under

above, below precise time AT IN IN days ON parts of the day months years seasons since for by

www.mapasmentais.com.br
Este símbolo indica um mapa mental correspondente: One point

beneath, among

nearby

inside

Relative position

beside, behind

ahead of / in front of

off

from

across

through

Relative movement

Spatial relationship

Time/ verbs

Time Extended

from-to from-until during with(in) AT OF

against

along

within

Limits

around

To introduce objects of verbs

OF or ABOUT FOR

IN

Prepositions: Summary

INTO

IN / INTO

Place Destination Direction

Movement toward the interior of something

Point - AT

TO

TOWARD

Physical destination

Purpose

Direction Location
Surface - ON

TO

Permission

Communication

Orientation toward a goal

ON / ONTO

ON

Movement toward a surface

Conteúdo de http://owl.english.purdue.edu Versão 1, 15/10/2002 - Autor: Virgílio Vasconcelos Vilela

Area/volume - IN (enclosed)

www.mapasmentais.com.br
He came FROM the house He came OUT OF the house

He's hiding UNDER the table

writing BELOW the line

writing ABOVE the line

Relative movement

Draw a line ACROSS the page

He is AMONG the trees

He sat BENEATH the tree She went THROUGH the door

a tree NEARBY the house

Relative position Prepositions: Spatial relationship

She leans AGAINST the tree

He is INSIDE the house a lace ALONG the edge of the cloth

The boy is BEHIND the girl The girl is AHEAD OF/IN FRONT OF the boy

Limits
Mark only WITHIN the circle

The girl is standing BESIDE the boy

His hat is OFF

Conteúdo de http://owl.english.purdue.edu Versão 2, 5/10/2002 - Autor: Virgílio Vasconcelos Vilela

a circle AROUND the answer

www.mapasmentais.com.br
precise time AT

One point

My plane leaves AT noon. The movie starts AT 6 p.m. I will see you ON Monday. days ON I will see you IN the afternoon. parts of the day IN The days are long IN August. The book will be published IN 2003. months, years, seasons IN The flowers will bloom IN spring. SINCE FOR

Time
Extended

She has been gone SINCE yesterday. I'm going to Paris FOR two weeks. New president to be named BY Monday. BY 11 new cars will be introduced BY 2003. The movie showed FROM August TO October. FROM-TO The decorations were up FROM spring UNTIL fall. FROM-UNTIL I watch tv DURING the evening. DURING We must finish the project WITHIN a year. WITH(IN)

Prepositions: Time/verbs

To introduce objects of verbs

Conteúdo de http://owl.english.purdue.edu Versão 1, 5/10/2002 - Autor: Virgílio Vasconcelos Vilela

Exception: a glance IN the m irror She took a quick GLANCE AT her reflection. You didn't LAUGH AT his joke. LOOK AT the computer monitor. AT We REJOICED AT his safe rescue. That pretty girl SMILED AT you. Stop STARING AT me. I don't APPROVE OF his speech. My contribution to the article CONSISTS OF many pages. OF He came home SMELLING OF alcohol. I DREAM OF / ABOUT finishing college in four years. OF or ABOUT I amTHINKING OF / ABOUT this problem. Did someone CALL FOR a taxi? He HOPES FOR a raise in salary. I'm LOOKING FOR my keys. FOR We'll WAIT FOR her here. Buy the tickets while I WATCH FOR for the train. I WISH FOR an "A" in this class.

The patient went IN Now what sort of trouble is she IN? IN Our new neighbours moved IN yesterday

www.mapasmentais.com.br

INTO

Movement toward a specific destination TO

"Take me TO the airport, please"

We'll move your brother's old bed INTO your room. What kind of trouble has she gotten herself INTO? Our new neighbors moved INTO the house next door yesterday.

Movement toward the interior of something
Physical destination
General direction, TOWARD without arriving

Said returned TO his apartment

IN / INTO

Bob jumped IN / INTO the pool The patient went IN / INTO the doctor's office

The plane was headed TOWARD the mountain

Prepositions: Direction
Orientation toward a goal

ON / ONTO

Movement toward a surface

ON

Drive TOWARD the city limits and turn north Li Ling washed her dog (in order) TO rid it of fleas Said returned to school Purpose TO TO get his books "to" marks a verb and may be preceded by "in order" consent TO Permission TO refuse TO listen TO speak TO (not tell) TO relate TO Communication in the sense appeal TO of 'plead'

Jean fell ON / ONTO the floor Athena climbed ON / ONTO the back of the truck usually verbs of motion The plane landed ON the runway Sam hung the decoration ON the Christmas tree He placed the package ON the table Joanna spilled her Coke ON the rug Verbs with the idea of something being situated in a certain place

Conteúdo de http://owl.english.purdue.edu - Versão 1, 15/10/2002 - Autor Virgílio Vasconcelos Vilela

There's a new roof ON the house

www.mapasmentais.com.br

Tom is waiting for his sister AT the bank

The frost made patterns ON the window

Place

Sue spent the whole afternoon AT the fair

Three players are playing ON the field

Surface - ON

My car is AT the house

Our house is ON Third Street

We arrived AT the house

Point - AT
Destination

The children are playing IN the street (enclosed by sidewalks)

Prepositions: Location

The waiter was AT our table immediately

The policeman leaped AT the assailant

The house is IN Tippecanoe county

Direction
The dog jumped AT my face

The cows are grazing IN the field

Area/volume - IN (enclosed) Exceptions
Conteúdo de http://owl.english.purdue.edu Versão 2 - 15/10/2002 - Autor: Virgílio Vasconcelos Vilela

A face appeared IN the window

the bus the ship ON the train the plane ON when in motion ON the plane (flying) Possible IN for stationary IN the plane (awaiting takeoff)

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