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Like Amavasyas and Purnimas or new and full moon nights, Ekadasis are
important dates of the Hindu calendar owing to the ritual fast that is
observed on these two days of the month. Anhydrous fast, which doesnt
allow drinking water, is the most preferred way to fast on Ekadasi. !uch fasts
should be broken the ne"t morning preferably with milk. #f one cant keep an
anhydrous fast on Ekadasi, they can have only fruits and vegetables, but no
grains. Apart from avoiding taking cereals or meat, many devout Hindus also
abstain from shaving, cutting hair or clipping nails on Ekadasis.
Ekadashi has a special significance among all the Tithis as the Shukla and Krishna Paksha Ekadashis are invariably
observed with Upavaasa, Japa, oma, Pradakshina, Stotra Paatha, !andavat" Pranama and #atri"Jaagaranas followed
by !wadashi$s %rahmana %ho&anas and dakshinas' (haitra Shukla Ekadashi is called )Kamada$ or the *ullfiller of
Purusharthas and Sin"destroyer' +aishakha Shula Ekadashi is known as ),ohini$and Krishna Ekadashi is known as
)+aruthini$ when Purushottama and ,adhusudhana are worshipped' Jyeshtha Krishna Ekadashi is called )-para$ to
worship Trivikrama, whereas the Jyeshtha Shukla is ).ir&ala$ which is observed with fasting without water from dawn to
dusk, and thereafter treat %rahmanas with %ho&an' -shadha Krishna Ekadashi is called )/ogini$and is observed with day"
night fast 0 pu&a and bho&an to %rahmanas on the following !wadashi' -shadha Shukla is )Shayani$Ekadashi, Shravana
Krishna is )Kamika$ Ekadashi, Shravana Shukla is )Putrada$ Ekadashi, %hadrapada Krishna is )-&a$ Ekadashi, %hadrapada
Shukla is )Padma$ Ekadashi, -swin Shukla is )Papankusha$ Ekadashi, -swin Krishna is )1ndira$ Ekadashi, Karik Krishna is
)#ama$ Ekadashi, Kartik Shukla is )Pabodhini$, ,argasirsha Krishna is )Utpanna$ Ekadashi, ,argasirsha Shukla is
),oksha da$ Ekadashi, Pousha Krishna is )Saphala$, Pousha Shukla is )Saphala$, ,agha Krishna is )Shat Tila$ Ekadashi
observed with full penance including Snaana, !aana, Tarpana, avan, Pu&a, fast unto !wadashi %rahmana %ho&an and
dakshina' 2ike"wise, Eakadashis are performed on ,agha Shukla as Jaya, Phalguna Krishna as +i&aya, )-amalki$ on
Phaluna Shukla and )Papamochini$on (haitra Krishna'