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8_CONCRETE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

8_CONCRETE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

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Published by: api-3797737 on Dec 03, 2009
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04/28/2015

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The nominal strength of a member subjected to
combined flexure and axial load must satisfy
equilibrium and compatibility of strains, which are

the same two conditions required for members
subjected to flexure only. Fig. 8.27 depicts the
general condition of strain and stress at nominal
strength for a member subjected to combined
flexure and axial compression.
The nominal axial load strength is computed by
summing forces on the section, while the nominal
flexure strength is obtained by summing moments
about any point on the stress diagram. The forcesin
the reinforcement depend on the corresponding
magnitude of the strains, which are determined
from a strain compatibility analysis.
Once the net tensile strain is determined in the
extreme tension steel for a given combination of
axial load and bending moment,fis determined as
described above. The design axial load strength
and design flexural strength of the section are
obtained by multiplying the nominal axial load
strength and nominal flexural strength by the
strength reduction factor, respectively.
A design axial load-bending moment inter-
action diagram can be constructed for a section in
the same manner as before. The only difference in
using the Unified Design Provisions is that the f-
factors are computed at the various points along
the strength curve as a function of the net tensile
strain in the extreme tensile steel, as shown above.

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