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8_CONCRETE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

8_CONCRETE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

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Slabs should also be investigated for shear, both
beam-type and punching shear. For beam-type
shear, the slab is considered as a thin, wide rectan-
gular beam. The critical section for diagonal ten-
sion should be taken at a distance from the face of
the column or capital equal to the effective depth d
oftheslab.Thecriticalsectionextendsacrossthefull
width b of the slab. Across this section, the nominal
shear stress nu on the unreinforced concrete should
not exceed the ultimate capacity 2

ffiffiffiffi

f0c

p .
Punching shear may occur along several sec-
tions extending completely around the support, for
example, around the face of the column or column
capital or around the drop panel. These critical
sections occur at a distance d/2 from the faces of the
supports, where d is the effective depth of the slab
ordrop panel. Design for punching shear should be
basedonEq.(8.16),withshearstrengthVntakennot
larger than the concrete strength Vc. Vc shall be the
smallest of (a), (b) and (c).

(a)

Vc ¼ 2þ 4
bc

ffiffiffiffi

f0c

p bod

(8:68)

where bo¼perimeter of critical section

Table 8.15 Percent of Positive Design Moment

in Column Strips

Span Ratio l2=l1

a1l2=l1

0.5

1.0

2.0

0

60

60

60

1.0 or more

90

75

45

Concrete Design and Construction n 8.49

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CONCRETE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

bc¼ratio of long side to short side of critical

section

(b)

Vc ¼ asd
bo

þ2

ffiffiffiffi

f0c

p bod

(8:69)

where as¼40 for interior columns, 30 for edge
columns, 20 for corner columns

(c)

Vc24

ffiffiffiffi

f0c

p bod

(8:70)

Shear reinforcement for slabs generally consists
of bent bars and is designed in accordance with the
provisions for beams (Art. 8.20.4), with the shear
strength of the concrete at critical sections taken
as 2

ffiffiffiffi

f0c

p bod at ultimate strength and Vn 6

ffiffiffiffi

f0c

p bod.
Extreme care should be taken to ensure that shear
reinforcement is accurately placed and properly
anchored, especially in thin slabs.
The ACI Code also includes instructions for
design of steel shear heads. Because of the cost of
steel shear-head reinforcement, however, it is pref-
erable to either thicken the slab or design concrete
beams to support heavy loads.

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