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Section : A Definition, Projectile on a horizontal plane

1. The velocity of a body at the highest point of its path is not zero. If so how it is projected ?
2. In order to project a body for maximum range, what is the condition ?
3. What is the angle between the directions of velocity & acceleraiton at the highest point of a projectile path ?
4. At what point of the projectile path the speed is minimum ?
5. Two bodies are projected at angles u and (90 u) to the horizontal with the same speed. Find the ratio of their
times of flight?
6. In above question find the ratio of the maximum vertical heights ?
7. In the case of a projectile fired at an angle equally inclined to the horizontal and vertical with velocity u, find
the horizontal range?
8. A body is so projected in the air that the horizontal range covered by the body is equal to the vertical height
attained by the body. Find the angle of projection ?
9. What should be the angles of projection to obtain maximum height and maximum time of flight ?
10. A cricketer can throw a ball to a maximum horizontal distance of 100 m How much high should above the
ground can the cricketer thrown the same ball.
11. What are horizontal & vertical components of acceleration of a body thrown horizontally with uniform speed.
12. A bob of mass 0.1 kg hung from the ceiling of a room by a string 2 m long is set into oscillation. The speed
of the bob at its mean position is 1 ms
1
. What is the trajectory of the bob ; if the string is cut
(a) when the bob is at one of its extreme position
(b) at its mean position
13. A projectile can have the same range R for two angles of projections. If t
1
& t
2
be the times of flight in two
cases, then find out relation between t
1
t
2
and R ?
14. The height y and the distance x along the horizontal plane of a projectile on a certain planet (without no
surrounding atmosphere) are given by y = (8t 5t
2
) metere & x = 6t m. Then what will be the velocity of
projection ?
15. Find out the time after which the velocity of the particle becomes perpendicular to the initial velocity.
Section : B Projectile from a tower
16. A glass marble projected horizontal from the top of a table falls at a distance x from the edge of the table. If
h is the height of the table, find the velocity of projection ?
17. A ball is thrown horizontally and at the same time another ball is dropped down from the top of a tower (a) will
both the balls reach the ground at the same time. (b)Will both strike at the ground with same velocity ?
18. Observe the figure carefully & answer the following :
(a) All the particles thrown with same initial velocity would strike the ground with
(same/different) speed at (different/same) time irrespective of their initial di
rection of velocity
(b) Time would be least for particle (1 or 2)
19. A projectile is fired horizontally with a velocity of 98 m/s from the top of a hill 490 m high. Find :
(i) the time taken to reach the ground
(ii) the distance of the target from the hill
(iii) the velocity with which the particle hits the ground
Section : C Equation of trajectory
20. The equation of a projectile is y =
3
x
2
gx
2
find the angle of projection ?
Section : D Projectile from a moving object
21. Consider a boy on a trolley who throws a ball with speed 20 m/s at an angle 37
0
w.r.t. trolley which moves
horizontally with speed 10 m/s.
(a) Find horizontal and vertical components of initial velocity of ball when ball is projected in direction of
motion of trolley.
(b) Find horizontal and vertical components of initial velocity of ball when ball is projected opposite to
direction of motion of trolley
22. Consider a boy on a platform who throws a ball with speed 20 m/s at an angle 37
0
w.r.t. platform which moves
upwards with speed 10 m/s. (a) Find the horizontal and vertical component of balls velocity.
(b) Find horizontal and vertical components of balls velocity when ball is projected downwards from the
platform.
23. A bomb is dropped from an aeroplane flying horizontally with a velocity 469 m s
1
at an altitude of 980 m. Find
the time after which bomb will hit the ground?
24. A bomb is dropped from an aeroplane moving horizontally at a certain height from the ground. Does the time
taken by the bomb to reach the ground depend on the velocity of the aeroplane ?
25. A bomb is released from a horizontal flying bomber when it is vertically above the target, shall it hit the target?
Section : E Projectile on an inclined plane
26. A particle is projected at an angle u with an inclined plane making an angle | with the horizontal as shown
in figure, speed of the particle is u, after time t find :
(a) x component of acceleration ?
(b) y component of acceleration ?
(c) x component of velocity ?
(d) y component of velocity ?
(e) x component of displacement ?
(f) y component of displacement ?
(g) y component of velocity when particle is at maximum distance from the incline plane ?
27. On an inclined plane of inclination 30, a ball is thrown at an angle of 60 with the horizontal from the foot of
the incline with a velocity of 10
3
ms
1
. If g = 10 ms
2
, then find the time in which ball will hit the inclined
plane?
28. A particle is moving eastward with a velocity of 5ms
-1
. In 10second the velocity changes to 5ms
1
northwards.
Find the average acceleration in this time ?
29. A body starts from rest from the origin with an acceleration of 6 ms
2
along the x-axis and 8 ms
2
along the y-
axis. Find the distance from the origin after 4 seconds ?
Section : A Definition, Projectile on a horizontal plane
1. A point mass is projected, making an acute angle with the horizontal. If angle between velocity
v

and
acceleration g

is u, then u is given by
(A) 90 < 0 < 0 (B) u = 90 (C) u = 90 (D) 0 < u < 180
2. Two stones are projected from the same point with same speed making angles 45 + u and 45 u with the
horizontal respectively. If u < 45, then the horizontal ranges of the two stones are in the ratio of
(A) 1 : 1 (B) 1 : 2 (C) 1 : 3 (D) 1 : 4
3. A hunter takes an aim at a monkey sitting an a tree and fires a bullet. Just when the bullet leaves barrel of the
gun, it so happens that the monkey begins to fall freely. The bullet will
(A) go above the monkey
(B) go below the monkey
(C) hit the monkey
(D) may or may not hit the monkey. It will depend upon the velocity of the bullet.
4. It was calculated that a shell when fired form a gun with a certain velocity and at an angle of elevation
36
5t
should strike a given target. In actual practice, it was found that a hill just prevented the trajectory. At what
angle of elevation should the gun be fired to hit the target.
(A)
36
5t
36
11t
36
7t
36
13t
5. A projectile is thrown with a speed v at an angle u with the vertical. Its average velocity between the instants
it crosses half the maximum height is
(A) v sin u, horizontal and in the plane of projection
(B) v cos u, horizontal and in the plane of projection
(C) 2v sin u, horizontal and perpendicular to the plane of projection
(D) 2v cos u, vertical and in the plane of projection.
6. A bullet is fired horizontally from a rifle at a distant target. Ignoring the effect of air resistance, which of the
following is correct?
Horizontal Vertical
Acceleration Acceleration
(A) 10 ms
2
10 ms
2
(B) 10 ms
2
0 ms
2
(C) 0 ms
2
10 ms
2
(D) 0 ms
2
0 ms
2
.
7. If the initial velocity of a projectile be doubled, keeping the angle of projection same, the maximum height
reached by it will
(A) be halved (B) be quadrupled (C) be doubled (D) remain the same.
8. Two bullets are fired horizontally, simultaneously and with different velocities from the same place. Which
bullet will hit the ground earlier?
(A) It would depend upon the weights of the bullets (B) The slower one.
(C) The faster one (D) Both will reach simultaneously.
10. A stone is thrown upwards. It returns to ground describing a parabolic path. Which of the following remains
constant?
(A) speed of the ball (B) kinetic energy of the ball
(C) vertical component of velocity (D) horizontal component of velocity.
Section : B Projectile from a tower
11. A body is thrown horizontally with a velocity gh 2 from the top of a tower of height h. It strikes the level
ground through the foot of the tower at a distance x from the tower. The value of x is
(A) h (B)
2
h
(C) 2h (D)
3
h 2
12. One stone is projected horizontally from a 20 m high cliff with an initial speed of 10 ms
1
. A second stone is
simultaneously dropped from that cliff. Which of the following is true?
(A) Both strike the ground with the same velocity.
(B) The ball with initial speed 10 ms
1
reaches the ground first.
(C) Both the balls hit the ground at the same time.
(D) One cannot say without knowing the height of the building.
Section : C Equation of trajectory
13. A particle, with an initial velocity v
0
in a plane, is subjected to a constant acceleration in the same plane.
Then, in general, the path of the particle could be
(A) a circle (B) a straight line (C) a parabola (D) a hyperbola.
14. A ball is projected from a certain point on the surface of a planet at a certain angle with the horizontal surface.
The horizontal and vertical displacement x and y vary with time t in second as:
x = 10
t 3
and y = 10t t
2
The maximum height attained by the ball is
(A) 100 m (B) 75 m (C) 50 m (D) 25 m.
Section : D Projectile from a moving object
15. A bag is dropped from an aeroplane flying horizontally at a constant speed. If air resistance is ignored, where
will the aeroplane be when the bag hits the ground?
(A) ahead of the bag (B) directly above the bag
(C) far behind the bag (D) data is not sufficient.
16. An aeroplane flying horizontally with a speed of 360 km h
1
releases a bomb at a height of 490 m from the
ground. When will the bomb strike the ground?
(A) 8 s (B) 6 s (C) 7 s (D) 10 s.
17. The path of one projectile in motion as seen from another moving projectile is
(A) a straight line (B) a circle (C) an ellipse (D) a parabola.
Section : E Projectile on an inclined plane
18. A plane surface is inclined making an angle u with the horizontal. From the bottom of this inclined plane, a
bullet is fired with velocity v. The maximum possible range of the bullet on the inclined plane is
(A)
g
v
2
(B)
) sin 1 ( g
v
2
u +
(C)
) sin 1 ( g
v
2
u
(D)
) cos 1 ( g
v
2
u +
19. A ball is projected horizontal with a speed v from the top of a plane inclined at an angle 45 with the
horizontal. How far from the point of projection with the ball strike the plane?
(A)
g
v
2
(B)
2
g
v
2
(C)
g
v 2
2
(D)
2
(
(

g
v 2
2
20. The time of flight of a projectile on an upward inclined plane depends upon
(A) angle of inclination of the plane (B) angle of projection
(C) the value of acceleration due to gravity (D) all of these.
1. A particle moves in the xy plane with only an x-component of acceleration of 2 m s
2
. The particle starts from
the origin at t = 0 with an initial velocity having an x-component of 8 m s
1
and y-component of 15 ms
1
.
Velocity of particle after time t is :
(A) [(8 + 2t)
i

15 j

] m s
1
(B) zero
(C) 2t
i

+ 15 j

(D) directed along z-axis.

2. A ball rolls of the top of a stairway horizontally with a velocity of 4.5 m s
1
. Each step is 0.2 m high and 0.3
m wide. If g is 10 ms
1
, then the ball will strike the nth step where n is equal to
(A) 9 (B) 10 (C) 11 (D) 12.
3. A plane flying horizontally at a height of 1500 m with a velocity of 200 ms
1
passes directly overhead on
antiaircraft gun. Then the angle with the horizontal at which the gun should be fired for the shell with a muzzle
velocity of 400 m s
1
to hit the plane, is
(A) 90 (B) 60 (C) 30 (D) 45
4. The velocity of projection of a projectile is (6
i

+ 8 j

) ms
1.
. The horizontal range of the projectile is
(A) 4.9 m (B) 9.6 m (C) 19.6 m (D) 14 m.
5. A ball is projected from the ground with velocity 25 ms
1
. Two seconds later, ball crosses a wall 5m high.
What is the angle of projection of the stone? (Take g = 10 ms
2
)
(A) 75 (B) 60 (C) 45 (D) 30.
6. A body has an initial velocity of 3 ms
1
and has an acceleration of 1 ms
2
normal to the direction of the initial
velocity. Then its velocity, 4 second after the start is
(A) 7 ms
1
along the direction of initial velocity
(B) 7 ms
1
along the normal to the direction of the initial velocity
(C) 7 ms
1
mid-way between the two directions
(D) 5 ms
1
at an angle of tan
-1
4
3
with the direction of the initial velocity. .
7. If R and h represent the horizontal range and maximum height respectively of an obliquie projectile, then
h 8
R
2
+ 2h represents
(A) maximum horizontal range (B) maximum vertical range
(C) time of flight (D) velocity of projectile at highest point
8. A projectile is thrown with velocity v making an angle u with the horizontal. It just crosses the top of two poles,
each of height h, after 1 second and 3 second respectively. The time of flight of the projectile is
(A) 1 s (B) 3 s (C) 4 s (D) 7.8 s.
9. In the above q. maximum height attained by the projectile is
(A) g (B) 2g (C) 3g (D) 4g
10. In above Q. h is
(A)
2
g
(B) g (C)
2
g 3
(D) 2g.
11. Two tall buildings are 40 m apart. With what speed must a ball be thrown horizontally from a window 145 m
above the ground in one building, so that it will enter a window 22.5 m from the ground in the other?
(A) 5 ms
1
(B) 8 ms
1
(C) 10 ms
1
(D) 16 ms
1
.
12. A particle move along the parabolic path x = y
2
+ 2y + 2 in such a way that the y-component of velocity
vector remain 5m/s during the motion. The magnitude of the accleration of the particle is :
(A) 50 m/s
2
(B) 100 m/s
2
(C) 10
2
m/s
2
(D) 0.1 m/s
2
13. A ball is projected from point A with a velocity 10 m/s perpendicular to the inclined plane as shown in
figure. Range of the ball on the inclined plane is :
(A)
3
40
m (B)
13
20
m (C)
20
13
m (D)
40
13
m
14. A particle is projected from a horizontal plane with 8
2
m/s at an angle. At highest point its velocity
is found to be 8 m/s. Its range will be :
(A) 64 m (B) 12.8 m (C) 128 m (D) 64.4 m
15. A projectile is projected at an angle o (> 45) with an initial velocity u. The time [t] at which its horizontal
component will equal the vertical component :
(A) t =
g
u
( cos o sin o) (B) t =
g
u
( cos o + sin o)
(C) t =
g
u
( sin o cos o) (D) t =
g
u
( sin
2
o cos
2
o)
1. A player kicks a football at an angle of 45 with an initial speed of 20 m/s . A second player on the goal
line 60 m away in the direction of kick starts running to receive the ball at that instant. Find the speed
of the second player with which he should run to catch the ball before it hits the ground.
[g = 10 m/s
2
]
2. If at a point of the parabolic path the velocity be u and the inclination to the horizon be u, at what time
the particle is moving at right angles to its former direction.
3. The direction of motion of a projectile at a certain instant is inclined at an angle o to the horizon. After
t seconds it is inclined an angle | . Find the horizontal component of velocity of projection in terms of
g, t , o and |.
4. A radius vector of a point A relative to the origin varies with time t as
r

=
j

2
t b i

t a
, where a and b
are positive constants and j

and i

are the unit vectors of the x and y axes. Find:

(i) the equation of the points trajectory y (x) ; plot this function
(ii) the time dependence of the velocity v and acceleration a vectors as well as of the moduli of
these quantities .
5. Two particles are projected simultaneously with the same speed V in the same vertical plane with
angles of elevation u and 2 u, where u < 45 . At what time will their velocities be parallel.
6. If 4 seconds be the time in which a projectile reaches a point P of its path and 5 seconds the time from
P till it reaches the horizontal plane through the point of projection . Find the height of P above the
horizontal plane. [ g = 9.8 m/sec
2
]
7. From the top of a tower of height 40 m, a ball is projected upwards with a speed of 20 m/sec at an
angle of 30 to the horizontal. When and at what distance from the foot of the tower does the ball hit the
ground ? What is the speed of the ball at this instant ?
8. A Bomber flying upward at an angle of 53 with the vertical releases a bomb at an altitude of 800 m. The
bomb strikes the ground 20 sec after its release . Find :
(i) the velocity of the bomber at the time of release of the bomb .
(ii) the maximum height attained by the bomb .
(iii) the horizontal distance travelled by the bomb before it strikes the ground
(iv) the velocity (magnitude and direction) of the bomb just when it strikes the ground .
[ G i v e n s i n 5 3 = 0 . 8 ; g = 1 0 m s
2
]
9. A man is travelling on a flat car which is moving up a plane inclined at
cos

u = 4/5 to the horizontal with a speed 5 m/s. He throws a ball towards
a stationary hoop located perpendicular to the incline in such a way that
the ball moves parallel to the slope of the incline while going through the
centre of the hoop. The centre of the hoop is 4 m high from the mans hand
calculate the time taken by the ball to reach the hoop.
Questions for short answers.
10. You are driving directly behind a pickup truck, going at the same speed as the truck. A crate falls from
the bed of the truck to the road. Will your car hit the crate before the crate hits the road if you neither
brake nor swerve?
11. What does
d v
dt

and
dv
dt

represent? Can these be equal? Can:

(a)
d v
dt

= 0 while
dv
dt

= 0 (b)
d v
dt

= 0 while
dv
dt

= 0
12. Is it possible for a body to change the direction of its velocity vector when the body is experiencing
constant acceleration?
13. Is it important in the long jump that how much height you take for jumping?
14. No matter what the initial velocity, the motion of a projectile (neglecting air resistance) is always
confined to a single plane. Why?
1. A ship is approaching a cliff of height 105 m above sea level. A gun fitted on the ship can fire shots with
a speed of 110 ms
1
. Find the maximum distance from the foot of the cliff from where the gun can hit an
object on the top of the cliff. [ g = 10 m/s
2
] [REE 94, 6]
2. Two towers AB and CD are situated a distance d apart as shown in the fig.
AB is 20 m high and CD is 30 m high from the ground. An object of mass m
is thrown from the top of AB horizontally with a velocity of 10 m/s towards CD.
Simultaneously another object of mass 2m is thrown from the top of CD at an
angle of 60 to the horizontal towards AB with the same magnitude of initial
velocity as that of the first object. The two objects move in the same vertical plane, collide in mid air
and stick to each other.
(i) calculate the distance d between the towers.
(ii) find the position where the objects hit the ground. [JEE 94, 6]
3. A building 4.8 m high 2b meters wide has a flat roof. A ball is projected from a point on the horizontal
ground 14.4 m away from the building along its width. If projected with velocity 16 m/s at an angle
of 45 with the ground, the ball hits the roof in the middle, find the width 2b. Also find the angle of
projection so that the ball just crosses the roof if projected with velocity 10 3 m/s. [REE 95, 6]
4. Two guns situated on the top of a hill of height 10 m, each fired shots with the same speed 5 3 m/s
at some interval of time. One gun fires horizontally and other fires upwards at an angle of 60 with the
horizontal. The shot collide in air at a point P. Find:
(i) the time interval between the firings and
(ii) the coordinates of the point P.
Take origin of the coordinate system at the foot of the hill right below the muzzle and trajectories in
x-y plane. [JEE 96, 5]
5. A vertical pole has a red mark at some height. A stone is projected from a fixed point on the ground.
When projected at an angle of 45 it hits the pole orthogonally 1 m above the mark. When projected
with a different velocity at an angle of tan
1
(3/4), it hits the pole orthogonally 1.5m below the mark. Find
the velocity and angle of projection so that it hits the mark orthogonally to the pole. [ g = 10 m/sec
2
]
[REE 96, 6 ]
6. The trajectory of a projectile in a vertical plane is y = ax bx
2
, where a, b are constants and x and y are
respectively the horizontal and vertical distances of the projectile from the point of projection. The
maximum height attained is _______ and the angle of projection from the horizontal is _______.
[JEE 97, 2]
7. The coordinates of a particle moving in a plane are given by x (t) = a cos (p t) and
y (t) = b sin (p t), where a, b (< a) and p are positive constants of appropriate dimensions.
(A) the path of the particle is an ellipse
(B) the velocity and acceleration of the particle are normal to each other at t = t/2p
(C) the acceleration of the particle is always directed towards a focus
(D) the distance travelled by the particle in time interval t = 0 to = t/2p is a. [JEE 99, 2]
8. An object A is kept fixed at the point x = 3 m and y = 1.25 m on a plank
P raised above the ground. At time t = 0 the plank starts moving along the
+ x direction with an acceleration 1.5 m/s
2
. At the same instant a stone is
projected from the origin with a velocity u as shown. A stationary person
on the ground observes the stone hitting the object during its downward
motion at an angle of 45 to the horizontal. All the motions are in x-y
plane. Find u and the time after which the stone hits the object. [ Take g
= 10 m/s
2
]
[JEE 2000, 5]
9. Shots fired simultaneously from the top and foot of a vertical cliff at elevations of 30
0
and 60
0
respectively,
strike an object simultaneously which is at a height of 100 meters from the ground and at a horizontal
distance of 200 3 meters from the cliff. Find the height of the cliff, the velocities of projection of the
shots and the time taken by the shots to hit the object. [ REE 2000, 5 ]
Exercise - 1
1. It is projected at an angle other than 90 with the
horizontal
2. Angle of projection = 45
0
. 3. 90
0
.
4. At the highest point.
5. sin u : cos u 6. sin
2
u : cos
2
u
7.
g
u
2
8. tanu = 4.
9. (a) u = 90
0
, (b) u = 90
0
.10. 50 m
11. (a) 0, (b) g
12. (a) vertically downwards (b) parabolic path
13. t
1
t
2
= 2R/g
14. 10 m/s 15.
3
4
16. x
h 2
g
17. (a) yes (b) no
18. (a) same, different (b) 1
19. (i) 10 sec. (ii) 980 m (iii) 138.59 m/s
20. tan u =
3
21. (a) 26, 12 (b) 6, 12
22. (a) 16, 22 (b) 16, 2
23. 10
2
s 24. No
25. No
26. (a) g sin|, (b) g cos|, (c) u cosu g sin| t,
(d) u sinu gcos| t,
(e) u cosu t
2
1
g sin| t
2
, (f) u sinu t
2
1
g
cos| t
2
, (g) zero.
27. 2 s
28.
2
1
ms
2
towards north-west 29. 80 m
EXERCISE-2
1. D 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. A 6. C
7. D 8. D 10. D 11. C 12. C 13. C
14. D 15. B 16. D 17. A 18. B 19. D
20. D
Exercise-3
1. A 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. D 6. D
7. A 8. C 9. B 10. C 11. B 12. A
13. A 14. B 15. C
Exercise-4
1. 5 2 m/s 2. (u/g) cosec u .
3.
| o tan tan
gt
4. (i) y =
bx
a
2
2
(ii)

v =
a i bt j

2
,

c = 2 b

j
,

v =
a b t
2 2 2
4 +
,

c = 2 b
5.
|

\
u
|

\
u
2
3
ec cos
2
cos
g
v
6. 98 meters
7. 4 s, 40
3
m, 20
3
m/s
8. (i) 100 m/s (ii) 980 m (iii) 1600 m
(iv) u = tan
-1
(7/4) = 60 15,
v = 20
65
=161.245 m/s
9. 1 s
Exercise-5
1. 1100 m
2. (i) 17.32 m
(ii) combined mass strikes at 11.55 m from B
and 5.77 m from D
3. width of the roof is 9.6 m; u = tan
1
|

2
3
4. (i) 1 s (ii) (
5 , 3 5
)
5.
3
3620
m/s , tan
1
|

10
9
6.
b 4
a
2
, tan
1
a 7. A, B
8. u = 7.29 m/s, t = 1 s.
9. 400 m, V
T
= 40
3
m/s, V
F
= 40 m/s, T = 10 s.