ISSN 0111 0890 JVlay 19

1) Black Birch Protest Re ?~) Fe o dba ck


1 3 ~-

1 1

15 16

17 17

3) More on

4) Owen Wil~es se

ch from Owen WilKes

Norwegian al

5) C01:\50 Appe

6) Aramoana U e

7) WilKes Petition

8) Buller Coal

Q 0 0 <:I C1


j 29

j 1 0

Lowe r COLJJr.ton Ro om, OJ.d. S t Un.i.o r; il Ar t s

Centre (corner ntre and Her ford Stre ts)

Dunedin saKer on tne

D .. na cam

Nelson speaker on Pulp MHI devf)lopments.


r. ~l C.'



rn L b

r nt .l c ar.


0' u

no ur-


t C) ur




un E~VC

C J.'



.l~ t





o UI'

co, '1

l_, '_ .. '~ ..1.

C nt ac

mu en t

for , n e n





l.n •

tr o



d) 0






b L




it n trw


t d

Lf 0

ro (1


J. I,




.l i.c


agreed. She

t t


wuo el CiT

vE?htcled on

Dad begun on the site as

ton stated that there

was therefore little point in try



even lebs hope of maKing it there and that the demonstration wo u l.d not pick up'Nhcre the Spr LngboJ\: tour Jef,t off, Mr

Gr ooby closed the !'leetin by say that it vms up to the

people of Blenheim to maKe up their own minds now.

On Sunday morning the Christcnurch contingent left the motor camp at 10 am and accompanied by one pas engel' from Nelson and ano t.he r from Kar-ame a plLU3 a 'rv crew from Ne Lsori, travelled south to jUf3t north of Seddon where t he convoy took a right turn and he ed for the hills. Just after the seal ended Wl"': arrived at a Lo c ised farm gate behind which

was placed a newly erected no trespassing sign, Policemen could be seen moving arbund behind some bush on a terrace about 75 yards inside the fenceline. A couple more stood about itO yards inside the gat e watching passively,

Mr Horton once again addressed the multitudes and inrormed the boys in bl~e through a megaphone that there would be no wild charges up the mountainside that day, He also

promised them that we would be baCK one day.

A local reporter ascertained from the police that they were there cause their intelligence (7) had informed them

that 'something was go

to happen'. 4s~ed

they would


t pea

cross tne land whentne farmer's wife had

said that it was OK, they stated that she did not have the

author! for the

to do

lhis and blat the fanner himself WB)3 '(3-way

Leaving a sign stuck to the gate advert

t +- n-', . d t e d

ren a ,- :t>c:: per weeL-<;. we . epart:<:l' c

Later we heard tna,t t n e iQ,.l;ldent

Land for

received mention

on the Wellington regional TV Dews.



t t"t



o e



t d

t t.h e y NO

n av e Its d to eo

u me t t n ie

w about It in t

Prc;c; umabI y

c use they didn't clear

day aclver,-


fran the


88 until the Sun

or ()



l1'he Marlborough

eSB dated Monday 22 Mar

tured Lcall;

an Editorial headed 'What of Black Birch?'


ted the CiU?CINZ

int of vtew,


featured a furtner

ar t I.c

on BlacK Birch. One


nstration and the second

od umwGlry tng. A

a lett I' to t


co u

dor of


ch t tho ,SElt 111'



di t.o r from 0


warmly congrat

e d i, tor

in 0


11 to th


obe er'v a t or

A15,JO r-e c .iv d



Lc t t cr , [3

10 00 it n t o ri.a I


llsn in full:

I I 0 b ct LY, l-',.~ h in
L er uriernp Lo d or 1:""3 t ud~c;.n,tE; You

Jii ie WaBJ1! t

ieans your ar6e would


[~O 110. :c f 0


in It



if 'you have any

to til U1H: wi tD

YOUT pare

mus t t Lnk you

t ar e

Owen Wilkes s St.o ckho Lm


ch 1

ar ~ in Augus t 9

published an article 'Why NZ Mountain', which quot d US Government and Congressional

documents to show that the Transit Circle telesco


the US .Navy (USi~) wants bu i.Ld at B'l ack Birch ~ behind Blenheim, was intended to sat fy 'the demands for more accurate positions dictated by TIore sophisticated weapons and defense stems', and that e station's star observations were urgent needed by 'many Department of

De f'orie e users, particularly strategic systems I. The article

described how the transit circle will measure

po s i, t ions

of stars in the sl-<;,.y very ac cur at e Ly, and how t.h i,s data was needed for new strategic nuclear weapons such as the Trident .missile, wh i c h ar e guided by s tar--trac,-<;:ing I Stellar·-Inertial Guidance I ayst ems , As the uS Congress \NaB told the. I major

function' of Black Birch was to 'obtain

cations of stars

in the Southern

phere with the increased accuracy that

Ls requtred for ml Li, t ar y pur po s ee , I

The quoted documents

ve now enjo d a cer

amoun t

of publicity in New Zoaland, and the Government has been forced to admit tneir exist nee , On F(~ br-uar y 1 it V,f,C:AS reported that the Government had aSKed its Washington

Em sy to c h e c k on the d l.s cr-e parrc ,8 t ween t N w

Zealand was told about the TraDsit Circle and what the US

congress was

Id. A Ministry of Foreign Afr


said that NE:HV land ha d so ugl. t and en given une ui vo ca.l

assurances that the statlonVs ~unc n was ossentiaily

sc ntific,

Of course it



~o t of the effort

that goes into dcc3i.gning nuc Le ar' we

and improving all

the electronic t(;}f;C tell st'~p rt t.h em, 'I'h e point at

issue it3 no t whetner it 1E:; E3ait}.:1tlfic or not, but what

o ff'e ne i.v e n.i l.i tar UTe wi. 1

of t e s c


obtain d r e s


L. •

A m.i.Li.t ar instal t Lo n?

an ar t i.c Le


try of Fo r e

.U1[3t yecT carried Affairs, US Embassy,

The Christ urch Press on December

Carter Ob:3

ry E30l1rces, d 1

1 uppo r i.

the a.rticle's


no t US m.i.Li. t.ar y

headline WhlCh c

a. tLo n E3

t t B

L: birch


by the US Navy on mJ tary

ney for

pur POi38S •

'I'h e art c Lo claimed t.h at the Blr-lck Birc ('1'0 e c t grew out

of a pro amme of coo a West German institute,


1 0 (~rva tory,

a Soviet observatory. Dr

c r 0 f the Cn.rtC:H" Obaerv

ry, was uoted as

t inee a transit c cle t lesco

can only s:

Ln a nor

'J u th di.r: e c t n




observe 'all round

Can a man in uch a


be unaware at the f'a c t th:'lt t h e ear

ro teE; oni


axis every 24 hours?


earth's r-ot.atLo n all c)

the E3()

f i.cLd o:f v the Hini.Etry Ln ci. 1 caul Hot


Lnt o

k Lrch telescope. Aceor



ver nment


ved t

a US.·.NZ

but the proj ct t waf; conc Lud o d 0


n.E3 tl1(-': US

1. cone ernc;d,



snit needs to


t on

expenditure of US ~1, financial yc:ar

jOOO to


ado The

n in

Oc DElI'

to Oc bel'

SeJ1il to

d Ser7icec; Co



,000 al1ocatC7d

to t

Chief of Na"J

o pe r-at ion'> fur

co tr c t n


outside the US. (If Black Birch was a scientific project the money would have come out o f tne Defence research and development budget.)


ut Black Birch was given to the Contressional

Armed ServiceE3 Committee on 27 March 1981 by Rear Admiral Zobel~ commander of tho Naval Facilities Engineering Co Admiral Zobel has earlier been Officer in Charge of the

Naval Nuclear PDwer Unit, Fort Belvoir,where he was responsible for construction and operation of the notorious Nukey Poo nuclear power station at McMurdo, Antarctica.

After 10 years' discontinuous operation the reactor had to

be dismantled and shipped back to the US together with

13,000 tons of contaminated soil.* Zobel w.as asked by the committee, IUnder what term is New Zealand providing the

site?' His answer, lThe C~unty of Marlborough has granted approval of the land use, baGed in part, on a completed Env.Lr-onment.a l Impac t Study. fA lease for Crown Land is being drawn up and w i.Ll, inc lude a nominal rental 0 f $100 per year. I There 'lv-as no mention about hav i.ng to wat for a US-NZ agreement. The peppercorn rental of $100 per year sounds like a calculated insult but is more likely just another illustration of

New Zealand's usual subservience to US military designs.

Any other country t h ac called 2_tselfindepE:ndent would have

at least screwed the US for a 1 it was willing to pay.

Even newly independenc micro·-ftEltes can do t h i.s , 'I'h e left

wing government of the Seychelles Islands for example collects

$2.5 million rental fer year iJr a USAF satellite ground station not very much more iiI po r t a n t than that at Mt John, while the Caribbean island sta:e of Antigua earns $1.2 million a year for renting OLt land tJ a USAF' satellite tracking station and a USN cOL~unicatio~~ station.

·Shipped through Lyt t lton (ED


us F



NZl-'ill. artLc Le mo r ill

tio n





ics Laboratory c

d 'Star CcH

n uf the USA.F and t i1'



Lti.c arrc e to

of ttle 1

USN pub-

lication called 'Introductron to the

rier-a I

AD AO~ 1 fro

(JLW the US

1] number-s

Catalog' • AD AO Infor

TheDe are available

i_onal chn:Lcal


The USA.F publ i,c t n cr i be how star po s i. t.Lo ns are
needed for the Be co a f eodo wh i c 11 the me ae ur of

size and shape of the earth,



rnLs sL

trajectories can be adjusted for tne earthis

need for dat a on gr-o at e r number-s of Lricr-

eater fa.int


t lanaI pull.

s ta r ~ and f30 of star cat

e was a m L



o E30

rn bemis ere stars




J wi

curr nt 'FK4' catalogue be

based oainly on transit Circle a ervations made at

Ga town, 'Jlhe US N



further 1

a for a r .iGed catalo

tina9 c all d YK:i 5 t'.J

transit circle at El Leortcito9 in Ar


81 Lco nc i.

t.ch VVElE~'

. sLmi.Lar


IJ built a t

ell, operat d from

196LI- to 19 Pr oeumab.Iy t , 1?K6' •


it DS of 115,000 stars.


data will

us (1 to CD

Ie a


b c

i 011 dSE-;cr'L


en Naval Weapons La


ry . T'lle

NWLj ma i.rrt aLn

t its other 0 • nas the rssponsibi




the accuracy or


.LIeD ..]1 n

11.:;8 to co 1 c t an d

check ,9.11 t

g;eo tic

o tl1erL.l.

t n ne ded for the

calculat n of the

and 0

'I'h.e actual c eLc u l at Lone are do n e Sy[':)temE3 Project Offtce (SSPO)

the USN Strategic

t.h i.s report s ummar-Ls e d

work carried out

er: SSPO T;:1'3k AssA-gnment36 1.05.

The report was prepared in the

e Control Presetting

Analysis Branc h 0 f tho FBlVl Geo ballistic Di v l.s Lo n 0 f NWL.

These names need explaining because they


how and Vi


Ln ror-ma t n co

cted by the Nayy at

Black Birch will end up

'rrtdent more accurate. FBM

s t ands for i Fleet Ba Ll Lrs t.Lc lvIisE5ile I and iE ODe of the acronyms ua e d for submar-Lne= Launche d baLl.i.s t.Lc ;ilissiles

such as Trident. Geoballistics

the branch of mathe-

ma t Lc s concerned with calculating t.r-a.j e c tor Les and the geodetic factors which influence tnem. Fire Control Presetting is the term that covers the insertion of trajectory data .into the guidance computer in the warhead of an FBM,

The document itself descri G th8 way in which the

star catalogue is assembled and

es on ~t length about

trw dLs c r e panc Lee found between v ari.o us saur c ee . 'I'h o important part as far as BlaCk Birch is ~oncerned is that,

according to

one} the source da t a Lnc Lu de s the F'K4

catalogue mentioned above and computer-readable magnetic tape, .§.l1,.",s up n =l i E2.2_P...:i_ t ~1LN?Y-'2":~_Q.Q§ e r,.y::tJQ r~i 0 ~~ll1i s is the Las t linkLn the chain between the rrr."c1(m.t missile and B'l a ck Birch.

I3lack Birch will

Ip ain laser wea ns?

An advertisement oy the t S c.SI'O P3C e cr .r-por a t n rrRW

Inc inCUS)

1 reveals another

important U[3e for s tar poa.ic. .o n iufor to be collected a.tlack Biro.L 'I'h e

:i.)!J of tho type

rt ement sugge ts

t.h at now ~ extremely ac c ura t f1tar t r a C',;;:8' '£; made by TRW

will be used to ~lm ers 8Le other energy weapons

at s uc h tar st as at Illt::.5J in ... flight

sand [-30

for PCI' eel and hit accura e to 1/6 of



I Ai

h e ad ed Ln

i nc h bu I

dE muc 't

and currsl.L spac


t ra c l~crf; are ac

a dE) e


d a

ne tar

~er acc ate to 1/1


a de


struggle for perf ctlon

<311 good enough

e? i the advert em.en t'lS;;:.S.

'Well, ODC reason

,if] milt t ar'y :



laser or other directed t satellite killers (and

c lIt t ('3 c arr y

rhaps ballistic m~s

), will require

u i s Lt e ac c ura c

For a beam wea D to

ie; eh EYzqu.ini to


star sensor Dust be able tD track


wit.h even more aCCLlI"1.CY, Blac Birch will help catalogue e

stars that will be

data aim the lasers.

German and Sov t cooperation

The US

J Public Affair::::; Of .i.c e.r hae: r=i

t the

wo r-k to be

c BLr'


t of a coo

effort be


US Naval Observat

instltut tn He

j and


ObGerv,'cz ry in

c ke n-.

g 1 wnLch'N3.I] dec

of the Int




But the Na



New May of 1

p.l ana lflur:t

e d woLl before t


agreement v/aEc, reac£led t V nna rn

llL1L3 t

o b en

s omo t h Lng br o

t u

t US initiative to

terrr.at na l

Bcientii'ic r

ctabilit to some

e US

decided upon. Once

dE wLt h Mt Join,


science' cloaks a military operat n.

The coop 2tlon wit explained. ~L'h

Gor.r,.an Enct u t o


t i.t.ut co

the FK S()c



star catalo e used

US Naval Obs rvatory and

incorporated in the

s i l e t


calculations. FK


for Fundamental Katalog.

I t more intE,re£3tlng to ponder jllE3 t. why the Soviet

Union goes along wi

the Naval Observatory plant.

answer is probably that

Soviet Union also has some

military need for star posit n data from the southern

hemisphere and the only way it can

t the data is from the

us. During the Allende era the Soviet Union had its own southern hemisphere transit circle at Cerro Calan Observatory near Santiago ~ Chile ~ "where be~0l.i.'een 1970 and 1973 they managed to measure up ~"5,OOO stars. Star catalogues are issued

by the Soviet Academy of Sciences and are used in the

Dahlgren General Catalog, so what could be more natural

"than that now, wi tn no fri'endlY ao ut lrer-n country to help,

the Soviet Union will make use of the US catalogues. They won't get access to the Dahlgren catalogue of course - that

is Secret. But they can use the FK series just like anyone


It is intriguing to imagine w the NZ Government would react to a Russian request to build a peaceful scientific transit circle in New Zealand. I imagine the Government would refUse and point out indignantly that the Soviet long range SS-N-8 mi s s iLe , carried by the Delta c Lae s submarines, is also equipped with stellar inertial guidance.

The interBsting aspect of this is that if we can stop

the US Navy building its t ranaLt circle (1(,;re we are denying both the US iIi t ar y {'md the Savie t military information they need for weapons of lexquisite accuraci. It is not often that one can hit both superpowers with one campaign. If the

transi t ci.r c Le is Lmpo r-t.ant to po ac e f'u L a s t.r-oriomy then Le t it be operated by a civil organJ.sat n "with non military

money. If not, en the US Navy should Id to try

Argentina again, or So h Africa, and

those governments in ne tiating a better d

t of luck to

$100 per year.

1 1



det L

o f Owen WiL


arT' L" cony

nand 6



d at orne, Ie

'" .


.i mme eli a. t


th conviction and s

ence~ and remains free on bail


appeal (

to leave t



must report to the police

r gularly.

ha,c; been a I.


avel tne country

speaking at rallies in support of him, and to

to Oslo for

legal procedure there). At the time of writing his appeal

has not been decided.

cndog will carry a full re rt

of the outcome in a fu~ure is ue.

Since his conviction has been the subject of a

Close Up 'llV programme 9 p Lue articles in

NZ Times (there been ext nsive co

Liutencr and of h i,s case in No 1 Peace


hD.E3 been r.om l.nat e d for'


en the subject of a national

tition and copious

correspondence to

the Svved n

y and Government.

d act Xl in

organif:;inc a b

tour of


n w.'~ one u 1.S
ic land that led to his arre t ,

J.-ioWE;ver h i.s

Lrie d to

Sweden. At th time of n

the Stockholm In er~ational Peace

worked for

i3 ar cn Lns t Lt.ut (f.:JIPRI).

Since h

co nvLc ti o n

ft (did he

pushed?) and is now wor

au a fre lance I' sarcher.

Ent er-na.t.Lo na L Pc,?cce

s arc [1

Institut in Oslo (PRIO).



wore;: i.n

r,way that

led to him and FRIO director, ~ils-Petter Gledit ch, standing

trial in Gclo in May/June; 1 81 on C E; of 'unlawful


c aus e d, or nav

b en ace ec;sory


revealed which ought to be

pt eel' t

r aco n

e e o ur-Lt.y of the realm VU3 "t vic; anotno r t ts r •

th were

found g ui lt y

sent need to 6 mon

d for


2 years))


to pay a fin and court co




ap 0.1 was heard in

e Oslo Supreme Court in March,

and onvictions and sentence weI' U

Id by a 3-2 majority.

It could

en worEe - the prosecutor tlad c led for both

defendantc to actually serve ttle 6 months pr n sentence (at the originaltrLa19 the prosecution calluc\ for f3 month pr Laon terms). Both defendanti3 faced 20 days prison if the fines and COEtS weren't paid. The money was raised by auppor t ere .

CAFCINZ has recently received a comprehensive booklet entitled i The Oslo Ral)bi t 'I'rLa I - A Record of the "Nat Lon a.I Security 'I'r La l " against Owen Wilkes and Nl Ls -Pe t ter Gleditsch in the Oslo Town Court, May 1 1'. It's available from the SolidarLty Campaign for G Le d.i, t e c n and WilkeE:~, P.O. Box 124 Ankertorget j Oslo 1, Norway. Be warned .,.. the aE3king price

is $US14.

The title is not out of Monty Python. 'Rabbits' is the slang name for the operatives of t intelligence thering listening posts in northern Norway. Rabbits have big ears

and excellent hearing. Wi


Gleditsch wrote a booWBt

ontitled 'UnCle Sam~s Rabbits?' a

the whole field

US-J~orwegian intelligence coo per a t ion and Norwegian electronic intelligence gatnering on behalf of NATO. This bookl~t was published in February 1979 to coincide (ironically) with an official secrets trial, and d to both writers being investigated, questioned and ventuaLly char d. The matter didn't come to trial until more than 2 years later. 'Uncle Sam's Rabbit~' was based on Wilkes! fieldwork in Norway in 1977-78, and was actually living in Sweden working for

SIPHI vJhen the et o r-m Ke. Des pi t ,::; o e Lng Unc103I' no legal

obligation to so, and ving been officially advisedtlBi

he couldn ' t ex t.r-adi.to d , he r e tur re d to No r way for quest-

ioning and turned over

fLe Lr.no t ,:3 and pho tos to the

police. He also retur d voluntarily to stand trial.


,'..) ()

tn e on

v t

n i.on .

'vine o

fur 1 ctronic d la


El .. T'

1L t




C' d Dlo .i.c
count c t
t tty on the u bj ec t

c tua.l y


iF vre 11

was [C3hot

Wfl ()VC;Y'

r are no vernment

t.Lons were

lie (An


t Un

ac uaLl.y from t11

II and liberat d

Lal thanking not

d, l~

c t f L:~




c; f'u.I bee; UL3


of ts






r f'urs e d 1.ift

curi. t o t

t in can10ra

t ct

nel the

-I' .1,.

rue: cl to Li,

s e c url, y 0 t




The court refused to pay travel expenses for defence witnesses to come from abroad. There were other hindrances - Wilkes couldn't speak Norwegian and had to make do with a very unsatisfactory translation service. There were 3 court appointed expert witnesses - two concluded that the 'Rabbits' report damaged Norwegian security; the t.h Lr-d , chosen by the defendants, disagreed, There were also two observers from the Security Service of the Defence High Command and one from the Special Branch.

Both prosecution and defence called some very high powered witnesses ,.. the Chief of Defence, the Ministers of Defence and Foreign Affairs were only the highest ranking. Academics and senior civil servants Were two a penny. The defence presented sworn affidavits from several foreign expert wltnes$8s, eg British journalist Duncan Campbell who had himself been convicted of officia.lsecrets charges in the 1978 'ABC Tria.l' a.t the Old Bailey. From a. NewZeala.nder' s point or' view the most Lner-ee t Lng affidavit iethat of Australian Des Ball, who wrote the au.thor .... itative book fA Suitable Beec of Heal Estatel about US military installa.tions in Australia.

The trial had comic opera aspects - some spy bases were

clea.rly identified as such inphone\,ooks or in lists of union members, and prosecution witnesses openly said so. There were

no signs forbiddin.g photography aroUnd moet of them ... the court

held that this was to guarantee their anonymity. All material ga.thered was from public sources or secured from publicly accessible land (as in Wilkes' current Swedish case), but the court raled

that the piecing together of this public material and interpretation of it did in itself constitute an offence.

Despite its outrageous and completely unjust.ified price,

the trial booklet is well worth rea.ding. It gives a complete picture of something that appeared confusing from the .fragmentary cover-age in the NZ media. Its arguments re~d like

a carbon copy of the Swedish affair (except that Sweden is o.ffiClal1y nev.t.ral and thus not a NATO member). It makes one th:i,ng very clear - via spy sate;lJ.ltes and conventional espionage

1 5



on any


Know aJl

c cr ec y is





earchers uch as

ty habit of uncover

the truth

er forc must be ilenced, not bee use they are

C' U



eaten to e

aC3E f:lectf::d

vcr nmen t s


t· , 11 ' ere lEE3 C ::;\.'3. 1::

ns on t ax payer s i

money in the intere L of the US mllltary.



For,37 years Corso has been providing

direct channel

for concerned New Zeo

rs toassi~ the very poor of the

world. Most of tne world's

does little to help the poor

an d 0 ppre~)f;ed

their situAtion, because rno t of the

world! s aid stomE) from GovernmentE3 and I t er-na tto na.I

Institutions that

a v ted interest


st.a+u s quo

thus their aid goes to t :3e who are aLroady waa lt and

powe rf'uI 0

J\ rOlE'LL


cies have blazed new trails and

opened up

ect contacts with


line of

humanity. One sue Corso

Cor-so •

with the hungry in P:3.nEUnEl and

rTl •

ian zarn.a 5 a s

fOOd coo


:J.S 0

l' p lac e s to

lp in establishing



a de

te diet. In Erltr


hav ac c e s e



pI v mo v eme n

tow Calc nia, are world .. ng on

ha .. lf of Ii

ted. In Sri Lanka, the

with the '>lery


who are exploit d

m t

co r po r-a t Lo ns (e . pollution

of fishing grounds in

oppression of tea

E~[~ t a

workers in Sri Lanka).


T10 main t thLsViorK with the poor Corso needs money --

money I'or overseas grants 7 for publications abou t the cau s e s and effects of poVerty and opprc'JE3sion, for a dm.Ln i.s t erLng the programmes t ha t ensure t nat the grants go to the most needy at the right time.

Corso needs your support for its Annual Appeal on


12 June 1982. Pleai:3e oo n t ac t your near e s t Corso 0 ft Lce and

help as a co L'Le c t o r , marshal or driver. At t h e very least - send a donation. Just as they need us, we need you,

CORSO Nll'rlJN.HJ.J OFFICE: PO Box 9716? Wellington. Ph: 856-229

The smelter campaign remains at the time of writing somewhat in a state of flux with neither side F3(:leming to know too much about what's going on. Since the wi~hdrawal of Ka.iser Aluminium~ Pechiney is the only potential partner

left to replace hlusuisse in the consortium and we under.tand t.hat they have st i l I to maim their minds up o re way or the other. Despite repeated statements that an announcement was imminent nothing has been forthcoming and South Pacific Aluminium have become uncharacteristically tight lipped (perhaps they have learnt something from t&eir series of inr>c.Gurate and quite silly pr-e d Lc t i.o ne over the Laa t 6 months).

It wDuld appear that Pechiney's interest it dependent on a renegotiated power contract and tnaL at the ~)ment they have not been able to achieve tUis. It clear tnat any renegotiatLqn would be in direct conflict wlth stated

government [ on)OVver pri c Lng and this is cLaar Ly mak i.ng

it difficult for them to change the formula. T losa of the Cas tor. I do wne t r-ez.m industry when ldusuisf;; e withdrew meant that e power prLc e had to rise? not go down (governmont il?d s a.i d t.r.a t tJ:H·)· Low rpr i.c e W'lB d.i.r. eet Ly due to the impact CYl t he proj(;ct of Castor II) and tlY3refore any


w lLl

d the go



t in it, The worry d on rnl111SrO



o CCStL'iiOl1E t hat

t do ()E: no t

uly concern ito

5 at tais C:~

the who

we, like Fletcher Chall

, are just



t and

e wh~t Pecnney are really playing at~


The figures for , as of 15 April 1982, stand at

330. academ.Lcs ,'md 1992 genc~ral public signotureE3. The day before OWGn~s trial, the names 6f the academics will be published in a. Swedish new3paper a l.o with the number of

seneral s

tur-e s ,

BULLER CO.ilL ~ LOSH1(j EVEl~ iJ:riE ChUl'1BS

Until now1 railway taff and

t Coasters could claim

one long term benefit

Buller coal exports: the

rna in t e nance o f


cr-umb from t



LS under

At present, the on

me: t.ho d 0 f


the coaI f'r om

Stoc;;:ton or l-?eefton to a dee wat cr anc ho

11 (:.(f3 be en by

rail to Lyttelton. This ex a traffic - wnich could I' G to

nearly 1.000 to~nes

the pressur off thc mo ne y f'o r the

vi2bility of the route. It nas a 0 me

Ly tt e Lt o n Har-bour d.

West Co t local bodies,

wev r, naturally would like to

SOG adec:p Wi or port Of: t.ab Li s'n e d on

Co t:;: Port

Elizabeth ur

'1.'11. . Id'

as won g.l vo

t It are <:titlO

the mo re fre




st Loris 0


t e r rn for

c, of

LO ~ quarter 01 a

of it rno t valuable co




now indicat d t t

of either


e a erna~ v 8, It lavours

, lurry fJ


I' the

coal on econo c


! Such a

line carei

tne coal, sus nded in water,

through a exte far nough out to s a to allow bulk

carriere to load it. l)'cting Mi:n.ister of Energy (LvII'

Te~pleton) s that 'if the met d prove feasible, the

preu()nt high co t s of transport coal to sni could

be drastically reduced. The method could 0 s ibly

allow export tonnages to be increased.'

Wha t l\tr 'Temple ton do I t say is t.h at i3uch a p.i.pe Li.ne

1S useless for anything but coal, ironsands or similar material. Thus once t coal exports are over, stland is ft w i.t h no new c Ll Lt Les : just ano t hez- hole in the ground

and a long rust pipeline.

On the contrary: t rail service

10 e its viability,

leading to cuts 1n ~ail services and


The background to lopment 18 negotlatlons

between the Mines Division and Japanes coal importers, taking

plac.e i31 Ja.pan, u c c o r- ng r po rt s from kyo, th Nines

Division want to increa~)e the uri.c e from $US6 .50 tonne


(itself low ost) to $US a tonne. presentatives of

C. Itoh and Co Gui-Kozan Coking Industry, 8

lVIaruben:L Cor par reject d t.h i s



t u

th o c an

e US? they ay. South Korean Company) will follow cOilt-tailG.

t it cheaper in Australia or

(Pohan Iron Steel

The prob ill for S at Co



t large scale Ja.pan and

ex pol'

for us (around

JDOO tonncs

u t h Ko r-e a

d about) are ins





Norld scene: US millions, even t ns of

in te rme 0 f

of tonnes. The only


ao r-dLnar y q

ne tiat HE





t ChFCI~Z po t d out in

no rsuch t





c,; CI.E'


t Lnt or-nat na I com tit Lo ~ will

yc.:;:ar. miners on

to New Z(",aland 0

'Cher in New

anot a Land ,

wil put UE


)'1 en fllr


us t




it had

ry putt