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Melise Tug
Professor Jarvis
July 21 2014
Class/Section FHS-1500-Su14
Name Melise Tug
Assignment U5 Observation 4 (13-18 years old)

Childs age: 16
Pseudonym: Sarah
Location: My Home
Brief description: Sarah is a friend of my 16 year old cousin, Sarah came over with my
cousin and we discussed some of the topic ideas while my cousin sat with
us and listened to music, so Sarah would feel more comfortable.

Physical Development:
Sarah is 16 years old, and is very physically developed for her age. She is slightly
overweight, fairly normal for her age and genes (she is half Polynesian), and has already gone
through her growth spurt mentioned in our text as an uneven jump in the size of almost every
body part (Berger, 2014, p.326). In our book it states that heavier girls reach menarche years
earlier than malnourished ones do (Berger, 2014, p. 323), which is true for Sarah as she
commented on the start of her period as one of the biggest physical changes, she also commented
that her periods were extremely long and painful, which Im sure is also related to her weight and
genes. Sarah also talked about how her physical changes in weight and development affected her
body image- or a persons idea of how his or her body looks (Berger, 2014, p. 328), she noted
that she was troubled for a while and didnt like her body because she compared herself to the
other girls she went to school with and the girls on television. Sarah went on to say that her body
image still isnt the greatest, but she is striving to focus on her non-physical talents and beauty,
and improve her self esteem.
Intellection/Cognitive Development
Sarah seemed to me to be quite intellectual and developed very well cognitively. She
stayed focused on the questions and answered with clarity, not straying from the topic too much
or getting distracted. During our interview it seemed to me like Sarah mainly used the Analytical
thought process, defined in our reading as formal, logical, and hypothetical-deductive thinking. It
involves rational analysis to many factors (Berger, 2014, p. 338). For example, I asked Sarah if
she had ever been a victim of bullying or cyberbullying. She thought for a moment then listed
some experiences had by friends for various reasons and how they in turn dealt with how it
affected them. She commented saying that cyberbullying- any bullying that uses technology
(Berger, 2014, p.343) is common. She thinks that it is easier to target people when you arent
face to face, and that the power of words is easily used on social media to create drama. When I
asked Sarah about college she seemed excited to talk about her future in education. She wants to
become an elementary school teacher and is looking forward to going off to college! Sarah
showed a lot of maturity and intelligence while she talked excitedly about her future plans. She
did not seem to follow the norm of drifting through ideas of vocations as stated in our text.
Social/ Emotional Development
I asked Sarah what the biggest changes in responsibilities has been for her. She stated that
having a car and a job were huge changes, but most of all, learning how to handle her own
money was the most challenging. I asked Sarah about her friends and how she chooses them, and
she responded by saying that she only hangs out with people that she knows share her moral
standings. This choice puts Sarah far from the dangers of peer pressure, and makes her peers
helpful rather than harmful because they don't push her to try any drugs, alcohol, or to break the
law (Berger, 2014, p.365). Sarah also noted that she is grateful to have found people who share
her values, because of how easily she sees other kids get into bad habits like smoking or
drinking. Sarah said these behaviors are the biggest moral issue facing her, simply because of
how available and easily obtained these substances are nowadays, and how many kids are getting
into them. Sarah was a very interesting subject to interview and observe. She showed a lot of
maturity and clarity for someone her age, and seemed very focused on her schooling and future.

1)Berger, K. S. (2014). Invitation to the life span (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers