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Elements and Principles of Design

Elements and Principles of Design

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Published by: Min Costillas Zamora on Aug 07, 2014
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DESIGN EXERCISE 3 by: SHARMAINE LEA C.

ZAMORA
ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLES OF DESI GN
ELEMENTS OF DESIGN...

Line: The trace of a po!t ! "oto!# a th!
$tro%e# or e&e! a !arro' p(a!e ca! be
co!$)ere) a (!e. It create$ &$*a(
)recto!.

Perspective: "ea!$ +&e'po!t+ or
+&a!ta,e po!t.+  I! &$*a( art# t ha$ to )o
'th ho' "*ch a!).or ho' 'e(( a 'or% of
art tre$ to $ho' three )"e!$o!a(ty.

Form $ the three )"e!$o!a( &er$o! of
$hape. It !c(*)e$ )epth a!) the a))e)
co"p(e/ty of )0ere!t &$*a( for"$ fro"
)0ere!t po!t$ of &e'.
ELEMENTS OF DESIGN...

Texture $ the (oo% or fee( of the $*rface$ !
yo*r )e$,!. I! a )ra'!,# the te/t*re of a! o()
"a!1$ faca( 'r!%(e$ co*() be $ho'! 'th ro*,h
"ar%$ 'h(e the $"ooth!e$$ of a baby1$ $%!
'o*() be better )epcte) 'th $oft(y b(e!)e)
$tro%e$.

Structure "p(e$ the e!,!eer!, of
$tato!ary ob2ect$ $*ch a$ b*()!,$ a!)
br),e$# or ob2ect$ that "ay be "ob(e b*t ha&e
a r,) $hape $*ch a$ $hp h*(($ a!) arcraft
fra"e$. De&ce$ 'th part$ p(a!!e) to "o&e
'th re(ato! to each other 3(!%a,e$4 are
,e!era((y a$$,!e) to the area of "echa!ca(
)e$,!.
DESIGN PRINCIPLES...

Pattern or,a!5e$ $*b2ect "atter ! a
co!$$te!t "a!!er $*ch a$ a ,r)# a ro'# or a
$pra(

Repetition 'or%$ 'th patter! to "a%e the
art'or% $ee" act&e. The repetto! of
e(e"e!t$ of )e$,! create$ *!ty 'th! the
art'or%.

Transition or Movement $ the $*,,e$to!
or ((*$o! of "oto! ! a pa!t!,# $c*(pt*re#
or )e$,!. 6or e/a"p(e# a b(*rre) car
$*,,e$t$ $pee) a!) "o&e"e!t. The )recto!
of $o"eo!e1$ ,a5e "ay pro&)e a tra!$to!
to a )0ere!t area or )ea of the "a,e.
DESIGN PRINCIPLES...

Balance pre&e!t$ o!e part of yo*r )e$,!
fro" )o"!at!, 'he! yo* )o!1t 'a!t t to.
It a($o %eep$ the &e'er$ eye fro" $tray!,
o0 the )e$,!. 6or e/a"p(e# a 'hte
bac%,ro*!) 'th o!e 7,*re to the far (eft
fac!, (eft $ *!ba(a!ce). A))!, a!other
7,*re o! the r,ht fac!, *$ create$ ba(a!ce.

Direction o0er$ ba$ca((y three opto!$8
hor5o!ta(# &ertca( or ob(9*e.
The )o"!a!t )recto! ! a! art'or% ha$ a
po'erf*( !:*e!ce o&er the at"o$phere
,e!erate) by the 'or%.
DESIGN PRINCIPLES...

Harmony $ the &$*a((y $at$fy!, e0ect of
co"b!!, $"(ar or re(ate) e(e"e!t$.
A)2ace!t co(or$# S"(ar $hape$# Re(ate)
te/t*re$.
Har"o!y ! a pa!t!, or )e$,! he(p$ br!,
abo*t *!ty. A(( har"o!y a!) !o co!tra$t#
ho'e&er# ca! beco"e "o!oto!o*$. A
ba(a!ce "*$t be $tr*c% bet'ee! area$ of
har"o!y a!) area$ of co!tra$t.

Variety $ the *$e of $e&era( e(e"e!t$ of
)e$,! to ho() the &e'er1$ atte!to! a!) to
,*)e the &e'er1$ eye thro*,h the art'or%.
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: LNE

The e),e$ of the t(e$
for" (!e$
PRN!PLE:
P"TTERN

There $ a patter! of
$"a(( $9*are$ a!) b,
octa,o!$
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: LNE

There are hor5o!ta(#
&ertca( a!) !c(!e)
(!e$
PRN!PLE:
REPETT#N

A(( the (!e$ are
repeate) !
the $a"e "a!!er
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: LNE

The )e$,! of the
$tar$ $ho' a c*r&e (!e
PRN!PLE:
M#VEMENT

C*r&e (!e$ $ho'
"o&e"e!t$
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: LNE

The )e$,! $ho'$
!c(!e)
(!e$
PRN!PLE:
B"L"N!E

The $(a!t!, (!e$
create a
ba(a!ce
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: LNE

There are hor5o!ta(
a!)
&ertca( (!e$
PRN!PLE:
DRE!T#N

The $tar$ $ho'$ a!
*p'ar) )recto!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: LNE

The )e$,! of the
char$ $ho'$ (ot$ of
(!e$
PRN!PLE:
H"RM#N$

The )e$,! $ho'$
har"o!y that "a)e the
)e$,! $at$fy!,
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: LNE

The $tra'$ create
perpe!)c*(ar a!)
para((e(
(!e$
PRN!PLE:
V"RET$

The (!e$ $ho'$
&arety of
co(or$
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
PERSPE!TVE

The patter! $ho'$ t$
)$ta!ce fro" a po!t
PRN!PLE:
P"TTERN

The )e,! $ho'$ a
,r) of patter!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
PERSPE!TVE

It $ho'$ a po!t of
&e'
PRN!PLE:
REPETT#N

The $tr*ct*ra( )e$,!
$ repeate)
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
PERSPE!TVE

It $ho'$ a po!t of
&e'
PRN!PLE:
M#VEMENT

The fo*!ta! a!) the
:o' of 'ater create$ a
"o&e"e!t
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
PERSPE!TVE

It $ho'$ a po!t of
&e'
PRN!PLE: B"L"N!E

It $ho'$ $y""etrca(
ba(a!ce
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
PERSPE!TVE

It $ho'$ a po!t of
&e'
PRN!PLE:
DRE!T#N

the (,ht $ho'$ a
for'ar) )recto!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
PERSPE!TVE

It $ho'$ a po!t of
&e'
PRN!PLE:
H"RM#N$

the roa) a!) the
tree$ $ho' har"o!y
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
PERSPE!TVE

It $ho'$ a )0ere!t
per$pect&e$
PRN!PLE:
V"RET$

Sho'$ )0ere!t
per$pect&e fro"
)0ere!t %!)$ of &e'$
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: F#RM

It$ a patter! of
cy(!)er
PRN!PLE:
P"TTERN

The ob2ect$ are
or,a!5e) ! a $a"e
"a!!er
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: F#RM

It$ for" create$ a
'o"a! feat*re
PRN!PLE:
REPETT#N

It$ for" $ repeate)
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: F#RM

It $ho'$ a! rre,*(ar
for"
PRN!PLE: M#VEMENT

The )e$,! of the
"rror $ho'$ "o&e"e!t
beca*$e t ha$ a $catter
of for"$
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: F#RM

The for" of the bea"
)oe$!1t o!(y $*pport
the b*()!, b*t t a($o
create$ a )e$,!
PRN!PLE:
B"L"N!E

The )e$,! $ho'$ a
$y""etrca( ba(a!ce
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: F#RM

It$ for" $ho'$
"o)er!ty
PRN!PLE:
DRE!T#N

The )e$,! of the
b*()!, ha$ a! *p'ar)
)recto!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: F#RM

It $ho'$ )0ere!t
%!)$ of for"$
PRN!PLE:
H"RM#N$

The )0ere!t for"$ of
the &a$e create$
har"o!y
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: F#RM

It ha$ a! ab$tract
for"
PRN!PLE:
V"RET$

The ob2ect ha$ a
&arety of )e$,!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: TE%T&RE

It $ho'$ )0ere!t
%!)$ of te/t*re
PRN!PLE:
P"TTERN

The pebb(e$1 )0ere!t
te/t*re$ create a
patter!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: TE%T&RE

It $ho'$ a "eta(
te/t*re
PRN!PLE:
REPETT#N

It ha$ a repeate)
$9*are )e$,!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: TE%T&RE

It $ho'$ a $to!e
te/t*re
PRN!PLE:
M#VEMENT

;eca*$e of t$
)0ere!t $hape$ of
te/t*re# the )e$,!
$ho'$ a "o&e"e!t
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: TE%T&RE

It $ho'$ a $to!e
te/t*re
PRN!PLE:
B"L"N!E

The p(ac!, of
co!crete $ ba(a!ce)
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: TE%T&RE

The path ha$ a
co!crete te/t*re
PRN!PLE:
M#VEMENT

The path create$ a
"o&e"e!t beca*$e
for"$ a c*r&e
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: TE%T&RE

It $ho'$ $ho'$
)0ere!t te/t*re of
'oo)
PRN!PLE:
H"RM#N$

The te/t*re$ are !
har"o!y
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT: TE%T&RE

Each ba(($ ha&e a
te/t*re
PRN!PLE:
V"RET$

The ba(($ ha&e
)0ere!t te/t*re$
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
STR&!T&RE

It $ho'$ a )e$,! of a
'!)o' of a $tr*ct*re
PRN!PLE:
P"TTERN

The )e$,! ha$ a ,r)
pater!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
STR&!T&RE

A )e$,! of e$ca(ator$
PRN!PLE:
REPETT#N

The e$ca(ator$ are
)e$,!e) ! a $a"e
"a!!er
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
STR&!T&RE

A )e$,! of a b*()!,
PRN!PLE:
M#VEMENT

;eca*$e of t$ c*r&e
)e$,! t $ho'$
"o&e"e!t
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
STR&!T&RE

A )e$,! of Tr*$$ of a
roof
PRN!PLE:
B"L"N!E

The Tr*$$ ha$ a
$y""etrca( )e$,!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
STR&!T&RE

A )e$,! of a Tr*$$
PRN!PLE:
DRE!T#N

It $ho'$ a for'ar)
)recto!
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
STR&!T&RE

A )e$,! of a b*()!,
PRN!PLE:
H"RM#N$

The p(a!t$ a!) the
b*()!, create$ a
har"o!y
PI CTURES DESCRI BI NG THE ELEMENTS AND PRI NCI PLE
OF DESI GN...
ELEMENT:
STR&!T&RE

De$,!$ of )0ere!t
$tr*ct*re$
PRN!PLE:
V"RET$

The )0ere!t )e$,!$
of the $tr*ct*re create$
&arety

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