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State University Jacksonville, AL March 2-March 4, 2011.
Anthropology Paper Abstracts
ANCIENT AQABA: THE FAUNAL REMAINS FROM ROMAN AILA. JONATHAN D. LOWREY, DEPT.
OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, TROY UNIV., TROY, AL 36082
The primary objective involving this paper is to discuss your faunal remains from your ancient town
of Aila, in present-day Aqaba, Jordan. Zooarchaeological studies have been increasingly employed
within the Levant and possess begun to demonstrate the subsistence pattern whereby city-dwellers
depend heavily upon trade along with nomadic pastoralists with regard to food. This specific model
will be particularly prominent in sites close to the Jordan River Valley along with Wadi Araba. This is
evidenced in the faunal remains via Aila, the location exactly where the remains coming from
significant herds of goats are generally found, however the environment is as well xeric xerÂ·icÂ Â
Of, characterized by, as well as adapted to a very dry habitat.
xer iÂ·calÂ·ly adv. Â to possess supported them. another objective involving this paper would always
be to discover Aila's position within the nearby economy from the zooarchaeological perspective.
The Particular faunal remains were identified through looking at morphological features to end up
being able to Troy School (Troy, AL) Archaeological research Center's comparative bone collection.
Remains had been further analyzed through relative age (harvest profiles) and also skeletal parts
according to analytical classes (carcass part distributions). These types of techniques had been
employed in studying your faunal remains through Aila. To End Up Being Able To discover Aila's
situation within its region, a new number of historical, ethnographic, and also archaeological
sources had been cited. These, together with geographic as well as environmental information, were
chosen throughout suggesting likely origins of Aila's goats and the significance of nomadic pastoral
trade inside the region.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS AT OLD CAHAWBA SUMMER 2010: TRACKING MABILA. JOHN
M. BARBAREE, DEPT. OF SOCIAL SCIENCE/ANTHROPOLOGY, TROY UNIVERSITY TROY, AL
The web site of Outdated Cahawba offers lengthy been suspected like a potential location for your
aboriginal city associated with Mabila where Hernado DeSoto had an epic fight with Native
Americans. However, no verifiable evidence through Cahawba has been located there. in the
particular 1850's, any mass grave was discovered throughout Outdated Cahawba town, which may
get predated the actual 1800's, as well as potentially become related with the DeSoto Expedition.
Based off of your clue from an 1850's newspaper article, Troy university Archaeological Analysis
center conducted an excavation in an make an effort to relocate the particular reported mass grave.
Negative outcomes are even now outcomes which paper presents the findings.
DENTAL DIMORPHISM dimorphismÂ /diÂ·morÂ·phism/ (di-morÂ´fizm) the caliber of active in 2
1. physical or perhaps behavioral differences related together with sex. Â AND SEXUAL
IDENTIFICATION IN FOSSIL PAPIONINS. CURTIS C SCHULTZ AND JASON Jason, inside Greek
Jason,Â in Greek mythology, son involving Aeson. When Pelias usurped your throne associated with
Iolcus as well as killed (or imprisoned) Aeson along with most of his descendants, Jason ended up
being smuggled off towards the centaur Chiron, which reared him secretly on Mt. Pelion. Â L
HEATON, BIRMINGHAM-SOUTHERN COLLEGE. TROY UNIV., TROY, AL 36082
In the past, non-human primates are already used with some success to become able to infer the
mode along with tempo of fossil hominid (i.e. human) evolution. This kind of analysis was performed
in order to become able to determine whether craniodental measurements could be utilized to
predict sex in papionins and also therefore, possibly applied to end up being able to fragmentary
fossil specimens involving closely related taxa. Information (242 craniodental measures) had been
collected on 120 specimens from your Florida Museum involving natural History the Florida
Museum of Organic History can be found in the School of Florida campus in Gainesville, Florida,
USA. That displays exhibits about the flora, fauna, the ones of Florida. The Actual major museum will
be free from cost (but requests a new donation). Â and the National Museum involving natural
History (Smithsonian Institution). This specific analysis targeted upon discovering these dental
features in which could be the majority of sexually dimorphic dimorphic
see dimorphic fungus.
Â among extant species. That has been established in which features related to be able to canine
size--lower premolar premolarÂ /preÂ·moÂ·lar/ (P) (-moÂ´ler)
1. notice beneath tooth.
2. situated facing your molar teeth.
n. Â flange duration and also upper diastema--might end up being very best in predicting sex.
Additionally, two extant taxa, Lophocebus as well as Papio, had been chosen for further
comprehensive analyses, as they're considered to become the particular teams most comparable in
proportions along with phylogeny towards the South African fossil species to become predicted.
results showed that regarding large-bodied taxa (e.g. Papio) predictions were possible although
inside the case involving smaller sized taxa (e.g. Lophocebus), the low level of dimorphism made
predictions tenuous. Perhaps when adjusted with regard to body dimension (i.e. allometric
The study in the alternation in proportion of a variety of parts of an organism like a consequence
al ) differences, the final results were your same--predictions had been great for large taxa with
higher levels of dimorphism. Our outcomes may have wide ranging implications pertaining to
biodiversity through the Plio-Pleistocene in South Africa along with consequences with regard to
primate (and potentially hominid) evolution during this period.
ETHNOARCHAEOLOGY Ethnoarchaeology may become the ethnographic study regarding peoples
pertaining to archaeological reasons, usually concentrating around the material remains of the
society, as opposed to its culture. Ethnoarchaeology aids archaeologists inside reconstructing
ancient lifeways by simply studying the fabric as well as non-material Â OF FIRE FEATURES AND
RITUAL IN FIJI'S LAU GROUP. MALLORY MESSERSMITH AND SHARYN R. JONES, DEPT. OF
ANTHROPOLOGY, UNIV. OF ALA. AT BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, AL 35205.
Food, cooking, and also consuming possess always played any prominent and also integral role
within Fijian society, particularly within the classical Lau Team regarding eastern Fiji. This
particular project examines a couple of central options that will arrive with Lauan cooking, the
hearth and also the earth oven. We collected information throughout a couple of consecutive
summers at a NSF REU fieldschool around the island associated with Nayau, Lau Group, Fiji. We
designed a hypothesis for distinguishing among these 2 kinds of features in the archaeological
record, utilizing archaeological, ethnographic, and also historical data. Each feature kinds are
similar in form and also contents, and so hard to distinguish via 1 another. Utilizing an
ethnoarchaeological approach, we devised a quantity of testable criteria pertaining to distinguishing
the 2 features: dimensions, depth, quantity associated with fire-cracked rock, and location compared
to household structures. Your project furthermore examines an unusual case study of a fire feature
via a web site on Nayau. Even though the actual feature is suspected being an earth oven, there get
been several anomalies when in contrast towards the criteria regarding classification defined in this
project. We furthermore examine evidence with regard to possible uses involving this feature, such
as ethnographic, historical, as well as archaeological data in which might point out a ritualistic or
perhaps ceremonial purpose. Historical accounts of the region directly next European get within
touch with point to the use associated with earth ovens within association using rituals, including
cannibalistic practices. Although these rituals are no longer practiced, analysis regarding suspected
ritual features as well as comparison with ethnographic parallels of daily fire features can easily aid
within the recognition associated with ritual sites.
GATED COMMUNITIES: INSTITUTIONALIZING SOCIAL STRATIFICATION. L.JOE MORGAN,
PHYSICIAL AND EARTH SCIENCES, JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY Jacksonville State School
is really a public university or college serving Northeast Alabama on a 459Â acreÂ (0Â km)Â campus
together with 58 buildings throughout Jacksonville, Alabama that is inside the Appalachian foothills
involving northeast Alabama. . 700 N. PELHAM, ROOM 213 MARTIN HALL, JACKSONVILLE,
The concept along with progression of "gated communities" as well as / as well as privatized areas is
becoming much more pronounced throughout recent years. These kinds of developments have got
generated a significant quantity of curiosity in academic communities. Many theories and
evaluations have got begun to surface covering the range of considerations coming from social
inequality to quasi-government organizations providing solutions and also infrastructure for their
particular development. With current you can easily find the limited number of empirical studies.
Theories still within development provide a selection of perspectives pertaining to consideration.
The Particular foci for the nearly all recent studies range coming from an elevated concern
regarding metropolitan fragmentation in order to political incorporation. Socio-economic as well as
demographic segmentation and also segregation continues for you to be suggested as resulting
inside a further fragmented social structure. That is believed this process can be exacerbating social
ills through creating pockets involving economic, cultural, and also social within-group homogeneity.
They are causing social, cultural, as well as structural dissimilarities among communities.
Conversely, ideals involving geopolitical public/private utopian partnerships in which reduce crime
as well as boost safety although holding down public infrastructural costs, as well as enhancing tax
revenues by simply increasing property values happen to be indicated as positive results. Neither of
those extremes needs in order to be overlooked but a significant outcome is definitely an increased
stratification involving society. Residential enclavism continues to be reinforced according to any
number of variables, including income, social status, race, ethnicity, and anxiety about crime and/or
the particular criminal element.
HISTORIC CREEK INDIAN OCCUPATIONS ALONG EUPHABEE CREEK, MACON COUNTY,
ALABAMA Macon County is actually a county in the U.S. state involving Alabama. Its title is at honor
of Nathaniel Macon, a person in the particular United States of America Senate from North Carolina.
While regarding 2000 the population was 24,105. Its county seat is Tuskegee. . KELLY M. ERVIN,
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHY, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, ALABAMA
A current cultural useful resource survey conducted throughout Macon County, Alabama by simply
Auburn College identified 2 previously unidentified archaeological websites (1MC203 as well as
1MC204) along Euphabee Creek. An analysis associated with ceramics recovered throughout the
survey suggested both web sites had been with the early Historic Creek Tallapoosa phase (1715-
1813) characteristic towards the Tallapoosa River Valley. Your Alabama State Website Files at
Moundville document any quantity of Historic Creek sites found alongside Euphabee Creek. Your
latest identification of those archaeological web sites together with palynological information
through sediment cores taken from the USGS provide evidence in order to demonstrate an
important Creek Indian occupation of the Euphabee Creek drainage system, as well as further verify
ethnohistorical accounts of the Creeks abandoning main towns as well as shifting up the actual
Euphabee Creek Valley.
HOPE HULL: AN INCIPIENT CHIEFDOM ALONG THE LOWER TALLAPOOSA RIVER VALLEY.
HAMILTON H. BRYANT III AND JOHN W. COTTIER CotÂ´ti`erÂ Â Â
n. 1. Within great Britain along with Ireland, an individual who hires a tiny cottage, with or with out
any plot involving land. Cottiers generally aid in the perform of the landlord's farm.
Noun 1. Â PH.D., DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY Noun 1. department regarding sociology - your
academic department accountable for teaching and analysis throughout sociology
academic department - a new division of the school that is responsible for any given subject ,
ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, ALABAMA, 36849.
The Terminal Woodland period associated with central Alabama was obviously a distinctive period
within the prehistory in the Center South. during this time, the rapid as well as pronounced
transformation occurred inside the life ways of indigenous peoples. the Hope Hull complex can end
up being a well established Woodland cultural tradition found along the lower Tallapoosa River
Valley. Subsequent multiple lines of evidence, like fortified villages, maize horticulture, public
structures and also long-distance exchange networks, we posit that the Hope Hull cycle represents
an incipient chiefdom-level society that will coded in situ via local populations.
INTRA-SITE CERAMIC VARIABILITY FROM THE 2010 INVESTIGATIONS AT 1MC25. KATHLEEN
BROWN, ERIN MCKINNEY, AND ANNE DORLAND, DEPT. OF ANTHROPOLOGY, SOCIOLOGY, AND
SOCIAL WORK, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, AL 36849.
Investigations from 1MC25 demonstrate evidence of your Mississippian fortified village overlying
suffocation involving piglets from the sow. The Particular piglets may be weak coming from illness
or perhaps malnutrition, the actual sow might always be clumsy or perhaps ill, the particular pen
may always be inadequate in dimensions or perhaps poorly designed so that piglets can't escape. Â a
Woodland site occupation. the purpose of this research would become to set up any pre-historic
chronology for that web site via identifying ceramics coming from excavation trenches in each north
along with western boundaries. Your intra-site variation corresponding to every as well as every in
the cultural phases can be supported through the outcomes involving this analysis. This specific
website continues in order to be formerly proven as being a predominantly Mississippian site;
however, the final results of our own study indicate in which within a minimum of 1 region there's
more extensive evidence pertaining to Woodland than Mississippian occupation.
INVESTIGATIONS INTO Any MISSISSIPPIAN HOUSE: AN ARCHITECTURAL ANALYSIS OF Any
PREHISTORIC DWELLING. RONALD RONALD Rocketborne Optical Neutral gasoline Analyzer along
with Laser Diodes Â W. WISE JR., AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, AL 36849.
Recent excavations at the Ebert Canebreak website (1MC25) revealed evidence of a prehistoric
domestic structure. Analysis with the recovered material shows that it was the semisubterranean
construction between 36 along with 49 sq . ft . that provides been burned and also collapsed onto
itself This kind of burning preserved considerable impressions of woven cane as well as no much less
than 1 puddled clay hearth. Later, a new 2nd clay hearth ended up being discovered; separate from
your structure, which usually suggests the actual presence of your second creating near exactly the
actual same location. These elements, throughout conjunction with the geographical characteristics
with the surrounding area, reflect the particular set up pattern involving Mississippian sedentism.
PATRICK C. WARING AND THE SEARCH FOR YELLOWSTONE. JOHN W. COTTIER, AUBURN
UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, AL 36849.
In 1859, Patrick C. Waring, a small individual without any scientific experience, was invited to be
any part of the Captain William F. Raynolds expedition to explore the Upper Yellowstone River
country. The Actual manual for that expedition has been the particular legendary mountain man Jim
Bridger. The Actual scientific party also included the actual geologist-naturalist Ferdinand Hayden.
This kind of ambitious mission to locate Yellowstone failed like a result of the brutal early winter,
causing the party to be snow bound in the Deer Creek Agency in modern Wyoming. the youthful part
of the actual expedition had been Patrick C. Waring involving Virginia, whom wrote very sparingly in
his small pocket diary. This kind of is a section of his story for the location considered at the time to
suit your needs to always be "terra incognita inÂ·cogÂ·niÂ·taÂ Â
adv. & adj.
With one's identity disguised or even concealed. used of a woman.
A woman or even girl whose identity is disguised or even concealed. ."
SURVIVOR COSTA MCA, 1942 OR WHEN TRUE WILDERNESS REALITY MEETS FAUX
TELEVISION REALITY. JAMES SEWASTYNOWICZ, DEPT. OF PHYSICAL AND EARTH SCIENCES,
JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIV., JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
The "reality television" craze within the U.S. ended up being mainly an outgrowth with the even now
wildly well-known Survivor series which pits "castaways" against each naturel then one another,
using a prize involving $1 million awarded the winner. Your challenges they will face in the
controlled 'wilderness" environment in which that they they fit in many different ways mimic
individuals faced over half-a-century earlier simply by pioneer settlers of the tropical forest
regarding Pejibaye, Costa Rica. There, the actual stakes had been significantly higher, along with
not only fortune, nevertheless life itself hanging within the balance. This kind of paper examines the
social and also economic strategies employed through those Costa Rican pioneers simply by
researching their gaming behavior in order to those of their particular television counterparts.
TALLADEGA NATIONAL FOREST Central Alabama's Talladega National Forest covers 375,000 acres
(1520Â kmÂ²) in the southern side of your Appalachians.
Before it had been bought through the authorities within the 1930s, the area that will comprises the
actual Talladega has been extensively logged and also represented some of the
Â ARCHAEOLOGICAL DATABASE: GIS AIDS MANAGEMENT. MIRIAM HELEN HILL, DEPT. OF
PHYSICAL AND EARTH SCIENCES, JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIV., JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
The Talladega National Forest at present offers 743 archaeological sites about record which range
from Paleoindian via historic. land and also source management concerns frequently need the
identification of potentially impacted websites along with knowledge with regards to their own
dimension as well as characteristics. Geographic Details Science may provide the needed
information swiftly along with effectively. a spatial database making use of ArcGIS from ESRI is
being compiled that displays the actual site areas either as factors or perhaps as polygons
portraying the particular relative size of the actual site. each web site is linked to the table providing
further data. With Regard To the actual 143 sites investigated through the Archaeology Source
Laboratory at Jacksonville State University, hotlinks during these tables will provide, having a mouse
click, either your comprehensive site map or even the actual report document inside pdf format. This
database draws collectively information which usually formerly are already dispersed and difficult to
access and displays previously unmapped spatial variables. This specific device will facilitate
management selection generating enabling improved territory as well as resource management.
Behavioral as well as Social Sciences Paper Abstracts
UTILIZATION OF LANDSCAPE ARCHAEOLOGY ALONG THE OLD FEDERAL ROAD. MATT
GREENEMEIER, DEPT. OF SOCIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOC. WORK, AUBURN UNIV.,
AUBURN, AL 36849
Building upon your precursors of spatial analyses and broader studies associated with settlement
patterns, the modern utilization involving landscape archaeology can easily identify a lot more
geographically dispersed trends associated with human-environmental adaption along with inter-
cultural interaction. more specifically, inside the examination in the early 19th century old Federal
Highway inside Alabama's Macon and Russell counties, differential usage of advantageous real
estate produced locations involving dispute and also exchange between native along with American
populations. Via the particular correlation of aerial photography using historic period maps,
previously identified archaeological websites can be appreciated via the broader landscape focus, as
well as the localities of recent websites may be predicted, ascertained, along with ultimately
protected regarding long term research. Further implementation regarding GIS methodologies plus
a consultation regarding primary and secondary sources are designed to expand upon cultural
realities regarding rural Alabama within the early 1800s.
A MATTER OF TRUST: a CASE STUDY ON DECISION MAKING UNDER PRESSURE. R. BRYAN
KENNEDY, MICHAEL ESSARY, SUSAN D. HERRING, THOMAS PIEPLOW, AND LINDA SHONESY,
ATHENS STATE UNIVERSITY Athens State University, situated in Athens, Alabama, USA, can
become a two-year upper degree university. Athens State is actually the just real two-year upper
degree university or college inside the state involving Alabama. Thirty-three various majors are
usually agreed to junior as well as senior students. , ATHENS, AL 35611.
This case study addresses a really difficult military selection faced through Fantastic Britain early
inside Globe War II. Discussions of a variety of the extremely delicate problems including possible
alternative approaches which could are already chosen rather than the one selected are usually
presented. Aftermath effects of your decision and also immediate consequences are addressed too
for as long range consequences occurring later on inside the war. The Particular research addresses
the actual universal issue in which it may in addition be necessary for followers to position limitless
have confidence in inside leaders to ensure the goals involving the corporation are usually achieved.
A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF THE FUNDAMENTALIST CARD SORT--PHASE II. SARA
SaraÂ or Sarah,Â in the particular Bible, wife involving Abraham along with mother of Isaac. with
Rebekah, Rachel, and also Leah, she ended up being among the particular 4 Hebrew matriarchs. The
Woman's name had been originally Sarai [Heb.,=princess]. Â M. LAZENBY-BLASINGAME, AMY L.
VOSBURGH, HAZAR SARIGUL, KARLY Any COCHRAN, ASHLEY N. JOHNSON, SARAH SarahÂ or
Sarai:Â see Sara.
(flourished early 2nd millennium BC) Throughout the actual Hebrew scriptures, the wife involving
Abraham and mother regarding Isaac. The Lady has been childless until age 90. Â E. FREED,
RICHARD A. HUDIBURG, AND LARRY W. BATES, DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY
OF NORTH ALABAMA UNA inside nonfiction
Former U.S. Secretary regarding State James Baker, III, stumbled upon the main loved ones
discovery sparked by means of a stop simply by at Florence, where he delivered the particular 2002
annual commencement address at the College regarding North Alabama - a discovery he discusses ,
FLORENCE, AL 35632
In order to decide if religiously taboo images elicit cognitive interference in religious
fundamentalists, seventy nine university students participated in a research in order to decide if
image variances on a modified Wisconsin Card Type The Particular Wisconsin Card Sorting TestÂ®
(WCST) is really a neuropsychological test involving "set-shifting", i.e. the ability to display overall
flexibility in the deal with involving changing schedules involving reinforcement. Method
Initially, a number of stimulus cards tend to be presented to the participant. Â Test affected
performance. These types of images ended up determined simply by prior study as offensive in order
to religious fundamentalists however, not offensive for you to nonfundamentalists. participants
completed the battery involving religious questionnaires by means of a new SurveyMonkey website.
Based about the responses for the Religious Fundamentalism Scale--Revised, any median split was
accustomed to divide the particular taste directly into higher fundamentalism (hiRF) along with
lower fundamentalism (loRF) groups. participants had been assigned randomly to finish both your
Wisconsin Card sort Test, with normal card stimuli, or possibly the Fundamentalist Card sort Test,
together with altered card stimuli. Mixed-design ANOVAs were utilized to compare lo- and also hi-RF
teams across card kind exams regarding time and power to total very first set, total quantity of
errors, unambiguous errors, and also ambiguous errors. Presently there were simply no significant
differences between groups or between tests no interaction effect. Correlational most existing
listings for some other variables are also provided.
FUNERAL LEAVE: A New CASE STUDY ON ATTENDANCE POLICY. R. BRYAN KENNEDY,
MICHAEL ESSARY, SUSAN D. HERRING, LINDA SHONESY, AND TERESA WANBAUGH, ATHENS
STATE UNIVERSITY, ATHENS, AL 35611.
This case study examines your termination of the long term employee regarding failure to fulfill no-
fault work place attendance requirements. The Actual employee had been terminated following
getting depart to strategy and attend the actual funeral of a person who had been simply living in
the employee's home in the period of death. Simply By using these three times of leave, your
employee exceeded your number of days permitted through the attendance policy. Concerns consist
of regardless of whether management had followed the processes set forth in the policy, and
whether the decedent fulfilled the particular meaning of "immediate loved ones member."
NEW TECHNOLOGY, OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING, AND INFLUENCE ON ATTITUDES. R. BRYAN
KENNEDY, SUSAN D. HERRING, JANET DORNING, LAURA LYNN KERNER, LINDA SHONESY,
AND DEBRA DEBRA Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Analysis Association regarding America
Â VAUGHN, ATHENS STATE UNIVERSITY, ATHENS, AL 35611.
This paper examines the application of observational understanding analysis in developing attitudes
and actions. Experts inside pedology pedology
A branch associated with soil science focusing about the formation, morphology, along with
classification involving soils as bodies within the particular natural landscape. Pedology seeks to
comprehend how the properties as well as distribution patterns of soils worldwide (collectively
known as the pedosphere) possess Â have stressed the significance of pro-social, positive modelling
around the behavior and progression of kids and, to be able to an inferior extent, upon older adults.
This would be safe to assert that numerous organizational training programs include positive custom
modeling rendering as an essential learning/training expertise regarding his or her participants.
This kind of research focuses on the increased occurrence of violence inside the U. S. as well as
considers the particular possible effect involving antisocial custom modeling rendering as presented
via new technologies and also media on this increase.
SAFETY IN SCHOOLS. IDENTIFYING AREAS OF SCHOOL SAFETY CONCERN: THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS, FACULTY MEMBERS, AND ADMINISTRATION
RESPONSES CONCERNING SCHOOL SAFETY AND PREPAREDNESS. JIM D. ROEBUCK, III
This research tested the school's preparedness to be able to properly manage emergency situations
along with teach the particular students. The Particular research hypothesis tested was to determine
the school just isn't adequately prepared to comply with together with institution methods if there
are contingencies due to emergency parameters changing. the hypothesis tested was: Is Actually
there a totally independent naturel amongst responses regarding confidence ranges during a school
emergency situation? An impartial nature can have scattered amounts involving confidence
throughout a university emergency situation. By Means Of the employment associated with this
study, the actual university identified that places were your weakest. The Actual analysis research
has been conducted in the 3A secondary school located within the southeastern region with the
united States which houses 7th-12th grade students along with presently has an enrollment
involving 517. A New taste size 177 students, 32 faculty members, and two administrators was
sufficient to guarantee any confidence degree of 99%. Your results of the study demonstrated that if
the parameters are generally changed, the actual college administration, faculty, and also students
are prepared to adhere to right university procedures. Your results did, however, discover you could
find specific procedures, that after beneath typical conditions, the particular college is not prepared.
These types of scenarios were identified through examining your scenarios where students lacked
THE WIRELESS GAME: a CASE STUDY ON DECISION MAKING IN WARTIME. R. BRYAN
KENNEDY, KIMBERLY BELL, SUSAN D. HERRING, JAMES KERNER, CHARLES ROBERTS, AND
LINDA SHONESY, ATHENS STATE UNIVERSITY, ATHENS, AL 35611.
This case study addresses a really challenging decision faced simply by Fantastic Britain's military
leadership in your course of world War II inside their continuing intelligence efforts to become able
to mistake the particular German high command concerning the D-Day attack. The Actual "wireless
game" has been utilized through each sides along with depended upon the discovery and also
capture involving undercover wireless agents. Agents working undercover gathered and also
transmitted all forms of secret information relating to troop movements, battle plans, etc. Your
British relied about particular checks for you to determine if a submit ended up captured. Using the
capture associated with an agent and also the wireless equipment, the particular transmission of
deceptive details could begin. When the actual choice were produced to deliver relief agents into a
captured post, it meant the brand new agents eventually will be arrested as well as perhaps
executed. Your British dilemma can be summed up as follow: Can Be it ethical to sacrifice the lives
of a couple of undercover agents to help conserve the lives regarding hundreds, potentially
thousands, involving Allied soldiers about the beaches of Normandy?
USING PERSONALITY TYPE TO ENHANCE TEACHING AND LEARNING. R. BRYAN KENNEDY,
SUSAN D. HERRING, LAURA LYNN KERNER, LINDA SHONESY, AND MELISSA WERNER,
ATHENS STATE UNIVERSITY, ATHENS, AL 35611.
This paper presents details in regards in order to the possible outcomes of character preferences
about teaching along with understanding styles. Unique permission was granted written through the
Middle for Programs involving Psychological Sort (CAPT), Gainesville, FL with regard to extensive
summaries involving sort info via "People, Sorts and Tiger Stripes" by G. D. Lawrence. Simply No
original research ended up being conducted through the authors of this paper.
Behavioral as well as Social Science Poster Abstracts
OBESITY, BODY IMAGE, AND HEALTH IN NAYAU, LAU GROUP, FIJI. SHARYN R. JONES,
LORETTA A. CORMIER, CAITLIN AAMODT, COURTNEY ANDREWS, CHRISTEL CARLISLE,
HELENA CORCAO, ANNA MCCOVVN, MALLORY MESSERSMITH, MEGAN MEGAN Model of
Emissions regarding Gases as well as Aerosols via Naturel Â NOOJIN, LINDSAY WHITEAKER, AND
ASHLEY WILSON. DEPT. OF ANTHROPOLOGY, UNIV. OF AL AT BIRMINGHAM, 35294.
In the past, indigenous Fijians have got valued significant physique sizes as literally attractive,
healthy, and also signs and signs and also symptoms of higher social status. obesity has been an
aesthetic choice and in a sense, a form of entire body art. Nayau is truly a remote island inside the
Lau group Fiji having a population associated with approximately 350 people that mainly practice
traditional methods regarding fishing and also gardening subsistence. More Than the last 5 years,
the particular Nayau population features experienced increased coverage in order to Western media
and Western material culture. Electricity, television reception, as well as DVD DVD:Â see digital
Â in complete digital video disc or even digital versatile disc
Type involving optical disc. the DVD represents the 2nd generation regarding compact-disc (CD)
technology. Â movie players are incredibly current introductions. Throughout the actual summers of
2009 as well as 2010, below an NSF-funded REU (Research Experiences for Undergraduates Study
Experiences with regard to Undergraduates (or REUs) are competitive summer research programs
inside the united States regarding undergraduates sponsored through the National Science
Foundation. ) we gathered quantitative (BMIs, random spot checks, body image surveys) and
qualitative data (interviews, health data, as well as participant observation) to become able to assess
weight (underweight, normal, overweight, obese), exercise patterns, and also perceptions of
physique image. We address not only prospective changes in Fijian construction of the ideal body
kind inside the wake of Western exposure, but additionally use data through Nayau to current
challenges for the biomedical paradigm in which obesity should be universally considered to be an
unhealthy disease state.
BUSKING This specific article is about a form of public entertainment. With Regard To an element in
a corset, observe Busk.
Busking may end up being the practice involving doing stay performances within public facilities for
you to entertain people, usually in order to solicit donations and tips. Â AND RELIGION: ATTITUDES
AND BEHAVIORS. JOHN 0. LEMAY IV, KRISTOPHER A. COCHRAN, SARAH E. FREED, 'CARLY A.
COCHRAN, CALEB C. FARRIS, AND LARRY W. BATES, DEPT. OF PSYCHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF
NORTH ALABAMA, FLORENCE, AL 35632.
To analyze conceptions associated with religion along with charity a total involving 102
undergraduate students at a regional university inside the southeastern US completed a battery
associated with surveys relating to religion, and also attitudes and also behaviors towards busking.
participants had been separated according to any median split of Religious Fundamentalism Scale
Revised scores directly into Reduced Religious Fundamentalism (loRF) or even Higher Religious
Fundamentalism (hiRF) groups, using scores falling on the median randomly assigned to either
group. This particular resulted throughout 50 individuals getting classified as loRF as well as 52 as
hiRF. independent t-tests were used to compare age, sex, as well as religious attendance, frequency
associated with prayer, along with attitudes and also behaviors in the particular direction of buskers.
the hiRF group attended religious solutions much more usually for each 12 months along with
engaged within prayer more times for each week than the loRF group. Further correlational
analyses on this list of data found that extrinsic-personal orientation viewed busking as more
entertaining whilst extrinsic-social orientation viewed busking as growing numbers of irritating. the
purpose regarding this research is to bring together your concepts associated with religion as well
as charity in a new light, through busking, in the preliminary study to end up being able to scrutinize
how religion affects one's attitudes generally speaking along with particularly towards giving to
always be able to buskers.
CORRELATING GUILT AND SHAME PRONENESS AND FREQUENCY WITH SELF-REPORTED AND
BEHAVIORAL MEASURES OF IMPULSIVITY. DAJUAN FERRELL, HEIDI L. DEMPSEY, DAVID
David, within the Bible
David,Â d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010-970 B.C.), successor of Saul. the Book of First
Samuel introduces him because the youngest involving eight sons who is anointed king by simply
Samuel to replace Saul, which ended up deemed a failure. Â W. DEMPSEY, JOHN SUDDUTH, SETH
MARTIN, MORGAN WHETSTONE, ELIZABETH USSERY, & SAMANTHA MORTON, DEPARTMENT
OF PSYCHOLOGY, JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY, 700 PELHAM RD. N, JACKSONVILLE, AL
The purpose regarding this research would happen to be to see whether there is the correlation
between guilt along with shame proneness and frequency along with self-reported impulsivity. This
kind of research utilized your Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Harder's Private Feelings Questionnaire,
along with Eyre's Shame and Guilt Stock to always be able to measure your responses of
participants. results indicated that will members didn't discriminate well involving the guilt as well
as shame subscales as well as they 2 measures associated with guilt and shame were only
moderately correlated along with every other. However, the actual PFQ-2 shame frequency has been
moderately correlated together with all round impulsiveness as well as all of the particular
impulsiveness subscales. PFQ-2 guilt frequency was moderately related to overall impulsivity and
also non-planning impulsiveness. Your SAGI measure associated with guilt and shame proneness
ended up being unrelated in order to some of your impulsivity scales. future study should investigate
why impulsiveness will be associated for you to shame frequency greater than guilt frequency as
well as why proneness to always be able to guilt and shame does not predict an individual's trait
CORRELATIONS BETWEEN EFFORT DISCOUNTING, GRADES, ACADEMIC DELAY OF
GRATIFICATION, LOCUS OF CONTROL locus of control
A theoretical construct built to assess a person's perceived treatments for his as well as her
behavior. The Actual classification internal locus indicates that the person feels within control of
events; external locus , AND NEED FOR COGNITION
Main article: Elaboration probability model
The dependence on cognition, throughout psychology, is a personality variable reflecting the extent
to that individuals engage inside and revel in effortful cognitive activities.
. MORGAN WHETSTONE, HEIDI L. DEMPSEY, DAVID W. DEMPSEY, SAMANTHA MORTON,
DAJUAN FERRELL, SETH MARTIN, JOHN SUDDUTH, AND ELIZABETH USSERY, DEPT. OF
PSYCHOLOGY, JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY, JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
The present study involved a statistical evaluation in the relationships between four set up character
constructs--Academic Delay involving Gratification, Locus involving Control, Require with regard to
Cognition, as well as the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11--and individuals between effort discounting
as well as academic good results involving undergraduate students. While hypothesized, Academic
Delay associated with Gratification, Locus of Control, as well as need pertaining to Cognition had
been every negatively correlated with all the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11. However, an
unexpectedly weak relationship had been observed in between effort discounting prices and also
academic scores. future research ought to always be able to be completed to always be able to
assess the actual external validity in the findings across various age brackets or populations, too as
options beyond academia.
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND FAMILIES OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS. LORETTA A.
CORMIER, LISA R. BAKER, COURTNEY ANDREWS, SUMER CHAMBLESS, DANIELLE HESSE, AND
CHARLENE RHOADES. DEPT. OF ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK, UNIVERSITY OF
ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM, 35294.
While there's a growing literature base demonstrating the public isn't personally prepared for your
immediate events following a disaster, extremely little info can always be obtained identifying main
causes why individuals are not really prepared as well as addressing family members disaster
preparedness, especially among vulnerable populations. Our project is a research study and also
student-training plan in which evaluated loved ones disaster preparedness among vulnerable
populations. the study utilized any mixed-methods approach, combining your complementary places
of expertise of the investigators quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative data was derived
through 1) a new survey using a pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design to collect information
upon preparedness 2) the particular administration of the brief psycho-educational intervention
directed at growing levels involving preparedness amongst 2 high-risk populations associated with
people along with youngsters who've unique healthcare needs. Qualitative data ended up being
derived coming from semi-structured interviews together with information analyzed via your
continuous comparison method. Your populations included 1) people inside an urban healthcare
setting receiving wellness treatment coming from Children's Hospital associated with Alabama, and
2) households in the high hurricane risk coastal region receiving wellness treatment from your
Children's Diagnostic and Therapy Middle involving Broward General Hospital, Fort Lauderdale,
Florida Fort Lauderdale, recognized because the "Venice associated with America" due for you to its
expansive and intricate canal system, can become a metropolis inside Broward County, Florida,
United States. The Particular city's population will be described as metropolitan, exactly where
diverse culture will be commonplace. According to 2006 U.S. . We discuss our findings throughout
terms of 1) why family members aren't adequately ready regarding disaster, 2) regional variances
within preparedness amongst vulnerable pediatric pediatricÂ /peÂ·diÂ·atÂ·ric/ (pe?de-atÂ´rik)
pertaining towards the well being regarding children.
Of as well as relating for you to pediatrics. Â populations, 3) and the comes from an on-site
EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDY DISTRACTORS, PROCRASTINATION, AND
IMPULSIVITY. ELIZABETH USSERY, HEIDI DEMPSEY, DAVID DEMPSEY, SETH MARTIN,
SAMANTHA MORTON, DAJUAN FERRELL, JOHN SUDDUTH, MORGAN WHETSTONE,
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY, 700 PELHAM RD. N,
JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
The objective with the current research would have been to examine the relationship between
research distractors, procrastination, along with impulsivity, and also relate these to become able to
course performance throughout psychology courses along with general GPA. Outcomes indicated
that will impulsivity, procrastination, as well as research distractors are not usually related to
program performance as well as GPA. However, impulsivity as well as procrastination had been
significantly related to a quantity of typical research distractors in which students may encounter
(e.g., other individuals talking, TV, internet, quantity regarding coursework). Long Term research
should take a look at why impulsivity, research distractors, procrastination are not great predictors
needless for you to say performance or GPA.
FRAMING OF COST/BENEFIT ANALYSIS QUESTIONS AND THE RELATIONSHIP TO MEASURES
OF IMPULSIVITY. SAMANTHA MORTON, HEIDI L. DEMPSEY, DAVID W. DEMPSEY, ELIZABETH
USSERY, JOHN SUDDUTH, SETH MARTIN, MORGAN WHETSTONE, & DAJUAN FERRELL.
JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY
This is definitely an exploratory study which usually examines how students rated a quantity of
questions relating for you to choices they will might have got to create as they enter throughout the
workforce. for example, students are usually inquired a group of queries about how many hours they
would work weekly for a selection regarding salaries. Also, they are inquired how far they will would
move from their particular families/friends in order to get great spending job. Finally, each as well
as every student's decisions were correlated with their trait impulsivity level. Outcomes indicated
which several decisions were correlated along with impulsivity, nevertheless the majority were not.
Also, not every decisions adopted a new rational cost/benefit analysis. Dialogue focuses on how
students' lack of knowledge of numbers (innumeracy) might affect their own capability to make
MAGNITUDE EFFECTS AND STABILITY OF RESPONSES IN Any MEASURE OF DELAYED
DISCOUNTING OF MONEY. JOHN SUDDUTH, HEIDI DEMPSEY, DAVID DEMPSEY, DEJUAN
FERRELL, SAMANTHA MORTON, ELIZABETH USSERY, MORGAN WHETSTONE, & SETH MARTIN
The current study analyzed the connection in between delayed discounting associated with
hypothetical cash and effort discounting involving hypothetical added credit rating points. both cash
and added credit score showed proof of magnitude effects, such in which larger amounts were
discounted under smaller sized amounts. Together With regard to become able to stability of
answers, there was high correlations in between all regarding extra credit score discounting
concerns and their duplicates, but not for your monetary discounting measures. The Actual
discussion speculates as to why money confirmed various outcomes than added credit.
MICRO-STRATIFICATION: EFFECTS OF URBAN PLANNING POLICY ON PUBLIC HOUSING
COMMUNITIES. HOLLY PARK, DR. L.JOE MORGAN, DEAPRTMENT OF PHYSICAL AND EARTH
SCIENCES, GEOGRAPHY, JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY, JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
The institutionalization involving gated public housing will be stratifying an already marginalized
community. Inside this research we're analyzing the actual census information via 2000 to
demonstrate your inverse correlation between the index involving social construction (social
segregation) in relation to the distance from the gated public housing. The Actual gate super-
imposes an imagined carceral state into a population that previously faces economic hardships. We
propose that will in confining these residents to the gated property, they will are now being made to
are living out the actual stereotypical image involving criminals powering bars. The Majority Of
regarding the populace inside these gated housing properties can be youthful African-American
women, without spousal support. While gating is mixed using the lower income and education levels,
negative image in the public housing communities is actually deepened. The Particular greater the
actual disparity within the index associated with social structure, the actual greater the spatial
segregation between communities. Your impact associated with gating produces an air associated
with social marginalization leading to an increase involving urban inequality. Analysis has shown
that will gating socially marginalized communities features triggered negative externalities and also
unintended consequences. the intergroup relationships resulting from your micro-stratifications
associated with population have got triggered greater among group disparities. Throughout many
cases such as Anniston and also Gadsden, AL, gating has been funded and also planned by simply
local law enforcement agencies along with supported through the Department regarding Housing
and also Urban Development (HUD). This specific project will be evaluating your further segregation
along with marginalization of certain segments involving population based on spatial distribution
involving economic class directed through the government policies.
AREA UNDER THE CURVE FOR DOUBLE LIMIT AND MULTIPLE CHOICE MEASURES OF
The current research looked at the partnership in between temporal discounting, perceived to
become the behavioral measure involving impulsivity, as well as survey measures regarding
impulsivity, as well as magnitude results of dollar amount. Individuals completed both a commonly
used, yet time-intensive, computerized approach involving delayed discounting (the double-limit
method), or even they will completed a pair of new, much less time-intensive, multiple-choice based
strategies (the four-question multiple selection or perhaps the single-question multiple choice) to
decide if the multiple selection approach will be the viable substitute for the a lot more cumbersome
double-limit method. Outcomes indicated the multiple choice techniques were not a satisfactory
substitute for that double-limit method. The Actual discussion concentrates on why these techniques
might not really be equivalent along with long term directions regarding study in this area.
Bioethics, History along with Philosophy associated with Science the background philosophy
regarding science (HPS) is an academic discipline that will encompasses the particular philosophy
regarding science and the reputation science. Even though many scholars within the field are
trained primarily as either historians as well as as philosophers, you can easily find degree-granting
departments of Â Paper Abstracts
EVOLUTION AND RELIGION: PARALLELS, PROBLEMS, AND HISTORIES. SAMUEL J HIRT, PHD
STUDENT, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, AL 36849.
The development of the theory involving evolution illustrates problems associated with applying
distinctive philosophies and their goals outside associated with his or her realm. Though a meaning
of science that satisfies all scientists could end up being impossible, most would agree that it is
objectives tend to be to supply evidence with regard to or against materialistic hypotheses via the
actual scientific method. Equally as hard to define, most would agree the objectives of religion would
range coming from the development of faith by means of revelation to the way of exaltation or
enlightenment. perhaps within attempts to end up being able to rectify perceived contradictions
among the 2 philosophies and also despite fundamental variances throughout methodology, many
scientists along with religious figure heads have tried to extend their own philosophy in to another
realm. Herein I highlight a few resemblances within the philosophies associated with science and
also religion to become able to illustrate how easily this can become done and utilize the progression
of the theory regarding evolution like a historical and existing illustration of how this oversight can
be harming in order to each philosophies. Inside conclusion, I provide for any solution respect along
with understanding of each philosophy and maintain the separation associated with church while
See also: .
Separation associated with church assuring is a political along with legal doctrine which states that
government along with religious institutions are usually to be held separate and independent of one
another. Â will help achieve the particular purposes associated with each science and religion.
PLURIPOTENT pluÂ·ripÂ·oÂ·tentÂ or pluÂ·riÂ·poÂ·tenÂ·tial
1. Capable associated with affecting more than 1 organ or tissue.
2. not fixed concerning prospective development. Utilized associated with an embryonic cell.
Â STEM CELLS: FINALLY AN ETHICALLY UNCONTROVERSIAL SOURCE? JAMES T. BRADLEY,
DEPT. OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, AL 36849.
Pluripotent stem cells can give rise to all cell sorts in the adult individual, thus his or her clinical
potential with regard to treating circumstances which range from strokes along with spinal cord
injuries to always be able to diabetes along with Parkinson's disease. The Particular major supply of
pluripotent cells since 1998 has been surplus blastocyst blastocystÂ /blasÂ·toÂ·cyst/ (-sist) your
mammalian conceptus inside the postmorula stage, consisting involving an embryoblast (inner cell
mass) along together with a thin trophoblast layer enclosing the blastocyst cavity. Â stage embryos
obtained coming from within vitro fertilization clinics. However using human blastocysts regarding
ESCs is actually controversial since lots involving people consider blastocysts to be persons using a
moral right in order to life. in 2007, induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells had been generated through
skin cells by simply introducing additional illegal copies associated with certain genes into the cells.
Safety considerations restrict the particular clinical worth of iPS cells. in 2010, adult cells were
reprogrammed in order to pluripotency with out altering their own genomes. Characteristics of
those RNA-induced pluripotent stem (RiPS) cells as well as their ethical implications are usually
SCIENCE AND MYTHOLOGY: DUAL BELIEF SYSTEMS? CLARK E. LUNDELL *, DEPT. OF
INDUSTRIAL DESIGN AND * JAMES T. BRADLEY, DEPT. OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, AUBURN
UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, AL 36849.
Is Science the actual Mythology of the 21st Century? Any biologist (Bradley) along along with a
designer (Lundell) existing a dialogue documented over many many years of conversation about the
question: Accomplish the particular heroes of contemporary science, Einstein, Tesla as well as
Newton, assume the role regarding Jupiter, Juno and also Minerva in our contemporary Capitoline
Triad? Are Generally they as fallible? These types of concerns tend to be explored by means of
conversation that will invites contemplation, seeks in order to challenge the irrefutable nature
involving contemporary science (Lundell), and also strives to become able to explicate distinguishing
characteristics with the scientific enterprise (Bradley).
THE MORAL RESPONSIBILITY OF SCIENTISTS. GERARD ELFSTROM, DEPT. OF PHILOSOPHY,
AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, AL 36849-5210
Scientists inside laboratories are commonly the very first for you to become mindful of new
discoveries which could damage additional human beings. These researchers will be also best
situated to know what harms these discoveries would bring and how these people may do so. Inside
consequence, these scientists should accept your moral obligation to end up being able to prevent
other people through being harmed like a results of their own discoveries. However, individual
scientists tend to be hampered by numerous factors: There are no commonly accepted guidelines
these people may consult in order to determine which discoveries are generally likely to cause
significant harm to others, and there are no bodies able to give them help with such matters. Also,
they can do no much more than alert others in order to dangers. These People can't consider further
motion to prevent harm from coming to end up being able to others. Hence, alerts through scientists
should be the first step to protect human beings and never your last. Relevant institutions,
regardless regarding whether governmental, academic, or commercial have the additional
obligations associated with devising workable guidelines, creating consulting agencies, and also
putting implies in place to protect the particular public from harm. With Out these further measures,
the actual actions of person scientists must be ineffectual.
Bioethics, History and Philosophy associated with Science Poster Abstracts
THE MISCONCEPTION OF HEALTH DISPARITIES. SHERYCE C. HENLEY, SONNI-ALI MILLER,
FLOYD DAVIS, CEDRIC CEDRIC UK Customs & Excise Intelligence computer Information System
Â LANE, CHRISTOPHER RAGLAND, WILL TARVER, DR. TIMOTHY TURNER PH.D. DEPUTY
DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH AND TRAINING TUSICEGEE UNIVERSITY NATIONAL CENTER FOR
BIOETHICS IN RESEARCH AND HEALTH CARE BIOETHICS BUILDING TUSKEGEE, AL 36088
The late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. within his letter through Birmingham Jail the Letter through
Birmingham Jail as well as Letter via Birmingham Town Jail, had been an empty letter created about
April 16, 1963 by Martin Luther King, Jr., an American civil legal rights leader. Â said an "injustice
anywhere can always be a threat to justice everywhere." To End Up Being Able To think about this
quote and look upon your burgeoning problem involving wellness disparities, one must actively
appear the problem squarely within the deal with as well as refer to become able to it as what it
really is--prejudice. health disparities occur via sequences regarding events in which start with
inequalities set up simply by human judgments. These kinds of human prejudices produce real
inequalities in the human experience and also lead towards the distinctions observed in the well
being status regarding certain populations. Even though the present definitions associated with
health disparity give anyone the measurement in the terminal variations inside well being status, it
makes absolutely no try to measure the causative factors. particular concentrate around the Black
community reveals many different inequalities that will contribute to the higher amounts associated
with disease circumstances for example substantial blood pressure, diabetes, as well as cancer.
Inequalities in income, insurance coverage, accessibility to and excellence of well being treatment
produce the stresses which are almost all significant contributors for you to observed disparities
inside health. The Actual perception is usually that minorities generally fall inside the lower
percentile pertaining to income, get little if any health insurance coverage, in inclusion in order to
their healthy lifestyle methods tend to be subordinate along together with other races. However,
even global analysis reveals that will predominantly nonwhite nations have observably lower well
being status as compared to their own white counterparts. Thus, the objective of this function would
become to provide an exhaustive meta-analysis along with conceptual framework with regard to
initiating your hard discussions of the underlying aspects causing health disparities.
Biological Sciences Paper Abstracts
ANURAN CALL ACTIVITY AT AN EPHEMERAL POND IN NE ALABAMA: Any PRELIMINARY
ANALYSIS. BRETT A. MACEK AND GEORGE R. CLINE, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, JACKSONVILLE STATE
UNIV., JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
We studied calling exercise over the 5-month period regarding time at Frog Pond, close to White
Plains throughout NE AL inside 2010. Eight species, representing three Families, had been recorded
at the site. Hylid frogs dominated your site (5 sp.) accompanied by Ranids (2 sp.) and Microhylids (1
sp.). Just About All species recorded were accounted regarding within the first 3 weeks of the study.
not almost all species known as simultaneously. Inside this study, hylids dominated calling exercise
early inside the season. Pseudacris crucifer referred to end up being able to as first, followed by
Hyla gratiosa, H. chrysoscelis, A. crepitans, as well as H. cinerea. Ranid frogs called next,
accompanied by Microhylids. Early within the study, only 1-4 species called. Day-to-day calling
exercise peaked along with 6-7 species calling in May. Calling activity dropped off within June as
drought conditions progressed. Any late-season spike inside calling exercise correlated with a
rainfall event inside July. Intensity involving calling exercise had been measured utilizing the actual
Wisconsin Frog and Toad Survey (WFTS), which assigns calls in order to index values on the scale
including 1-3 regarding each species. Whenever viewed over the complete breeding season, a range
of calling patterns had been observed. some species jumped to degree 3 calling right away as soon
as calling commenced, along with remained substantial throughout your season. Numerous species
remained sporadic throughout the season, although some remained at reasonable calling intensities
all through the calling season.
BACTERIAL DIVERSITY OF AN INDIAN CREEK SAMPLE AS REVEALED THROUGH 16S RRNA
rRNAÂ ribosomal RNA.
The RNA that is a permanent structural part of the ribosome. Additionally referred to end up being
able to as ribosomal RNA.
ribosomal RNA. Discover ribonucleic acid. Â SEQUENCING. JESSICA NASH AND CHRIS OTTO,
DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, ATHENS STATE UNIV., ATHENS, AL 35611.
There is microbial existence inside almost every environment upon earth. Together With your
techniques involved with metagenomic sequencing it is now achievable to identify the particular
organisms which are either not in the position to end up being grown in plates or seen with the
naked eye. the procedure involves extracting DNA DNA:Â see nucleic acid.
Â or deoxyribonucleic acid
One associated with 2 kinds of nucleic acid (the some other is RNA); a new complex organic
compound discovered in most living cells and lots of viruses. It will end up being the chemical
substance regarding genes. , replicating, along with integrating microbial DNA from many sources
right into a vector able being cloned without having the must culture your organisms. the libraries
resulting from these clones tend to be sequenced, as well as together with analysis using available
around the internet classification programs, microbes tend to be in the position being discovered
and classified. throughout the particular years this provides led to many instrumental advances in
medicine, through antibiotic potential to end up being able to offer with accessible new enzymes.
Within this experiment, an Indian Creek drinking water sample had been tested utilizing typical
protocols as well as processes involving metagenomics. Your outcomes all through your experiment
constantly showed evidence which DNA extraction took place, and also sequencing ended up being
effectively performed. The Particular concentration regarding DNA in the cloned libraries ended up
being high sufficient that will classification regarding returned sequences ended up being able to
become executed by means of the particular on your internet databases greengenes, National
Middle regarding Biotechnology Information, and Ribosomal Database Project.
CANOPY GAP DYNAMICS IN MATURE, MESIC, QUERCUS STANDS ON THE CUMBERLAND
PLATEAU, ALABAMA. JACOB D. RICHARDS, AND JUSTIN L. HART, DEPT. OF GEOGRAPHY, UNIV.
OF ALA., TUSCALOOSA, AL 35486.
Gap scale disturbances are usually essential processes in forest stand development within the
southern Appalachians. Canopy gaps within secondary forest throughout the southern Appalachians
are already documented as critical mechanisms inside canopy tree replacement and stand
regeneration. I quantified gap characteristics, gap formation as well as closure mechanisms, and
intra-gap tree as well as sapling distribution patterns with regard to 60 canopy gaps in secondary
mesic, Quercus is an acronym on the Cumberland Plateau throughout north Alabama. Snag-formed
gaps had been the most common. The Actual projected closure mechanism has been significantly
related to the region with the gap whereby smaller gaps usually closed by way of lateral crown
expansion and also larger gaps typically closed through subcanopy recruitment. Based about the
results, I hypothesized that will gaps exceeding 200 m2 had higher probabilities of closing through
subcanopy recruitment instead of lateral crown expansion. several gaps projected to seal by
subcanopy recruitment were carrying out so via Quercus capture. However, Quercus capture
regarding gaps was limited in order to upper slope positions with reduced understory competition
coming from shade tolerant species as well as adequate light levels. Your majority regarding gaps
had been projected to seal through lateral crown expansion. Based about the composition of saplings
and trees in gap environments, I project the particular forest to transition from a Quercus dominated
system to one using significantly stronger Fagus grandifolia and Acer saccharum components. My
research fills any void within the literature about the role of canopy gaps in secondary, mesic
Quercus appears that proven just prior to 1900 for that southern Appalachian region.
CHECKLIST OF THE MAMMALS AT RUSSELL CAVE NATIONAL MONUMENT Russell Cave
National Monument:Â see National Parks and Monuments (table).
Russell Cave National Monument
National Monument, northeastern Alabama, U.S. Â IN JACKSON COUNTY, ALABAMA Jackson
County is a county of the U.S. state involving Alabama, and it is included in the Huntsville-Decatur
Metro Area. Its name is in honor associated with Andrew Jackson, general within the United States
Associated With America Army along with President in the United States Involving America
regarding America. Since associated with 2000, the population has been 53,926. . ANTHONY C.
GROW, DANIEL M. WOLCOTT, AND MICHAEL L. KENNEDY, THE UNIVERSITY OF MEMPHIS The
Actual College involving Memphis is a public study university or college positioned in Memphis,
Tennessee, United States, and is a flagship public analysis college of the Tennessee Board
associated with Regents system. , DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, MEMPHIS Memphis,
city, ancient Egypt
MemphisÂ (m?m`f?s), ancient capital regarding scotland- Egypt, money with the Outdated Kingdom
(c.3100-c.2258 B.C.), in the apex in the Nile delta and also 12 mi (18 km) through Cairo. , TN,
A checklist of the mammals at Russell Cave National Monument (RCNM) inside Jackson County,
Alabama, had been compiled within a survey conducted in the summer and also fall regarding 2009
and also spring associated with 2010. Sampling processes included reside trapping, bait/camera
stations, scent stations, mist netting, spotlight surveys, and general observations. Twenty-nine
species, representing eight orders and also 14 families, were verified to happen about the site.
results reflected your presence involving one species of opossum opossumÂ (?p?s`?m, p?s`-), term
for numerous marsupials, or even pouched mammals, with the family Didelphidae, native to Central
along with South America, together with 1 species extending N for the United States. Â (Virginia
Opossum, Didelphis virginiana), 1 species regarding shrew (Northern Short-tailed Shrew The
Particular Northern Short-tailed Shrew (Blarina brevicauda) will be a large shrew seen in central
along with eastern America coming from southern Saskatchewan in order to Atlantic Canada and
south to always be able to Nebraska and Georgia. In one time, this species and the Southern Short-
tailed Shrew, B. , Blarina brevicauda), 1 species associated with mole (Eastern Mole, Scalopus
aquaticus), and also six species of bats (Gray Myotis Myotis
genus involving bats. Consists Of M. thysanodes (fringed myotis bat), M. myotis (European common
mouse-eared bat), M. lucifugus (little brown bat). , Myotis grisescens; Northern Myotis, Myotis
septentrionalis; Tri-colored Bat, Perimyotis subflavus; Large Brown Bat, Eptesicus fuscus; Eastern
For the particular fictional character, see The Particular Red Bat
The Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus borealis) is a species of bat from your Vespertilionidae family. see
also the particular Western Red Bat (Lasiurus blossevillii), any related species.
, Lasiurus borealis; and Evening Bat, Nycticeius humeralis). Various Other species documented
included: Nine-banded Armadillo armadilloÂ (Ã¤r'm?d?l`?), New Globe armored mammal involving
the order Edentata, a bunch which in addition includes the particular sloth as well as the anteater,
characterized by peglike teeth with out roots or perhaps enamel. Â (Dasypus novemcinctus), Eastern
Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus), 11 species involving rodents (Eastern Chipmunk
chipmunk,Â rodent in the family Sciuridae (squirrel family). The Actual chipmunk with the E united
States as well as SE Canada will be in the genus Tamias. The Actual entire body in the common
Eastern chipmunk, Tamias striatus, is just about all about 5 in order to 6 in. , Tamias striatus;
Woodchuck woodchuckÂ or groundhog,Â common title of the North American species associated
with marmot, Marmota monax. This kind of large rodent is actually present in open woods along
with ravines all through most of Canada and the NE United States. , Marmota monax; Eastern Gray
Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis; Southern Flying Squirrel Glaucomys volans; American Beaver, Castor
canadensis; White-footed Deermouse, Peromyscus leucopus; Cotton Deermouse, Peromyscus
gossypinus; Hispid Cotton Rat The Particular Hispid Cotton Rat, Sigmodon hispidus, is actually a
rodent species long shown to occur in elements of South America, Central America, along with
southern North America. However, current taxonomic revisions, based on mitochondrial DNA
sequence data, possess split this widely dispersed , Sigmodon hispidus; Allegheny Woodrat,
Neotoma magister; Woodland Vole, Microtus pinetorum), Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris), Coyote
(Canis latrans), Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), Raccoon raccoon,Â nocturnal New Globe
mammal in the genus Procyon. the typical raccoon involving North America, Procyon lotor,
additionally referred to as coon, is found coming from S Canada in order to South America, except in
areas of the Rocky Mts. as well as in deserts. Â (Procyon lotor), Eastern Striped Skunk (Mephitis
mephitis), Feral Cat (Felis catus), and White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus). one endangered
species (Gray Myotis) ended up being recorded throughout the survey.
DISCOVERING MYCOBACTERIOPHAGE CRYPTKEEPER. KRISTEN CARLISLE DR. LAJOYCE DEBRO
AND DR. CHRISTOPHER MURDOCK, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, JACKSONVILLE STATE
UNIVERSITY, JACKSONVILLE, AL
Over the past century, scientists have been family interaction within efforts to further knowledge of
the Mycobacteriophage population throughout our planet. That will be hoped the obtained
knowledge associated with this microscopic agent will lead to the output of vaccines and also new
healthcare treatments for antibiotic resistant bacteria, also as cause advancements inside biological
warfare weaponry. Knowledge of the Mycobacteriophage population can be getting expanded
through the collection and characterization of new viruses. Mycobacteriophage can end up being
found inside a assortment involving locations. My objective was to solution your question, "Is it
feasible to end up being able to discover a Mycobacteriophage via an environmental trial collected
from a cemetery within Ragland, Alabama?" In Order To answer this question, I enriched an
environmental sample making use of host bacterium Mycobacterium smegmatis as well as purified a
Mycobacteriophage from your mixture. Analysis with the physical and genetic properties with the
isolate, Cryptkeeper, support our conclusion this is a recently discovered virus.
DISTRIBUTION OF AMPHIANTHUS PUSILLUS AND DIAMORPHA SMALLII IN ALABAMA DAVID
M. FRINGS AND L. J. DAVENPORT SAMFORD UNIVERSITY, 800 LAKESHORE DRIVE,
BIRMINGHAM, AL. 35229.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: Indent initial sentence for beginning paragraph. Indent 2nd paragraph
beginning using the third sentence as well as the phrase "Amphianthus". Indent third paragraph
beginning using the fifth sentence as well as the term "Diamorpha". Indent your fourth paragraph
beginning using the last sentence and the phrase "Both". all scientific name, genus as well as species
must maintain italliacs.
Diamorpha smallii and Amphianthus pusillus are two annual plants that will germinate and complete
their lifecycles coming from late fall until early spring. both species inhabit pools as well as
depressions on isolated rock habitats regarding Alabama. Amphianthus pusillus is present in tiny
vernal vernalÂ /verÂ·nal/ (verÂ´n'l) pertaining to or perhaps occurring within the spring. Â pools on
granite outcrops regarding Alabama, Georgia, as well as South Carolina. Its range throughout
Alabama is restricted in order to 2 isolated outcrops involving Randolph as well as Chambers
counties; a couple of colonies are usually reported pertaining to Chambers County and then for
colonies regarding Randolph County.
Amphianthus pusillus can be outlined from the U. S. Fish and Wildlife service being an endangered
species. This particular species germinates and also blooms through the late winter. Diamorpha
smallii can be present in moist shallow depressions as well as vernal pools on granite outcrops of the
Piedmont Province and also similar sandstone habitats in the Valley and Ridge Province. Its range
covers portions of Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and also Virginia.
The Actual Alabama selection of D. smallii consists of Chambers, Lee, Tallapoosa, Randolph, Etowah,
DeKalb, along with Tuscaloosa counties. This species germinates in the late fall and also blooms
through the early spring.
Both species seem to become declining within Alabama thanks for you to loss regarding habitat
through mining, logging, illegal dumping, and the use of four-wheel vehicles
FINDING MOMO AND FLO: THE ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF
MYCOBACTERIOPHAGE. JESSICA L. ARIGHI, REBEKAH YOUNG, LAJOYCE DEBRO, AND
CHRISTOPHER MURDOCK, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY,
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: Italicize iÂ·talÂ·iÂ·cizeÂ Â
tr.v. iÂ·talÂ·iÂ·cized, iÂ·talÂ·iÂ·cizÂ·ing, iÂ·talÂ·iÂ·cizÂ·es
1. For You To print inside italic type.
2. to underscore (written matter) with a single line in order to indicate italics.
3. Â Mycobacterium smegmatis, M.smegmatis, as well as Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Viruses which infect bacteria were discovered inside 1915 and for that reason are known as
"bacteriophages" or perhaps "phage" pertaining to short. Bacteriophages must use a host bacterium
in order to replicate as well as hold the potential to manage bacterial growth, which could result in
an alternative solution pertaining to antibiotics. The Actual objective involving this project had been
to discover Mycobacteriophages and start to characterize them simply by his or her physical as well
as genetic properties. a Mycobacteriophage will be certain to become able to Mycobacterium.
Throughout this study, your host bacterium had been Mycobacterium smegmatis. M smegmatis is
extremely comparable towards the bacteria which cause the particular deadly disease tuberculosis,
Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Soil examples had been obtained from Dadeville, Alabama, along with
Rome, Georgia, along with enriched to assist the phage grow. after multiple rounds associated with
purification, 1 single bacteriophage was isolated coming from each sample. the original
characterization regarding the two Mycobacteriophages found, MomoMixon and also Florence,
supports our conclusion they are generally newly discovered isolates. This particular study has been
supported by the Science Training Alliance of the National Genomic research Initiative in the
Howard Hughes Health-related Institute Howard Hughes Health-related Institute,Â (HHMI),
nonprofit medical research organization founded within 1953 by Howard Hughes and also largly
funded through proceeds in the 1984-85 sale of Hughes Aircraft. Headquartered throughout Chevy
Chase, Md. Â and Jacksonville State University--Biology Department.
IDENTIFICATION OF NEW COMPONENTS INVOLVED IN SHOOT GRAVITROPISM IN
ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA. ARCHANA SHARMAJO ANNA DILLER, DEPTARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL
SCIENCE, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AUBURN, ALABAMA 36849.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: Subsequent phrases should be italic: Arabidopsis thaliana, SCARECROW
(SCR (Sequence control Register) Notice plan counter. ), scr, 35S::SCR, 35S::SCR/scrl, 35S::SCR/WT
In Arabidopsis thaliana, SCARECROW (SCR) gene is essential pertaining to normal radial patterning
along with shoots gravitropism. The Particular SCR mutants exhibit shoot agravitropism and
defective radial pattern. The Actual many favored hypothesis is actually "starch-statolith hypothesis"
nevertheless the precise molecular mechanism of gravitropism is still unknown. We identified scr
mutant suppressors in order to generate resources to resolve subsequent questions: how can SCR
regulate, how many other genes may consider place as well as what may end up being the exact
molecular mechanism in the shoot gravitropic pathway. Hypocotyl of those suppressors exhibit
improved gravitropic response over scr mutant. Starch staining with the hypocotyl along with I-KI
answer shows practically an deficiency of amyloplast granules inside the suppressors grown in
sucrose free regarding charge medium. However, suppressors grown on 1% sucrose medium
present the actual existence regarding a few amyloplasts. Cross sections of the hypocotyl reveal that
will suppressors nevertheless have defective radial pattern. These types of results indicate which
neither your presence of endodermis Endodermis
The single layer of plant cells which is situated between your cortex as well as the vascular (xylem
and phloem) tissues. The idea has its own nearly all obvious development inside roots and also
subaerial stems. Â nor the actual amyloplast sedimentation is important regarding hypocotyl
gravitropism. Throughout order to check out the mechanism, we've generated WT and also scrl lines
that carry 35S::SCR construct and also express SCR within ectopic ectopicÂ /ecÂ·topÂ·ic/ (ek-
1. pertaining to ectopia.
2. situated from normal position.
3. arising through an abnormal website or perhaps tissue.
adj. Â location. 35S::SCR/scrl plant hypocotyl showed gravitropic response much like WT plants
while 35S::SCR/WT plant hypocotyls had very weak gravitropic reaction just like scr mutant. The
Particular staining outcomes of 35S::SCR/WT as well as 35S::SCR/scrl reveal which amyloplast
sedimentation throughout 35S::SCR/WT is much like WT whilst 35S::SCRiscrl resembles scrl. These
results further support our hypothesis that there is actually certainly an alternative solution pathway
regarding shoot gravitropism.
INVESTIGATION OF THE MICROBIAL DIVERSITY IN CALCIFIED Calcified
Hardened by simply calcium deposits.
Mentioned in: heart Valve Repair Â MATS FROM a PERENNIALLY ICE COVERED LAKE JOYCE IN
MCMURDO DRY VALLEY, ANTARCTICA. JONATHAN P. HUANG, NAZIA MOJIB, AND ASIM
ASIMÂ American Society of Internal Medicine. Â K. BEJ, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF
ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, AL 35294. DALE ANDERSEN, CARL SAGAN CENTER
FOR THE STUDY OF LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE (SETI INSTITUTE), MOUNTAIN VIEW, CALIFORNIA
With Regard To the particular census-designated place, discover Mountain View, Contra Costa
County, California. With Regard To various other places called "Mountain View", observe .
Mountain View is truly a area in Santa Clara County, within the U.S. state of California. Your area
gets its name from the views with the Santa Cruz Mountains. , 94043
The calcified 7 meter microbial mats surviving in Lake Joyce inside the McMurdo Dry Valleys The
Actual McMurdo Dry Valleys really tend to be a row associated with valleys in Antarctica found
within Victoria Territory west associated with McMurdo Sound. the region includes many intriguing
geological features such as Lake Vida and furthermore the Onyx River, Antarctica's longest river.
Â in Antarctica provide a distinctive possibility to investigate the particular formation regarding
structures that are analogous in order to ancient stromatolites. The Actual diversity of the
eubacterial communities during these mats has been decided using culture-independent
neighborhood DNA. The Actual 16S rRNA gene sequences in the community DNA clone library had
been located to become distinctive and unable to pair using identified bacterial genera. This shows
that Lake Joyce microbial mats harbor the complex microbial neighborhood which can potentially
yield new eubacterial genera. Within addition, an unusual team involving bacterial genera such as
Rhodopseudomonas, Bdellovibrio, Opitutus, Spartobacteria, Leptothrix, along with Nitrospira were
identified. other typical genera involving known Antarctic bacteria had been additionally found in
these microbial mats such as Flavobacterium, Clostridium, along with Rhodoferax. Our outcomes
demonstrated that culture-independent methodology is important throughout obtaining the greatest
coverage of the microbial diversity throughout Lake Joyce mat samples. The Actual study in the
taxonomic identification as well as the extent associated with biodiversity of the microbial
consortium are important to unfold his or her role in the formation with the calcified microbialites in
Lake Joyce and other lakes inside the McMurdo Dry Valleys.
IS THERE The DIETARY REQUIREMENT FOR ASCORBIC ACID IN LYTECHINUS VARIEGATUS?
WARREN T. JONES, STEPHEN A. WATTS, THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM,
BIRMINGHAM, AL, 35294, ANTHONY SICCARDI III AND ADDISON L. LAWRENCE, TEXAS
AGRILIFE MARICULTURE mariculture
marine aquaculture. Â RESEARCH PROJECT, PORT ARANSAS, TX 78373.
Nutritional supplementation throughout formulated diets is definitely an integral part of the
particular aquaculture industry. We are still researching the particular dietary requirements in the
variegated sea urchin, L. variegatus. Ascorbic acid is surely an important micronutrient
A substance, such as getting a vitamin or mineral, which is essential throughout minute quantities
for that appropriate growth along with metabolism of your living organism. Â in your diet program of
many animals. Juvenile sea urchins (ca. 0.08 g) were raised inside the laboratory along with fed
certainly 1 of eight semipurified diets using the subsequent levels of ascorbic acid with regard to 10
weeks: 8, 26, 45, 72, 100, 313, 465, and also 921 mg ascorbic acid/kg feed. under the conditions
regarding this study, there were simply no significant variances in wet weight gain (ANOVA anova
see analysis of variance.
ANOVAÂ Analysis of variance, observe there , p>0.05) amongst diet treatments beneath the actual
conditions regarding this study. Additionally, there was zero significant variances inside test,
lantern, gut, or even gonad gonadÂ /goÂ·nad/ (goÂ´nad) any gamete-producing gland; an ovary as
well as testis.gonadÂ´algonadÂ´ial
indifferent gonadÂ the particular sexually undifferentiated gonad of the early embryo. Â dry weights
among therapies (ANCOVA ANCOVA Analysis associated with Covariance , p>0.05). Linear
regression indicated that will ascorbic acid degree wasn't a substantial aspect inside the model;
however, age of your sea urchin was obviously a significant factor. This study shows that dietary
ascorbic acid may not really be required nutritionally in juvenile L. variegatus, so we hypothesize it
might become produced endogenously. Additionally, genetic aspects may always be influential
throughout sea urchin weight gain. Further studies tend to be needed, as ascorbic acid might have
got important physiological roles throughout sea urchins that do not directly affect excess weight
gain. These kinds of studies were supported partly from the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant
PLANT SPECIATION speciation
Formation of new and also distinct species, whereby a new single evolutionary series splits straight
into two as well as more genetically independent ones. one in the fundamental processes of
evolution, speciation might occur in many ways. Â IN THE REALM OF ALLOPOLYPLOIDS: THE
CURIOUS CASE OF THE TEMPERATE BAMBOOS. JIMMY K. TRIPLETT, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY,
JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIV., JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265, JUN WEN, NATIONAL MUSEUM OF
NATURAL HISTORY, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, WASHINGTON, DC 20013-7012, AND LYNN G.
CLARK, DEPT. OF ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION, AND ORGANISMAL BIOLOGY, IOWA STATE
ISU is nearly all beneficial known for its diploma programs within science, engineering, as well as
agriculture. ISU can be house with the world's 1st electronic digital computing device, the
Atanasoff-Berry Computer. , AMES, IA 50011.
Genome doubling (polyploidy Polyploidy
The occurrence associated with related types possessing chromosome numbers which are multiples
of the simple number (n), the actual haploid number. forms getting 3n chromosomes are usually
triploids; 4n, tetraploids; 5n, pentaploids, and thus on. ) is considered being typical inside plants, yet
biologists have got couple of model systems by which to review the particular broad-scale
evolutionary consequences involving this phenomenon. Based upon recent evidence, the temperate
bamboos provide a large-scale example of polyploid polÂ·yÂ·ploid
Having extra teams of chromosomes.
An organism along with a lot more than a couple of teams of chromosomes.
pol Â speciation within the context regarding plants which are ecologically and also economically
important. The Particular temperate bamboos encompass 500+ species in Asia, Africa, and The
United States (including three inside Alabama) and are amongst probably the actual most
problematic plants from the taxonomic perspective. recent information implicated hybridization
hybridizationÂ /hyÂ·bridÂ·izaÂ·tion/ (hi?brid-i-zaÂ´shun)
1. crossbreeding; the act or even technique of producing hybrids.
2. molecular hybridization
Â as a factor in taxonomic confusion although highlighting your feasible role of polyploidy. Within
the existing investigation, low-copy nuclear genes (including an endo-1,4-[beta] glucanase plus a
poly-A binding protein) were used to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships. These types of data
suggest that most 500+ species are generally descended from a single allotetraploid ancestor that
features been derived coming from 2 divergent parents. Subsequent diversification offers produced
species that are genetically, morphologically, and also ecologically distinct, yet retain each parental
genomes. Moreover, new species are already produced by simply ongoing hybridization at the
tetraploid tetraploidÂ /tetÂ·raÂ·ploid/ (tetÂ´rah-ploid)
1. seen as a tetraploidy.
2. an individual or perhaps cell having four groups of chromosomes.
adj. Â level. This kind of new evidence, combined along with prior studies using chloroplast
chloroplastÂ (kl?r`?pl?st', klÃ´r`-), any complex, discrete green structure, or organelle, contained
within the cytoplasm regarding plant cells. Â DNA along with AFLP data, suggests that hybridization
and polyploidy get had important and also recurrent roles in the evolution of these forest grasses.
PLANT SURVIVAL AND SOIL WATER AVAILABILITY IN GREEN ROOF MICROCOSMS. JULIE G.
PRICE AND STEPHEN A. WATTS, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY. JASON T. KIRBY AND ROBERT W. PETERS,
DEPT OF CIVIL, CONSTRUCTION, AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, UAB, BIRMINGHAM,
AL 35294. AMY N. WRIGHT, DEPT. OF HORTICULTURE, AUBURN UNIV., AUBURN, AL 36849.
Green roofs represent a harsh habitat where plants must withstand temperature as well as moisture
extremes. Succulents typically have low transpiration transpiration,Â in botany, losing h2o simply by
evaporation in terrestrial plants. Several evaporation occurs directly through the actual exposed
walls regarding surface cells, however the greatest amount requires place through the stomates, as
well as intercellular areas (see leaf). Â rates to outlive drought along with species just like Sedums
are generally planted within green roofs. However, using irrigation, various other non-succulent
species have been successful throughout rooftop trials from UAB. Utilizing species who have higher
transpiration prices may increase the actual advantages of stormwater mitigation as well as reduced
heat flux, because these benefits are generally derived via insulation and also evapotranspiration
Loss of h2o from your soil each by simply evaporation in the soil surface by transpiration from your
leaves of the plants developing about it. Aspects which affect your rate associated with
evapotranspiration include the amount associated with solar radiation, atmospheric vapor pressure,
Â from the actual substrate as well as vegetation. Plug-sized plants involving Antennaria
plantaginifolia, Bouteloua curtipendula, Phlox bifida, Sedum sedum:Â see stonecrop.
Any involving with regards to 600 species involving succulent plants that define your genus Sedum,
within the stonecrop, as well as orpine, loved ones (Crassulaceae), native for you to temperate zones
also to mountains within the tropics. Â album 'France', and Sedum rupestre 'Angelina' had been
planted inside pots together with green roof soil. Plants as well as soil-only controls were subjected
to different degrees of drinking water limitation over 90 days: drinking water to become able to area
capacity every 5, 10, or perhaps twenty days. Soil moisture and in addition the excess weight of
every (pot, soil, and plant combined) had been measured prior to along with soon after rewatering.
Original shoot along with root dry weight associated with extra representative plants had been in
comparison together with final shoot and also root dry weights associated with experimental plants.
only Sedum sp. survived your 20-day watering treatment, and all sorts of various other species had
been most effective within the 5-day watering treatment. Further studies are usually needed to
determine if large-scale application of non-succulents leads to variances in soil temperature along
with stormwater mitigation.
PRELIMINARY EFFECTS OF COUMADIN AND CAFFEINE MIXTURES ON XENOPUS LAEVIS
EMBRYOS: SHOULD THEY BE USED TOGETHER? SUNDE JONES, KRISTIN SHIREY, GEORGE
CLINE, MARK MEADE, AND JAMES RAYBURN. DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, JACKSONVILLE
STATE UNIVERSITY, JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
Coumadin (warfarin warfarinÂ (wÃ´r`f?r?n), anticoagulant used to treat blood clots. Throughout big
doses it brings about bleeding. Warfarin, blended with bait, is used within rodent control.
Anticoagulant drug, marketed as Coumadin. ) is surely an anticoagulant medication employed by
humans in order to prevent strokes and heart attacks. Caffeine can always be a methylxanthine
alkaloid. Caffeine affects the central nerves by escalating alertness as well as decreasing fatigue.
Caffeine can be positioned in Coca-Cola and also Pepsi items as well as hot drinks such as coffee
along with tea. the objective associated with this studies to recognize the actual interactions
(synergism, antagonism or perhaps response addition) which occur with one of these
pharmaceuticals on the developmental toxicity together with frog embryos. Xenopus laevis embryos
are a model organism pertaining to testing developmental toxicity throughout both human along
with environmental health. A New Standardized Frog Embryo Teratogensis Assay (FETAX FETAX
Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus ) was used to decide the 96 hr LC50, EC50
(malformation malformationÂ /malÂ·forÂ·maÂ·tion/ (-for-maÂ´shun)
1. a new kind associated with anomaly.
2. the morphologic defect associated with an organ or perhaps larger region with the body, resulting
from an intrinsically abnormal developmental process. ) and Teratogenic terÂ·aÂ·toÂ·genÂ·ic
Of, relating to, or causing malformations involving an embryo or maybe a fetus.
pertaining to always be able to as well as emanating via teratogen. Â Index (TI) of the 2 chemicals.
each test concentration had two or even 4 replicates per concentration together with 20 added
embryos in little cell blastula blastulaÂ /blasÂ·tuÂ·la/ (blasÂ´tu-lah) pl. blasÂ´tulae Â [L.] your
typically spherical construction produced through cleavage of a zygote, consisting of your single
layer involving cells (blastoderm) surrounding any fluid-filled cavity (blastocoele). Â stage to each
along with every dish. DMSO DMSOÂ dimethyl sulfoxide.
Dimethyl sulfoxide; a new colorless hygroscopic liquid obtained from lignin, used as becoming a
penetrant to be able to convey medications to the tissues.DMSO,
n. Â was used as a solvent for the Coumadin. Every day dead were recorded and also solutions were
changed. Our data indicated an increased LC50 compared in order to the printed perform (Deyoung
et al 1991). the outcomes indicated an increased malformation along with death price inside the
dishes containing each Coumadin (40mg/L) and Caffeine (200 mg/L) that's consistent together with
reaction addition. Caffeine had the particular highest malformations in contrast to always be able to
Coumadin. Right now there was additionally a significant reduce in length towards the tadpoles
found within the dishes containing both Coumadin and also Caffeine.
ROAD--KILL SURVEY OF ALABAMA RED--BELLIED TURTLES ON THE MOBILE BAY CAUSEWAY-
-X. DAVID H. NELSON, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA The
Particular University Or College of South Alabama can be a public, doctoral-level college throughout
Mobile, Alabama, USA. It was made from the Alabama Legislature in 1963, along with replaced
active extension applications managed within Mobile by the College of Alabama. , MOBILE, AL
36688 AND CYNTHIA SCARDAMALIA-NELSON, PROVIDENCE HOSPITAL, MOBILE, AL 36608.
A systematic, road-kill survey ended up being conducted around the Mobile Bay Causeway (US 90 /
98) coming from April 2001 for you to December 2010 for you to assess your quantities of Alabama
red-bellied turtles (Pseudemys alabamensis) which were killed by simply automobile traffic. Any total
associated with 628 mortalities with the endangered, Alabama red-bellied turtle had been recorded
more than your ten-year study: 471 hatchlings, 138 adult females (most gravid gravidÂ /gravÂ·id/
Carrying eggs or even developing young.
graÂ·vid ), 14 juveniles, and also 5 males. Any majority in the hatchlings (96%) over--wintered within
their nests for you to emerge through the next springs (March-April). Mortality involving adult
females has been greatest in the actual course of nesting seasons: May, June, as well as July. Each
Along With Every year, from 5 for you to 28 nesting females (mean = 13.8, many gravid) were killed
by simply vehicular traffic about the road. Throughout 2008, sections associated with chain-link
fencing (totaling 4.1 km [2.6 miles]) were financed and also installed from the Alabama Department
regarding Transportation to reduce roadway mortality associated with P. alabamensis across the
eastern causeway. Since the construction of the particular fencing, turtle mortalities possess
declined significantly: from a total associated with 113 in 2007, for you to 28 in 2008, twenty
throughout 2009, along with 21 in 2010--yearly mortality reductions regarding 75%, 82%, along with
81%. The Particular monitoring of the fences and also turtle mortalities can be continuing. Study
funding has been provided by the Alabama Department of Conservation and natural Sources
Department associated with Conservation as well as natural resources can make reference to
agencies regarding different governments: United States
Alabama Department involving Conservation and All-natural Resources
Nevada Department associated with Conservation and All-natural Resources
: Division associated with Wildlife along with Freshwater Fisheries and furthermore the U. S. Fish
and also Wildlife Service.
THE EFFECTS OF APOLIPOPROTEIN apolipoproteinÂ /apoÂ·lipoÂ·proÂ·tein/ (ap?o-lip?o-proÂ´ten)
any of your protein constituents of lipoproteins, grouped by perform throughout four classes, A, B,
C, and also E.
n. Â MIMETIC PEPTIDES ON INFLAMMATION AND OXIDATIVE STRESS. TORAL PA TEL.
UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM. TORAL PATEL PATEL Pennsylvania Phone
Association Â MENTOR: DAVID GARBER
Coronary Artery Disease coronary artery disease,Â condition which results once the coronary
arteries are generally narrowed or perhaps occluded, most often by simply atherosclerotic deposits
associated with fibrous and fatty tissue. Â (CAD) is the leading cause regarding deaths worldwide,
particularly inside the United States. Despite advances within treating atherosclerosis, many
concerns pertaining to mechanisms involving control of inflammation as well as oxidative stress
remain unanswered. We hypothesize which peptides 4F and Ac-hEl8A-NH2 behave as anti-
inflammatory factors and reduce oxidative stress. We in addition hypothesize in which peptides need
apoA-I in order to boost paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity. Your results of administering peptide 4F
and Ac-hEl8A-NH2 upon oxidative anxiety were evaluated through analysis associated with plasma
inside apoA-I null mice, or even C57B1/6J as well as C3H mice fed possibly normal chow or the
Initiating, increasing, or accelerating atherogenesis.
atherogenicÂ adjective Referring for the power to initiate or perhaps accelerate atherogenesis--the
deposition involving atheromas, lipids, and Â Paigen diet. Oxidative strain had been measured
through amounts associated with totally free 15-F2t-isoprostanes, oxidized lipids, as well as PON-1
along with PAF-AH PAF-AH Platelet Activating Element Acetylhydrolase Â enzymatic activity.
Inflammation was detected via IL-6 as well as SAA levels. Macrophage modulation had been
analyzed by means of immunohistochemistry. Peptides 4F along with Ac-hEl8A-NH2 didn't
significantly alter or even minimize isoprostane levels, lipid hydroperoxides, PON-1 as well as PAF-
AH activity, or even IL-6 levels. C57B1/6J mice fed the particular Paigen diet plan and also handled
with 4F had reduced levels regarding serum amyloid The Serum amyloid A New (SAA) proteins
certainly tend to be a family members of apolipoproteins related together with high-density
lipoprotein (HDL) in plasma. Distinct isoforms involving SAA are usually expressed constitutively
(constitutive SAAs) at different levels as well as in response in order to inflammatory stimuli (acute
phase SAAs). Â (SAA) as well as decreased aortic sinus macrophage load. Cholesterol elevated inside
apoA-I null mice with Ac-hEl8A-NH2 treatment method after a couple of weeks, suggesting that Ac-
hEl8A-NH2 increases apolipoprotein synthesis in these mice. Our results suggest that peptide 4F
requires apoA-I to operate as well as affect PON-1. The Particular information obtained coming from
this study will provide insight in to potential mechanisms by simply which usually peptide 4F as well
as Ac-hE18A-NH2 affect inflammation along with oxidative stress, too because the role regarding
apoA-I inside peptide function.
THE INVASION OF IGOR: DISCOVERY OF MYCOBACTERIOPHAGE. AMBER PEEK, DR. LAJOYCE
DEBRO, AND DR. CHRIS MURDOCK, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIV.,
JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265.
This studies a portion of Howard Hughes Health-related Institute's plan to end up being able to
allow higher education freshman the possiblity to inform yourself in the research location through
executing innovative treatments towards the discoveries associated with mycobacteriophage
utilizing the bacteria host Mycobacterium smegmatis which is actually a cousin to be able to
tuberculosis. Hopefully by locating something which infects Mycobacterium smegmatis it may be
tested about tuberculosis along with potentially cure it. I discovered my mycobacteriophage, Igor, as
well as I managed in order to get my objective to understand every little thing I could concerning it.
Igor, has been captured, tamed along with dissected to its DNA form which in turn only agreed for
you to be cut simply by one restriction enzyme throughout the digestion step. Igor's Transmission
Electron Microscope picture confirmed interesting data which will want to become useful for further
analysis in the future. Acknowledgments HHMI, SEA, and NGRI JSU Biology Department AAS BY
114 Dr. Murdock Dr. Debro
USE OF ALLOZYME MARKERS TO DETECT GENETIC VARIATION IN WALLEYE walleye,
walleye:Â see strabismus.
walleye, in zoology
walleyeÂ or walleyed pike:Â see perch. Â POPULATIONS. AALA A. ABULFARAJ, SIRISHA BETHALA,
JANET GASTON, AND NEIL BILLINGTON, DEPT. OF BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCES, TROY UNIV., TROY, AL 36082.
Walleye (Sander vitreus) will be a large predaceous preÂ·daÂ·ciousÂ also preÂ·daÂ·ceous Â
1. Living by seizing or taking prey; predatory.
2. Offered for you to victimizing, plundering, or destroying for one's very own gain: Â North
American percid fish, that are common within the mid-western U.S. as well as Fantastic Plains
regions. Allozyme markers had been used to survey genetic variation pertaining to 1270 walleyes in
13 populations. Populations had been collected from your mid-west (Iowa Iowa, state, United States
IowaÂ (?`?w?), midwestern state in the N central United States. This is actually bounded from the
Mississippi R. , Minnesota, along with South Dakota) and the Fantastic Plains (Montana, Wyoming,
along with Saskatchewan and also Manitoba, Canada) simply by gillnets along with electrofishing.
Liver and also muscle mass trials were screened simply by cellulose acetate gel electrophoresis. 3
loci were found to be polymorphic inside walleye, esterase esteraseÂ /esÂ·terÂ·ase/ (esÂ´ter-as) just
about any enzyme which usually catalyzes the particular hydrolysis associated with an ester directly
into its alcohol and also acid.
Any associated with different enzymes in which catalyze the particular hydrolysis involving an ester.
Â (EST ESTÂ electroshock therapy.
electroshock therapy Â *), malate dehydrogenase (sMDH-3 *), along with general muscle mass
protein (PROT-3 *). 3 alleles had been available at EST *: * 100, * 105, and also * 115, three alleles
at sMDH-3 *: * 70, * 100, and * 120, and the couple alleles in PROT-3 *: * one hundred and * 160.
Observed genotypic frequencies deviated significantly coming from Hardy-Weinberg anticipations
inside eight populations pertaining to EST *, 5 populations for sMDH-3 *, and also three populations
regarding PROT-3 * most due in order to heterozygote heterozygoteÂ (h?t'?r?z?`g?t): notice
genetics. Â deficiencies. These kind of deviations likely resulted in the Wahlun deffect, since trials
were mostly collected throughout the summer and fall as opposed to through the spring spawning
season. results showed that there was highly significant among population heterogeneity with
regard to walleye in the mid-western U.S. as well as the Excellent Plains more than seventy one loci
(Z=516.37, df=50, p<0.001). Knowledge of genetic variation among walleye populations may help
fisheries management agencies to improve their own management with the species; populations
really must not be mixed since they're genetically heterogeneous.
ZEBRAFISH ARE AN IMPROVED MODEL FOR OBESITY RESEARCH. STEPHEN A. WATTS AND
MICKIE L. POWELL, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, UAB, BIRMINGHAM, AL 35294. LOUIS R. D'ABRAMO,
WILDLIFE, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, MISS. STATE UNIV. MISSISSIPPI STATE, MS 39762.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: The Particular genus species names Danio daÂ·niÂ·oÂ Â
n. pl. daÂ·niÂ·os
Any of a variety of small, usually colorful freshwater fishes in the genera Danio and also
Brachydanio, native for you to Asia along with fashionable as aquarium fish. Â rerio along with
Artemia needs for you to be italicized.
The zebrafish Danio rerio is currently defined as any possible excellent animal model pertaining to
environmental and also biomedical research. several current critiques have reported which zebrafish
have physiological and also molecular responses in order to dietary-induced obesity (DIO) which are
just like individuals present in the majority of mammals, such as humans. Accordingly, responses to
nutrients, nutraceuticals, and also pharmacologics can be evaluated utilizing the zebrafish model.
Unfortunately, confident comparative analysis involving results is not feasible because of the
absence of the standard reference diet. We get successfully developed the first open formulation diet
program that may serve as a reference diet pertaining to long term investigations using zebrafish as
a model. The Actual weight loss plan is made up of chemically-defined ingredients as well as features
a proximate composition associated with 53 % crude protein (containing animal as well as plant
sources), 24% crude lipid (containing n-3 and n-6 sources), 6% ash, 3% fiber, as well as 14%
carbohydrate (by difference). Growth rates as well as survival regarding fish fed the diet program
plan are generally equivalent or perhaps exceed individuals achieved utilizing commercially
obtainable however undefined diets. Anecdotal observations indicate in which adult zebrafish
accomplish higher reproductive achievement when the possible reference diet is fed exclusively
without any dietary supplement regarding traditionally-used are living feed (Artemia nauplii). the
composition with the reference diet plan could be modified for you to evaluate the results of quantity
as well as quality of numerous nutrients upon genomic, transcriptomic, as well as metabolomic
responses while they relate to body fat deposition within zebrafish. Inside addition, the influence of
prophylactic vitamins and pharmacologics in fat deposition may be precisely evaluated.
defining the place and figures associated with animal populations, as well as their variability using
time. Â OF THE INVASIVE SNAIL, MELANOIDES TUBERCULATA (MULLER, 1774) AND ITS
CONCOMITANT TREMATODE trematode:Â see fluke; Platyhelminthes. Â PATHOGEN,
CENTROCESTUS FORMOSANUS (NISHIGORI, 1924). LORI TOLLEY-JORDAN, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY,
JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIV., JACKSONVILLE, AL 36265. MICHAEL CHADWICK, DEPT. OF
GEOGRAPHY, KINGS COLLEGE LONDON, LONDON, UK.
Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae), a parthenogenetic, operculate oÂ·perÂ·cuÂ·lateÂ Â
Having an operculum.
Adj. 1. operculate - having an operculum
operculated Â snail associated with Asian origin, may be the most typical 1st intermediate host of
Centrocestus formosanus (Digenea: Heterophyidae), any pathogen regarding Asian origin that
triggers decreased fitness or even mortality inside 2nd intermediate fish hosts. We documented
range expansions (outside of Southeast Asia) of M. tuberculata, along with C. formosanus infections
in snails and host fishes utilizing printed records. results confirmed M. tuberculata occurs in tropical
waters about almost all continents, the particular Caribbean, Indo-Pacific and Oceanic islands.
Further, within temperate latitudes, your snail invaded warm-water springs along with drinking
water temperatures greater as compared to 17 degrees C. the parasite has been also globally
distributed by simply M. tuberculata along with fishes (128 species); albeit simply no infected snails
or fishes were reported from the Caribbean, South America, as well as Africa. We suspect further
invasions into novel methods via releases regarding infected snails and fishes. Throughout addition,
declines inside populations of uncommon fishes, especially inside warm-water springs, tend to be
associated with significant concern. Monitoring the actual invasion involving snails as well as
parasites directly into novel freshwaters is actually essential to document, as well as probably
prevent, further range expansions of those invasive species.
Biological Sciences Poster Abstracts
A SURVEY OF CHYTRID FUNGUS, BATRACHOCHYTRIUM DENDROBATIDIS, INFECTION OF
AMPHIBIANS IN THE MONTEVALLO AREA OF ALABAMA. PATRICK D. MORRIS AND DR. JILL A.
WICKNICK, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, CHEMISTRY, AND MATHEMATICS, UNIV. OF MONTEVALLO,
MONTEVALLO, AL 35115. MELANIE L. STYERS, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, BIRMINGHAM-SOUTHER-
-COLLEGE, BIRMINGHAM, AL 35294.
Global amphibian declines and extinctions tend to be linked to the infectious fungal disease,
chytridiomycosis, that is caused with a chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis [Bd]).
Rescues regarding imperiled species are already inhibited because of to be able to uneven global
survey efforts, which prohibit charting a complete map in the pathogen's distribution. We initiated
the neighborhood surveying program inside the Montevallo location through examining amphibians
for that presence of Bd. A New total regarding 74 amphibians were swabbed with regard to skin
brushings, and tested for that existence of Bd using PCR PCRÂ polymerase chain reaction.
polymerase chain reactionPolymerase chain reaction (PCR)Â Â (Polymerase Chain Reaction)
analysis. 6 bullfrog bullfrog,Â common title in the largest North American frog, Rana catesbeiana.
Native towards the E United States, this species may be effectively introduced in the West plus some
other areas of your world. The Particular body duration is 4 to always be able to 8 in. Â (Lithobates
catesbeianus) tadpoles tested positive regarding Bd spores and originated from a single pond.
Species that tested negative included Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius, Anaxyrus terrestris,
Anaxyrus americanus, Hyla cinerea, as well as Hyla versicolor/chrysoscelis. Lithobates catesbeianus
show mild signs and also symptoms or simply no signs and symptoms when carrying Bd. Simply
Because the illness just isn't lethal to always be able to L. catesbeianus, it can be a possible
disseminator regarding chytridiomycosis in the Montevallo area. Funding with regard to this
research has been provided from the McNair Scholars program along along with a UM faculty
analysis grant for you to MLS. KEYWORDS: Alabama, amphibian decline, Batrachochytrium
dendrobatidis, chytridiomycosis, Lithobates catesbeianus, PCR, survey
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AMONG ESCHERICHIA COLI FROM HUMAN, BOVINE, AND EQUINE
SAMPLES. JENNIFER KENNARD, BRIAN BURNES, DEPT. OF BIOLOGICAL AND
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, UNIV. OF WEST ALA., LIVINGSTON, AL 35470.
Escherichia coli ended up being collected from three distinct hosts from your Fish River Basin and
also tested pertaining to growth in reaction to thirteen different antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance has
been measured using your Kirby-Bauer Disc Diffusion Assay. Zones associated with inhibition had
been recorded along with analyzed for correlation one of the distinct animals. the E. coli in the
human samples were located to become much more resistant in order to ampicillin
ampicillinÂ (?m'p?s?l`?n), a new penicillin-type antibiotic which is effective against each gram-
negative microorganisms as well as gram-positive microorganisms for example Escherichia coli. ,
amoxicillin, chloramphenicol chloramphenicolÂ (kl?r'?mf?n`?k?l'), antibiotic efficient against a wide
range of gram-negative and also gram-positive bacteria (see Gram's stain). That was originally
isolated from a species of Streptomyces bacteria. , ciprofloxacin, erythromycin
erythromycinÂ (?r?th'r?m?`s?n), any of numerous associated antibiotic drugs produced simply by
bacteria in the genus Streptomyces (see antibiotic). , gentamicin gentamicinÂ /genÂ·taÂ·miÂ·cin/
(jen?tah-miÂ´sin) an aminoglycoside antibiotic complex isolated coming from bacteria in the genus
Micromonospora, , nalidixic acid, along with sulfisoxazole. E. coli obtained via equines were located
to become much more resistant to become able to neomycin neomycinÂ (n?'?m?`s?n), broad
spectrum antibiotic efficient against both gram positive and also gram negative bacteria (see Gram's
stain). Â and streptomycin whereas E. coli obtained through bovines had been discovered being
more capacity spectinomycin spectinomycinÂ /specÂ·tiÂ·noÂ·myÂ·cin/ (spek?ti-no-miÂ´sin) an
antibiotic derived via Streptomyces spectabilis, employed since the hydrochloride salt in the
treatment method regarding gonorrhea. , oxtetracycline, along with tetracycline. Inside conclusion,
you will find clear differences within the antibiotic resistances among E. coli from your 3 hosts.
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE PATTERNS OF ESCHERICHIA COLI FROM THE GASTROINTESTINAL
TRACTS OF HUMANS, CATTLE, AND DEER. BRIAN S. BURNES, DEPT. OF BIOLOGICAL AND
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, UNIV. OF WEST ALA., LIVINGSTON, AL 35470.
One thousand 1 hundred and also forty four strains associated with E.coli were isolated from a
municipal wastewater remedy plant Wastewater treatment method plant in addition known as
wastewater treatment method works
Sewage treatment method - therapy and also disposal regarding human waste.
Industrial wastewater treatment - your remedy involving wet wastes coming from manufacturing
business and commerce which includes mining, quarrying and
, cattle, or even deer in the Dry Creek watershed throughout central Alabama as well as tested for
resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, neomycin, oxytetracyclin, spectinomycin
dihydrochloride, streptomycin sulfate, and also tetracycline hydrochloride. Eighty 3 distinctive
resistance patterns were observed; 78 coming from humans, 8 via cattle, and also six coming from
deer. Resistance to absolutely no antibiotics was found in 39% of cattle E.coli along with 48% of deer
E.coli, nevertheless only 1% of human E.coli. over 50% in the remaining cattle E.coli as well as over
46% with the remaining deer E.coli were resistance to no less than one as well as 2 antibiotics,
compared to 18% associated with a person's E.coli. Resistance to three or perhaps more antibiotics
had been seen in 7% of cattle E.coli, 0% regarding deer E.coli, and 81% of human E.coli. Simply No
E.coli via cattle or deer had been resistant for you to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, neomycin, or
oxytetracycline oxytetracyclineÂ /oxyÂ·tetÂ·raÂ·cyÂ·cline/ (ok?se-tet?rah-siÂ´klen) a new broad-
spectrum tetracycline antibiotic produced simply by Streptomyces rimosus, utilized because the
base or the hydrochloride salt. , nonetheless 82% involving human E.coli had been resistant for you
to ampicilin, 58% to chloramphenicol, 38% in order to neomycin, as well as 43% in order to
oxytetracycline. The Particular results regarding this study suggest that cattle and also deer get
antibiotic resistance patterns which are clearly differentiable via humans, along with that cattle and
also deer existing lower risks of harboring or even spreading antibiotic resistant E. coli compared to
CHANGES IN INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM CONCENTRATION IN CRUSTACEAN (CALLINECTES
SAPIDUS) Y-ORGANS: RELATION TO THE HEMOLYMPHATIC ECDYSTEROID TITER. HSIANG-YIN
CHEN, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, UNIV. OF ALA. AT BIRMINGHAM, AL 35294. RICHARD M. DILLAMAN
AND ROBERT D. ROER, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY, UNIV. OF NORTH CAROLINA
AT WILMINGTON, NC 28403. R. DOUGLAS WATSON WatÂ·sonÂ , James Dewey Born 1928.
American biologist which along with Francis Crick proposed any spiral model, the double helix, for
the molecular construction involving DNA. He shared a 1962 Nobel prize for advances inside the
research regarding genetics. , DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, UNIV. OF ALA. AT BIRMINGHAM, AL 35294.
Secretion of ecdysteroid molting hormones by simply crustacean Y-organs is actually negatively
regulated (inhibited) through molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH), any neuropeptide
neuropeptideÂ /neuÂ·roÂ·pepÂ·tide/ (noor?o-pepÂ´tid) some of the molecules made up of brief
chains of amino acids (endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, etc.) found in mind tissue.
n. Â produced simply by neurosecretory neurosecretory
pertaining for you to or emanating in the secretory actions associated with nerve cells.
the form in which neurosecretions are usually passed alongside axons to always be able to launch
them in in order to the blood. Â cells within the eyestalks. The Particular impact regarding MIH in Y-
organs is mediated by one or a lot more cyclic nucleotide second messengers. in addition, extant
information indicate that will ecdysteroidogenesis can be positively regulated (stimulated) by
intracellular Ca++. Our prior results indicated that ablating the actual eyestalks coming from blue
crabs (Callinectes sapidus), to remove the endogenous way to always be able to obtain MIH along
with activate Y-organs, resulted in an increase in Ca++ inside Y-organ cells; connected with the rise
in intracellular Ca++ was a significant boost in the hemolymphatic ecdysteroid titer. Within
experiments reported here, we measured Ca++ ranges within Y-organ cells (using any fluorescent
calcium indicator, Fluo-4) as well as ecdysteroid levels inside hemolymph
hemolymphÂ /heÂ·moÂ·lymph/ (heÂ´mo-limf?)
1. blood and also lymph.
2. the bloodlike fluid regarding these invertebrates having open blood-vascular systems.
n. Â (using radioimmunoassay) during selected phases of a natural molting cycle. Calcium
fluorescence within Y-organ cells elevated >6-fold between intermolt (stage C) and late premolt
(stage D3) (P<0.05), then dropped during postmolt (stage A) to a degree indistinguishable through
that noticed in intermolt (P>0.05). Changes inside the hemolymphatic ecdysteroid titer adopted a
similar pattern, rising from 1.4 ng/ml within intermolt (stage C) to always be able to 357.1 ng/ml
inside late premolt (stage D3), after which dropping for you to 30.3 ng/ml inside postmolt (stage A).
Your over outcomes tend to be constant with most the hypothesis that ecdysteroidogenesis is
stimulated by simply an boost in intracellular Ca++. additional findings from our lab indicate
intracellular Ca++ may be associated with enhanced ecdysteroidogenesis through activation
involving cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase phosphodiesteraseÂ /phosÂ·phoÂ·diÂ·esÂ·terÂ·ase/ (-
di-esÂ´ter-as) any of your group regarding enzymes that will catalyze the particular hydrolytic
cleavage associated with an ester linkage inside a phosphoric acid compound containing two such
ester linkages. .
DIAMONDBACK TERRAPINS: EVALUATING THE HOME RANGE OF ADULT FEMALES IN CEDAR
POINT MARSH, ALABAMA. TAYLOR ROBERGE, ANDREW COLEMAN, THANE WIBBELS AND KEN
MARION, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, AL
35205. DAVID NELSON, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA, MOBILE, AL
36688. JOHN DINDO, DISL, DAUPHIN ISLAND, AL 36528.
The diamondback terrapin terrapinÂ (t?r`?p?n), term for several edible turtles regarding clean or
even brackish water.
Any omnivorous aquatic turtle in the loved ones Emydidae, especially the diamondback terrapin
(Malaclemys terrapin). , Malaclemys terrapin, was once an extremely abundant species inside the
salt marshes of Alabama. a assortment of threats have impacted this species and resulted within
drastic declines more than yesteryear century. The Actual diamondback terrapin can be at present
considered a species associated with highest conservation concern within Alabama. Surveys more
than yesteryear five years indicate the diamondback terrapin will be at present represented through
small nesting aggregations within particular salt marshes on the Alabama coast. Your current study
evaluated the particular actions associated with adult female terrapins in the largest recognized
nesting aggregation inside Alabama. Radio transmitters had been fitted to eight adult females
throughout the 2010 nesting season. These transmitters were built along with a range of
approximately 1.0 km and a life in the battery regarding approximately one year. the results indicate
in which some associated with the females get relatively small house ranges (e.g. the km as well as
less), along with remain resident in the salt marsh straight adjacent towards the nesting beach. Your
results have got implications with regard to each the ecology and conservation regarding
diamondback terrapin inside Alabama. This work is getting funded by means of circumstances
wildlife grant and a costal region management program. Supplemental funding has been provided by
the U.A.B. Department associated with Biology and additionally the Alabama Academy associated
EFFECT OF MEGADOSE megÂ·aÂ·dose
An exceptionally big dose, as of a drug as well as vitamin.
A very large dose of a vitamin, taken by simply some individuals as a sort of self-medication.
Mentioned in: Vitamin Toxicity Â LEVELS OF DIETARY VITAMIN D IN THE SEA URCHIN
LYTECHINUS VARIEGATUS. WARREN T. JONES, STEPHEN A. WATTS, THE UNIVERSITY OF
ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, AL, 35294, ANTHONY SICCARDI III, AND ADDISON
L. LAWRENCE, TEXAS AGRILIFE MARICULTURE RESEARCH PROJECT, PORT ARANSAS, TX
Small Lytechinus variegatus (ca. 18g wet weight) were collected coming from Saint Joseph Bay,
Florida and transported for the Texas Agrilife Mariculture Analysis Laboratory. Urchins were
acclimated to laboratory conditions (32 ppt salinity, 22 C, 12:12 photoperiod
photoperiodÂ /phoÂ·toÂ·peÂ·riÂ·od/ (foÂ´to-per?e-od) the particular period of time per day an
organism can be subjected to daylight (or to artificial light).photoperiodÂ´ic
n. ) and also place into individual open-ended plastic mesh cages (n = 16 per diet plan treatment).
Prior for the study, 16 urchins had been dissected to end up being able to obtain initial weights of
organs. Teams involving 16 urchins every were fed one of eight semi-purified diet programs
supplemented with a range of other levels associated with vitamin D3 including 6360 IU vitamin
D/kg diet plan for you to 8,160,000 IU vitamin D/kg diet. Significant putting on weight along with
100% survival had been observed in all treatments. From 15 weeks, sea urchins fed vitamin D diet
programs didn't display observable pathologies and did not demonstrate dietary toxicity despite your
megadose amounts regarding dietary vitamin D. Sea urchins fed 6460, 2,060,000, and 8,160,000 IU
vitamin D/kg diet plan had significantly higher dry lantern weights than those fed 73,100 IU vitamin
D/kg diet program (ANCOVA, p<0.05). Additionally, sea urchins fed 73,100 along with 2,060,000 IU
vitamin D/kg diet plan had higher dry gonad weights than those fed 6360 and 8,160,000 IU vitamin
D/kg diet program (ANCOVA, p<0.05). Below the conditions regarding this study, vitamin D failed to
affect survival nor produce observable pathology. Supported in part from the Mississippi-Alabama
Sea Grant Consortium.
EFFECTS OF APOLIPOPROTEIN MIMETIC PEPTIDES ON INFLAMMATION AND OXIDATIVE
STRESS. TORAL PA TEL, TAMARA KEENUM, GAURAV NAYYAR, VINOD MISHRA, MAYAKONDA
PALGUNACHARI, DAVID GARBER. UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM.
Coronary Artery Disease may always be the leading trigger involving deaths worldwide, particularly
in the United States. Regardless of advances within control of atherosclerosis, many concerns
pertaining to mechanisms involving treating inflammation and oxidative anxiety remain unanswered.
We hypothesize that will peptide 4F acts being an anti-inflammatory factor and also reduces
oxidative stress. The Particular outcomes of administering peptide 4F about oxidative tension had
been evaluated by analysis regarding plasma throughout C57B1/6J and C3H mice fed possibly
normal chow or even the atherogenic Paigen diet. Oxidative strain ended up being measured
through levels regarding totally free 15-F2t-isoprostanes and also oxidized lipids, along with
paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) along with PAF-AH enzymatic activity. Inflammation has been detected
inside plasma regarding animals by measuring IL-6 and serum amyloid Any (SAA) levels.
Macrophage modulation ended up being analyzed via immunohistochemistry pertaining to aortic
sinus macrophage load. Peptide 4F did not significantly minimize isoprostane levels. Remedy along
with peptide did not alter or even decrease lipid hydroperoxides, PON-1 along with PAF-AH activity,
or IL-6 levels. C57B1/6J mice, however, not C3H mice, fed the particular Paigen diet had increased
amounts regarding SAA, along with administration of 4F reduced SAA levels to your people involving
mice about regular chow. Macrophage load significantly decreased in mice fed the particular
atherogenic diet. Our results declare that C3H mice are much less susceptible to inflammation
around the Paigen diet plan compared to C57B1/61, as seen by means of concentrations involving
inflammatory markers. Your details obtained coming from this study will supply insight in to
potential mechanisms by simply which peptide 4F affects inflammation and also oxidative stress.
EXPRESSION ANALYSIS OF Any POTENTIAL MALE SEX DETERMINING FACTOR IN The TURTLE
WITH TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT SEX DETERMINATION Temperature-dependent sex
determination (TSD) can be where the surrounding temperature determines your sex involving an
organism. Turtles, crocodilians, and some squamates could exhibit this characteristic. . KAYLA
BIESER AND THANE WIBBELS, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, UNIV. OF ALA. AT BIRMINGHAM,
BIRMINGHAM, AL 35294
Many reptiles possess temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD TSDÂ Tay-Sachs disease. ),
where your incubation temperature in the egg determines the sex of the hatchling. A New quantity
of mammalian and avian sex deciding genes tend to be present within reptiles, yet none are already
verified to Gated House Chevy Chase MD become your sex figuring out switch. DMRT
DMRTÂ Diploma in medical Radio-Therapy (Brit.). 1 is a transcription factor that regulates target
genes triggering testis formation. in birds, your Z-linked gene DMRT1 may be implicated because
the male sex determining gene. Knockdown expression regarding DMRT1 resulted throughout
genetic males turning into sex reversed. Throughout the particular red-eared slider turtle,
Trachernys scripta, DMRT1 exhibits sexually dimorphic expression prior to and through the
temperature sensitive period. DMRT1 expression is up-regulated in male-producing temperatures,
but remains lower throughout female-producing temperatures. to further research the actual role
regarding DMRT1 throughout TSD reptiles, T scripta embryos were incubated in male along with
female producing temperatures. Additionally, embryos were sex reversed coming from female-t-
-male having an aromatase inhibitor (Letrozole) and via male-to-female together with 17f3-estradiol.
Adrenal-kidney-gonad complexes had been dissected from the embryos in developmental levels 15,
17, 19, 21, along with 23 and also qPCR ended up being performed. the outcomes are usually
consistent having an increase in DMRT1 expression in male producing temperatures and throughout
female-to-male sex reversal. These kinds of results present an insight into the possible role of
DMRT1 like a male sex deciding aspect throughout TSD within T. scripta. Funding given by Sigma-Xi
Grants-in-Aid of Research.
FISHES OF THE UPPER CHOCCOLOCCO CREEK SUB-WATERSHED IN ALABAMA GREGORY
SCULL , MEGAN CORDLE , AND MARK MEADE   DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY,
JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY, JACKSONVILLE, ALABAMA 36265  UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE united States Department involving Agriculture (USDA),
n.pr set up in 1862, USDA will be responsible for that safety associated with meat, poultry, and also
egg products. The idea conducts ongoing analysis in areas through human nutrition to new crop
technologies and helps as well ensure open , NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE,
GADSDEN, ALABAMA 35901
Surveys were conducted in order to document your distribution involving fishes within the
headwaters involving Choccolocco Creek, any tributary in the Center Coosa River System. Your
Coosa River System will be considered being one in the most diverse system within the Mobile Basin
in terms of fishes and is also described as containing 147 freshwater species (Mettee, O'Neil along
with Pierson, 1996). Collections made at 27 stations during the timeframe involving 2008 via 2010
resulted in the captures involving 4,316 people as well as an inventoried fish fauna comprised
involving 10 families, as well as 39 species. The Particular results of those surveys reveal that the
upper Choccolocco Creek Sub-watershed is diverse in regards to its fish fauna containing 27% with
the 147 species described from your Coosa River System.
hydrocyanic acid. Â CHANNELS AND 4-AP INDUCED EPILEPTIFORM ACTIVITY. STEVEN
PALLADINO, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM,
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, 35294. JOHN HABLITZ, DEPARTMENT OF NEUROBIOLOGY
Study with the development as well as operate in the nervous system, along with emphasis on how
nerve cells create and manage behavior. The Particular major aim regarding neurobiology is to
explain at the molecular degree how nerve cells differentiate and develop their own , UNIVERSITY
OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, 35294.
Epilepsy can always be a disease characterized by dysfunction within the inhibitory and/or excitatory
signaling mechanism involving neurons. The Actual 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) model regarding epilepsy
enables for the induction associated with epileptiform exercise whilst preserving excitatory and
inhibitory synaptic activity. in this study, we employed voltage- as well as present clamp recording to
examine the role of hyperpolarization-activated non-specific cation channels HCN inside the 4-AP
model. Patch clamp recordings were obtained coming from layer 5 cortical pyramidal cells inside rat
brain slices. Manage recordings obtained inside the existence of 4-AP and additionally the HCN
channel blocker ZD7288 (20 uM) ended up being bath applied. current clamp recordings confirmed
an increase inside the duration of evoked epileptiform events right after bath application regarding
ZD7288. Within voltage clamp recordings, similar increases inside duration were observed. This
shows that changes had been to enhanced input for the recorded cell rather than alterations in
resting prospective as well as input resistance. Blockade regarding HCN channel enhances
epileptiform activity through growing network excitability.
IDENTIFYING SOURCES OF PATHOGEN
CONTAMINATION IN THE UPPER FISH RIVER,
ALABAMA. BRIAN S. BURNES, PH.D. DEPT. OF
BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, UNIV.
OF W. ALA., LIVINGSTON, AL 35470.
Fish River, inside the Weeks Bay watershed, Baldwin
County, Alabama Baldwin County is a county in the U.S.
state regarding Alabama. It is identified as in honor
associated with Abraham Baldwin, a new person in the
particular united States Senate from Georgia who, ironically, in simply no way truly lived inside
Alabama. Since involving 2000 the people will be 140,415 . Â is on the Clean Drinking Water Act
[section]303(d) record regarding pathogen contamination. Typical efforts to cut back possible
sources regarding pathogen contamination, for example fencing-out cattle, providing an alternative
solution watering source, and providing a new hard-bottom crossing, failed to cut back pathogen
counts in the Fish River. Additionally, development inside the upper Fish River watershed provides
additional numerous possible resources for example septic systems, sewer lines, wastewater remedy
plants, and urban stormwater runoff. In Order To address this problem, E. coli from the 3 major web
sites inside the upper Fish River were tested with regard to antibiotic resistance as well as the
results were analysed using linear discriminant operate analysis Discriminant function analysis
necessitates the predicting of your categorical dependent variable by one or perhaps more constant
or even binary impartial variables. This is statistically the alternative involving MANOVA. . Antibiotic
resistance patterns exhibited by the Fish River E. coli had been compared to the antibiotic
resistance involving E. coli in a reference database generated from humans, cattle, along with
horses to establish the most most likely source(s) involving pathogen pollution. Though significant E.
coli contributions had been identified coming from humans, your predominant antibiotic resistance
patterns seem being through horses.
ISOLATION OF KURTHIA GIBSONII FROM BOTTOM OF SHOE. ZACHARY L. RILEY AND BRIAN
BURNES, PH. D. UNIVERSITY OF WEST ALABAMA Notable Alumni
Jeff Branson, retired major League Baseball infielder
Chris Mitchell, retired UWA Legend lineman
the late Charles Martin, retired National Football League defensive tackle
Scott Gray, contestant along with winner about NBC's Treasure Hunters
Â LIVINGSTON, AL 35470.
Tests had been done to spot the kind of bacteria species was on the bottom of the shoe that was
confronted with canine feces. The Particular microbe ended up being motile moÂ·tile
1. Shifting or perhaps obtaining the power to go spontaneously.
2. of as well as relating to mental imagery that will arises primarily through sensations involving
bodily movement and also position rather than via visual or auditory sensations. , gram +, non-
sporing, rod shaped, non-pigmented, aerobic, and it grew significantly with 42 degrees Celsius.
Biolog plate test indicated the bacteria grew in 5 and 6 pH amounts at 5 in order to 6% NaC1
solution. Through comparison in order to Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology
Study regarding bacteria. Modern understanding of bacterial forms dates through Ferdinand Cohn's
classifications. Additional researchers, like Louis Pasteur, established the actual connection in
between bacteria as well as fermentation along with disease. , 9th edition, it's concluded the trial
will be Kurthia gibsonii. Kurthia is found inside cured meat which has been stored from elevated
temperatures additionally for you to getting in stomachs associated with mammals. Nevertheless the
majority of frequently species associated with Kurthia is found inside the feces involving domestic
animals such as chickens along with pigs, however the bacteria has additionally been located in the
feces of human patients having diarrhea. Leaving a new colony involving Kurthia inside the direct
sunlight elevated the development rate, therefore, decreasing your temperature involving the
environment discourages the development involving Kurthia gibsonii.
MEASURING MARSH PLANT PRODUCTIVITY AND MICRO-, MEIO-, AND MACROFAUNAL
ABUNDANCE AND DIVERSITY IN RESPONSE TO OILING IN A New NORTHERN GULF OF
MEXICO Noun 1. Gulf regarding Mexico - an arm in the Atlantic for the south of the united States
and also for the east of Mexico
Golfo de Mexico
Atlantic, Atlantic Ocean - the particular 2nd largest ocean; separates North along with Latin America
on the west through Europe as well as Africa about the east Â SALT MARSH. LEE STANTON, BRIAN
BURNES AND JOHN MCCALL, DEPT., OF BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, UNIV.
OF WEST ALA., LIVINGSTON, AL 35470.
Much uncertainty exists concerning the actual impact that oiling might have on the ecology
involving intertidal salt marsh systems. Your Deepwater Horizon event supplies a distinctive
possibility to assess the approach in which by which salt marsh communities reply in order to
stressors regarding this nature. in addition, it provides an possibility to assess the long-term
reaction with the salt marsh community at numerous levels. Our aim is always to quantify the actual
impacts to microbial and meiofaunal distributions, plant diversity and productivity, and also
macrofaunal habitat utilization by simply researching oiled for you to non-oiled salt marshes
throughout coastal Alabama along with Louisiana. We have got begun sampling microbial and
meiofaunal distributions, plant diversity and productivity, as well as macrofauna habitat utilization in
each oil-impacted and also non-impacted spots at Point aux Pins (PAP) salt marsh inside south
Mobile County, Alabama Mobile County is truly a county with the U.S. state associated with
Alabama. Its title is within honor of the tribe associated with Indians, the particular Maubila tribe
(see Mobilian). Since associated with 2003 its population ended up being 399,747. Its county seat
will be Mobile. . Details coming from NOAA's SCAT-Mobile Ground Observations
(www.geoplatform.gov/gulfresponse) about August 3, 2010 indicate light and also moderate oiling
on the eastern shore of PAP, too as comparable non-oiled areas. similar examples will possibly be
collected quarterly through marsh locations close to Port Fourchon, LA. Your SCAT-LA Ground
Observations indicate heavily oiled areas in Timbalier Bay marshes starting in Might of 2009, along
with adjacent places clear of oiling. Louisiana web sites is going to be sampled limited to microbial,
meiofaunal, as well as plant community composition, and will supply a heavily oiled/non-oiled point
associated with reference for comparison for you to Alabama sites. while Alabama as well as
Louisiana salt marsh system are fundamentally different within structure, the comparison associated
with oiled along with non-oiled websites in the two places may offer insight into how these two
distinct communities reply in order to along with recover from oil stress.
MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION OF GASTROINTESTINAL BACTERIA FROM ADULT COPE'S GREY
TREEFROGS (HYLA CHRYSOSCELIS). BENJIE BLAIR, CHRIS MURDOCK, AND CHERYL SESSLER,
JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY 36265.
Hyla chrysoscelis, or Cope's Grey Treefrogs, are common in the eastern united States and also are
not recognized to become that great population declines observed in many amphibian populations.
Anuran metamorphosis brings about remodeling of the intestinal tract via tadpoles which have
simple intestinal organization in order to more complicated adult frogs. Adult digestive tracts will
always be more structurally much like these of higher organisms, including mammals. previous
studies have shown in which adults feed totally on insects, whilst tadpoles filter feed a range of
organisms in the drinking water column. These bacteria are believed to be highly associated with
correct nutrient assimilation and immune function. the objective of this project is often to
molecularly identify bacteria inside the gastrointestinal tract regarding adult Cope's grey treefrogs.
5 adult H. chrysoscelis were collected from the single website within Jacksonville, Alabama as well
as euthanized in accordance with AVMA guidelines. Gastrointestinal tracts had been removed from
each frog as well as homogenized and pooled. Genomic DNA has been extracted from your pooled
trial along with 16S ribosomal DNA genes had been amplified making use of universal eubacterial
primers. PCR products had been cloned as well as sequenced. Sequence analysis and phylogenetic
construction was performed making use of MEGA 4.0 software. Following phylogenetic analysis,
98% in the trials were classified in to among 4 phyla--Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and
Verrucomicrobia. Sequence analysis associated with >97% homology provided genera tips regarding
numerous clones. Eight novel 16S rDNA sequences had been printed inside the GenBank database.
POPULATION DYNAMICS OF SUGAR MAPLE (ACER SACCHARUM MARSH.) AT THE SOUTHERN
PORTION OF ITS RANGE: IMPLICATIONS FOR RANGE MIGRATION AND SUCCESSION. CRAIG M.
TURBERVILLE AND JUSTIN L. HART, DEPT. OF GEOGRAPHY, UNIV. OF ALA., TUSCALOOSA, AL
Evidence pertaining to climate adjust driven range migration exists to obtain a selection associated
with tree species inside eastern North America. Northward range migration with regard to tree
species within the region takes a reduction in population density close to become able to the
southern range boundary coupled with an boost in population density at the northern range
boundary. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) is one such species which has been projected by a
quantity of biogeographic models for you to shift north in accord using climate. However, any
widespread pattern regarding elevated sugar maple density has been reported within the forest
science literature from the selection of sites all through the particular species' range. This specific
pattern is actually linked to a complex associated with interacting elements and has been
hypothesized to represent an optimistic feedback that will facilitates sugar maple regeneration. the
primary aim of our own study ended up becoming to test which of those hypothesis (range migration
as well as succession) had been correct for that southern portion of the sugar maple range. We
employed Forest inventory as well as Analysis program information to check region-wide population
dynamics regarding this species on the plot-by-plot basis. Changes inside frequency, density, and
also dominance involving sugar maple trees as well as seedlings had been in comparison more than
multiple a extended time for your states of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, as well as West Virginia.
STRUCTURAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF THE INTERACTIONS
BETWEEN HIV-1 MATRIX AND CALMODULIN calmodulinÂ /calÂ·modÂ·uÂ·lin/ (kal-modÂ´u-lin) any
calcium-binding protein present in all nucleated cells; it mediates many different cellular reponses in
order to calcium.
n. . TIMOTHY F. FERNANDEZ, RUBA H. GHANAM, EMILY L. FLEDDERMAN, JAMIL S. SAAD,
DEPT. OF MICROBIOLOGY, UNIV. OF ALA., BIRMINGHAM, AL 35294.
Although it is widely accepted which targeting in the Gag polypeptide towards the plasma
membrane is important pertaining to proper assembly of human immunodeficiency virus human
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
A transmissible retrovirus that triggers AIDS in humans. Â type one (HIV-1), Gag's intracellular
interactions and trafficking to its assembly websites inside the infected cell are generally poorly
understood. HIV-1 Gag Condos In Gated Communities Chevy Chase MD was demonstrated to
interact as well as co-localize along with calmodulin (CaM), the ubiquitous as well as highly-
conserved Ca2+-binding protein expressed in all eukaryotic eukaryoticÂ /euÂ·karyÂ·otÂ·ic/ (u?kar--
-otÂ´ik) pertaining into a eukaryon or to the eukaryote.
pertaining for you to eukaryosis.
see cell. Â cells and it is implicated in a variety associated with cellular functions. Binding of HIV-1
Gag to end up being able to CaM will be determined by calcium and it is mediated by the N-
terminally myristoylated matrix (myr(+)MA) domain. We demonstrate in which CaM binds to
myr(+)MA having a dissociation constant (Kd)--2 inM along with 1:1 stoichiometry stoichiometry
Determination in the proportions (by weight or variety of molecules) where elements or perhaps
compounds react using 1 another. Your rules regarding identifying stoichiometric relationships are
usually based on the laws involving conservation (see
. Our information says CaM binding to MA induces the extrusion in the myr group. However, in
contrast to just about all as well as any recognized examples involving CaM-binding myristoylated
proteins our data demonstrate that the myr team will be subjected to solvent rather than involved in
CaM binding. The Actual interactions between CaM along with myr(+)MA are endothermic
endothermicÂ /enÂ·doÂ·therÂ·mic/ (-therÂ´mik) seen as an as well as accompanied by the absorption
enÂ·doÂ·therÂ·micÂ or enÂ·doÂ·therÂ·mal
1. Â and entropically driven, suggesting which hydrophobic contacts are critical regarding binding.
Because revealed simply by NMR NMR:Â see magnetic resonance. Â data, both CaM along with MA
apparently engage significant regions and/or undergo significant conformational changes upon
binding. We believe which our findings will supply new insights about how Gag might interact with
CaM throughout the HIV HIVÂ (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), both involving two closely related
retroviruses that will invade T-helper lymphocytes and thus are in charge of AIDS. There are two
kinds of HIV: HIV-1 as well as HIV-2. HIV-1 can be responsible for the bulk regarding AIDS in the
United States. Â replication cycle.
THE EFFECTS OF INCREASING OCEAN ACIDIFICATION acidification
a technologies utilized by processors to preserve meals with the actual assist of acids (such as
acetic, citric, phosphoric, propionic and also lactic acid) and thereby decrease the likelihood of
growth associated with harmful bacteria. Â ON THE COVERING BEHAVIOR OF LYTECHINUS
VARIGATUS. ROBERTA CHALLENER, GRANT HINKLE, AND JAMES B. MCCLINTOCK,
UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, AL 35233.
Covering behavior inside the common nearshore sea urchin Lytechinus varigetus has been evaluated
throughout prior laboratory as well as area studies. Numerous hypotheses are already postulated to
end up being able to explain any covering reaction such as protection coming from UV radiation as
well as camoflauge coming from predation. Since such, knowing the potential impacts regarding
ocean acidification upon this behavior (ubiquitous among normal sea urchins) is actually important.
The Particular current research investigated the particular effects of prolonged (3.5 month)
coverage for you to near-term end-of-century ocean acidification (pH 7.8) and ambient seawater pH
(8.2) upon each your rate and quantity associated with covering inside young adult Lytechinus
varigetus. Within one experiment, people (mean diameter = x cm) had been offered X? glass balls ( x
cm ball diameter) and in addition the total quantity of balls held on the test counted after 20 min. in
any second experiment, the identical people had been offered X? glass balls as well as the number of
balls held about the test counted each 4 hrs more than a new round-the-clock period associated with
time (12 light: 12 darkish photoperiod) inside both pH treatments. Presently there had been no
significant distinction inside the number of balls held about the test after 20 min either in pH
therapy (mean balls held = X in pH 7.8, x within pH 8.2). Whilst there is a pattern of helping the
number of balls held about the test over the really first 12 daylight hours, and also higher figures
then held by means of the night time compared in order to the daylight hours, there had been clearly
simply no significant effect involving seawater pH in possibly your price or even the quantity
involving cover. Our findings indicate that will covering behavior within L. varigatus is not impacted
by near-term ocean acidification.
USE OF PHYSIOLOGICAL INDICES IN MONITORING FISH STRESS. MEGAN CORDLE, AL
NICHOLS, AND MARK MEADE. JACKSONVILLE STATE UNIVERSITY, DEPT. OF BIOLOGY, 700
PELHAM RD. N., JACKSONVILLE AL36265.
Diagnostic measurements frequently utilized to assess the physiological condition of humans may
furthermore be beneficial in assessing the actual health and well-being associated with various other
vertebrate organisms. Inside fishes, diagnostic measurements are generally utilized to assess
"stress" in reaction to always be able to environmental condition. Tension indicators might include
blood glucose and also cortisol cortisolÂ (kÃ´r`t?sÃ´l')Â or hydrocortisone,Â steroid hormone in
which within humans is the significant circulating hormone with the cortex, or even outer layer, with
the adrenal gland. Â concentrations, white cell counts, metabolic rates, as well as changes in protein
expression. Mercury (Hg), a new well-known pollutant within aquatic systems, bioaccumulates
within food webs and likely results many physiological methods within exposed fishes. limited
physiological data exists about the outcomes of mercury exposure within stream fishes, specially
acute along with chronic physiological outcomes connected along with exposure. We statement here
on the use associated with total animal respirometry Respirometry is really a general term that will
encompass a new variety of techniques for obtaining estimates with the rates regarding metabolic
rate associated with vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, tissues, cells, as well as microorganisms by
method of an indirect measure of heat production (calorimetry). Â as the means of monitoring
changes in metabolic process in reaction to Hg exposure. Info on metabolic rate can be indicative of
energy partitioning and has previously been accustomed to predict growth as well as fecundity
prospective of fishes. Metabolic rates, as determined simply by oxygen consumption rates, were
looked at inside the stream minnow, Campostoma oligolepis, via a variety of Hg-free and Hg-
contaminated streams. Specifically, fish reviewed were collected via Shoal creek, any pristine web
site in the Talladega National Forest, Mill Creek, an urban website in Jacksonville, AL, and also
Snow Creek, an urban, Hg-contaminated web site in Oxford, AL. Metabolic rates had been
significantly higher for fishes inhabiting your Hg-contaminated site. This is hypothesized that
metabolic process will be elevated during these fishes credited to gill damage as well as the inability
for you to osmoregulate efficiently.
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