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Malthusian Growth Model

P(t) = P
0
e
rt
where
P = Population
P
0
= Inital Population

r = growth rate (Malthusian Parameter)

t = time


Using Theorem 5.6.1 in TC7, we can derive this
equation.


Deriving the Malthusian Growth Model
Let
P = Population
P
0
= Initial Population
r = rate
t = time
We assume that P (0) = P
0
> 0

when t = 0 and r is
constant.
Thus, the differential equation is:
dP/dt = rP
Deriving the Malthusian Growth Model
Separating variables, we get:
dP/P = r dt
By integrating this equation, we obtain:

- dP/P = r dt
- ln |P| = rt + c *
* 1/u du = ln u + C [Theorem 5.3.2 (TC7)]
- |P| = e
rt + c
- |P| = e
c
. e
rt


Deriving the Malthusian Growth Model
Letting e
c
= P we have |P| = Ce
rt
, and
because P is positive we can omit the absolute-
value bars, thereby giving
P = Ce
rt
Because P = P
0
when t = 0, we obtain C = P
0
.
Thus,
P= P
0
e
rt


Source: The Calculus 7 by Louis Leithold, p. 441,
478.


Graph of Malthusian Growth Rate

Intrinsic Growth Rate
How much a population can grow between
successive time periods.
Often estimated with production models and
plays an important role in evaluating the
sustainability of different harvest levels and the
capacity to recover after depletion
Source:
http://www.fishbase.org/glossary/Glossary.php
?q=intrinsic%20growth%20rate
Carrying Capacity
The carrying capacity of a biological species in
an environment is the population size of the
species that the environment can sustain
indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water and
other necessities available in the environment.
In population biology, carrying capacity is
defined as the environment's maximal load.
Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrying_capacity