You are on page 1of 15

DEFINITION

IT IS THE ESCAPE OF BLOOD
FROM THE BLOOD
VESSEL(artery, vein) OR
CAPILLARIES.
TYPES
AS PER VISIBILITY
1. EXTERNAL BLEEDING
2. INTERNAL BLEEDING
BLEEDING FROM GUMS
• REASSURE THE
CASUALITY.
• RINSE THE MOUTH
WITH COLD WATER.
• PLACE A THICK
COTTON WOOLBALL
IN THE SOCKET AND
ASK HIM TO BITE
ON IT.
• SEND FOR DENTIST
OPINION.
BLEEDING FROM PALM
REASSURANCE
GRASP THE WRIST WITH
YOUR HAND TIGHTLY FOR
10-15min.

PUT A SUITABLE PAD OVER
THE WOUND CLOSE THE
FINGERS OVER IT AND
BANDAGE UPTO THE WRIST.
SUPPORT THE LIMB IN
TRIANGULAR SLING

SEEK MEDICAL HELP.
SCALP BLEEDING
• DO NOT PROBE THE WOUND.
• APPLY LARGE PAD OR BANDAGE.
• REASSURANCE.
BLEEDING FROM NOSE(EPISTAXIS)
► REASSURANCE
► PINCH THE SOFT PART OF THE
NOSTRILS FIRMLY
► SEAT THE CASUALITY WITH THE
HEAD SLIGHTLY BENT FORWARD.
► ASK HIM TO BREATHE THROUGH
THE MOUTH.
► LOOSEN CLOTHINGS AT THE
NECK.
► APPLY COLD COMPRES TO THE
BRIDGE OF THE NOSE FOR 10 MIN
► ASK PT NOT TO BLOW THE NOSE.

► ADVISE HIM TO SEEK MEDICAL
HELP.
CONTROL OF BLEEDING
1. DIRECT PRESSURE


2. INDIRECT PRESSURE
PRESSURE POINT
A POINT WHERE AN ARTERY CAN
BE PRESSED AGAINST THE
UNDERLYING BONE TO STOP THE
BLOOD FLOW BEYOND THAT
POINT.
IMPORTANT PRESSURE
POINTS IN THE BODY
CAROTID PRESSURE POINT

SUBCLAVIAN PRESSURE POINT

BRACHIAL PRESSURE POINT

RADIAL OR ULNAR PRESSURE POINT

FEMORAL PRESSURE POINT
Pressure points
ARRESTING HAEMORRHAGE IN
SPECIAL CASES
• FOR A WOUND OF SCALP—COMPRESS
TEMPORAL ARTERY
• LOWER ARM—BRACHIAL ARTERY AT
ANTECUBITAL FOSSA.
• LOWER LEG—POPLITEAL ARTERY BEHIND
KNEE
• THIGH WOUND—FEMORAL ARTERY AGAINST
FEMUR
• HAND WOUND—ULNAR &RADIAL ARTERY AT
WRIST
BRUISES
 A BLOW ANYWHERE ON THE
SURFACE OF THE BODY CAN
CAUSE EXTENSIVE CAPILLARY
HAEMORRHAGE BENEATH THE
SKIN,WITHOUT BREAKING IT
FOLLOWED BY DISCOLOURATION
OF THE SKIN & SWELLING.
R
X
TREAT THE BRUISE WITH ICE PACK IMMEDIATELY
TO REDUCE SWELLING & PAIN.

LATER WARM COMPRESS TO HASTEN ABSORPTION
OF BLOOD.