Registered. at Post Office H. Q. ,vve 11 illgt on, as a magazine .

............ _---_ .. _------------------



1 • 2.

Watch Dog name.

Report from the A.G.M. Aims arid>Goals.

Action AgainstU. S. Oontrol.,

Action Against Nuclear Power/Warships.

4. 5.

6. Comalco Articles:

a) Comalco's losses.

b) Multinational Land Grabbers.

c) A Common FOe.

7. The Sellout Continues. 8.· Se rv LLe Sp oke sman .

9 • Taken For A. Ride.

10. Attend Meetings, Etc!!

11. Muldoon & U.S. Military Alliance.


1~ Watch Dog 4~~~:

As you can. see from this and the pre.:vious Ls sue o~ the news Letrte-r , we have now-a+t.ache d the name "Watchdog" to 1 t. We know that

this has caused a little confusion, andapologjse for not explain .... ing the change previoUBly ..

The reason for the change was to save money on postage, By having the newslE!'tter registered with, t,he Post Off1·ce as a magazine, the postage cost for each newsletter is reduced from 7 cents to 3 cents. We have cq.1led tihe newsletter "Watchdog" so th~t the "WatchdoRtt

spe'e1a.l,s \ such as those' on. lVlt,Davy and Comalco ) can also be mailed

at 3 cents.

So you can see t'hat the change is .well worth the effort, and we cert:ai.nly~ rec ommend such a procedure to any other organisation hard hit by the 'massivB'I>osi;.age increases.

2 .. ,Report'froIn t.he'A.G.M.

We successfully held our first official annual general meeting on Sunday 18th April, after a wall-attended series of public seminars on fore ign c antral the day before. (The content of the seminars will be reproduced in later publications.) The meeting was attended by Christchurch and Wellington br-anc he s, as well as by members and supporters from other centres.

What follows is a much .... condensed summary of Sunday's meeting .. Apologies.

Rp.port$o~ the past,Y$ar: , ..

1) actlvltles in LJh.rlstchurch - a detal.led descrlptlon was pres-

ented of the development of OAFCINZ up to the present. It noted the anti-bases demonstrations, the formative South Island Resist,ance Ride, and all subsequent CA]'OINZ activity in Chc h ,

2) ac t.Lv i t.Le s in Wellington - this presented a description of activities since the branch was formed after the South Island Resistance Ride.

3) financial report (from 1/4/75 to 31/3/76) - presented and adopted by the meeting.

4) "Watchdog",sales - most of number 1 sold. About 1000 sold (3000 printed) of number 2.


Aims and Goals of CAFOINZ: This report noted the dangers of racism and national chauvinism in our o ampa i.gns , It pointed out the need to attack New Zealand agents of foreign control, and to oppose New Zealand exploitation of the Pacific Islands and elsewhere. A statement of aims and goals was to be drafted. (See next item.)

Methods of Work and Criticisms: This reported on what types of activity we have undertaken, and their results. It was emphasised that direct contact with ordlnary people is the most important work. There followed some discussion on alternatives to a

fore ign-dominatecl economy.

J\..ctivities for the Coming Year: A report of possible activities was discussed and the main points to emerge were - the importance of action on nuclear weapohs and ships coming here. We must

draw out the political issues. invo1ved and actively support any protests made.

- - action to be prepared on Comaleo, with regard to likely




power cuts this winter.

develop activities over foreign fishing, oil monopolies, banking and financial clomination. improve relations and .links with Trade Unions and rank and file workers.

work on public meetings, t.a.l ks , slide shows, press statements, publications and so on.

f) On Organisation: This report discussed the possibility of new branches, and the structure of CAFCINZ. New branches are to be encouraged, though Dot as a top priority. Christchurch remains the national centre, distributing the newsletter, etc. Branches should improve liaison but be self-reliant.

g) Election of Officers (Christchurch branch and National Centre):

Chairperson - Bill Rosenberg. Secretary - J·ohn Lee.

Treasurer - To be eJected later by Christchurch,

h) General Busine ss and Discussion:

1) on nationalisation - decided to research and to discuss ideas on how to replace foreign control through the next year.

2) aims and goals - statement approved unanimously.

3) discussion of invitation to attend Russian conference on research co-operation in the South Pacific. Agreed to offer papers on fishing and the nuclear-free Pacific idea. A reply to be sent.

4) brief discussion on the role of CAFCrNZ and the need for a mass movement to achieve our aims. At present, our role remains one of research into foreign control

and exposure of it. .

Many t hanks to all those who attended the A. G.M., especially those from out of town, and for their contributions to its success. Thanks also to those who could not attend but who helped in other ways.

3. Aims and Goals:

CAJ?O INZ is a broadly-based movement made up of people repre sent ing various political views.

We are united in our opposition to foreign control and exploitation in New Zealand. Also, we have to oppose the role of local New Zealand agents and partners in this exploitation.

To do this, our main task is educational, that is, to raise people's consciousness of how foreign control is not only economic c orrt r oL but also political, military and cultural influence.

In exposing foreign exploitation we do not advocate a thoroughly worked out general alternative to foreign control. We feel this will develop from struggles and discussions of many more people than us. However, we may at times pose alternatives on certain issues, e.g. close down Comalco.

Our educational work results in a two-fold learning process. We

teach others and they teach us from their experiences.

An independent NZ based on policies of economic, military and pol it Lc a.l se l f-rel Lance , us lng NZ I S re source s for the benefit of the NZ pe op Le , and r-e fu s Lng Lnvo l.vamerrt with, self- s e r v.i ng mil i tary and ec ononnc treat 1.e s of b i.g fore 19n c ountr 1.(; s.

Opposition to the exploitation of the New Zealand people!s r~sources by foreign companies, and to any foreign military

activities in New Zealand.

Anyone who supports these aims may be a member of CAJ!'CINZ.

!lEa t~!'QJNZ"<?-_~£.~. n~ sU.P..E(~rt !

While oppo£in~ for(;q_gn control, CAFQINZ does ·il.:it -s1fp-p6rt .. t:'~")·,·, replacetnen1l o r fore .Lgn monopo l.Le s with local ones.

NZmonopolies are collaborating with foreign companies in the

exp l o i, tat ion of thE; Lr own country - tht)ir only loyalty is to profits. lIar does CAFCINZ support NZ monopolies eXTlloiting other ~ountries, e.g. NZ cowpanies ih the south Pacific region.


CAli'CINZ is not racist. It does not oppose the peop'le of f or-o Lgn countries, but the foreign monopolies which are expTOiting

New Zealanders.

4. Action Against U.S. Control:

On Fr-Lday 2nd April, CAFCINZ organised a picket at the US consulate and march to the Square in opposition to Rockefeller's visit and celebration of the US bicentennary here. \!Je enclose the leaflet distributed on the march and at some subsequent bicentennial events. It was well-received and won us se~eral new auppo r t e r e ,

A auc c e s s f'u'L forum and dUHonstrdtLm were aL30 orr~.:?,YJif3(-;d in Wellington l)y CB.FCIJ~Z t.he re . In },-uc1dand 't he r-e w2.r; a mar c h also.

Thanks to all who came along in Christchurch to oppose US clominat i.cn , Peo(lle'f) activity is what w I Ll. bca t foreign control in the e nd !

5. J~ct ion Agai_nst Nuc Le ar- :Pow~.~j W~r~~.£lipf:j ~

a) Thc~ Canterbury Ant t- Nuc lear i-l.ct ion COlllU1ittee is holding a

public me e tLng on Monday 3j\~ay at 7.30 p.m. at the Te Kur-a Lounge, Bealey «v «; The Christchurch group is a branch of the Campaign

Fo r 1-1. Non-Nuclear Fu t u r-e , which has branches in 3Q .cii;ies cmel towns. It plans to launch a petition calling for the prohibiti~n of nuclear power p Larrt s frOf? NZ~ s energy futuro, as well as. opp)sin{' t he errt ry of nuc Lear- war ah Lpa Lrrt o our harbours. Contact r.n Chch is

Ne LL Imderscm - phone 881-164.

b) Campalgn For Nuc Le ar- Disarmament (CND) - from a public mooting

a large committee has be en formed t D C o+o r-d inate act ion and pu.b-Li.c i t y , i.nf'o'rma t Lon and finance. MaUl linE)s of action will be

c .i rc u Laf ing a pet it ion t o oppose t he entry (If nuclear warships

into NZ ports and organising a peace flotilla in Lyttelton Ilarbour if the need a.ri ne s , Efforts w:Lllbe made tu co-ordinate this action wLth the: ma.rLt i.me unions. Eo r furt r information phone

Mia 'llay 857-504 or Rob i.n Watt s 555-158.


6. Articles on Oomalco:

a) Corna.Lc o t s "Losses" - NZ Aluminium Smelters Ltd, the company running the Bluff smelter~ usually reports huge losses. Since 1971 when the smelter was opened, the'followirig profits and

losses have been declared: '

1971 $7.5 mill.ion loss.
1972 $2.2 " "
1973 $6.6 It profit.
1974 $2.7 II loss.
1975 $6.1 It " These losses are usually given wide publicity by the NZ news media - but don 1 t be fooled. The smelter is a very profitable operation. The true situation has been explained by the Chairman of the lifZAS when he said: "It was never intended for the smelter company to make a profit or loss." What happens is that the owners of the smelter~ Comalco (which owns 50%)~ Sumitomo Chemical (25i;) and Showa. Denko K.K. (25%) each take the ir share of aluminium produced, and pay their share of the cost ofrunning the smelter. Each take their profits in the form of very cheap aluminium, which is later sold at much higher prices.

The s:)-called "profits" or "1ossesl' made by the smelter merely represe.nt the differences between the amounts the owners pay, (these amounts are always estimated in advance) and the amounts it actually costs, to run the smelter.

The actual profits made by the smelterha.ve been kept secret by the owning companies, but there is no question as to the fact that it is very profitable.. .This was shown last yE~ar when the world demand for aluminium fell. In NZ, aluminium production was not cut back, but there was a delay in the scheduled expansion of the smelter. Overseas, however, the cuts were more' drast ic • In I~ustral La , Ooma.Lc 0 not only de Lay ed eXTJf3 .. n s i on of' its smelter at Bell Bay, but also cut production by·10%. And

in Japan, production was cut 40% by Sumitomo and Showa Denko. Now, production of the BLuf'f srne L tor is be Lng Lnc r eaae d nearly 50%, an event which led the financial editor of an Australian newspaper to comment: liThe expansion at a time when Japan's

five aluminium smelters are operat ing at only about60~~ of capacity, underlines the cost advantages enjoyed by the Bluff smelter, particularly with electric power." Or, in plain words,

t.he Bluff smelter is very profitable for its owners!

b) Multinational Land Grabbers - One of Comalco's parent companies, Conzinc Rio Tinto of Australia, holds mining rights to the Weipa bauxite deposit (bauxite is the a.Lum Ln Lum ore) in north Queensland. This deposit is the largest in the world, and at present is yielding profits of tens of millions, perhaps even hundredsJf millions, of dollars each year. In time, ORA, Comalco and other companies from the U.S., Japan, Ho11and~ France and elsewhere, will gain profits of billions of dollars from the Weipa bauxite.

And what do the owners of the land at Weipa get? Cornalco paid the Aboriginal owners a lump sum of $300,000 in 1957, and that is basically all they're going to get.

This was revealed at Corna.Lc 0 I S annual {,:enero'J.I meeting in Sydney recently, when the company was questioned by some Roman Catholic priests. The priests considered the company's answers to be "incomplete", and are going to take the matter further.


In another venture, a consortium of U.S., Dutch and French companies have been given the rights for a ~1000 million bauxite . mining and refining project at Aur-ukun , south of ·vveipa. Aur-ukun is an aboriginal reserve.

There given after in no

is no doubt that the aboriginals of Weipa and Aurukun,were little choice I:::t.SUO what was to happen to their land, and over a ce:ntury of harsh treatment in Atlstralia, they are position to do anything about it.

When CRA started its copper mine on Bougainville Island, the owners of the land trie d tore s ist it s despoilat ion, only to be beaten off the ir own land by police.

When people and profit clash in capitalist SOCiety, it is profit that wins.

c) A Common Foe - It seems that the massive consumption of power at Comalco's Bluff smelter may not be the only factor IGading to power cuts this winter. The NZ8D, which falls over itself

to sell off cheap electricity to multinational monsters and which is currently spend ing a large Sum of. money .t 0 .persU:'ide N.GW Zealanders to use less power (as if its recent big price hikes weren't enough!), has made a provocative attack on its employees' wages. While holding money wages (behind inflation) it has effectively cut incomes by raising the rents of departmental houses by up to 80%. There is a high probability that direct action will be taken by the workers against th.is attack on them; overtim? bans to c omp'l e t e blackouts m~ght be considerecl. The workers ~tand.is totally justified a~ae~pose .. s th~pr~orities

of the NilliD - cheap power to the mult Lna t Lona'l,, p.r i.c e a.ncz-ea ae s for New ZealandE~rs, wage cuts for i tsworkers.

Who does the .Nz:H)J) serve???

7. The Sell-Out Continues:

A further step in the loss of our irreplaceable r-e eour-c ea tand in the loss of ec onom l.c independence was reported in the Christchurch I'Press" (21/4/76). NZ Steels Ltd, has, with six Japanese steel mills 1 led by the huge Nippon Kckan Ka i.aha 1 signed a ten year ironsands supply contract representing the b. iggest de. al of its kind .New Zealand has made (worth $100 million). Nippon Kokan Kaisha is one of the two steel companies (along with Kawasaki Steel) hoping to use Mt Davy coking coal. So maybe we will

very likely be import ing steel from J-apan, made from New Zealand's ironsands with New Zealand's coking coal. The Japanese will build two 110,000, tonne dead=we ight ships for the trade - they will

be the largest iron-ore slurry carriers in the world. This suggests that they hope for further contracts to be signed.

The deal is sub ject to gov. ernment approval but the "Press" state s tp.is"must be" a formality.

The multinationals grob our resources, leaving us holes in the ground, and sell us back finished goods at high prices. Those who want them here are the likes of NZ Ste81 Ltd - not working New Zealanders of today nor those of the future. -

8. SerVile Spokesman:

In a recent interview in "Time" magazine, Hob Muldoon revealed his thinking on relations between New Zealand and Japan. He said: "We can provide Japan with relatively cheap foodstuffs,


forest products, ironsand, coal and fibres. Japan, in turn,

can provide us with products of its sophisticated technology." Well, here .. we have a description of the classic colonialist relationship, raw materials for technology. fl. policy which, if pursued, will ensure that New Zealand remains underdeveloped in this area, and dependent and therefore dominated by foreign companies. The struggle for an independent and self-reliant New Zealand

must be developed against this sort of sell-out. This means directing our struggle against, not only those multinational companies involved ,but also against those forces in New Zealand which support it.

9. "Taken For A Ride»;

The New Zealand people are beLng taken for a ride by the Union Steamship Company's cries of poverty. U.S. Co., is owned by the giant Austral.ian- based muL t.inat Lona L Thomas Nat ionwide Transport

~ TNT). Profits of TNT to -Iurie 30, 1975 were up 29.7% and indications for the 75.-76 financial year seem to be in the same heal ty situation. It is indicative of this multinational's power that while its revenue from HZ (and this also comes from the road transport interests it owns) represent 7.5% of its total income, it can extract $4 million per year to subsidise the Rangatira

That the Fraser government represents big monopoly interests is not a surprise, when one notes that one 5£ its first post-election actions was to allow companies to defer last-quarterly '75 tax payments to 1976. A further gift was E.ID1ounced in January of

this year - companies can write off 40% of the cost of new installations for tax purposes. There is a w i.de f i.e Ld for investigation Of tax priyelegel? ~concealed b;y acc ourrt Lng and ?ther methods)

given to big bu s Lne s s and f'ar mf.ng interests in New Zealand also.

10. BE AN ACTIVE lVl.l!lIVlBER OF CAFCINZ: Come to meetings at Resistance Bookshop, fortnightly. Next meeting May 13th, 8.00 p.m~ :Phone 74382 for further info.

11. National Govt Allie~ Itself with_U.S. Militar~:

The :Prime iVlinister has just visited a number of countries to show the flag and p Led ge the allegiance of the National 1?arty Government to the brotherhood of big business.

Following the line of U.S. foreign policy, Muldoon has performed his role as advocate for U.S. military strategy aimed at destroying the enemies' (World Socialist system) ability to retaliate. A successful U.S. first strike and a limited retaliation from the Socialist Community makes the idea of nuclear war acceptable.

Like Rocky would say: "You gotta be prepared to lose a few in

order to beat the Commies."

Hence, Muldoon arrived in Seoul to be greeted by t.hou sanda of children waving NZ flags under the nice guardianShip of police with machine guns. Democracy - South Korean style! The kids must have loved it. No d0ubt Muldoon did. His South Korean outburst of Anti-Comrnunism was to show the "allies" thatANZUS pact is there to protect the cause of IIfreedorn and democracy".

What is of particular interest is the overture by the P.M. that

t.he r-e are "quite exc i t Lng pos s Lb l.l Lt Le a'' of joint fishing ventures with South Korea in NZ waters. The issue was raised in discussions


on economic co-operation between the two countries. Once the 200 mile limit proposal was settled at the Law of the Sea Conference, the National Party would decide the issue through lVluld,)on I s rubber-stamp Cabinet Ec onomic Com.n i, ttee. He said:

"If we have a 200 mile zone we won't be looking to just sit on it - we'll be looking to exploit it."

It is interesting to note the views of Minister of Fisheries, ]vlac Intyre, in the lVIinistry I s mont hly magazine "Catch 76".

Mac Intvre said: "When the Law of the Se a Conference finally agree s to a 2.0J mile fishing management zone, we shall have one of the world's largest fisheries." These possibilities arise out of commercial trials which have been conducted over the last 18 months by the NZ :Pelagic Fisheries Company, based in Nelson.

The government policy, as outlined by Mac Intyre 7 is for the development of the industry, though as he said: "It may be necessary tu do so with some ove r se a s backing, ei.t ha r in capital or exper~ise. The fishing industry is no different from the meat, wool and dairy industries'·in that it must adopt new methods and technol()gy to survive, let alone prosper in this modern w o r Ld , II

If this is to be taken as a National Party policy, then it is

yet another example of how they sellout our resoUrces by

inte grat ing the NZ ec on omy with giant fore ign enterprise s.






Following discussion of future activities at the A.G.M.~

CAFCINZ has decided to organise a demonstration against Comalc09 to be held at the smelter in late July. CA.J?CINZ is calling

a meeting to plan and organise this dc.;rnonstration9 to be held

at Christclrq .. rch. :Peopl(; I s _U:t)ion WIs(;,tigg.Ji?.£!£9 (fOr(118rly Resistance bookshop) 8.p.m. on Thursday, 27tn llifay. The ad d re s a is 9 Ferry Rd. Everyone interested is welcome.