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# BS8110-1 REINFORCED RECTANGULAR SECTION

Gi ven:
M
u
6.0kN m := moment
b 1000mm := width
d 144mm := effective depth
d' 56mm := depth of the compression steel from the comprssion face
fcu 40MPa := compressive strength
fy 460MPa := yield strength
Sol uti on:
M
max
0.156 fcu b d
2
129.393 kN m = := BS 3.4.4.4
check
M
"provide compressive reinforcement" M
u
M
max
> if
"Single reinforced" otherwise
:=
check
M
"Single reinforced" =
Mu < Mmax, no compressi on rei nforcement i s requi red
K
conc
M
u
fcu b d
2

7.234 10
3
= :=
z d 0.5 0.25
K
conc
0.9
+
|

\
|
|
.
142.833 mm = := BS 3.4.4.4
check
z
"z >0.95d"
z
d
0.95 > if
"OK" otherwise
"z >0.95d" = :=
z
d
0.992 =
x
d z
0.45
2.593 mm = :=
check
x
"x >0.5d" x
d
2
> if
"OK" otherwise
"OK" = :=
d
2
72mm =
As
M
u
0.87 fy z
104.965 mm
2
= := BS 3.4.4.4
100
As
b d
0.073 =
Asmin
per
0.13 fy 460 MPa = if
0.24 fy 250 MPa = if
"fy is 250 MPa or 460MPa" otherwise
0.13 = := BS Table 3.25
Asmin
per
b d
100
187.2 mm
2
=
A
sgovern
max As
Asmin
per
b d
100
,
|

\
|
|
.
187.2 mm
2
= :=
Mu > Mmax, area of compressi on rei nforcment As' i s requi red
f's 700 MPa 1
2 d'
d

\
|
|
.
155.556 MPa = := BS 3.4.4.4
check
f's
"f`s >0.95fy" f's 0.95fy > if
"OK" otherwise
"OK" = :=
0.95fy 437 MPa =
As'
M
max
M
u

f's 0.67
fcu
1.5

|

\
|
|
.
d d' ( )
10183.749 mm
2
= := BS 3.4.4.4
0.2b d
100
288 mm
2
= BS Table 3.25
100
As'
b d
7.072 =
A
s'govern
max As'
0.2b d
100
,
|

\
|
|
.
10183.749 mm
2
= :=
z' d 0.5 0.25
0.156
0.9
+
|

\
|
|
.
0.112m = :=
BS 3.4.4.4
A
s
M
max
0.95 fy z
M
u
M
max

0.95 fy d d' ( )
+ 1135.671 mm
2
= :=
BS 3.4.4.4
As is to be placed at the bottom of the beam and As' at the top for
positive bending and vice versa for negative bending