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Le Quy Don specialized high school

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Cu 1: ha tan hon ton 2,32 gam hn hp FeO, Fe 3O4 v Fe2O3 (trong s mol FeO bng s mol
Fe2O3), cn dng va V lt dung dch HCl 1M. Gi tr ca V l
A. 0,08.
B. 0,16.
C. 0,18.
D. 0,23.
Cu 2: Cho 11,36 gam hn hp gm Fe, FeO, Fe2O3 v Fe3O4 phn ng ht vi dung dch HNO3 long
(d), thu c 1,344 lt kh NO (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch X. C cn dung dch X thu
c m gam mui khan. Gi tr ca m l
A. 49,09.
B. 38,72.
C. 35,50.
D. 34,36.
Cu 3: Oxi ha chm m gam Fe ngoi khng kh thu c 12 gam hn hp X gm FeO, Fe 3O4, Fe2O3 v
Fe d. Ha tan hon ton X trong HNO3 thu c 2,24 lt NO (cht kh duy nht, o ktc). Gi tr ca
m l
A. 7,57.
B. 7,75.
C. 10,08.
D. 10,80.
Cu 4: t chy 6,72 gam bt Fe trong khng kh thu c m gam hn hp X gm FeO, Fe 3O4, Fe2O3 v
Fe d. ha tan X cn dng va ht 255ml dung dch cha HNO3 2M, thu c V lt kh NO2 (sn phm
kh duy nht,o ktc). Gi tr ca m, V ln lt l:
A. 8,4 v 3,360.
B. 8,4 v 5,712.
C. 10,08 v 3,360.
D. 10,08 v 5,712.
Cu 5: Hn hp X gm Mg, MgS v S. Ha tan hon ton m gam X trong HNO 3 c, nng thu c
2,912 lt kh N2 duy nht (ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm Ba(OH) 2 d vo Y c 46,55 gam kt ta. Gi tr
ca m l
A. 4,8.
B. 7,2.
C. 9,6.
D. 12,0.
Cu 6: Cho 18,5 gam hn hp gm Fe v Fe3O4 vo 200ml HNO3 un nng. Sau phn ng thu c 2,24
lt kh NO duy nht (ktc), dung dch X v cn li 1,46 gam kim loi cha tan. Nng mol ca dung
dch HNO3 dng l
A. 2,7M.
B. 3,2.M.
C. 3,5M.
D. 2,9M.
Cu 7: Ha tan hon ton m gam hn hp X gm Fe, FeCl 2, FeCl3 trong H2SO4 c nng, thot ra 4,48 lt
kh SO2 (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm NH 3 d vo Y thu c 32,1 gam kt ta.
Gi tr m l
A. 16,8.
B. 17,75.
C. 25,675.
D. 34,55.
Cu 8: Ha tan hon ton 34,8 gam moojy oxit st bng FexOy bng dung dch H2SO4 c, nng. Sau phn
ng thu c 1,68 lt kh SO2 (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch X. Cng thc ca oxit v
khi lng mui c trong dung dch X ln lt l:
A. FeO v 180 gam.
B. Fe3O4 v 90 gam.
C. FeO v 90 gam.
D. Fe3O4 v 180 gam.
Cu 9: Ha tan hon ton 25,6 gam cht rn X gm Fe, FeS, FeS 2 v S bng dung dch HNO3 d, thot ra
V lt kh NO (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm Ba(OH) 2 d vo Y thu c 126,25
gam kt ta. Gi tr ca V l
A. 17,92.
B. 19,04.
C. 24,64.
D. 27,58.
Cu 10: Cho hn hp X gm FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4 vi s mol bng nhau. Ly a gam X cho phn ng vi
CO nung nng, sau phn ng trong bnh cn li 16,8 gam hn hp rn Y. Ha tan hon ton Y trong
H2SO4 c, nng thu c 3,36 lt kh SO2 duy nht (ktc). Gi tr ca a v s mol H2SO4 phn ng ln
lt l:
A. 19,20 v 0,87.
B. 19,20 v 0,51.
C. 18,56 v 0,87.
D. 18,56 v 0,51.
Cu 11: Hn hp X c t khi so vi H2 l 27,8 gm butan, metylxiclopropan,but-2-2n, etylaxentilen v
ivinyl. Khi t chy hon ton 0,15 mol X, tng khi lng ca CO2 v H2O thu c l
A. 34,50 gam.
B. 16,17 gam.
C. 7,92 gam.
D. 11,79 gam.
Cu 12: Ha tan hon ton 14,52 gam hn hp X gm NaHCO3, KHCO3 v MgCO3 bng dung dch
HCl d, thu c 3,36 lt CO2 (ktc). Khi lng mui KCl to thnh trong dung dch sau phn ng l
A. 8,94 gam. B. 16,17 gam.
C. 7,92 gam.
D. 11,79 gam.

Teacher: Ngo Thi Ngoc Mai

Le Quy Don specialized high school

Cu 13: Cho 13,92 gam hn hp X gm Cu v mt oxit st vo dung dch HNO 3 long d thu c 2,688
lt kh NO (sn phm kh duy nht, o ktc). C cn dung dch sau phn ng thu c 42,72 gam mui
khan. Cng thc ca oxit st l
A. FeO.
B. Fe3O4.
C. Fe2O3.
D. Fe3O4 hoc FeO.
Cu 14: Cho 9,12 gam hn hp gm FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4 tc dng vi dung dch HCl (d). Sauk hi cc
phn ng xy ra hon ton, c dung dch Y; c cn Y thu c 7,62 gam FeCl 2 v m gam FeCl3. Gi tr
ca m l
A. 4,875.
B. 9,60.
C. 9,75.
D. 4,80.
Cu 15: Ha tan hon ton 2,9 gam hn hp gm kim loi M v oxit ca n vo nc, thu c 500ml
dung dch cha mt cht tan c nng 0,04M v 0,224 lt kh H2 ( ktc). Kim loi M l
A. Ca.
B. Ba.
C. K.
D. Na.
Cu 16: Cho m gam hn hp X gm FeO, Fe 2O3, Fe3O4 vo mt lng va dung dch HCl 2M, thu
c dung dch Y c t l s mol Fe 2+ v Fe3+ l 1 : 2. Chia Y thnh hai phn bng nhau. C cn phn mt
thu c m1 gam mui khan. Sc kh clo (d) vo phn hai, c cn dung dch sau phn ng thu c m 2
gam mui khan. Bit m2 m1 = 0,71. Th tch dung dch HCl dng l
A. 240ml.
B. 80ml.
C. 320ml.
D. 160ml.
Cu 17: Nung m gam bt st trong oxi, thu c 3,0 gam hn hp cht rn X. Ha tan ht hn hp X
trong dung dch HNO3 (d), thot ra 0,56 lt ( ktc) NO (l sn phm kh duy nht ). Gi tr ca m l
A. 2,52.
B. 2,22.
C. 2,62.
D. 2,32.
Cu 18: Ha tan hon ton 30,4 gam rn X gm Cu, CuS, Cu 2S v S bng HNO3 d, thot ra 20,16 lt kh
NO duy nht (ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm Ba(OH)2 d vo Y thu c m gam kt ta. Gi tr ca m l
A. 81,55.
B. 104,20.
C. 110,95.
D. 115,85.
Cu 19: Hn hp X c t khi so vi H2 l 21.2 gm propan, propen v propin. Khi t chy hon ton
0,1 mol X, tng khi lng ca CO2 v H2O thu c l
A. 18,60 gam.
B. 18,96 gam.
C. 19,32 gam.
D. 20,40 gam.
Cu 20: Nung m gam bt Cu trong oxi thu c 24,8 gam hn hp cht rn X gm Cu, CuO v Cu 2O.
Ha tan hon ton X trong H2SO4 c nng thot ra 4,48 lt kh SO2 duy nht (ktc). Gi tr ca m l
A. 9,6.
B. 14,72.
C. 21,12.
D. 22,4.
Cu 21: Trn 5,6 gam bt st vi 2,4 gam bt lu hunh ri un nng (trong iu kin khng c khng
kh) thu c hn hp rn M. Cho M tc dng vi lng d dung dch HCl thy gii phng hn hp kh X
v cn li mt phn khng tan Y. t chy hon ton X v Y cn va V lt kh oxi (ktc). Gi tr ca
V l
A. 2,8.
B. 3,36.
C. 4,48.
D. 3,08.
Cu 22: Khi t chy hon ton mt polime X (to thnh t phn ng ng trng hp gia buta-1,3-ien
v acrilo nitrin) vi lng oxi va , sau phn ng thu c hn hp kh nng , p sut xc nh
cha 59,091% CO2 v th tch. T l s mol buta-1,3-ddien v acrilo nitrin l
A.

3
.
5

B.

3
.
3

C.

1
.
3

D.

3
.
2

Cu 23: Ha tan hon ton 20,88 gam mt oxit st bng dung dch H 2SO4 c, nng thu c dung dch
X v 3,248 lt kh SO2 (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc). C cn dung dch X, thu c m gam mui sunfat
khan. Gi tr ca m l
A. 52,2.
B. 48,4.
C. 54,0.
D. 58,0.
------------------ HT ----------------

Teacher: Ngo Thi Ngoc Mai

Le Quy Don specialized high school

PHNG PHP: CC DNG QUY I


Cu 1: ha tan hon ton 2,32 gam hn hp FeO, Fe 3O4 v Fe2O3 (trong s mol FeO bng s mol
Fe2O3), cn dng va V lt dung dch HCl 1M. Gi tr ca V l
A. 0,08.
B. 0,16.
C. 0,18.
D. 0,23.
Cu 2: Cho 11,36 gam hn hp gm Fe, FeO, Fe2O3 v Fe3O4 phn ng ht vi dung dch HNO3 long
(d), thu c 1,344 lt kh NO (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch X. C cn dung dch X thu
c m gam mui khan. Gi tr ca m l
A. 49,09.
B. 38,72.
C. 35,50.
D. 34,36.
Cu 3: Oxi ha chm m gam Fe ngoi khng kh thu c 12 gam hn hp X gm FeO, Fe 3O4, Fe2O3 v
Fe d. Ha tan hon ton X trong HNO3 thu c 2,24 lt NO (cht kh duy nht, o ktc). Gi tr ca
m l
A. 7,57.
B. 7,75.
C. 10,08.
D. 10,80.
Cu 4: t chy 6,72 gam bt Fe trong khng kh thu c m gam hn hp X gm FeO, Fe 3O4, Fe2O3 v
Fe d. ha tan X cn dng va ht 255ml dung dch cha HNO3 2M, thu c V lt kh NO2 (sn phm
kh duy nht,o ktc). Gi tr ca m, V ln lt l:
A. 8,4 v 3,360.
B. 8,4 v 5,712.
C. 10,08 v 3,360.
D. 10,08 v 5,712.
Cu 5: Hn hp X gm Mg, MgS v S. Ha tan hon ton m gam X trong HNO 3 c, nng thu c
2,912 lt kh N2 duy nht (ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm Ba(OH) 2 d vo Y c 46,55 gam kt ta. Gi tr
ca m l
A. 4,8.
B. 7,2.
C. 9,6.
D. 12,0.
Cu 6: Cho 18,5 gam hn hp gm Fe v Fe3O4 vo 200ml HNO3 un nng. Sau phn ng thu c 2,24
lt kh NO duy nht (ktc), dung dch X v cn li 1,46 gam kim loi cha tan. Nng mol ca dung
dch HNO3 dng l
A. 2,7M.
B. 3,2.M.
C. 3,5M.
D. 2,9M.
Cu 7: Ha tan hon ton m gam hn hp X gm Fe, FeCl 2, FeCl3 trong H2SO4 c nng, thot ra 4,48 lt
kh SO2 (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm NH 3 d vo Y thu c 32,1 gam kt ta.
Gi tr m l
A. 16,8.
B. 17,75.
C. 25,675.
D. 34,55.
Cu 8: Ha tan hon ton 34,8 gam moojy oxit st bng FexOy bng dung dch H2SO4 c, nng. Sau phn
ng thu c 1,68 lt kh SO2 (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch X. Cng thc ca oxit v
khi lng mui c trong dung dch X ln lt l:
A. FeO v 180 gam.
B. Fe3O4 v 90 gam.
C. FeO v 90 gam.
D. Fe3O4 v 180 gam.
Cu 9: Ha tan hon ton 25,6 gam cht rn X gm Fe, FeS, FeS 2 v S bng dung dch HNO3 d, thot ra
V lt kh NO (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm Ba(OH) 2 d vo Y thu c 126,25
gam kt ta. Gi tr ca V l
A. 17,92.
B. 19,04.
C. 24,64.
D. 27,58.
Cu 10: Cho hn hp X gm FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4 vi s mol bng nhau. Ly a gam X cho phn ng vi
CO nung nng, sau phn ng trong bnh cn li 16,8 gam hn hp rn Y. Ha tan hon ton Y trong
H2SO4 c, nng thu c 3,36 lt kh SO2 duy nht (ktc). Gi tr ca a v s mol H2SO4 phn ng ln
lt l:
A. 19,20 v 0,87.
B. 19,20 v 0,51.
C. 18,56 v 0,87.
D. 18,56 v 0,51.
Cu 11: Hn hp X c t khi so vi H2 l 27,8 gm butan, metylxiclopropan,but-2-2n, etylaxentilen v
ivinyl. Khi t chy hon ton 0,15 mol X, tng khi lng ca CO2 v H2O thu c l
A. 34,50 gam.
B. 16,17 gam.
C. 7,92 gam.
D. 11,79 gam.
Cu 12: Ha tan hon ton 14,52 gam hn hp X gm NaHCO3, KHCO3 v MgCO3 bng dung dch
HCl d, thu c 3,36 lt CO2 (ktc). Khi lng mui KCl to thnh trong dung dch sau phn ng l
A. 8,94 gam. B. 16,17 gam.
C. 7,92 gam.
D. 11,79 gam.

Teacher: Ngo Thi Ngoc Mai

Le Quy Don specialized high school

Cu 13: Cho 13,92 gam hn hp X gm Cu v mt oxit st vo dung dch HNO 3 long d thu c 2,688
lt kh NO (sn phm kh duy nht, o ktc). C cn dung dch sau phn ng thu c 42,72 gam mui
khan. Cng thc ca oxit st l
A. FeO.
B. Fe3O4.
C. Fe2O3.
D. Fe3O4 hoc FeO.
Cu 14: Cho 9,12 gam hn hp gm FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4 tc dng vi dung dch HCl (d). Sauk hi cc
phn ng xy ra hon ton, c dung dch Y; c cn Y thu c 7,62 gam FeCl 2 v m gam FeCl3. Gi tr
ca m l
A. 4,875.
B. 9,60.
C. 9,75.
D. 4,80.
Cu 15: Ha tan hon ton 2,9 gam hn hp gm kim loi M v oxit ca n vo nc, thu c 500ml
dung dch cha mt cht tan c nng 0,04M v 0,224 lt kh H2 ( ktc). Kim loi M l
A. Ca.
B. Ba.
C. K.
D. Na.
Cu 16: Cho m gam hn hp X gm FeO, Fe 2O3, Fe3O4 vo mt lng va dung dch HCl 2M, thu
c dung dch Y c t l s mol Fe 2+ v Fe3+ l 1 : 2. Chia Y thnh hai phn bng nhau. C cn phn mt
thu c m1 gam mui khan. Sc kh clo (d) vo phn hai, c cn dung dch sau phn ng thu c m 2
gam mui khan. Bit m2 m1 = 0,71. Th tch dung dch HCl dng l
A. 240ml.
B. 80ml.
C. 320ml.
D. 160ml.
Cu 17: Nung m gam bt st trong oxi, thu c 3,0 gam hn hp cht rn X. Ha tan ht hn hp X
trong dung dch HNO3 (d), thot ra 0,56 lt ( ktc) NO (l sn phm kh duy nht ). Gi tr ca m l
A. 2,52.
B. 2,22.
C. 2,62.
D. 2,32.
Cu 18: Ha tan hon ton 30,4 gam rn X gm Cu, CuS, Cu 2S v S bng HNO3 d, thot ra 20,16 lt kh
NO duy nht (ktc) v dung dch Y. Thm Ba(OH)2 d vo Y thu c m gam kt ta. Gi tr ca m l
A. 81,55.
B. 104,20.
C. 110,95.
D. 115,85.
Cu 19: Hn hp X c t khi so vi H2 l 21.2 gm propan, propen v propin. Khi t chy hon ton
0,1 mol X, tng khi lng ca CO2 v H2O thu c l
A. 18,60 gam.
B. 18,96 gam.
C. 19,32 gam.
D. 20,40 gam.
Cu 20: Nung m gam bt Cu trong oxi thu c 24,8 gam hn hp cht rn X gm Cu, CuO v Cu 2O.
Ha tan hon ton X trong H2SO4 c nng thot ra 4,48 lt kh SO2 duy nht (ktc). Gi tr ca m l
A. 9,6.
B. 14,72.
C. 21,12.
D. 22,4.
Cu 21: Trn 5,6 gam bt st vi 2,4 gam bt lu hunh ri un nng (trong iu kin khng c khng
kh) thu c hn hp rn M. Cho M tc dng vi lng d dung dch HCl thy gii phng hn hp kh X
v cn li mt phn khng tan Y. t chy hon ton X v Y cn va V lt kh oxi (ktc). Gi tr ca
V l
A. 2,8.
B. 3,36.
C. 4,48.
D. 3,08.
Cu 22: Khi t chy hon ton mt polime X (to thnh t phn ng ng trng hp gia buta-1,3-ien
v acrilo nitrin) vi lng oxi va , sau phn ng thu c hn hp kh nng , p sut xc nh
cha 59,091% CO2 v th tch. T l s mol buta-1,3-ddien v acrilo nitrin l
A.

3
.
5

B.

3
.
3

C.

1
.
3

D.

3
.
2

Cu 23: Ha tan hon ton 20,88 gam mt oxit st bng dung dch H 2SO4 c, nng thu c dung dch
X v 3,248 lt kh SO2 (sn phm kh duy nht, ktc). C cn dung dch X, thu c m gam mui sunfat
khan. Gi tr ca m l
A. 52,2.
B. 48,4.
C. 54,0.
D. 58,0.
------------------ HT ----------------

Teacher: Ngo Thi Ngoc Mai