................................ 58
6.2.7 Curve ........................................................................................................................................ 59
6.2.8 Seam end ................................................................................................................................. 60
6.2.9 Input Scheme to display previously created points and curves. .............................................. 60
Exerci se 3 ....................................................................................................................................................... 61
7 Sti ffeners ................................................................................................................................................ 63
7.1 Sti ffener Model tab ......................................................................................................................... 63
7.2 Sti ffener Properti es Tab ................................................................................................................ 68
7.3 Sti ffener Producti on tab ................................................................................................................ 69
7.4 Sti ffener Additi onal Tab ................................................................................................................ 69
7.5 Sti ffener General Strings tab ........................................................................................................ 70
7.6 Sti ffener Connecti on Codes .......................................................................................................... 70
7.7 Sti ffener Endcut Codes ................................................................................................................. 72
7.8 Worked examples of sti ffener defi niti on...................................................................................... 73
7.8.1 Stiffener - Along a line from outer contour to outer contour: .................................................... 73
7.8.2 Stiffener - Intersecting profile to intersecting profile: ................................................................ 74
7.9 Modifi cation of existi ng sti ffeners ................................................................................................ 76
7.9.1 Modifying defined stiffeners ..................................................................................................... 76
7.9.2 Dividing an existing Group of Stiffeners: .................................................................................. 76
7.9.3 Splitting an existing stiffener into two separate profiles ........................................................... 77
7.9.4 Modifying the stiffener end point .............................................................................................. 78
7.9.5 General Modification of Components ....................................................................................... 78
Exerci se 4 ....................................................................................................................................................... 79
8 Fl anges ................................................................................................................................................... 81
8.1 Welded fl anges ............................................................................................................................... 81
8.1.1 Straight welded flanges: ........................................................................................................... 81
8.1.2 Curved welded flanges ............................................................................................................. 82
8.1.3 Defining a welded flange .......................................................................................................... 83
8.1.4 Modifying a welded flange ........................................................................................................ 85
8.2 Folded flanges ................................................................................................................................ 86
8.2.1 Defining a folded flange ........................................................................................................... 86
8.2.2 Deleting a folded flange ........................................................................................................... 87
8.2.3 Modifying a folded flange ......................................................................................................... 87
Exerci se 5 ....................................................................................................................................................... 88
9 Notches, Cutouts, Holes & Doubl ing pl ates........................................................................................ 89
9.1 Notches ........................................................................................................................................... 89
9.1.1 AVEVA Marine standard notches: ............................................................................................ 89
9.1.2 Notches defined by panel specific curves ................................................................................ 90
9.1.3 Defining a notch ....................................................................................................................... 91
9.1.4 Modifying a notch ..................................................................................................................... 92
9.2 Cutouts ............................................................................................................................................ 92
9.2.1 AVEVA Marine standard cutouts .............................................................................................. 92
9.2.2 AVEVA Marine standard clips .................................................................................................. 94
9.2.3 Defining cutouts in plates ......................................................................................................... 95
9.2.4 Defining cutouts in stiffeners .................................................................................................... 97
9.2.5 Modifying cutouts ..................................................................................................................... 98
9.3 Hol es ............................................................................................................................................... 98
9.3.1 AVEVA Marine standard holes: ................................................................................................ 98
9.3.2 Standard holes in plates ........................................................................................................... 98
9.3.3 Holes defined by a panel specific curve ................................................................................. 101
9.3.4 Worked examples of hole definitions ..................................................................................... 102
9.4 Hol e Management ........................................................................................................................ 106
9.5 Doubl ing Pl ates ............................................................................................................................ 108
AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)

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©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
9.5.1 Modifying doubling plates ....................................................................................................... 109
Exerci se 6 ..................................................................................................................................................... 110
10 Brackets ............................................................................................................................................ 113
10.1 General .......................................................................................................................................... 113
10.1.1 AVEVA Marine standard brackets.......................................................................................... 113
10.1.2 The Plane of a Bracket: .......................................................................................................... 114
10.2 Bracket Input Forms .................................................................................................................... 115
10.3 Bracket syntax 1 Panel to Profil e ............................................................................................ 119
10.3.1 Rules for syntax 1 brackets .................................................................................................... 119
10.3.2 Defining syntax 1 brackets ..................................................................................................... 120
10.4 Bracket syntax 2 Panel to Profil e ............................................................................................ 121
10.4.1 Rules for syntax 2 brackets .................................................................................................... 121
10.4.2 Defining syntax 2 brackets ..................................................................................................... 122
10.5 Bracket syntax 3 Panel to Panel .............................................................................................. 124
10.5.1 Rules for syntax 3 brackets .................................................................................................... 124
10.5.2 Defining syntax 3 brackets ..................................................................................................... 124
10.6 Bracket Syntax 4 Profil e to Profil e .......................................................................................... 126
10.6.1 Rules for syntax 4 brackets .................................................................................................... 126
10.6.2 Defining syntax 4 brackets ..................................................................................................... 126
10.7 Bracket Syntax 5 Panel to Profil e ............................................................................................ 127
10.7.1 Rules for syntax 5 brackets .................................................................................................... 127
10.7.2 Defining syntax 5 brackets ..................................................................................................... 128
10.8 Bracket Syntax 6 Profil e to Profil e .......................................................................................... 130
10.8.1 Rules for syntax 6 brackets .................................................................................................... 130
10.8.2 Defining syntax 6 brackets ..................................................................................................... 130
10.9 Bracket Syntax 8 Expl i citl y defined ........................................................................................ 132
10.9.1 Rules for syntax 8 brackets .................................................................................................... 132
10.9.2 Defining syntax 8 brackets ..................................................................................................... 132
10.10 Bracket Syntax 9 Panel Bracket Ref. .................................................................................. 134
10.10.1 Rules for syntax 9 brackets ................................................................................................ 134
10.10.2 Defining syntax 9 brackets ................................................................................................. 134
10.11 Modifying a bracket ................................................................................................................. 136
Exerci se 7 ..................................................................................................................................................... 137
11 Handli ng AVEVA Marine panels ..................................................................................................... 141
11.1 Moving panels .............................................................................................................................. 141
11.2 Copying panels ............................................................................................................................ 142
11.3 Modifying panel symmetry .......................................................................................................... 143
11.4 Renami ng Panel s ......................................................................................................................... 144
11.5 Addi ng or modif yi ng components on mul tiple panel s ............................................................. 144
Exerci se 8 ..................................................................................................................................................... 144
12 Posi ti on numbers and panel spl itti ng ............................................................................................ 145
12.1 Posi ti on Numbers ........................................................................................................................ 145
12.1.1 Assigning position numbers ................................................................................................... 145
12.1.2 Adding position numbers to drawings .................................................................................... 147
12.2 View Properti es ............................................................................................................................ 148
12.3 Panel spli tting ............................................................................................................................... 150
12.4 Part Checki ng ............................................................................................................................... 152
12.5 Planar Hull Scheme editor .......................................................................................................... 153
12.6 Direct modifi cati ons to the scheme ........................................................................................... 156
12.7 Schemelet ..................................................................................................................................... 157
13 Addi tional Modell ing Features........................................................................................................ 159
13.1 The Pl ane Option .......................................................................................................................... 159
13.1.1 Planes .................................................................................................................................... 159
13.1.2 Using a plane in a boundary .................................................................................................. 159
13.1.3 Replacing a plane with a panel .............................................................................................. 160
Exerci se 9 ..................................................................................................................................................... 160
13.2 The Profil e Cross-secti on Option ............................................................................................... 161
13.3 The Profil e Al ong Opti on ............................................................................................................. 161
13.4 The Profil e Overlap Opti ons ....................................................................................................... 162
13.5 Free options .................................................................................................................................. 165
13.5.1 Make Free .............................................................................................................................. 165
13.5.2 Insert Free (no line added) .................................................................................................. 167
AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)

8
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
Exerci se 10 ................................................................................................................................................... 169
13.6 Swages (Swedges) ....................................................................................................................... 170
13.6.1 Defining a swage .................................................................................................................... 170
Exerci se 11 ................................................................................................................................................... 171
13.7 Knuckled Panel s .......................................................................................................................... 172
13.7.1 Creating Knuckle panels using ordinary panels ..................................................................... 172
Exerci se 12 ................................................................................................................................................... 173
13.8 Bracket panel s .............................................................................................................................. 174
13.8.1 Creating a Bracket Panel ....................................................................................................... 174
13.8.2 Add a Bracket Panel to an Ordinary Panel ............................................................................ 174
13.9 Backdrop ....................................................................................................................................... 175
13.10 Del ete Bracket Panel ................................................................................................................ 176
Exerci se 13 ................................................................................................................................................... 177
13.11 Pil lars ......................................................................................................................................... 178
Exerci se 14 ................................................................................................................................................... 182
14 Panel Topology function ................................................................................................................. 183
Exerci se 15 ................................................................................................................................................... 184
Appendi x 1 ................................................................................................................................................... 185















9
CHAPTER 1
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
1 Introduction

Welcome to the AVEVA Marine Planar Hull Model li ng Training Course.
This course is designed to guide you through the process/concept of modelling planar steel structures in the
AVEVA Marine System. After completion of the course the manual can also be used as a reference source
AVEVA Marine Documentation; Hull Det .

1.1 Aim

To provide the knowledge required for the creation of basic AVEVA Marine Planar Hull Panels, to production
standard, for manufacture. After completing the course the user should be in a position to immediately start
modelling steel structure for manufacture.

1.2 Objectives

Understand the Basic AVEVA Marine Panel concept.
Create AVEVA Marine planar panels using various boundary and plane options.
Adding Seams, Plate thickness, Notches, Cutouts and Holes to an AVEVA Marine Panel.
Adding Stiffeners, Flanges and Brackets to an AVEVA Marine Panel.
Copying, Moving and Deleting AVEVA Marine Plane Panels.


1.3 Prerequisites

AVEVA Marine 2D Marine Drafting


1.4 Course Structure

Training will consist of oral and visual presentations, demonstrations and set exercises. Each workstation
will have a training project, populated with model objects. This will be used by the trainees to practice their
methods, and complete the set exercises.


1.5 Using this guide

Certain text styles are used to indicate special situations throughout this document, here is a summary;

Menu pull-downs and button press actions are indicated by bold dark turquoise text.

Information the user has to Key-in wil l be bold, red text

Annotation for trainees benefit:

Additional information

System prompts should be bold and italic in inverted commas i.e. 'Choose functi on'.

Example files or inputs will be in the courier new font, colours and styles used as before.


AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)

10
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.

1.6 The Planar Hull Toolbar






1 2 3 4 5 6




1.7 The Scheme Editor Toolbar






1 2 3 4 5 6 7







1. Activate
2. Deactivate (skip)
3. Save & deactivate (store & skip)
4. Create components
5. Modify components
6. Start production procedures (Hull PPI)

Each of these functions will be discussed in the
relevant chapter of this guide.
1. Cut
2. Copy
3. Paste
4. Find
5. Run This
6. Run all
7. Run

Each of these functions will be discussed in
the relevant chapter of this guide






11
CHAPTER 2
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
2 The AVEVA Marine Planar Hull Modelling Concept

2.1 Multi-View Project

In the early stages of the hull design process the focus is on defining the model to the extent that satisfies
the functional requirements such as strength. It should also be possible to perform basic calculations such
as steel weights and weld lengths with an acceptable accuracy. In the later stages of refining the model the
focus turns into providing all necessary information to enable the manufacturing of parts and collection of
assemblies. The demands on the hull model, or rather the view of the hull model, is thus somewhat different
between the early and late stages of modelling.

In order to support these different model views the concept of Multi-View projects has been developed. The
Design View supports the early stages showing large panels without production details organized in a few
blocks while the Producti on View panels have full production details organized in blocks adapted to the
manufacturing demands. Hull Structural Design has the option to create and handle Multi-View projects.
However it is an option and the ordinary single view environment is available if wanted.

The Design and Production views are to be seen as two views of the same Hull Product Model. Thus the
two views exist at the same time and the user has a choice which one of the views to use as the gateway to
the Product Model. This means that in a fully populated model a block or a panel in the Design view have
related blocks or panels in the Production view. Unless otherwise stated panel means pl ane panel in this
chapter.

2.2 Design View - Production View

A Multi-View project can be viewed in Structural Desi gn and Mari ne Drafti ng as either the Design Vi ew or
the Production View. A modal switch is used to shift between the views in these modules. In the Desi gn
View only the Design Blocks and the Design Panels are shown and in the Production Vi ew then only
Production Blocks and Panels are shown. This goes for all functions involving graphical viewing and block/
panel listings.

Hul l Desi gn Planar Model li ng will always use and see the Production View of a Multi-View project, while
Outfitti ng can select freely which view to be displayed and referenced to. When working in Hul l Design
Planar Modell ing in a Multi-View project, if panels are modified as production panels, then
Structural Design application. If the panels
are modified in Structural Design using Design View mode
activating the panels concerned in Hul l Design Planar Modell ing.

The project used for this course only contains Production blocks.

The method adopted is dependent on the integration of the Design and Production departments within the
assigned to design blocks and thus no dependency between the two, only a production view of the model
will be available.
In a Design project production blocks are assigned to owning design blocks, jumbo panels from these
design blocks can be split into smaller panels belonging to the allocated production blocks. Data
dependency exists within these projects (see reference to Pending Updates above). Both design and
production views are available for this type of project.









AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)

12
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.

2.3 The Panel and Block Concept

The structure of a typical AVEVA
Marine Steel Databank (OGDB) is
shown above. The ship is first broken
down into a series of AVEVA Marine
Blocks. These AVEVA Marine Blocks
are defined as a cube in space to
signify the maximum and minimum
extents of the particular AVEVA
Marine Block. These AVEVA Marine
Blocks can reflect the actual assembly
break down of the ship or they can just
Hull Modellers to work in. If the AVEVA
Marine
of the ship for work allocation the true
assembly break down can be defined
later using the AVEVA Marine Assembl y Planni ng Tool.
Inside each AVEVA Marine Block a series of AVEVA Marine Panels are
created to represent the required steel structure. During the modelling of
an AVEVA Marine Panels, AVEVA Marine Blocks must be specified and
the system will constantly check to ensure each panel assigned to a
AVEVA Marine Block actually falls within the limits of that Block. A
typical AVEVA Marine Panel is made up from a number of Plates, to
which any combination of Stiffeners, Brackets, Flanges, etc.... can be
added. An example of a Panel is shown opposite:
The Panel shown represents a Transverse Bulkhead made up of 5
Plates, 18 Stiffeners, 24 Brackets, 3 Flanges and 11 Clips. The same
approach is used for defining Decks, Girders, Webs, etc...


2.4 Topology

When defining a Panel the idea is to reference other surrounding Panels to define the outer contour. This
will result in all Panels being topologically dependant on each other. Therefore if a Panel, used to define the
outer contour of another Panel is moved, the other Panels will adjust their outer contour to suit the new
Panel position.
This concept not only applies to the outer contour of the Panels but also to the elements created on the
Panel, i.e. Stiffeners, Brackets, etc...
Consider the following example.for the Bulkhead Panel shown opposite. The vertical stiffeners on the panel
stop 50mm below the 200*9 OBP longitudinal stiffeners on the
Deck Panel. We know the deck panel is 8000mm above base so
therefore the bulkhead stiffeners stop 7750 above base. If the
vertical stiffeners are defined as stopping at 7750 above base then
that is fixed and the stiffeners cannot respond topologically to
change. However, in AVEVA Marine, it is possible to reference the
top of the vertical bulkhead stiffener to the flange of the deck
longitudinal. Using one of the many AVEVA Marine connection
codes you can specify a 50mm gap at all times between the two
profiles. Therefore if the deck panel moves to 8500 above base,
not only will the bulkhead adjust to the new height, but the vertical
stiffeners will also adjust to 8250mm above base.
This topology also acts at a lower level, for example if the deck longitudinals where changed to 260*12 OBP,
the vertical stiffeners on the bulkhead would be shortened by 60mm to keep the 50mm gap previously
specified.
AVEVA Marine (12.1)
Hull Detailed Design Planar Hull Modelling (TM-2102)

13
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
This topological dependancy is the idea behind the creation of an AVEVA Marine Hull Model. Where
possible always create panels by referencing existing structure and therefore allow the system to adapt to
any design/scantling changes.

2.5 Production information

An AVEVA Marine Panel is capable of holding all the information required to manufacture the parts
belonging to it. By adding manufacturing details, while modelling a panel, all of the necessary manufacturing
information is available later in the AVEVA Marine Hul l Nesting Module to produce NC Tapes for all the
parts.

While modelling a panel it is possible to add excess to an outer edge or stiffener, add allowances for
Shrinkage, Swedging, Knuckling, etc. define weld bevels for all parts, including bevel preps etc.

However it should be noted that these allowances will not visually appear on the screen. On the screen the
model always appears a perfect fit, although it is easy to check to see what allowances have been added for
a panel. The allowances are actually handled by the AVEVA Marine Splitting function (Plane Part
Generation).

After the completion of modelling for a Block or Unit the splitting function breaks all the panels down into
their base parts, and it is at this stage that all adjustments are made to the outer contours of the parts to
reflect the desired allowances.

The Splitting function then sends all the Plates to the Plate Database and all the Profiles to the Profile
databank ready for Nesting.

2.6 The AVEVA Marine Hull Co-ordinate Systems

2.6.1 The Hull Co-ordinate System
































Panels which are located in planes parallel to a frame plane, centreline
plane or base plane are usually localised by X=xc, Y=yc and Z=zc
respectively.
Arbitrarily orientated panels are defined by giving XYZ
co-ordinates for three points defining the plane.
E.g. ORGIN =Ox, Oy, Oz
UAXIS =Px, Py, Pz
VAXIS =Sx, Sy, Sz
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2.6.2 The Panel Co-ordinate System





The mould plane of the panel is always in the UV plane of a
local co-ordinate system, UVW.
























15
CHAPTER 3
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
3 AVEVA Marine Hull - Syncronisation with Dabacon

Below is an explanation of some of the hull commands. These are covered in more detail in the appropriate
chapter of this training guide.

Note that Dabacon is the native database for AVEVA Marine.

Command: Action:

Acti vate

Activate panel(s) for update.


Appl y


Accept changes to the activated panels. Make
the framework aware of the changes made.

Deactivate

Deactivate panels and revert changes

Appl y and Deactivate

Accept changes and deactivate the panels.

Savework

Commit changes to Dabacon. Make the
changes available to other sessions / users.

Getwork

Get the latest updates from Dabacon (from
other sessions / users).

Save and Unclai m

Save and Unclaim the active elements

3.1 Hull workspace

objects. Hull modeling uses Marine Drafting for any graphical user interaction with the model. Within a hull
application function, the hull object is kept in the hull workspace and any updates are not known outside this
world until the user has executed the Appl y command.

Deactivate: The updated hull objects are reverted in Hull workspace. The Dabacon session is not reverted.
Therefore, once Appl y has been done, the change cannot be reverted.

Appl y: When the hull user executes the Appl y command, the activated/updated hull objects are
synchronized with the Dabacon session, which makes the updated object known to the Explorer, the 3D
display window, for database queries, for PML etc.

Save Work: To commit the changes to the database the user has to do a Save Work. This operation works
as in other AVEVA Marine applications (e.g. Outfitti ng), i.e. all applied changes are saved to the database.
Note: None of the applied changes will be saved unless Save Work is done before exiting the
application.

Save and Unclai m: After Save Work, in order for other users to be able to update the same elements, the
user must explicitly unclaim the elements to unlock them. For this purpose there is a function which
combines Save Work and Uncl aim.

Get Work: The command Get Work is used to refresh the Dabacon session with the latest updates from
other users/sessions. The hull workspace is implicitly Cl ean workspace
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3.2 Workflow within Hull design application

Typical example:






















3.3 Workflow between applications and users

Example, see the picture below:
Hull User 1 makes a change, applies the change and executes savework.
Outfitting User needs to perform Getwork to see the changes from Hull User 1.
Hull User 2 needs to perform Getwork to see the changes from Hull User 1. The hull objects and
elements are (implicitly) read into Hull workspace when accessed by Hull User 2.Hull workspace is
implicitly cleaned to reflect the new status of the Dabacon session.





3.4 Executing a batch process from within a hull design application

Before invoking a batch function, the hull user must execute Save and Unclai m.
When the batch function is finished, the hull user must perform Get Work to be able to see the updates.
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3.5 The Planar Hull - Select Menu

All of the relevant functions required for handling panels can be found under the Pl anar Hul l > Sel ect pull-
down menu. The following functions can be found.

3.5.1 Activate

This option is used to activate panels. Before any operation is carried out on a panel it must be activated.
When an operation is started the system will check for an active panel, if no panel is currently active the user
will be prompted to activate the desired panel.
made since activation. If the
database / hull session.

3.5.2 Apply

After modifying a panel, if the results are satisfactory, the panel should be stored. This will write the modified
version of the panel to the current hull session.The panel will remain active to allow further modification.

3.5.3 Deactivate

After modifying a panel, if the result is not satisfactory, the panel should be deactivated. This will deactivate
the panel but not write anything to the current hull session. Therefore the original panel, before modification,
can be reactivated from the database and another attempt at modification can take place.

3.5.4 Apply and Deactivate

This is a combination of the previous Apply and Deactivate options. This will write the modified version of the
panel to the current hull session and also deactivate the panel.

3.5.5 List Activated

At any time this option can be used and the system will display a list of currently active panels.

3.6 Deleting panels

3.6.1 Deleting individual panels

A drawing should be open which contains at least one view showing the panel(s) to be deleted.
Start the function Planar Hull > Panel > Del ete.
The system will prompt .
Click once on the panel(s) you wish to delete.
Use the OC button when the desired panel(s) has been selected.

The system will display the following question:

Click Yes to delete the panel displayed in the
dialogue box.

Click No to keep the panel displayed in the
dialogue box.

After using Yes or No the system will display the next panel (if more than one is selected) and offer the
same options. This will continue until all panels selected have been offered for deletion. The Al l button may
be used if you are sure all the selected panels should be deleted.
Note: No confirmation message will be displayed and all of the selected panels will be deleted.

If Yes was selected for each panel, or if Al l was used the function is now complete.
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If, however, No was selected for any panel, it is required to use Planar Hul l > Panel > Deacti vate to
deactivate any panels selected but not deleted.

3.6.2 Selecting a large groups of panels for Modification or Deletion

An alternative method of selecting panels is available if a large group of panels are to be activated for
modification or deletion.

Select Pl anar Hul l > Select > Sel ect. The system will display the following form:



















+ Sel ecti on and click Panel s. The following form will be displayed:

Init ial Scope:
Whol e Proj ect: Apply the search criteria to
the whole project.

Col l ect Panel s:

Pick: Panels may be selected interactively
from the drawing currently displayed.

In View: A view may be selected, all panels
in the displayed view will be added to the
filter.

Li st: Displays all the selected objects

Fi l ter: Used with Whol e Proj ect
It is possible to use * wild card and
| Or function in the filter. Eg. F401|F108*


Bl ock, Panel, or Scheme can be selected. A string can be entered (with a wildcard *) to additionally filter
the results.

Click Accept to add the objects to the current selection list. Additional strings can be given to build the list of
current objects.Deny can be used to remove items from the selected scope. Remove will delete the current
filter.

To view the list of objects collected by the filters given,
Click Selecti on to return to the form shown below, then click Eval uate to list the current scope
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All objects (down to part level will be
displayed in the list.

Show: Will highlight the selected
objects if displayed in the current
drawing.

View may be used to display a
graphical view of the selected
objects.

Print: Send list to a printer.

When happy with the panels
selected use the OK button.

The Planar Hull > Model > Modify
or Del ete options may be used to
modify or delete the selected
objects.





If the Group node is selected the following form is displayed:



Col l ect Groups:
Pick: Allows a group of components to be
selected for modification or deletion.

Select the group to be modified or deleted.

Type: Can be used to allow the
selection to be filtered to allow the
detection of one type of component
only.











Scheme Fi l ter: Allows the selection of a group of
components, click Templ ate and select the group in the
drawing.
The component scheme will be displayed in the form as
a template. This can be edited before selecting Accept
to use it as a selection filter.

If you return to the Selecti on node the Sel ected Items list will display the current selection, selecting an
item in this list will display the scheme statement used to define it, the scheme cannot be modified in this
form.
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When deleting panels the system will display a delete confirmation question for each of the selected panels.

Click Yes to delete the panel displayed in the dialogue box.

Click No to keep the panel displayed in the dialogue box.

After using Yes or No the system will display the next panel (if more than one was selected) and offer the
same options. This will continue until all panels selected have been offered for deletion.
If a large number of panels have been selected, and you are sure you want to delete them all, an option
exists to delete all. When the system displays the dialogue box asking whether or not to delete the first
panel, use the Al l button and the system will delete all selected panels without offering the option for
each one.
If Yes was selected for each panel, or if Al l was used the function is now complete.
If, however, No was selected for any panel, it is required to use Planar Hul l > Select > Deacti vate to
deactivate any panels selected but not deleted.

Any number of groups and combinations of
items can be selected. These can be named
for future use.

To create a selection, right click in the
Category window and select New, Enter a
name for the new selection in the Name input
box. Make a selection using the options
described previously. Right click next to the
new selection in the Category window and
select Save
(a .sel file is created in the dat folder of the
current project, the contents can be viewed in
a text editor e.g. Notepad or Wordpad).

Open allows a previously created selection to
be loaded using the .sel file (the .sel file will
still be retained after a selection has been
deleted).
Current allows the user to select which
selection filter should be active.

Del ete allows the user to delete a selection
category. (Note: the .sel file is retained
unless deleted using Windows utilities).






21
CHAPTER 4
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
4 Getting started

Select Start > Al l Programs > AVEVA Mari ne > Desi gn > 12.1 > Hul l Design
The login screen will be displayed:




Log in using the input shown on the
example form, the password =PHULLMID











4.1 Defining a new panel.

It is recommended that this is perfomed in a drawing with a view already created in which you wish to model
the new panel.

4.1.1

Start the function
Planar Hul l > Model > Create, the system
will prompt .

Do not indicate a panel, click the OC button
The following menu will appear:

Data:
Panel name:
Key in the desired panel name, the Panel
name is free but a recommended layout is
as follows:
<Bl ock> - <Number>

Bl ock: The block name.

Number: Number to identify the panel type.
For example:
100 numbers represent deck panels
200 numbers represent transverse
bulkheads

Where a drop down arrow appears
next to the field, this can be selected
to display the available options.
Names should not exceed 15
characters.

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Panel type:
Leave as Ordinary (other options covered later in this course).

Bl ock:
The name of the AVEVA Marine Block the panel should belong to. All available blocks can be found from the
scrollable list.

Data Type:
Default is 101, can be edited to suit. Data types offer the user a method of classifying panels in a way to suit
themselves, with a few exceptions:500 - 599 are

The data type number is made up of three digits, suppose that DT=XYZ
Then if: Y =8 the panel is a non-watertight bulkhead. If Y =9 the panel is a watertight bulkhead.

All other values of Y and all values of X and Z are arbitrary and can be used by the customer to help further

Appendix II gives an example of how data types can be used to distinguish between different panel types.

Geo Type:
Special restrictions can be applied to certain geometry types when creating web panels, in particular those
of geometry type 102, 103 & 104.
Weld compensation can also be controlled for built profiles of geometry type 90.
Geometry type 958 is reserved for a knuckled (main) panel.

Parts List:
Parts list name can be given manually here if desired, usually left blank

Bui l d No:
The build number (project) referenced in the Structure Reference Object, (for sister ship handling).

GPS1, GPS2, GPS3, GPS4:
General Purpose Strings.

Valid:
Select either; PS and SB, PS, SB or over / in CL.

Usage:
Usually leave this as Ordinary. If watertight or non-waterti ght is selected then the system will amend the
data type to suit.

Stored: Leave as Auto.
The system will use the information in the Vali d field and store the panel correctly.

Marksi de:
By default marking will be on the side of the panel where intersecting members will be fitted. If necessary the
marking side can be altered to be the opposite side to that on which the members are fitted. (Recommended
not to be changed as this can be handled in the Nesting application).

Functi onal:
A Functional Description is a text string up to 75 characters in length. Values for functional descriptions may
be set by the system manager in a text file. These strings are linked to an index and therefore the data may
be filtered using these indexes.

Ident li ne:
Identity line is a descriptive text displayed at the head of the scheme file if no statement is given the panel
name will be used.

Surface Value: Not currently used.




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Location:
View: Panel plane is taken from the plane used to create an existing view in the current drawing.
X: Panel is in the X plane i.e. transverse panel.
Y: Panel is in the Y plane i.e. longitudinal panel.
Z: Panel is in the Z plane i.e. horizontal (deck) panel.
3 pts: 3 points define Panel plane, origin, u axis v axis.
Curve: Panel plane is taken from plane of an existing curve.
Plane: Panel plane is taken from the plane of an existing Plane.
RSO: Panel plane is taken from the plane of an existing RSO.

Di rectl y: When checked a model statment can be directly entered or modified.

As it is recommended to create a view to model each panel in, it is also recommended to use the View
option to define the location of the panel.
If, as recommended, the Locati on is set to Vi ew, click then indicate the relevant view in the current
drawing.

Selecting the GeneralStrings tab will display a form, where additional texts may be defined.

When the input menu is complete, click the Create button.


The system will now
display the following
menu:


By default the system
presents the Boundary
Wi zard, if however you
wish to create a Point,
Curve, Num, or Plane,
these may be selected to
define objects to be used
in the boundary statement.

Some of these options will
be covered later in this
course.


















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4.1.2 Panel boundaries

Generally speaking the information previously defined on the Panel form defines the plane that a panel will
lie in. However, the plane described is infinite, it has no limits.
The Boundary Wizard is used to define the outer limits of a
panel. This is generally done by referring to other panels, curves,
lines etc.
Each panel can have a maximum of 12 Boundaries. It is
recommended that boundaries are given in a Counter-clockwise
order when viewed in default AVEVA Marine views (AFT). The
system will however re-order the limits after the panel has been
Applied and Deactivated and then re-activated.

Boundaries are numbered in the order they are given (1, 2, 3,etc)
The given boundaries must form a closed contour. Connection points between boundaries are called

Great care should be taken to ensure any features which are dependent on a limit or corner number
(e.g. holes/notches along a limit) are referenced to the correct limit or corner.

4.1.3

After providing the necessary
information on the Panel form,
and clicking Create then
selecting the Boundary Wi zard,
button as shown on the previous
page, the system will display the
following menu:

Holding the cursor over the
buttons will display a tooltip.

Move up: Will move the selected
statement up one position.

Move down: Will move the
selected statement down one
position.

Remove: Will delete the selected
statement.

Appl y: Will append the values
defined in the form to the current
statement.








When Auto appl y is checked, selecting another boundary option will automatically add the values that
have been defined to the last active boundary. When defining the final boundary, clicking OK will
automatically apply the current values to the final boundary when this box is checked.



Curve
Line
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Cancel: Will exit the Boundary Wizard without saving any of the boundaries which have been defined.

OK: When all boundaries have been defined, click OK to generate the panel boundaries.






Insert Free and Make Free are defined by standard geometry sets.

4.1.3.1 The Line boundary option

Defining a boundary as a line is the simplest form. However, it should be noted, that unless topological
points are used to define the position of the line, the boundary is unable to adjust to model changes, as the
position is fixed with hard co-ordinates. Therefore, for a completely Topological Model, it is policy to
reference other objects rather than use a line option.

However in the early stages of a model not all of the surrounding objects will be available to reference. It is
at this time that Line boundaries come into their element. By using the Li ne option, panels can be created
out of topological order, and then edited to reference surrounding panels, as they become available.
Selecting Li ne from the list of boundary options results in the following menu appearing:











Only the options relevant
for the plane of the
current panel will be
displayed. For example,
the menu shown opposite
is for a panel defined in
the X plane, therefore all
options involving X lines
are not displayed.















Curve Surface Profil e
Al ong
Profil e
CrossSecti on
Profil e
Overlap
Plane
Panel
Intersecti ng
Panel
Li ne
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Li ne defi ned by pl ane:
Parameters:
X Requires one X co-ordinate, type in the co-ordinate and click Appl y. Alternatively click Indi cate and
the system will prompt . Indicate the desired position on the screen, any of the Cursor
toolbar options may be used.

Y Requires one Y co-ordinate, type in the co-ordinate and click Appl y.Alternatively click Indi cate and
the system will prompt . Indicate the desired position on the screen.

Z Requires one Z co-ordinate, type in the co-ordinate and click Appl y. Alternatively click Indi cate and
the system will prompt Indicate the desired position on the screen.

Li ne defi ned by poi nt and incli nati on:
Parameters:

















U Requires one U co-ordinate, type in the co-ordinate and click Appl y. Alternatively click Indi cate and the
system will prompt . Indicate the desired position on the screen.

V Requires one V co-ordinate, type in the co-ordinate and click Appl y. Alternatively click Indi cate and the
system will prompt . Indicate the desired position on the screen.

U,V Requires a two co-ordinate point (U,V) and then a direction angle for the
line (Incl ination angle). Alternatively use Indi cate to define the U,V
value, and the system will prompt . Indicate a starting
point. The Inclination angle can then be defined (check the Inclination
angle box and key a value or select Indi cate and define the direction on
the screen. The system will convert these two positions into a start point
and direction angle.

UV Requires the name of a topology point (e.g. P1) and then a direction angle for the line (Incl ination
angle). Alternatively use Indicate when prompted for the topology point, and the system will prompt
Indi cate 2D topol ogy poi nt . Indicate the 2D topology point. The Incl ination angl e can then be defined
(check the Incl ination angl e box and key a value or select Indi cate and define the direction on the
screen, any existing geometry may be used or the direction can be freely indicated. The system will
convert these two positions into a start point and direction angle.











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Li ne defi ned by two poi nts:
Parameters:




When global co-ordinates are used
as the first input (XYZ),
T is replaced with another point (XT
etc).





Two poi nts The system will request two points. The first point is defined by U1 and V1, the second point is
defined by U2 and V2. Alternatively click Indi cate, and indicate the two points on the screen.

YZ Requires a two co-ordinate starting point (one Y and one Z) and then a two co-ordinate direction point
(one Y and one Z). Key these in as required. Alternatively use Indi cate, and indicate a start point and
direction point.

XZ Requires a two co-ordinate starting point (one X and one Z) and then a two co-ordinate direction point
(one X and one Z). Key these in as required. Alternatively use Indi cate, and indicate a start point and
direction point.

XY Requires a two co-ordinate starting point (one X and one Y) and then a two co-ordinate direction point
(one X and one Y). Key these in as required. Alternatively use Indi cate, and indicate a start point and a
direction point

4.1.3.2 The Curve boundary option



Stored Curves:
Generally speaking these curves are created at the start of a project. They usually comprise of Section
curves cut at each Frame, Waterline curves cut at each vertical LP and Buttock curves cut at each horizontal
LP. If a panel is being created at a FR or LP position then these curves can be used as a boundary to define
the intersection with the shell.
Although these stored curves can be used for intersections with the shell it is recommended that
boundary option Surface is used for this type of boundary.

Panel Specifi c Curves:
It is possible to define a curve, which only exists inside the current panel. We will cover the use of the Curve
option in more detail later. At this stage it is enough to know that a curve can be created directly after the
definition of the Panel
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The example opposite shows a transverse bulkhead panel in which the
inboard boundary is defined by a panel specific curve.

The outboard boundary could also have been defined using a stored curve,
but as mentioned previously we recommend option Surface for this type of
boundary.





After selecting Curve from the boundary options list the system will display the following dialogue box:


Name: Key the name of the curve to be used or click Indicate to select the curve in the drawing (the curve
must already be displayed in the drawing).

Reference: Key the name of the waterline, buttock or frame curve to be used (the curve must already be
stored in the CGDB).

Contour Number:

Reflected: Used when creating curves for use on the starboard side of the ship (hull curves are normally
created for the port side and reflected for the startboard side)

Paral lel displ acement: (Optional) Offset from the selected curve.

Inputting a value will result in a parallel displacement of the curve by the distance specified.
If a positive value is entered then the displacement will be to the right of the direction of the curve.
If a negative value is entered then the displacement will be to the left of the direction of the curve.

Generally speaking if you are using a panel specific curve you will normally have defined the curve exactly
as required, so displacement is not normally used in this case.

If you are using a stored curve then displacement from the shell is more common (although this
displacement is also available in option Surface). Therefore the direction of stored curves is explained
below:

Section curves: Port side Start at CL and run to Port side.
Stbd side Start at CL and run to Stbd side.

Waterline curves: Port side Start at aft end and run forward.
Stbd side Start at aft end and run forward.

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Buttock curves: Port side Start at aft end and run forward. Stbd side Start at aft end and run forward.

















When finished if Auto appl y is not selected, click Appl y, otherwise select the next limit option or OK to
complete the boundary statement.

4.1.3.3 The Intersecting panel boundary option

One of the most common methods of defining a boundary is to use an intersecting panel, i.e. a panel not in
the same plane as the panel being created. In the example below three intersecting panels and a curve
define the boundary for the floor:
















When an intersecting panel is selected on the screen, the system will show a highlighted line on the side of
the intersecting panel nearest the point of indication. This does not indicate which side will be used as the
boundary. This highlighted line is only used to indicate which side any displacement from the intersecting
panel will appear on. If no displacement is to be given then the side of the indication has no effect
whatsoever as the system will automatically choose the correct side of the intersecting panel.

If a displacement is to be added, it will be given in the direction shown when
indicating the panel, and it will also be measured from the thickest plate if there
is a change in thickness on the side indicated.

The example opposite shows a 50mm displacement from a variable thickness
panel.

If no displacement is defined from an intersecting panel then the system will
automatically take care of variable thickness, i.e. the panel boundary will follow the
stepped intersecting panel as shown opposite.


Example of a Port side Section
Positive 500mm
displacement appears
outside of ship i.e. right side
of curve.
Negative 500mm
displacement appears
inside of ship i.e. left side of
curve
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If option Intersecting panel is selected from the boundary options, the system will display the following
dialogue box:













Key in the Name of the RSO, panel , or pl ane, Indi cat e may be used to select graphically in the drawing.
The RSO and Panel check boxes can be used to restrict the type of element that can be selected
interactively, e.g. checking the Panel
ignored.

Reflected: Check when creating limits on the startboard side, where reflected panels have been created.

Paral lel displ acement: Offset from the selected element. Key in the value as required or use OK to return
zero displacement.
4.1.3.4 The Plane Panel boundary option

Another method of defining a boundary is to reference an existing panel that lies in the same plane as the
panel being created. In this case the system requires more information than just the panel name. As well as
the panel in the same plane the system also requires the relevant boundary (or limit number) to intersect or
a flange number.





If option Plane Panel is selected from the
boundary options the following menu will be
displayed:
Plane panel with Flange Plane panel no Flange














Indi cate the plane panel limit or flange to be used as the boundary for the new panel. The Fl ange and Li mi t
number check boxes can be used to restrict the type of element that can be selected. The system will
automatically complete the form.
The information may be keyed in if preferred. When finished if Auto appl y is not selected, click Appl y,
otherwise select the next limit option or OK to complete the boundary statement.
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4.1.3.5 The Surface boundary option

The system will take the plane of the panel, previously defined in the Panel option,


If option Surface is selected from the boundary options the system will display the following dialogue box:
















Name: The system will display the name of the surface registered in the Hull reference object as the default
name. (This is usually the name of the main hull and the most commonly used surface in the project). If you
wish your panel to intersect with a different surface within the project, then enter the name of the surface you
wish to intersect with.

Number:

Reflected: If the desired intersection is on the port side this box should be left blank.
If the desired intersection is on the starboard side, select the check box (a tick will appear to indicate that the
intersection will be reflected).

Li mit box: This gives the user the option to define a limiting box to control the extent of the intersection
created by the system. In the vast majority of panels no input is required. However there are certain cases
where the system generated intersection with the surface may leave the system with two or more options
concerning the final appearance of the panel. In these cases the limiting box is used to inform the system of
the desired end result. (The limits may be selected interactively on the screen by using the option.

Di splacement: Inputting a value will result in a parallel displacement of the intersection by the distance
specified. Leaving this box blank will result in no displacement.

Limit box example:

The desired result is a deck from CL to 3000mm off CL, therefore the boundary options of a line at Y=0,
Y=3000 and Surface have been used. However the option of surface results in the system generating an
intersection running from the CL at the aft end, right around the ship and back to the CL at the fore end.
If you combine this with the Y=0 and Y=3000, the system does not know if the panel should run from the CL


The solution to this is to define Ymax=3000 and Xmin=FR100 for the Surface intersection at the fore end
and Ymax=3000 and Xmax=FR30 for the Surface intersection at the aft end.
will automatically go from Y=0 to Y=3000 via a portion of surface at the fore and aft ends.

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Where the shell plate thickness are
inside the moulded line the variable
SBH_ENABLE_SHPLACOMP should
be set (this is the responsibility of the
Hull Manager).
This will compensate for the varying shell plate thickness at any
intersecting planar panels.
The figure right shows the result when
a panel has been generated against the
shell in a ship with the plate thickness
inwards with SBH_ENABLE_SHPLACOMP set.






4.1.4

Submi tting a boundary defi ni tion: After using a combination of the previously defined boundary options to
define a closed contour for the panel, the boundary is submitted to the system by clicking the OK button.
Assuming the boundary is correctly defined the system will highlight the resulting contour with a thick red
line.
This highlighting is slightly offset from the actual boundary to allow ease of indication during later
functions.
Editi ng a boundary defi ni ti on: If after
the information given, carry out the following functions.



1. Ensure the panel in question is
activated.
2. Use the command Planar Hul l >
Model > Modi fy. The system will
prompt .
3. Click the Options button and the
system will display a menu containing
a button for each type of information
that can be defined.
4. Click the BOUNDARY button, the
system will display the menu shown
opposite:

The references shown in the menu
contain the information given in the
original Boundary definition. Edit these to
suit and click Appl y after each change.
Click OK, remember to Appl y and
Deactivate.

Please note the following:
All panel names must be entered in
capital letters.


Edge of panel is stepped in
line with change in shell
plate thickness.

Mould line
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Exercise 1


1. Open the drawing EXERCISE-01

2. Create a floor panel Over/in C.L. at FRM 113. Use the following panel name: M204-FR113_1.

3. The panel should belong to block M204

4. Use the boundaries outlined below for the floor.




5. Apply and deactivate the panel.

A warning message will be displayed as no material has been applied to the panel.



6. Create a panel using block M211 at 6400 above base, valid for PS with the name M211-LP28_1
Repeat the process using valid for SB, using the STB side view and name M212-LP28_1




7. Create the boundaries shown above and Apply and Deactivate the panel.

8. Save the drawing.

9. Save and Unclaim.

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35
CHAPTER 5
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
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5 Seams, Plates, Excess, Weld and Tap pieces

5.1 Seams

Seam definition is not compulsory in a panel. It is only required if a panel is to be made up of two or more
plates. If a panel consists of only one plate then no seam definition is required.

If a panel is a combination of two or more plates then the Seam definition is used to define the line of the
seam between the plates and any bevel to be applied along it.

5.1.1 Defining a Seam

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Click the Seam button, the following menu will appear: The form will open on the Seam tab.


Al ong Li ne: All the line definitions previously explained can be used to define the seam.

Li ne: Clicking allows the user to select a
position in the drawing using any of the cursor
positions.

Mould Line: The positions of the seams to be
created. E.g Y=1000. Multiple values and FR and
LP positions can be used e.g. X=FR76.5(3)82.5

Di recti on: Where the seam direction cannot be
established from the defining element e.g. Perp
to limit, a direction can be defined. (Greyed out
when not applicable).
For all the following options can be used to
select an element in the drawing.

Al ong Curve: A curve previously defined in a
panel can be used to define the line of a seam.



















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Al ong Panel: If we wanted to create transverse floors, intercostal to the Longitudinal Girders shown below,
we could model a series of separate panels between each of the Girders. Alternatively we could create one
transverse floor, across the whole ship, and create a seam in way of each of the penetrating Longitudinal
Girders. Use the reflected tick box when referencing stb panels.






Pll to Li mit: The seam can be defined as parallel to one of the boundaries used to define the panels outer
contour. The offset distance will be measured along the plane of the panel.

Pll to Li mit tan: The seam can be defined as parallel to a tangent at a certain point on a boundary used to
define the panels outer contour.
This option is seldom used.

Pll to Seam: The seam can be defined as parallel to an existing seam:

For the parallel options a Di stance (dimension from the selected
element), Partiti on, (spacing from the first seam), and Number of
seams (number of seams to be created), can be defined.

Perp to Limit: The seam can be defined as perpendicular to a
selected, and a position on the limit defined, the system finds the
opposite limit and projects a line through the point on the selected limit
but perpendicular to the opposite limit. See example opposite, note that
LIM 1 is selected but the seam is perpendicular to LIM 2. Seldom used.

As default, if the seam is defined by displacement from another object,
it will adopt the direction of that object. If a line defines it then it will run
from AFT to FOR, BOT to TOP and CL to PORT.

To reverse the resulting direction of the seam, check the box Opposite di recti on.

If a seam has been defined for symmetric panels (P&S), the user can select if it is to be reflected or not by
checking/unchecking the Refl ected box.

If the seam is a Block limit, the Bl ock l imi t box should be checked.

If Across panel or From/t o is chosen, the seam direction is not important.
If From or To is chosen, the direction is very important. See the examples below:












A line defines the horizontal seam at 750mm above base, therefore its direction is from CL PORT. If the
seam is defined as To seam 1 it will run on the left of seam 1, if it is defined as From seam 1 it will run to the
right of seam 1. If, however, the option to reverse the seam had been taken during its creation, the To and
From results would have been reversed.
Some of the above fields will be filled in automatically depending on the type of seam being created. The
automatically defined fields are as follows: From seam, To seam, Li ne and Opposite di recti on.
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The remaining fields are user definable:
Seam no: The user can define a specific number for the seam. If left blank the system will number the
seams in the order they are defined. First defined seam would be allocated seam number 1, second seam
allocated seam number 2, etc.

Comment: Optional. Additional text placed in scheme file for user reference.

Production data

Bevel: Optional. The bevel type to be applied
along the plate edges.

Left bevel: Optional. The bevel type to applied
along the left plate edge only.

Ri ght bevel: Optional. The bevel type to applied
along the right plate edge only.

Bevel si de: The side of the plate the bevel
should be applied to.

Bevel text: Text will be added at each seam
location on the drawing.
Right and Left bevel is in relation to the
direction of the seam. If no bevel type is
defined a square edge preparation, with no
gap, will be applied.

Excess type: Optional. If excess is applied, an
excess type can be specified to indicate at what
stage the excess should be removed in the
production process.

Left excess type: Optional. If left excess is to
be applied, an excess type can be specified to
indicate at what stage the excess should be
removed.


Ri ght excess type: Optional. If right excess is to be applied, an excess type can be specified to indicate at
what stage the excess should be removed.

Excess: Optional. Defines any excess to be added to both plate edges.

Left excess: Optional. Defines any excess to be added to the left plate edge.

Ri ght excess: Optional. Defines any excess to be added to the right plate edge.

When the above menu is completed click the Create button and the system will generate the seams.

Gri nding: A number defining the grinding operation. (If grinding is set).

Cl ear: Can be used to remove all entries from the form.








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5.1.1.1 Bevel types:

Examples:


Please refer to the AVEVA Marine
Documentation; Hull Detailed Design; Setup
and Customisation; Bevel Excess and Weld;
Bevel Handling in AVEVA Marine; Bevel Types
for Butt Welding; Butt Bevel Welding Types;
Survey





















5.1.2 Modifying an existing seam

If after defining a seam it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the following
functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.

2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. The system will prompt .

3. Click once on the seam to be modified. The system will highlight the seam and prompt OK?

4. Click Yes to modify the seam, No to deactivate the seam.

5. If Yes is clicked the system will display the original form used to create the seam. Edit the information as
required and click Update. The system will now update the seam with the new information provided.

As an alternative Planar Hull > Model > Edit can be used to display the seam information. Select the seam
then select the statement and modify the text as required, right click and select Statement > Run This.Then
Save. Click X to close the Hul l Editor menu.

This type of component activation, i.e. Planar Hull > Scheme > Edit can be used to edit any statement
created for the panel. This is in addition to the previously shown methods of editing.


5.2 Plates

When defining a plate the following information can be given: Plate thickness, Position relative to the
moulded plane and Material quality.
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A plate definition must exist for every plate in a panel. If multiple plates exist a co-ordinate must be given to
identify the different plates. If there is only one plate (i.e. no seams), then no co-ordinates are required.

5.2.1 Defining Plates

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.
Click the Pl ate button, the following menu will appear:

Number of plates: Will be filled in automatically after clicking and indicating the plate centres.

Points: Will be filled in
automatically after clicking
and indicating the plate
centres.

Material : Defines the
thickness of the plate. Can be
used to define the plate
position, if it does not lie on
the moulded plane of the
panel.









Material =10











Material =25,10 (plate =15
thk.)

Mside: Used to define the direction of the plate thickness. The default values are:
TOP - For deck panels.
AFT - For transverse panels. (When view is created looking AFT)
CENTRELINE - For longitudinal panels.

If the default is not what is required click the button and the other available options will be displayed.

Qual ity: Used to define the Quality of the steel to be used for the plate. If no value is given the system


Pos. number: Allows the manual assignment of a position number to a plate. Usually left blank and
assigned automatically later.

Pos. number SB: Allows unique starboard position numbers.

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Destination: Defines the workshop where the plate will be assembled. (Workshop stations must have been
previously defined in the Project).

Surface treat: Defines the required surface treatment of the plate before the production phase. (The surface
treatments must have been previously defined in the Project).

Raw plate name: Defines the raw plate name. This is a free string and is for information only as no checks
are made later against this name.

FRP: For designation of laminates in FRP constructed vessels.

Col our: Define the display colour of the plate from the drop-down menu.

Comment: Add a comment to the scheme file.

Functi onal: Functional description for additional control options, e.g. when numbering parts.

After indicating the plate centres and completing the menu as required, usually only a plate thickness and
material side, click the Create button. The system will return to the Plate menu. Additional plates of a
different thickness can be created by repeating this procedure. When all plates have been defined select
one of the other menu options or select Fi ni sh.

1. A plate definition must exist for every plate in a panel.
2. If you move a seam for whatever reason, check to ensure the co-ordinates used to identify the
various plates are still applicable.

5.2.2 Modifying an existing plate

If, after defining the plates in a panel, it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out
the following functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.

2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. The system will prompt .

3. Click the Options button and the system will display a menu containing a button for each type of
information that can be defined.

4. Click the PLATE button and, in the drawing, click once on the plate symbol for the plate in question. The
system will highlight the affected plates and ask if it is OK to proceed.

5. Click Yes to proceed with the modification, click No to deactivate the plates.

6. If Yes is clicked the system will display the menu used to create the plate.

7. Edit where necessary and select Update to confirm changes, select Fi ni sh to close the menu.


As an alternative Planar Hull > Model > Edit can be used to display the plate information. Select the plate
symbol then select the statement and modify the text as required, right click and select Statement > Run
Thi s then Save, click X to close the Hul l Edi tor menu.

Planar Hull > Model > Modify can be used to select individual plate symbols within a group. The form used
to create plates will be displayed and the statement for a single plate will be displayed for modification.
Modify the plate and select Update.






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5.3 Excess

This option is used to define any e
material will not be seen on the screen, but will be automatically added to the plates when they are split for
production.

5.3.1 Defining excess

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.
Click the Excess button, the system will prompt .
Indicate the limit to which you wish to add excess.
The following menu will appear:



Li mit: The limit number on the
current panel where excess
should be applied. Click to
select the limit in the drawing.

Type: Optional. An excess type
can be specified to indicate at
what stage the excess should
be removed in the production
process.

Excess: The value in mm to be
added or removed from the
boundary limit.

Valid for: Where symmetrical
panels are created, the excess
can be applied to either or both
panels.

After completing the menu as
required, click the Create
button.

The system will return to the
Excess menu. Either indicate
another limit to add excess to,
or select another menu option
or Fi ni sh to close the menu.





5.3.2 Modifying an existing excess

If, after defining excess for the plates in a panel, it becomes necessary to modify any of the information
given, carry out the following functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.
2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. Select the excess symbol in the drawing. The
system will display the menu used to create the excess. Modify the settings in the form and click
Update.

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5.4 Weld

This option is used to define bevel/weld information for the outer edges of a plane panel. A limit may be
broken down into several intervals. One Weld statement is required for each interval. Bevelling and welding
can be set along limits defined by hull curves, panel intersections, profile sections (CROSS), profile edges
(ALONG) if no overlap is given and by flanges on panels in the same plane.

5.4.1 Defining weld information

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.
Click the Weld button. The following menu will appear:


Li mit: Indicate the limit to which you wish to add
weld/bevel information.

Bevel:
Sel ection: Used to select the bevel to be
applied to the defined interval. Options are:
USER: If this is selected a valid bevel code
should be entered in the Code field or click
to select a code from a form containing all the
available bevels in the current project, then click
OK. The form may appear as shown at the
bottom of the page.

AUTO: Only applicable if Dotori license is
available. The bevel type is derived
automatically from rules, set up in the bevel
control object.

EQUAL: Should be used only in case of butt
welding to the limit of another panel. Then the
bevel type (and weld, if any) will be fetched from
the adjoining limit of that panel.

Bevel text Text will be added at each seam
location on the drawing.

Side: Defines the positive side that is supposed
when defining the weld and bevel type.


If DEFAULT is selected as the side, the positive side is supposed to be in the direction of the w-axis of the
local co-ordinate system of the panel. Options are AFT, FOR, SB, PS, TOP and BOT



Bevel code selection form shown opposite:




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Start:
Interval :
start_of_l imit:
Starts at the start point of current limit.

end_of_prev_i nt: Starts at the end point of the previous interval.
i nt_with_li ne: Starts at intersection with defined line. Key in a position or click to select a position
interactively.
i nt_with_seam: Starts at intersection with existing seam. Click to select a seam interactively.

di st_from_st art: Defines the distance from the start point of the limit to the start of the interval. Key value
into di stance field.

di st_from_end: Defines the distance from the end point of the limit to the start of the interval. Key value into
di stance field.

End:
Interval :
As for Start of interval except used to define the end point of the interval.

kn type: Knuckle type

knuckle angl e: Optional. Defines the knuckle angle along the boundary.

ref panel : Optional. Reference to a panel that should be used to calculate the knuckled angle along the
boundary. Click to select the panel in the drawing or key the name in the input box.

Gri nding: A number defining the grinding operation. (If grinding is set).

Wel d size: The size of the fillet weld on This side and Other side, respectively. If the weld is symmetric, only
one value need be given.

After completing the menu as required click the Create button.

The system will return to the Weld menu. Either indicate another limit to add weld information to, or select
another menu option or Fi nish to close the menu.

5.4.2 Modifying weld information

If, after defining weld information for the plate boundaries, it becomes necessary to modify any of the
information given, carry out the following functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.
2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. Select the weld text at the limit to be modified.
The system will display the menu used add the original weld information. Edit the information as
required and click Update.

5.5 Defining tap pieces

When welding plates together, there is a tendency for the edges
of the plates to become damaged where the weld starts and
finishes. To alleviate the problem, tap pieces can be added
which can later be removed. These may be added at the
junction of a seam with a plate edge or corner, inside an
opening, at a cut out or notch.



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Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.
Click the Tap button, the following menu will appear:


Tap type: As defined by your Hull
manager.

Paral lel : Where the plate edge is
not perpendicular to the seam, the
tap pieces may be added parallel
to the plate edge when the box is
checked
.
Col our: The colour that the tap
piece will be displayed.

Valid:The symmetry that should
be applied to the tap piece.

No: The number of the created
tap piece, each tap should be
uniquely numbered, if no number
is given, the system will
automatically assign the next
available number.

Comment: Optional text string.

Connecti on:
Seam/Limi t: The intersection of a
seam within the panel and one of
the panel limits.

Seam/Hole: The intersection of a
seam within the panel and a hole
in the panel.


Seam/Notch: The intersection of a seam within the panel and a notch in the panel.

Seam/Cutout: The intersection of a seam within the panel and a cutout in the panel. References will be
added to the Panel and Prof ref when the cutout has been selected.

Corner/Li mit: At a corner of the plate along an indicated limit.

Depending on the type of connection selected, certain menu options will be activated. Click alongside
the element type to select the element interactively, or key the name in the box. Select the seam and
element, ensure the Tap type and a unique No have been entered and click Create.

The tap will be displayed in the drawing as a symbol at the indicated location. The number displayed is the
unique tap number, not the tap type.

Example shown opposite:






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5.5.1 Editing a Tap piece

If after defining a tap piece it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the
following functions.
1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.
2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. Select the tap piece to be modified. The system
will display the menu used add the original tap information. Edit the information as required and click
Update.





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Exercise 2

1. Open the drawing EXERCISE-01.

2. Define the seams (use bevel code 200) Plates and Excess as shown below.

3. Add a weld definition for the FWD edge of the deck panel selecting a code from the list.

4. Add taps as shown, use type 1

5. Appl y and Deactivate the panel.

6. Add a seam at FR124+150 on the panel 6400 A.B. add 12 thk plate. PS and STB side.

7. Appl y and Deactivate the panel.

8. Save the drawing.

9. Save and Unclaim.













































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CHAPTER 6
6 Panel specific curves & topological points

6.1 Panel specific curves

A panel specific curve can be defined anytime after the Panel information has been submitted. It is used to
define a local contour that can be used to establish the shape of another component in the panel. By itself
the curve does not actually define anything, it must be combined with another panel component for it to
appear in the 3D model.

Examples of panel components referencing a previously defined curve are:
Boundary:
Seam: The contour defined by the curve is used as the line for a seam on the panel.
Sti ffener: The contour defined by the curve is used as a trace line for a stiffener on the panel.
Hol e: The contour defined by the curve is used to describe the shape of a hole in the plate of the panel.
A curve contour can be defined in two ways:

Fi l let Curve: These can be defined by connecting curve parts via fillet radii. The curve parts can be defined
by, lines, existing curves, boundaries or intersecting panels. All of the previous options can be displaced
parallel to themselves.

Segment Curve: These are generated by defining start / end points, radii or amplitudes for each segment,
using the input form shown in chapter 6.1.3.

Existi ng geometry as Segment Curve: These can be drawn in 2D using the General Design drafting
functions, the system will then convert the geometry into the correct format.

Paral lel Curve: These can be a copy of a previous curve, off set by points or distance.

6.1.1 Defining Fillet curves

Worked example: TO BE COMPLETED BY TRAINEES (Drawi ng EXERCISE-01)

Use the panel shown below as an example. Create a curve to be used as a
boundary limit of the panel.



Start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Create a panel and name it M204-FR113_2
Valid for P&S at X=FR113

Select the Curve button. Then select Fi l let Curve from the menu shown
below:













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The following menu shown below will appear:

Curve name: Give the name for the
resulting curve.

The menu displays the possible
options for describing a segment of
the fillet curve. Holding the cursor over
the buttons will reveal a tool tip.
Li ne
Surface
Curve
Curve tangent
Profil e reference
Intersecti ng panel
Li mit
Li mit tangent


Select the Intersecti ng panel option. The following menu will be displayed:















Click Indi cate and select the bulkhead at LP4. (Alternativly an RSO could be picked)

Give a Radius of 500mm and Parallel di spl acement of 400mm, Side should be PS, Di rection TOP.
Click Appl y.

Move up: Will move the selected statement up one position.
Move down: Will move the selected statement down one position.
Remove: Will delete the selected statement.
Appl y Will append the values defined in the form to the current statement
Cancel: Close the curve menu form without saving any data.
OK: When all segments are complete, OK will generate the curve in the drawing.


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The second edge of the curve is going to be a Li ne at Z=3185














Parameters: The line definition (see above).
Reversed: The default direction of line definitions is from aft to forward, starboard to port, and bottom to top.
If reversed is checked the line will run in the opposite direction.
Indi cate: Indicate may be used to define the location in the drawing.
Radi us: The fillet radius to be used to join the start of this curve with the previous one. If this is the first
segment of a curve and a radius is defined it will be used to join this segment with the final segment of the
curve.
Paral lel di spl acement: The value of any offset displacement.
Side: Which side, of the selected object, any displacement should occur.
Col our / Line t ype: Pick from a range of colours and line types.

Now Click the OK button. The system will create the segment in the drawing.

Using the newly created curve create a boundary for the panel (as shown at 6.1.1) Use topological
references where possible.

Give the panel a plate thickness 12 mm

Planar Hull > Sel ect > Appl y and Deactivate the panel.

If a hole is to be defined by a fillet curve, Cl osed curve must be checked.
The curve is only a contour, it needs to be referenced by another statement to become active in the 3D
model. (e.g. a hole holes will be covered later in this course). If the panel is stored and skipped, the curve
will no longer be displayed. It will be necessary to input the scheme again to activate the curve.


6.1.2 Defining Existing geometry as Segment Curves.

To draw and convert a curve into a panel specific curve the following steps should be taken.
1. Make the view, in which the 2D curve will be seen, current. Use the function
Tools > Subpicture > Current > New subpi cture (manual ).

2. The system will prompt , indicate the view.

3. The system will prompt , select level 1. Click Cancel to end the function.This is very
important, as when you draw the curve the system needs to know which view to take the ships co-
ordinates from when converting the lines to co-ordinates. A failure to make the relevant view current will
result in the wrong translation of the co-ordinates by the system, and the subsequent failure of the
resulting panel specific curve.

4. Use the drafting functions to create the desired curve.

5. Use the Modi fy > Chain function to link together all the geometry used to create the curve.

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6. Use the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel.
From the resulting menu click the Curve button, and select Existi ng geometry as Segment Curve

The system will prompt . Click once on the chained contour on the screen.

The system will display the following menu:


Curve name: Name for the resulting
curve.

Segment setti ngs:
Curve segment: The number of the
current segment. Use to navigate to
each segment. The values can be
modified by keying in new values or
selecting Indi cate and indicating new
positions in the drawing. This should not
be necessary if the original geometry was
correctly defined.

If necessary Appl y each change and
when finished click OK.



6.1.3 Defining Segment Curves.

Use the function Planar Hul l >Model >Create and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From
the resulting menu click the Curve button, and select Segment Curve.

The system will display the following menu:


Curve name: Name for the resulting
curve.

Segment setti ngs:
Curve segment: The number of the
current segment. Use to navigate to
each segment. The values can be keyed
in or selecting Indi cate and indicating
positions in the drawing. After each
segment is defined click Appl y, the
segment will be displayed in the drawing.

Click Insert to add additional segments.
To add a radius to then end of a
segment click Add to tail , give the


Radi us and End point (-ve values can be used to change the direction of the radius). Click Appl y, the
segment will be displayed in the drawing. When finished click OK.

Ampl itude can be added to straight line segments to create a curve (-ve values can be used to change the
direction of the amplitude e.g. for a horizontal line the amplitude may go above or below the line).

Auto Appl y If checked will automatically apply the last defined segment when Insert is clicked. Cancel will
exit the Segment curve editor without saving the data.
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6.1.4 Defining Parallel Curve

Use the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel.
From the resulting menu click the Curve button, and select Paral lel Curve.

The system will display the following menu:


Curve name: Name for the resulting curve.

Paral lel Curve: Name of the curve parallel too.
Click .to select a current curve.

Col our: Colour of the curve.

Li ne type: Type of Geo line. (solid)

Di stance
By poi nts: Off set points to be selected.

By displ acement: Distance the copied curve is to be
off set.













Example of parallel curve shown below


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6.1.5 Modifying curves in boundaries.

Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Modi fy and select the panel boundary to be modified, on the form that is
displayed select the curve that defines the boundary, then click the Curve editor button. The form used to
create the curve will be displayed for modification. When finished click Appl y, then OK.

6.1.6 Modifying Curves defining Holes, Cutouts and Notches

Select Pl anar Hul l >Model >Modi fy and select the contour to be modified, the form will display the segment
information used to define the contour, modify the necessary segments, use to navigate to each
segment. Click Appl y for each segment that has been modified then OK when finished.

6.2 Topological Points

While panel specific curve defined as fillet curves are topological where they refer to the surface or other
panels, if they use line segments they are not topological. This can cause problems when copying panels.
To make fillet curves fully topological, it is best to use topological points to define any line segments.
A topology point is a point stored in the current panel whose position, etc. normally is calculated by
reference to parts of the model. Components in the panel may then be generated by reference to topology
points. The topology points can be said to form a kind of "topology links" between components and the
model in those cases where no direct topological references of the type mentioned above are available.
The general principle for the use of topology points is that references to topology points should be supported
everywhere in plane hull modelling where explicit co-ordinates and directions can be given in input.

The Point statement is used to generate topology points in a plane panel. A point statement may occur
everywhere in an input scheme after the Panel statement.

To create a topol ogical point:
Select Pl anar Hul l > Model >
Create and, if not already activated,
activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Point
button.

The menu shown opposte will be
displayed:

Gi ven: This sub-syntax may be used
to define a topology point by giving
points and an associated direction
explicitly (including references to
already existing points).

Corner: This sub-syntax may be
used to define a topology point by
reference to the corners of the
current panel or any other given
panel.

Profil e cross: This sub-syntax may
be used to define a topology point by
reference to a profile crossection.
The section may be either with the
plane of the current panel or with
principal planes in the local co-
ordinate system of the panel or in the
ship co-ordinate system.


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Intersect: This sub-syntax may be used to define a topology point as the intersection between two "curves".
Each of the two curves may be derived in a number of ways independently of each other.

Interpolati on: This sub-syntax may be used to define a topology point by interpolation between two other
points (any of which may be a topology point).

Profil e end: Selecting a profile on the current panel will allow a point to be defined at the intersection of
mould line at the end of the stiffener that has been selected, selecting closer to one end of the stiffener will
make that end current. Offset values may then be defined from this base point.

Curve: This sub-syntax may be used to define a topology point by selecting a curve and referencing a point
from the curve end.

Seam end: This sub-syntax may be used to define a topology point by selecting a seam and referencing a
point from the seam end.

6.2.1 Explicitly given point.

This sub-syntax may be used to define a topology point by giving points and an associated direction
explicitly (including references to already existing points).

Select Gi ven and system will display the following menu:

Now select 2D Poi nt and system will display
the following menu options (the options dispayed
depend on the plane of the selected panel):

Select XY or UV and key in the co-ordinates or
click the button and system will prompt
'Cursor positi on'. Indicate one or more points
and click OC. The point form will be redisplayed
for further input.

NO: The points are numbered automatically and
the system will give the first free number in the
range 1-999. When given by the user the number
must be in this interval and a point with that
number must not already exist.

R3: Indicates a 3D point. If not given, the
resulting point will be projected onto the surface
or mould plane of the current panel.

DX, DY, DZ or DU, DV: Used to move the
calculated point parallel to the axes of the
selected co-ordinate system.

Di recti on angle(s) T: If not given (and R3
missing) the point will be projected onto the
mould plane of the panel. If given, the point will
be moved to the plate surface of the panel, in the
calculated point in the indicated direction.

Offset in directi on T: Offset from indicated point in the T direction. If not given, the point will be created
on the indicate place. After completing dialogue box click the Create button. The system will display result
point on the screen and return to the Point menu.




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6.2.2 Point at corner of panel.

This sub syntax may be used to define a topology point by reference to the corners of the current panel or
any other given panel.
Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Point button.

The menu shown opposte will be displayed:

Select Corner, the system will prompt
Select Thi s Panel and click , the system
will prompt 'Indi cate corner'. Select a corner
and click OC.
The point form will be redisplayed for further
input.

MSide: The system will use the mould plane
of the selected panel to position the point,
optionally the point can be moved to the non-
mould face of the panel by selecting the
relevant side.

R3: Indicates a 3D point. If not given, the
resulting point will be projected onto the
surface or mould plane of the current panel.

No: The points are numbered automatically
and the system will give the first free number
in the range 1-999. When given by the user
the number must be in this interval and a point
with that number must not already exist.

DX, DY, DZ or DU, DV: Used to move the
calculated point parallel to the axes of the
selected co-ordinate system.

Offset in directi on 1: Defines a move in the
forward direction of the outer contour from the
given corner. The move will be along the
contour of the panel in which the corner is
indicated.

Offset i n di rection 2: Defines a move in the backwards direction.

















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6.2.3 Crossection of profile.

This sub-syntax may be used to define a topology point by reference to a profile cross-section. The section
may be either with the plane of the current panel or with principal planes in the local co-ordinate system of
the panel or in the ship co-ordinate system.

Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Point button.

Select Profi le Cross, the menu shown opposite will be
displayed:

Click , the system will prompt 'Indicate profi le',
select the profile to be used, then click the OC button
and the system prompt 'Indicate characteristi c poi nt '
(see figure below).















Choose the required point.

The point form will be redisplayed for further input.


MSide: The system will use the mould plane of the selected panel to position the point, optionally the point
can be moved to the non- mould face of the panel by selecting the relevant side.

R3: Indicates a 3D point. If not given, the resulting point will be projected onto the surface or mould plane of
the current panel.

No: The points are numbered automatically and the system will give the first free number in the range 1-999.
When given by the user the number must be in this interval and a point with that number must not already
exist.

DX, DY, DZ or DU, DV: Used to move the calculated point parallel to the axes of the selected co-ordinate
system.

Offset in direction 1: Defines an offset in the primary direction.

Offset in directi on 2: Defines an offset in the secondary direction.

Perpendi cul ar offset: Means that the measure will be measured perpendicularly to the profile trace, e.g. to
give a correct overlap of a bracket.





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6.2.4 Intersect

This sub syntax may be used to define a topology point where two objects intersect (object types supported
include Lines, Curves, Panel Limit, Panel Section, and Surface), they will always be projected into the UV-
plane of the current panel before being intersected.

Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Point button.

Select Intersect, the menu shown opposite will be
displayed:

Select Panel Section, click , the system will
prompt 'Indicate panel '. Select a panel section and
the system will display the menu again. Select
Surface, click , and the following form will be
displayed.












Give the name of the surface to be intersected and
define any limits.

Select OK.

The point form will be redisplayed for further input.





The point may be displaced from the original intersection point by keying in DU and DV values, in the
example shown the intersection of the tank top and the surface has been used, this has then been displaced
by DU=-1200, and DV=50, the results are as shown below.













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6.2.5 Interpolation

This sub syntax may be used to define a topology point by interpolation between two other points (any of
which may be a topology point).

Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e and, if not
already activated, activate the relevant panel.
From the resulting menu click the Point button.

Select Interpol ation, the following menu will
appear:

Click , the system will prompt 'Cursor
, select an existing topology point or
define a new point, click OC then select the
second point, click OC again to return to the
point menu. Input the interpolation factor and
any offsets. Click OK when finished. The point
will be displayed in the drawing.

Offset in directi on 1: Specifies a displacement
along the connection line between the two given
points from the calculated point.

Offset in directi on 2: Displacement
perpendicular to and to the left of the previous
direction.

Factor: Interpolation factor between the two
points. It may have value in the range 0 - 1.
F=0.5 means calculating the midpoint between
the two points.









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6.2.6 Profile end

This sub syntax may be used to define a topology point by reference to an existing profile on the panel
Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Point button.

The menu shown opposte will be displayed:

Select Profi le end and click , the system
will prompt 'Indi cate sti ffener/flange'.
Select a profile and click YES if correct
selection.
The point form will be redisplayed for further
input.

MSide: The system will use the mould plane
of the selected panel to position the point,
optionally the point can be moved to the
non- mould face of the panel by selecting
the relevant side.

R3: Indicates a 3D point. If not given, the
resulting point will be projected onto the
surface or mould plane of the current panel.

No: The points are numbered automatically
and the system will give the first free
number in the range 1-999. When given by
the user the number must be in this interval
and a point with that number must not
already exist.

DX, DY, DZ or DU, DV: Used to move the
calculated point parallel to the axes of the
selected co-ordinate system.

Offset in directi on 1: Defines a move in the
forward direction of the outer contour from
the given profile. The move will be along the
contour of the panel in which the profile is
indicated.

Offset in directi on 2: Defines a move in the backwards direction.


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6.2.7 Curve

This sub syntax may be used to define a topology point by reference to an existing curve in the current panel
Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Point button.

The menu shown opposte will be
displayed:

Select Curve and click , the system
will prompt 'Indi cate curve'. Select a
curve.
The point form will be redisplayed for
further input.

MSide: The system will use the mould
plane of the selected panel to position the
point, optionally the point can be moved
to the non- mould face of the panel by
selecting the relevant side.

R3: Indicates a 3D point. If not given, the
resulting point will be projected onto the
surface or mould plane of the current
panel.

No: The points are numbered
automatically and the system will give the
first free number in the range 1-999.
When given by the user the number must
be in this interval and a point with that
number must not already exist.

DX, DY, DZ or DU, DV: Used to move the
calculated point parallel to the axes of the
selected co-ordinate system.

Offset in directi on 1: Defines a move in
the forward direction of the outer contour
from the given seam. The move will be
along the contour of the panel in which
the seam is indicated.

Offset in directi on 2: Defines a move in the backwards direction.
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6.2.8 Seam end

This sub syntax may be used to define a topology point by reference to an existing seam in the current panel
Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Point button.

The menu shown opposte will be displayed:

Select Seam end and click , the system
will prompt 'Indi cate seam'. Select a seam
and click YES if correct selection.
The point form will be redisplayed for further
input.

MSide: The system will use the mould plane
of the selected panel to position the point,
optionally the point can be moved to the
non- mould face of the panel by selecting
the relevant side.

R3: Indicates a 3D point. If not given, the
resulting point will be projected onto the
surface or mould plane of the current panel.

No: The points are numbered automatically
and the system will give the first free
number in the range 1-999. When given by
the user the number must be in this interval
and a point with that number must not
already exist.

DX, DY, DZ or DU, DV: Used to move the
calculated point parallel to the axes of the
selected co-ordinate system.

Offset in directi on 1: Defines a move in the
forward direction of the outer contour from
the given seam. The move will be along the
contour of the panel in which the seam is
indicated.

Offset in directi on 2: Defines a move in the backwards direction.





6.2.9 Input Scheme to display previously created points and curves.

When points or curves are created they are temporarily displayed whilst the panel is active, if the panel is
stored and skipped the points will no longer be displayed even when the panel is re-activated. It is possible
however to display these items by activating the panel and using Planar Hul l > Scheme > Edit, the scheme
file will be displayed, right click and select Statement / Run Al l , the panel will be activated and any
associated curves or points will be displayed. You can now continue with any of the modelling functions by
selecting Planar Hul l > Model > Create.



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Exercise 3

1. Open the drawing EXERCISE-01

2. Activate panel M111-DK1. Define a curve to create the contour for the hole shown below. Try each of
the curve options. Holes are covered later in this course.
















3. Store the panel, save the drawing .

4. _RSO_TB13 in a new isometric view, place the view outside the drawing
border.

5. Create a panel named M204-TB13_1 (PS&SB) use _RSO_TB13 as the panel location, when creating
the panel boundary use other panels where possible. Give all panels a plate statment.

Also create panels: (Shown below)
M204-TB13_2 (PS&SB) 400m deep web
M211-TB13_1 / M211-TB13_2 (PS) / M212-TB13_1 / M212-TB13_2 (SB)
















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6. Create a panel at 1200 off CL (PS&SB), use the two deck panels as boundary limits and FR113 / FR115
as line limits. Name it as M104-LP2_1

7. Using _RSO_TB13 as a location, create a panel between M104-LP2_1 (PS&SB).
Use section FRM 113 as the working view. Use the two deck panels and line 1220 off CL as boundary
limits. Name as M104-TB13_1

8. Modify the boundary limits for panel M104-LP2_1, use the panel M104-TB13_1 as the new limit.







63
CHAPTER 7
©Copyright 1994 to current year.
AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries.
7 Stiffeners

The AVEVA Marine stiffener definition is used to add profiles to existing AVEVA Marine planar panels.

A typical stiffener definition can be broken down into different stages;

The profile type is defined with start point, end point and mould line.
The connection code and endcut for each end is defined.
The general production information is defined.

7.1 Stiffener Model tab

Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Create and, if not already activated, activate the relevant panel. From the
resulting menu click the Sti ffener button.The following Model tab will be displayed:

The first task when creating a stiffener is
to select the profile Type and
Dimensi ons. Click and select the
profile type from the menu, the available
section sizes can be accessed from the
drop down menu (see below).















Side: The side of the panel the stiffener
should appear on.

Valid for: Different options will be
available depending on the symmetry of
the current panel.
If the panel is symmetrical you can select
the stiffener to appear on the Port and
Starboard panel, only the Port panel or
only the Starboard panel. If the panel is
Over/in C.L. the option to reflect the
stiffeners is available by selecting SBPS.

Qual ity: Material quality of the profile, if no quality is entered the project default will be used.

Material Side: The direction of the thickness of the stiffener (left hand side of modelled direction if not
defined).
Temporary: This check box means that the generated stiffener shall be temporary and that it will not be
seen in the model when the panel is applied and deactivated. Such stiffeners are auxiliary and will get the
numbers 901, 902, ..., unless otherwise stated.

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Incli nation: Is used to define the inclination of a stiffener. If left blank the stiffener will be placed
perpendicular to the plane of the panel. However if a value is entered an angle can
be specified:

E.g. INC=60

This would result in the stiffener running at 60 degrees to the plane of the panel.

There are also 3 predefined values for Inc. The values 1,2 and 3 will incline the stiffener until the web is
parallel to the X, Y and Z-axis respectively.

If a newly created stiffener is welded to an existing inclined
stiffener, the system will automatically compensate for this as
shown in the sketch below.

This automatic compensation for angles also applies as shown in
the sketch on the right.

In both cases a normal AVEVA Marine connection and endcut code
would be used and the system would automatically carry out the
adjustments to suit the angled connections.

Tag: Where internal tags e.g. reference to frame or LP positions have
not been added to a stiffener, the user may add a tag where desired
as an integer between 1-999.

No: Normally, stiffeners will be numbered automatically and get the first free stiffener number (1, 2, ... ).

Mould Line:


The next step is to define the mould
(trace) line. The available options when
doing this are shown below.

The material will always be applied to
the LEFT of the direction of the mould
line, when viewed in the default
AVEVA Marine views.


















By end poi nts:
The mould line of the stiffener will be determined from the end points supplied. Some examples of this
option are shown.

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Both end points given by explicit co-ordinates:




Scheme statement would read as
shown opposite. STI, etc



Both ends given as connections to intersecting profiles:





Scheme statement would read as shown opposite.
STI, etc






Combination of preceding examples:










Scheme statement would read as shown
opposite. STI, etc


One intersecting profile given and the mould line taken from this:






Scheme statement would read as shown
opposite. STI, etc




One point and an angle given:



Scheme statement would read as shown
opposite. STI, etc




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Al ong l ine: The mould line of the stiffener will be defined as an actual line. All the usual line definition
Dimensions given in the Moul d li ne box should be given as shown in the
following examples: Y=LP1, X=FR56(1)70, Y=1000(1000)5000.

Example 1:






Example 2:







Example 3:








Al ong curve: The mould line of the stiffener will be determined from a panel specific curve.

Pll li mi t: The mould line of the stiffener will be determined as parallel to one of the boundary limits.

By default the stiffener will have the same direction as the boundary limit selected, however the user does
have the option to reverse this direction.

In the example shown there are two
stiffeners, one is spaced 500mm from
the specified limit and the other placed
500mm from the first stiffener. It is also
possible to define a different value
between stiffeners than that specified
between the boundary limit and the first
stiffener.

If the limit selected is a curve, the system will ask if you
require a curved stiffener. If the selected limit is an
intersection with the hull then you must select Yes, as
the resultant stiffener(s) must be curved.

If the selected limit is a user-defined curve, consisting of
arcs and straight line segments, it is possible to create
straight or curved stiffener(s). If curved is selected the
system will offset the curve the desired distance and
generate a stiffener in the shape of the original curve.If a
straight stiffener is requested the system will offset the
longest straight section of the limit the desired distance
and generate a straight stiffener.




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Pll li mi t tangent: The mould line of the stiffener will be determined as parallel to the tangent of a boundary
limit at a give











Pll hole: The mould line of the stiffener will be determined as parallel to one of the segments making up a
previously defined hole.

Conn stiff: This is an AVEVA Marine shortcut for creating small connecting stiffeners very quickly.












Di stance: The distance can be set from the points or line that is originally selected
Number: The number of stiffeners that will be off set from the original selection
Parti tion: The distance between the additional stiffeners

Reverse Di rection: Alows the stiffener to be rotateded end for end.

Curved Sti ffener: This is available when selecting Pll Limit.

Type 4 Type 5: These are available when selecting Conn stiff.

End 1: List of options below (End 2 similar)

Out contour: The stiffener will end when its mould line intersects the boundary of the panel.

Prof on panel: The stiffener will end when its mould line intersects a specified stiffener on the same panel.

Int prof: The stiffener will end when its mould line connects with a specified intersecting profile on another
panel.

Point: The stiffener will end when its mould line meets with a specified point.

Surf:

Panel : The stiffener will end when its mould line intersects with a specified panel.

Bracket: The stiffener will end when its mould line intersects with a specified bracket.

Hol e: The stiffener will end when its mould line intersects with a specified hole in the current panel.

Li ne: The stiffener will end when its mould line intersects with a given line.
Note: When an element can be selected in the drawing the button will be activated, click this
button and select the element in the drawing.
Default Value:
PRO=10, 150, 12
CUT=1220, 100/ CUT=1302, 15
Default Value:
PRO=10, 200, 12
CUT=1220, 100/ CUT=1120
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7.2 Stiffener Properties Tab

Once the mould line is defined, by one of the previous methods, it is necessary to define the actual end
points of the stiffener. The options to do this appear on the Properties tab as shown below.

The following instructions are for End
1 and will be repeated for End 2 of
the stiffener. The menu will vary
slightly depending on which type of
mould line definition is used.
End1:
Conn: Connection code for End1.
This defines the gap, overlap or offset at
the connection with the adjacent element.
(Details of connection codes described in
the chapter 7.6).
Click and select the required code.

Named:
To be set by Hull Administrator

Cut: Defines the contour of the profile and
flange e.g. notches and tapers.
Details of end connections covered in
chapter 7.7). Click and select the
required code.

After selecting from the above endcut
menu the system will use the information
to fill in the Cut
and Par[ameters] for End 1.

Swi tch Ends: This will switch ends 1 and
2 around.
Sti ffener:
Col our: Define the display colour of the
profile from the drop down menu.

Case: Define the orientation of the profile:
Case =1 Turned 90 degrees clockwise (=flange against plate)
Case =2 Turned 180 degrees clockwise (=flange surface against plate).
Case =3 Turned 90 degrees counter-clockwise (=web surface welded against plate, e.g. for a U-bar.
Valid cases for orientation of different profile types are:
Type 20 Case 2
Type 30,31 Case 1, 2
Type 50 Case 1, 3
Type 51-55 Case 1
Type 74 Case 1.

Pos No: Position number of the profile. (P & S unless S.Pos. is defined).
There is an option to create a fictional stiffener, this will give only marking lines on the panel (No Stiffener
produced) This fictional stiffener is created by keying in -1 -2 -3 -4 or -5 in the Pos No box.

S. Pos.: If a unique position number should be assigned to the starboard profile.
Note: When an element can be selected in the drawing or graphical menu the button will be
activated, click this button and select the element in the drawing. Where a menu is available click
and select from the menu.
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7.3 Stiffener Production tab

Bevel:

This is used to define bevel information
for End 1 Web, End 1 Fl ange and End 2
Web, End 2 Fl ange and the Trace line of
the stiffener where it is welded to the
panel.

Excess Definiti on: Is used to define
excess material for End 1, & End 2. of the
stiffener. +ve to add material, -ve to
remove material.

General Purpose:
Additional information can be added to
assist with the modelling process.
(Use setting SBH_AN_POSNO)

Destination: Destination locations as set
by the Hull Manager.

Surf Treatment: Surface Treatments as
set by the Hull Manager.

Gri nding: A number defining the grinding
operation. (If grinding is set).

Weld: Weld size (throat thickness).

No Marki ng: If ticked, stiffener traces will
not be marked on plate parts.

Shri nkage: Yes/No toggle (whether
shrinkage should be applied or not).


7.4 Stiffener Additional Tab

Functi onal: Functional description.

Comment: An arbitrary comment string.

KNH: Knuckle height, End1 in left hand box, End2 in right
hand box.

KNL: Knuckle length, End1 in left hand box, End2 in right
hand box.

Incli nation: Inclination of stiffener.

FRP: FRP is only relevant for Fibre Reinforced Plastics
and is not covered in this course.






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7.5 Stiffener General Strings tab

Used to define text strings to be associated with the
stiffener.

Key in the required texts.
















7.6 Stiffener Connection Codes

Although the extent of the mould line has already been defined, the ends have to be finalised by the use of
an AVEVA Marine connection code. This code is used to define if the connection is welded hard in, lapped
or stopped short. As well as the three basic connection options, there are multiple options within each one
i.e. stopped 50mm short, stopped 100mm short, etc.

These connection codes are in accordance with the AVEVA Marine standard connection codes shown in the
following sketches.

Please refer to the AVEVA Marine Documentation; Hull Detailed Design; Setup and Customisation;
Profiles in AVEVA Marine; Connection Code Definition; Connection Control file; Layout of the
Connection File for the latest list of available connection codes

























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7.7 Stiffener Endcut Codes

The endcut code is used to define the appearance of each end of the stiffener. Any notches, chamfers, etc
are defined via this code. A small example from the comprehensive range of endcut codes is shown below.

For a full list of all available endcut codes please refer to the AVEVA Marine Documentation; Hull
Detailed Design; Setup and Customisation; Profiles in AVEVA Marine; Endcut Standards; Survey of
Endcut Types.
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7.8 Worked examples of stiffener definition

7.8.1 Stiffener - Along a line from outer contour to outer contour:

Example:
Create a stiffener, along deck panel 15300 AB at LP5. The scantling of the stiffener should be 260*12 OBP
and the thickness should be inboard. The stiffener should stop at the panel end and the ends should be
square.

Start the function Planar Hull > Model > Create, (activate the panel if necessary). Select the Stiff ener
option. The following Model tab will be displayed:

Click , the following menu will appear:









Select profile Type 20 260*12

Side: Select BOT

From the Mould line section select Al ong li ne

Select Y.

End1 and End2: Out Contour

Key in Y=LP5

Select the Proprties tab to display the following
menu:




From the Conn dropdown list select code (15) Gap 0

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Click to display the cut selection menu as shown:





Select cut 2100

Repeat for End2.

Where the properties of End1 will be repeated at
End2 may be selected from the menu
options.

OK will return to the main menu.









Click Create, the original Stiffener menu will remain on the screen and the system will draw the resulting
stiffener in all relevant views.

7.8.2 Stiffener - Intersecting profile to intersecting profile:

Intenti on: Create stiffeners on a floor panelat FRM113, from shell profiles at LP2 to LP3 to the tanktop
stiffeners. The scantling of the stiffener should be 150*10 FB and the mould line of the stiffener should
match the shell and tank top longitudinals. The stiffeners should be on the AFT side of the floor plate, and
should be welded tight at each end with a 35mm notch.

Start the function Planar Hull > Model > Create, (activate the panel if necessary).
Select the Stiffener option.

The following Model tab will be displayed:
Click , the following menu will appear:










Select profile 10,150*12, select OK.
This will return to the Model tab.

Side: Select AFT

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From the Mould line section select By end Poi nts


End1 and End2 select Int prof.
Click at End1, t he system will prompt ,
select the shell profiles on the port side working from
centre to outboard. Click the OC button.

The Model menu will be redisplayed:
Click at End2, t he system will prompt ,
select the tank top profiles on the port side working from
centre to outboard. Click the OC button, the Model menu
will be redisplayed, the end positions will also be
displayed at the bottom of the form.



Select the Properties tab to display the following menu:

From the Connection scrollable list select code
(004) Abutti ng wi th offset 0

Click to display the Cut selection menu as
shown:


















Select cut 1110


Repeat for End2.

Same as End1 May be used to copy the details already defined for End1

Select OK the Stiffener menu will be redisplayed,

Click Create, the Stiffener menu will remain on the screen and the system will draw the resulting stiffener in
all relevant views.






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7.9 Modification of existing stiffeners

7.9.1 Modifying defined stiffeners

If after defining a stiffener it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the
following functions:

From the statement wizard select the Modi fy tab and pick the stiffener from the drawing, it becomes
availaible in the statement wizard to edit details.

Planar Hull > Model > Modi fy. The
system will prompt . Click once on the stiffener or group to be modified. The system
will highlight the stiffener or group and prompt OK?
Click Yes to modify the stiffener, No to deactivate the stiffener or group.

If Yes is clicked the system will display the original form used to create the stiffener.
Edit the information as required and click Update. The system will now update the stiffener information.

Also as an alternative Planar Hul l > Model > Edit can be used to display the stiffener information. Edit the
text as required and press the right hand mouse button, select Statement > Run This.

Click Fi ni sh and Appl y and Deacti vate when finished.

7.9.2 Dividing an existing Group of Stiffeners:

When creating stiffeners it is common to define multiple stiffeners in one operation. If multiple stiffeners are
defined they are refe

Exampl e:
All the stiffeners shown opposite were
created in one function, therefore they all
belong to one group.

Alternatively they could be broken into four
smaller groups or indeed all defined
individually.
All of the stiffeners belonging to a
Group must be identical, i.e. same
type of mould line definition, same
scantling, same connection codes,
same endcuts, etc, etc.


This grouping of stiffeners is quite acceptable as long as all the stiffeners remain identical. However during
the development of the ships design it may become necessary to change some of the stiffeners in the group.
This change may come about due to openings being added to the panel, or scantling changes in way of high
stress areas, etc.

This modification is not possible while all the stiffeners belong to the same Group. Therefore it is necessary
to split the group into smaller groups or in some cases individual stiffeners.
If we use the previous example and assume that the scantling is going to change for the stiffeners on
LP14()16, but remain the same for all other stiffeners in the group. To divide LP14()16 from the original
group carry out the following steps:
Use the function Planar Hul l > Model > Divide.
If no panel is active the system will prompt . Indicate the relevant panel and click OC.
The system will prompt .
Click once on one of the stiffeners belonging to the group to be divided.

The system will display a rectangle containing all the stiffeners in the group and prompt
component to extract .
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For this example click on the stiffeners at LP14, LP15 and LP16. The system will highlight each stiffener as it
is selected. After selecting the stiffeners, use the OC button to end the function.
The system will now remove the three selected stiffeners from the original group and create a new group
containing only them. It is now possible to use the Pl anar Hul l > Model > Modi fy function or use
Planar Hul l > Model > Edit to modify the scantlings of the stiffeners at LP14, LP15 and LP16.

7.9.3 Splitting an existing stiffener into two separate profiles

Another common occurrence after creating stiffeners on a panel is for a hatch or door opening to be added
in way of the stiffener. This usually requires the stiffener(s) to be split in to two separate profiles, one either
side of the hole.

Example:




As can be seen in the above example the stiffeners originally ran right across the deck panel, from outer
contour to outer contour. However a hatch opening has been added and it is now necessary to split the
stiffeners in way of the hatch. To do this carry out the following steps:
Use the function Planar Hul l > Model > Spli t STI.
If no panel is active the system will prompt . Indicate the relevant panel and click OC.
The system will prompt .
Indicate one of the stiffeners that need to be split around the hole.
When a stiffener is selected the system will automatically highlight every stiffener in that group, and any
subsequent splitt
to toggle between group selection and individual stiffener selection, or alternatively the Planar
Hul l >Model >Di vide option may be used before splitting to ensure no stiffeners to be split are grouped
with stiffeners not to be split.
The system will display the following options:

If you wish to split the stiffeners around a given line then
choose the relevant line definition and supply the relevant
information. The alternative is to use the Options button to
allow an existing component to be used to define the split in the
stiffener. For this particular example click the Options button.

The system will prompt , click once on
the hole.

The system will highlight the selected component and prompt
OK?

If the desired component has been highlighted use the Yes
button.

The system will now split the stiffeners as shown below:




It should be noted that a default connection and endcut code will be added to the split ends o f the
stiffeners. These may not suit user requirements and should be checked and modified to suit.







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7.9.4 Modifying the stiffener end point

After modelling, it may be necessary to move the end points of the stiffeners.
To do this select Planar Hull > Model > Modi fy STI end
Activate the panel, select the stiffener or group of stiffeners to modify at the end to be changed (use divide
as mentioned earlier to separate groups of stiffeners where necessary).
The system will prompt , select a component in the drawing or click , the following
menu will be displayed:

Select a line to define the end position of the stiffener (e.g. stiffeners
running in the Y direction would terminate on a line in the X). The
following form will be displayed.
Key in the end position of the stiffener (FR & LP positions are valid).

The next screen asks for confirmation that this is the correct
position, select Yes, the modification will be completed. (If No is
selected you will return to the Previous menu

If you wish to terminate a stiffener on a component e.g. a hole or
another stiffener, selecting the Options button on the Li ne menu form and you will be prompted to select a
component. The next screen asks for confirmation that this is the correct position, select Yes, the
modification will be completed. Note: The component must intersect all the stiffeners in the group, if it does
not, those which are not intersected will be deleted.

7.9.5 General Modification of Components

Right clicking on a panel component will display a menu allowing the modification of the selected component
(Singl e) or the Group of components that the selected component belongs to. Examples below shown for
stiffener and seam (also applicable to other panel components e.g. holes, notches etc.). The panel will be
automatically activated and the input form displayed ready for modification. If Single was selected and the
component was part of a group, it will now be separated from that group and the modifications will be
applied to the selected component only.

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Exercise 4

1. Use the drawing EXERCISE-01 Add 150*10 type 10 stiffeners to panel M204-TB13_1 at LP5 to 11 and
LP-5 to LP-11, the stiffeners should run from intersecting profile (int prof) to intersecting profile (int prof).
004 connection and 1110 endcut code.

2. Add 150*10 type 10 stiffeners to M211-TB13_1 and M212-TB13_1 at LP13,14 and LP-13,-14.
The stiffeners should run from outer contour with 40 gap and 1302 endcut to intersecting profile 0 gap
and 1110 endcut code

3. Add 260*10 type 20 stiffeners to M211-TB13_2 and M212-TB13_2 at LP13, 14, 15 and LP-13,-14, -15.
Consider which connection and end cut should be used.




4. Split the stiffeners on M104-DK1 / M111-DK1 / M112-DK1 where the plate seams are positioned. Divide
the groups of stiffeners where nesesary.



































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CHAPTER 8
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8 Flanges

There are two different types of flange supported in the AVEVA Marine system.
Welded fl ange: More commonly known as a face plate or face flat. This type of flange involves welding a

Folded flange: This type of flange is usually applied to a bracket or similar type structure. It can only be
applied to a stra It is not possible to add a folded flange to a curved limit.

8.1 Welded flanges

Both ends of the welded flange can be defined in many ways.

The welded flange can be either symmetrical or unsymmetrical.

When defining the flange the field; Hang defines the symmetry of the flange relative to the mould plane of
w d -
ordinate system.






Hang =10 Hang =150 Hang =15

Bevel can be defined for either end of the flange. End 1 before the / and End 2 after the /.
Excess can be defined for either end of the flange. End 1 before the / and End 2 after the /.
A welded flange can be either straight or curved.

8.1.1 Straight welded flanges:

aight parts, the system
will place the flange on the longest part.





If a different part of the boundary
is required a line can be used to select it. (See below).








The welded flange can be defined as running
the whole length of a limit, but free space can
be defined at the ends by the use of the profile
connection codes. (See below).




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However, the welded flange does not have to run the whole length of a limit, it can be restricted by a co-
ordinate line.









The welded flange can be attached to other profiles or flanges:











8.1.2 Curved welded flanges

It is also possible to generate a symmetrical or unsymmetrical welded flange along a curved boundary. The
same options apply to defining the ends as for a straight flange.














To generate a curved welded flange inside a hole, simply select the hole contour instead of a boundary limit.




















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8.1.3 Defining a welded flange

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Fl ange option. The menu shown below will appear:

8.1.3.1 Flange Model tab

Type:Select and the following menu is
displayed:
Select the profile type to be used for the
flange.



Valid for: This field is only activated if the
current panel is valid for Port and Starboard.
Therefore you can select if the flange should
appear on the Port and Starboard panel, only
the Port panel or only the Starboard panel.



Incli nation: Inclination of flange, (default =perpendicular to the edge to which it is attached).

No: Normally, flanges will be numbered automatically and get the first free flange number.

Next No: The next available number.

Qual ity: Flange profile quality. The project default will be used if not selected.

Fl ange t ype: Options: Strai ght al ong li mit , Curved al ong l imi t, and In hol e.

Fl ange: Click , the system will prompt . Select the limit or hole to add
the flange to.

If the limit only has one straight portion use the OC button, otherwise define a line to intersect the desired
straight part of the limit by clicking , the system will prompt
, indicate a line that passes through the part of the limit you wish to attach the flange to.

1st End: Position where the flange should start, if left empty will start at the start of the limit.

2nd End: Position where the flange should end, if left empty will end at the end of the limit.




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8.1.3.2 Flange Properties tab


End1:
Same as: Select an existing connection/endcut in the
drawing.

Click , alongside Conn, this results in the system
displaying a list of available connection codes for the
current project:

Named To be set by Hull Administrator

Click, alongside Cut ,
this results in the system
displaying a list of
available endcuts for the
current profile, see
opposite:

After selecting from the
endcut menu the system
will use the information to
fill in the Cut and Cut
par[ameters] for End1.


End2: As End1, option to click Same as End1 to
copy data to End2

Col our: Define the display colour of the flange from the drop down menu.

Hang: Used to define an offset if the flange is to be unsymmetrical.

Pos. No: Position number of the flange. (P & S unless S.Pos. is defined).

S. Pos.: If a unique position number should be assigned to the starboard flange.







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8.1.3.3 Flange Production tab

Bevel: This is used to define bevel information for
End1 & End2 of the flange.

Excess: Is used to define excess material for End1 &
End2 of the flange.

General Purpose: General purpose strings, 1,2,3 & 4

Destination: Destination locations as set by the Hull
Manager.

Surf Treatment: Surface Treatments as set by the
Hull Manager.

Shri nkage: Yes/No toggle (whether shrinkage should
be applied or not).

Gri nding: A number defining the grinding operation.
(If grinding is set).

Weld: Weld size (throat thickness).








8.1.3.4 Flange Additional tab

Functi onal Desccription: Description string.

Comment: An arbitrary comment string.

FRP Laminate: FRP is only relevant for Fibre
Reinforced Plastics and is not covered in this course.









8.1.3.5 Flange General Strings tab

General String: Additional general purpose strings.

8.1.4 Modifying a welded flange

If after defining a welded flange it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the
following functions:
1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.
2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modify. The system will prompt .
Select the flange in the drawing, the form used to create the flange will be displayed.
Modify the contents then click Update.
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8.2 Folded flanges

A folded flange may follow the whole length of a straight limit.

If a limit is made up of several straight parts the system will automatically place
the flange on the longest straight part (shown opposite) unless an intersecting
line specifies another part should be used (shown below).


The folded flange does not have
to run along the whole length of
a limit. A specific end point can
be given for one or both of the
ends. (See sketch opposite and
below).



The height of the folded flange has to be specified by the
user. The user can define the end cut angles of the folded
flanges, if not defined the default is 30 degrees.

Please see the AVEVA Marine documentation for details of how to define knuckle radii and
compensation for bending.

8.2.1 Defining a folded flange

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the
function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Fl ange option and click the Fol ded Radio
button. The menu shown opposite will appear:

Fl ange t ype: The code for the type of flange to be
added to the edge of the panel. (As defined in the file
assigned to variable SBH_FLANGE_CTRL set by Hull
Administrator).

Hei ght: The height of the folded part of the flange.

This is not the exact dimension of the resultant
flange. The value is entered into an equation
along with other default user-defined values.
These values allow for bending compensation
and other manufacturing allowances.Therefore
the flange depth will vary according to these
user-defined defaults.


Side: The direction of the folded flange.







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Fl ange: Click , the system will prompt . Select the limit to add the flange to.
If the limit only has one straight portion use the OC button, otherwise define a line to intersect the desired
straight part of the limit by clicking , the system will prompt
, indicate a line that passes through the part of the limit you wish to attach the flange to.

End 1: Position where the flange should start, if left empty will start at the start of the limit.

End 2: Position where the flange should end, if left empty will end at the end of the limit.


End1: End: Select an end type for End1. Angle: Define the fold angle at End1

End2: Si mi lar to End1.

Functi onal: Functional description.

Comment: Comment to be added to the scheme file.

After making these interactive choices click Create, the system will generate the flange and display it in all
relevant views in the current drawing.

8.2.2 Deleting a folded flange

If after defining a folded flange, if it becomes necessary to delete it, click Planar Hul l > Model > Del ete, the
message line will prompt panel , select the panel, the message line will prompt
, select the flange. Click Yes to confirm component to be deleted. Select Panar Hul l > Scheme >
Edit and re-run the boundary statement.

8.2.3 Modifying a folded flange

If after defining a folded flange, if it becomes necessary to modify any of the properties, click Planar Hul l >
Model > Modi fy, select the flange, the form used to create the flange will be displayed, modify any of the
settings then click Update, the flange will be modified.
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Exercise 5

1. Use the drawing EXERCISE-01. Create 400 deep transverse web at FR 113, under the 3600 AB deck.
Use _RSO_TB13 as the location. Name as M204-TB13_3 Add 12mm plate.

2. Using panel M204-TB13_3 add a welded flange to the bottom limit, use 150*10 type 10










3. Edit panel M204-TB13_2 and create a welded flange on the bottom limit. Use connection gap 40 and
end cut 1402 on the outboard end of the flange.

4. Panel M204-FR113_2 now needs to be modified to suit the panel above. Modify the fillet curve and
adjust the Z mesurment to: 3170. Change the boundary statement to suit the new arrangement.























5. Using the curve alone limit option, add a flange to panel M204-FR113_2. Use connection gap 40 and
end cut 1402 on both ends of the flange.



















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9 Notches, Cutouts, Holes & Doubling plates

9.1 Notches

An AVEVA Marine
contour. The only exception to this rule is when the area to be removed is around an intersecting profile,
then it is a cutout, which we will cover later.

The shape of a notch can be defined in two ways:

1. Selected from the range of AVEVA Marine standard notches.
2. Defined by a panel specific curve. (Only applicable for notches in plates, not in stiffeners)

9.1.1 AVEVA Marine standard notches:

There are two types of AVEVA Marine standard notch, those to be placed along a panel limit, and those to
be placed at the corner of two boundaries. Some may be valid for both corners and along a limit. Where
notches are required at the end of a profile these are handled as End cuts.
9.1.1.1 Corner Notches

Example of a corner notch for use in plates only.



If the notch selected is
symmetrical then only the
corner number is required.

If the notch selected is
asymmetrical, the limit along
which it falls must also be
given.



Corner notches are not applicable to stiffeners as the Endcut selection handles any corner notch
requirement.
9.1.1.2 Limit Notches

Example of a limit notch for use in plates & stiffeners.














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A limit notch can be defined at intersecting seams, or using co-ordinates (FR and LP positions are valid).

Example in way of a shell seam:





Example in way of seam on another panel: Example of co-ordinate defined positions:














9.1.1.3 Limit notches in stiffeners

Notches in stiffeners are handled in a similar way to notches in plates. Notches may be set at an intersection
with a given line or at a given distance from the end point of the stiffener. If a distance from the end of the
stiffener is specified, a positive value will be measured from End 1 of the stiffener and a negative value will
be measured from End 2 of the stiffener.

9.1.2 Notches defined by panel specific curves

If the particular notch required is not available in the AVEVA Marine Hull Standards then it is possible to
define the required shape with a panel specific curve. The curve should be created as described in the
previous panel specific curve chapter.


boundary. Stopping the desired notch
outer contour.

After creating the desired curve it is then a simple case of informing the system that the curve should be
handled as a notch.

Notches defined by a curve statement can only be added to plates. They cannot be applied to stiffeners
on the panel, as the co-ordinate system of the panel is perpendicular to the co-ordinate system of the
stiffener.













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9.1.3 Defining a notch

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Notch option. The following menu
will appear:

Check the radio button Not ch in plate or
Notch i n Sti ffener, depending on which type of
element the notches are to be added to.

Select from the radio buttons where the notch
location is. E.g. At corner.
Click At corner radio button then click to
select the notch positions from the panel.
Standard notch desi gnati on: Click to
display the following menu:

















Notch name (arbi trary notch): The name of a panel specific
curve used to define the notch, select the curve geometry in the drawing and the name will be automatically
populated.

Valid for The symmetry of the notches can be, PS and SB, PS or SB..

Comment A text string to be added to the scheme file.

Mi rror is only valid for arbitrary notches and will reflect the notch geometry about the V axis when checked.

Fi ctici ous When the box is checked, the notch will be treated as a marking contour only.

Al ong l imi t (location edge): Click and indicate the desired limit.

Int. l ines: Intersecting lines defing the position of the notches, usually keyed in e.g. X=FR65.5(2)71.5

Incl inati on: Options: Perpendi cul ar to li mit or Al ong Li ne.
For seam (location edge): Click and
indicate the seam(s) on the adjacent panel where
the notch should be added. If a starboard shell
seam is selected it will be necessary to check the
Reflected box. The Panel/surface and Seam(s)
selected input boxes should be automatically
populated after selecting the seams, click OC to return to the notch menu.
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At corner (l ocati on corner): Click and indicate the corner(s) on the active panel where the notch
should be added. The system will automatically
populate the Number of corner(s) sel ected box.after
selecting the corners, click OC to return to the notch
menu

If a non-symmetric notch is placed at a corner, the
direction of the notch may be defined by clicking
, and indicating in the view the direction of the U-axi s.

When the type of notch and and location etc. has been defined click Create, the notches will be displayed in
the drawing.

9.1.4 Modifying a notch

If after defining a notch it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the following
functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.
2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. The system will prompt .
3. Indicate the notch to be modified. (If the notch has been created within a group, Pl anar Hul l > Model >
Di vide may be used to separate the notches to be modified).
If the notch is being indicated in a traditional hull slice view, ensure that the Draw panel as: field is set
to Defined otherwise the indication will fail.

4. The system will highlight the indicated notch and prompt OK? If the highlighted notch is the correct one
then click Yes.
5. The system will now redisplay the menu used to define the notch originally. Edit the values as
necessary and then use the Update button to resubmit the information. The system will now regenerate
the notch with the new information.

9.2 Cutouts

An AVEVA Marine cutout is an area of material to be removed from a plate or stiffener to allow an
intersecting profile or panel to pass through it. As well as defining the material to be removed, the statement
can also define any clips to be added in way of the cutout.



Example without clips: Example with clips:





9.2.1 AVEVA Marine standard cutouts

A wide range of standard cutouts are available. The system simply requires a standard cutout code and an
indication of the intersecting profile.

It should be noted that if the scantlings of an intersecting profile were modified, the cutout would adjust to
suit the new scantling size. Also, if the location of the intersecting profile is changed, the cutout will relocate
when the panel is regenerated.

For a full list of available CUTOUT types please see the AVEVA Marine Documentation; Hull Detailed
Design; Hull Standards. An extract from the Standards is shown below:

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9.2.2 AVEVA Marine standard clips

The addition of clips, to the previously defined cutout statement, is achieved by
the inclusion of a valid 3-digit clip code.

If we assume the three digits are represented by X, Y and Z

X Valid for clip on mould line of profile

Y Valid for clip on non-mould line of profile

Z Valid for clip on the top of the profile

As well as defining the position of the clips, the number allocated to X, Y and Z also specifies the type of clip
to be fitted in accordance with the standards shown below. If clips are to be omitted at any position this
must be indicated by a 0 (zero)



































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9.2.3 Defining cutouts in plates

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Cutout option. The following menu will appear:

Cutout Data:
If no stiffeners exist on the current panel the
Cutout in sti ffener option will be greyed out.

Check the box Cutout in pl ate.

Intersecti ng profi le ref: Click to select the
profiles in the drawing where cutouts should be
placed. When finished click OC.

Cutout Type: Click to select the cutout type
from the menu shown below


















If a cutout is added to a panel created as PS & STB there is an additional option,Valid: E.g As panel.

The cutouts displayed will depend upon the profiles selected.


Certain cutout types have one sloping edge, the slope of




Wi dth: Dimension as shown opposite:
Bevel Data:
Code: Bevel code to be used.
Click to view available codes for selection. Shown opposite:

Gri nding: A number defining the grinding operation. (If grinding is set).
Comment: Comment added to the CUT statement in the scheme file.
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Cl ip-Weld:
Not covered in this course.

Cl ip Data:

Standard cli p: Clip from the inbuilt standards to be used
when checked.

Code: 3 digit code describing the positions and types of
clips to be used.

Side: The side of the panel the clips should be fitted.
Di m CL1, Dim CL2, & Di m CL3: The dimensions of the
CLIPS, i.e. thickness, length and breadth, are Calculated
automatically in accordance with Standard Rules.
However if necessary, these calculated dimensions can
be superseded by user input. CL1 represents the
dimensions of the first clip in the code, CL2 represents the
second and CL3 represents the third. If these fields are
left blank the standard dimensions will be used. The user
may use any of the following input combinations to modify
the relevant clip:
3 numbers separated by commas:
<Breadth>, <Length>, <Thi ckness>
2 numbers separated by
commas:<Length>,<Thickness>
1 number:<Thickness>

Thi ck: Plate thickness range, one value to be defined in
each box.
Qual : Material quality.

Surf: Surface to which clip is attached.

Dest: Destination location.

Excess: Additional material.

Col : Define the display colour of the clip from the drop
down menu.

Functi onal: Functional description.

User defi ned cl i p: Clip defined from a user macro, to
be used when checked. A Macro clip needs to be
available to use in this instance. (E.g macro name 1)

Side: The side of the panel the clips should be fitted.

Cl ip1: Is given the name of the macro file (1)
Cl ip2: Is given the name of the macro file (1)
Cl ip3: Is left blank on this example

Thi ck: Plate thickness range, one value to be defined
in each box.

General Stri ngs: General purpose strings.





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For Automatic to work a file must be
assigned to SBH_CUTOUT_CTRL.. The
contents and creation of this file will be
covered with the AVEVA Marine Hull System
Manager.

Automatic cutout options shown below:

















If selecting multiple profiles to add cutouts to, they must all belong to the same panel, or they must all
be shell profiles. The system tries to use multiple reference terms when defining the cutout and any
mixture of profiles from different external panels or shell longitudinals cannot be handled. Also note that
positive and negative LP references cannot be mixed in the same definition. Therefore it may be
necessary to create several separate cutout definitions in one panel.
After completing the menu as required click the Create button. The resulting cutouts will be displayed on the
screen and you will return to the Cutout menu.

9.2.4 Defining cutouts in stiffeners

At the present time it is not possible to add clips to cutouts
in stiffeners, only the cutout itself is handled.

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar
Hul l > Model > Creat e.

Select the Cutout option. The following menu will appear:

Check the box Cutout in sti ffener:

Intersecti ng profi les: Click the system will prompt
. Select the profiles in the
drawing which will penetrate the main stiffener. When finished
click OC.

Cutout Type: Click to select the cutout type from the menu.
Intersected profil es: Click then select the stiffeners that
the cutout should appear in. OC.

After completing the menu as required click the Create button.
The resulting cutouts will be displayed in profile view and the
Cutout menu will return.
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9.2.5 Modifying cutouts

If after defining a cutout it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the following
functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.

2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. The system will prompt .

3. Indicate the cutout on the screen. (If the cutout has been created within a group, Planar Hul l > Model >
Di vide may be used to separate the cutouts to be modified, right-click option also available for modifying
a single cutout from a group).

4. The system will highlight the indicated cutout and prompt OK? If the highlighted cutout is the correct
one then click Yes.

5. The system will display the dialogue box used to create the cutout. Edit this to suit and click Update.

9.3 Holes

An AVEVA Marine hole is an area of material, to be removed from a panel or stiffener that has no
intersection with the outer contour of the panel or stiffener.

The shape of the hole can be defined in two ways:

1. Selected from the range of AVEVA Marine standard holes.
2. Defined by a panel specific curve. (Only applicable for holes in plates, not in stiffeners)

9.3.1 AVEVA Marine standard holes:

A wide range of holes are readily available in AVEVA Marine, some examples of these are shown below:








For a full list of available AVEVA Marine Standard Holes please refer to the AVEVA Marine
Documentation; Hull Detailed Design; Set-up and Customisation; Holes and Notches; Hole Standards
in AVEVA Marine; Details about Standard Hole Types.

9.3.2 Standard holes in plates

When defining a hole in a plate, the position of the hole may be defined by a specific point or by selecting a
limit and defining a position along and displacement from it.
9.3.2.1 Positioning Holes by centre point

As well as defining the centre of the hole it may be necessary to provide an inclination angle depending on
the type of hole chosen.
Example:
Hole type D will only require a centre point as no matter how it is inclined about this point the result will
always be the same.
Hole type HO will require a point and an inclination angle to specify the position of the hole and the direction
in which the long axis of the hole should run.
When defining the centre point and angle the system will accept keyed in co-ordinates or indications on the
screen which it will translate to co-ordinate values.
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9.3.2.2 Positioning Holes along a limit

As shown opposite holes can be positioned relative to a panel
limit.

Firstly click the hole in pl ate radio button.

Definiti on:



Designati on: Click to view the menu of hole
types.

Valid for: Side of ship that the hole is valid for.

Type: Centre, Along l imi t or As stored.

Incl inati on:
Al ong l ine: Hole will be orientated around the line
used to create an intersection with the limit.
Al ong l imi t: Hole will be orientated parallel to the
tangent of the limit at point of intersection.

Examples of Inclination and Distance are shown
below:












Angl e: Hole will be orientated in addition to selected inclination.

Di stance is gi ven:
Perpendi cul ar to li mit: Distance is measured in a line
perpendicular to the limit tangent at point of intersection.
Al ong l ine: Distance is measured along the line used to create an
intersection with the limit.

Di stance: The distance that the hole shall be displaced from the
limit. (M1 in sketch opposite).

Li mit No: The number of the limit where the holes shall be spaced
along. Click and indicate the limit in the drawing.
Li ne: The coordinates where the holes shall be positioned e.g. X=FR48.5(2)54.5, alternatively click
and indicate the positions in the drawing. When placing a hole using Type Centre, line option UVT allows a
position and angle to be defined.

Pil lar: Penetrating pillar where a hole should be cut.
Spigot: Optional
Name: The name of the spigot.
Pos no: The position number.
Mark si de: The side of the plate the spigot should be marked on.
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Production Data:

Col our: Define the display colour of the hole from the
drop down menu.
Bevel: Key a valid bevel code, the bevel will be
applied to the complete contour of the hole.

Gri nding: A number defining the grinding operation.
(If grinding is set).

Comment: An arbitrary comment string.

Lami nate: For FRP only.

Crossmarki ng:
If checked a cross will mark the centre of the hole.

Fi ctici ous: When set to Y will be treated as a
marking contour only.

GPS1, GPS2, GPS3, GPS4: General purpose
strings.








Hooks and Bri dges:

System defaults of 25mm hook radius and 25mm
bridge width / hook gap are defined when no
settings are made and the relevant box checked.
E.g. Hook or Bri dge. The Hull administrator may
define values to override these system defaults.
The user defines if the system should Generated
hooks on seam or Generate bri dge on seam, a
line may be indicated by clicking , user defined
Wi dth / Gap and hook Radi us can be defined by
keying in new values.
Click Create when finished.



Hook example:
Gap =150
Radi us =25







Bri dge example:
Wi dth =150
Radi us =25



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9.3.3 Holes defined by a panel specific curve

If the particular hole required is not available in the AVEVA Marine Hull Standards then it is possible to
define the required shape with a panel specific curve. The curve should be created as described in Chapter
6.
After creating the desired panel specific curve it is just a case of informing the system that the curve should
be handled as a hole. Select Designati on: Curve, see opposite:
Holes defined by a panel specific curve can only be added to
plates. They cannot be applied to stiffeners on the panel, as the
co-ordinate system of the panel is perpendicular to the co-
ordinate system of the stiffener.

Click , and select the curve in the drawing. The curve name will
automatically be added to the form (see below).
Select Type: As stored, click Create.














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Hol e i n stiffener:

Click the hole in stiffener radio button, the menu
shown below will be displayed:

Designati on: Click to view the menu of hole
types.

Type: Measured from a l ine or stiffener end.

Li ne: Click and indicate the positions in the
drawing or set the axis and key in the Li ne params
box below.

Li ne params: The coordinates where the holes shall
be positioned e.g. X=FR48.5(2)54.5,

Distance: The distance from the profile end when
type stiffener end is selected.

Offset: The measurement from the profile trace to the
hole centre.

Incl inati on: Inclination angle of the hole

Comment: An arbitrary comment string.

Sti ffener: The profile the holes should be placed in, click to select the profile in the drawing.

9.3.4 Worked examples of hole definitions

9.3.4.1 Defining a standard hole in a plate using centre point and an angle

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function
Planar Hul l > Model > Create.
Select the Hol e option. The following menu will appear:
Click the radio button hole in pl ate then click at the
Desi gnati on line, the following menu will appear:







Select the relevant hole type from the Hull Standard Selection.

The Standard parameters can be selected from the scrollable list or
may be edited to user defined dimensions, when complete select
OK.

Type: select Centre, the system will only display Li ne options
applicable to the plane of the current panel.




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Select UVT.

Key in the coordinates and angle as
shown. may be used to indicate a
centre position and then a direction.

Click Create when finished.

All Poi nt options are available to allow accurate indications to be made.

The system will draw the resulting hole and re-display the Hol e menu.
9.3.4.2 Defining a standard hole in a plate along a limit

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function
Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Hol e option. The following menu will appear:

Check the box hole i n pl ate then click at the
Designati on line, the following menu will appear:

















Select the relevant hole type from the Hull Standard
Selection.

The Standard parameters can be selected from the scrollable list or may be edited to user defined
dimensions, when complete select OK.

Type, select Al ong l i mi t
Incl inati on, select Al ong l i ne
Di stance is gi ven, select Perpendi cul ar to l imi t
Di stance, key in a value from the selected limit to the centre of the hole.
Li mit Nr, use to select the limit interactively.
Li ne, select Y. Key in the coordinates as shown, or click and indicate the positions in the drawing.

Click the Create button. The system will display the resulting holes graphically and return to the Hol e menu.





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9.3.4.3 Defining standard holes in a stiffener

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function
Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Hol e option. The following menu will appear:

Check the box hole i n stiffener then click at the
Designati on line, the following menu will appear:

















Select the relevant hole type from the Hull Standard
Selection.

The Standard parameters will be given default values that
may be edited, when complete select OK.

Type, select from li ne
Li ne, select X.
Li ne params, The coordinates where the holes shall be
positioned e.g. X=FR20.5(2)26.5.
Offset, key in a value from the profile trace to the centre
of the hole.
Sti ffener, click and the select the stiffeners to place
the resulting holes in.

Click the Create button. The system will display the
resulting holes graphically in a stiffener view and return to
the Hol e menu.





Alternatively use the from st i ffener end option as shown
opposite:

Key in the desired Di stance from the selected stiffener
end, the Offset from the trace line. An Incl inati on angle
and Comment may be added if required. Click Create.

The system will generate the holes in the stiffener and return to the Hol e menu. The holes are only visable
once the panel has been stored, Appl y and Deacti vat e


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9.3.4.4 Modifying a hole

If after defining a hole it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the following
functions:
1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.

2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. The system will prompt .

3. Select the hole in the drawing (or click the Options button and the system will display a menu containing
a button for each type of information that can be defined, e.g if a flange has been created at the hole the
wrong element type may be selected). Click the HOLE button and indicate the hole on the screen. (If the
hole has been created within a group, Planar Hul l > Model > Di vi de may be used to separate the holes
to be modified).

4. The system will highlight the indicated hole and prompt OK? If the highlighted hole is the correct one
then click Yes.

The system will display the dialogue box originally used to create the hole. Edit this to suit and click Update.

Holes in stiffeners cannot be selected for modification, these must be edited/deleted in the scheme
dialogue.


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9.4 Hole Management

Worked example: (New Drawing)

The ability to approve or reject holes created by outfitting is possible using the Hole Management tool.
Allowing control of penetrations through structures such as decks, b

To use Hole Management select the 3D view option Wi ndow > 3D view then select the appropriate block to
be viewed from the Design explorer. Select Block M211 and drag and drop into the 3D window.



Using Hole Management, the penetrations in the block can be viewed. View > Hol e Management the Hole
Association Manager will appear (as below) with several filter options. Select Appl y fi lter on the current
element.


Hol e Associ ation Fi l lter:

Current El ement: Shows
element current in Design
Explorer. (M211)

Li st of Elements: Shows
individual elements.

Al l Managed Hol es: Shows
all managed holes available.

Di sci pl ine/St atus/Claimed/V
al id: All are options to filter
the search by.

Sellect Appl y fi lter to perform
a search on the given
information.

The Outfitting items found in the search can be shown in the 3D view. Select the item, right click and Add to
3D view.

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From Hol e Associ ations Manager the pipe is highlighted (when picked). Click on Manage Selected
Hol es to view the hole request.





The requested hole and pipe information are
displayed, with Ori gi nator Tasks and
Revi ewer Tasks.
The Hull user (Reviewer) need only Approve
or Reject the hole request.


Hol e Comment :
The creatror of the request may have added
comments for consideration.


Approve: Approving the request allows a
hole to be created in the structure
interactively.


Rej ect: Rejecting the request indicates that
the hole is not acceptable in its current
position.




The hole can be rejected after it has been approved, if the need occurs.














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9.5 Doubling Plates

A doubling plate is a plate that is welded around or
covers a hole or notch. The geometry of the plate is
controlled by the component it is associated with.

To create a doubling plate use Planar Hul l > Model >
Create and select the Doubli ng option.

The following Defi ni tion dialogue will be displayed:

Ref t ype: The type of element to place the doubling
around. Options are HOLE, NOTCH and CURVE.

Selected: The identity of the selected element, click
to select the element in the drawing.

For a doubling plate around a hole or notch:
M1 Width of the doubling plate

M2 Optional offset from the edge of the hole or
notch. Can only be positive.

For a doubling plate covering a hole or notch:
Cl osed Used to specify a plate covering a hole or
notch.
M1 Overlap distance from the hole or notch contour.

Thi ckness doubling plate thickness.

Qual ity Material quality..

Side Specifies the side of the panel on which the doubling plate is mounted.

Valid For port & starboard symmetrical holes, the doubling plate can be specified as port only or starboard
only.

Functi onal: Functional description.

Col our: Define the display colour of the doubling plate from the drop down menu.

Notch: Notches to be cut in the doubling plate, options Corner notch or Seam notch, standard notch
designations required e.g. R25
For seams the Panel and Seam should be identified, click to select in the drawing.













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Production Data:
Pos. no: Position number of doubler.
(P & S unless S pos. is defined).

S pos: If a unique position number should be
assigned to the starboard doubler.

GPS1:, GPS2:, GPS3:, GPS4: General purpose
strings.

Destination: Destination location.

Surface: Surface treatment to be applied.

Comment: An arbitrary comment string.

Bevel1: & Bevel2: Bevel codes, only valid for
notches see detail below:


Set no: Dotori bevel set.
Automati c bevel: Used when bevel set has been defined.
Gri nding 1: Grinding information (location as bev1)
Gri nding 2: Grinding information (locations as bev2)
Pil lar pad: Topologically references a pillar pad to a pillar.





9.5.1 Modifying doubling plates

If after defining a doubling plate it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the
following functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.

2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. The system will prompt .

3. Click once on the doubling plate to be modified. The system will highlight the doubling plate and prompt
OK? Click Yes to modify the doubling plate, No to deactivate the doubling plate.

4. If Yes is clicked the system will display the original form used to create the doubling plate. Edit the
information as required and click Update. The system will now update the doubling plate with the new
information provided.





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Exercise 6

1. Use the drawing EXERCISE-01. Create a view at LP1, modify the limits to appear as shown below.
Create a longitudinal girder at LP1, 400mm deep with a 150*10 flange, use profile section for end 1
connection. Valid for P&S named M204-LP1_1. Add a frame ruler, transform scale to1:100. Place
the new view in the existing drawing form.

2. Add a seam 350mm FWD of FR125, add 12mm thick plate. Position corner notches in the top
corners, 35 mm radius.



3. Create a view at LP13, limit Zmin=4000 - limit Zmax=6500. Select panel M211-LP28_1 and create
stiffeners at LP13 (1) 15. Use 200*10 type 20, use the view 6400 AB to do this. Repeat this for panel
M212-LP28_1

Create holes in the stiffeners at FR113+400 / FR119+400 / FR124+400 /FR129+400 give a 50mm
off set and use type HO100*50. View the holes in the stiffener from elevation at LP13.

4. Using the section at FR 113, create holes in the panel (as shown below) use type HO600*400. Give
the holes doubling plates, use M1=50 / M2=20







5. Modify the doubling plates to M1=50 and M2=0 and
update. Note the change in type of doubling plate.

6. Add cutout type 308 with 020 clip arrangement to panel
M211-TB13_2 and M212-TB13_2









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7. Modify panel M111-DK1 at 15300 AB and use the previously created curve to create a hole in the
panel.
Split the stiffener running through the hole and add header and footer stiffeners.




























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10 Brackets

10.1 General

A bracket definition should contain the following; geometry (including notches), position in space, material
specification, and any stiffening profiles.

A bracket may be either an AVEVA Marine standard bracket or an arbitrary bracket defined by the user.
The arbitrary type brackets are generated as small panels and are known as bracket panels.

Bracket panels are covered in the Advanced Planar Hull Modelling course.
10.1.1 AVEVA Marine standard brackets
1. When defining a bracket the user is offered 10 different possible bracket syntax. In this course we
will cover all syntax with the exception of 7 (free plane) and V (vitesse brackets).

Most bracket syntax have their plane defined by the structure they connect to.
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Bracket syntax 8, allows the plane and the geometry of the bracket to be defined.

A typical bracket definition may include:

The bracket code (from the standards)
The bracket syntax (which situation it appears in)
The bracket thickness
Any notches required in the bracket
Connection information
Symmetry information (is it applicable port and stbd or only one side
etc.)

When defining a bracket a length is usually defined for both legs of
the bracket. In AVEVA Marine


should run along this panel as shown.

along the current panel. This can be achieved by requesting the
positions.

Occasionally it is convenient to give bracket input as though the
bracket belongs to a panel other than the current one. This choice
appearing in the bracket definition.



The example opposite shows PAN_B is current but the bracket input can be







10.1.2 The Plane of a Bracket:

Normally a bracket is placed in line with the profile along which it is set.

However, it is also possible to control the direction in an
arbitrary way. The direction line can be controlled to have a
certain direction or to pass a certain point. The following
options are available to define the plane:

Incl inati on: Vector:
Usually given as T=<angle>Usually given as two points
(e.g. XT=<r>and YT=<r>








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Princi ple Pl ane: Di recti on poi nt:
The bracket should lie in one of the Direction defined as passing through a
Defined point.








10.2 Bracket Input Forms

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.
Select the Bracket option. The following menu will appear:


Syntax, click to select a different syntax if
necessary (see 10.1.1).

There are a number of tabs to this form, they are
General , Dim/Con, Features, Production data and
General Strings.

General : Will display the input form for the selected
syntax type.
Name: The name of the bracket type. Click to
view the available bracket types for that syntax.

Instance: An instance of the bracket type (if defined,
optional).

Vari ant: The variant number of the bracket. Requires
standard bracket handling to be in place, and is not
covered in this course.

Comment: An arbitrary comment string.

Mi rrored: Whether leg A and B should be swapped.

Side The side of the panel that you wish the bracket
to appear on.

Side 2 Connection along panel or flange, varies depending on bracket syntax.


Valid for: This field is only activated if the current panel is valid for Port and Starboard. Therefore you can
select if the bracket should appear on the Port and Starboard panel, only the Port panel or only the
Starboard panel.

Col our: Define the display colour of the bracket from the drop down menu.

Bracket number: Bracket number.

Bracket next no: Next available bracket number.
Thi ckness. Thickness of plate to be used for bracket.

Material si de: Direction of material thickness if not automatically defined by attachment to stiffeners.

Qual ity: If left blank the default material for the system will be assumed, usually "A" quality mild steel.
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Reference: Click to allow the selection of reference elements in the drawing, the message line will
prompt for the type of elements to be selected.

Di m/Con:

Length of bracket arm A
Per/arm: when checked arm B will be measured
perpendicular to A.

Length of bracket arm B
Per/arm: when checked arm A will be measured
perpendicular to arm B.

Length of bracket arm C

Length of bracket arm D

Length of bracket arm E

Depth: Depth can be used to define the bracket
depth for syntax 2,3 & 7 brackets.

Gap: Gap with intersecting stiffeners.

AOV / BOV: Where brackets are designed to overlap
a stiffener, the system can calculate the length of the
overlapping arm/s using a ratio (AOV or BOV) * the
profile height e.g. profile height =300, AOV=2.5 then
arm A =300*2.5=750

Of fset: Offset from mould plane of stiffener.

Ti ght: Tight connection with intersecting stiffeners.

Radi us of free edge of bracket.

Radi us at end of l eg A of bracket.

Radi us at end of l eg B of bracket.

Length of toe at end A of bracket.

Length of toe at end B of bracket.

Nomi nal fl ange hei ght: Folded flange height (Nominal)

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Features:

Notches:
Notch i n the ori gi n corner: Origin corner notch.

Notch at the end of arm A: Notch at end of arm A.

Notch at the end of arm B: Notch at end of arm B.

Start of arm A for a three-edge bracket: Notch at
end of arm A.














Al ternative notch arrangement:



Sti ffeners:

Si de: Side of panel the profiles will be attached(Only active if a bracket with stiffeners is selected)

Sti ffeners on both sides of the bracket : Check where stiffeners are to be added to both sides of the
bracket.

Fi rst sti ffener: Type and size of first stiffener on bracket.

Second, Thi rd, Fourth and Fi fth stiffener, similar to first stiffener (does not apply to welded flange).

Hol es:
Designati on: Click to view the menu of hole types.

U Coord: Position along the bracket arm.

V Coord: Position along the bracket arm.

Angl e: Agle of the designated hole

Paral lel : Parallel to either arm A, B or C










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Production data:

Posi ti on number: Position number (If Position
number. =-1, no position number will be allocated
when autopos no. is used, the part is deemed to be a
standard part).

Posi ti on number for SB: Unique pos number for
starboard bracket

Name of parts li st: Name of parts list.

Weld: Weld size for connected edge.

Bevel: Bevel code for connected edge.

Bevel si de: Side that bevel will be applied to.

Automatic bevel: Available when the file assigned to
the variable SBH_BEVEL_SETS has been defined
and suitable bevel sets have been defined.

Destination: Assembly location.

Surf treat:. Finish prior to production phase.

GPS1, GPS2, GPS3, GPS4: General purpose
strings.



Gri nding: A number defining the grinding operation. (If grinding is set).

Functi onal: Functional description.








General Strings: General purpose strings. 1-10.


















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10.3 Bracket syntax 1 Panel to Profile

10.3.1 Rules for syntax 1 brackets



Mirror must not be used.





Bracket can stop against first intersecting profile, or continue to flange with
cutouts for intervening profiles










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10.3.2 Defining syntax 1 brackets

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will display the following menu:

Click , the system will display the following
menu, select Syntax 1, Panel/Profi le.


Click at the Name input box, the following menu
will be displayed:

Select the desired bracket type, in this case BCB.

The previous menu will be displayed, select the Side
of the panel the brackets should be attached to.

Add Thi ckness 10, Qual ity A plate to the bracket.





Click at
the Reference
box. The
system will
prompt
. Indicate the profile(s) that intersects the
current panel that you wish the bracket to run along. Use the OC
button when all desired profiles are highlighted.

The following multiple choice menu is displayed:

Click 1 Intersecting profil e.

The system will prompt .

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If nothing is selected the system will search for the nearest stiffener, or, if none is found, the nearest flange
and attach the bracket to it, use the OC button if this is desired. (You may select any stiffener or a flange if
you do not wish to use the nearest). Note: if you wish to attach to a flange on a panel where stiffeners are
fitted, you must select the flange.

In this case we indicate a flange in a hole and then use the OC button.

Select the Di m/Con tab, the system will display the following menu:

Add Length of bracket arm B 400, Length of bracket arm C 85. Note: Leg A has been automatically
detected by the system and is greyed out.

Select the Features tab and add a Notch in Ori gin
corner R50. Profile data can be added if stiffening is
necessary on the bracket using the input boxes on the
bottom of this form.

When complete, select Create, the bracket will now be displayed on screen.
















10.4 Bracket syntax 2 Panel to Profile

10.4.1 Rules for syntax 2 brackets


Bracket can belong to either of the involved panels.

Length of both legs must be user defined.



The profile may be a stiffener/longitudinal, the face of a flange or an edge of a
flange.


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10.4.2 Defining syntax 2 brackets

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will display the following menu:

Click , the system will display the following
menu, select Syntax 2, Panel/Profi le.


Click at the Name input box, the following menu
shown below will be displayed:

Select the desired bracket type, in this case B.

The previous menu will be displayed, select the Side
of the panel the brackets should be attached to.



Add Thi ckness 10, Qual ity A plate to the bracket.

Click at the Reference box. The system will
prompt . Indicate the
profile(s) that intersects the current panel that you
wish the bracket to run along. Use the OC button
when all desired profiles are highlighted.

The system will display the following question:

As the bracket being created usually runs along the
current panel, it is usual to select Yes for this option.
If the answer is No the system will ask for an
indication of the panel to attach to, the indication
should be made carefully as it also indicates which
side of the panel to attach the bracket.
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Select Yes. The system will display the following
question:




By default the plane of the bracket will be the same as that of the profile it is running along. If this is the
desired result, as it usually is, then click No and the system will apply the default and proceed through the
bracket definition.

If the plane of the bracket should be different to that of the profile
then click Yes and the following menu will appear:

Incl inati on angl e: Key in the desired angle for the plane of the
resulting bracket.

In pri ncipl e plane: The system gives the choice of X, Y or Z as
the plane of the resulting bracket

Point UV: The system will prompt . The next indication on the screen will define the plane
of the resulting bracket. The plane will run from the toe of the selected profile to the user defined cursor
position

Point XYZ: The system will prompt . The next indication on the screen will define the
plane of the resulting bracket. The plane will run from the toe of the selected profile to the user defined
cursor position.

After defining the plane of the bracket select the Di m/Con tab, the system will display the following menu:

Add Length of bracket arm A 525, Length of
bracket arm B will be the same as A when B is left
blank.

Select the Features tab and add a notch in the ori gin
corner R50.


Click Create, the system will now display the resulting bracket on the screen in all relevant views and return
to the Bracket menu.












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10.5 Bracket syntax 3 Panel to Panel

10.5.1 Rules for syntax 3 brackets

The bracket can belong to either of the involved panels.
Length of both legs must be user defined.

A flange, limit edge or line must be used for each leg.

If for example PANB had not been modelled it is possible to
define the leg of the bracket by a line. A point and an angle (U1,
V1 and T1) should define the line.


10.5.2 Defining syntax 3 brackets

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will display the following menu:

Click , the system will display the following
menu, select Syntax 3, Panel/Panel .

Click at the Name input box, the following menu
will be displayed:

Select the desired bracket type, in this case BR.

The previous menu will be displayed:

Add Thi ckness 10, Qual ity A plate to the bracket.

Click at the Reference box.
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The system will prompt
and display the following options:

Select the type of connection in way of the other panel. In this
case there is no profile where the bracket leg will connect to the
adjacent panel, and it is not a limit of the tank top panel, so we
must use 3 Li ne to define the position of the bracket leg.

The system will prompt
.Select Z, then key in the Z value, or cancel and use the 2d
point mode to connect to the top of the deck, confirm the correct
, if the bracket is to sit on top of
the line select No

The system will prompt and display the following options:

Select the type of connection in way of the current panel. In this
case 2 Li mi t.

The system will prompt l imi t. Indicate the limit on the
current panel where the leg of the bracket will connect.

After indicating the limit the system will return to the bracket
menu.

Select the Di m/Con tab, the system will display the following menu:


Add Length of bracket arm A 500, Length of
bracket arm B will be the same as A when B is left
blank.

Select the Features tab and add a notch in the ori gin
corner R50.

Click Create, the system will now display the resulting bracket on the screen in all relevant views and return
to the Bracket menu.












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10.6 Bracket Syntax 4 Profile to Profile

10.6.1 Rules for syntax 4 brackets

Bracket will normally belong to PANA.

Length of both legs must be user defined.



Reflected placing possible.


10.6.2 Defining syntax 4 brackets

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will display
the following menu:

Click , the system will display the following
menu, select Syntax 4, Profil e/Profi l e.

Click at the Name input box, the following menu
will be displayed:

Select the desired bracket type, in this case BBA.








The previous menu will be displayed:

Add Thi ckness 10, Qual ity A plate to the bracket.

Click at the Reference box.

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The system will prompt . Select the profile(s) not on the current panel that
you wish to attach the bracket(s) to. When the desired profiles are highlighted use OC.

The system will prompt . Select the profiles on the current panel that you
wish to attach the bracket to. Use OC when finished. The system will display the following menu:

The Side for the bracket will be automatically detected when selecting the profiles.

Select the Di m/Con tab, the system will display the following menu:

Add Length of bracket arm A 600, Length of
bracket arm B will be the same as A when B is left
blank.

Select the Features tab and add a type 10 150*12
stiffener to the SB side of the bracket.

Click Create, the system will now display the resulting bracket on the screen in all relevant views and return
to the Bracket menu.










10.7 Bracket Syntax 5 Panel to Profile

10.7.1 Rules for syntax 5 brackets

The bracket can belong to either panel.

intersecting stiffener or calculated by default rule.
keyed in directly by the user or a BOV, overlap dimension can
be defined.

If neither value is given then BOV=1.5*H will be used.

If a BOV value of less than 5 is entered, the system will treat
this as a factor and use BOV*H to calculate the actual overlap.






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10.7.2 Defining syntax 5 brackets

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will
display the following menu:

Click , the system will display the
following menu, select Syntax 5,
Panel /Profil e.

The system will display the following menu:

Click at the Name input box, the following menu
will be displayed:

Select the desired bracket type, in this case GA.




The previous menu will be displayed:

Add Thi ckness 10, Qual ity A plate to the bracket.

Click at the Reference box.


The system will prompt . Select the profile(s) that you wish to attach the
bracket(s) to. When all the desired profiles are highlighted use OC.

The system will prompt .
bar shown then we would indicate it now. If, as in this case, we wish to control the leg length with a keyed in
value we just use OC.

The system will prompt . Indicate the panel (not current) that you
wish the bracket to run along.

Indicate in a view where the desired panel is seen in section, and be careful when indicating as
whatever side of the panel you indicate will determine where the bracket is attached. I.e. if you take a
deck panel in section, if you indicate just above the deck, the bracket will be attached to the topside of
the deck panel, if you indicate below, the bracket will be attached to the underside of the deck.
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The Side for the bracket will be automatically detected when selecting the profiles.

Ensure the system has filled in the Side field correctly, if it has not then correct this before submitting
the form.

Select the Features tab to add any notches or holes.

Select the Di m/Con tab, the system will display the
following menu:

Add Length of bracket arm A 700 Length of bracket
arm B 600















If required key in a BOV value, otherwise leave blank
for the system to calculate.

Click Create, the system will now display the resulting
bracket on the screen in all relevant views and return to
the Bracket menu.















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10.8 Bracket Syntax 6 Profile to Profile

10.8.1 Rules for syntax 6 brackets


Reflected position possible.


If nothing defined then default applied i.e. AOV=1.0*HA

If nothing defined then default applied i.e. BOV=1.5*HB
AOV or BOV is given as less than 5 it will be interpreted as
a factor giving the overlap AOV*HA or BOV*HB
HA =Depth of profile on Panel A
HB =Depth of profile on Panel B



10.8.2 Defining syntax 6 brackets

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l >Model >Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will
display the following menu:

Click , the system will display the following
menu, select Syntax 6, Profil e/Profi l e.


Click at the Name input box, the following menu
will be displayed:

Select the desired bracket type, in this case GC6.

The previous menu will be displayed:


Add Thi ckness 10, Qual ity A plate to the bracket.

Click at the Reference box.

B
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The system will prompt . Select the profile(s) along which the B value
will be applied. When all the desired profiles are highlighted use OC.

The system will prompt - . Select the profile(s) along which the A value will be
applied. When all the desired profiles are highlighted use OC.

The system will return to the bracket menu:

Select the Notches/Profi les tab to add any notches.

Select the Di m/Con tab, the system will display the
following menu:

Add Length of bracket arm A 700, Length of bracket
arm B 600.

Optionally key in AOV or BOV values as required. If left
blank the system will calculate these as described
previously.

Ensure the system has filled in the Side field
correctly, if it has not then correct this before
submitting the form














The system will now display the resulting bracket on the
screen in all relevant views and return to the Bracket
menu.







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10.9 Bracket Syntax 8 Explicitly defined

10.9.1 Rules for syntax 8 brackets

The bracket will belong to the current panel.

Reflected position possible.

The plane and origin of the bracket must be defined in the input.








10.9.2 Defining syntax 8 brackets

Before defining syntax 8 brackets it is a requirement that a view exists on the current drawing which
represents the desired plane of the resulting bracket. The example below shows the situation where
modelling of the bulkhead was taking place in the section view. However to define a syntax 8 bracket at the
position indicated it is necessary to create an elevation view as shown below:

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function
Planar Hul l >Model >Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will display the
following menu:


Click , the system will display the following menu,
select Syntax 8. Expl icitl y defi ned.
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Click at the Name input box, the following menu will be displayed:

Select the desired bracket type, in this case KL.

The previous menu will be displayed:

Add a 10 Thi ckness plate, Material si de PS
(because a profile has not been selected to define
the plane a side must be given), select Qual it y A.

Click at the Selected references box.
The system will prompt . Click once
on the view to be used to define the plane of the
resulting bracket, in this example this is the new
elevation view.


The system will prompt . The system is now
looking for an indication to define the origin of the resulting bracket. Perform
indication 1 as shown below (Use NODE for each of the selections, zoom in on the
elevation view as shown).

The system will prompt -axi s . The system requires a
point along which to project the positive U axis of the bracket. Perform indication 2
as shown opposite:

The system will prompt -axi s . The system requires a
point along which to project the positive V axis of the bracket. Perform indication 3
as shown.

The system will now display the following menu:


The options available here are as follows:

No The system will use the supplied ORI, UAX and VAX to define the angle between the U and V axis. In
this case the indication we have made will result in 90 degrees between the axis. The system will also apply
an angle of 90 degrees between the bracket edge and the toe of the bracket.

Yes The system will allow a new angle to be defined between the U and V axis. Due to the indications in
the drawing it is easy to define the U and V axis at 90 degrees to each other, however it is difficult through
indication to define an angle other than 90 degrees. Therefore the system will accept a definition at 90
degrees and then allow the user to define an angle other than 90 degrees. The system will also prompt for a
user-
dimension.

edges has been selected. This f

In this case a 90-degree bracket is required therefore select No. The system will return to the Bracket
menu.

Click the Notches/Profi les tab and add a R35 Notch i n the ori gi n corner.

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Select the Di m/Con tab, the system will display the
following menu:

Add Length of bracket arm A 200, Length of bracket
arm B 400, Length of bracket arm C 75,
Length of bracket arm D 50.



Click Create, the system will now display the resulting
bracket on the screen in all relevant views and return to
the Bracket menu.








10.10 Bracket Syntax 9 Panel Bracket Ref.


10.10.1 Rules for syntax 9 brackets


A predefined curve needs to be available for selection

The bracket object name must match the selected curve name









10.10.2 Defining syntax 9 brackets

Before defining syntax 9 brackets it is a requirement that a view exists on the current drawing which
represents the desired plane of the resulting bracket, so that the predefined curve used to create the bracket
can be selected.

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Bracket option. The system will
display the following menu:
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Click , the system will display the following menu, select Syntax 9, Panel Bracket Ref.


















From the General tab select the curve to be used using the button, pick the curve interactively from the
drawing. Type in the name of the predefined curve for the Object name e.g. BKT (shown below)














The bracket needs to be given a Thi ckness 12
and a material side position AFT



Click Create, the system will now display the resulting bracket on the screen in all relevant views and return
to the Bracket menu.









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10.11 Modifying a bracket

If after defining a bracket it becomes necessary to modify any of the information given, carry out the
following functions:

1. Ensure the panel in question is activated.

2. Use the command Planar Hul l > Model > Modi fy. The system will prompt . (If the
bracket has been created within a group, Planar Hul l > Model > Divide may be used to separate the
bracket to be modified).

3. Click once on the bracket to be modified. The system will highlight the bracket and prompt OK? Click
Yes to modify the bracket, No to deactivate the bracket.

4. If Yes is clicked the system will display the original form used to create the bracket. Edit the information
as required and click Update. The system will now update the bracket with the new information
provided.


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Exercise 7

1. Open the drawing EXERCISE-01 Using scheme input, run in scheme files:
M104-TB13_2 / M111-TB13_1 / M112-TB13_1 / M211-TB13_3 / M211-TB13_4 / M212-TB13_3 /
M212-TB13_4. Assistance will be given to do this.

2. Create a view using 3 points: X=FR113, Y=11850, Z=13132; X=FR130, Y=11850, Z=13132; and
X=FR113, Y=9825, Z=LP39, set the limits to Xmin =FR112, Xmax =FR131.


3. Create a panel valid for P side, named M111-3POINT_1, the boundaries will be line positions. Start
with FR112 and run anti clockwise. Check the panel and adjust the boundary if nessesary. Add 12
thick plate to the panel.

4. Add a web panel at FR113 as shown
opposite named
M111-TB13_2, add 12 thick plate. Add
a fillet curve to create the hole
contour, displaced 400 from the 2
panels and the surface, 200 rad. to
each corner. Add the hole and a
150*10 type 10 flange to the opening.











5. Add 12 thick brackets, syntax 1, type BCB with R35 notch on the aft side of the web panel.


















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6. Add 10 thick brackets, syntax 2, type B on the aft side of the bulkhead M211-TB13_2, with 100*10
type 10 stiffeners on the inboard side of the brackets. Repeat for bulkhead M212-TB13_2



7. Using panel M204-TB13_3 at section FR113, create a 12 thick bracket, syntax 3, type BR 500*500
with a R50 notch. Create for both PS and STB sides, as shown below.
































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8. Add 10 thick brackets, syntax 4, type BB, 400*400 as shown connecting the upper end of the
bulkhead (M211-TB13_2) stiffeners to the deck stiffeners. Repeat for panel M212-TB13_2




9. Add 150*10* type 10 profiles to the inboard side of the longitudinal bulkhead at 1200 off C.L. at
FR114, PS and STB. 40mm gap at each end and 1302 endcuts. Create a view at 1200 off cl for the
STB side.

10. Add a 10 thick bracket, syntax 5,
type GA, arm A =600
(use panel M104-DK1)



























11. Add 12 thick brackets, syntax 8, type KL to the aft
side of the web plate as shown, R35 notch to
corner
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11 Handling AVEVA Marine panels

11.1 Moving panels

To move an existing panel a drawing should be open preferably with an isometric view containing the panel
to be moved.
Start the function Planar Hull > Panel > Move.

Assuming no panels are currently active, the system will prompt .
Click once on the desired panel(s). Use OC when the desired panel(s) have been selected.
The system will display the following menu:

Princi ple Pl ane:This option
will be highlighted if the
original plane was a principle
plane i.e. X, Y or Z. In this
case edit Co-ordinate value
to represent the new position.
Alternatively click Rel ati ve
positi on and enter a value
relative to the chosen panels
starting position, e.g. FR1 will
add one frame to the original
position.

Three points: This option will
be highlighted if three points
defined the original plane. In
this case edit the three points
to represent the desired
position.


Plane Obj ect: This option will be highlighted if the original plane was defined by another object, i.e. an RSO
in the database. In this case edit the object in the Name field to represent an object describing the desired
new position.

After completing the form click OK.

The system will now move the panel to the new position.
At this point the system may display a list of object that could not be copied to the new location, usually
due to a referenced object at the start position not existing at the new position. Take note of these
messages and be prepared to modify the panel when it is moved.
If the panel position is satisfactory then use the function Planar Hul l > Sel ect > Appl y and Deacti vate.

The system will display the following option for each of
the moved panels:

If completely satisfied with the panel's new position
click Yes.

The system will update the databank with the panel's
new position and remove the panel from the active list.


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11.2 Copying panels

To duplicate an existing panel(s) a drawing should be open preferably with an isometric view containing the
panel(s) to be duplicated.

Start the function Planar Hull > Panel > Copy.

Assuming no panels are currently active, the system will prompt .

Click once on the desired panel(s). Use OC when the desired panel(s) have been selected.

The system will display the following menu:















Click on the Options button, the following form will be displayed:

In the Ol d Name box the
system will display the
selected panel(s) name
and in the Ol d Module
box, the block to which it
currently belongs.

In the New Name box,
edit or key in the name for
the new panel. In the New
Modul e box, edit or key in
the name of the block to
which the panel will
belong.

If multiple duplication is
required it is necessary to
provide multiple new
names in a single New
line. An example of this could be a bulkhead at FR113 being copied to frames 114,115,116 & 117

The original bulkhead name is: M204-FR113_1

The New Name input would read: M204-FR<114(1)117>_1

This would result in the following panels being produced: M204-FR114_1
M204-FR115_1
M204-FR116_1
M204-FR117_1
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After completing the form as required, use the OK button. The system will display the following menu:





















If multiple copies are being made then multiple positions must be supplied. The number of positions
defined must match the number of new panel names provided in the previous menu.

The previous example of creating multiple bulkheads would require the following input in the Coordinate
value box: FR114(1)117
After completing the menu use the OK button. The system will copy the panel(s) to the new position
M in it to highlight that the panel has been
copied to the new position but not stored.

At this point the system may display a list of object that could not be copied to the new location, usually
due to a referenced object at the start position not existing at the new position. Take note of these
messages and be prepared to modify the panel when it is moved.

If multiple duplication has been requested, the system will copy and display the panel as stated above. It will
also display the following option:

Click Yes and the system will progress through all the
duplications offering the chance to store each panel.
When it reaches the last one the option to store will
not be displayed but the panel will remain active. To
store the final panel, use the function Planar Hul l >
Select > Appl y and Deacti vate.
The system will display the question box shown
above.
Click Yes and the system will update the databank with the new panel and remove the panel from the active
list.

11.3 Modifying panel symmetry

Symmetrical panels created P&S may be separated to individual panels, one port side specific, one
starboard side specific, allowing changes to be made individually to each panel.

Select Pl anar Hul l > Panel > Modi fy Symm, select the symmetric panel to be redefined as separate
panels, select OC. The user will be prompted to delete the parent panel.
The split panels will remain active. When storing the panels, the original panel name will be used with a
suffix S (starboard) and P (port) added to the original panel name. References within other panels that have
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topological links with the old panel will also be activated/updated to reference the new panel names, these
panels should also be stored.

11.4 Renaming Panels

If it is necessary, panels can be renamed using Pl anar Hul l > Panel > Rename. Select the panel to be
renamed, the dialogue box for renaming the panel is displayed as shown below, with the original panel
name displayed.



Key-in the new Panel
name, then select OK.



The panel will be renamed. All panels with topological references to the renamed panel will also be
activated/updated with the new panel name. Store all panels.

11.5 Adding or modifying components on multiple panels

After a panel has been duplicated to several locations, it may be necessary to either add extra components
to some or all copies of the panel or modify components on some or all of the copies.

This can be achieved very simply, use the command Planar Hul l > Select > Acti vate to activate all the
required panels then create a new component or modify an existing one in the normal way. The addition or
modification will be applied to all active panels where possible.

When the panels are stored using Pl anar Hul l > Select > Appl y and Deacti vate, the system will prompt the
user to store the first panel, press the ALL button to store all panels.

Alternatively the user can press Yes to store the panel and the system will prompt to store the next panel.
This is repeated for each panel.

If the user presses No for a panel then it will be skipped and will revert to the currently stored version.

Exercise 8

1. Copy the panel M204-FR113_1 at FR113 to FR114, repeat to create multiple copies at FR115,
FR116 and FR117. Use elevation 600 off cl to view the copied panels or create new views at each
frame.

2. Add a hole HO600*400 on the centreline, also create a doubling plate. This applies to all of the
copied panels (FR114, FR115, FR116 and FR117) including FR113














3. Rename the panel M204-FR117_1 (section FRM 117), give a new indervidual name.







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12 Position numbers and panel splitting

12.1 Position Numbers

After modelling a block of steel structure it is necessary to assign a position (or identification) number to
each part. This task can be handled automatically in AVEVA Marine. The system can assign unique
numbers to every part or compare parts and assign the same number to any identical parts.

A position number object assigned to SB_POSNO_SETS controls the allocation of position numbers. The
options available within this object are covered in the AVEVA Marine Hull Managers training course.

For this example a position number object already exists and we will concentrate on the assignment of the
numbers, not the creation of the object.

12.1.1 Assigning position numbers

The first step in assigning position numbers is to select the scope. The scope defines which parts belonging
to which objects are to be treated in the position number allocation. To define a scope, open a drawing and
start the function Planar Hull > PosNo > Scope

The following menu will appear:

Panel : Select all parts belonging to an individual panel to be
treated.

Bl ock: Select all parts belonging to a block to be treated.

Assembl y, all l evel s: Select all parts belonging to an assembly
and all levels below.

Assembl y, fi rst level: Select all parts belonging to a single level
assembly.

Al l: Select all parts in the current project.

Li st: View the current scope.

Reset: Clear the current scope.

Select 2 Block and a list of blocks in the
current project will be displayed. This list will
initially appear empty but the use of the
wildcard (*) will list all blocks in the current
project, as shown opposite:











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From the list select M204 and click the OK button. The system will display the menu shown below:

This menu will appear if the option Panel, Block or All has been
selected. It allows the filtering of parts by the side of the ship
they appear in. Initially all three options are shown in capital
letters, this indicates all parts for all sides will be selected. If one
of the options is clicked the text will change to lower case
letters, this indicates that parts found on that particular side will
not be selected.

We require all panels in the block therefore click the Cancel button with all three options shown in capital
letters. The system will now return to the original menu allowing further selection if required, when finished
select Cancel.

Having made our selection it is now necessary to run the position number program, this is started by the
command Planar Hul l >PosNo>Auto.

The following form will appear:

Object: The name of the database object
controlling the handling of the position
numbers __SBH_AUTOPOS_CTRL__.

Case: The case to be used must exist in the
position number object.

Prefi x/Suffix: None digit characters to
appear before or after the position number.
(Normally used in conjunction with final
position numbers, see below).

Parts to be treated: Filter the parts in the
current scope that are to be treated.

Posi ti on numbers to update: Types of
existing position numbers that are to be
updated.

Empty: Only parts without existing position numbers will be updated.

Temporary: Only parts with existing position numbers which are not marked as final will be updated.

Fi nal : Only parts with existing position numbers that have been marked as final will be updated.

Please note that these three options are independent, e.g. final position numbers can be treated
without disturbing the empty position numbers. In other words, any combination of options can be given
simultaneously.
When defining Final position numbers it is necessary to give a prefix and a suffix to the position number. To
enable this option the environment variable SBH_AN_POSNO has to be set.
In case of alpha-numerical position numbers it is not possible to use some general purpose strings because
these occupy the same space as the prefix and suffix of the alpha- numerical position numbers.

The suffixes and prefixes identifying position numbers to be final are assigned to two default parameters of
the default file of Hull Planar Modelling (from where they are read also by the autopos function). The
parameters are POSNO_PREFIX and POSNO_SUFFIX and they may be assigned a number of different
strings, e.g. POSNO_PREFIX=A,B,C and POSNO_SUFFIX=FIN. It is generally the responsibility of the hull
manager to allocate the variables and set the values.

To be identified as "final" a position number must (in this case) have a prefix equal to any of A, B or C and
simultaneously have a suffix string equal to FIN.

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Program mode: Select whether to update the model objects or list the results.

Insert mode: At end will append pos numbers starting after the last number previousy used.
Between will use any numbers which are now empty due to deleted parts.

Comparison: Select the level at which the comparison of identical parts is to take place

Ass level: Used to specify an assembly level if Comparison has been set to an assembly.

For this example we enter MTP in the Case and click the OK button. After the program is complete click the
Cancel button to exit the function.

In the AVEVA Marine Log Viewer a results file will be generated with the extension lst. An example of the
contents of this file is shown below:












As can be seen the file will list all parts treated along with the actual position number allocated. If any parts
could not be treated by the system, or already have a number assigned a message relating to the problem
will appear in this file.

Assuming all parts where successfully treated the position numbers can now be added to the production
drawings.
It is necessary

12.1.2 Adding position numbers to drawings

Assuming the Program mode was set to Update when running the position numbers program, the panel
objects in the database will now contain the allocated position numbers.

This information can be accessed and displayed in note form on a drawing using the following function
Annotate > Hul l Note > Pos No

The system will display the following options in a choose options
Choose part type

Profil e: Used to add position number notes to stiffeners or
flanges. This option applies to stiffeners in the plane of the view
or intersecting the view.

Bracket: Used to add position number notes to a bracket.

Cl ip: Used to add position number notes to a clip.

feature and is using User defined Clips.

Plane pl ate: Used to add position number notes to a plate in the same plane as the view it appears in.

Intersect pl ate: Used to add position number notes to a plate intersecting the plane of the view it appears in

Doubl ing Pl ate: Used to add position number notes to a doubling plate.
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After selecting the relevant part type the system will prompt for an indication on the screen. Click once on
the part, use the OC button and the system will add the position number.

Alternatively click once on the part, move the cursor away, click again and then use the OC button and the
system will add a note with a tail back to the part.

While the system is prompting for an indication of a part the
option is there to customise the appearance and contents of the
position number note. To customise the note, use the Option
button and the following menu will appear:

Profil es:
Plates:
Brackets:
Cl ips:
Doubl ing:

Check the boxes to include any combination of the following, positi on number, di mensi on, qual it y. A
symbol can be selected to be placed around the position number.

Use the OK button when satisfied with selections. Add position number notes as previously described.

12.2 View Properties

Additional model information can be added to individual views.

This information can be accessed and displayed as text on a view using the following function
Symbol i c View > Pl anar Hul l Vi ew > Properti es. . .

Select a view to add or remove these
texts.

The following menu will be displayed:

Confirm the correct view has been
selected by selecting Yes

The following screen will be displayed:

The default settings of the View Properties can be controlled
by the use of variables in the modelling default file.

Tick the items to be displayed in the view, or remove the tick to
remove the text from the view. When the necessary settings have
been chosen select OK. Only the selected texts will be added to
the view, any which are not ticked will be removed from the view
where applicable.

Note: The view type will dictate which texts can be added using
this method.









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Example displaying flange text shown below:





When a view is recreated the text may be removed from the view.

It is often necessary to reposition text to make a drawing more presentable. If
text is moved using the Modify > Move > Text option, when the view is
moving the text using Symbol ic Vi ew > Pl anar Hul l Vi ew > Edit.
















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12.3 Panel splitting

After the completion of the modelling, and the allocation of position numbers, it is necessary to split the
panels into their various parts. The Plane Parts Generation program handles this task.
This program splits out all the plates and profiles that make up a panel and sends them to the relevant
database ready for use by the nesting applications.

The full range of options relating to this program is covered in the AVEVA Marine Hull Production
Information Users guide. What follows now is a simple step-by-step guide to split the panels in the block
modelled in the planar hull modelling exercises.

Before running PPI switchUsername / MDB to MHULLMID. Save work and close application. Log in
using MHULLMID. This is relevant for MTP.


Open the drawing used in the planar hull modelling exercises, start the
function

Hul l Tools > PPI Hul l

The menu shown opposite will appear.

The majority of the options will be greyed out, as no parts have been
selected.

Therefore the first step is to select the Block we wish to split.

Click 1 Sel ect. The menu shown below will appear.









Select 1 Block and the following input box will be displayed:

Key the name of the block or use a wildcard, then select OK, to
display the following box:
If a wildcard was used a list of blocks in the current project will
appear, if a block name was given, only the block given will be
displayed.

Select M204 from the list and use the Add>> button to move this to
the selection list (you can continue to select blocks if necessary),
when finished select OK. (You can remove items which have been
selected by selecting them in the right hand column and use the
<<Remove button to remove them from the list.
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The system will return to the Producti on data selecti on screen, select Cancel , the Producti on Interf ace
menu will now be displayed, this time all of the options will be active, as a valid selection to be treated is
included.

Click 3 Pl ane Part Generati on to start the program.

The system will start a job in the AVEVA Marine Log viewer called Hul l Plane Part Gen.
When this job has terminated, view the lst file for a text description of all plate and profile parts created.

For a pictorial view of all plate parts created return to the Producti on Interf ace menu and click 2 Show
The system will prompt click Yes.The system will display a list of drawings
stored in the SBH_RECEIPT database. Look for a drawing named PPAN_<job number>.

Open this drawing to view a sketch of all plate parts sent to the SB_PLDB database to be nested.

An example of a split plate part drawing is shown below:













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12.4 Part Checking

Click Hul l Tools > Part Checki ng > Part Check. Select a planar plate part in the displayed drawing. Click
OC. The part will be displayed with any manufacturing markings/excesses etc. for confirmation.

PPI Hull - Plane Part Generation has to be run to enable parts to be checked using Part Checking.


Modify: Allows modification of Text, Symbol and
Label.

Text menu:
















Symbol menu: Label menu:















Recreate: With this function the production information are displayed according to the system settings. If
any previous text has been moved, the new position and properties are kept and only the contents are
changed.

Cl ear: With this function all production information will be deleted from the part. The panel is also updated.

Save: With this function all production information added to the part will be stored in the panel as labelled
texts. The user will get a warning if any text is outside the part.

To exit the function click Hul l Tools > Part Checki ng > Cl ose Part Check.






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12.5 Planar Hull Scheme editor

The dialogue shown below is opened by all functions that need it, such as Pl anar Hull > Scheme > Input,
Planar Hull > Scheme > Edi t and Planar Hul l > Model > Edit . The scheme dialog is a modeless dialog.
This means that the user can use other functions while the dialog is open. These other functions, such as
Planar Hull > Model > Create, can then update the contents of the scheme dialog, this may be of use if you
are unable to graphically select the component you wish to modify.

Right click alongside a statement
(as shown left), the following
options are displayed:

New: Create a new scheme file.

Open: Open an existing scheme
file.

Close: Close the active scheme
file.

Save: Save the active scheme
file.


Edit: Used to edit part of a statement (Cut, Copy, Paste, Select All , Fi nd,
Fi nd Next and Replace are available from the drop down menu).






Statement: Select Statement, the following options are displayed:

Run This: Run the selected statement.
Run Al l: Run all of the statements in the scheme file.
Run Al l Changed: Run any modified statements.
Run: Allows a number of statements to be run from the current
position.
Copy: Copy the statement.
Paste: Paste the previously selected statement.
Del ete: Delete the selected statement.
New: Create a new statement.

Statements:

Statements must begin with a 3 letter Statement Keyword and be terminated by a semicolon ( ; ).

Example: -

Examples of other Statement Keywords:

SEA Seam Statement HOL Hole Statement
PLA Plate Statement FLA Flange Statement
EXC Excess Statement STI Stiffener Statement
CUT Cutout Statement BRA Bracket Statement
NOT Notch Statement Etc...




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The rest of a statement is made up of a combination of the following:

Keywords.
Assignments and Values.
Panel references.
Profile references.
Hull Curve references.

Keywords:

These are keywords that appear within a statement as opposed to Statement Keywords that always start a
new statement.
These keywords have a predefined meaning recognised by the system.
Only the first three characters are required.
They may carry information in themselves or be assigned a value.

Examples: PRO Profile, usually assigned a profile type and scantling.
QUA Quality, usually assigned a Material quality.
PAN Panel, usually assigned the name of an adjacent panel.

Assi gnments and Val ues:

Values can be assigned to keywords. Values can be either Numbers, Strings or Names. In most cases
more than one value is assigned to a keyword, up to a maximum of 25.

Numbers: To help with multiple values assigned to a single keyword a selection of
repetition terms are allowed.

Repetition terms: 1-3 =1,2,3 (start end)
1-2-7 =1,3,5,7 (start step end)
1()3 =1,2,3 (start () end)
1(2)7 =1,3,5,7 (start (step) end)

Strings: Always start with a letter

Never surrounded by apostrophes

Names: Any combination of characters within apostrophes (except apostrophes)

Examples: NO=1-4 means Numbers =1,2,3,4
PRO=20,200,10 means Profile 200*10 OBP to be used
SID=FOR means Side=Forward
Y=1000(500)2000 means Y co-ordinates =1000,1500,2000

Panel references:

The name of the panel to be referenced should be enclosed in apostrophes.

Example: -

Profil e references:

Profile references are used to refer to longitudinals or transversals on the shell or planar stiffeners and
flanges.

Example: L140 means longitudinal number 14
T135 means transversal number 135
S1 means stiffener number 1
F3 means flange number 3
L130-160 means longitudinal numbers L13,L14,L15,L16,
S1(2)7 means stiffener S1, S3, S5, S7
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There is also the possibility to use tag numbers given to stiffeners by the system depending on their position
in the model

Example: SL12 means stiffener at longitudinal position 12
SF142 means stiffener at frame 142
References to stiffeners and flanges are often combined with the name of the panel on which they are
located. Most panels have an S1, stiffener number 1, therefore it is necessary to identify the stiffener
uniquely.

Example: -
-

When referencing a profile on the starboard side of the ship, it is necessary to add the keyword REF (reflect)
to the longitudinal / stiffener number

Example:








Hul l Curve Ref erences:

Hull Curves can be refered to like profiles.
Note: The curves must have already been created in Curved Hull Modelling or Structural Design, and been
named in accordance with the rules set up in the Hull Reference Object, if free naming has not been set ask
your Hull Manager for the naming convention used for your project.

Example: MTPX125 means hull curve at frame 125.
Coordinates values may also be used.
MTPY12 means a hull curve at longitudinal position LP12 (buttock line).
Coordinates values may also be used.
MTPZ25 means a hull curve at longitudinal position LP25 (waterline).
Coordinates values may also be used.

Note that the prefix MTP is project specific.

When referencing a curve on the starboard side of the ship, it is necessary to add the keyword REF (reflect)
to the curve name.

Example:








Co-ordinates:

It is possible to give positions in the local co-ordinate system of the panel by using U, V and T or to work in
-ordinate system and use X, Y, Z

Example: X=FR85, FR90
U=FR85, FR90
In using frame terms for U, the U axis must be parallel with the X axis and start in the YZ plane.


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Frame Co-ordi nates:

Positions relative to frames can be used for X and U co-ordinates.

Example: X=FR85+300 (means 300mm forward of frame 85)
U=FR50(2)54-350 (means 350mm aft of frames 50, 52 and 54)

Repetitions are possible only in the frame number, it cannot be used for the distance forward or aft of a
frame.

Example: FR59(3)65+100 (means FR59+100, FR62+100, FR65+100)

If different distances forward of frame 59 where required the following input would have to be used:
FR59+100, FR59+200,
The following repetition is not allowed: FR59+100(100)300

12.6 Direct modifications to the scheme

When Planar Hull > Model > Modi fy is used and a component selected, the form used to create the
component is displayed, at the bottom of the form, the statement for the current component is displayed.
Checking the di rectl y box allows the user to modify the scheme statement directly. After modifying the
statement click Update.






Additional options are available through this form. Click the Modi fy tab, then right click on a statement.




























Options available are Edit, Del ete, Add Comment , Comment out, Run al l and Uncomment out .

Alternativly with in the modify tab, double click on a statement and the original menu form will apper.

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12.7 Schemelet

The Schemelet can be used to add or modify components on a panel or group of panels.

An example may be to change the colour of a group of stiffeners to blue
Click Planar Hull > Scheme > Schemelet, the system will prompt Indi cate Group
select a group of stiffeners.

The following form will be displayed.








In this case we have added the property COL to the STI statement with the value BLUE.

In the example shown below we have changed the profile size of the selected group of stiffeners









When finished click Planar Hul l > Select > Appl y and Deacti vate to save the changes and Save Work.

Note: Any changes should be considered before input, for example, changing a profile type may
invalidate the endcuts and connection codes which will result in an error.









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13 Additional Modelling Features
13.1 The Plane Option

Within a panel definition, the user can create a plane to be referred to later in the panel modelling process.
The plane is mostly used to temporarily define a panel boundary, until a suitable panel exists which can be
used as a topological reference.
13.1.1 Planes

The plane will not be stored in the database, therefore you can refer to this plane only while the panel (for
which the plane has been created) is activated, also the name need only be unique within the panel
statement.

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create and select the Pl ane
option.

Name: The plane name.

Type: X, Y, Z or Three poi nts. The
plane location. The plane can be
defined as a plane perpendicular to a
principal co-ordinate axis by one co-
ordinate, or as three points in the XYZ-
space.

If a X,Y or Z plane is selected, only one
field will be available for input as shown
opposite.

If three points are used to define the
plane, all 9 fields (X1,Y1, Z1, X2, Y2,
Z2, X3, Y3, Z3) must be filled. The 3
points must not be collinear

FR- and LP-terms can be used when
giving the co-ordinates.

Click the Create button. The Plane form will remain displayed, select another object type to create from the
menu to the left of the form, or click Fi ni sh. The PLN statement is added to the scheme file.
Note: VM-REF-PLANE must appear in the users
license file.
13.1.2 Using a plane in a boundary

Planar Hul l > Model > Create and select the
Boundary option.

Select Intersect Panel. The system will display the
following form:

Key in the name of the plane in the Name box.


Reflected: Check this box if the plane is on the starboard side only.
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Paral lel displ acement: Key in an offset value.

Un-check the RSO and Panel check boxes.

The system will display the boundary line in the drawing window, click the next boundary option to continue
or OK to complete the panel boundary.

13.1.3 Replacing a plane with a panel

Generally, planes are only used temporarily until a suitable panel can be used to provide a topological
boundary reference. Provided the panel is given the same name as the plane, updating the panel is simply a
matter of removing the plane.

Assuming the panel is active, use Planar Hul l > Scheme > Edit.

In the Hull Panel Scheme Editor highlight the PLN statement that defines the plane, select Statement >
Del ete. The PLN statement will be replaced with DEL.

Move the cursor to the start of the scheme file and right click, then select Statement > Run Al l. (The
drawing will be updated). Exi t the editor and select Planar Hul l > Select > Appl y and Deacti vate.
Exercise 9

1. Use the drawing EXERCISE-01. Create a view at FR115
2. Create new panel M104-FR115_1, symmetry Over/in C.L.
3. Create a plane named M204-DK2_1, at Z=9315.

4. Use the following boundaries: Line Y=-1220 / Plane M204-DK2_1/ Line Y=1220 / Intersect Panel
M104-DK1

5. Add 12 thick plate to the panel then Apply and Deactivate.
6. View the results.

The system has used the PLN statement to
generate the bottom limit of the panel, the
PLN name is also the name of a panel, if the
PLN statement is deleted and the scheme
re-run, the system will use the panel
definition to define the lower limit.

7. Delete the PLN statement and re-run
The scheme and view the results.













The use of the Plane statement is to allow a panel boundary to be defined using the name of a panel
that does not yet exist, when the panel is created the PLN statement can be deleted and the panel can
then reference the true panel boundary.

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13.2 The Profile Cross-section Option

In a boundary of this type, the boundary curves - one from each side of the profile - are derived from the
intersection between a given profile and the plane of the current panel.

After defining the panel, from the
boundary wizard click 5 Profil e
crossection.

The following dialogue box will be
displayed:

Click Indi cate and select the profile
in the drawing. The Panel name
and Profil e reference will be
automatically populated.

Shel l profil e reference, Tag reference (stiffener), and Uni que (sti ffener or fl ange) are filters that can be
unchecked to limit what can be selected when indicating a profile in the drawing.
The boundary will be of unrestricted length, but if Short li mit is checked then the contour will only extend
roughly half the profile height outside the actual profile height. See sketch below:















Reflected: Check this box if the profile is on the starboard side only.

Paral lel displ acement: Key in an offset value.

The system will display the boundary line in the drawing window, click the next boundary option to continue
or OK to complete the panel boundary.

13.3 The Profile Along Option

In a boundary of this type, the boundary curve(s) will be derived along the edge of a given profile. In the
case of a flange, the result will be two curves. The curve can be displaced parallel to the edge.

After defining the panel, from the boundary
wizard click 4 Profil e al ong.

The following dialogue box will be
displayed:

Click Indi cate and select the profile in the
drawing. The Panel name and Profil e
reference will be automatically populated.



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Shel l profil e reference, Tag reference (stiffener), and Uni que (sti ffener or fl ange) are filters that can be
unchecked to limit what can be selected when indicating a profile in the drawing.

Reflected: Check this box if the profile is on the starboard side only.

Paral lel displ acement: Key in an offset value.

If displacement is used: Displacement > 0 = overlap, < 0 = gap

The location of the panel may be
defined by the boundary (bou) in the
panel statement form. If this boundary
type is given as boundary number one,
then the profile plane will determine
panel plane. The original plane used to
define the panel must be removed
using the scheme editor.
The trace curve of the profile will be extended 500 mm at both ends for shell profiles, otherwise (for planar
panel profiles) - 1000 mm (see opposite).
13.4 The Profile Overlap Options

A contour will be derived from the overlap of one end of a given profile (shell profile or stiffener). The actual
contour shape is controlled by a number of parameters.

After defining the panel, from the
boundary wizard click 6 Overl ap
profi le.

The following dialogue box will be
displayed:

On the Profil e to overlap tab, click
Indi cate and select the profile in the
drawing. The Panel name and
Profil e references will be
automatically populated.

Side: This menu is used to indicate in which direction from the intersecting plane to search for the profile
end.

Reflected: Check this box if the profile is on the starboard side only.

Shel l profil e reference, Tag reference
(stiffener), and Uni que (sti ffener or
flange) are filters that can be unchecked
to limit what can be selected when
indicating a profile in the drawing.


On the Intersecting pl ane tab click
Indi cate and select a panel or curve in
the drawing (the Panel and Curve filter
check boxes may be used to restrict what
may be selected).



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If Parall el to pri ncipal pl ane is
checked the menu will be changed to
that shown opposite:

Only Coordinates applicable to the
panel plane will be available, select
the relevant plane and give a value or
click and select / indicate a
position in the drawing.


Finally select the Contour tab. When a
checkbox is selected at M1, M2, M3, or M4 a
drawing is displayed indicating how the
values will be interpreted, click Next picture
to toggle to further options.




The Radi us controls the lug as shown below, check the Radi us box and give a value, if the box is checked
and no value is given the default value of 50 will be used.

Radi us > 0 means, that the edge of the lug is part of the contour along the trace of the profile.

Radi us < 0 means that the contour will pass perpendicularly across the trace of the profile.

If the Radi us is not set, no lug is produced.
M1: Controls the overlap.

M1 > 0 means that the contour will be parallel to the intersecting plane.

M1 < 0 means that the contour is perpendicular to the profile.

If M1 is checked and no value is given the default value of 50 will be used.











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M2: Controls the distance from the intersecting plane; it is the distance from
the intersecting plane to the intersecting point between the contour and the
profile edge.









M3: Controls the overlap in the direction of the
profile; the overlap is calculated along the
edge of the profile.

M3 < 5 is interpreted as a factor, giving the
actual overlap M3*H, where H is the profile
height.

If neither M2 nor M3 are given, then M3 = 1.5
will be used as default.

In calculating the overlap, the endcut of the
profile will be taken into consideration.

The use of M2 and M3 is mutually exclusive. Normally M3 will be used.

M4: Has a different meaning for a contour with and without a lug:

Wi th a l ug:

M4 > 0: is interpreted as the distance from the intersecting plane to the
knuckle of the contour at the lug.
M4 < 0: is interpreted as the distance along the profile trace from the profile
end to the starting point of the arc at the lug.





Wi thout a l ug:

M4 is the distance in the intersection plane between the profile trace and
the resulting contour.










The default value of M4 is dependent on the angle ( x )
between the profile trace and the intersecting plane:
x < 110 degrees: M4 = 10
x >= 110 degrees: M4 = 75
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13.5 Free options

This option is used when one of the limits is
'free', i.e. not directly abutting any limiting
element, typically the side between the arms
of a bracket.

The Free Side Syntax is a variant of the
Normal Syntax, that allows the definition of
the free side by parameters, lengths etc. In
the Boundary statement, one boundary can
be controlled by lengths of surrounding
boundaries and with some measurements
and radii.







13.5.1 Make Free

In case, the boundaries (not including free si de) do not form a closed contour,
then a <preliminary_boundary>must be given, generally by a line.
In the example opposite, the free side is boundary 2 and the boundaries 1 and
3 do not form a closed contour. Thus, a <preliminary_boundary>must be
defined for boundary 2.

Create the panel as normal.

From the boundary wizard click the Li ne option, check the two points option
then click Indi cate. Indicate an approximate line the free edge will take. After indicating you will be returned
to the boundary options, click MAKE FREE to convert the Li ne element to be the free limit. The Li mit tab
displays the coordinates of the indicated points (these may be edited if necessary). The Free si de tab allows
for selection of 3 contour types which are illustrated on the form.

The values assigned to each variable are shown below:

M1 / M2: height / length of toe.

R1 / R2: is the radius of toe.

V1 : Is the inclination in the positive direction of arc 1 relative to the preceding segment, measured in the
counter-clockwise direction.

V2 : Is the inclination in the negative direction of arc 2 relative to the following segment, measured in the
clockwise direction from the previous to the next boundary.
The direction (anticlockwise) of the boundary will determine which end is considered end 1 (e.g.
M1,V1,R1, and Length of previous boundary in the input form).

Default value for knuckles: M = 0 V = 80 grad, M > 0 V = 0 grad
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In this example, the free side was indicated as shown below left and the Free side form completed for Type
1 as shown. The surface and intersecting panel options were used to define the adjacent limits. The results
were as shown below right:

In this example, the free side was indicated as shown below left and the Free side form completed for Type
2 as shown. The surface and intersecting panel options were used to define the adjacent limits. The results
were as shown below right:
In this example, the free side was indicated as shown below left and the Free side form completed for Type
3 as shown. The surface and intersecting panel options were used to define the adjacent limits. The results
were as shown below right:
13.5.1.1

In case a boundary of type Profi le crossecti on is the
previous or next
the height of an intersecting profile section.






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Using the values shown in the form for the free side, when all the panel boundaries have been completed
click OK. The panel boundaries will be displayed on the screen and you will be returned to the Choose
statement form. An example of input used and results are shown below:













The line used to generate the free side should intersect the profile crossection. The value of M1 will be
determined by the system. The value 25 is the result of Length of previ ous boundary H-25.

13.5.1.2

In a case where the boundary of type Overl ap profi le is

or next

H is the length of the contour between the two end
points A and B in the figures opposite.











13.5.2 Insert Free (no line added)

The preliminary boundaries must form a closed contour according to the same rules as for normal panel. If
the boundaries excluding the free side fulfil this requirement, then the free side can be inserted into the
boundary statement. Select the limit statement that precedes the free side and click INSERT FREE
In the example below, the free si de is boundary 3. Boundaries 1, 2, 4 and 5 form a closed preliminary
contour. No preliminary definition is given for boundary 3.











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Create the panel as normal.

From the boundary wizard define the closed
contour with limits 1,2,4, & 5 (as shown in the
sketch on the previous page). Move the cursor
onto the wizard entry defining boundary for
limit 2 and click INSERT FREE.



The FREE SIDE menu is displayed, it allows
for selection of 3 contour types which are
illustrated on the form, (these are the same
options as displayed for MAKE FREE, the
variables are also the same).




Complete the options to suit the contour you
wish to generate. The input shown on the form
below, resulted in the web frame shown below
right.















When all boundaries are defined, click OK.
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Exercise 10

1. Use the drawing EXERCISE-01. Use the view at FR117.

2. Create a new panel M211-FR117-1.

3. Create the following panel shown below left, use the MAKE FREE Type 1. Add 12 thk plate,
quality A.

4. Edit the panel to form the new contour using Type 2, using the dimensions shown below centre.

5. Edit the panel to form the new contour using Type 3, using the dimensions shown below right.





6. Delete the previous panel and create a new panel M211-FR117-1 to appear as shown below:




























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13.6 Swages (Swedges)

Plate surfaces in ships must normally be stiffened for reinforcement and to prevent buckling. The normal
way of doing this is to weld stiffeners to the plate. Another means of getting the same result is to corrugate
the plate surfaces.

There are two principal types of corrugations: large-size knuckling, often used in bulkheads in tanks
(corrugated bulkheads), and smaller, stiffener-like corrugations, often used in superstructures. The latter
type is in AVEVA Marine called swagi ng.

All the characteristics of a customer's swaging are kept in a so-called swagi ng obj ect, which should be
stored in the hull structure data bank (SB_OGDB). The name of this object can be selected freely but it must
be given as an ip or default parameter in modules where the swaging is used, e.g. in Planar Modelling,
Automatic Plane Part Generation (ppanparts), etc. The swaging object can be created in a subfunction of
the module from an input file e.g. sbh_swedge_obj.dat in the def directory of the MTPproject.


The format of the swaging object
input file is described in the User
Guides AVEVA Marine / Hull Detailed
Design / Hull Initialisation / Initialisation
Utility Program / Knuckled Pieces /
Swaging Object, Create.


Definition of the swaging object is
covered in Project Administration (Hull)
training course.

13.6.1 Defining a swage

Create / activate the panel to which you wish to add swages. Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Create then
select the Swaging option, the following form will be displayed:
Paral lel l imi t: Click then select a limit to define the
start position for swaging.

Al ong l ine: Key a start position along one of the
principle axis or click and select a position on the
screen. Input form shown on next page showing required
input.

Type: Swage type In the range 100 to 110 as defined by
the Hull Manager.

Side: The direction of the swages relative to the plane of
the panel.

Col our: Colour to display the swages.

Di stance: The position of the first swage in relation to
the limit.

Parti tion: Spacing between swages.

Number: Number of swages to be created.

Comment: Text to be added to the scheme file.
Mould l ine: The limit or line identified at step 1.
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Exercise 11

1. Use the drawing EXERCISE-01. Create a panel M204-LP1_2, at elevation 600 off CL. use 12thk. plate,
quality A. Add swages type 100, Height 100 and 800 partition / distance on the starboard side of the
bulkhead.



2. Store & skip the panel.

3. Use insert model to view the result of the swage panel.





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13.7 Knuckled Panels

Plane panels are by definition planar, i.e. their plates must be located in one plane. Knuckled panels
(including corrugated panels) are special in the sense that they may contain plates that are located in more
than one plane.

AVEVA Marine handles this type of panel by allowing individual parts of a knuckled panel that are located in
different planes to be generated as individual panels. These panels are then collected into a knuckled panel
and connected to each other for automatic extraction of parts across the knuckles.

The knuckled main panel is inserted into the hull structure like all other panels. The sub-panels are not
referenced directly from the block but only indirectly via the main panel.

The parts to be knuckled are bent by a bending tool. The characteristics of the bending tool, like radius and
stretching compensations, may be set up in the knuckle control fi l e (SBH_KNUCKLE_CTRL). This file
contains a definition of connection codes (and corresponding bending radii and compensations).

The format of the knuckle control file is described in AVEVA Marine User Guide, Hull Detailed Design,
Set up and Customisation, Knuckled Pieces and Swages, Handling of Knuckled Panels, Control of
Bending Characteristics is covered in the Hull Admin training course.
Knuckled panels may contain stiffeners, holes, etc. like all other panels. These components must be
generated on the sub-panels.
The position numbers of the combined plates will be fetched from the (first of the) sub-panel plate parts
that are combined to the knuckled part.

13.7.1 Creating Knuckle panels using ordinary panels

Create the panels to be connected as Panel t ype Ordi nary. When all detailing (holes, notches, stiffeners
etc.) have been added to all involved panels, and the same plate thickness applied to each of the panels,
Appl y and Deactivate, then Save Work. You can now create the knuckled panel.

Ensure that suitable views exist in the current drawing of all of the
panels to be selected, select Planar Hull > Panel > Knuckl ed.

The Message line prompts

Select each of the panels in
sequence, then click OC.

The following menu is
displayed:

It shows the names of the
Panel s to be connected.

Knuckled Panel Name: The
name the new combined
panel.

Bl ock Name: Select the
block from the drop down list.

Bending Type: The reference to the bending code in the knuckle control file, select from the drop down list.

When the form has been completed click OK, the panels will now be connected with the defined radius
between adjoining panels.

For modification of knuckle-panels COM_KNU_SELECT should be set to ASK in the modelling default file to
allow the user to select whether the main or indicated sub panel should be modified.
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Exercise 12

1. Using a New Drawing, Create the knuckled panel shown below, valid for Port side. Use 12 thk plate,
thickness aft.

Add any additional features, holes, cutouts, notches, etc before creating the knuckled main panel.
Use the default connection code between the panels.

To produce the angled panels, 3 point views will need to be created, using the ref. positions below.


















































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13.8 Bracket panels

Brackets are normally generated as standard directly on the panel. However, sometimes the brackets are so
special that they cannot be defined as standard. Then they can be generated as bracket panels, using all
the tools for available for panel generation.

Bracket panels can then be used as brackets in ordinary panels, in all blocks throughout the project.
A bracket panel can either be modeled in its final location or it may be a general bracket panel that will be
used in many locations, in a plane centred on its origin.

To be able to create a bracket panel the user must have write access to the standards db STDWLD.

13.8.1 Creating a Bracket Panel

Start the function Planar Hull > Model > Create and click OC

Choose Panel type: Bra

Complete the rest of the form. The naming of
bracket panels is free. It is not recommended to
include the block name in a bracket panel name,
as bracket panels do not need to belong to any
specific block.

Create the remaining bracket panel components (boundary, plate, etc.) as has been covered previously.
A bracket panel can optionally contain stiffener(s) and/or flange(s).

Bracket panels can also be used for items such as collars, pads, diamond plates, etc.

13.8.2 Add a Bracket Panel to an Ordinary Panel

Assuming the relevant panel is active, start the function Planar Hul l > Model > Create.

Select the Bracket option. The following menu will
appear:

Select R. Panel Bracket Ref. The following menu
will appear:














Key in the Name of the previously defined bracket panel.

Set contour: an arbitrary closed contour can be selected to form
the bracket panel contour, some restrictions apply to this type of
bracket.

They are not topological, i.e. they will not adapt to changes of
the environment.
They cannot be stiffened.
They cannot have notches and cutouts (unless made part of
the closed contour from the beginning).
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Designati on: When a type standard bracket is generated and stored in the panel, the bracket will get a
designation from which some details about the generated bracket can be figured out.

Thi ckness: Key in the plate thickness.

Material si de: Direction of the plate thickness.

Qual ity: Material quality to be used.
Placement:

As Stored - select to define the bracket placement identical to the position where the bracket panel has
been generated.

Move - used to move a bracket from the position where it has been generated.
The numbers assigned to X, Y and Z respectively, define a vector along which the bracket will be moved
relative to the position where it has been generated. A left-out keyword means that the corresponding vector
component is 0.

Transform - the bracket is located in space by three points assigned to ORI, UAX and VAX in the same way
as described in the PANEL statement.

The system will prompt 'Indicate vi ew'. Click once on the view to be used to define the plane of the resulting
bracket.

The system will prompt 'Define origo Cursor posi ti on'. The system is now looking for an indication to
define the origin of the resulting bracket.

The system will prompt 'Define U-axi s Cursor posi ti on'. The system requires a point along which to
project the positive U axis of the bracket.

The system will prompt 'Define V-axi s Cursor posi tion'. The system requires a point along which to
project the positive V axis of the bracket.

The following question is then displayed,
click No.

You will be returned to the bracket form,
click Create.

The system will now display the resulting bracket on the screen in all relevant views and return to the
Bracket menu.

Ori go is
-ordinate system.

13.9 Backdrop

When creating a general bracket panel, it is often not possible to create a symbolic view in which to model
the panel. The solution to this is to use the backdrop function.

First create a new drawing without a drawing form and draw the required geometry based on the local origin.


Note: To create the boundary of a panel there must be at least two contours e.g. a circular plate would
be created from two semi circles. Also, when creating the panel the view option will not be available if a
backdrop has been used to create the boundary. Use X,Y, or Z using 0 as the co-ordinate for the plane of
the panel in these instances.


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Select Tools > Backdrop and indicate the view to attach the backdrop to. In this instance we are creating a
circular pad made up of two semi-circular segments. Select the view containing the geometry.










Choose the required orientation of the view.













The system will prompt Defi ne r . Indicate the origin of the geometry
using any of the 2D point modes. (If you have created a point at the origin, the existing point option may be
appropriate).






The system will then prompt Define . Key in co-ordinate value x, y, z
(Note this should be in relation to the aft perp 0,0,0 ), click OK.










Define the scale of the current view (default shown below). Click OK.









13.10 Delete Bracket Panel

If it is necessary to delete a Bracket Panel, create a view with only the bracket panel in it. E.g. its original
creation plane. Select Planar Hul l > Panel > Del ete

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Exercise 13


1. Create a bracket panel PAD1, centred on the global origin with the
U-axis oriented along the X axis and the V-axis along the Y axis.
Draw the geometry then use backdrop.






2. Start a new drawing and create a second bracket panel INSERT1,
create the contour shown below left. Chain the elements and then
mirror vertically to create the shape shown below right. Use the Z-Y
plane for the orientation, use transform when positioning. (You would normally use the X-Y plane for
bracket panels that will be placed in plan views).

3. Use the bracket panel PAD1 on the panel M211-DK2, use the Move option for placement, give the
position FR113, LP12 & LP32+15. material side TOP. Repeat this
for the stb side, panel M212-DK2. Position FR113, LP-12 & LP32+15.

4. Use the bracket panel INSERT1 at the deck panel M104-DK1, use the Transform option for placement.
Use the intersection point between FR113 and the stiffener at LP12 as the origin, use the web at FR113
as the U-axis and the stiffener at LP12 as the V-axis. The plat
side BOT. Repeat this for the stb side,

Modify the Z position in the Sel ected References box to align with the bottom of the girder.

5. Select panel M104-TB13_2 and modify the flange detail, adjust the flange to finish at INSERT 1 panel
bracket and create an additional flange to complete the panel.
(The bracket panels should appear as shown below, including the adjusted flange)















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13.11 Pillars

In principle, all profile types may be used for pillars of those noted in the Hull Standards. The location of the
description line (i.e. the position of the location point in the profile section) and the symmetry line is individual
to each profile type. Below, they are depicted for the profile types that are normally used for pillars.

A pillar, built up by plate parts, must be generated as panels.




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Stiffeners and flanges are normally orientated by the plate surface they are welded to. Pillars are "free" and
must therefore be oriented by the user explicitly to a larger extent. It is the orientation in space of the
symmetry plane (or line) that is defined.

Select Pl anar Hul l > Model > Creat e pick the panel then
click the Pil lar option.

The Pi ll ar form will be displayed:

Model tab:

Type: Select the profile type to define the pillar.

Di m: The dimensions of the pillar profile.

Material si de: Direction of the thickness of the material from
the mould line.

Valid for: Where symmetrical panels have been defined,
used to specify where the pillar should be added.

Qual ity: The material quality of the pillar section.

No: Pillar number, will be automatically added by the system
if not defined.


Mould Line:
1. Li ne and restri ctions: The pillar is defined by a line that is supposed to be parallel to any of the
coordinate
axes; this line can then in different ways be restricted to give the actual extension of the pillar. Input form
shown opposite:
Select the co-ordinate axis e.g. XY as shown and key in the co-ordinates, or click and indicate a position
in the drawing.

Symmet ry l ine: See previous page for symmetry directions for different profile types used as pillars.
If the pillar is unsymmetrical (T-bar, I-bar, etc.), the orientation can be changed using one of the 3 options
below:

Main di rections: The symmetry line is directed along one of the main directions of the ship.
Angl e: The symmetry line has a given angle to the u-axis in the uv-plane of the panel.
Addi tional point: The symmetry line is between the location point and a given extra point.

End 1:

End type: End position of end 1 determined by one of the following methods:

1 One-coord. pl ane: The pillar will end when its mould line intersects with a given principal plane.

Select a plane, then key in a co-ordinate, or click
and select a position in the drawing.


2 Named plane: The pillar will end when its mould line intersects with a defined plane.

Key in the name of the stored plane.




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3 Other panel: The pillar will end when its mould line intersects with a specified panel.

Key in the panel name or click and indicate the panel in the
drawing.

Reflected: Where the panel is symmetrical and the starboard
panel should be used.


4 Curr panel : The pillar will end when its mould line intersects the current panel plane.

5 Fl ange on other panel : The pillar will end when its mould line connects with specified intersecting flange
on another panel.

Click and indicate the panel in the drawing.


Repeat for End2.

2. By end poi nts: Pillar defined by explicitly defining the position in space of the end points; this is the only
option when the pillar is not parallel to any of the coordinate axes.

All other inputs as for Line and restrictions.

End 1:
Key in the co-ordinates, or click and indicate a position
in the drawing.

End 2: as End 1







Properties tab:

End 1:

Connecti on: Connection code at end 1

End: Endcut code for end 1

Cut par: Additional parameters to define the endcut.

End 2: As End 1


Col our: Colour to be applied to the pillar.

Pos No: Position number of pillar, same number will be
used for P&S symmetric pillars unless S Pos is defined.






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Production tab:

Bevel:
End 1 Web: Bevel to be applied to web at end 1. Click
to select a valid bevel code.
End 1 Fl a: Bevel to be applied to flange at end 1. Click
to select a valid bevel code.

End 2 Web: & End 2 Fl a: As End1

Excess: Excess at End 1 and End 2.

Gap: Gap at End 1 and End 2.

Part Nami ng:

General Purpose:
Additional information can be added to assist with the
assembly process.
(Use setting SBH_AN_POSNO to activate)

Destination: Destination locations as set by the Hull
Manager.

Surf treatm: Surface Treatments as set by the Hull
Manager.

Functi onal: Functional description.






The General Stri ngs tab:

Additional General Purpose Strings









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Exercise 14

1. Use the drawing EXERCISE-01. Add a pillar at LP12 and LP-12, limited by the bracket panels INSERT1
and PAD1.

2. Add 300(A)*200(B)*10 thk bracket, syntax 8, type KL with a 35 rad notch to each side of the pillar as
shown in below.


























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14 Panel Topology function

This function can be used to visualise the dependencies between model objects using the topology
information within the plane panel as a basis. Given a model object both the objects defining it and the
objects depending on it can be shown.

Furthermore the objects shown can be listed and activated (only plane panels). Once the plane panels are
activated they can be e.g. regenerated to adapt to any changes in the defining objects using the Recreate
function described above.

Multiple objects can be given initially and the resulting objects can be used as a new initiation. This means
that the dependencies can be visualised repeatedly, level-by-level. To benefit from this function the model
must be created using topological references rather than pure coordinates whenever possible.

Also other objects than plane panels can be picked initially, provided that they are used in the definition of a
panel. This is valid for e.g. shell curves and surfaces.

Select Pl anar Hul l > Panel > Topol ogy and system will prompt 'Indi cate panel ' select the panel on
screen (the panel will be highlighted) or click the Options button and key in the panel name. Now the
system will display the following menu:

1 Dependent pri mary: Show dependent panels at first level

2 Dependent al l: Show dependent panels at all levels

3 Defi ni ng: Highlights all curves and panels used to define panel elements
(see figure below)

4 Li st names: Lists topol ogi cal references (see opposi te):

5 Acti vate: Activate dependent panels

6 Undo: Undo last choice

7 Cleanup: Clears the current selection ready for another panel to be selected.





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Exercise 15

Display all primary topological relationships of one of the panels created from section frm113.
Activate and recreate dependent panels and recreate the views where necessary.


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Appendix 1

Data Types:

Transverse plane panel s, data t ype 100-199
101 Bottom web in the side tank
102 Web towards the shell, sideweb
103 Deckweb, in the side tank
104 Web towards the longitudinal bulkhead
105 Crossbeam
106 Web under platform in the side
107 Web under platforms, machine room side
111 Web under forecastel deck
121 Bottom web in the centre tank
123 Deck web in the centre tank
126 Web under platforms in the centre part
131 Bottom web in the fore peak
141 Floor without continous stiffener
142 Floor with continous stiffener
151 Oil tight bulkhead in the side tank, lower part
152 Oil tight bulkhead in the side tank, middle part
153 Oil tight bulkhead in the side tank, upper part
154 Oil tight bulkhead in the side tank, shell part
(if the upper part is missing, then use data type 152)
155 Bulkhead in machine room in the side
171 Oil tight bulkhead in the centre tank, lower part
172 Oil tight bulkhead in the centre tank, middle part
173 Oil tight bulkhead in the centre tank, upper part
(if the upper part is missing, then use data type 172)
181 Wash bulkhead

Longitudi nal verti cal pl ane panel s, data t ype 201-299
201 Longitudinal bulkhead, lower part
202 Longitudinal bulkhead, upper par
211 Bulkhead web in the side tank, lower part
212 Bulkhead web in the side tank, upper part
221 Bulkhead web in the centre tank
241 Bottom girder, continous
242 Deck girder, continous
243 Bottom girder, intercostal
244 Deck girder, intercostal
245 Girder under platform (longitudinal)
246 Sides in the rudder horn (longitudinal vertical panels)

Longitudi nal hori zontal plane panel s, data type 300-399
301 Stringer in the side tank
311 Stringer in the centre tank
341 Horizontal panels in the rudder horn
350 Tank top
360 Platform in the machine room

Other hul l parts plane panel s, data type 400-499
401 Bow frame, lower part
451 Small details under tank top
452 Speciel details, i.e. bracket panels
490 Upper deck, plane
495 Forecastle deck


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Curved panels, data type 500-599
500 Shell
520 Deck

Superstructure pl ane panels, data type 800-899
810 Deckhouse, longitudinal boundary bulkhead
820 Deckhouse, transversal boundary bulkhead
830 Deckhouse, deck
840 Accommodation details, deckhouse, bulkheads

Mi scel laneous special panel s
957 Free brackets
999 Rudder

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