You are on page 1of 26

Bearing Types

History of Inventions of
Rolling Element Bearings
Primary Function of Bearings
Transmit loads
Reduce Friction
Secondary roles
Support the shaft
Locate the shaft
Bearing Loads
How did a bearing evolve ?
* Invention of wheel
* Wheel rotates on axle
* Wear Plate + Rollers
* Inner ring + Outer ring
+ Rollers
* With introduction of
cage Rolling Bearing
was created
Roller and Ball Raceway Contact
Types of Rolling Elements
Spherical roller
(asymmetrical)
Spherical roller
(symmetrical)
Ball
Taper roller
Needle roller
Cylindrical roller
Bearing Components
(Deep Groove Ball Bearing)
Seal Rolling Elements Inner Ring
Outer ring Cage Seal
Characteristics
Deep groove
ball bearing
Angular
contact
ball bearing
Self-aligning
ball bearing
Ball bearings
Point Contact :

* Less area of contact
* Less friction
* More speed
* Less load
Cylindrical
roller
bearing
Taper
roller
bearing
Needle
roller
bearing
Spherical
roller
bearing
Roller bearings
Line Contact :

* More area of contact
* More friction
* Less speed
* More load
Bearing Loads
Radial rolling bearings
Deep groove
ball bearing
Angular
contact
ball bearing
Self-aligning
ball bearing
Cylindrical
roller
bearing
Taper
roller
bearing
Needle
roller
bearing
Spherical
roller
bearing
Ball bearings Roller bearings
Radial rolling bearings
Thrust
ball bearing
Ball bearings Roller bearings
Thrust bearings
Angular
Contact
Ball Thrust
bearing
Taper
Roller
Thrust
bearing
Spherical
Roller
Thrust
bearing
Cylindrical
/ Needle
Roller
Thrust
bearing
Bore
Bore surface
O.D. surface
O.D.
Bearing Terminology
Inner ring raceway
Side faces
Inner ring land
Outer ring raceway
Outer ring land
Bearing Terminology
Ball and Roller Bearing Ranges
Deep groove
Ball bearings Roller bearings
+
Angular
contact
Self-aligning Cylindrical Taper Needle
Spherical
Load Capabilities
Load carrying capacity
is expressed as the basic
dynamic load rating
Relative Speed Limitations
Grease lubrication
speed rating
Oil lubrication
speed rating
r/min
Bearing Contact Angle
Single Cylindrical Angular Taper Spherical
Row Roller Contact Roller Roller
Radial Loads Combined Loads

Bearing Components
Outer Ring
Inner Ring
Cage
Rolling Element
Closures: Shields
Non-Contact Seal
RZ
Land Riding Lip Seal
RS1
Rolling Bearings are Precision
Products
1
How much is a ?
A
human
hair
0,06 mm
Standard
High precision
bearing
Precision
bearing
Normal
P6 P6
SP
P4A
UP
PA9A
PA9B
Tolerance
classes
0/-15 m
0/-12 m
0/-9 m
0/-7 m
0/-2,5 m
Precision Classes
Precision classes: US vis-a-vis Europe

ABEC ISO
1 Normal
3 P6
5 P5
7 P4
9 P9
Generally, use bearings no more than one
precision class better than the precision of the
mating components
Extra precision has no benefit if applied to poorly
made mating components
Radial
clearance
Axial
clearance
Internal Clearances
Bearing Basics
C1 - Less than C2 clearance
C2 - less than normal clearance (CN, C0) -
normal clearance (not generally
marked)
C3 - greater than normal clearance
(standard)
C4 - greater than C3 clearance
C5 - greater than C4 clearance
Example:
A 6210 /C3 Ball bearing has from 18 - 36
m (microns) or 0.0007 - 0.0014 Radial
Internal Clearance