No 39

ISSN 0111 0896 November 1982

IiBlbodles's Blitzkriegll ACti'vists Manual

1 1

Periodicals CAFCINZ Receives Nining

Slideshow report Passmore Stewart Victory Coromandel Watchdog Nickel Smelter


3 3 4

Multinational control of Seeds \-Jarring and Spying ...


NZ9s role in Beirut Bloodbath Promotion for spy on CAFCINZ Inquiry Needed into SAS OwenWilkes - 'Welcome Home'

1 7 8 8

Save Aramoanar-- the Long Goodbye Activists' Conference in Christchurch




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CAFCINZ is pub'l Lshing nev ed.Lt.Lon of the 'Gomaleo Gamic I -

IN.Z. 's Number One Power .Junky ! , It will be available before Christmas - $1~50 single copies, $1.00 per copy for orders of

5 or more.

Order nowl

Also sec next pngo for spee Lal, offer on 'Bloodless Blitzkrieg'.


( 1.)

vie still have approximately 650 copies of "B'l.ood.Le s s Blitzkrieg" on hand and we would like to sell themo

Be in now for Christmas at our new J ov Price f f ? Only .00 each

or 80 cents each for l+ or more j! 'I'he ideal present for your friends working on the Clyde Darn


t\ND NOW.; A



s s

The publication of '''F.:..loodless Blitzyxieg'" ,vas only made poss.ib.le by loans fran individuals and an $800 loan fran the M.edia Collective (whose excellent work includes the series of "~'lorking Life" calendars 0 )

Earlier this year ,with $350 still owiriq, it announced, out of the blue and quite , it was writing off this amount., Not because it feared it would never get its rroney but because it was in good financial shape; had no projects in hand, and as a contribution to CAFCINZ 0 Ne went to SOJ:re lengths to persuade them to take sorrething of Lt , but they wouldn t accept another cent 0

So with our major creditor surprisingly rerroved (the private loans ~e long since repaid) p W2 found. ourselves owing less than $150 to ourselves (CAFCINZ had put up the rest of the money for publication) . We no longer required. a separate bank account, p which had been administered all along by Peter Conway, Lespi te less than perfect accounting methods being inflicted on him? our only bad debt. arrounted. to $10 80< Peter wasn+t, sorry to see the job go, but h e had done it patiently and efficiently for over 2 years,

A big vote of thanks to t.he r1edia Collective and Peter Conway 0 get yours afte~ the revolutiong comrades oeo



1 People Organising .for Powe t:' is a practically oriented book .for groups working for radical change in New Part One is a series of reoouxce papers on how to biii.Ld a campaign; co-operative styles of

working in q roiipe ; t.echrii quee and theory of nori-v i ol.ent: action. Pa:rt

Two consists of accounts from recent or continuing Ne.</, Zealand campaigns in the Envi rODmen tal Movemen t r Women 1 s Movement, neor i Land Ri gh t5 f

and the AntL-Apartheid Movement."

A valuable resource for activists Lnt.ex eet.ed in preparing themselves and their groups i n the struggle i'ox justice: and social change, available from -

Resource center for Non-Violence,

P.O.. 11569,

'[;I0'111ngton ($7. SO postpaid)

" '.






r. 2.

CORSO Resource Centre Environment Centre

3. Peace Movement NZ.

4. Penincula' Watchdog

5.. Raw Materials Group (Sweden)

6. Republican Movement'

7. Save Aramoan~ Campaign

8. Australia Asia Workers Links (Australia)

UN Centre on Transnational Corporations (New York, USA) lO~Christian Conference of Asia (JaP9in)

11. Colonial and lndigenous Minorities Research and Action

(CIMRA) England

12. coalition for Open Government

13. E:nergywatch

14. Epioentre

. 15 .Mul tina.tional Monitor (USA)


.pete Lusk reports that he is half way through getting the West Coast section of the CAFCINZ Minin.g Slideshow together. It will be ready by the end of November.

According to Pete, the.Kaniere dredge is in the final stages $f being scrapped. Only the pontoon is left. The Ngahere dredge which was to have taken over is mothballed and it too exists only, as a pontoon- a brand new one. The owners say they are waiting for the price of gold to rise before restarting work on the dredge . MeanwJ:lile 50 merr fiave been laid off.

Note: Kaniere Gold Dredge Co is 5/6 owned by Qalifornian Marlex Pet.roleUIll.. Watchd,og readers will remember that in May 1981 .. the Minister of Energy, Mr Birch, made some astonishing changes to the conditions governing the new dredging operation at Ngahere.on the Grey River. The changes allowed dredging to begin before land rehabilitation tr:i.ti.Q.s

were completed, and without obtaining approvals reg_uired under other legislation (eg. Water and Soil Act ,Town and County Planhing Act). According to the National Business Review, Birch made the changes at

the request of the Kaniere company because their bankers required it.

The bankers are Continental Bank of Ame.rLca •



CAFCINZ members who took part on the W£:st Coast Mining bus trip last

year will have fond memories of Mr and Mrs Passmore stewart. They gave us a guided tour and a "Qlow by blow description of how the gold dredge company, the government and the courts teamed up to allow the Taramakau River to

be diverted through their farmland. The Stewarts battled their way through 10 court cases without success. A decision made by the High

Court in 1979 ruled that the company had only 'realigned' the river

through their land, rot di verted it. In .Ius t Lce Roper's opinion the

river was simply taking a new channel over its historical bed.

'I'he implications of this decision were frightening. Most of the best land in New Zealand has been built up by rivers in the not too distant past. Even the city of Chri.stchurch is built on the flood plain of the Waimakariri River. The 11igh Court ruling implied that a mining company could direct the river through Christchurch without even applying for

a water right.

Finally, this year, after having 10 different lawyers and spending $60, 000 of their ownmcmey ~ the Stewarts got justice. Ina unanimous decision, the Court of Appeal overturned the High Court decisio:n,and Promised the Stewarts full compensation.

Anyone who has visited the Kaniere dredge will remember .. the huge piles of tailings stretching for miles up the river bed. Tllese tailing are just heaps of boulders, unfit for growing anything. . At great expense the company has levelled a small area in an attempt to show farmers that gold miners can restore the land to a produc;;U vestate. Their trial is not very convincing. Because all the topsoil wfits buried. or washed away during the dredging, the pasture has been established on coarse shingle. Only a very gullible farmer would put any faith in the miners often quoted claims of land restoration.

West Coast Federated Farmers have been negotiating with mining companies for compensation on the basis that the land will be restored. But there ls no evidence that the companies are ca.pable of doing it or that it is anywhere near economical for them to d.o so, The big minerfi3 will do nothing for New Zealand except wreck the land, dodge taxes and ride over the rights of small landowners.

By their clear-sightedness and grim determination, the Stewarts are an e~,~ple to us all.


One of the most important na.tura1 resource struggles currently being wC1.ged in NZ is that of Peninsula Watchdog against a plethora. of minipg multinationals allover the Cor01l1andel Peninsula.

Two CAFCINZ committee members spent several days in late 1981 with Wat:.'~hdog a.ctivists in Kuaotunu, a beautiful vailey not far from Whitiil1lgp. (that area is under threat from Gold Min!3s of NZ). Apart from the overwhelming hospitality, the CAFCINZ people were struck by

the efficiency of an organisation that has to overcome sheer geographical distance over rugged country even to hold a meeting.

(4) Peninsula watchdog is r-laging a continous battle and in more than one case it is wi.rutisiq F eq , Gold Hi.nes: has been tied nip in Court Cases by

EnvironmentaJ Defence Society over its Kuaotumi claims. And in tihe most

striking move r Tham8s/CoromandeJ. District Council has voted to calion the Ministry of Ene:cgy to place a .12 months moxetzoz ium on the issue of mining privileges in the area. It (;],lso recommended that the Minister should turn down trm current: proepectz iriq applications by multinat;ional Newmont pty Ltd over come 3000 bectzexee at. w'llangapoua oil the peninsula's east coast.

Peninsula v.Jatchdog produces an excellent f high que l.i. ty, regular newsletter which is the best of staying-informed on tzhe constantly changing

rilining scene i.r: Coxomende l., If you want to contact them, the address

is -PENINSULAWll'l'CIIDOG P.O. BOX 74, COROMll.NDEL. rYe urge all our

readers to do so arid to subscribe to their newal et tzer ,

A P.~IC·KEL SME··L-rE·R· ~OR· NC~I 7EALft~ID ?

~ \,.. .. "... r 11\"1. ... /"'4 ,f..,,-> C,," ""'.1'3, 11-

In 19809 a proposal was made for a nickel smelter to 'be sited in New Zealand, possibly in Nelson.· This was immediately met with public opposition and t.l,fter a month or s<the plans were pUblicly , dropped I • InJulyth:ts year5 Nelson newspEtper headlines again·raised the spectre. The Nelson. area appears to' 1)8 favoured but mention has also been made of other sites in Timaru? Bluff and Marsden Point. Because groups in these areas may not have seen press coverage on the proposal and because the siting Of a nickel smelter anY1,rhere in New Zealand will have important national implications> the informe,tion so far released is smnmarisedbelO1r:

The current proposa.L, as in 1980, has been made by NZ Nickel

J.Smelters Ltd of Auckland; d. private company registered in 1974, whose managing director is Mr Ernie Smith (an engineer by trade). Promoters say that the smelter will be a. NZ operation witt a "small'! foreign involvement; A major European company is known to be interested in the pro,ject and NZ Nickel Smelters is currently seeking a 1lsubstantial!l New Zealand partner.

Last month,Mr Smith visited :Nelson to view possible sites in company with tvro Austrian smelter experts thought to be connected with the construction firm of Vas Alpine. They were welcomed, given a helicopter trip and wined and dined by the Nelson Harbour Board whose chairman, Mr Frank Baldwin, appears to have been having a. very friendly Haison withMr Smith far some time. Local business representatives and civic leaders ,.ere invited to lunch but no public notice of the briefing waS given and the two local

MP'S were not invited. .

The Austrians did not, apparently, visit any other South Island sites but they met Government representatives, including Messrs Birch and Templeton in Wellington before their departure. There has been speculation that the Government is particularly interested in the use; of South Island hydro-electricity for the proj ect. 'I'her e have been conflicting reports about whether a smelter wou.Ld qualify for bulk price concessions or whether it would be supplied by a local authority. Estimated power reqUirements are 300 gigaHatt hours p . Ft.


Initially there is to be. a feasibility study (6 - 8 months) in

Europe to satisfy investors~ which will be followed by an EnvirOn!mental Impact Report (12 months). The promoters propose co.rmnissioning the smelter in about 5 years. Construction time is about 32 months.

It has. been suggested that this work could absorb many workers from SOme of the major energy projects which could be passing their constructi(Jn peaks in a little over 2 years. The peak smelter construction work force is estimated at 600.

The smelter, costing about $120 million and employing about 250 people with an annual wage bill of *4.5 million would use oxide o:refrom New Caledonia to produce ferro nickel is used to make stainless steel. 600,000 tonnes of ore would be imported to produce 40 ~ OOd tonnes of ferro nickel per year. 560, 000 tannes of waste wouJ,..d have to be disposed of per year.

Oxide (Lateritic) ore would arrive crushed and in a slurry. It should be noted that the older style nickel smelte:r: such as at Sudbury in Canada uses sulphide oz-e s ;:

A smelter would have i.ts own berthing facilities away from established ports. 65,000 tonnes of low sulphur coal from the West Coast would

be burnt annually in a drying kiln to remove the predicted ore moisture content of 25 - 30%.

NZ Nickel Smelters maintain that NZ added value would be about'pO%, yielding about $50 million a YE:arnet in overseas exchange. There is potential for further added value through use in the domestic steel industry and resulting import replacement. Total export earnings in relation to an alu.rnini urn 8111el tel' run 3 to 1 in favour of a nickel sme:J,_ tel', to Mr Smi thvrho also feels that even though nickel markets are 'depressed internationally, a NZ plant could still compete abroad at competitive prices from a modern plant.

There is little information readily available about lateritic Ore :plants but every effort is being made to find out about possible enviro~ental problems. It is not yet certain how serious this proposal is but a watchdog co:rnrni ttee in Nelson is carefulJ,..y man! taring deve l.opmerrt s arid making initial preparations to oppose a smelter. For further information or if you have had experience with lateritic are smelters in other parts of the world, please contact the Nelson Citizens' Committee on the Nickel Smelter, C/~ L. Harward, Main Road, Wbakapuaka, RD 1, Nelson)

(ph 520.691).

(reprinted from ECO Newsletter, September 1982).


Seeds,tb.e very basis of life itself, can now be "owned". Recent government legislation, makes almost all plant life subject to patenting. ONly algae I bacteria and fungi are now exempt.

since 1970, when plant patenting was introduced in the united States, seed prices have risen much faster than crop prices or other farm'costs.

Plant patent legislation, in Australia, has boon held up For three years because of opposi tion to it.

In a poll of. Australian farmers, over half thought that plant patenting laws would have a bad effect on agriculture. Only 5% thought the effect would be good. A massi ve 68% said they believed such laws would benefi t multinational. seed and chendst companies.

(6) Here in New Zealand, farmers will SOO::1 by paying more for seeds. Plant breeding and research wi.l.L become th('! domain of the large chemical industries which have bought up the seed companies " plus pushed i'or plant patenting legislation to protect their monopolies.

Shell Oil. r tho world's largest seed company wi th a 5Q:16 .interest in our 014n ~"atkins Seed tdm: ted, can now sell ciiemi.aal s and seeds as a package r vIi th each element dependent .on the other for successful crop maturation"

The giant companies are, of course J' interested in the royal ties they can gather from patented vaI'ieties. This means that cheap and diseaseresistant seeds are ignored, because they do not have a stablf'/ genetic

inake-up. Seerls that change to cope wz til nmvcondi tions are not peiieni:«

able and therefore hot profi t.ebl:e .

Be9ause these large companies are inv'alved in many phases of the food industry, they breed seods suitable for their chemical, processing and retail interests. Th&lY are not concerned with profit for the farmer or nutrition for the consumer.

Ahother alarming development a.ggravated by plant patenting laws" is the shrinking of the genetic pool. 'l'he woxLd ' s food crops are all derd: ved from traditional crops (and their wild relatives) but these are fast disa,ppearingp replaced by new (patented) hybrid varieties.

The genetic uniformi'ty of hybrid seeds means (each seed is identical to otihez-s of the same variety) if they are vul1)e:::able to one pesticide or disease then the whole harvest .islikely to be wiPed out • There will be no. ree.i stzeni: plants w.ith a different genetic make-up among the crop left standing when the pest has pa.ssed through.

Farmers who change over to the neli{ seeds become tota11y dependent on the seed compa.ny for future crops. The hybrid seeds mus.t be fertilized in the laboratory, not by the n~rmc.l proaees oi: cross-fertilization in the open field, so farmers must buy theirPl-anting seed from ths company every year.

They may find that the IleW seeds are not as hardy, and cannot surv i ve in poor growing conditions as we l.L as the old. But if the last of the old seed has disappeared i.nt:o the cooking pot a year ago, it is too late to change back.

The implications for Third r4o.r1d farmers are devtlstating. As traditional varieties disappear, fer" can pay for seed (which they once propagated themselves) and for the fertilisers and pesticides (which once they were

ab'1e to do wi tzhouti) . 'llhey must sell up and work on plantations owned

by multinational companies (if they can get work at a].l).

Most Ner.; Zealand fClrmers will be ab.l e to afford the extra costs for seeds and their accompanying chemicals brought about by plant patent

laws. But small farmers, especially, may fi.nd that extra

their concerns uneconomic.

Food product.Lon wi LL be concentrated anore and more into the hands of a few - mainly the mal tinati.onal companies"

(Reprinted from Corso. More complete details can be obtained from Corso's pamphlet "Seeds of Chapge" or extensive details from Raw Materials REport 1982, Vol 1, No 3, via CAFCINZ.


I RU- PLOIlDD l\·l·L:

<~'. ~ .f} .. )~ .. _ -!.5f'~ r; " .. ,

(7 )

Yes3 New Zealand has th')bloocl of innocent Palestinian civilians on its hands, however indirectly. As predici:;,:.~d by CAFCIlfZ in our leaflet on NZ's participation in the mUltinational '3:inai .monitoring force, the presence of foreign troops guars,ntees the stability of Israelis southern border with its most powerful l1(·oC)ut" ~ Egypt.

New Zealand acquiesced to Vi:.l'y unsubtle Amer-i can armti,;isting to take part in this force, a neces sury part of the Camp Dav id agreements

between Israel, Egypt ~ and thE: US. An agr-eement recognised by no other

government in 'Ghe reg:l.()n~ nor by the Palc·:,tinians) the people most directly affected.

"Poor little Isra.el!! has given ''iray to Tar-ae L, the fourth largest military

power in the vorla, using force as a daily instrument of state

poliey and to further the territorial a::i.t11s of the political ideology known as Zionism (not to be confused. with Judaism, hence criticism of Zionism

is not and never couldbe anti-·semitism). So Israel bombs Beirut as its patron, America, once "bombed. Hanoi; Israel's murderous. Christian allies (named after Franco v s F8J.angists) murder Palestinian civilians the same way as !l a few bad app.l.ea "murdered women , children and old people at

My LaL All this is done th impunity, in the full knowledge that the

southern border is secured by American troops and. those of its hirelings, such as New Zealand.

But don,'t just take our word for i't, As anRNZAF officer, freshly returned from the Sinai 9 said tiThe Israelis are happy to have us down there in the south. to keep the gyppos· cut so '(;hEW C8,n get stuck into the PLO in Lebanon. If.

And what about those +r ade ps.yoffs for helping out the Yanks yet &gain? Now they i re threatening to dump their agricultural sllrpluSes onto our markets ~ and slash the p:dceL;, Pez-haps they could kill two birds with

one stone and drop 250,000 't;onnes butter on Moscow,


NO, this is not yet moze about Owen rvi.lkes. 'l'his is about a real spy.

A couple of years ago, Watchdog re.Iated the tale of a fellow who arrived from nowhere p spent some time as an facti ve CAFCINZ commi ttee member r

and then returned to nO~vhere" We bas cen tzo add for the protection of our own reputations; +Iiet: we stronSrLY s'Llspectedhim as a spy all along. In fact he was a ",tanding joke.

Plell" when we last heerd of tiim, had xesurt'eced as a lowly police

constable, in another ci ty. Now , i. t seems he's been transferred and

promoted to the ranks 0:2 the detectives, Wla w.ill follow his police

career with keen personal i.ricex eei: , He never did renew his Watchdog

sub ~

( 8)



(~ f~'

\,) 0 1~ ~ II

Everybody j S heard about the SIS _. and everybody I d hear-d about the British SAS the murderous glamour boys of the Iranian Embass:y: siege and the Falklands war.

But much less is known about NZ s very own Special Air Service, based

at Papakur-a , In 1981, Watchdog reported the murky case of two SAS

men killed in a crash of the Philippines in an USA C-130 Hercules, modified for co1ml1ando landings and recovery (the same planes the Pentagon planned to use in its abortive hostage rescue mission into Iran). What they were doing remains unknown.

The SAS runs a jungle warfare traini:ro.g camp at Johore'Bahru, the southern most s t at.e of Malaya (this is separate from the NZ garrison in Singapore). They train SE Asian military personnel in counterinsurgency warfare. It is 'common knowledge in the NZ·Army that the SAS in several BE Asian countries, and that their illicit activities ar-e kept secret from the NZpuolic. as the "bleeding hearts would get upset if they found out NZ sold.iers wer-e fighting in other

countries' wars", Furthermore it is a standing Arrny joke tha,tSAS

deaths abroad .become fatalities on the road between iI1angere and P8.pakura. -must be a deadly road!

Watchdog wou.ld. like to learn more about the sinister activities of this arnJY wi-thin an 8.rnJY ~ and asks our readers to send us stories and anecdotes.

Ther.e m1,1l;lt be a reservoir of information out there. And don It forget,

its your taxes that pay the wages of these glorified hitmen.


0\Nen WiTh:esarrived back in New Z.ealand at the end of August (literally

it was the night. of the 31st). He travelled hane via Banby and .pydney ff

where' he had both lUE!dia and public com11i tments 0 He delayed his return to t~Z by a couple of days to speak. a.t a ma.jor conference in ~1elbourrie organised by· Peopl.e for Nuclear Dis~nt"

ONP..n had specified that he ~yarrt.L-U to be met, by his family only at Christchurch airport r and most specificially did not want. to :meet the lned.ia there. CAFCINZ had the devi.L Y S oWn job v~'it.hholding his travel plans from an endlessly ~rsistent J1'1J2diay whose" inquiries . reached a crescendo in the Gay or two lJefore his return. A press conference

had been arranged for several days after his return F but because of his extra couple .of days in Austra.lia, he had to face +he medaa th$

moming after his. arr ival..

He handled men \"lith aplcltnb! despite their usual questions of .;., . "Why pick on the nmeri cens only?" and "You must be ,'I spy if so marlY courts uph(J:ld your conviction". Both the "Pressll and national Tv . news chose to highlight ()...rE-;n.' s admission of having been wron';J about; Onega . (in fact 'IV ignored everythiriq else in thr.3 hourlong conference). There was nothi.l1g new in. this admission Ollien had stated it. to

ClWCThIZ in correspondence back in 1978. In fact at the conference;

he raised the ,,..mole issue himsol.f without any prompting from anyone.


He received much more symp.:-?th:c,tic c'Cvcrag~~ fran the "star" u and Radio J\TZo

Ev0l1 Radio" Rt'1.emt:1 covered .him, He spent I!;? hours "lith Jim Hopkins

on his Sunday 11ight tafu'-eck on Radio Avon 0 But rhe oost media cover-

age vas undoubcedl, y Ki011 Coates; exr..::el1,2;..'1t, feature al:ticle in the "Press". Kf:>...n had recently zeturned f~:..c:rrl 3;1.;2 yc::ars as "Press" correspondent. in london and had eovered Owen, i s Sqand, legal. hassles fram there.

During. his 10 days back' i,11 hcmE~t-o\1I"J. (befqre embarking on his

national flpeak_L'1g tour) r (J;A'el1 spoke at several, small m2etings (including

at't' endtno ,-,r''''' f"'1.J.~r'I""·? ccami t'!-e'''' '''''''~'tJ'Il~') and sooke -f!'.o,.. several. 1,."0, urs

. < ~ "_.I.~.&C '\_.,· .. 4J ... ,_, .. J>~(.J ... .d ..... i~t;,i-L..,#_"- c; ,;,i.~~ "" ':1 !J (.,u,f I;;'.)t·vr> .... ~ ..... ,v'~' ,Lt,

at a student forum at CC'.ni::cc:xbuxy University (hi.s national tour was sponsored by the NZtJniversity Students I Associa.tion).

But the highlight. of .hi.s time In ·C1rristchlJrch was easily the public meeting in 'I;:he Aldersgate fk"lil held on the Prj/lay night, 3 days after his. return. fuh, lt1f18ti1'lg was or<;:Fmised by Ctwcn.Jzp and was "quite indopendent of hisnatiomU speaJdngtour ('the financdnq of \\bieh was uncertain until tiK=.l lastnuneht) . The hall holds 250 - it was full to overflo~,j..i."1g, \"it11 many p::;oplestanding b Tr.e chai'rpersen Was Bill Wi1ltrott ~ the sarne Profeasor N. E b \l17illmott who nominated. owen for' this

year's NObel peace pr.ize, o...r2T1 was greeted\\)'ith acc1ama,tionand the

collection raised \:;mol.~gh money t:o send him round t.he COUtltiy on a 21~y NZRpc,lsS (GXi bless the Paihvays), 'which enough left over to pay all CAECINZ's cost.sassociated wit.l1t..l1e meeting ~ 'lherewasane donatioh

of . $100 0 a,,'el1 was g:i von .'SIn Lcecream carton bulgirJ.g with cash r and

faced the task ofc;.:1r:rying it hornr:2 through P.agley Park toMs parents;

place, late at 0 A ride ;'las arrange:L

Despite hav:ing a S8V8J:e cold due t.o caning ,straight frcrn norrthern summer to southern spring (he lost. his voice completely during the Ken Coates il1terv.:i.cM) v Ollen spoke non-atop for a·t Least; l~ hours, with time for questdons after.vaxds. Be spoke at considerable lengt'll on his legal .travails in 8"~;eden (as detailed .in numerous recent Watchdogs)

and very c::o:nvincingly on the arms race, proving -b"18 American su;p.eriority til aJ.l its <'i8i0aC·tsff \vith the att-endant.:cre.atiCil1 of ~' false Soviet

tht'eat. (this al1g:!.e .\'ri1.J.. be covered in depth separately). He chose not

to speak on NZ! s rol(~ in mil:L tm:y SCe."1:2; having ma.terial on

Mt John and Black Birch t:hal::' h3 'i;)'ished to release in Tim:tru and Ble.11heim respectively,


u.nguestionably 1 this was the rrost successful, public meeti.'1g C[.ffi'CINZ has

E!v'Brorgan1sedl C:Uld under-Lined the depth of support felt for OwEmin his hanet9Wn, undimini.shed by his absence in Scandina-via for nearly

6 years.

OWen has made it clE3aJ:' tha,t he is back In NZ tor good.. He is still ~ling his conviction and reduced sentence ill. &",r.::den (on appeal.,

he was .convicted of "unauthord.sed h.:mdling'; of official secretss , as opposed to the original one of l'grossly unauthorased handli.,"lgn f . and. his 6 nonths prison. serrtenoa \<JaS suspended indefir1iuJly p v:ith permanent

depO;rtation i.epl.eced by a mere 10 y(:lt'rrs. ShoUld his appeaJ. bseocepted

for hearing by Sweden ~ s highest court ( the equivalent of the Court of Appeal); it is not necessary for him to personally attend, and he

dossn q t intend to .

His presence back in NeW Zealand is a. pricoless asset; to the burgeoning

peace rrovemerrt here 0 ~\n:;Lcmm HOf"fE • 0 0 0 •


AN A1~TERTlIOUGHT ••• o. 1'0 i.Ll.uet.ret:e the . iii t i erenoe in the way officialdom see him here and in Sweden" suffice to say that he was waved straight through Customs at Harewood" tzred i. tionall y the most: obstructi. ve and

bloody mi.iided in the country. In fact he !'Jas . red so fast: he had

to for his parents to er to Irl<'Jet him. As tho old Norwegian

joko goes "In Ne'd Zealand they call their turnips Swedes ~" Perhaps

now we can get. an Ldee. why.



Due to the inexplicable action of the selection comm1..t:t:ee in awarding t:his year's Nobel Peace Prize to a COUplE? of foreigne:r;s,wefeol sure that all New Zealanders will share our sense of having been inslllted as

a nation. Accordingly, we have instructed the Government to sever

diplomatic relations with Norway .forthwi tl1 .•• , •••.


"TltiS-CIr't1:?:J7e, by Tim Jones of the "Save Araltloana Campai qn" is a summary of the speech he gave to the CAl"CINZ AGM in May. It arri trod too late to be included in the Leist: Watchdog.

The Aramoana smelter proposal dates back at least to the early 19708,

when a consortium called Otago Metals Ltd, fronted by diminutive but aggressive Dunedin businessman, Don Hunter, and backed by the Swiss

al.umfnf um !llult.inational A'Lusud s se , proposed such a venture. The "Bave Araraoanall campaign was formed to combat this proposal,and the public debate WaS just get'blng into full stride when the Labour Government of

the day decided that there wasn't .euf'f'Lcd errt electricity available to power such an energy-intensive pro,ject. Aramoana settled down again to enjoy its previously untroubled existence, but Alusuisseno doubt kept

the site in mind, and the Otago Haroour Board did not waver in its longexpressed. intention to hock the site off the some form of heavy industry.



Between tihen and 1979 ~ when the proposal was revived ~ ue had the n011 .. famtliar saga of th,,; Oover-nmerrt I s grossly-inflated power' consumpt.Lon estimates and consequently expansive dam-building progra.rnme, its subsequent discovery that it had m.agicaliy acquirea. an impressively large black of "surplus power-"; and :Lts announced intention to offer this to the multinationals at "attractive'! r , Of the estimated 5000 G:lgawatthours surplus, 2000 was parcelled out to for another pot Ld ne at Tiwai Point, and the rema:tnlng 3000 was just right for an aluminium smelter somewhere in the South Island. Various consortia jockeyed

for the privilege of taking up the power- how exciting it must have been for the Minister of Energy to have companies like Kaiser> She'Ll, and ReynOlds knocking on his door ; and. the lucky winners were Fletchers of New Zealand (soon to expand into Fletcher-Chal1enge)~ CSR of Austral:i.a through their partnershil) in Gove Alumina ~ and Gove ' S o'bhe r

owner, the alforementioned Alusu:i.sse. Otago's business communt ty sat up

straight at the imagined prospect of riches to come) the. Save Ar amoana Campaign was reformed~ and it was all on ~sain.

the story from there-, the envirornnental opposition 9 the Van Moeseke report" site selection. the .Sa'!6 Aramoana Campaign Travelling Embassy c ar avan , CREEDNZ legal caJllpaign, the power price negotiations which went on .... on .•.. and on" the l! ahcck" wi tbdrawal of Alusuisse (which had been on cards for at Jeast six months 'hef'or-e it happened 1.n October 1981) and frantic search for another pn.rtner with the necessary technology and expertise,


I wish to pick things up again early in 1982. shortly after further doubts bad been cast on the proj ect I s future -with the news that eSR. having forked out over $800 million to pay for the American company Delhi Oil, did not intended to make any further maj or finandal commitment during/ the first half of this decade. Fletcher-Challenge was beginning to tire of frequent statements that a replacement for Alu6uisse woUld. be all signed up in three weeks, or a fortnight, or two days, or definitely before the election for Rob, Or as a Christmas present for the Loya.l. and patient citizens of Dunedd n , They had narrowed the fields such as it .was, down to two ~ l(aiser Aluminium and Chemical Corporation of the US - a major shareholder in the Tiws.i Point smelter and a company With a particularly bad (Le. particUlarly badly hidden) record of political black1nail and broken prolll.ises ::tnthe

Third World - or Aluminium Pechiney, a subsidiary of France's recelitly nationalised Pechiney ... Ugine-Kuhlmann cOllg1l5lnerate a.nd a relative dark horse aincmgst the Big' Six aluminium produders, wherein it, was placed fifth largest.

A word about the Big Six is in order here. These companies - Alcoa, Alcan, Reynolq,s9 Kaiser; PeGhiney,Alusuisse ... function essentially as a cartel. they do compete formarl\.et share to a limited, .extent, they are so intertwined <by common interest> common ownersllip and partnership in smelters ana. bauxite and alumini:l.refineries.that they are more interested in keeping :pushy outsiders like Alumax (owned by A.MAX of American and Japan I s Mitsui) from gra.bbing asubstEffitial slice of their cake, and ensuring.tpat Third WorldcountJ:!ies like Upper Volta, J8l11aica or New Ze.aland never gain control over !!lore than one aspect oftheaJ.tlm1nium.production process (ba1,lj{ite' mining ana. refining, alumina refining, aluminitlm production andfabrica.tion) and thus get into an advantageous bargaining :positioll. They will go to very considerable lengths to ensure that bauxite is mined in .onecountry, refined to alumina . and turned into aluminium in a third -

only when they feel very secure, as ill Australia, do they let the whole process take p.l.aoe in one country.


Fletcher Challenge had sound public-relations reasons for' Wanting a partner by the March 9th Planning Tribunal hearings on the project. This hearing was likely to be most embarrassing for them, since they would have to withdraw their ilfaet trackll planning application, and a shiny new partner wotlld be just the thillg to divert public attention from theemper6rs bare behind. They put a lot of pressure on both Ka:iser and Pechiney durinfJ;, th~ week before the hearings, but neither signed up, and Kaiser subsequently

dropped cut of' the running. This left Pechiney. and they settled into negotiations with the Ministry of Energy over a power supply Rgreeruent.

The failUre of the earlier negotiations with Alusuisse haa. been brought about by a number of :tactors. Large secto:t's of both Gover:nment advisers and public opinion had realised that a smelter at subsiCiised electricity rates would be an economic. disaster for the country in conventional terms ~ as

well as being a further reduction of New Zealand's .capacity for independent action. This awareness meant that the Government, despite its political / commitment to the project, could not afford to drop its asking power price too low. Since the world aluminium market was moving into a major slu.tr1:P, and the prospect of recovery was steadily receding, Alusuisse could not afford to accept a power price at the level the Government wanted. The world aluminium market looks even less healthy now, and trends in al1)ln.inium consumption indicate that even if the market does regain its former levels, it is 'unlikely that the use of aluminium w:Ul resume its f'o rmer- overall increase. Thus, Pechilley need a cheap price, cheaper than those it is being offered in other countries nearer to its markets and supplies of raw material.



On Wednesday. the 23rd of .Iuno ~ 1'1r Birch announced that Government and Pechiney negotiators had been unable to agree on power pricing, and that

he felt it was unlikely negotiations would proceed further, On the followI.!lo; Monday. however, j,t vas announced that Pechiney ,,(ould be commencing a .four,~ month feasability s t.udy of the project and NZ' 8 overall electricity system, The change of heart over these five days had 'brought about largely by intensive discussions between the Prim Minister and Pechiney. Mrlldoon

needed to keep the project alive to provide a plausible end-user for Clyde high dam power and to prevent a further erosion of National I s credibility

at a time when defeat in Parlie,w.cnt looked likely. !,rhe 1'ea8ab11i ty study

is now drawing to a close. ,_, it's been a d.istinctly low-kay affair, and

one wonders what new information it 1,Till have turned up, The key question is whetiher the Gover-nment, is prepared to lower its asking price, and indications of -this should come when the negotiatiOl~S resume.

Groups such as the Savc~ Aramoana Campaign and CEEEDNZ have been keeping a lo'W, IlJ,s,inly ears~to~the-grouncl profile during the last few months,

and this is likely to continue until something begins to happen. The

basic political pl3,ra."Ueterswi thin which the Gover-nment must keep its asking price remain much the same, but they need to be reminded from time to time of pubU c opposition to cut -pr-I ce smelter power. 'I'he Proj eet still appears likely to die a quiet death, but we aren't taking any chances.

1'0 finish off, I feel there's some useful points to be made about the ways in wh:i,ch t11e anti-smelter campaign has operated. First of all, I've

found that the ~lon-hierarchical, consensus way the Save Aram,oana Campaign hae run ~ using the decision-making, facili tat:i.on and planning techniques which have -been collected and taught by Non-Vd.o'l enb Ac·tion trainers ~

has been va.Luab'Le in minimising conflict wHhin the group, whilst allowing

a variety of ideas and voices ,to be heard, sharing the skills of group members, and ensuring that we didn't neglect long-term strategy in favour of week __ to-week tactics. the diffict1lty of decisions we had to make, such as whether or not to use civil disobedience tactics as and when appropriate> the lack of splitting in the group "TaS r-emarkab.Le ~. different points of vieW9 and even factions, existed, but they were a'ble to work togetb,er and:' didn 1 t retreat to entrenchedposi tions. The emphasis on regular evaluation of the progress and ef·fectlveness of our activities was also very helpful, and I ·would r-ecommend the study of such techniq].les to people and groups involved in;n and rela.ted work, In case you

notice an element of proselytising here" that! s probably because I was sufficiently impressed with these techniques in action that I became a Non-Violent trainer!

Another irllportant lesson vas the need to subsume action through the legal system wlthin your ovena.l.I p.Lan , ro,thc·r than letting is become the major

or only thrust of your work. TtThen CREEDNZwau set up ,it was r-ecognd s ed tha.t court action was most l.l1lJ,ikely to stop the project directly _. it could, however, set it back in various ways and make it increasingly expensive

and embarrassing for the consortium partners. This is not to say that we didn v t i go in to win I - we entered court cases with the intention of

winning them. but ,iTe dd dn ''I; bank on winning them or expect other parties to abide by legal decisions. 1tle also learnt that a ne-twor-k of groups and

a variety of approaches, rather than a monolithic structure) produces good

results and keeps opponents guessing. It isnft really possible for

ci ti zens I groups to take on F'Let.cher=Cha.l Lenge and their ilk by initiating their methods; f1exibility, imagine.tiotl, and speed of response can be more than a match for a well-fueled money machine.


The Save Aramoana approached its work, and talked to its

opponents, with a self-confidence bordering on arrogance. iie talked about "when you withdra;·, from the proj ect 11, not "iff!. We kept in regule,r touch with the consortium par-tner'e , out1:ining our and the media's view of our

successes and their failures, and basing our approach on the damage we could do to their interests:l rather than on the immorality of their actions. Once we had established that we could 'back our words with action (which was

qui te simply done, by not overstating our case too much and by a few symbolic actions such as the scaling of the Aramoana wind-testing pylon - far more effective than bombing it!) it was not too hard to mainta.irt our

credibility. This was assisted by being open about our irttentioris and

the actions for which we (the S.A.C.) would take responsibility, I hope some of the things we learnt will prove useful to other campad.gris 0

{Ti...'ll Jones)

(Note: 'I'he views expressed bylJ.'im Jones on Non-Violent Action Training

are not necessarily those ofCAFCINZ. -Ed.)


After the cCltlrars:is of the Springbok tour and the coitus interruptus of· tib e election, CllFCINZ thought it woqld be a u s e+ fu1 exercise to call a conference of as many Christchurch activist organisations a.s possible. It w~s decided to hold it in the dead of the .southern winter, to give~s time to organise it properly p and deliberately because. there was. no Springbok tour, with twoperformancc:;s a week, plus a Saturday matinee,

to keep us from freezirig th~s year.

There was nothing hew about sucllconferences. ChristChurch has never been infected by the fatal disease o.f sectarianism, ahd a decade ago PYM he1.d several (remembtu PYM? The bete noire or the bourgeoisie before the Mongrel Mob was invented.

Nosta.lgiaaside, the conference was duly called for Saturday r July 31

at Hagley House (an appropri at:« venue I given the precarious nature of

Hagley High's existence). We invi ted about 30 groups I and set a dozen acceptances as the minimum necessary to make it worthwhi.1e. In the event there wereroar1y 20 eocepiuuicee beforehand, and a last minute rush of groups wanting to attend, with a few not actually.signifying their interest until

the day. All in all about 40 people took part. A wide range of groups

were represented - church, environmental, women's,ant.i-apartheid, peace, etc', etc. Every group was allowed one speaker each, for no more than 5 minutes 0 The conference was by invitation only, and was not open to the press or public; in fact it was not publicised at all, not even to our own men1bers.

The purpose of the whole thing was for each .qroup to teU us what thGir activities were going .to be in the near future, w.ith a vier" to establishing areas in which we Can help one another, cind find some common ground. It was specifically not to debate political ideology. We hoped to find things to agree on, whilst being aware of our manifold areas of disagrl2ement.


The morning session was overwhelmingJlj successful: This was the formal part where oecb group's speaker presented their forthcoming ect.iv i ties. iJ.11 stuck to the br_lef time limit (imposed beceueo of the sheer number

of groups wishing to speak) end only one or two wasted their not

stickLng to tho subJ.ect. A lot of'ormat.i.on was exchanged t and a. vs.Iuaole.

list of each group I s rosourcee """IS drawn up, is'very gx'OUp got a rai r go; with time: for quostions and di soueei on et t.oz edeh ! if called for.

Nor did the expected proceedi rujs _. wost di scnies i.on was stimulated by Patier;ts' Rights" a Leet: minute perit.,

The afternoon seas i.on was cons i derabl q loss euocoeoi'u.i, C/1FCTNZ had delibera.tely Lotit: i t.unplannedf because the morning's events could

have xendoxed any t.Lmettab l.e raeenl nql.oee , ~fe ha.d pl.enried itzo suggest breaking into workshop;· to discuss themes that arose' from the morning's proceedi.nae , unemploymcnt and t.lie eaonomq being obv i.oue examples, But this didn't iieppen , Peopl.(? wanted to have a largo group di.scuse ion , wb continued fox' several hours f and ranged over a. varioty of tzop i ce , Because,of the diverse naturo of the participants, preference of different approaches I and general di t i erencee in poLitical consciousness, however f such a di.ecueeion could only be at the most qeneral Leve I , It Ivas e LL

very ple.asant, but it di.dn ~ t get us very far ,.

CAFCINZ never expected anything ooncrete to come out of sllch a conference; and so was perfectly sat i.eti.ed with how it went. At least i t: enables people wDxking in seem.ingly d.lff'crent Ei elde to get together, meet one another possibly iios: the first t.ime , and just let Li.kemirided people know what they f re doing and how otziici:e can help (and Likewi so hcn« they help

oth6H:s). :Che vast majority of pe rt.i c.i pcntu: they found it a vort.bwixi L«.

exercise; and would take part i.n a Future one, to be organised by another group.