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I - NIT (kh khng mu, khng mi, t tan trong nc)

t
3H 2 (k)

1.

N 2 (k)

2.

6Li N 2

3.

3Mg

4.

N 2 O2

5.

2 NO O 2

6.

NH 4Cl NaNO 2

7.

NH 4 NO 2

8.

2HNO3 P2O5

, p, xt

H = 92 kJ

2 N H 3 (k)

2Li 3 N (liti nitrua)


0

N 2

to

3000

Mg 3 N 2 (magie nitrua)
o

2 N O (k mu) H = +100 kJ
4

+2

2 N O 2 (nu )

to

to

NaCl

N 2

N 2

2H 2O (.ch N2)

2H 2O (iu ch N2)

dkt

2HPO
3

N 2O 5 (iu ch N2O5)

II AMONIAC (kh mi khai, tan nhiu trong nc)


9.

NH 3 H 2O

NH 4

10. 2NH 3 H 2SO 4

OH

(NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 hoc NH 3 H

11. NH 3 (k) HCl(k)

NH 4

NH 4Cl(r ) (amoni clorua) (nhn bit NH3)

3
12. Al 3NH 3 3H 2O
2
13. Fe 2NH 3 2H 2O

14. Cu(OH) 2 4NH 3

Cu(OH) 2 4NH 3

15. AgCl

2NH 3

AgCl

2NH 3

16. 4 N H 3 3O 2

Ag(NH 3 ) 2 Cl

Ag(NH 3 ) 2
0

to

2 N 2
2

N2
to

6HCl
0

N
2

(NH 2 ) 2 CO

21. 2NH 4Cl Ca(OH) 2

Cl

6H 2O (iu ch NO)

3Cu

20. 2 N H 3 CO 2

2OH

6H 2O

4NO

18. 2 N H 3 3Cl 2
19. 2 N H 3 3CuO

2NH 4

Fe(OH)
2

Cu(OH) 4 (OH) 2
2
Cu(NH 3 ) 4 (xanh thm)

3
to
17. 4 N
H 3 5O 2
Pt

3NH 4

Al(OH)
3

3H 2O
H 2O

2NH 3 CaCl 2 2H 2O (.ch NH3)

III - MUI AMONI (d tan, in li mnh)


to

22. (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 2NaOH 2NH 3 Na 2SO 4 2H 2O (.ch NH3)


NH 4

OH

23. NH 4Cl(r)

to

NH3
NH3 (k)

HCl (k )

H 2O (nhn bit NH 4 )

24. (NH 4 ) 2 CO3

NH 3

25. NH 4 HCO3

NH 4HCO 3

NH
3

26. NH 4 NO 2

to

27. NH 4 NO3

250o

28. 2NH 4 NO3

CO
2

N 2

500

2H 2O (iu ch N2)

N 2O
o

H 2O

2H 2O (iu ch N2O)

2N2

O2

4H 2O

IV - AXIT NITRIC (lng khng mu, tan v hn)


29. CuO 2HNO3

Cu(NO3 ) 2

30. CaCO3 2HNO3

Ca(NO3 ) 2

31. Ca(OH) 2 2HNO 3

CO 2 + H 2O

Ca(NO3 ) 2

H 2O

2H 2O
4

32. Cu 4H N O 3 ( ) Cu(NO3 )2 2 N O 2 2H 2 O (iu ch NO2)


5

33. 3Cu 8H N O 3 (l) 3Cu(NO 3 ) 2 2 N O 4H 2O (.ch NO)


3

34. 8 Al 30H N O 3 (l)


35. 5 Mg 12H N O 3 (long)

15H 2O

5Mg(NO
3 )2

3 N2O

8Al(NO
3 )2

N2

6H 2O

36. 4 Zn 10H N O3 (rt long) 4Zn(NO 3 ) 2 N H 4 NO 3 + 3H 2O


0

37. P 5H N O3 ()
38. S 6H N O 3 ( )
2

to

H 3P
O4

to

H 2
SO 4

39. 3Fe O 10H N O 3 (l)


2

40. 3H 2 S

43. 2NO O 2

-900o C
Pt

3Fe(NO3 ) 3
3S

to

2N
O

HNO
3

N O

to

41. NaNO3 (r) H 2SO 4 ()

6 N O 2 + 2H 2O

to

2H N O 3 (l)

850
42. 4NH 3 5O2

5 N O 2 + H 2O

4NO

5H 2O

4H 2O

NaHSO 4 (.ch HNO3)

6H 2O

2NO 2

44. 4NO 2 2H 2 O

O2

4HNO 3

V - MUI NITRAT (d tan, in li mnh)


45. 2KNO3

to

2KNO
2

46. 2Mg(NO3 ) 2
47. 2Cu(NO3 )2
48. 2AgNO3

to

to
to

O2

2MgO

2CuO

2Ag

4NO
2

O2

4NO
2
2NO
2

O2
O2

49. 3Cu 8NaNO 3 4H 2SO 4(l) 3Cu(NO 3 ) 2 2NO 4Na 2SO 4 4H 2 O


3Cu 8H 2NO 3 3Cu 2 (xanh) 2NO (k mu) 4H 2 O
2NO O 2
VI - PHOTPHO

2NO 2 (nu )

50. 2 P 3Ca

Ca 3 P2 (canxiphotphua)

to

52. 4 P 5O 2 (d )

to

51. 4 P 3O 2 (thiu)

2 P2 O 3
5

to

2 P2 O 5
3

53. 2 P 3Cl2 ( thiu)


2 P Cl 3
5

54. 2 P 5Cl 2 ( d )

2 P Cl5

55. 6P 5KClO3

to

3P2O
5

56. Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 3SiO 2 5C

1200o C

5KCl
3CaSiO 3 2P 5CO (.ch P)

VII - AXIT PHOTPHORIC MUI PHOTPHAT


57. 2H 3PO 4
200 - 250

58. H 4 P2 O7
200 - 250

H 4 P2O 7

3HPO 3

59. H 3 PO 4 NaOH

H 2O
H 2O

NaH 2 PO4

H 2O

60. H 3 PO4 2NaOH

Na 2 HPO4

2H 2O

61. H 3 PO 4 3NaOH

Na 3PO4

62. P 5HNO3 ()

to

H3 PO
4

3H 2O
5NO2 + H 2 O (.ch H3PO4)

to

63. Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 3H 2SO 4( ) 3CaPO4 2H3 PO4 (s.xut H3PO4)


64. 4P 5O 2

to

2P2O 5 ; P2O 5

65. Na 3PO 4 H 2O
PO3 H 2O

3H
2O

2H3 PO4

Na 2 HPO 4 NaOH

HPO 42

OH

3
66. 3AgNO3 Na 3PO 4 Ag 3PO 4 (vng) 3NaNO 3 (n.bit PO 4 )

67. Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 SiO 2 5C

to

3CaSiO
3

2P

68. Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 2H 2SO 4 2CaSO 4 Ca(H 2PO 4 ) 2


69. Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 4H 3PO 4 3Ca(H 2PO 4 ) 2
70. Na 2 HPO 4 NaOH
VIII - PHN BN HA HC

Na 3PO
4

H 2O

5CO