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ELECTRONIC STABILITY

CONTROL
BY-
SHRADDHA SANGOLE

INTRODUCTION
Use of ABS and TCS
Bosch, Mercedes-Benz, BMW
Use of high-tech sensors
Computerized technology that improves the safety
Critical situations
Need
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
Improve vehicle stability
Support driver
Improve handling behavior
Reduce vehicle spin
Consumer benefits
ELECTRONIC STABILITY CONTROL
Direct extension of ABS and TCS
It goes by many names
Understeer and oversteer
ABS- prevents locking of wheels
TCS is exactly opposite



COMPONENTS OF STABILITY CONTROL SYSTEM
WHEEL SPEED SENSOR STEERING WHEEL ANGLE SENSOR
YAW RATE SENSOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT
MECHANISM OF STABILITY CONTROL
Basically two mechanisms:
ABS
TCS
ANTILOCK BRAKING SYSTEM
Allows the wheel to maintain tractive contact
Decreases and increases stopping distance
Also known as CAB
Inclusions of ABS- ECU, speed sensor, valves, pump, steering
wheel sensor
Cornering brake control (CBC)


Mechanism of ABS:
TRACTION CONTROL SYSTEM

Also known as ASR
Secondary function of ABS
Prevents loss of traction
Shares electro hydraulic brake actuator and wheel speed
sensor, ABS ECU

Mechanism of TCS:
Use of traction control
In road cars
In race cars

COMBINATION OF TRC AND ABS IN STABILITY
CONTROL

TRC,ABS- a system of electronic control
Engine torque control in ESC
Engine torque and brake control- rear wheel drive




ALGORITHM


Effectiveness of ESC
Highly effective
NHTSA studies in 2004
NHTSA concluded
ESC reduces crashes by 35%
SUVs with ESC involved 67% less than without ESC


IIHS June 2006 studies 10,000 fatal accidents can be
avoided
Studies show that-
Reduces crashes by 43%
Fatal single-vehicle crashes by 56%
Fatal single-vehicle rollovers by 77-80%

COMPARISON OF ESC EQUIPPED CARS WITH
CONVENTIONAL CARS
Expands functionality
Passenger safety increased
Without ESC and with ESC
Understeering and oversteering
Safety/cost ratio
Market demand

FUTURE SCOPE
Market demand
Customer request
Increase driving safety
Car stability in road traffic
NHTSA
CONCLUSION
Increase in cost of cars
Market expansion
Contributes to drive safely


THANK YOU !