This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

Scribd Selects Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

P. 1

Trignometric Cheat Sheet|Views: 58|Likes: 6

Published by mehmoodkhan0345

enjoy

enjoy

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/23582249/Trignometric-Cheat-Sheet

08/18/2010

text

original

**Definition of the Trig Functions
**

Right triangle definition For this definition we assume that 0 <θ <

π

2

or 0° < θ < 90° .

**Unit circle definition For this definition θ is any angle.
**

y

( x, y )

hypotenuse opposite

y 1 x

θ

x

θ

adjacent sin θ = opposite hypotenuse adjacent cos θ = hypotenuse opposite tan θ = adjacent hypotenuse opposite hypotenuse sec θ = adjacent adjacent cot θ = opposite csc θ = sin θ = y =y 1 x cos θ = = x 1 y tan θ = x 1 y 1 sec θ = x x cot θ = y csc θ =

**Facts and Properties
**

Domain The domain is all the values of θ that can be plugged into the function. sin θ , θ can be any angle cos θ , θ can be any angle 1⎞ ⎛ tan θ , θ ≠ ⎜ n + ⎟ π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… 2⎠ ⎝ csc θ , θ ≠ n π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… 1⎞ ⎛ sec θ , θ ≠ ⎜ n + ⎟ π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… 2⎠ ⎝ cot θ , θ ≠ n π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… Range The range is all possible values to get out of the function. csc θ ≥ 1 and csc θ ≤ −1 −1 ≤ sin θ ≤ 1 −1 ≤ cos θ ≤ 1 sec θ ≥ 1 and sec θ ≤ −1 −∞ ≤ tan θ ≤ ∞ −∞ ≤ cot θ ≤ ∞ Period The period of a function is the number, T, such that f (θ + T ) = f (θ ) . So, if ω is a fixed number and θ is any angle we have the following periods. sin (ωθ ) →

cos (ωθ ) →

T= T T T T T

2π

tan (ωθ ) → csc (ωθ ) →

sec (ωθ ) →

cot (ωθ ) →

ω 2π = ω π = ω 2π = ω 2π = ω π = ω

© 2005 Paul Dawkins

**Formulas and Identities
**

Tangent and Cotangent Identities sin θ cos θ tan θ = cot θ = cos θ sin θ Reciprocal Identities 1 1 csc θ = sin θ = sin θ csc θ 1 1 sec θ = cos θ = cos θ sec θ 1 1 cot θ = tan θ = tan θ cot θ Pythagorean Identities sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ = 1 tan 2 θ + 1 = sec 2 θ 1 + cot 2 θ = csc 2 θ Even/Odd Formulas sin ( −θ ) = − sin θ csc ( −θ ) = − csc θ cos ( −θ ) = cos θ tan ( −θ ) = − tan θ Periodic Formulas If n is an integer. sin (θ + 2π n ) = sin θ sec ( −θ ) = sec θ cot ( −θ ) = − cot θ Half Angle Formulas 1 sin 2 θ = (1 − cos ( 2θ ) ) 2 1 cos 2 θ = (1 + cos ( 2θ ) ) 2 1 − cos ( 2θ ) tan 2 θ = 1 + cos ( 2θ ) Sum and Difference Formulas sin (α ± β ) = sin α cos β ± cos α sin β cos (α ± β ) = cos α cos β ∓ sin α sin β tan α ± tan β 1 ∓ tan α tan β Product to Sum Formulas 1 sin α sin β = ⎡cos (α − β ) − cos (α + β ) ⎤ ⎦ 2⎣ 1 cos α cos β = ⎡cos (α − β ) + cos (α + β ) ⎤ ⎦ 2⎣ 1 sin α cos β = ⎡sin (α + β ) + sin (α − β ) ⎤ ⎦ 2⎣ 1 cos α sin β = ⎡sin (α + β ) − sin (α − β ) ⎤ ⎦ 2⎣ Sum to Product Formulas ⎛α + β ⎞ ⎛α − β ⎞ sin α + sin β = 2sin ⎜ ⎟ cos ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎛α + β ⎞ ⎛α − β ⎞ sin α − sin β = 2 cos ⎜ ⎟ sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎛α + β ⎞ ⎛α − β ⎞ cos α + cos β = 2 cos ⎜ ⎟ cos ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ tan (α ± β ) = ⎛α + β ⎞ ⎛α − β ⎞ cos α − cos β = −2sin ⎜ ⎟ sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ Cofunction Formulas

⎛π ⎞ sin ⎜ − θ ⎟ = cos θ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎛π ⎞ csc ⎜ − θ ⎟ = sec θ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎛π ⎞ tan ⎜ − θ ⎟ = cot θ 2 ⎝ ⎠ ⎛π ⎞ cos ⎜ − θ ⎟ = sin θ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎛π ⎞ sec ⎜ − θ ⎟ = csc θ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎛π ⎞ cot ⎜ − θ ⎟ = tan θ 2 ⎝ ⎠

csc (θ + 2π n ) = csc θ

cos (θ + 2π n ) = cos θ sec (θ + 2π n ) = sec θ tan (θ + π n ) = tan θ cot (θ + π n ) = cot θ Double Angle Formulas sin ( 2θ ) = 2sin θ cos θ cos ( 2θ ) = cos 2 θ − sin 2 θ = 2 cos 2 θ − 1 = 1 − 2sin θ 2 tan θ tan ( 2θ ) = 1 − tan 2 θ

2

Degrees to Radians Formulas If x is an angle in degrees and t is an angle in radians then π t πx 180t = ⇒ t= and x = 180 x 180 π

© 2005 Paul Dawkins

Unit Circle y

⎛ 1 3⎞ ⎜− , ⎟ ⎝ 2 2 ⎠ ⎛ 2 2⎞ , ⎜− ⎟ 2 2 ⎠ ⎝ ⎛ 3 1⎞ ⎜− , ⎟ ⎝ 2 2⎠

( 0,1)

π

2 2π 3 90° 120° 60°

π

3

⎛1 3⎞ ⎜ , ⎟ ⎜2 2 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 2 2⎞ ⎜ ⎜ 2 , 2 ⎟ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 3 1⎞ ⎜ , ⎟ ⎜ 2 2⎟ ⎝ ⎠

3π 4

π

4

45°

5π 6

150°

135°

π

30°

6

( −1,0 )

π 180°

0°

360°

0 2π

(1,0 )

x

⎛ 3 1⎞ ⎜− ,− ⎟ 2⎠ ⎝ 2

7π 6

210°

225°

**330° 315° 7π 300° 270° 4 5π 3π 3 2 ⎛
**

( 0,−1)

⎛ 2 2⎞ ,− ⎜− ⎟ 2 2 ⎠ ⎝

5π 4

11π 6

4π 3

240°

⎛ 3 1⎞ ⎜ ,− ⎟ ⎝ 2 2⎠

⎛ 2 2⎞ ,− ⎜ ⎟ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2

⎛ 1 3⎞ ⎜ − ,− ⎟ ⎝ 2 2 ⎠

1 3⎞ ⎜ ,− ⎟ ⎝2 2 ⎠

For any ordered pair on the unit circle ( x, y ) : cos θ = x and sin θ = y Example ⎛ 5π cos ⎜ ⎝ 3 ⎞ 1 ⎟= ⎠ 2 ⎛ 5π sin ⎜ ⎝ 3 3 ⎞ ⎟=− 2 ⎠

© 2005 Paul Dawkins

**Inverse Trig Functions
**

Definition y = sin −1 x is equivalent to x = sin y y = cos −1 x is equivalent to x = cos y y = tan −1 x is equivalent to x = tan y Domain and Range Function Domain y = sin −1 x y = cos x y = tan −1 x

−1

Inverse Properties cos ( cos −1 ( x ) ) = x cos −1 ( cos (θ ) ) = θ sin ( sin −1 ( x ) ) = x tan ( tan −1 ( x ) ) = x Alternate Notation sin −1 x = arcsin x cos −1 x = arccos x tan −1 x = arctan x sin −1 ( sin (θ ) ) = θ tan −1 ( tan (θ ) ) = θ

−1 ≤ x ≤ 1 −1 ≤ x ≤ 1 −∞ < x < ∞

−

π

Range ≤ y≤

π

2 2 0≤ y ≤π

−

π

2

< y<

π

2

**Law of Sines, Cosines and Tangents
**

β

c

a

α

γ

b

Law of Sines sin α sin β sin γ = = a b c Law of Cosines a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos α b 2 = a 2 + c 2 − 2ac cos β c 2 = a 2 + b 2 − 2ab cos γ Mollweide’s Formula a + b cos 1 (α − β ) 2 = c sin 1 γ 2 Law of Tangents a − b tan 1 (α − β ) 2 = 1 a + b tan 2 (α + β ) b − c tan 1 ( β − γ ) 2 = b + c tan 1 ( β + γ ) 2 a − c tan 1 (α − γ ) 2 = 1 a + c tan 2 (α + γ )

© 2005 Paul Dawkins

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd