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03/18/2014

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# PARALLEL LINES

PARALLEL LINES

PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL LINES

Lines Which Never Intersect, are Called Parallel Lines

Perpendicular Distance Between Two Parallel Lines Is Always Same.

TRANSVERSAL LINE: A LINE WHICH
INTERSECTS TWO LINES ON DIFFERENT POINTS

Corresponding Angles Are Equal

<1=<5 <2=<6 <3=<7 <4=<8

Alternate Angles Are Equal.

<3=<5 <4=<6

Internal Angles On The Same Side Of A Transversal Are Supplementary

<4+<5=180 <3+<6=180

Examples of parallel lines
n d a=45 l b c m

Given: l II m and n is transversal, <a=450 To find: <b,<c,<d Solution: a+b=1800 linear pair of angles 450 +b=180 B=1800-450=1350 <a=<c corresponding angles <c=450 <d=<b alternate angles <d=1350

Two lines which are parallel to another line are parallel to each other also.
1 2 3

p

Given: l II n and m II n . l To prove: l II m Construction: draw a transversal p. m Proof: n l II n and p is transversal <1=<3 (corresponding angles)---------(1) l II m and p is transversal <2=<3 (corresponding angles)-----------(3) From (1) & (3) <1=<2 But this is a pair of corresponding angles therefore l II m

Lines which are perpendicular to a given line are parallel to each other.
l m

Let a line p is given to us. Draw a line l perpendicular to p. <1=90° p Draw a line m perpendicular to p. <2=90° <1=<2=90° But this is a pair of corresponding angles.

Therefore l II m.

Bibliography
http://library.thinkquest.org/20991/geo/parallel.html http://www.mathopenref.com/parallel.html

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