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TONGCO, Anna Margarita P.

2009 - 29398
ANION 6M H2SO4
HCl + K3Fe(CN)6
+ FeCl3
MnCl2
+12M HCl
3M HOAc +
Ca/Ba
3M HNO3 +
AgNO3 AgNO3 Confirmatory
S
2-

colorless,
rotten egg
Prussian blue
complex X X X dark brown ppt 6M H2SO4 rotten egg smell
SO3
2-

colorless,
burnt rubber
Prussian blue
complex X X X white ppt
BaCl2 + H2O + 6M HCl
white residue
S2O3
2-
milky yellow ppt
Prussian blue
complex X X X
6M H2SO4
rubber smell, milky yellow ppt
SO4
2-
X X X
(+Ba
2+
)
white ppt X 3M HCl + BaCl2 white ppt
CH3COO
-
colorless, vinegar X X X X
18M H2SO4 + ethyl alcohol
fruity odor
CO3
2-

odorless,
effervescence X X X X light yellow ppt BaCl2 + 3M HOAc effervescence
C2O4
2-

colorless,
odorless
Prussian blue
complex X
(+Ca
2+
)
white ppt X
3M HOAc + H2O bath + CaCl2
white ppt
CNS
-
X
Prussian blue
complex X X ppt FeCl3 blood-red complex
PO4
3-

colorless,
odorless X X
(+Ba
2+
+
NH3) ppt X bright yellow ppt magnesia mix white ppt
CrO4
2-
yellow orange X
brown
complex
(+Ba
2+
)
yellow ppt X
3M HOAc + H2O bath + BaCl2
yellow ppt
I
-
X
Prussian blue
complex X X ppt
3M HNO3 + FeCl3 + baby oil
pink oil layer
Br
-
X
Prussian blue
complex X X ppt
KMnO4 + 3M HNO3 + baby oil
yellow oil layer
Cl
-
X X X X ppt white ppt AgNO3 + NH3 + HNO3 white ppt
NO2
-
brown gas
Prussian blue
complex
brown
complex X X 6M H2SO4 + FeSO4 brown color
NO3
-
X X
brown
complex X X
6M H2SO4 + FeSO4 + 18M H2SO4
brown ring

QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS: ANIONS