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debate enters
new phase
IN recent weeks, both government and
ethnic armed groups have revealed
elements of their respective agendas
for Myanmars long-promised political
dialogue, which aims to end decades of
conict between the central government
and insurgent groups. The dialogue will
take place once the nationwide ceasere
agreement is signed, and many hope
that it could begin in early 2015.
The good news is that both sides
accept the need for a federal system of
government, one that devolves a degree
of authority and power to regional ad-
ministrations and parliaments. For eth-
nic groups, this battle appears to have
already been won.
The government has moved from
its repeated denial of federalism to ac-
ceptance of it, said Ngun Cung Andrew
Lian, a legal counsellor at the Myanmar
Peace Center who is also a member of
the Chin National Front, a Chin cease-
re group.
He said having this common ground
could help to reduce the concerns of
ethnic groups about whether they will
be able to apply their political policies
and ultimately benet the peace process.
The bad news? Each side and even
factions within each side will likely
have diferent views on the level of de-
centralisation that is best for Myanmars
future, and which legal structure is best
for bringing about this decentralisation.
The government accepts the term
federated country and the ethnic
armed groups do too but I do not think
they agree on how to build a federated
country, said political commentator U
Kyaw Win. There are some federated
countries that share power based on ge-
ographical areas, while others are based
on ethnicity.
On July 18, the governments senior
peace negotiating ofcial, Minister for
the Presidents Ofce U Aung Min, told
the Amyotha Hluttaw that the imple-
mentation of a federal structure will be
the focus of the political dialogue with
ethnic armed groups.
WWW.MMTIMES.COM ISSUE 741 | AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
South China Sea again
dominates summit talks
Southeast Asian nations say after a meeting with Chinas foreign minister that they will
push for speedier progress on a planned code of conduct for the disputed waters. NEWS 6
US Secretary of
State John Kerry
shakes hands with
President U Thein
Sein during their
meeting at the
Presidential Hall
in the Myanmar
Centre. The
meeting took place
ahead of the US-
ASEAN Ministerial
Meeting in Nay
Pyi Taw on August
9. Mr Kerry is the
second secretary of
state to visit in the
past ve decades,
after Hillary
Clinton, who met
U Thein Sein
during her historic
visit to Myanmar
in November and
December 2011.
online editor Kayleigh Long |
THE INSIDER: The local lowdown & best of the web
Archives provided by Pansodan Gallery
Once was Burma ...
Page 2
Leave your Buddha tatoo at home
A Canadian tourist on holiday in Upper
Myanmar was deported last week
when immigration ofcials deemed
that the Buddha image tattoos on his
leg were too offensive to keep in the
According to an article on The
Canadian Presss website, the trouble
started when photos of Jason Pollys
tattoos were posted on Facebook by
some locals he encountered on August
5. Acting with a speed and focus not
normally associated with government
ministries, tourism ofcials tracked
Mr.Polly to his guesthouse at Inle Lake.
After a round of questioning, Mr
Polley said his interogaters were
satised that he was not an Islamic
Fundamentalist, their main concern,
fut nonetheless put him and his
girlfriend in a government car bound
for Mingaladon Airport in Yangon.
Mr Polley is the second tourist to be
deported for offensive tattoos in 2014.

No love for Ne Win Pin
Model Thandar Hlaing caused a stir
on social media last week when she
uploaded a photo of herself wearing
a brooch adorned with the logo of the
old Myanmar ag.
However, as Thandar Hlaing
explained in the photos caption, her
pin has an even more direct link to
the good old bad old days: It was
given by Aye Ne Win, the grandson of
U Ne Win.
Thank you anw [Aye Ne Win].
Every Myanmar who sees this in
Singapore admire it especially when
I told them that you put the ag on
me with your own hands [Smiley],
she wrote with a photo posted on
August 2.
Aye Ne Win himself then added
fuel to the re when he offered his
own controversial comments below
the photo.
I vow Thee, my country, all
earthly things above. Entire and
whole and perfect, the service of my
love, he commented. The love that
asks no question, the love that stands
the test. That lays upon the alter the
dearest and the best.
Curiously, the above comments
come from an english poem from
1908, which was then turned into a
popular nationalist hymn in 1921.
In addition to outrage, the postings
gave further credence to rumors
that Thandar Hlaing is romantically
involved with Aye Ne Win. Thandar
Hlaings Facebook page does not list
a relationship status.
L Lone Lon
from NOW! Magazine.
Photo: Pyay Han (ColorMax)
The King of Thailand visits Prime Minister U Nu in March, 1955
Photo: Facebook
News 3 NEWS EDITOR: Thomas Kean |
More specically, the dialogue will
include discussions on power, tax
and resource sharing under a federal
structure. The basic principles set by
the government for the political dia-
logue are to hold talks in line with our
three main causes, ensure discussions
do not harm national sovereignty or
lead to the separation of the union,
and to build a federal system, U Aung
Min told MPs.
Ethnic groups are similarly unani-
mous on the need for a federal struc-
ture it has been one of their primary
demands through decades of conict.
At the recent ethnic conference in
Laiza, ethnic leaders stressed the im-
portance of ensuring all minorities
enjoy equality and the right to self-
determination through the establish-
ment of a federal union system.
Other ethnic actors have also wad-
ed into the debate. In early July, the
United Nationalities Federal Council
(UNFC), an umbrella organisation of
11 armed groups, and the United Na-
tionalities Alliance (UNA) both called
for the holding of a national confer-
ence to develop a constitution based
on federalism in a statement issued
in collaboration with the National
League for Democracy, the 88 Genera-
tion and other political groups.
The Shan State Progress Party,
whose armed wing, the Shan State
Army-North, recently clashed with the
Tatmadaw in Shan State, also issued
a set of ve demands on July 5 after
meeting with prominent peacemaker
and MP U Thein Zaw. These demands
include the founding of a federal state
and creation of a new peacebuilding
committee with community and eth-
nic representatives.
For most stakeholders, this means
changing the 2008 constitution. While
the constitution already contains a
degree of decentralisation, including
seven regional governments and par-
liaments in ethnic minority-dominat-
ed areas, along with ve self-adminis-
tered zones and one self-administered
division, all armed ethnic groups have
rejected the low level of authority del-
egated to these bodies.
There is an argument between
[ethnic armed groups] about wheth-
er the 2008 constitution is based on
federalism or not. In my opinion, it
is based on federalism but it is very
weak, Ngun Cung Andrew Lian said.
It needs to be amended and sup-
plemented to strengthen the federal
He said any change was likely
to take longer than armed groups
would like. It is always better to get
what you want quickly but I think
that sharing power, tax and resources
must start from a point that you can
manage, he said.
U Kyaw Win agreed that the shar-
ing of power, taxes and resources be-
tween the regional and central admin-
istrations needs to be enshrined in the
That means that if somebody
wants to change the sharing ratio, it
can only happen if the constitution is
amended, he said. Only [the sharing
of taxes, resources and power] is com-
mon to each country and the imple-
mentation varies depending on local
factors. Stakeholders have to negoti-
ate on how it will be implemented and
this can take some time when there
has been such a prolonged civil war.
But on the ethnic side in particular
there are divisions over what form a
federal system should take. U Ko Ko
Gyi from the 88 Generation Peace and
Open Society said these divisions are
mostly between armed and political
ethnic groups.
But each ethnic group will have its
own view and stance there is not yet
a common and united stance among
ethnic groups on the type of federal
structure, he said. The issue does
require much more detailed discus-
sions. But [implementing federalism]
is more like a process. It will need to
be done gradually.
He said it is important that the
views of ethnic armed, political and
civil society organisations are consid-
ered along with those of the rest of
the population, who have also been
victims of the civil war.
Only if all these voices are count-
ed, he said, will peace be guaranteed.
Decades-old federalism
debate enters new phase
There is not yet a
common and united
stance among ethnic
groups on the type
of federal structure
[that is needed].

U Ko Ko Gyi
88 Generation
Informal talks build
momentum for peace
PEACE negotiators say they are op-
timistic a meeting in Yangon this
week will be the penultimate round
of talks before a ceasere draft is
complete, but have ruled out the
possibility of nalising an agree-
ment in the coming days.
The state peace team led by Min-
ister for the Presidents Ofce U
Aung Min will meet leaders of the
Nationwide Ceasere Coordination
Team, which is negotiating on behalf
of 16 armed ethnic groups, at the
Myanmar Peace Center on August
The optimism stems largely from
informal talks held on August 3,
at which both sides indicated they
were willing to make concessions on
the draft text.
U Hla Maung Shwe, a senior ad-
viser to the MPC, said there were still
some hurdles that need to be over-
come before a draft can be agreed,
particularly on political guarantees
for ethnic groups.
[The draft] might be nalised at
the next meeting, he said.
However, he suggested that the
process needed to be concluded soon
to leave enough time for political
negotiations before elections and a
change of president and command-
er-in-chief in late 2015 and early
With the likely changing of the
Tatmadaw commander-in-chief in
late 2015, it is unclear what will hap-
pen if they cannot start political dia-
logue by then, he said.
Prior to this weeks talks, ethnic
leaders held a conference in the
Kachin State border town of Laiza
in late July that was followed by an
informal meeting between the NCCT
and government peace team in the
state capital Myitkyina on August 3.
At the Laiza talks, which were
designed to seek ethnic consensus
on the draft ceasere text, leaders
agreed that the government must
accept a federal union that guar-
antees democracy, and equality
and self-determination for ethnic
General Mutu Say Poe from the
Karen National Union also stressed
the importance of a prompt resolu-
tion to discussions, arguing that
there is a limited timeframe within
which they can reach an agreement.
In order to speed up the process,
ethnic leaders agreed to give the
NCCT more authority and also the
ability to call an emergency meet-
ing of armed group leaders if there
is a policy issue that needs to be dis-
cussed urgently.
Ethnic leaders told The Myan-
mar Times last week that they had
grown more optimistic of a break-
through after the informal meeting
in Myitkyina, at which the two sides
discussed some of the contentious
points in the draft that are holding
up the signing of the agreement.
We have some difcult points to
negotiate with the government but
not too many. The situation is bet-
ter now, said NCCT member Salai
Lian Hmung, a leader of the Chin
National Front.
We are prepared to make con-
cessions as the government also
seems to have relaxed some of its
It is unclear what
will happen if they
cant start political
dialogue by
[late 2015].
U Hla Maung Shwe
Myanmar Peace Center
Ethnic leaders including Major General Gun Maw (right) of the Kachin Independence Army confer at the Laiza armed
ethnic groups conference on July 28. Photo: Zarni Phyo
Ofcials from both sides warn ahead of Yangon meeting that time is running out
4 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Thousands flee flooding in Bago
FLOODING caused by intense rain
has driven about 2000 people from
their homes in Bago, township of-
cials said there on August 6. Local ad-
ministrator U Khin Thein Maung said
water levels had risen signicantly in
Kyun Tharyar, Kalyarni, Mazin, Kyauk
Kyi Su and South Zine Kanine areas of
the town.
Water was about 4 or 5 feet [1.2-
1.5 metres] deep in the lower parts of
those places. The road between Bago
and Yangon was ooded to a depth of
about 6 inches [15 centimetres] near
Kyun Tharyar highway bus station,
he said.
Camps have been opened in the
ooded quarters. We estimate there
are about 2000 people who have had
to relocate from their homes, he said.
The Bago River was approaching
its danger point of 910cm on August 6
and was forecast to rise further in the
following 48 hours.
The Department of Meteorology
and Hydrology (DMH) said two to
four inches (5-10cm) of rain had fallen
in Bago and the upstream town of
Zaung Tu on August 5-6.
The Thanlwin and Ngawun riv-
ers, meanwhile, have exceeded their
danger levels at Hpa-an, Kayin
State, and Ngathaing Chaung, Aye-
yarwady Region, respectively on Au-
gust 5 and 6. The rising water levels
are the result of heavy rain in lower
Myanmar due to intense monsoon
An ofcial from Hpa-an re station
said there had not yet been any reloca-
tions but the department is ready to
respond if situation worsens.
The DMH has also issued ood
warnings for Sittoung River and Shwe
Gyin River in Bago Region.
Soldiers and police help Bago residents through floodwater last week. Photo: Myanmar Police Force
Vox pop: Rainy day blues
Daw San San Htwe, 45
clothing retailer
The heavy rain makes it difcult
for me to go to the market and buy
new clothes to sell. I am afraid the
clothes will get wet and damaged.
Flooding makes it difcult to go
outside and run my shop and an-
other problem is that the clothes do
not dry. My shop is on the ground
oor so if there is ooding the wa-
ter comes in my shop. If the rain
is heavy I close my shop and dont
sell at all but obviously that means
I have no income, which is also a
Ma Ei Ei Nyein, 23
food vendor
I sell salad from within a tent.
The rain is not difficult because I
sell on Bo Aung Kyaw Street and
it has been repaired so there are
no flooding problems. If the rain
is heavy though there are few cus-
tomers because people dont come
outside. I only have problems if
there is wind as well as heavy rain,
because the rain comes in under
the tent.
Daw Aye Aye Naing, 35
bread seller
The rain makes life very difcult for
me. I send bread to the shop with
a bicycle but when there is ood-
ing I cannot do it because it is very
dangerous. This means I cannot
sell every day and my income is not
regular. Income is never as good on
rainy days. I think this year there
is more rain and ooding than last
year. Because Im selling bread, I
have to be extra careful in the rain.
Rainy days are unlucky for me. I
always hope for sunshine and not
Ma Myint Myint San, 22
ofce worker
I like the rain but I hate ooding
because it makes it difcult to get
to the ofce. If the rain is heavy and
there is ooding, I cannot go to the
ofce by bus and taxis are very ex-
pensive at that time. Sometimes, I
arrive late because of ooding and
it is very annoying. I always pray
that heavy rain doesnt come and
if it does, at least after I have al-
ready arrived at work!
Heavy rain to continue to end of August
STRONG monsoon conditions bring-
ing heavy rain are likely to persist to
the end of the month, an ofcial of
the Department of Meteorology and
Hydrology said last week, following
a wetter-than-normal July for coast-
al areas that saw Yangon receive 38
percent more rain than the monthly
Deputy director U Kyaw Lwin Oo
said this years monsoon had been
strong across much Asia in early
August and this was expected to
This week is likely to see particu-
larly heavy rain in coastal areas, he
said on August 6.
Coastal areas could have region-
ally heavy rainfall until mid-August
but strong to very strong monsoon
conditions are forecast for the whole
month, he said. People living in ar-
eas at risk of ooding should regu-
larly check for weather updates and
take any necessary precautions.
A number of rainfall records were
broken in the rst week of August as
the heavy rain from July continued,
with heavy rain widespread in many
areas of lower Myanmar.
Gwa in Rakhine State received a
new daily maximum rainfall record
of 326 millimetres, while Nga Tha-
ing Chaung in Ayeyarwady Region
achieved a precipitation record of
181mm on August 3.
Department gures show coastal
areas received signicantly higher
rainfall in July than the 30-year av-
erage, from 1961 to 1991.
Yangon received 38pc more
than its average of 20.16 inches
[51.2cm], while Ayeyarwady Region
had 21pc more than the average of
22.68 inches. Tanintharyi received
59pc more precipitation than its av-
erage of 33.94 inches, U Kyaw Lwin
Oo said.
However, he described the heavy
rain as not strange for the peak
monsoon period, which runs from
July 1 to August 31.
July rainfall in coastal areas up signicantly on the 30-year average, with Yangon recording a 38 percent increase on its average of 51.2cm
Depth, in feet, of oodwater in some
parts of Bago last week
Yangons daily rainfall during July
1 11 21 31
53 50
Source: Department of Meteorology and
Hydrology. All figures in millimetres.
News 5
PR debate hits Yangons streets
DEBATE on proportional represen-
tation has left the halls of parliament
and emerged onto the streets of Yan-
gon, with more than 100 people pro-
testing against a proposed change to
the voting system last week.
The demonstrators gathered out-
side Yangons City Hall on August 5
and marched down Anawrahta Road
to Pansodan Street before heading
south and marching back to City
Hall via Merchant Road.
They carried placards reading
We dont accept the PR system
which can disrupt national reconcili-
ation, We dont accept the PR sys-
tem submitted to parliament and
We dont want misleading PR.
The protest was organised by a
newly established political group,
the Mass Movement Acceleration
Network, in response to recent de-
bate in parliament over a proposal
to introduce proportional represen-
tation in part or all of the country
for the 2015 election. In June, the
upper house agreed to form a com-
mission to examine the proposed
introduction of proportional repre-
sentation, while late last month the
lower house formed a commission
to examine which voting system is
most appropriate for Myanmar. The
proposals were approved despite op-
position from ethnic MPs and the
National League for Democracy.
Network member U Kyi Lin said
he joined the protest because he
believes the public does not under-
stand and is confused by proportion-
al representation.
He said the Union Solidarity and
Development Party is trying to intro-
duce proportional representation to
improve its chance in 2015.
I think the USDP wants to use
PR because they dont have much
chance of winning the election and
want to change the outcome, he
Network spokesperson U Myat
Kyaw agreed that the proposals to
mintroduce proportional represen-
tation were forced through parlia-
ment by the USDP to improve its
chances in 2015.
If the hluttaw respects the de-
sires of the public, they should
listen, he said. If proportional
representation is used, national rec-
onciliation will be damaged. Even if
the parliament agrees to [introduce
proportional representation] we will
continue to protest. We dont accept
it at all.
But U Aung Zin, the National
Democratic Force representative
who submitted the proportional rep-
resentation to the lower house, said
he wants to change the system to fa-
vour smaller parties, not the USDP.
I dont want to comment on the
protest but by using this system we
can get more voices [in parliament]
from minority groups, he said.
Activists in Pyay township in
Bago Region have also protested
against the planned change to pro-
portional representation, while a
second Yangon protest is scheduled
for Mingalar Taung Nyunt on August
The August 5 protest in down-
town Yangon went ahead without
formal permission, after the organ-
isers refused a police request to
shift it from Kyauktada to Tarmwe
Members of the Mass Movement Acceleration Network protest in Yangon on August 5. Photo: Zarni Phyo
UEC considers
plea for longer
campaign time
ELECTORAL authorities say they are
still considering extending the election
campaign period from 30 to 60 days at
the request of opposition parties, which
are concerned about the difculty of
campaigning in remote parts of the
A senior ofcial described as a mis-
understanding comments attributed
to Union Election Commission direc-
tor U Thaung Hlaing, who told The Ir-
rawaddy on August 7 that the proposal
to extend the period to 60 days would
not be adopted.
I think it may be a misunderstand-
ing, deputy director U Hla Maung Cho
said on August 8. My boss and I always
give the same answer. We have told the
parties we will consider their proposal.
U Thaung Hlaing was quoted as
saying that the 30-day international
period already met international
standards, but opposition parties ar-
gue Myanmars less-than-international
standard transportation infrastructure
makes it impossible to complete cam-
paigning within a month.
Representatives from the National
League for Democracy and the ve
ethnic parties met on August 6 for two-
and-a-half hours with Union Election
Commission chair U Tin Aye. After the
meeting the party representatives said
he had told them he would consider ex-
tending the campaigning period.
The parties cited the difculty of
travelling to remote areas when they
conduct election campaigns, and the
UEC chair said he would reconsider the
length of the campaigning period, point-
ing out that one month is sufcient in
other countries, NLD central executive
committee member U Tun Tun Hein
told reporters after the meeting.
U Tin Aye said the commission
would reconsider the campaigning
period for constituencies in remote ar-
eas where access is difcult, said U Soe
Win, general secretary of the Democ-
racy and Human Rights Party.
Some constituencies in Rakhine
State or Chin State have more than 100
villages where we could face transpor-
tation difculties, so it would be better
to allot two months to the campaign,
said U Soe Win.
The UEC chair was said to have
expressed concern in a meeting with
foreign experts that unnecessary prob-
lems might arise if campaigning were
extended for more than a month.
U Tun Tun Hein said the commis-
sion would allow both local and exter-
nal observers to monitor the 2015 elec-
tions, adding that the chair had also
pledged that the election would be free
and fair.
Further, U Tin Aye told the parties
that the commission would also al-
low candidates and other party repre-
sentatives to act as scrutineers during
the vote count, and had reduced the
candidates deposit from K500,000 to
K300,000. The deposit, a registration
fee, is returned to candidates who win
at least one-eighth of the votes.
Other participants in the meeting
were the Wa National Unity Party, the
Kaman National Progressive Party, the
All Mon Region Democracy Party and
the Zomi Congress for Democracy.
The meeting was called after the
parties expressed concern about a di-
rective issued by the Union Election
Commission on July 1 that places tight
restrictions on campaigning.
Some political leaders have warned
the directive would result in the elec-
tion being neither free nor fair and
even said they are considering boycott-
ing unless changes are made to the
directive. They have also accused the
establishment of attempting to move
the goalposts to reduce the chances of
a NLD landslide in 2015 and are upset
that feedback from political parties on
a draft version of the directive distrib-
uted in May was seemingly ignored by
the commission.
Translation by Zar Zar Soe
I think the USDP
wants to use PR
because they dont
have much chance of
winning the election
and want to change
the outcome.
U Kyi Lin
Mass Movement Acceleration
Network member
Six parties, including NLD, push for campaign period to
be set at 60 days so candidates can reach remote areas
6 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
THE Presidents Ofce has conrmed
that police forces in Rakhine States
Sittwe township shot and killed a
Muslim IDP on August 6 following a
Many details surrounding the
shooting remain unclear. The govern-
ment statement said a dispute over
an alleged theft in a displaced persons
camp in Sittwe escalated to the point
that local police were forced to re
their ries into the air to disperse the
gathering crowd.
The statement said that during this
confrontation, a 29-year-old Muslim
man advanced on the security forces
with a knife and was shot by police.
However, a statement from the Lon-
don-based advocacy group Burmese Ro-
hingya Organization-UK (BROUK) gave
a diferent version of events. Its August
8 statement said the death came after
more than 100 security ofcials carried
out a crackdown in several IDP camps
in the area on the evening of August 6.
[The police] killed one Rohingya
and seriously injured two others. More
than 15 Rohingyas were arrested by se-
curity forces, it said.
Clashes between IDPs and security
forces in Rakhine State have occurred
several times since riots displaced more
than 100,000 people, mostly Muslims,
in 2012. However, because IDP camps
are largely closed to outsiders and resi-
dents cannot always travel or commu-
nicate freely, reports of the clashes are
often wildly divergent and sometimes
even contradictory.
Human rights groups have regularly
called for greater international access
to the areas to enable more accurate
reporting of events.
The US government should be
supporting an international investiga-
tion into human rights abuses, said
BROUK president U Tun Khin.
ASEAN pushes code of conduct
ASEAN members say they will push
China to advance consultations in an
attempt to resolve territorial disputes
in the South China Sea, with the mari-
time issue poised to dominate yet an-
other meeting of the 10-nation bloc.
Acting Thai Foreign Minister Siha-
sak Phuangketkeow said following the
ASEAN-China ministerial meeting
part of the larger ASEAN Regional
Forum that took place in Nay Pyi Taw
over the weekend that Southeast
Asian countries would step up their ef-
forts at dialogue.
We want to see peace prevail in the
South China Sea and for this reason we
want to advance both the full and efec-
tive implementation of the [Declaration
on the Conduct of Parties in the South
China Sea], Mr Sihasak said.
He added that ASEAN wants to in-
tensify ofcial consultations of a code
of conduct during the next round of
meetings on the issue, which will be
held in Thailand in October.
In 2002, China and ASEAN signed
the Declaration on the Conduct of Par-
ties in the South China Sea. However,
implementation has stalled amid ne-
gotiations over a code of conduct, a
binding agreement that China appears
reluctant to agree to.
Sitting beside Mr Sihasak, Chinese
Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that
China also hoped to nalise the DOC
implementation at an early date.
However, he also cautioned that his
country has a right to protect its sov-
ereignty and warned against acts of
provocation in the waters.
Malcolm Cook, a senior fellow at
the Institute of Southeast Asian Stud-
ies in Singapore, told The Myanmar
Times that there was reason to doubt
Chinas commitment to the declara-
tion given recent actions.
China has consistently stated that
a code of conduct will not impinge
upon the exercise of its sovereign
claims in the South China Sea and Chi-
nese actions before and since the May
ASEAN leaders summit are clearly
not consistent with the declaration of
conduct [agreement], Mr Cook said.
Actions speak louder than diplomatic
Nay Pyi Taw has been eager to use
its position of chair of ASEAN to show-
case reforms initiated by President
U Thein Seins administration, after
the country spent the better part of
17 years on the fringes of the regional
bloc because of concerns over human
rights abuses.
But the major meetings it has
hosted this year have instead focused
primarily on the ongoing territorial
disputes in the South China Sea.
At the ASEAN Summit in May, re-
gional leaders issued a statement in
which they expressed serious con-
cerns over incidents in the South Chi-
na Sea that took place just days before
they gathered in Nay Pyi Taw.
Similarly, just days ahead of this
latest summit, Chinese state media
reported that Beijing plans to build
lighthouses on ve islands in the dis-
puted waters.
Prior to Myanmar assuming the
leadership of ASEAN for the rst time,
some observers had expressed concern
that its close ties to China could im-
pact its handling of the South China
Sea issue, as occurred in Cambodia in
But those fears have been largely
dispelled by the statement of concern
issued by regional leaders and the
united front presented by ASEAN.
Myanmar ofcials have vowed
privately to avoid another Cambodia
incident, said Yun Sun, a fellow with
the East Asia Program at the Stimson
Center in Washington, DC.
But at the same time, they also
made it clear that it will not allow Vi-
etnam and Philippines to turn ASEAN
into an anti-China forum this year.
In his address at the opening of the
ASEAN Regional Forum on August 8,
U Thein Sein said only that he wished
to resort to peaceful settlement of dis-
putes and diferences.
South China Sea is not Myanmars
ght, Ms Sun said. [T]here is no need
for Myanmar to assert a strong posi-
tion [and] upset anyone.
IDP killed
by police
in Sittwe
North Koreas new
Foreign Minister Ri
Su-yong arrives in Nay
Pyi Taw on August
9, one day ahead of
the ASEAN Regional
Forum. Pyongyangs
top diplomat
was to attend the
meeting along with
counterparts from
almost 30 countries,
including United States
Secretary of State
John Kerry.
8 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Kayin govt, KNU build refugee homes
THE Kayin State government and Ka-
ren National Union are jointly fund-
ing construction of low-cost homes in
Karen National Union-controlled ter-
ritory to encourage displaced people
who are unable to get ofcial refugee
status to return home, a KNU liaison
ofcer says.
The homes are being constructed
in areas controlled by brigades 6 and
7 of the Karen National Liberation
Army, the armed wing of the KNU,
Saw Moe Zet said.
Of the detached 250 homes, 150
are in Mae Phoe K and Mal Tharee
villages in Hlaingbwe township,
in Brigade 7 territory, and 100 are
in Mal Ka and Three Pagoda Pass,
which are held by Brigade 6.
Saw Moe Zet, who is responsible
for constructing the homes in Bri-
gade 6 territory, said the Kayin State
Ministry of Border and Security Af-
fairs has provided K500 million for
the project, while the KNU will pro-
vide additional funds. The homes
are being built by two KNU-linked
companies, Moe Ko San and Thu Lay.
The homes are targeted at refu-
gees who have not registered with
the United Nations High Commis-
sioner for Refugees and so cannot be
resettled in a third country.
We will focus on providing hous-
ing to those who are not certied by
UNHCR, Saw Moe Zet said, adding
that they could be living in Thailand
or in Myanmar.
Quality inspections of the houses
were completed on August 5 and up
to 500 families are expected to live in
the 250 homes.
A committee comprising mem-
bers of the state government, local
administration ofcials and KNU
members will be formed to decide
who gets to live in the new homes.
It is unclear whether any interna-
tional aid designated for the peace
process is being used, said U Aung
Naing Oo, one of the directors of the
Myanmar Peace Center.
When contacted by The Myan-
mar Times, Kayin State government
secretary U Myo Aung Htay said he
knew nothing about the housing
Floating hotel in hot water
over kneel-down service
YANGONS new colonial cruise
liner-themed hotel has quickly
steamed into trouble after a pub-
licity photo depicted some of its
staf prostrating themselves before
a group of guests, prompting some
staf to resign.
The photo was used on the Vin-
tage Luxury Yacht Hotels page on
booking site Agoda and in other
publicity material but was removed
after it attracted criticism online and
the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism
threatened an investigation. One
Facebook user, Ko Min, described the
photo as humiliating to the entire
Myanmar people.
But hotel operations manager U
Pyae Phyo Oo said the photo was
taken at a training session when staf
were re-enacting the 1920s by kneel-
ing down in front of their guests and
that staf have not been required to
do it since then.
The hotel had its soft opening
at the end of June and expects to
open fully in September. Work on
the US$50 million converted ship
began in August 2013 at Myanma
Shipyards, with rooms set to cost
between $250 and as much as $800
a night at the high end when it of-
cially opens.
U Pyae Phyo Oo said the hotel
aimed to recreate the kind of service
that royalty might have experienced
on a cruise liner a century ago. He
suggested the photo was taken out
of context and that there had never
been any intention of forcing staf to
kneel down for all guests.
The ministry will take action if
we give kneel-down service, he said.
However, two women who for-
merly worked at the hotel disputed
U Pyae Phyo Oos comments, telling
The Myanmar Times that they had
been forced to kneel down whenever
someone passed from May until they
quit at the end of June.
One woman, who asked not to be
named, said staf were told they had
to do it at all times so that they got
into the habit of doing it when the
hotel opened.
Our supervisor complained
whenever we didnt kneel down.
We were told if we refused to do it
we would have to resign. Later they
reduced it a little so we just had to
do it for the manager, director and
other senior people but we still had
to do it right up until I quit, said the
woman, who quit at the end of June
after working for two months.
All of the staf pictured in the
photo told The Myanmar Times they
have since resigned, and at least 17
staf have left the hotel in recent
months, complaining of both the
kneel-down policy and also the high
bond they would have to pay if they
quit within a year.
Former staf said they were told
they would have to pay K10 million
if they quit within a year and would
not be able to work at any other ho-
tel for at least six months.
One month before the hotel
opened, they told me I would have
to pay [K10 million if I quit]. They
said that if I didnt then I had to re-
sign so I did, said another wom-
an, 22, who resigned from her front-
ofce job after working for three
Staf were paid about K100,000
a month before signing a contract
and were told that if they signed
on they would receive K180,000 a
They told me to sign one month
before the soft opening in mid-June.
If I didnt I had to resign, said the
woman who resigned after two
However, she was also angry at
management requiring staf to kneel
down for guests. The kneel-down
service shouldnt be allowed in My-
anmar, she said.
U Pyae Phyo Oo insisted staf had
not been forced to sign a contract yet
but suggested some kind of compen-
sation would be reasonable if they
quit abruptly.
We dont have an agreement
with staf that if they quit within one
year they have to pay K10 million
compensation, he said. But if they
leave, the hotel will be negatively af-
fected because we gave them train-
ing and facilities.
Despite the online backlash, he
said the photo of the staf kneeling
in front of guests has in fact helped
to promote Vintage Luxury Yacht
People are coming to the hotel
more after knowing about our ser-
vice, he said.
A staff member kneels down to hand a menu to a manager at the newly opened Vintage Luxury Yacht Hotel in Yangon on
July 2. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
Staf resign over controversial practice and contract issues but the hotel insists its all a misunderstanding
Amount that former staff at Vintage
Luxury Yacht Hotel say they would be
forced to pay if they resigned within one
year of signing a contract
ManagingDirector, Editor-in-Chief MTE&MTM
Ross Dunkley
Chief Operating Ofcer Wendy Madrigal
Deputy Chief OperatingOfcer Tin Moe Aung
Editor MTE Thomas Kean
Editor MTM Sann Oo
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Editor Special Publications Myo Lwin
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News Editors (Mandalay)
Khin Su Wai, Phyo Wai Kyaw
Nay Pyi Taw Bureau Chief Hsu Hlaing Htun
Online Editors Kayleigh Long, Thet Hlaing,
Director Kaung Htet
Boothee, Aung Htay Hlaing, Thiri
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Head Ofce: 379/383 Bo Aung Kyaw Street,
Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar.
Telephone: (01) 253 642, 392 928
Facsimile: (01) 254 158
Mandalay Bureau: Bld Sa/1, Man Mandalar
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10 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
NGOs focus on sexual health awareness
HEALTH workers and NGOs that fo-
cus on stemming the spread of sexu-
ally transmitted diseases conducted
outreach activities at the Taungbyone
nat festival in Mandalays Madaya
township last week.
Free blood tests and condoms were
provided at the spirit festival, which is
an annual gathering point for mem-
bers of the countrys gay community.
HIV/AIDS mostly afects margin-
alised groups in Myanmar, including
men who have sex with men. An esti-
mated 0.6 percent of those aged 15-49
was infected with the virus at the end
of 2012, according to UNAIDS.
We will give condoms out for free,
and we will explain to them why they
should use them and let them know
how to save their health, Mandalay
Region Ministry of Health HIV ofcer
Dr Kyaw Soe said before the week-long
festival kicked of on August 3.
A sexual diseases clinic was also
available, where anyone could receive
treatment or a check-up.
Dr Kyaw Soe said using a condom
was the most important preventative
measure people could take.
We have found that the propor-
tion of young people with sexually
transmitted infections is higher in
regions where condoms are more dif-
cult to get, Dr Kyaw Soe said.
The festival takes place in the vil-
lage of Taungbyone, about 45 min-
utes north of the city, in the week
leading up to the full moon of Wa-
Translation by Thiri Min Htun
A volunteer hands out a health education pamphlet to a pilgrim at Taungbyone
nat festival on August 27, 2012. Pic: Phyo Wai Kyaw
Mandalay curfew scares
off nat festival visitors
STALL owners at the Taungbyone nat
festival have complained that Manda-
lays night-time curfew has been hitting
their hip pockets, with some predicting
theyll make a loss on the festival.
The nat spirit festival, which in pre-
vious years has been buzzing until past
midnight, was nearly empty by 9pm on
the rst couple of nights, fabric shop
owner U Shwe said.
Visitors from Mandalay cant stay
here so long and need to go back early,
U Shwe said, adding that he sold only
K200,000 of stock on the rst day.
On the second day, sales were quite
down too and I am starting to worry
about how I can pay my stall rental fee.
The festival is held in the week lead-
ing up to the full moon of Wagaung, and
runs from August 3-10 this year. Manda-
lay authorities put a 9pm to 5am curfew
in place on July 3 after two men were
killed in communal violence and it has
since been relaxed to 10pm to 3am.
Another fabric shop owner, who
is operating ve stalls at this years
festival, said last week that he
expects to make a loss.
Sales are so low this year, especially
at night. If I combine the fees for stall
rental, labour, and electricity and water
supply, I could make a loss, U Myint
Khaing said.
However, the head of the pagodas
board of trustees said that he was con-
dent the festival would draw bigger
crowds closer to the full moon.
We dont collect data on the number
of visitors here. However as far as I see,
the rst day was more crowded this year
than last year. It was a Sunday and also
a Myanmar Sabbath day so more people
were able to come, U Tin Win said on
August 4.
While visitor numbers did increase
on August 6 the day of the festival
when the nat gures are taken in a
procession and bathed in the Ayeyar-
wady River there were still only small
crowds at night-time, stall holders
Taungbyone festival-goers make offerings to Min Hna Par Nat at the nat palace on August 4. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw
I am starting to
worry about how
I can pay my stall
rental fee.
U Shwe
Fabric shop owner
The Taungbyone festival used to be buzzing until well after midnight, but the 10pm
curfew in Mandalay has put a damper on night-time crowds and hurt businesses
Notice is hereby given that BIOFARMA of 50, rue Carnot 92284
Suresnes cedex , FRANCE, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of
the following trademarks: _
(Reg: No.IV/10650/2014)
In respect of: -
Pharmaceutical preparations for the treatment of vascular and
venous diseases. In class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Nyein Kyaw
B.Sc., Dip Engg., R.L., D.B.L.
Room 007, Inya Lake Hotel
37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar
Tes: (951) 9662866
Date: 11
August, 2014
Notice is hereby given that BIOFARMA of 50, rue Carnot 92284
Suresnes cedex , FRANCE, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of
the following trademarks: _
(Reg: No.IV/10656/2014)
In respect of: -
Pharmaceutical psychotropic preparations. In class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Nyein Kyaw
B.Sc., Dip Engg., R.L., D.B.L.
Room 007, Inya Lake Hotel
37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar
Tes: (951) 9662866
Date: 11
August, 2014
Notice is hereby given that BIOFARMA of 50, rue Carnot 92284
Suresnes cedex , FRANCE, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of
the following trademarks: _
(Reg: No.IV/10079/2014)
In respect of: -
Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations: sanitary preparations
for medical purposes; dietetic substances adapted for medical
use; food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material
for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for
destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides International class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Nyein Kyaw
B.Sc., Dip Engg., R.L., D.B.L.
Room 007, Inya Lake Hotel
37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar
Tes: (951) 9662866
Date: 11
August, 2014
News 11
Fresh effort to raise Dhammazedi Bell
A LOCAL team said last week it would
begin an attempt to raise the fabled
Dhammazedi Bell from the depths of
the Yangon River over the weekend.
Cast in the 15
century, the bell is
reputed to be the worlds largest, at
about 270 tonnes. However, it has laid
at the bottom of the river, near where
the Yangon and Bago rivers meet, since
a failed attempt by Portuguese forces in
1608 to take it from Shwedagon Pagoda
to Thanlyin, where it was to be melted
down and made into cannons.
Several attempts to raise it since
the late 1980s ended in failure but U
San Lin, who is leading the latest ef-
fort, told The Myanmar Times in an
exclusive interview that he is con-
dent of success.
The group has already raised K160
million from local businesses but is yet
to receive a response from the govern-
ment to a request to borrow a tugboat
for the operation. It has also asked
Myanmar Industrial Port to let it use
a jetty in the event the bell is raised.
We have already arranged to rent
a ship to start the bell-raising opera-
tion on August 9, he said. It seems
like there is not a lot of trust in our
work because we have not actually
started yet but we are condent the
government will help us.
The donations were handed over
at a ceremony on July 30. We didnt
seek donations, said U Win Myint,
owner of Shwe Ohn Pin Restaurant in
Bago, who is also involved in the quest
to raise the bell and has donated K5.2
But the public enthusiastically
contributed to our plan and we are
happy to see it.
U Thet Ko Ko Myo, a deputy gener-
al manager at Kanbawza Bank, which
donated K50 million to the project,
said his company was happy to take
part in a project aimed at recovering
an important part of the countrys
We collaborated with our friends
and contributed to this team, which is
striving to save our national heritage,
he said.
The project is particularly signi-
cant to ethnic Mon, as the bell was
cast during the reign of King Dham-
mazedi, a Mon king based at Bago who
ruled much of lower Myanmar.
Much to the anger of the Mon how-
ever, some have questioned whether
the bell really exists.
At a seminar in Yangon in Novem-
ber 2013, one of the presenters, U My-
int Thu, outlined his scepticism about
the conventionally accepted narrative
of the bells forging and sinking.
While some have attributed the
multiple failures to recover the bell to
protective nats, or guardian spirits, U
Myint Thu suggested another reason
for the failure that the bell may not
exist at all. He questioned why most
facts about the bells provenance,
dimensions and whereabouts come
from reference books written by non-
local sources.
Was the bell really cast? he asked
attendees. Was it really 270 tonnes
and placed at Shwedagon Pagoda? ...
More study is needed.
But U Soe Thein, chair of the Mon
Literature and Culture Committee,
which is also involved in the salvage
attempt, said the bell is the pride of
Mon people.
He said the salvage team would
use a mix of modern and traditional
methods to raise it from the deep. We
denitely believe they will make it
happen, he said.
Ahead of the launch of the salvage
attempt, organisers have brought a
team of divers from Kawthoung to
Yangon and are searching for a rope
strong enough to handle the bells sup-
posed weight.
U San Lin, who made ve attempts
to salvage the bell between 1997 and
1999, said the main challenge would
be to remove the hulk of a 33-metre-
long (110-foot) wrecked ship that lies
above the bell.
And on the question of whether
it exists, he is adamant that it is just
waiting to be raised from the riverbed.
The bell really exists, he said, at a
depth of 52 feet [15.6m].
Translation by Zar Zar Soe
An illustration of the Dhammazedi Bell. Photo: Supplied
Local team says it will begin raising the 500-year-old bell reputed to weigh 270 tonnes from the depths of the Yangon River on August 9
Amount raised in support of the attempt
to salvage the Dhammazedi Bell
GIRLS and young women in bright-
ly coloured dresses and laden with
food parcels, many heavy with ver-
micelli pudding, dodge the rain in
It is the end of Ramadan, the lu-
nar month during which Muslims
fast between daylight hours. After
darkness descends, they break their
fast with the long-awaited Eid al-
Fitr feast. Only this year there was
little to celebrate, as thousands of
fellow Muslims remain in limbo in
the three of the citys ve displaced
More than 10,000 people
mostly Muslims, although a quar-
ter were Buddhist were displaced
in the March 2013 communal vio-
lence that saw more than 40 people
killed. About a third of that num-
ber still remains in the temporary
camps set up after the conict.
The Muslim community was
clearly hardest hit; ofcial records
show that almost 2000 Muslims
ed the town, and only six of the
13 mosques in the city remain un-
damaged and open to those who
In the district stadium camp
where more than 900 Muslims shel-
ter, many feel they have swapped
their homes for a prison-like
We feel we are under house ar-
rest. The camp gate looks like a jail
gate. We cant be happy today like
on previous Eid days because our
minds do not feel free. Here, we can
go out at any time in the morning,
but we have to be back not later
than 7pm, said camp resident Ko
Min Min, who works as a painter.
While Ko Min Min has been al-
lowed to leave the camp and live in
his former home because he could
show ownership documents, the
house was damaged and he doesnt
have enough money to rebuild it.
Its a similar story in the Water
Resources Utilisation Department
camp, where residents say they
have to cope with poor sanitation.
We have lost our basic rights
while we are living in the camp be-
cause the toilets are not good. We
feel like we are in an internment
camp. [It afects] our social life,
health, business everything, resi-
dent U Tin Maung Cho said.
Our household has 10 mem-
bers. This is good because some can
go out of the camp for work during
the day but we feel very depressed
at night, he said. It has been more
than a year. Construction of reset-
tlements has been completed
[and] I would like to move there as
quickly as possible.
In the district stadium camp,
about one-third of residents have
property ownership documents.
Many of those who lost their owner-
ship documents when their homes
were destroyed by Buddhist mobs
suspect the authorities have no in-
tention of allowing them to go back.
But U Tint Wai Thone, the head
of the district administrative ofce,
said ofcials are concerned that
residents will continue to stay on in
the camp rather than go home.
We resettle them to live in their
original place but they dont go
from here, he said. We can accept
those who have no place to live but
we will check everyone who is still
in the camp and see whether they
have somewhere else to go.
The authorities want to relocate
some people to detached houses
funded by the Yaung Net mosque in
Chan Aye Thar Yar ward, he said,
but they are still waiting for most
of them to be built.
With money raised by Yaung Net
and other donors, 350 detached
houses worth more than K7.6 mil-
lion and 172 semi-detached houses
will be built.
More than 100 detached houses
have already been completed.
But we do not know how they
will transfer those buildings to
the original owners, said U Khin
Than, a member of the committee
in charge of rebuilding homes in
Chan Aye Thar Yar ward.
U Tint Wai Thone promised that
more houses would follow.
After completing a detached
house, the regional government
will build roads, electrical power
and a running water system, he
said. Weve asked the Union gov-
ernment, through the regional gov-
ernment, to develop semi-detached
houses with government funds and
to complete them quickly.
Translation by Thiri Min Htun
12 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Saudi bans brides from
Myanmar, says report
Saudi men have been banned from
marrying women from Myanmar,
as the Gulf state toughens the rules
restricting marriage with foreigners, a
local daily said.
Marrying women from Bangladesh,
Pakistan and Chad is also no longer
permissible, Makkah newspaper
reported on August 6.
It said the total population of these
communities in Saudi Arabia has ex-
ceeded 500,000 people, citing unofcial
statistics, implying that this might be
the reason.
The paper said the new restrictions
are now stipulated in the application
forms that any Saudi wishing to marry
a foreign woman must present to
It also cited the Mecca police chief,
General Assaf al-Qurashi, conrm-
ing that the four countries have been
Moreover, the formalities for marry-
ing a foreigner have been toughened,
according to Makkah.
A man should be older than 25 to be
able to apply for a permit to marry a
foreigner. If recently divorced, he has to
wait six months before applying for the
licence, according to the newspaper.
If married, a Saudi man wishing to
take a foreign woman as a second wife
has to present proof that his rst wife
has cancer, is disabled or is unable to
have children, it said.
Saudi Arabia allows men to take
up to four wives, in accordance with
Islamic law. AFP
Mandalay journalists to
form union to ght for rights
Citing government oppression,
journalists in Mandalay are banding
together to form a union, organisers
said last week. Organising committee
member U Min Din, editor-in-chief of
Mandalay Khit, said a conference will
be convened in mid-August.
After that we will form the union.
We invite all journalists to participate
because journalists have been op-
pressed, and the union will help them,
he said.
The new body, to be known as the
Federal Journalists Union, will seek to
attract members from upper Myan-
mar. Organisers say it will work for
the development, defence and unity
of journalists, and it will invite experts
from abroad to provide advice.
A group like this should have been
formed long ago. If the union focuses
on journalism ethics then journalists
will be stronger. It will be great if the
union can bring practical results, said
editor U San Yu Kyaw of the Mandalay
branch ofce of Modern and Kumudra
journals. Maung Zaw, translation by
Thiri Min Htun
Little joy after Ramadan for
Muslims in Meiktilas camps
We have lost our
basic rights ... We
feel like we are in an
internment camp.
U Tin Maung Cho
Meiktila IDP camp resident
A Muslim woman reads the Koran in an IDP camp in Meiktila on June 30. Photo: AFP
Thousands live in ve IDP camps in a town badly damaged by communal violence in March 2013
News 13
NLD leader hails constitution
petitions fve million signatures
A man signs the NLDs petition in Yangon on May 28, a day after the campaign was launched. Photo: Zarni Phyo
Rakhine court
keeps Muslim
activist in jail
RIGHTS groups have condemned
the recent court ruling to extend
the trial and detention of the Mus-
lim lawyer and activist U Kyaw Hla
Aung as an afront to the rule of
law. Sittwe Distrct Court handed
down the ruling on August 4 to the
74-year-old, who is a senior gure
in the Sittwe Rohingya community
and has been held without bail
since July 15, 2013.
The arrest and detention of
Kyaw Hla Aung is part of a broad-
er campaign of persecution being
perpetrated against the Rohingya
ethnic minority in Myanmar, said
Matthew Smith, executive director
of the human rights monitoring
group Fortify Rights.
Fortify Rights said in an Au-
gust 5 statement that the central
government should immediately
intervene and release U Kyaw Hla
The case against him is com-
pletely without merit. His ongoing
detention violates his basic human
rights and is an afront to the rule
of law, Mr Smith said.
The charges against him stem
from an incident on April 26, 2013,
when a group of young Muslims
in the Boduba IDP camp refused
to ll out an immigration depart-
ment form that identied them as
Bengali. The situation escalated
to the point where the youths al-
legedly attacked several immigra-
tion police.
Shortly afterward U Kyaw Hla
Aung was arrested and accused of
inciting the group to attack the po-
lice. Many observers say the charg-
es are directly related to U Kyaw
Hla Aungs longstanding political
activism and legal assistance on
behalf of detained Muslims in Ra-
khine State.
The case has drawn consider-
able international attention, with
human rights groups like Fortify
Rights and Amnesty International,
as well as foreign ofcials such
as British Minister of State Hugo
Swire, calling for U Kyaw Hla
Aungs immediate release.
However, U Kyaw Hla Aungs
Yangon-based defence attorney
said some in Rakhine State are
equally determined to keep him in
Advocate U Hla Myo Myint said
that when he arrived in Sittwe to
visit U Kyaw Hla Aung in July 2013,
shortly after the arrest, he found
his hotel surrounded by an angry
crowd of protesters. Alerted to his
presence through Facebook, they
proceeded to hound him for the du-
ration of his visit to Rakhine State.
While the demonstration never
turned violent, U Hla Myo My-
int said members of the Rakhine
Nationalities Development Party
(RNDP) now known as the Ra-
khine National Party and local
monks joined hands around the
courthouse so that he could not
represent his client at trial.
Its not only one case. There are
many cases in Rakhine State in
Thandwe, Sittwe, and Maungdaw
every district court and town-
ship court. The RNDP wants to
inuence every case involving Ro-
hingya people.
Ofcials from the RNP, as well
as spokespersons for the Rakhine
State government, could not be
reached for comment last week.
Minister for the Presidents Of-
ce U Soe Thein, who leads the
Remaining Political Prisoner Scru-
tiny committee, and presidential
spokesperson U Ye Htut did not re-
spond to emailed questions about
the case.
U Bo Kyi, a former political
prisoner who now sits on the scru-
tiny committee, told The Myanmar
Times that he and other civilian
members have repeatedly raised U
Kyaw Hla Aungs case for discus-
sion, only to be told by the gov-
ernment side that cases involving
Muslims are too sensitive for the
committee to address.
U Kyaw Hla Aung is next due to
appear in court on August 18.
DAW Aung San Suu Kyi has hailed
the massive show of support for her
partys constitutional reform petition
as unprecedented in Myanmar history.
The National League for Democ-
racy said almost ve million people
signed the petition, which calls for
the removal of the militarys veto on
constitutional change through amend-
ments to section 436 and ran from
May 27 to July 19.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said the
large number of signatures meant the
petition had hit its target.
I dare say that there has never
been a case such as this, where ve
million people supported a movement
out of their own free will. This is rst
time in our countrys history, she told
reporters in Nay Pyi Taw.
She also responded to critics who
said the number of signatures was
low compared to those who voted
for the constitution at a referendum
in 2008, saying that the petition was
conducted transparently because the
NLD does not employ the stealth
tactics used by its opponents.
Those who signed the petition
had to provide extensive biographi-
cal data, including their National
Registration Card number. She said
this meant that many civil servants
had been unable to sign it because
ministers had threatened to take ac-
tion against them if they did. In one
case, the Ministry of Agriculture and
Irrigation reportedly issued memos
to its staf warning them not to at-
tend NLD rallies in Nay Pyi Taw or
sign the petition.
Translation by Zar Zar Soe
The case against
him is completely
without merit. His
ongoing detention
violates his basic
human rights.
Matthew Smith
Fortify Rights
Rights groups and international leaders have
decried the detention of lawyer U Kyaw Hla Aung
14 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Hluttaw stays silent on conflicts
AFTER the latest outbreak of inter-
religious violence between Buddhist
and Muslim communities in Manda-
lay subsided, President U Thein Sein
declared that the incident was incited
by an unknown group whose motives
remained unclear.
In his July 7 speech, the president
reiterated that his government would
not tolerate any eforts to encourage
violence and would take severe legal
action against those inciting hatred
and hostility.
The message was similar to that
which he delivered after other out-
breaks of violence. And in each case,
President U Thein Sein has been un-
able to pinpoint the actors behind
the blood-shedding in Rakhine State,
Mandalay Region, Shan State and
But his government is not the only
body unable or unwilling to come up
with answers. Elected parliamentari-
ans have rarely submitted any propos-
als aimed at halting religious conict
and sectarian violence, and ask few
questions of the governments eforts
to resolve the underlying causes of
the conicts and its apparent failure
to halt riots quickly and decisively.
Some hluttaw representatives told
The Myanmar Times in recent inter-
views that they have tried to submit
proposals on conict in their constit-
uencies. Instead of trying again, how-
ever, they have simply given up and
stopped asking questions.
Moreover, some representatives
do not want to ask the hard questions
because they are worried of creating
tension with fellow MPs who practise
a diferent religion or come from an-
other ethnic group.
I submitted a proposal in Feb-
ruary 2013 regarding the conict in
Rakhine State in 2012, said Dr Aye
Maung, an Amyotha Hluttaw rep-
resentative for Rakhine State. The
proposal was rejected because we are
a minority in the hluttaw. I did not
submit any further proposals. But
this case concerns the whole coun-
try its everybodys problem. The
government must do something if the
hluttaw submits proposals on it.
Thura U Aung Ko, the head of
the lower houses legal afairs, public
complaints and appeals committee,
said few MPs dare to talk about the
conicts because of the sensitivity
surrounding the issue and the strong-
ly divergent opinions inside and out-
side Myanmar.
This case is wedged between in-
ternational and national opinion, he
said, adding that he would consult
with other members of his committee
about how to address it.
It is a very important issue for
the country but I have to be silent for
now, he said.
U Win Htein, the Pyithu Hlut-
taw representative for Meiktila from
the National League for Democracy
(NLD), said that the fact that the par-
ty had not submitted any proposal on
the conict was not evidence that it
did not want to touch the issue. In-
stead, the NLD has issued statements
on the conicts and is collaborating
with local party members and monks
to defuse tensions when possible.
We are not hands-of about this
issue, he said. Once we hear about
incidents we send local members
to the spot at once and follow up
with public statements. We feel this
is more efective than submitting
proposals and asking questions in
the hluttaw. If we discuss this issue
in parliament we think there will be
more disputes and arguments ... Also,
we do not want our proposals to be
ignored, mocked or degraded.
Others cite the need to allow re-
gional governments to do their job.
Union Solidarity and Development
Party representative for Amarapura
township U Thein Tun Oo said that
he had not submitted proposals to
discuss the latest violence in Man-
dalay because the Mandalay Region
government was better placed to take
I will put up a proposal if I see
that the regional government takes
too long or acts weakly, said U Thein
Tun Oo, who is also a member of the
Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee. But
the chief minister is explaining what
is being done three or four times eve-
ry day.
Every hluttaw representative can
submit proposals and ask questions
in the hluttaw if it is in accord with
the regulations; there are no limits on
what can be discussed in the hluttaw
regarding religious conicts.
When journalists asked Pyidaung-
su Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe
Mann at a recent press conference
why the hluttaw had remained si-
lent on the conicts, he replied that
the parliament had limited power
to act unless asked to assist by the
The hluttaw will help to nd a so-
lution so that more conicts do not
erupt if the executive asks it to do
so, he said.
Ko Myo Yan Naung Thein, found-
er of the Bayda Institute, a Yan-
gon-based political science school,
agreed that the communal conicts
need to be handled carefully. How-
ever, he said it was wrong for par-
liament to simply stay out of the
debate and wash its hands of any
This is a case that can harm the
whole country, Ko Myo Yan Naung
Thein said. There are a lot of hands
involved in these conicts that can-
not be seen. If the hluttaw that stands
for people wont discuss this case,
what case will they discuss?
Translation by Thiri Min Htun
Buddhist residents ride motorcycles through the streets of Mandalay on July 4 after the funeral of a man killed in
communal violence two days earlier. Photo: Si Thu Lwin
Draft policy to tackle advertisements for sub-par products
THE Ministry of Information has
proposed new rules for advertising
aimed at cracking down on poor-qual-
ity products and fake promotions, but
sources in marketing and ad sales say
they may prove difcult to implement
and harm local businesses.
The draft advertising policy,
which the ministry released on July
3 with an invitation for public feed-
back, instructs media organisations
to accept only advertisements for
products or services that have been
certied by bodies such as the Inter-
national Organization for Standardi-
zation or Myanmars Food and Drug
Any statements or claims made in
advertising must also be veried be-
fore being printed or broadcast, while
ads should also include detailed infor-
mation on how to participate in any
promotional activities, such as compe-
titions. Advertisements for products
will also have to include an accurate
retail price.
Daw Thidar Tin, director general
of the ministrys Department of Infor-
mation and Public Relations, said the
policy was drafted in response to
public complaints on misleading
The purpose is to ensure the ad-
vertised price and actual market price
are the same and also that the prod-
ucts are of genuine quality, she said.
Weve seen cases where the adver-
tised prices are cheap but you cant
actually buy them for that price in the
market. And [advertisements] say the
buyers will get additional presents,
but they do not. We want to stop this
from happening.
The rules, which will apply to all
forms of media, including online, are
likely to be introduced this year after
public feedback has been received and
assessed, and will come into force in
April 2015.
Manufacturers and other busi-
nesses need time to prepare to follow
these rules for example, they might
need to improve the quality of their
products. Thats why we have set a gap
between the date we issue the rules
and when they come into force.
As well as those advertising prod-
ucts and services, the new policy could
pose a heavy burden for media organi-
sations, which would be responsible
for vetting ads. It may also nancially
harm print publications most gener-
ate the majority of their income from
advertising at a time when many in
the industry are already struggling to
As well as placing restrictions on
how products and services are adver-
tised, the draft would completely ban
the advertising of alcohol, tobacco,
gambling, unnatural therapies, pyra-
mid distribution schemes and fake
investments. It would also ban adver-
tisements from political organisations
if the content is not in line with exist-
ing laws.
Media organisations will be re-
quired to check educational providers
have a business licence from the Min-
istry of Education, while ads for medi-
cines, medical equipment or medi-
cal services can only be published or
broadcast with permission from the
Ministry of Health.
Advertisements for nancial ser-
vices and products have to disclose the
degree of risk involved for investors,
while non-commercial organisations,
such as NGOs, can advertise only if
they are formally registered with the
Ko Chanthar Oo, a deputy national
sales director at Myanmar Consolidat-
ed Media, publisher of The Myanmar
Times, said the policy would likely
hurt ad sales, at least in the short term.
If we have to ask for documents
such as quality certication, the price
of the product or permission from
the Ministry of Health if it is a medi-
cal product when we sell advertising
space, sales could go down, he said.
It will cause many difculties for
[our] customers. They have to pay
money for the advertisements and at
the same time they have to face these
checks, he said.
Others said the policy would im-
pact most on smaller local manufac-
turers, who are less likely to be able to
meet international standards. It may
also give international brands an edge
in the market.
I dont think the new policy will
afect established brands and products
because most already have those kinds
of certication, said Ko Wai Yan, a
manager at advertising rm Mango.
But smaller manufacturers could be
He said the policy is unlikely to af-
fect advertising spending.
Businesses need to advertise, he
said. If they can only advertise with
particular documents or accreditation
then they will try to get them.
U Hnin Oo, a central executive
committee member of the Union of
Myanmar Federation of Chambers of
Commerce and Industry, welcomed
the advertising policy on the grounds
it would protect consumers and help
them distinguish between products.
While agreeing it might pose difculties
for businesses initially, he said it should
be introduced as soon as possible.
It should not pose difculties for
honest businesses, he said. Setting
the real price actually just encourag-
es competition. Consumers can then
choose which to buy.
Daw Thidar Tin said most of the
draft advertising policy mirrored reg-
ulations in the Consumer Protection
Law, which was approved in March
and will come into force once by-laws
are enacted.
While the policy will not contain
any punishments, violations are likely
to be in breach of the Consumer Pro-
tection Law.
It will not be good for media or-
ganisations to accept advertisements
that are not in line with the Consumer
Protection Law, she said. So the me-
dia also need to know the dos and
donts to be on the safe side.
Parliamentarians have failed to speak out as one against the communal violence that has wracked Myanmar since 2012
The hluttaw will
help to nd a
solution so that
more conicts do
not erupt if the
executive asks it
to do so.
Thura U Shwe Mann
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw speaker
News 17
Thai govt expands temporary
migrant worker permit scheme
MIGRANT workers in Thailand can
now apply for two-month temporary
permits at special centres in all of
Thailands 76 provinces.
The one-stop service centres
also provide a state-mandated health
insurance card and a work permit
for a combined cost of 1305 baht
(about US$32).
The program, launched on June
30, will continue through to March
2015, said Thailands military gov-
ernment, the National Council for
Peace and Order.
While it ofers migrants a path-
way to legal employment, rights
groups believe the new system is too
expensive. Over the course of a year
a migrant will have to pay around
$200 on permits but the average
wage is just 180 baht ($6) a day, be-
low the mandated minimum of 300
baht ($10), the groups claim.
Migrant workers say they wel-
come the new system but some re-
ported that applying for the two-
month permits can be difcult, the
chair of the Joint Action Committee
for Burmese Afairs said.
Chiey, the process is compli-
cated, and the cost is still expen-
sive, said U Moe Gyo, whose ofce
is based in the Thai border town of
Mae Sot.
Since any Thai citizen can spon-
sor a migrant workers application,
even if they dont run a business, the
process is also prone to corruption,
labour rights groups say.
Daw Khin Nwe Oo, a deputy di-
rector general with the Ministry of
Labour, said that ofcials are con-
tinuing discussions with the Thai au-
thorities on the future of Myanmar
migrant workers in Thailand.
She said that while a bilateral
agreement is not expected until
about the end of the year, it would
ultimately ensure they are better
protected than under the current
Govt to get
another shot
at Korea loan
PYIDAUNGSU Hluttaw speaker
Thura U Shwe Mann has stepped
in to head of a potentially embar-
rassing rift with South Korea, after
MPs rejected a proposal to buy Ko-
rean-made farming machinery. The
proposal was put forward following
an agreement between President U
Thein Sein and South Koreas leader
Park Geun-hye.
But citing concerns about the
record of the Cooperatives Ministry,
which proposed the US$100 million
deal to the hluttaw, MPs voted it
down 245 to 220 on August 1.
The loan for the machinery
was being ofered to Myanmar at
a reduced annual interest rate of 2
percent, cut from 3.5pc following
the agreement between the two
After the vote, Thura U Shwe
Mann left the door open for the deal
to be approved at a later date. In an
unusual decision, he said the coop-
eratives ministry could resubmit the
proposal to parliament in the inter-
ests of fairness for all.
Minister for Cooperatives U
Kyaw Hsan earlier said experts
from the cooperatives and agricul-
ture ministries would attend an
exhibition of South Korean-made
agricultural machinery later this
month to examine the quality and
efciency of the oferings and their
suitability for Myanmars agricul-
tural conditions.
U Kyaw Hsan told parliament
the plan to buy the machines was
put forward after South Korean
President Park Geun-hye instructed
Daedong Industrial Company to of-
fer the machinery at a low interest
rate with the aim of promoting rela-
tions with Myanmar as well as to ex-
pand its involvement in Myanmars
South Korea wants to expand
its export businesses to Europe and
the United States via Thilawa and
Kyaukphyu deep-sea ports. Thats
why they cut the interest rate from
3.5 percent to 2pc, he said.
He told reporters that he would
try again to seek parliamentary ap-
proval for the deal.
I will submit the proposal again
after amendments have been made
in the light of discussions, he said,
before reiterating that leaders of
both countries are rmly behind the
But some representatives said
they would oppose the loan on the
grounds that the ministry was over-
stepping its responsibilities.
Cooperatives concerns com-
munity programs the ministry
shouldnt do business deals, said
Daw Tin Nwe Oo, a Pyithu Hluttaw
representative for North Dagon. I
object to the proposal because it not
a loan, it is more like business.
Other members said that while
they may support the loan they did
not want to make a hasty decision.
It is very hard to make an as-
sessment and give approval in a sin-
gle day, said Daw Khin Mwe Lwin,
the representative for Minkin.
U Aye Mauk from the Joint Pro-
jects and Financial Development
Committee said a clearer evalua-
tion of the price and quality of the
products was needed to make an
Before we make an agreement,
there should be some negotiating
on the price. If [South Korea] knows
parliament has approved the pur-
chase, they will not want to reduce
the price. The proposal should be
submitted to the parliament after
negotiating with them, he said.
Representative U Hla Swe said
the reputation of the ministry and
cooperatives more generally was
likely the major reason behind the
reluctance to approve the deal.
If the Ministry of Cooperatives
handles it, it wont be a complete
success, he said. Maybe it would
have been approved if the minister
proposed it in 1974.
The South Korean embassy in
Yangon did not respond to requests
for comment last week.
Translation by Zar Zar Soe
Maybe it would
have been approved
if the minister
proposed it in 1974.
U Hla Swe
Amyotha Hluttaw representative
Second survey of Ayeyarwady planned
a detailed picture of the state of the
Ayeyarwady River in a three-month
survey covering 14 points along its
course. The survey is the second of
its kind, an ofcial from environ-
mental group Sein Yaung So said last
Both local and international en-
vironmental experts will take part in
the survey, whose results will be pre-
sented to the government and publi-
cised, secretary Ko Maung Maung Oo
Last year, we conducted the rst
survey over a six-month period. This
survey will cover three months. First,
we will provide training in Mandalay
for the local representatives from the
sites. Then we will start the project,
he said.
The survey will be carried out by
Mandalay-based Sein Yaung So and
the Renewable Energy Association
Myanmar from Yangon with the help
of Thailand-based environmental
protection group MEE Net.
Some residents from the survey
coverage sites will be given short-
term training in Mandalay and will
work together with the organisations
to conduct the survey.
The 14 sites include Ayeyarwady
tributaries, such as the Maykha River,
Moegaung Stream and Shweli River,
and locations in Mandalay, Magwe,
Bago and Ayeyarwady Regions.
The survey will be comprehen-
sive and fully publicised. The gov-
ernment will get to learn everything
about the river without having to
use their funds ... We will make sure
no facts are hidden, said Ko Maung
Maung Oo.
The survey will cover deforesta-
tion, the consequences of extracting
natural resources, changing water
quality due to discarded polluted wa-
ter, erosion and the efects on the cul-
ture of villages along the river.
Translation by Myat Su Mon Win
A labourer from Myanmar takes a break from sorting fish unloaded from a trawler
at a port in Pattani, southern Thailand. Photo: AFP
News 19
Second protest to be held in
support of detained minister
ANOTHER protest in the Ayeyar-
wady delta in support of former Min-
ister for Religious Afairs U San Sint
was scheduled to take place over the
weekend, organisers said.
U San Sint was sacked on June 19
and initially charged with misusing
public funds and abetment. A sedi-
tion charge was added on July 22.
However, the government said
that he was sacked because of his de-
ance of the president rather than for
committing criminal ofences.
A former Ayeyarwady Region
Hluttaw speaker, U San Sint com-
mands a loyal following in the delta
because of his handling of land dis-
putes in 2011 and 2012.
The protest will be held in De-
daye from 10:30am on August 9 and
organiser U Aung Kyaw San said
more than 100 people are expected to
The situation for Ba San Sint is
going from bad to worse. We are ex-
pecting the Union government would
listen to and respect the publics voice
but they didnt. They even added more
charges against him, he said.
It is nature that you cant win
love from all people. We have no idea
of who is against him but we love him
and are expecting the government to
do something good about his case.
The protest is the second held in
support of the former general. The
rst took place in the state capital
Pathein on July 1.
Protest organiser U Tun Tun Oo, a
member of the Human Right Watch
and Defend Network, was charged
under section 18 of the peaceful pro-
test law following the demonstration
because police said they did not give
permission for it to take place.
Ayeyarwady Region residents protest against the arrest of U San Sint in the state capital Pathein on July 1. Photo: Thiri
Pirates of the
terrorise port
RIVER pirates are running ram-
pant on moored boats in Mandalay
but ship owners and workers are
too afraid to report cases to police
or the media, sources in the area
Two weeks ago, a group of
women sleeping on board a ship
docked on the Ayeyarwady River
in Mandalays Chan Aye Thar San
township were targeted by the
There are many ships dock-
ing at this time of year so robbers
are particularly active, said a ship
owner, who asked not to be named
for fear of retribution.
One of the women shouted
for help and was attacked by the
group, sufering injuries to her
head and chest after being hit by
an object red with a slingshot.
The attack has had a chilling ef-
fect on river workers, who are now
too afraid to inform the authorities
when a robbery occurs.
The girl had left the ship
and said she would inform the po-
lice. Now nobody dares to speak
about the pirates because they
attack those who report them to
the newspapers, said another lo-
cal source, who asked to remain
Eight batteries from another
ship were stolen on the same
morning, the source said.
Witnesses say the attackers,
who travel in groups of four to six
and carry knives and other home-
made weapons, usually arrive by
boat. According to ship owners,
they are from villages near the
town of Sagaing.
I see them regularly in the eve-
nings but dont dare catch them
because they are so unruly, one
witness said.
Daw Tin Tin Mar, the Manda-
lay Region Hluttaw representative
for Chan Aye Thar San 2, said she
would raise the issue in the region-
al parliament.
I will make a report about it
when the regional parliament re-
sumes and submit a letter to the
speaker during the parliamentary
break, she said.
One ship owner said robberies
occur frequently in Mayanchan,
Bawka Bala and Daewon ports in
Mandalay and near Shan Lay Kyun
in Amapura township.
In early March, 19 members of
a gang accused of stopping and
robbing vessels on the Ayeyar-
wady River were arrested south of
The groups acts earned it the
name Ayeyarwady Somali, a ref-
erence to the Somali pirates that
prowl the Indian Ocean.
Its notoriety quickly attracted
the attention of regional police,
who managed to arrest members
of the group near Amarapura
townships Shangalay Kyun village
on March 7.
More than 100 police ofcers
took part in the raid on the hide-
outs, with 10 men and nine women
taken into custody.
Translation by Zar Zar Soe
Despite arrests in March, armed gangs continue
to prowl the Ayeyarwady River in Mandalay and
victims are too scared of retribution to speak out
Now nobody dares
to speak about the
pirates because
they attack those
who report them to
the newspapers.
Ayeyarwady River resident
20 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Leading Buddhist group
under corruption cloud
LEADERS of a century-old organisation
central to the countrys independence
struggle are mired in conict, leading
to the expulsion of central executive
committee members and the launching
of an inquiry into alleged corruption.
A tribunal has been set up to look
into the allegations of misconduct at
the prestigious Young Mens Buddhist
Association (YMBA), founded in 1906,
which played a historic role in resist-
ing British colonialism.
The [general administration de-
partment] of east Yangon district
summoned us following their receipt
of certain information, and we had a
discussion, said U Thaung Win, the
associations general secretary.
The ve-member tribunal is led by
the deputy head of the department
for east Yangon district, and other
district-level ofcials from the police
force and immigration department.
The inquiry was launched in
response to complaints made by
a former vice president of the as-
sociation, U Thein Lwin, and three
ex-members of the central executive
committee, U Myat Soe (Hlaing), U
Aye Myint and U Soe Shein.
The allegations concern such mat-
ters as the registration of two SIM
cards valued at K500,000, the pur-
chase of a used car for K30 million,
tampering with the results of exams
administered by the association and
the use of association funds for the
travel of family members.
We explained all the issues to the
tribunal, which will now issue its nd-
ings in a report, said U Thaung Win.
The allegations reect serious ar-
guments among CEC members that
resulted in the expulsion of U Thein
Lwin and three of the 23 committee
members, who say their expulsion vio-
lated the associations principles.
Our work for the association was
unpaid. We were just trying to clear
up the corrupt conduct and mess from
a body that was established in 1906
by progressive university students to
ght the colonial government, said U
Myat Soe (Hlaing).
General secretary U Thaung Win
responded, They [the complainants]
were just blaming us without doing
any work. The CEC decided to expel
them because they were harming the
associations prestige.
The conict has caused the post-
ponement of the associations annual
conference. We were to have held the
conference in June but we had to post-
pone it at the request of the authori-
ties, said U Thaung Win.
U Myat Soe (Hlaing) said all asso-
ciation activities have stopped. The
association doesnt have any work to
do now because the authorities have
halted all their activities, he said. No
meetings have been held since June
22, and the ban remains in force pend-
ing further instructions.
Since independence, the Young
Mens Buddhist Association has per-
formed purely religious functions.
Association patron U Khin Maung
Lay (Pho Thauk Kyar), who is also
vice chair of the Interim Press Coun-
cil, said he hoped its prestige could be
sustained. Many agree that the YMBA
pioneered political activity in Myan-
mar, he said. I want to see it remain
an organisation of high prestige and
We had to postpone
[our annual
conference] at
the request of the
U Thaung Win
YMBA general secretary
Ayeyarwady River
level rises in Mandalay
THE level of the Ayeyarwady River
at Mandalay has declined slightly
after a rapid rise during the month
of July, but ofcials say it could still
reach its danger point.
Between July 10 and July 28 the
river rose from 952 centimetres to
1035cm, although this is still below
its danger point of 1260cm, said U
Than Win Hlaing, an ofcial from
the No 3 river water guard ofce in
Chan Aye Thar San township.
As of August 6, the water level
had fallen to 838cm, although U
Than Win Hlaing said that the
water level was playing games and
could rise up again in this month.
Because there will be more rain
in upper Myanmar and there is al-
ready much water in lower Myan-
mar, the Ayeyarwady River water
level could rise up further, he said.
If the water level reaches its dan-
ger point, boats will rise to the level
of Strand Road, which runs paral-
lel to the waterfront. The ooding
normally afects riverside busi-
nesses and leads to trafc jams on
Strand Road. The rising water level
can also erode the riverbank, forc-
ing some villages to relocate further
away from the river.
In 2013, the river peaked at
1277cm on September 15, U Than
Win Hlaing said.
Workers and passengers walk by Mandalays Gaw Wein jetty on the
Ayeyarwady River on July 28. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw
District administration department has launched investigation into YMBA dispute
ABOUT 200 politicians, pro-democra-
cy activists, students and monks gath-
ered at two sites in Yangon on August
8 to mark the 26
anniversary of the
1988 uprising.
At Mahabandoola Park in down-
town Yangon, participants marched
around the park and observed a
minutes silence for the dead. They
then painted an 8-by-8-foot square in
red paint on the street at the corner
of the park.
Activists said the square was meant
to represent the voice of the people,
and anyone could shout their desired
message at it without fear. They said
that it was needed because despite
reforms in Myanmar many people
still feel unable to express themselves
openly. A ceremony was also held at
Damapiya Monastery in Thingangyun
Political leaders said in speeches
at the ceremonies that the goals of
the 1988 uprising were as relevant to
Myanmar today as they were 26 years
U Aye Thar Aung, leader of the Ra-
khine National Party, said the current
goals of eradicating tyranny, achieving
nationwide ceasere and peace, culti-
vating democratic norms and cultures,
and establishing a federal union were
the heritage of 1988.
We have to put our utmost efort
into achieving those goals, he added.
U Tin Oo, patron of the National
League for Democracy, linked the 1988
uprising to the partys campaign to
amend section 436 of the constitution,
telling attendees that removing the
military veto on constitutional change
is necessary to achieve the purpose of
the 88 uprising.
U Min Ko Naing, leader of the 88
Generation Peace and Open Society,
said that ensuring the rights of ethnic
minorities was as important, if not
more important, than strengthening
democratic institutions.
They are like a persons chest and
back. They can neither be separated
nor ignored. They must be promoted
together, he said.
US ambassador Derek Mitchell
said in a statement that August 8
represented a tragic day in the mod-
ern history of this country, a day of
bloodshed and sacrice for those who
marched for change.
Even as the tragedy of this day
should never be forgotten, so should
it also serve as a reminder of the dan-
gers of division, and the important
work that remains here to realise the
goal of building a peaceful democ-
racy dedicated to human rights, equal
justice and dignity for all, he said.
Launched by university students
on August 8, 1988, the uprising spread
throughout the country and saw hun-
dreds of thousands of people march
against the socialist government.
The uprising ended on September
18, when the military launched a coup,
set up the State Law and Order Res-
toration Council and cracked down
on protesters. Some estimates put the
number of deaths at 3000, while the
authorities claimed only 350 people
were killed.
22 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Traffc boss calls for tougher punishments
A NAY Pyi Taw trafc police ofcial
says community road safety awareness
programs have so far had little impact
on the number of accidents occurring
in the capital.
He suggested that stifer punish-
ments are needed to stem the rising
number of accidents.
We need to take hard action,
Nay Pyi Taw Supervisory Committee
for Trafc Rules Enforcement chair
U Saw Hla said last week. A driver
will not be scared if they face court
and are only given a ne, not a jail
In the rst half of this year there
were 174 accidents resulting in 29
deaths and 180 injuries in the Nay Pyi
Taw region. A further 1131 drivers were
prosecuted for infringements.
Translation by Khant Lin Oo
Govt to receive foreign
loans for road repairs
THE Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has ap-
proved a US$80 million loan from
the Asian Development Bank (ADB)
to upgrade the Maubin-Pyapon road
in Ayeyarwady Region, and could get
another $120 million for a road in
Kachin State.
The 54.5-kilometre (34-mile) road
was severely damaged by Cyclone
Nargis in 2008 and urgently needs
upgrading as it is prone to ood-
ing in rainy season, the Joint Public
Accounts Committee reported last
It is also not built to withstand
the heavy trucks that are currently
using it to transport commodities
between the two delta towns.
The road will be widened from 5.5
metres (18 feet) to 10.2m (33.5 feet),
while the surface will be raised at
least 1m (3.3 feet) from its current
The project, which is expect-
ed to run from 2015 to 2018, will
cost an estimated $80.8 million,
with $800,000 coming from the
Factoring in the 32-year repay-
ment period and 1.5 percent annual
interest rate, the construction cost
will be about $3.38 million per mile,
MPs were told.
Minister for Construction U Kyaw
Lwin said the ministry would put the
project out to tender. International
rms interested in taking on the pro-
ject will be required to work with a
local partner.
The ministry will receive techni-
cal assistance on managing the pro-
ject from the ADB, he added.
Meanwhile, India has ofered a
US$120 million loan to upgrade the
Myitkina-Putao road, which has de-
teriorated badly because the conict
in Kachin State made maintenance
work impossible.
U Kyaw Lwin revealed details of
the loan to a session of the Pyidaung-
su Hluttaw last week.
The Cabinet Secretary of India
arrived in Myanmar yesterday and
had discussions with the ministry
of National Planning and Economic
Development. Our representatives
also took part in the discussions, U
Kyaw Lwin said on August 1.
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw representa-
tive Daw Dwe Bu, who represents In-
jangyang in Kachin State, told MPs
the time was right to repair infra-
structure in Kachin State, but added
that the government should also fo-
cus attention on roads in Chin and
Shan states.
As Kachin State is showing signs
of peace, the government should up-
grade the Myitkyina-Putao road to
win peoples trust and support, she
I havent asked for anything
[for my constituency] in four years
because our region is unstable. And
I know that they will say it will be
given when our region is stable, she
U Kyaw Lwin said work on the
road could not begin immediately
because the region is still not sta-
ble enough but he said the upgrade
would begin soon. Translation by
Thiri Min Htun and Zar Zar Soe
ADB, India to provide funds for repairs in Ayeyarwady Region and Kachin State
Amount of US dollar loans proposed by
the ADB and India for road upgrades
Hundreds gather for 8888 anniversary ceremony
Even as the tragedy
of this day should
never be forgotten,
so should it also
serve as a reminder
of the dangers of
Derek Mitchell
US ambassador to Myanmar
Activists hold bouquets with the Myanmar number for 8 at a ceremony in downtown Yangon on August 8. Photo: Zarni Phyo
NOTICE is hereby given that Casio Keisanki Kabushiki Kaisha
(Casio Computer Co., Ltd.) a company organized under the laws
of Japan and having its principal ofce at 6-2, Hon-machi 1-chome,
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the
following trademarks:-
(Reg. No. IV/7539/2014)
In respect of :- Horological and chronometric instruments;
watches; clocks; wrist watches; electric watches and clocks;
electronic watches and clocks; parts and fttings thereof; wrist
watches having a function of transmitting and receiving data to
and from an electronic personal organizer, mobile phones and
a personal computer; autonomous radio controlled watches;
stopwatches; cases for clock and watch-making; watch bands and
straps; dials for clock and watch-making; clock and watch hands;
watch faces; watch movements; watch glasses; watch chains; watch
boxes; watch pouches. Class: 14
Retail services connected with the sale of clocks and watches,
electronic watches and clocks, including wrist watch, table clocks
and autonomous radio controlled watches. Class: 35
(Reg. No. IV/7540/2014) (Reg. No. IV/7541/2014)
(Reg. No. IV/7542/2014) (Reg. No. IV/7543/2014)
(Reg. No. IV/7544/2014) (Reg. No. IV/7545/2014)
Te above six trademarks are in respect of:-
Same goods in Class 14 shown under trademark G-FACTORY
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said trademarks
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Casio Keisanki Kabushiki Kaisha
(Casio Computer Co., Ltd.)
P.O. Box No. 60, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August 2014
News 23
Electrical safety campaign
launched in Mandalay
Mandalay Regions Electricity
Distribution Enterprise will hand
out pamphlets to the public warning
about the dangers of electrocution,
deputy manager U Sein Win Myint
said last week.
The pamphlets will be given to
households and businesses together
with electricity bills, he said.
Mostly, people are electrocuted
because they use poor-quality elec-
trical devices in their home that have
no safety mechanisms and are not
properly maintained, he said.
U Sein Win Myint said the vast ma-
jority of incidents reported are fatal.
From the start of 2010 to June 2014,
110 people died due to electrocution
in Mandalay Region.
He conceded that his depart-
ment also lacks the staff to ensure
infrastructure is properly maintained,
which can also lead to increased
safety issues.
If anyone notices an electric-
ity problem, he said, they should
contact our department.
Than Naing Soe
Mechanics to get training
to x new cars
Long used to dealing with rust-bucket
Toyotas that would in most other
countries have been condemned to
the furnace, Yangons mechanics are
struggling to cope with the inux of
newer vehicles.
Help is on the way, however. Myan-
mar Engineering Society has launched
a training program designed to up-
grade mechanics skills so they know
how to repair the electronic systems in
todays vehicles.
Twenty years ago our mechanics
could repair all vehicles, but then the
technology started changing As a
result, today you can see many newer
cars stopped on the side of the road
or getting towed by another car, My-
anmar Engineering Society director U
Win Khine said at the launch ceremony.
Courses will run for three months
and cost K70,000. Students will be
taught how to do maintenance using a
Toe Wai Aung, translation by Khant
Lin Oo
Maubin to
host national
CSO forum
A FORUM bringing together activ-
ists and civil society organisations
working on issues as varied as the
environment, the shing industry,
youth development and public ser-
vices will be held in Ayeyarwady
Region next month.
At least three individual activ-
ists from each township and two
from each state or region have been
invited to the CSO Forum in Mau-
bin township on September 6-7, the
organisers said. Government of-
cials have also been invited.
U Than Htike Aung, a forum
spokesperson, said experts from
CSOs will share their experiences
and chair debates.
The aim of the forum is to im-
prove cooperation and coordina-
tion among CSOs throughout the
country. There are many CSOs but
we know only those in our region
and need to know each other to
work together, he said.
He said it would also help to
clarify the role CSOs can play in
Myanmars development.
I feel confused about the role
of CSOs. Although the president
appreciates and encourages our
contributions, there are restrictions
[on our work]. We need to raise our
voices, he added.
A summary of the discussions,
forum handouts and participants
contact details will be published
and distributed after the event, U
Than Htike Aung said.
In July, parliament approved
the Association Registration Law,
which makes it signicantly eas-
ier and cheaper for civil society
groups to formally register. The
law was drafted and amended with
extensive input from civil society
A group of young journalists distributes donations in a remote
area of Mandalay Region at the start of Buddhist Lent. They
collected more than K1.1 million as well as goods valued at
K400,000 as oferings at Mt Sein Kha Nauk on August 3. The
area, in the Nwar La Boe range in Patheingyi township, is about
900 metres (3000 feet) above sea level and residents have few
economic opportunities because of the poor transportation.
Si Thu Lwin and Hlaing Kyaw Soe
Each township will be represented at September 6-7
forum in Ayeyarwady Region town, organisers say
24 News THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
The message John Kerry must
give to Myanmars leaders
US Secretary of State John Kerry
arrived in Myanmars capital Nay Pyi
Taw on August 9 for a three-day visit.
The chief diplomat was scheduled to
meet government leaders and attend
a series of meetings, including the
ASEAN Regional Forum and East Asia
In Myanmar, the Obama admin-
istration has taken several initiatives
to strengthen bilateral ties, including
the lifting of sanctions and upgrading
the most senior position at the US em-
bassy in Yangon to ambassador level.
In November-December 2011,
then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
visited Myanmar, the rst such trip by
the top US diplomat in more than half
a century. It was followed by Barack
Obamas historic visit in November the
following year, the rst by a sitting US
Many have hailed the Obama
administrations engagement policy.
In his speech to graduates of the West
Point military academy on May 28, Mr
Obama claimed reforms in Myanmar
as one of the foreign policy successes
of his presidency.
However, Mr Obamas interpre-
tation of diplomatic success is not
pleasantly received in the US Congress.
Citing a growing list of human rights
violations, the chair of the House
Foreign Afairs Committee, Ed Royce,
on July 9 called for a range of new
punitive measures, including visa bans
and an end to US-Myanmar military
cooperation. He even suggested the US
should consider re-imposing economic
It is time that we take of the
rose-coloured glasses and see the
situation in Burma for what it is ...
We cannot continue to lavish more
incentives on the government of
Burma in hopes that it will do the
right thing, Mr Royce said.
In light of recent developments,
one logical question is: What mes-
sage must John Kerry bring to the
Myanmar leadership, especially given
President Obama will visit the country
in November?
Besides promoting US national and
security interests, there are at least
four important issues the secretary of
state needs to discuss with Myanmars
First, it is clear that the simmer-
ing tension between Muslims and
U Shwe Mann directs PR drama
PEOPLE can be forgiven for reading
articles about the Pyithu Hluttaws
decision on the proposed change to
proportional representation, or PR,
with a sense of bewilderment. The
discussion was widely covered in
state-owned newspapers and private
daily and weekly publications. But in
each publication, the proposal was
given diferently.
For instance, Daily Eleven stated
that the proposed introduction of
proportional representation has
been approved in the Pyithu Hluttaw
despite opposition from NLD and
ethnic MPs. 7-Day Daily said that
the Pyithu Hluttaw approved the
formation of a committee to adopt a
suitable electoral system instead of
approving the PR system. The state-
run newspapers stated U Aung Zins
proposal and said that the hluttaw
approved to form a commission on
the proposal.
It is not unusual that reporters
lack clarity in their writing but
in this case there was clearly
major confusion among even the
protagonists about the exact wording
of the proposal. Due to this confusion,
the video and audio record had to be
checked for the rst time since the
hluttaw convened in January 2011.
On July 24, Pazundaung
parliamentarian U Aung Zin from the
National Democratic Force proposed
that the Pyithu Hluttaw make a plan
to be able to set an electoral system
for the Pyithu Hluttaw that is suitable
for Myanmar.
While he didnt exactly say
proportional representation system,
in introducing his proposal he urged
fellow MPs to adopt proportional
representation in the seven Bamar-
dominated regions but keep the
existing rst-past-the-post system in
the seven minority-dominated states,
and to form a commission to handle
the change. Intense debate raged in
the hluttaw on July 24 and 25.
However, before the third day of
discussions, it was discovered that the
text of U Aung Zins proposal on the
agenda distributed to MPs had been
changed. Instead, it said to make a
plan to set an electoral method based
on proportional representation that
can ensure democracy and will be
suitable with the Union of Myanmar
for Pyithu Hluttaw constituencies.
The word proportional
representation is clearly included
in this version. Neither U Aung
Zin nor speaker Thura U Shwe
Mann explained why the text of the
proposal had been changed. When
NLD MP Daw Khin Htay Kywe asked,
they blamed each other.
U Aung Zin said that his rst
proposal had been withdrawn,
amended and submitted again.
However, Thura U Shwe Mann
said that the proposal mentioning
proportional representation had
been submitted on June 5 with U
Aung Zins signature. He didnt say
anything about the proposal stated
two days earlier. However, he said
that he was ultimately responsible for
the mishap and assured MPs that he
had made the required admonition
to ofce members, a reference to the
hluttaw ofce administrative staf.
He never explained how the
proposal found its way on to the
agenda two days earlier but he
decided that debate would proceed
using the proposal that clearly
stated proportional representation,
prompting further intense debate.
Finally, when the time came to vote
on the motion, Thura U Shwe Mann
told the NDF representative to repeat
his proposal. But, like magic, it had
become, To form a commission to
set an electoral method based on
proportional representation that
can ensure democracy and will be
suitable with the Union of Myanmar
for Pyithu Hluttaw constituencies.
This is the point where to form a
commission was added.
It was time to vote. Those against
the proposal were to stand to show
their opposition. Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi asked which proposal they were
voting for: to U Aung Zins original
proposal? To form a commission? She
said it was unclear.
Thura U Shwe Mann then
spoke at length, saying that he
could not decide whether to adopt
proportional representation so a
commission of experts should make
a recommendation. If the hluttaw
approved the recommendation, it
would draft a law to submit to the
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.
His nal words were, Does the
hluttaw agree to form a commission
to set a suitable electoral voting
system for Myanmar in regard to U
Aung Zins proposal? He asked three
times and MPs answered, Yes, we
do, three times. Thura U Shwe Mann
then announced that U Aung Zins
proposal had been approved. Because
of his explanation, Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi and other MPs didnt vote
against it and it was approved
without objection.
However, his words only muddied
the waters further. We can only
assume that the nal proposal is a
proposal that Thura U Shwe Mann
submitted after he himself had
amended it. But then we get the
problem: he announced after the
vote that U Aung Zins proposal is
While that settled the issue in the
hluttaw, it is likely to drag on outside
parliament for some time. Following
the session, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
said, We support the proposal that
the hluttaw speaker said, not U Aung
Zins proposal. We will all sign and
submit formally to the hluttaw that
we support the proposal that the
speaker said.
Its not surprising that so many
people were confused about what had
taken place. Thura U Shwe Mann is a
director, calling the shots on how the
story of proportional representation
reaches his desired conclusion.
Translation by Thiri Min Htun
There was clearly
major confusion
among even the
protagonists about
the exact wording of
the proposal.
Journalists protest against government oppression in Mandalay on July 19. Photo: Si Thu Lwin
Mr Kerry must
convey a message
to Myanmars
leadership that
equality of rights
must be protected
and safeguarded.
ITS good news week. You may re-
member the hit song of that name by
the British pop group, Hedgehoppers
Anonymous. A one-hit wonder, the
group soon lapsed into well-deserved
anonymity, but the song remains
catchy, especially today when the
news seems an endless stream of
death and destruction. The media
constantly urges us to watch or read
about this horrendous carnage when
all we want to do is ee from it all.
Well, this region is blessed with
many little known hideaways that
can satisfy pretty well all our escapist
desires. Here are a few of them.
Bac Lieu, Vietnam
Southeast of Ho Chi Minh City, this
coastal town was once part of the
Khmer Empire and is now home to
the elegant Cong Tu Bac Lieu (Prince
of Bac Lieu) House. Room 101, the
Princes Suite, was used by a notori-
ous playboy, Tran Trinh Huy, who
had four wives and countless mis-
tresses. Indeed, Bac Lieu is known as
Vietnams district for debauchery
and naturally you must reserve well
in advance and pay a heftier rate to
stay in his room.
After settling in and romanc-
ing, head out to the famous bird
sanctuary and climb the tower for a
stunning view over the woodlands
and the elds of storks and herons.
Then continue to the mangrove
coast where a long spindly pier leads
to a restaurant and bar platform. Let
tranquil sundowners cement your
Rangamati, Bangladesh
About three hours from coastal
Chittagong, Rangamati lies in the
Hill Tracts bordering Myanmar.
Chugging up from the sweaty, trafc-
choked city through the cool verdant
woodlands is an ever-pleasing relief.
The town sits beside the opaline
Kaptai Lake, formed by a dam built
in the 1960s, which displaced many
Chakma tribal people. But they
resettled in thatched shing villages
along the shoreline and it is hard to
conceive of a better ight from to-
days news than taking a boat across
the lake to visit the villages.
Back in Rangamati, the best place
to watch sunset is the rooftop bar of
the Press Club, sipping a cold aperitif;
the world cannot touch you there.
Torajaland, Indonesia
Its a 10-hour bus journey from
Makassar, the capital of Sulawesi, to
Tana Toraja, or Torajaland, but it is
well worth the efort and the scenery
en route is spectacular. The main
town of Rantepao is nothing special,
but the surrounding area certainly
is, with its sailboat-like houses and
unique burial sites.
The Toraja people believe the
dead can take their possessions to
the next world and so they are bur-
ied with valuable items and dressed
in nery. Faced with outbreaks of
grave plundering, however, they
began carving burial holes in clif
faces and they placed large wooden
efgies of the deceased on a ledge
outside. These rows of colourful,
lifelike efgies lining the white clif
faces around the town are startling.
They are a reminder of the power of
the spiritual world and impart a cu-
riously tranquil sense of perspective
on the worlds distant violence.
Battambang, Cambodia
Most tourists go to Siem Reap to
see Angkor Wat, then continue to
Phnom Penh for the temples and
museums, but few head to historic
Battambang. Their loss is your gain.
On arrival, head to La Villa, a
1930s seven-room guesthouse on the
far side of the Sangker River. After
the Khmer Rouge nightmare, this co-
lonial mansion became the quarters
for the Vietnamese Army, then it was
given to a Cambodian general and
nally a young expat couple restored
its former charm and beauty.
At dusk, you can hike of to see
the swarms of bats and the pagodas
outside town, but for the perfect re-
lease just amble around and savour
the old colonial buildings. And check
out the Provincial Museum: its small
and disorganised, but there are
some ne Khmer statues from the
pre-Angkor and Angkor period and
theres rarely anyone else there. Then
head back to La Villa for some of the
best cuisine in the region.
Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
Its hard to know where to begin
when talking about Rabaul, the
phoenix-like town at the top of
PNGs New Britain province. Its
unique beauty stems from the fact
that most of it was coated in black
volcanic ash after the eruption of Mt
Tavurvur 20 years ago. What sur-
vives is like a living movie set, whose
throbbing epicentre is the Rabaul
Hotel, resplendent amid the alien
ash. Stay there or regret it forever.
As a convivial escape from the
mad world, it has no equal. Also,
of course, visit the volcanic sites,
the skeleton of the Japanese Betty
Bomber, Admiral Yamamotos bun-
ker, the Rabaul Museum, the New
Guinea Club and Tavui Point. If at all
possible, also try to see the famous
Baining re dancers who wear huge
bark-cloth masks and skip through
ery bonres deep in the dark jungle.
Mawlamyine, Myanmar
Oddly, this gorgeous city formerly
known as Moulmein tends to be
bypassed by most tourists who head
of pronto to Bagan and Inle Lake.
But the Mon capital is an escape-
seekers jewel. Just amble up to the
hill-top pagoda and listen to the bells
tinkle while gazing out over the con-
uence of the rivers with all the little
white temples pushing out from the
surrounding hills. Its hypnotic.
Then, for something diferent,
drive over the long bridge to Mot-
tama, skirt round to the old disused
railway station, and then walk up
the lane opposite until you reach a
tall cenotaph-type stupa. It may be
unique in Myanmar, for, high up on
each of its four sides, there is a large
star-enclosed hammer-and-sickle
icon. There is no date but it was
presumably built during U Ne Wins
early socialist period. Continuing
on, the view from the top of the hill
is magic, and you are not jostled by
crowds of Lonely Planeteers or in-
deed anyone at all. It is the ultimate
escape and its so near.
News 25
The message John Kerry must
give to Myanmars leaders
Buddhists in Rakhine State has now
spread to other parts of the country.
The latest incident was a four-day
spell of violence in Mandalay in early
July that was sparked by allegations
that a Buddhist woman was raped by
her Muslim employers. The riot led to
the deaths of two people a Buddhist
and a Muslim and at least 14 being
The latest violence was largely a
consequence of religious intolerance
coupled with elements of religious
extremism. Mr Kerry must convey
a message to Myanmars leadership
that equality of rights, including the
right to freedom of religion, must be
protected and safeguarded.
On July 10, a court in Pakokku
handed down 10-year prison terms
to ve journalists from local weekly
Unity under the 1923 State Secrets Act,
prompting Amnesty International to
describe it as a dark day for freedom
of expression.
There is growing concern and anxi-
ety within the media fraternity over
the governments actions. Mr Kerry
should reiterate the essentiality of free
and independent media in a
democratic transition and the consoli-
dation of democracy.
Third, President U Thein Seins gov-
ernment has not only reached cease-
re agreements with almost all major
ethnic armed groups but has also been
engaged in peace talks in an attempt
to address the decades-old demand of
ethnic minorities for autonomy under
a federal system of government.
Given these issues are the fun-
damental reason behind decades
of armed conict, Mr Kerry should
press the U Thein Sein government
for a permanent solution. The Obama
administration should show its sincere
commitment to the peaceful resolution
of the conicts, including by ofering
to join the peace if both sides agree.
Fourth, preparation for the 2015
general election has unofcially begun
with the National League for Democra-
cy (NLD) demanding the amendment
of Article 436 of the 2008 constitution,
which gives the military the power to
veto constitutional change.
In May the NLD and the 88
Generation Peace and Open Society
launched a 54-day nationwide signa-
ture campaign calling for its amend-
ment. NLD leader Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi has also personally appealed to the
international community for support.
The Obama administration had
earlier expressed its support for con-
stitutional change. Mr Kerry needs to
convey the US governments willing-
ness to assist the Myanmar govern-
ment to ensure that the upcoming
election is free and fair and meets
international electoral standards.
The US government should use its
economic, political and even military
leverage in the interests of a smooth
democratic transition and the consoli-
dation of democracy in Myanmar.
Nehginpao Kipgen is a political scientist
whose works have been widely published
in Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe and North
America. His latest academic article,
Ethnicity in Myanmar and its Importance
to the Success of Democracy, was
published by Routledge (Taylor & Francis).
Escape the madding crowd
Journalists protest against government oppression in Mandalay on July 19. Photo: Si Thu Lwin
AIR Bagan has settled with two
American citizens injured in the
2012 crash at Heho airport, in what
the Americans legal counsel claims
may be the largest settlement ever in
The settlement comes as Air
Bagan chair U Tay Za has publically
expressed doubts on the future of
Air Bagan, claiming the airline has
lost US$90 million over the past few
years and is having difculty sourc-
ing spare parts due to sanctions, ac-
cording to a recent Forbes magazine
American citizens Susanna Weiss
and Allan Lokos were injured in the
December 25, 2012 crash at Heho
airport near Inle Lake in Shan State.
The accident occurred when Air
Bagan Flight 11 attempted to land at
8:51am after taking of from Manda-
lay airport. One Myanmar passenger
the tour guide of Ms Weiss and Mr
Lokos and a Myanmar person on
the ground were killed.
Eric Rose, partner at Herzfeld
Rubin Meyer and Rose law rm
and lawyer for the two Americans,
declined to reveal the size of the
settlement, but said it is large by in-
ternational standards, and as far as
his research showed the largest in
Yes these Americans were ade-
quately compensated but there were
so many more people on that plane
who have not been, he said.
Mr Rose said that Mr Lokos in
sustained burns on 30 percent of his
body in the crash, while Ms Weiss
sufered a number of injuries when
the plane landed short of the runway
in heavy fog, got entangled in tel-
ephone and electric wires and then
burst into ames.
After the accident the two Ameri-
cans were transferred to Taung-
gyi, the nearest hospital, but it was
not properly equipped to deal with
burns. U Tay Za then transported the
two to Bangkok on his personal heli-
copter, where Mr Lokos was stabi-
lised, before organising to send them
to Singapore. They subsequently re-
turned to the United States.
Mr Rose added that Mr Lokos
credited U Tay Za with contributing
to saving his life in the aftermath of
the crash, but what happened after-
ward was a totally diferent story.
U Tay Za received very bad ad-
vice from his insurance companys
lawyers who had an inherent con-
ict by representing the insurance
company rather than Air Bagan and
U Tay Za which they may not have
disclosed to U Tay Za, said Mr Rose.
The reason why we ended up in
litigation and he ended up paying
substantially more than he would
have paid in a friendly settlement is
because he just got bad advice, he
Suits were led in the United
States, Thailand and Myanmar. A
suit could also have been led in
Singapore but were not as it has a
longer statute of limitations, Mr
Rose said. He added the cases never
went to trial as the two parties had
Although Air Bagan ofcials have
acknowledged but not returned re-
peated requests for comment, U
Tay Za took to Facebook earlier this
year to defend Air Bagans role in
the accident.
While the suit claimed that
Air Bagan failed to train its pilots
and attendants properly, U Tay Za
said on his Facebook page that Air
Bagans employees performed at an
international standard, evacuating
the passengers within 90 seconds.
He added that he was personally in-
volved in seeking proper care for the
injured passengers.
U Tay Za added that the case may
serve as a cautionary tale for local
tourism rms doing business with
Air Bagan settles with US crash victims
Smoke rises from the scene of an Air Bagan passenger plane crash as rescue personnel inspect the scene near Heho airport in Shan State. Photo: AFP
Compensation for Ko Mg Htay Aung
who suffered from severe burns,
according to U Tay Za
Settlement for Christmas Day 2012 crash comes as the airlines chair U Tay Za publically mulls the blacklisted airlines future
CUSTOMS investigators uncovered
more than 50 violations of import-
export licence regulations at the coun-
trys major air and sea ports in July.
Ofcials of the Illegal Trade Preven-
tion and Supervision Control Commit-
tee said the cases involved the impor-
tation of unlicensed goods, or goods
not covered by an existing licence.
The searches were carried out at
Myanmar Industrial Port, Hteedan
and Asia World ports, and included
eight cases at Yangon International
Airport. More than 80 percent of the
countrys trade is conducted through
these ports.
The committee designated the pe-
riod from July 4 to August 15 as edu-
cational, after which they will take
action against ofenders, said deputy
director U Aung Win. We will impose
nes or other penalties according to
the import/export and customs laws,
he said.
The Customs Department has yet
to announce how it will dispose of
the nearly K374 million (US$384,000)
worth of machinery, electronic devices
and other consumer products import-
ed without approval, according to a
statement on its website.
Trade Promotion Department di-
rector U Win Myint said a relaxation
in policy now allows traders to apply
for an import licence after the goods
have reached port, instead of requir-
ing them to apply before importing
the goods.
Where traders cannot take their
goods out of the port because they
have no import licence, containers can
be stored in port warehouses for up to
60 days. Inspectors have found items
such as cars, machinery and textiles
concealed among other commodities
in containers when they checked un-
claimed goods, he said.
An ofender recently imported
7000 helmets and applied for an im-
port licence falsely claiming the hel-
mets had no visors in order to secure
a lower import tax rate, he said. The
deception was initially not discovered
because of inefective X-ray machines.
Mobile customs teams seized about
K15 billion worth of goods in border
areas and about K700 million worth
within the Yangon area last year.
Investigators uncover
smuggling attempts
We will impose
nes or other
penalties according
to the ... laws.
U Aung Win
Illegal trade prevention ofcial
FISH farmers are beginning switch
to different types of fish to boost
farm yields, said Daw Toe Nandar
Tin, vice chair of the Myanmar
Fisheries Product Processor and
Exporter Association.
Fish exports have been in decline
over the last two years, but moving
to some of the tilapia freshwater
fish species may help the industry
as they take less time to reach ma-
turity, she said.
We currently export rohu-spe-
cies fish to other countries, but they
take a little longer to grow, particu-
larly as importers only want bigger
fish, she said.
Experts have been looking to
boost fish exports after 2013-14
shipments abroad totalled US$536
million, nearly $100 million less
than the previous fiscal year. In-
siders say there has been a decline
in farmed and caught fish over the
past few years.
Fishers are looking to new ideas
in a bid to stem the tide in declin-
ing exports, including switching to
new species.
However, transitioning to tilapia
species will require new technolo-
gies and methods and possibly also
government support.
Daw Toe Nandar Tin said there
are a few farmers using tilapia sh in
Myanmar, but their success has so far
been minimal. International farmers
are also developing technology and
methods for their own farmed tila-
pia, which can be imported into My-
anmar to improve the industry.
I am sure we can find a market
for tilapia, she said.
One critical step will be having
enough female tilapia that popu-
lations can be born on Myanmar
farms rather than importing eggs
or young fish.
Rohu fish can take up to two
years to reach maturity, but tila-
pia can be export-sized within six
months, said Myanmar Fisheries
Product Processor and Exporter As-
sociation official U Than Lwin.
The fish products must also
have access to foreign markets,
an exporter said. This is the most
important part the international
market must accept the fish.
One fish farmer from Yangons
Sanpya fish market said transition-
ing to tilapia species could be ex-
pensive as it will require importing
young fish and raising them locally.
I want to change to tilapia sh
but I dont want to have to buy the
young from Thailand, the farmer
Currently he is able to buy young
rohu fish locally, at what is likely a
cheaper cost than if he had to im-
port the young fish from abroad.
Fish farmers to try
different species to
boost fagging exports
27 BUSINESS EDITOR: Jeremy Mullins |
Exchange Rates (August 1 close)
Currency Buying Selling
Malaysia Ringitt
Singapore Dollar
Thai Baht
US Dollar
US eases rules on
importing local logs
What not to do
when contracting
a development
Air Bagan settles with US crash victims
Smoke rises from the scene of an Air Bagan passenger plane crash as rescue personnel inspect the scene near Heho airport in Shan State. Photo: AFP
NATURAL gas is now being export-
ed from the Zawtika ofshore site to
Thailand, company ofcials said on
August 5.
Thai state-owned rm PTT Explo-
ration and Production announced on
the Thai stock exchange that the site
is one of its largest developments.
This project is the largest overseas
ofshore producing gas eld operated
by PTTEP. The success of Zawtika
marks another important milestone
for PTTEP to ensure energy security
for both Thailand and Myanmar, said
Tevin Vongvanich, President and Chief
Executive Ofcer of PTTEP.
PTTEP owns 80 percent of the
site in block M9 with the remainder
held by Myanma Oil and Gas Enter-
prise (MOGE).
The rm is now ramping up produc-
tion for export to a rate of 240 million
standard cubic feet per day to meet its
daily contract quantity, said Mr Tevin
in a release to the Thai stock exchange.
The rm discovered natural gas
at Zawtika in 2007, and commercial
production began this year. It has
been delivering about 60 million
standard cubic feet per day to Myan-
mar since March.
MOGE ofcials said it will be a few
more days until the site reaches full
The test run from pumping natu-
ral gas started on August 5, MOGE
director U Than Tun told The Myan-
mar Times. It will take another week
to get to full capacity.
Prices for Zawtika natural gas are
the same as other ofshore platforms
at US$11.45 per million British Ther-
mal Units, and will ultimately gener-
ate daily income of about $2.3 mil-
lion, said U Than Tun. He added the
project could ultimately produce 340
million standard cubic feet per day,
with 240 going to Thailand and the
rest to Myanmar.
Zawtika is the fourth commercial
gas eld in Myanmar, and is thought
to have total reserves of 1.4 trillion cu-
bic feet. PTTEP is also the operator of
the Yetagun gas eld.
Meanwhile, three more production
sharing contracts are to be signed by
state-owned Myanma Oil and Gas En-
terprise (MOGE) this week, meaning
deals for seven of the 16 total blocks
have now been inked, according to
Ministry of Energy ofcials.
The delayed agreements govern
how resource companies will explore
and extract resources from the on-
shore oil blocks they were awarded in
a licensing round last year.
Agreements for MOGE-3 block with
Thai rm PTT Exploration and Pro-
duction (PTTEP) and block B-2 with
Indias Videsh Limited were inked on
August 8, while another agreement for
block EP-4 with JSOC Bashneft of Rus-
sia was to be inked on August 10.
PTTEP plans to conduct seismic
surveys and drill four exploration
wells with a minimum $72 million in-
vestment in the rst three years, the
rm said in a press release.
This investment is a signi-
cant operational progress to explore
high potential areas, said Mr Tevin
Vongvanich, chief executive ofcer of
If this exploration yields a suc-
cessful result, it will secure both
Thailand and Myanmar energy sup-
ply in the future, he said. PTTEP has
partnered with Palang Sophon Of-
shore which holds 10pc, and another
local partner Win Precious Resources
(WPR) holds a 5pc share.
U Aung Ye Soes Machinery Solu-
tion is local partner for ONGC oper-
ating B-2 onshore block. Sun Apex
Holding Limited owned by U Myo
Thant is the local partner of Rus-
sia based JSOC Bashneft for EP-4.
Agreements for another nine onshore
blocks are still waiting to be signed
as MOGE has completed seven con-
tracts so far, with ofcials aiming to
have the process completed by the
end of August.
Thai frm PTT begins natural
gas exports from Zawtika site
This project is the
largest overseas
ofshore producing
gas eld operated by
Tevin Vongvanich
PTTEP chief executive
Americans, as they received many
times the compensation of Myan-
mar people injured in the crash.
Passenger Ko Mg Htay Aung
sufered from severe burns and
permanent scars that are many
times worse than that of Mr Allan
Lokos, yet Mg Htay Aung received
only US$10,000 compared to the
many millions of dollars that the
two Americans asked for, he said
in a Facebook post earlier this year.
I requested respective lawyers to
help them out with this case.
Moreover, for tour operators
who are guring out how much this
can afect [them] within Myanmar,
and hotel and tourism businesses to
take my incident as an example of
what America does to a Myanmar
citizen, I inform you about this case
with pictures for you to be your own
judges, he said in the post, which
included pictures of Westerners be-
ing loaded onto a helicopter.
U Tay Za added that the fam-
ily of the deceased should receive
what they deserve according to in-
ternational standards.
Mr Rose said that his rm would
have been willing to represent My-
anmar passengers in the crash had
it been approached to do so, adding
it represented many Myanmar peo-
ple pro bono.
Positive experiences with the
legal system will engender pub-
lic trust in the rule of law, though
it will also require communicat-
ing successful experiences and in-
creased transparency, he said.
The more transparency that ex-
ists the more trust the public will
have in the legal system and there-
fore they will chose the legal system
to try and resolve issues rather than
doing it alone, said Mr Rose.
U Tay Za also posted a letter
written by Ms Weiss to President U
Thein Sein on his Facebook page,
where Ms Weiss said that medical
bills were expected to exceed US$1
million, adding there were a num-
ber of costs ahead of them.
Meanwhile, U Tay Za has also
publically considered the future of
Air Bagan.
He may be forced to close the
airline, which lost about $90 mil-
lion over the past few years, in part
because he is not allowed to buy
American-made spare parts at mar-
ket prices, he said, according to a
July 23 Forbes report.
U Tay Za and Air Bagan are on
the American Special Designated
National list, which prevents US en-
tities from doing business with him
without specic American approval.
U Tay Za has also been linked to
Asian Wings airline, though it is not
on the SDN list and company of-
cials have denied a link. A planned
joint venture between Asian Wings
and Japans ANA fell through on
July 30.
Mr Rose said the fact that U Tay
Za and Air Bagan are on the SDN
list meant that both parties needed
special permission from the US
Treasury Department to conduct
business with each other.
Settlement for Christmas Day 2012 crash comes as the airlines chair U Tay Za publically mulls the blacklisted airlines future
28 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Trucks haul timber near Myanmars northern border. Such shipments could soon be headed to the US. Photos: Supplied
The United States Treasury Depart-
ment granted a special one year li-
cence beginning in late July for certain
US companies to trade with Myanma
Timber Enterprise and other members
of the timber industry currently under
sanction by the United States.
The announcement has drawn
both praise and concern from for-
estry experts, with some applauding
the hands-on approach to reform and
others warning that the scheme could
end up reinforcing the corruption that
has dened the timber industry for
The Myanma Timber Enterprise is
a state-related outt dedicated to ex-
tracting timber. As an industry leader,
it has been targeted by environmen-
tal groups claiming a broad range of
corruption, unsustainable production
and human rights abuses.
The company was rst sanctioned
by former President George W Bush in
2008. The US embassy in Yangon and
the US treasury department in Wash-
ington did not respond to requests for
comment for this article.
The licence specically allows
members of United States-based tim-
ber group International Wood Prod-
ucts Association (IWPA) to import My-
anma Timber Enterprises products.
Speaking to The Myanmar Times
last week, IWPA executive director
Cindy Squires said the initiative was
aimed at using market pressure to
push government and industry lead-
ers create a system to track where and
how timber is extracted.
Under the licence, our members
must urge the domestic mills to work
toward independent legality verica-
tion. We also encourage the timber
trade to work with the Myanmar Tim-
ber Merchants Association and the
Myanmar Forest Certication Com-
mittee to improve the timber trace-
ability system in Myanmar, she said.
Rachel Butler, head of sustainabil-
ity for the Timber Trade Federation in
the UK, said the TTF welcomed the
new initiative, pointing out that most
other Western nations have already
suspended or relaxed their sanctions
of Myanmar timber.
The timber industries in the EU,
US and Australia all share the goals of
supporting Myanmar in moving these
systems toward longer-term sustain-
ability, ensuring they meet domestic
and international requirements, we
cannot do that sat on the sidelines,
she said.
Both Ms Butler and Ms Squires
afrmed that they believe trade and
direct engagement is a better tool for
encouraging reform than the sanc-
tions and boycotts that have so far had
little efect. Both also emphasised that
the project initiative would seek input
from all stakeholders in the govern-
ment, industry and civil society.
It is our view that it is better to be
engaged with [the Myanma Timber
Enterprise] and the Myanmar timber
industry and demonstrate our support
for the reform eforts and movement
toward independent legality verica-
tion and sustainable management of
Burmas forest, said Ms Squires.
While representatives from the My-
anma Timber Enterprise could not be
reached for comment, other experts
said opening Myanmars timber mar-
ket could entrench many of the exist-
ing problems, as removing sanctions
removes any incentive for industry
leaders to reform the sector.
Recent developments in Myan-
mars forest governance and timber
trade as pushed by some foreign gov-
ernments and agencies are beginning
to undermine eforts by civil society
to reform the forest sector, said Kevin
Woods, a Yangon-based researcher
with the INGO Forest Trends.
Instead of promoting good govern-
ance and inclusive participation, the
status quo of corruption and environ-
mental crime that has long plagued
the forest sector in the country is un-
fortunately being further buttressed
by international lobbying interests.
U Win Myo Thu, executive director
of the Yangon-based environmental
group EcoDev, stressed that he will
need to study the program further be-
fore he passes judgement.
The opening of the timber sector in
general is a source of great concern for
his organisation, he said.
I think [these programs] can lead
to distortion of the forest policy Af-
ter this kind of US or EU procurement,
[I wonder] whether there will still be
motivation to address illegal timber as
a whole.
U Win Myo Thu went on to say that
given the large gaps in record-keeping,
endemic corruption and the isolated
locations of many forests, he couldnt
see how a practical system to monitor
logging could be created in less than
one year.
I cant imagine how to do it and
Ive been working in this area for al-
most three decades If you are not
able to diferentiate what is legal and
what is illegal then its a risk.
Daniel Aguirre, a legal advisor for
the International Commission of Ju-
rists based in Yangon, echoed U Win
Myo Thus concerns.
Laws protecting human rights
and the environment are absent or in
nascent stages of development in My-
anmar. Despite this slow reform, the
government is pressing ahead with
a policy of promoting rapid growth
in foreign investment. This creates a
legal void into which foreign invest-
ment is owing that can result in hu-
man rights abuse and environmental
Reports from numerous environ-
mental groups indicate that defor-
estation had increased at an alarming
rate in the last decade, driving some
species of trees to near extinction.
Given this dire situation, U Win Myo
Thu said a temporary ban on exports
may give the industry time to devel-
op best practices. I think we should
stop exporting timber until were sure
about the sustainability of those for-
ests, he said. I really worry about the
ecological future of our forests.
US to waive timber
sanctions for one year
JANSSEN R&D IRELAND, of Eastgate Village, Eastgate, Little
Island, County Cork, Ireland, is the Owner of the following Trade
Reg. No. 7630/2013
in respect of Intl Class 5: Human pharmaceutical preparations.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
Dated: 11 August 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Casio Keisanki Kabushiki Kaisha
(Casio Computer Co., Ltd.), a company organized under the laws
of Japan and having its principal offce at 6-2, Hon-machi 1-chome,
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the
following trademark:-
(Reg: No. IV/9709/2014)
in respect of: - Tablet computers; handheld personal computers;
personal digital assistants; scientifc calculators; electronic calculators;
educational software; computer software for data exchange between
electronic devices; computer software for use as a spreadsheet and
in graphing; computer software used in the feld of math education;
computer software for a personal computer for use in achieving data
exchange between a personal computer and a wrist watch or a digital
camera and other electronic apparatus and instruments; software for
computers; educational instruments devices in the nature of interface
devices for communications between calculators and computers;
personal computers; computer hardware components and computer
peripherals thereof; printers for computers; batteries; AC adapters;
battery chargers; USB cables; cables; memory cards; memory units;
CD-ROMs; carrying cases and bags for electronic calculators, personal
digital assistants and handheld personal computers; electronic pens;
parts and fttings thereof; projectors; data analyzers; motion sensors;
electronic personal organizers; digital cameras; printers for digital
cameras; liquid crystal display television sets; navigation apparatus
and instruments, car navigation apparatus and instruments; cellular
telephones; electronic label printers; radio pagers; radios; compact
disk players; apparatus for recording, transmitting or reproducing
sound or images; recorded music discs, recorded video discs; flms
of movies; computer software; educational software featuring
instruction in mathematics and calculators; software for scientifc
calculators; software for accessing and using a cloud computing
network; downloadable cloud computer software for use in database
managements and use in electronic storage of data; computer software
for using cloud-based applications, data and services. Class: 9
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Casio Keisanki Kabushiki Kaisha
(Casio Computer Co., Ltd.)
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
Business 29
FARMERS are shunning more modern
methods of planting rice as too expen-
sive even though they admit the meas-
ures increase yields.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Ir-
rigation has promoted a more scientic
take on rice farming, including initially
germinating rice seeds in a nursery be-
fore transplanting them in the paddy
However, farmers say it is more
cost-efective to directly plant the rice
in the ground without rst germinating
them in a nursery. Such direct planting
requires less labour and the rice ma-
tures earlier, but it is more susceptible
to pests and competition from other
plants, according to an information
sheet from the International Rice Re-
search Institute.
Farmers near Nay Pyi Taw said a
shortage of rural labour is leading to
rising wages for agricultural work-
ers, which are pushed even higher if
labourers are required to transplant
rice sprouts from a nursery rather than
seed the paddies directly.
If we [transplant rice] we will
have to apologise profusely to the ag-
ricultural labourers before hiring them,
because it is so much more work, said
U Kyi Aung, a farmer from Pyinmana
Farmer Ko Myo Lin Aung said it
costs K30,000 to 50,000 more per acre
to use the transplanting method.
The ministry said its best to use
the transplanting method, but we cant
aford the labour costs, he said.
Other farmers said that once the
higher costs are factored in, prot
margins are about the same as directly
planting the rice.
Direct planting costs about
K150,000 an acre of paddy, while the
ministrys preferred transplanting
methods cost about K200,000, said U
Kyaw Wai, a farmer in Alyin Lo village.
The yield is better with the scien-
tic [transplanting] method, but not a
lot better, he added.
Ministry of Agriculture and Irriga-
tion Department of Agriculture direc-
tor general U Kyaw Win said that us-
ing more scientic planting procedures
cuts down on wasted plants. It also
avoids overcrowding as transplanted
rice is usually grown in straight rows,
instead of direct planting where rice of-
ten ends up irregularly planted.
Myanmar must also follow modern
methods if it wants to become a lead-
ing rice exporter, said U Kyaw Win. He
added it is important to create labour
opportunities for an estimated 70pc of
the population dependent on the agri-
culture sector.
However, the number of farmers
following these improved methods is
quite low even near the nations capital
and ministry headquarters. A July 2014
survey said that out of the 7447 acres
of paddy elds being cultivated in Py-
inmana township only 273 acres are
grown with transplanting rice.
Translation by Thiri Min Htun
Farmers stick with old
methods due to costs
The ministry said
its best to use the
method, but we cant
aford the costs.
Ko Myo Lin Aung
Private air terminal opens doors
at Yangon International Airport
Thai rm MJets and Myanmar partner
Wah Wah Group opened a private
jet terminal at Yangon International
Airport on August 2, according to a
statement. Called the MJets Business
Aviation Centre (MMBAC), it also re-
ceived support from Myanma Airways
and the Department of Civil Aviation,
the statement said.
There have been many wealthy and
discerning aircraft owners requesting
VIP treatment at Myanmar airports
which I could not provide because
facilities like what MMBAC built simply
did not exist, said Wah Wah CEO Ohn
Jeremy Mullins
Electricity supply funding for
Rakhine State laid out
The government will spend more than
K3 billion (US$3 million) to support
electricity projects in Rakhine State,
where development work is escalat-
ing, President U Thein Sein said in a
letter submitted to the speaker of the
Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on July 29.
The letter also said more than K164
billion has been allocated to the Minis-
try of Electric Power for projects to im-
prove the national grid, to be overseen
by Myanma Electric Power Enterprise
in the 2014-15 nancial year.
The government had set out a
budget in the 2013-14 scal year for
development of the electricity grid in
Rakhine State, but surplus funds were
returned to the state as materials did
not arrive in time. Htoo Thant, trans-
lated by Zar Zar Soe
Amyotha Hluttaw passes SME law
The Amyotha Hluttaw has passed the
SME bill, which will now proceed to the
Pyithu Hluttaw as the next step in the
approval process, according to ofcials
from the Ministry of Industry.
The law aims to make it easier to
open SMEs and streamline regulatory
hurdles, ofcials said.
It will also allow greater exibility
in matching the countrys SMEs with-
international markets, merchants and
development organisations, and it will
also lay out some of the rules SMEs
must follow.
Khin Su Wai
A farm labourer uses the transplant method of sowing rice. It increases yields,
but farmers say it is also more labour-intensive. Photo: Staff
30 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
CENTRAL Bank ofcials are urging
more commercial banks to take up
electronic banking.
A number of institutions including
Co-operative, Ayeyarwady, Innwa and
Myawaddy have formally launched
banking via computers or mobiles so
far in 2014, and more banks should do
the same, said a senior Central Bank
of Myanmar ofcial.
Rules governing bank-led mobile
banking were passed in December
2013, partly in an efort to bring un-
banked people into the formal bank-
ing sector.
Although the services are still in
their infancy, insiders see lots of po-
tential for electronically transferring
money, paying bills and checking bal-
ances, reducing the need for bricks-
and-mortar bank branches.
The ofcial also said that there
are only rules permitting a bank-led
model at present, meaning the bank,
not an outside company, must be ac-
countable for the money.
We havent had any problems
with losing money so far as only
banks are allowed to operate these
services, he said.
Banks have to receive specic ap-
proval for each new e-banking prod-
uct they attempt to bring to market
as well as take appropriate risk man-
agement steps, he said.
E-money also reduces the needs to
print money as well as makes circula-
tion easier.
Co-operative Bank executive vice
chair U Kyaw Lynn said the bank cur-
rently has logistical challenges of put-
ting billions of kyat into its 200 cash
machines every week.
We hope to have a better network
and IT system soon, he said. Even
though we have to wait for the circle
rotating on the screen of our mobiles
[indicating that a page is loading],
we started out with ATMs and have
gradually progressed, he said.
Co-operative Bank, often branded
as CB Bank, formally launched its
mobile banking service last week.
While some countries have had
to wait 30 years to have a mix of 80
percent of transactions done elec-
tronically and 20pc done with cash,
Myanmar should be able to reach the
target much quicker, he said.
Still, only 526,000 people, or
about 1pc of the population, have
ATM cards, he said.
Bankers claim their online ofer-
ings are slowing gaining traction.
U Myo Yi Win, head of Ayeyar-
wady Banks internet banking, said it
has about 2000 customers.
We havent faced any big prob-
lems with our network and are con-
stantly upgrading, he said.
US group touts roles in
support of multinationals
Growth for digital cash
LOCAL companies ought to eye op-
portunities to supply large American
multinationals with the goods and ser-
vices they need to invest in the region,
according to US-ASEAN Business
Council president Alexander Feldman.
American ofcials hope to discuss
business opportunities when a Myan-
mar delegation led by Minister for the
Presidents Ofce U Soe Thein visits
New York in September, he said at a
Yangon press conference on August 1.
We hope many Myanmar compa-
nies will be suppliers and service pro-
viders to large American multi-nation-
als, not only here in Myanmar but also
around ASEAN, he said.
The US-ASEAN Business Council
visited Myanmar from July 28 to Au-
gust 1 in a bid to introduce American
rms to local opportunities. The dele-
gation also met with senior leaders in-
cluding President U Thein Sein, speak-
er Thura U Shwe Mann and opposition
politician Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
Discussions focused on support-
ing economic reforms, digital and
physical infrastructure development,
fostering increased human capacity
and supporting Myanmars position
as ASEAN chair and its regional role,
said US-ASEAN Business Council pub-
lic relations director Anthony Nelson.
Although engagement with the
United States has been a hallmark
of President U Thein Seins ongoing
reforms, some say American multi-
nationals have been relatively slow
setting up shop in Myanmar. Often
investment from the US is routed
through diferent countries.
Baker and McKenzie Wong and
Leow chair Woun Kien Keong said
that the most important thing to en-
courage American investment is con-
sistency, reliability and enforceability
of the laws in the areas where they
operate, as well as security over assets.
Thats quite important for Ameri-
can corporations and any other corpo-
ration who want to move into a new
jurisdiction that is opening up like
Myanmar, he said.
He added the reliability and fair-
ness of the adjudication process is also
Union of Myanmar Federation of
Chambers of Commerce and Industry
vice chair U Maung Maung Lay said
there will be increasing opportunities
for local businesses to provide services
and supplies to foreign rms, though
added it may be difcult for local rms
to adapt to international practices.
As Myanmar was under military
rule for a long time, the creativity and
ways of thinking of Myanmar people
including businessmen may not be
liked by multinationals, he said.
Myanmar people will need to be
trained, but luckily Myanmar people
are good learners, he added.
Independent economist U Hla
Maung said Taiwan and South Ko-
rea did well learning from foreigners
when they were at a similar point in
their development.
General Electric chief country rep-
resentative Andrew Lee said coopera-
tion with international business will
help boost local employment.
Mobile users in Yangon. Experts
are banking on new technologies
to spread financial inclusion.
Photo: Staff
Business 31
RETAILERS billed it as the Great Sin-
gapore Sale. Chinese tourist Zhu Liang
bought it, only to regret afterward.
We will never come here again to
shop on purpose, said Mr Zhu, a 35
yearold businessman from Hang-
zhou. Visiting the city during the -
nal days of the summer sale season in
July, he purchased a Loewe handbag
for his wife, only to discover he could
have paid less in Hong Kong.
Behind the markup: a strength-
ening exchange rate, rising labour
costs and a sales tax Chinese tourists
dont encounter in neighbouring Hong
Kong. A reduction in visitors from
Asias largest economy contributed to
a sales slide of as much as 4 percent in
Singapores annual shopping festival,
according to the retailers association.
Visitors from China to Singapore
dropped 27pc in the ve months
through May from a year earlier amid
slower economic growth on the main-
land and the impact of a new Chinese
law that clamped down on cutprice
shopping tours. Total tourist arrivals
slid 1.7pc, according to the Singapore
Tourism Board.
Singapores retailers, already fac-
ing growing regional competition,
are under the most pressure since the
Asian nancial crisis, Singapore Re-
tailers Association Honorary Treas-
urer Kesri Singh Kapur said.
It is that grim, said Mr Kapur.
Both the sides of consumption,
which are the domestic customers
and tourists, are not spending. I an-
ticipate that at least for the next 12
months, the market will be sluggish.
While Chinas anticorruption
campaign against extravagant spend-
ing by government ofcials and state
owned companies has also dampened
spending by Chinese at home and in
Hong Kong, retailers in Singapore are
grappling with the threat of a broader
decline in appeal.
Singapores average retail sales
growth dwindled to less than 1pc in the
two years through May, according to
government data that excludes motor
vehicles. In Hong Kong, the average was
6.9pc in the 24 months through June.
If we change our renminbi to
Hong Kong dollar, it seems like we
have a huge amount of money. With
the Singapore dollar, you just feel
like it is little money, Mr Zhu said
last week as he walked empty-handed
out of the Paragon mall on Orchard
Road with his family. Singapore retail
goods are generally about 10 percent
more expensive than in Hong Kong,
he said. Bloomberg
Great sale falls short
IN a world roiled by violence in
Ukraine and Gaza, stability has be-
come the watchword for investors
even if it comes in the form of a
The Thai militarys overthrow
of the elected government on May
22 has proved a boon for the baht,
making itthe best performer among
24 emergingmarket currencies
over the past two months. Banks
from Goldman Sachs to Credit Sui-
sse Group raised their baht forecasts
last month, saying political risk has
eased under the army junta.
Foreign investors share their
optimism, pouring US$5.3 billion
into Thai bonds in July in the best
month since April 2011, data com-
piled by Bloomberg shows. The
generals justied their overthrow
of Prime Minister Yingluck Shina-
watra by saying they were restoring
peace after months of antigovern-
ment protests.
Because theres been relative
peace, a lack of tensions, there
seems to be a view that things are
getting back on track, regardless of
whos in power, said Mitul Kote-
cha, the head of foreignexchange
strategy for Asia Pacic at Barclays
in Singapore. The baht may have
further to run if we see investors
piling in.
The increased appetite for Thai
assets helped push the baht up by
2.2 percent since May 30 to 32.15
per dollar last week in New York.
The currency reached an eight
month high of 31.74 on July 22
after the military government an-
nounced an interim constitution
that formalised its power and paved
the way for elections.
While Thailands coup could
have resulted in an escalation of
violence, this concern has now
dissipated, said Wee-Ming Ting,
the head of Asian xed income in
Singapore at Pictet Asset Manage-
ment. Some form of political stabil-
ity, at least for the short term, has
returned and sentiment for the
baht is better.
The baht has been a rare emerg-
ing-market success story in recent
weeks as increasing global tensions
sent investors into safer assets.
Just six of 24 emerging-market
currencies rose in July, with Rus-
sias ruble and Polands zloty sufer-
ing amid the fallout from Ukraine.
Argentina missed a deadline to pay
interest on its ofshore debt on July
30 as Standard & Poors declared
the nation in default.
The perception that political
events are automatically bad for
markets is wrong, said Deutsche
Bank analyst John-Paul Smith.
Thailands coup a
boon for the baht
Death sentence upheld for
Chinese mining billionaire
A Chinese court upheld the death sen-
tence handed down to a mining billion-
aire said to have links with disgraced
former security tsar Zhou Yongkang.
Liu Han, his brother Liu Wei and
three accomplices appealed to the high
court in the central province of Hubei
after they were condemned to death
in May for organising and leading a
maa-style group, murder and other
The court on August 7 rejected the
appeal, it said in a posting on Chinas
Twitter-like Sina Weibo.
The crimes of organising and lead-
ing a maa-style group and murder
Liu Han and Liu Wei committed were
extremely serious and a punishment
should be meted out to several of-
fences combined, it said.
Fines coming for StanChart in
American anti-laundering probe
Standard Chartered conrmed that
it faces fresh US nes over alleged
breaches in its anti-money laundering
systems, two years after it paid mas-
sive penalties for violating American
sanctions. Media reports said the
probe by New Yorks nancial regulator
followed allegations that the London-
based, Hong Kong-listed lender failed
to spot millions of risky transactions
owing through its US operations.
In December 2012, Standard
Chartered agreed to pay US authorities
US$327 million to settle charges it vio-
lated American sanctions, principally
on Iran but also on Myanmar, Libya and
Germany scraps Russia arms deal
Germany has stopped a major deal to
provide a fully equipped training camp
to Russian forces due to the Ukraine
crisis, the government said August 4.
Vice Chancellor and Economy Min-
ister Sigmar Gabriel said he has with-
drawn his authorisation for the training
camp project, which had already been
put on hold in March after Moscows
annexation of Ukraines Crimea region.
He conrmed a report in the daily
Sueddeutsche Zeitung citing the deci-
sion to scrap the contract, reportedly
valued at 100 million euros ($134 mil-
lion). AFP
Shoppers cross Orchard Road at
the heart of Singapores shopping
district. Photo: Bloomberg
32 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
FOLLOWING his ipping the switch
on politics, Myanmars reformist
President Thein Sein has embraced
donors on an agenda of establishing
good governance and economic liber-
alisation. Early reforms have spurred
growth to around 8 percent and to-
gether they extrapolate this trend out
to 2030 and the attainment of middle
income status almost as if it is already
in the bag. Not wanting to be seen as
a spoiler, neither side has an interest
in deviating from this new economic
But economic liberalisation can
perpetuate the political economy
dynamics of the resource curse.
FDI targets resource enclaves while
the elite benet from increased re-
source rents and their recycling into
the real estate and consumer imports
booms. The elites power is enhanced
and they can adapt to and exploit the
countrys nascent democracy. Much
of FDI is targeting the oil and gas
sector, and will also target mining
once the new law comes out. FDI is
also targeting real estate but this sec-
tor is cyclical and currently booming
due to a once-of increase in require-
ments from foreigners. Foreigners
are also interested in the domestic
consumer market but it is small. Few
foreign investors are interested in the
country to establish export platforms
for manufacturing, an area where job
creation has scale potential to drive
high and inclusive growth.
There has to be a structural change
in the economy that establishes exter-
nal competitiveness for investment in
export manufacturing to be feasible.
The sudden US$2.6 billion trade de-
cit in 2013-14 should raise a red ag
to policy makers, but donors feel that
trade decits can be nanced by FDI
and ofcial development assistance
for many years to come. But that does
not sound much like the establish-
ment of the export growth model that
has served so many Asian countries so
well. The currency is strong because of
resource exports, particularly gas, and
needs to be depreciated by around 20-
25pc to establish competitiveness for
exports of agricultural commodities
and labour-intensive manufactures.
The country also requires infrastruc-
ture development for competitive-
ness and here the politically correct
agenda of the donors may be a chal-
lenge for national policy makers.
The donor-led good governance
agenda emphasises process, such as
the importance of transparency and
best international practice, and the
use of environmental and social im-
pact assessments and international
competitive tenders. This creates op-
portunities for international rms
who can work to such standards, and
in telecommunications, where indus-
try fundamentals are well understood
and compelling, it has worked quite
well. However, in other important
infrastructure sectors such as power
and transportation, foreign investors
struggle where economic parameters
may be less well dened and minis-
tries need to be navigated, where lo-
cal knowledge is at a premium. There
have only been a handful of FDI ap-
provals in small-scale power genera-
tion so far, and in transportation and
SEZ development Thilawa has been
hardgoing and Kyaukphyu and Dawei
have stalled completely.
Donor emphasis on governance
and exemplary process means that
mainly public sector agencies, both
domestic and international, tend to
be involved in early stage infrastruc-
ture project development, because
the private sector will be less inclined
to input if they are later subject to
competitive tender for the conces-
sion. And these public sector agencies
are challenged by issues of coordina-
tion, bureaucracy and staf incentive.
To speed things up, the government
needs to work closely with the big
local conglomerates to identify the
major infrastructure projects that are
bankable, and grant the concessions
that empower Myanmars most capa-
ble entrepreneurs to engage foreign
capital and technical resources.
To support the local conglomerates
as infrastructure project promoters
the government needs to stimulate
the international funding environ-
ment. The special relationship with
Beijing needs to be resurrected but
with the message that the old G-to-G
FDI approach doesnt work anymore,
that it now generates too much politi-
cal heat. Beijing needs to understand
that Myanmars politicians must be
responsive to citizenry concerns over
Chinas rapid rise, a situation that
now pervades the region following
Chinas posturing in the South China
Sea. Since Chinese companies benet
from the existence of good infrastruc-
ture in Myanmar and in the wider re-
gion, they can best facilitate by mov-
ing towards a portfolio investment
approach, underwriting and investing
in project bond issues, some of which
might be RMB denominated. With
Beijing back in Myanmars infrastruc-
ture development game with a fresh
approach, donors like the Interna-
tional Finance Corporation might
respond to some healthy competition
and be galvanised into proper infra-
structure lending rather than just real
With an infrastructure boom ini-
tiated, the government will need to
formulate a nuanced industrial policy.
They can learn from the past industri-
al policies of the successful economies
in the region. Exports should serve as
the objective performance standard
for rms to receive subsidies in cer-
tain industries, and the government
should cull losers rather than attempt
to pick winners. Some infant industry
protection may also be desirable.
Myanmar is no doubt emerging
into the regional and global economy
at a very challenging time. There is
no room for donor complacency re-
garding whether the country makes a
successful transition from a resource-
dependent economy to one based
on labour-intensive manufacturing
exports and a climbing of the tech-
nology ladder. Ultimately, whether
Myanmar hews closer to economic
miracle or myth hinges on the vi-
sion and quality of the countrys top
political leadership.
Stuart Larkin is a Visiting Fellow at the
Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
(ISEAS) in Singapore. The full version
of this paper is available at: http://www.
He has lived in Myanmar for over 18
years studying the economy in-country
in various capacities, including for the
investment arm of one of Asias largest
private conglomerates, for the Japanese
and British governments, for UNDP and
for one of Myanmars top conglomerates.
Between miracle and myth
A SINGLE-WINDOW system is com-
ing to Myanmars customs proce-
dures by next year, according to
Daw Soe Soe Lwin, assistant direc-
tor of the Customs Department.
The system will allow import-
ers and exporters to receive all the
necessary approvals at a single of-
ce, rather than the present system
of ling paperwork for various per-
mits, declarations and supporting
documents through diferent gov-
ernment ofces. A draft design for
the single-window system has been
drawn up, with details to be com-
pleted this year, said Daw Soe Soe
The single-window system will be
wholly successful, no need to be
worried about it, she said. My-
anmar must progress to a single
window as part of its commitment
to join the ASEAN Single Window,
which aims to connect the 10 ASE-
AN members customs departments
to speed up the time it takes for
cargo to be cleared.
The Japan International Coop-
eration Agency (JICA) is funding the
program to move Myanmar to a na-
tional single window through a 3.99
billion yen (US$38.98 million) grant.
It will also see an automated car-
go clearance system installed based
on Japanese technology.
Daw Soe Soe Lwin said that cus-
toms clearance times will speed up
signicantly after the single-win-
dow system is put in place.
No need
to worry
Neither side has
an interest in
deviating from
this new economic
The reform process is yielding results, but the jury is still out on whether Myanmar will be an economic success
LIMITED, a company incorporated under the laws
of Hong Kong and having its registered offce at 38

Floor, New Word Tower, 16-18 Queens Road Central,
Hong Kong is the owner and proprietor of the following
(22 November 2013)
(26 November 2013)
(28 November 2013)
(26 November 2013)
In respect of Precious metals and their alloys and
goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not
included in other classes; jewellery; costume jewellery;
body jewellery; paste jewellery; precious stones; pearls
(jewellery); paste gems; horological and chronometric
instruments; clocks; watches; wristwatches; watch
straps; watch bands; cases for clock and watchmaking;
cases for jewellery; jewel boxes; parts and fittings for
all the aforesaid goods all included in Class 14; and
Organization and conducting of exhibitions and
trade fairs for commercial or advertising purposes;
organization and conducting of watch, clock and
jewel exhibitions; auctions; business inquiries and
business information; business management and
organization consultancy, advisory services for
business management; preparation or presentation
of audio-visual displays for advertising purposes;
distribution and dissemination of advertising matters;
market research and analysis; marketing; promotional
services; preparation, issuing and publication of
publicity materials; business planning; retail services
through the Internet; presentation of goods on
communication media for retail purposes; marketing
studies; compilation of statistics; news clipping
servi ces; busi ness apprai sal s; expert opi ni ons
for businesses; marketing; advertising; rental of
advertising space; presentation of goods for advertising
purposes; sales promotion for others; public relations
in particular in the areas of watch making and of
jewellery making; wholesaling and retailing services
for precious metals and their alloys and goods in
precious metals or coated therewith, jewellery,
costume jewellery, body jewellery, paste jewellery,
precious stones, pearls (jewellery), paste gems,
horological and chronometric instruments, clocks,
watches, wristwatches, watch straps, watch bands,
cases for clock and watchmaking, cases for jewellery,
jewel boxes, printed matter, photographs, printed
publications, magazines, brochures, catalogues,
carrier bags made of paper, marketing material,
pamphlets, leaflets, parts and fittings for all the
aforesaid goods, information and advisory services
relating to all the aforesaid services; export-import
agencies services for precious metals and their alloys
and goods in precious metals or coated therewith,
jewellery, costume jewellery, body jewellery, paste
jewellery, precious stones, pearls (jewellery), paste
gems, horological and chronometric instruments,
cl ocks, wat ches, wri st wat ches, wat ch st raps,
watch bands, cases for clock and watchmaking,
cases for jewellery, jewel boxes, printed matter,
photographs, printed publications, magazines,
brochures, catalogues, carrier bags made of paper,
marketing material, pamphlets, leaflets, parts and
fittings for all the aforesaid goods, parts and fittings
for all the aforesaid goods all included in Class 35.
Fraudul ent or unaut hori sed use or act ual or
colourable imitation of the Marks shall be dealt with
according to law.
U Than Maung, Advocate
C/o Kelvin Chia Yangon Ltd.,
#1505-1508-1509, 15
floor, Sakura Tower,
Kyauktada Township, Yangon,
The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Dated 11 August 2014
BUSINESS EDITOR: Jeremy Mullins |
U MG Mgs problem is too common to
many of Yangons would-be condomin-
ium unit owners. He signed a contract
a couple years ago to purchase a unit
in a building in Mingalar Taung Nyunt
township where construction shows no
signs of beginning.
It has been two years since he inked
the contract with the developer and put
down a K20 million deposit, but so far
not so much as one shovel has hit the
The developer is ready to start, U
Mg Mg said, but added in this case the
problem is on the landowners end, as
there is a dispute about whether they
have the right type of land to get a gov-
ernment permit.
Delays can afect any of the three
main parties in a construction project.
Landowners can turn out to have prob-
lems with their title and face difcul-
ties getting a permit. Developers can
run short of money or lose interest in
the project or otherwise not build. And
people who buy units before construc-
tion is complete are often at the mercy
of developers.
In U Mg Mgs case, he said a strong-
er contract between the developers and
the landowners would have ensured
building actually began on time or
have been cancelled, while a stronger
contract between him and the develop-
ers would allow him to have cancelled
his investment and reclaim his deposit
after construction did not begin.
Crucial in formal, contracted agree-
ments is that dates for development
must be specied and clauses allowing
parties to back out must be formalised
or people and businesses risk sinking
money into projects with no progress
in sight.
Developers and landowners should
clearly state in the contract when build-
ing will begin, said U Mg Mg. If a date
isnt specied in the contract and the
construction company doesnt start,
the owner cant do anything but sit and
Land owners ought to exercise cau-
tion when selecting a developer or risk
being stuck with an empty lot and a de-
veloper without the interest or ability
to build, say insiders.
Some landowners insufciently re-
search construction rms history or
are otherwise duped when signing a
contract to build on their land, said
U Aung Min, manager of Myat Min
Likewise, some developers also nd
out the landowner does not have
proper title, complicating eforts to
build the project, he said.
If theres weakness in the agree-
ment, the two sides should not build
the contracted building, because if they
do it can be a problem, he said.
In U Mg Mgs case, the developer
has applied for a YCDC permit, but the
type of the land is in dispute and mak-
ing it more difcult to get a permit to
proceed, said U Mg Mg.
We cant cancel the contract be-
cause it says the developer has two
years after starting work to nish the
project but digging hasnt started be-
cause of the land possession problem,
he said.
The developer is frustrated by hav-
ing to wait for the landowner to solve
the issue over the status of the land. U
Mg Mg added developers should also
closely check what type of land they are
building on before proceeding.
Development companies say that
while they are often blamed for pro-
jects not starting, the problem is some-
times on the landowners side.
There should be phrasing in eve-
ry contract that says if construction
doesnt start a year after signing, the
contract is cancelled, said U Aung
Min. Landowners also shouldnt try
to contract a construction company if
they dont have permission to build the
Taw Win Construction director U
Thura Zaw said he has also faced this
problem, signing a contract to build
a ve-storey build in South Okkalapa
Although the land in South Ok-
kalapa is registered in the landowners
name as grant land, YCDC will not al-
low building to begin due to legacy is-
sues, he said.
So we cant construct the building
in time, and face many problems with
presale buyers, he said, adding he has
waited two years for the situation to be
Yet developers themselves often
overreach or underperform.
Developers sometimes sign up to
build several projects, but only build
the most lucrative ones rst, letting
others languish, said U Yan Aung, man-
ager of Asia Builders Construction.
Also some developers run out of money
while developing.
Although many developers want
to sign contracts they have prepared
themselves, it is best to hire a profes-
sional lawyer to make sure everything
is in order, he added.
Buyers also need to be careful when
agreeing to purchase a unit before
work starts.
Mandalay-based lawyer U Tin
Maung said legal experts work to help
their clients understand what they are
agreeing to when they sign a contract.
If done properly, pre-sale buyers can ar-
range to have their deposit returned to
them under a contract if certain targets
are not met, he said.
However, for those who have al-
ready signed a contract that is not spe-
cic enough and now face problems, it
is usually best to try and solve the is-
sues through direct negotiations rather
than turning to government ofcials,
he said.
It can take a long time for the gov-
ernment to get to the bottom of some
cases, he added.
Ignore contracts
for construction
at your peril
Developers and
land owners should
clearly state in
the contract when
building will begin.
U Mg Mg
Disappointed buyer
THAKIN Mya park rst opened
on Union Day February 12 in
1989. Since then, its six acres in
Ahlone township have been gently
It has been overgrown with
bushes and trees, and Yangon City
Development Committee ofcials
admit maintenance could be better.
YCDC Playground and Garden
Department head U Ko Ko Lin
said parks like Thakin Mya will im-
proved this year as part of a city-
wide attempt to spruce up Yangons
green space.
Thakin Mya will receive re-
furbishments and maintenance
worth K171 million this scal year,
he said.
Our department will be up-
grading and preparing the citys
parks and playgrounds to be a
place for the public to come and
feel free and relaxed, he said.
The people appreciate this
change, and ask us to upgrade
more parks.
The department is midway
through plans from 2013 to 2015 to
refurbish about 30 parks and play-
grounds in the city.
For the 2014-15 year it has target-
ed Thakin Mya park, as well as K70
million earmarked for Inya park
and K188 million for Nantha Myan
park, as priority sites, he said.
YCDC also realises that one-of
investments will not be enough,
and it is looking at how best to
maintain projects in the years
We will green the area and
pretty the view, and also install wa-
ter sprinklers, he said. Some parks
will also receive Japanese green
grass and playground installations.
Also, the department will not al-
low private restaurants to operate
on the citys parks, as they should
be for the public, he said.
As is the case with Yangons
Maha Bandoola park, plans call for
the other refurbished parks to be
closed in the evening and entrance
fees will not be collected.
There are 63 parks in Yangon
Region, though Maha Bandoola
near Sule Pagoda is the citys best
Five diferent parks have al-
ready been upgraded by YCDC,
including Maha Bandoola and
Kandaw Mingalar.
Green plans sprung for parks
Thakin Mya park is currently a
bit of a fixer-upper. Photo: Yu Yu
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is in need of the following positions:
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is in need of the following
HR Business Partner Country Offce
Assistant Scientist Agronomy
Offcer Administrative Coordination
Offcer Accounting
All positions are based at IRRI Myanmar Offce, Yangon, Myanmar.
For further details about IRRI and above job opportunities, please visit
Interested candidates should submit CV with a cover letter stating motivation to apply
for the position.
Candidates should apply online at (go to search the IRRI job board and
look for the position titles above, click and apply).
IRRI is an Equal Opportunity Employer that values diversity
Women and minorities are encouraged to apply
Join Us to Deliver Rice Science for a Better World
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is seeking for talented candidates to work
at its country offce, Yangon, Myanmar.
Supported by the CGIAR, IRRI is a non-proft, publicly funded international organization
engaged in the research and
development of rice-related technologies for poor farmers. We provide world class
facilities, highly competitive benefts, and gender-sensitive environment.
Application process
Myanmar people will need to be trained, but luckily Myanmar
people are good learners.
U Maung Maung Lay, vice chair of UMFCCI
Verdicts announced in
second Khmer Rouge case
WORLD 44-5
YANGON is rapidly attracting invest-
ment in large-scale construction pro-
jects, with the face of the city quickly
Other ASEAN countries have also ex-
perienced building booms, but few have
seen the rapid pace that has come to
Yangon, and the challenges this brings.
Edgar Kwan Chi Ping, chief develop-
ment ofcer of Marga Landmark, said it
is good for the country the property sec-
tor is developing, but the boom needs to
be overseen properly.
Previously, some buildings were
worn out in a short period and were of-
ten poorly designed pointing
ultimately to weak construc-
tion management, he said.
Thats why local civil
engineers and construction
workers need good training
from international man-
agement, he said.
Marga Land-
mark is planning
to develop
Dagon City 1, a
project worth
an estimated
US$300 million
at U Htaung
Bo trafc circle
near Yangons
Pagoda. Comprised of
developers from Hong
Kong, as well as
Britain, Korea and
Myanmar, company ofcials
previously said they hope to
have part of the project under-
way by the end of 2014.
Mr Kwan said international
exposure will greatly improve
the quality of domestic
work, as they have
seen limited
foreign invest-
ment in the
I dont ac-
cept Myan-
mar engi-
neers and
as being
low quality,
just because
they need training
and awareness, he
If Myanmar engineers and work-
ers are taught under an international
system, the construction sector will
improve, he said. Local workers are
polite and eager to learn, so if they get
international training and experiences
their quality will be high.
He added government and other or-
ganisations could send local engineers
and workers abroad for exposure to for-
eign best practices, which is knowledge
that could be put to use domestically.
The construction sector faces several
problems that are common to emerging
markets, such as safety, maintenance
and engineering quality.
Safety should be the main point in
construction, but one problem is that
safety equipment is generally expen-
sive and unavailable in many emerging
markets therefore safety practices are
also overlooked to save costs and time,
he said. Insurance is another area that
is often lacking in emerging markets.
Mr Kwan added it is important the
buildings are properly maintained, as
many buildings lack proper mainte-
nance in emerging markets and erode
to the detriment of the skylines beauty.
Marga makes case for foreign expertise
I dont accept
Myanmar engineers
and workers as
being low quality,
just because they
need training.
Edgar Kwan Chi Ping
Marga Landmark ofcial
NOTICE is hereby given that BINO International Pte Ltd a company
organized under the laws of Singapore and having its principal offce at
8, New Industrial Road, LHK 3, #02-03, Singapore, 536200 is the owner
and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:-
(Reg: No. IV/3596/2014)
(Reg: No. IV/3597/2014)
the above two trademarks are in respect of :- Paper, cardboard and
goods made from these materials (not included in other classes); printed
matter; bookbinding material, book covers; offce requisites (except
furniture), wrist supports; stationery, including lever arch fles, ring
binders, portfolios, register sheets,folders and suspension fles, storage
boxes, suspension fle archives, drawer and tray fles, letter trays, drawer
insertions, foor racks, book ends and catalogue holders, poster hangers,
indexes and dividers, including number and alphabet indexes, indexes
and dividers of cardboard, PVC and polypropylene (PP), telephone
indexes, dividers and registers, sets of indexes, dividers and tabs, pockets
of PVC and polypropylene (PP), including signal pockets, zip pockets,
credit card pockets, business cards pockets, disc pockets, folders; desk
pads, holders, clip strips; albums and photo albums; calendars; shields
and labels and label holders, tape and tape roll holders, correction tape
and correction fuid, name tabs, laminated name cards, fling cards,
paper clips, clip holders; drawing pins; folders for periodicals, folders for
documents; clipboards; fipover charts and paper therefor; whiteboards
and pens therefor; planner boards; magnetic boards; perforators and hole
reinforcements; reinforcement edges for lever arch fles, ringbinders,
register sheets, indexes, fling cards, sets of indexes and dividers;
reinforcements for plastic pockets and folders ; stapling presses, stapling
tongs, stapling machines and tongs, staple removers; writing instruments,
including pens, whiteboard pens, pencils, fne liners, rollerball pens,
markers, pens for writing on greasy surfaces, Indian ink pens, ball pens,
ink, pencils, pencil sharpeners, leads for pencils, rubber erasers, pen
holders, pencil cases; compasses for drawing, accessories (not included
in other classes) for the above-mentioned goods; adhesives for stationery
or household purposes; artists materials; paint brushes; typewriters;
wastepaper baskets, paper knives; drawing instruments including rulers,
rods, pointers, angles, angle meters, squares, templates and stencils, cross-
hatching devices (drawing instrument), curves and curve holders; fexible
curves, ship curves, radius curves; drawing table brushes; cutting boards;
tubes for the storage of drawings; instructional and teaching materials
(except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other
classes); playing cards; printers type; printing blocks. Class: 16
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for BINO International Pte Ltd
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
Notice is hereby given that BIOFARMA of 50, rue Carnot 92284
Suresnes cedex , FRANCE, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of
the following trademarks: _
(Reg: No. IV/10653/2014)
(Reg: No.IV/10654/2014)
(Reg: No.IV/10655/2014)
In respect of: -
Pharmaceutical preparations. In class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Nyein Kyaw
B.Sc., Dip Engg., R.L., D.B.L.
Room 007, Inya Lake Hotel
37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar
Tes: (951) 9662866
Date: 11
August, 2014
36 Property
Surmountable decorating
choices part of the Yangon deal
The blue carpet in the dining room rst
caught House of the Weeks eye. Varia-
tions of parquet and tile often domi-
nate the oors in Yangon homes, but
the carpet certainly added a different
hue to the room.
Still, were not sure if it should stay
or go. It is a bold colour for a dining
room oor and not altogether solid,
plus there is no vacuum cleaner in
House of the Weeks cleaning closet.
The blue carpet is just one salient
feature of this interesting one-storey
house in Yankin township. It boasts
one master bedroom, two single bed-
rooms, one living room, one dining
room and two bathrooms.
The space is there for a garden, but
it will require a little work before host-
ing your rst outdoor cocktail party in
your new home. However, if the priority
is kicking around a football with your
children, it may be best to leave the
outdoor space as-is.
The homes ve air conditioners
make it cool and airy, and it has some
furnishings as well as municipal water.
Yankin is a bit of a hike from down-
town, but near many businesses and
ofces. The price is directly negotia-
ble with the owner. If you are looking
for a decent compound, this is a good
choice. Just consider what to do with
the carpet. Tin Yadanar Htun
Location : Pyitawaye St, Yankin Tsp.
Price : K3million per month
Contact : Estate Myanmar
Real Estate Agency
Phone : 09-43118787, 09-43031699
Asias priciest property on sale
ASIAS most expensive home per
square foot is set to go on sale in
Hong Kong, which boasts some of the
worlds costliest properties despite ef-
forts to curb skyrocketing prices.
The 4661-square-foot (433-square-
metre) ultra-luxury home, located in
the southern Chinese citys afuent
Peak district, comes with a HK$819
million (US$105.67 million) price tag.
This would make it Asias most
expensive home per square foot if a
buyer matches the price sought by de-
veloper Sun Hung Kai Properties, ac-
cording to analysts.
With four bedrooms the house is
compact by luxury standards, but it
comes with a swimming pool, jacuzzi,
elevator and an exclusive location on
Victoria Peak, the central mountain
on Hong Kong island that ofers spec-
tacular views over the city.
It should be Asias most expen-
sive per square foot if sold at the
asking price, said Joanne Lee, man-
ager for Colliers International re-
search department.
Despite eforts by Hong Kongs
government to curb property prices
by boosting stamp duty for foreign
residential property buyers, Ms Lee
said developers are still pricing prop-
erty projects aggressively to tap into
demand from wealthy buyers from
mainland China.
They are trying to attract main-
land buyers instead of local buyers,
she said.
Some mainlanders, they are look-
ing for this kind of thing-like the big-
gest or the most expensive houses.
There is no date set for the public
sale, with the move-in date expected to
be later this year.
The government has in recent years
imposed new taxes, raised stamp duty
and staged a series of land auctions to
boost supply and bring down prices in
an attempt to tame one of the worlds
least afordable housing markets.
A luxury 6200-square-foot apart-
ment in a building designed by Pritz-
ker Prize-winning architect Frank
Gehry sold for HK$470 million in Au-
gust 2012.
At the time of purchase it was be-
lieved to be the worlds second-most
expensive apartment after a penthouse
at at Londons One Hyde Park. AFP
This front gate belongs to Asias most expensive home in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP
Johnson & Johnson, a corporation incorporated in the United States
of America, of One Johnson & Johnson Plaza, New Brunswick, New
Jersey, 08933 U.S.A., is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 12839/2013
in respect of Class 05: Antimicrobial additive used in the
manufacture of fnished plastic products.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
for Johnson & Johnson
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
Dated: 11 August 2014
Notice is hereby given that BIOFARMA of 50, rue Carnot 92284
Suresnes cedex , FRANCE, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of
the following trademarks: _
(Reg: No. IV/10652/2014)
(Reg: No.IV/10657/2014)
In respect of: -
Pharmaceutical preparations. In class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Nyein Kyaw
B.Sc., Dip Engg., R.L., D.B.L.
Room 007, Inya Lake Hotel
37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar
Tes: (951) 9662866
Date: 11
August, 2014
AgriSource, a Bangkok-based food and agribusiness consult-
ing company, is seeking a Myanmar Project Manager. The
position is in Yangon. The candidate must be a Myanmar
national, reside in Yangon, have at least 2 years experience
in agriculture, agribusiness or market research and have
strong communication (read, speak, write) skills in English and
Burmese. The position will conduct research & feld interviews,
write reports in English, manage projects, and maintain busi-
ness relationships. Email resume with photo and salary re-
quirement to:, or call +66-2-251-
Request for Proposal
With funding from the UNOPS/LIFT, the Program for Appropriate Technology
in Health (PATH) is implementing a project to enable the introduction of forti-
fed rice in Myanmar and the project approach is through three components 1)
Supportive policy environment in place developed with government and key
stakeholders in order to engage supply chain and distribution actors, 2) estab-
lished sustainable local production and distribution of fortifed rice and 3) strong
and sustained demand for fortifed rice from consumers, NGOs, and national/
subnational agencies involved in food distribution. The project period covers
from October 2013 to March 2017.
PATH is seeking competitive bids for the design and implementation compo-
nent 2 to establish sustainable local production and distribution of fortifed rice
in Myanmar working with private sector partners in Yangon and Ayeyarwaddy.
Interested organizations are encouraged to review the request for proposal
noting the frst due date of providing confrmation of interest by August 14,
2014.Electronic copies of the RFP can be requested by email to Dr. Phyo Min
Swe ( with cc. to Mr. Le Cao Thang (
The United States government, represented by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), invites qualifed
companies/individuals to submit proposals to provide dedicated transportation services (three vehicles with three
drivers) to perform day-to-day transportation services for USAID personnel and to meet the ad-hoc needs for high level
visits and for other purposes in support the operation of USAID/Burma. Under the guidance and supervision of the
USAID Mission, the company/individual will operate dedicated vehicles with dedicated drivers to provide transportation
services to/from destinations within Burma.
The company/individual will provide three air-conditioned vehicles, two four wheel drive vehicles and one people carrier
(minimum 6 passenger seats). The company/individual will provide dedicated transportation services to include drivers,
insurance, maintenance and administrative support.
Your proposal should be accompanied by a brief introduction letter about your company.
The award of a contract hereunder is subject to the availability of funds. Issuance of this RFP does not constitute an
award or commitment on the part of the U.S. Government, nor does it commit the U.S. Government to pay for costs
incurred in the preparation and submission of a proposal.
Key responsibilities:
Perform day-to-day transportation to USAID personnel and VIP visitors to and from various destinations within Burma.
Courier service support may be required including picking up or delivering offcial documents, etc.
For full details of the solicitation requirements, including knowledge, skills and abilities; maintenance costs: insurance/
liability; drivers please see the published RFP:
Question and proposal submissions under this RFP shall be submitted by the date and time specifed above with
attention to: Tommy Harrold, USAID/Burma, 110 University Avenue, Kamayut Township 11041, Yangon
Closing date for receipt of question: August 20, 2014 (4pm)
Closing date for receipt of proposal: August 28, 2014 (4pm)
Type of Award: Fixed Price
Basis for Award: Soliciting competition, evaluation of quotations or offers, award and documentation
(FAR Part 13.106)
Vacancy Notice
VN No. 2014/011
UNFPA because everyone counts. The United Nations Population Fund: Delivering a world where every pregnancy is
wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young persons potential is fulflled.
Interested in being part of a multi-cultural team delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe,
every young person's potential is fulflled in Myanmar? Come and join us, because at UNFPA, everyone counts. We are
seeking a creative, dynamic and highly motivated individual to join our growing effort to drive forward to the next level of
UNFPA country programme on population, gender equality and reproductive health and rights for the people in Myanmar.
If youre looking for an opportunity to make a difference, thrive in a challenging yet rewarding teamwork environment, we
wish to hear from you.
Position Type of Contract Grade Duty Station Deadline
Programme Associate Humanitarian Affairs Unit SC7 Yangon 21 August 2014
Applications should be addressed to UNFPA Representative. Attention: International Operations Manager, Room A-07,
UNFPA, No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon.
For further details, please see the vacancy announcement posted at UN billboard. No.6, Natmauk Road, Yangon and also
at UNFPA website (
Applications will be considered only when meeting all requirements set in detailed vacancy announcement.
Program Manager - Education
(Salary will be negotiated based on skills and experience)
The Australian Embassy in Yangon is a medium sized diplomatic agency representing the Australian
Government in Myanmar. It is staffed by employees of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the
Australian Federal Police, the Department of Immigration and Border Protection, the Australian Trade
Commission and the Department of Defence.
The Program Manager - Education is responsible for providing high level policy and program advice to
support the implementation of the Australian Governments aid assistance to the people of Myanmar.
The role involves contributing to the development and design of sector programs, and leading and
managing a small team.
The successful applicant will have an excellent opportunity to work with an established organisation
offering the opportunity to progress their skills and work experience.
The application form and position description can be obtained from the Australian Embassy, 88 Strand
Road, or downloaded from the Embassy website at:
Applications should be lodged at the Embassy or emailed to together
with a statement of claims not exceeding two pages addressing the selection criteria and a copy of your
CV with one recent passport sized photo. The closing date for applications is 4:00 pm on Friday 22
August 2014.
Selection Criteria
The appointee should have the following qualifcations and experience:
Demonstrated international experience in management and review of education sector programs/
Demonstrated ability to manage change and think strategically in a changing environment.
Well-developed analytical skills with a practical focus.
Demonstrated experience in professional relationship building and partnership management.
Well-developed people management skills, including coaching and mentoring skills.
Excellent oral and written communication skills in English.
Good knowledge of modern offce procedures, practices, methods and equipment including use of
standard personal computer software programs such as Microsoft Word and Excel.
1. The Australian Embassy does not discriminate in regards to race, ethnicity, gender and age.
2. Only those candidates whose qualifcations and experience are of further interest will be
contacted for an interview.
Science & Technology
FREE messaging app Viber has 5 million
registered users in Myanmar, the Rakuten-
owned company recently revealed.
This just in: Viber announced today
at its very rst event in Yangon that it
has reached 5 million registered users in
Myanmar, the messaging startup tweet-
ed on July 30.
Viber has seen its Myanmar regis-
tered user base spike more than 150 per-
cent in about half a year, up from less
than 2 million users in February. That
month, the company reported its count
of global registered users at about 280
On Device Research, a mobile mar-
ket research company, called Vibers
hold on the Myanmar chat applica-
tions market a monopoly and re-
ported almost 80 percent of the coun-
trys mobile internet users tap into
the app. Meanwhile, the Cyprus-based
company also pointed to a Telenor sur-
vey rolled out on Facebook that saw
nearly two-thirds of users call Viber
their preferred messaging app.
We believe the key to capturing
the hearts and minds of Viber users
in any particular market is by ofering
unique localized content that reects
the values and culture of its people,
said Michael Shmilov, Vibers Head
of Product in a press release. We are
committed to delivering a great expe-
rience for Myanmar users and were
looking forward to providing content
that resonates locally.
The companys user base could
grow even more now that telecoms
in Myanmar are undergoing what
some characterize as a revolution. SIM
cards from Ooredoo have arrived, with
Telenor SIMs and new oferings from
MPT sure to follow.
CODE for Change Myanmar, which
put on Myanmars rst hackathon
last March, has announced its sec-
ond competition: the Business
Solutions Hackathon. The two-day
event, slated for September, sets
Myanmar developers the task of
nding xes to problems confront-
ing local businesses.
Code for Change Myanmars
inaugural hackathon saw 76 de-
velopers on 17 teams try to tackle
issues brought in by NGOs. Its sec-
ond event trades social struggles
for those of the Myanmar business
sector, like problems with internal
management and communications.
But the organisation hopes more
than apps emerge from its upcom-
ing competition.
The purpose of this hacka-
thon is to develop technology
solutions to some of the challenges
that are faced by small and medium
businesses in Myanmar, says
David Madden, founder of Code for
Change Myanmar. But we have this
other objective which is to help the
growth and the development of the
technology community.
In Myanmar, where that com-
munity is still evolving, some might
be unclear on what hackathons are.
Madden explains the term comes
from combining the words hack
and marathon. But instead of run-
ning for 26 miles, developers at his
organisations events strive for 48
hours straight to solve problems
using technology. Past products of
other hackathons include GroupMe,
the messaging app, and the Like
button on Facebook.
Code for Change Myanmars com-
petition seems to stress the impor-
tance of homegrown remedies to
problems that crop up in developers
own backyards. The hackathon may
serve as a jumping-of point for those
on both sides of the tech fence, with
businesses choosing to keep working
with developers after the event.
The other thing about ... us-
ing hackathons and using local
tech talent, is youre investing in
the country, says Julian Gorman,
the founder of IdeaBox (one of the
hackathons sponsors) and direc-
tor of digital services at Ooreedoo
Myanmar. IdeaBox is all about
providing opportunities for young
tech talent to actually grow their ca-
reers, grow their opportunities and
sell solutions for Myanmar people.
Its about investing in Myanmar for
Myanmar people.
Right now, an investment into
the technology ecosystem in My-
anmar looks like a safe bet. The
groundswell around the tech move-
ment puts mobile penetration
reaching 80 percent by 2015-2016,
according to the Ministry of Tele-
communications and Information
The Business Solutions Hacka-
thon is sponsored by Internews,
USAID, Ooredoo, IdeaBox, Singtech,
Nescafe and Red Bull. At stake are
Singtech devices as well as cash
prizes, which come to double that
ofered last year. The last day to ap-
ply to take part or send in an issue
is August 22, 2014, with the event
taking place September 5-7.
Viber holds monopoly as
number of users grow
Yangons second hackathon
scheduled for September
WHILE Ooredoo SIM cards ofcially
went on sale last week at K1500 per
card, consumers in Yangon and Man-
dalay have reported that a black market
selling cards at inated rates has already
sprung up.
Reports from Yangon and Mandalay
indicate that the average price for SIMs
is K5000, with some going as high as
However, representatives from Oore-
doo remain condent that by the end
of the month, when their SIMs will be
available in any of the companys 6000
retailers nationwide, the black market
will disappear.
So far, the SIMs have only had a
limited release in Yangon, Mandalay,
and Nay Pyi Taw, with the larger launch
coming at the end of August.
We will try to make the black mar-
ket disappear this month Well make
sure theres an equal balance of sup-
ply and demand, said U Myint Zaw, a
spokesperson for Ooredoo.
U Myint Zaw went on to say that
consumers are free to contact Ooredoo
and report mobile shops that are mark-
ing up the cards.
Its a problem familiar to Myanma
Post and Telecommunications, who
have made several attempts to release
large quantaties of cheap SIM cards only
to be undermined by SIM scalpers.
MPT SIMs released on April 24 for
K1500 are still being resold for as much
as K100000.
We told mobile shops to sell SIM
cards for K1500 ofcially. If mobile
shops sell Ooredoo SIM cards for over
K1500, customers can inform Ooredoo
Myanmar by telling us the mobile shops
location and name. We will take action
and meet with any mobile shops who
are selling Ooredoo SIM cards for over
K1500, said U Myint Zaw.
Black market persists for Ooredoo SIMs
With SIMs only available in a handful of shops, demand continues to trump supply in Yangon and Mandalay, customers say
A monk purchases an Ooredoo card from a Yangon mobile shop. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
Viber users nationwide
Science & Technology
Gadget Round-up
by Myo Satt
Available: Cyber Plus
34, 2
Street, Lanmadaw township, Yangon. Ph: 01-227 593, 09-730 56483
This Japanese-style carrying bag is suitable for a
13.3-inch laptop and A4 les. Strong, light and
fashionable, with a dual-colour design.
With smart design as well as neat strong stitching, this
bag works as a sling or a handbag. Available in brown,
blue or black.
This bag can swallow laptops up to 16.4 inches,
and its additional pocket is useful for toting
charger cords and accessories. K21,600
Two side pockets make this bag useful for
your many accessories, while its strong
stitching will save your laptop from
damage. Comes in brown, blue or black.
Translation by Thiri Min Htun
NOTICE is hereby given that N.V. Sumatra Tobacco Trading
Company a company organized under the laws of Indonesia and
having its principal offce at Jalan Pattimura No. 3, Pematang
Siantar, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia is the owner and sole proprietor
of the following trademark:-
(Reg: No. IV/5941/2014)
in respect of :- Electronic cigarettes for use as an alternative to
traditional cigarettes; electronic cigarettes; refll cartridges for
electronic cigarettes; chewing tobacco; tobacco powder namely
snus, snuff, cigarettes containing tobacco substitutes, not for
medical purposes Class: 34
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for N.V. Sumatra Tobacco Trading Company
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Konica Minolta, Inc. a joint-stock
company duly organized under the law of Japan, Manufactures and
Merchants of 2-7-2, Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan is the
Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark:
(Reg: Nos. IV/7261/2005 & IV/5947/2014)
In respect of:- Chemical products used in photography such as developer;
photosensitive materials to be used in electrophotographic copying
apparatus or printer; consumable supplies for electrophotographic
printers or copying apparatus such as toner, developer and papers;
consumable supplies for the facsimile transmitting, receiving apparatus
and world processors such as thermosensible paper, foppy disk and
ink ribbon; photographic, cinematographic, optical, scientifc, physical,
chemical, electronic, weighing, measuring, signaling, checking
(supervision) machines and apparatus; photographic cameras; motion
picture cameras; accessories for cameras, namely, exchangeable
lenses, electronic fashes, camera cases, bags; binoculars; exposure
meters used in photography; microflm cameras; meters used in
industry, namely, TV color balance analyzers, illuminance meters,
luminance meters, colorimeters, meters of color temperature of light,
thermometers, chlorophyll meters, spectrophotometer, glossmeter,
video tape recording and/or reproducing apparatus; namely, video
cameras, video decks, video tuners; diazo-type copying machines;
photographic copying machines; electrophotographic copying
apparatus; automatic rotary copying machines, digital copying
machines, scanners; computers, computer hardware and software;
electrophographic printers such as laser beam printers; consumable
supplies for the copying machines such as toner, developer and
papers; microflm reading and/or receiving apparatus; optical lenses,
prism, optical glasses and optical raw materials for optical glasses;
optical raw glass; optical fbers; hand-operating calculating machines;
planetariums; facsimile transmitting and/or receiving apparatus word
processors; parts and accessories for afore said goods; punch-card
system machine; medical and surgical apparatus and instruments and/
or parts and ftting therefor; measuring apparatus and instruments for
medical use; jaundice meter for measuring levels of jaundice; oximeter
for measuring saturation levels of blood oxygen; parts and accessories
for the aforesaid goods; photographic offce requisites, printed matter
or periodicals, photographs, prints, paper shredders and accessories for
aforesaid goods, thermosensitive paper, paper to be used for facsimile
or electrophographic copying apparatus; trunks, cases, pouches and
bags for photographic, cinematographic and optical apparatus and
instruments. Class: 9
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Konica Minolta, Inc.
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
WorldWORLD EDITOR: Fiona MacGregor
US warplanes were sent into the skies
over Iraq last week to drop food to
refugees and, if necessary, launch air
strikes to halt what President Barack
Obama called a potential genocide.
The US air armadas rst mission
on August 7 was to drop food and wa-
ter to thousands of members of the
Yazidi religious minority besieged by
Sunni extremist ghters from the so-
called Islamic State.
But Mr Obama warned that he had
also authorised the military to carry
out targeted strikes in support of Iraqi
forces to break the Islamists advance
or to protect US advisers working on
the ground.
The president said US warplanes
could also target Islamic State (IS)
militants if they advance on the city of
Arbil, where the US has a diplomatic
presence and advisers to Iraqi forces.
We plan to stand vigilant and take
action if they threaten our facilities
anywhere in Iraq, including the consu-
late in Arbil and embassy in Baghdad,
he said.
A senior US defense ofcial con-
rmed the mission had already
dropped critical meals and water for
thousands of Iraqi citizens, Yazidis,
trapped in the open on Mount Sinjar
in northern Iraq.
Mr Obama said there were perhaps
tens of thousands of civilian refugees,
and he accused the IS of attempting
the systematic destruction of the en-
tire people, which would constitute
The president admitted the United
States cannot act every time it sees
injustice, but insisted, We can act,
carefully and responsibly to prevent a
potential act of genocide.
Thats what were doing on that
mountain. I therefore authorised tar-
geted air strikes if necessary to help
forces in Iraq as they ght to break the
siege and protect the civilians trapped
there, he added.
Despite this note of determination,
Mr Obama was at pains to assure war
weary Americans that he, the presi-
dent who withdrew US forces from
Iraq, was not about to get dragged
into ghting another war.
American combat troops will not
be returning to ght in Iraq, because
there is no American military solu-
tion to the larger crisis in Iraq, he
Earlier, in New York, the United
Nations Security Council urged world
powers to support the government
and the people of Iraq and to do all
it can to help alleviate the sufering of
the population.
Iraqi Ambassador Ali al-Hakim
said the meeting focused on the need
for urgent relief eforts to help civil-
ians eeing the violence, and denied
reports that air strikes had also been
carried out.
Separately, French President Fran-
cois Hollandes ofce said, France was
available to support forces engaged in
this battle.
Mr Obama came to ofce deter-
mined to end US military involvement
in Iraq and in his rst term oversaw
the withdrawal of the huge ground
force deployed there since the 2003
American invasion.
But recent rapid gains by the Is-
lamic State, a successor group to al-
Qaedas former Iraqi and Syrian oper-
ations, compelled him to send military
adviswrs back to Baghdad to evaluate
the situation.
The Sunni extremists, along with
other Sunni factions, are at war with
Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Malikis
mainly Shiite government forces and
with the Peshmerga forces of the Kurd-
ish autonomous region of the country.
In late June, IS proclaimed a ca-
liphate straddling rebel-held areas of
Syria and Iraq and seized the major
city of Mosul. Since the start of this
month, it has seized towns formerly
populated by Christians and Yazidis.
Iraqi religious leaders say Islamic
State militants have forced 100,000
Iraqi Christians to ee and have occu-
pied churches, removing crosses and
destroying manuscripts.
Qaraqosh, Tal Kayf, Bartella and
Karamlesh have been emptied of their
original population and are now un-
der the control of the militants, Jo-
seph Thomas, the Chaldean Catholic
archbishop of Kirkuk and Sulaimani-
yah, said.
Entirely Christian Qaraqosh lies
between Mosul, the jihadists main
hub in Iraq, and Arbil, the Kurdish re-
gions capital. It usually has a popula-
tion of around 50,000.
Tal Kayf, the home of a signicant
Christian community as well as mem-
bers of the Shabak Shiite minority,
also emptied overnight.
Meanwhile, several thousand
Yazidis, members of an ancient pre-
Muslim religious minority, are strand-
ed on high ground after being driven
out of their home town of Sinjar by IS
Fares Sinjari Abu Ivan, a Yazidi
beekeeper who ed with his 80-year-
old mother to the barren mountains,
told AFP by phone that some groups
had attempted to ee but experienced
mixed fortunes.
We have spoken to some who
made it to Turkey but in their ight,
they encountered Daash [Islamic
State] ghters who cut the road. Some
ed, some were killed and others came
back to the mountain.
Turkish ofcials said up to 800 dis-
placed Sinjaris made their own way to
Turkey, while the PKK Kurdish separa-
tist group said it had evacuated sever-
al families after opening a safe passage
to Syria. AFP
Obama authorises airstrikes
over Yazidi genocide threat
An Iraqi Yazidi woman who fled the violence in the northern town of Sinjar, cries at at a school where she is taking shelter
in the city of Dohuk in Iraqs autonomous Kurdistan region, on August 5. Photo: AFP
[The militants
are attempting]
the systematic
destruction of an
entire people.
Barack Obama
US president
THE killer Ebola epidemic ravaging
parts of west Africa was declared an
international health emergency on
August 8 by the World Health Organi-
zation as it appealed for global aid to
help aficted countries.
The decision after a two-day emer-
gency session behind closed doors in
Geneva means global travel restrictions
may be put in place to halt its spread as
the overall death toll nears 1000.
The WHO move comes as US
health authorities admitted on August
7 that Ebolas spread beyond west Af-
rica was inevitable, and after medi-
cal charity Doctors Without Borders
(MSF) warned that the deadly virus
was now out of control with more
than 60 outbreak hotspots.
WHO director Dr Margaret Chan
appealed for greater international
aid for the countries worst hit by the
outbreak, which she described as the
most serious in four decades, echo-
ing an earlier claim by MSF that the
epidemic is unprecedented in terms
of geographical distribution, people
infected and deaths.
States of emergency were in efect
across overwhelmed west African na-
tions, including Libera, Guinea and
Sierra Leone.
Soldiers in Liberias Grand Cape
Mount province, one of the worst-
afected areas, set up road blocks to
limit travel to the capital Monrovia, as
bodies reportedly lay unburied in the
citys streets.
Two towns in the east of Sierra
Leone, Kailahun and Kenema, were
put under quarantine on August 7, as
nightclubs and entertainment venues
across the country were ordered shut.
Public sector doctors in Nigeria
suspended a month-long strike with
fears rising that the virus is taking
hold in sub-Saharan Africas most
populous country. The deadly tropical
disease has already killed two and in-
fected ve others in Lagos.
Ebola has claimed at least 932 lives
and infected more than 1700 people
since breaking out in Guinea earlier
this year, according to the WHO.
As African nations struggled with
the scale of the epidemic, the scientists
who discovered the virus in 1976 have
called for an experimental drug being
used on two infected Americans to also
be made available for African victims.
One of the three, Peter Piot, direc-
tor of the London School of Hygiene
and Tropical Medicine, said African
countries should have the same op-
portunity to use ZMapp, which is
made by US company Mapp Pharma-
Ebola causes severe fever and, in
the worst cases, unstoppable bleeding.
It is transmitted through contact with
bodily uids, and people who live with
or care for patients are most at risk.
Spain ew home a 75-year-old Ro-
man Catholic priest, Miguel Pajares,
the rst European victim of the epi-
demic, on August 8. Ofcials said his
condition was stable.
In Liberia, President Ellen John-
son Sirleaf said people should expect
certain rights to be suspended as the
country imposes extraordinary meas-
ures necessary for the very survival
of our state.
In Sierra Leone, which has the
most conrmed infections, 800 troops
were sent to guard hospitals treating
Ebola patients, an army spokesperson
The outbreak in Nigeria has been
minor compared to those in Guinea,
Liberia and Sierra Leone.
The densely packed city of more
than 20 million people has a poor
healthcare system and ofcials say
Out of control Ebola declared world crisis
centenarians hold
secret to long life
Justice at last for
Khmer Rouge victims
WORLD 44 -45
Is tourism beating
romance at Sapas
love markets?
A Ukrainian
Orthodox priest
shouts as activists
still living in a protest
camp in Jieves
iconic Independence
Square scufed with
authorities trying
to clear the area on
August 7. The fate of
the symbolic site, the
epicentre of months
of bloody protests
that led to the
toppling in February
of president Viktor
Yanukovych, is a
is a hotly debated
topic in the strife-
torn country.
Out of control Ebola declared world crisis
that if Lagos sees a rise in infections,
public hospitals will need to be opera-
tional in order to avert a catastrophe.
Benin said it had placed two pa-
tients with Ebola-like symptoms in
isolation and was waiting for test re-
sults to establish if the pair were in-
The two infected Americans, who
worked for Christian aid agencies in
Liberia, have shown signs of improve-
ment since being own to a special-
ist hospital in Atlanta, Georgia. They
are being given ZMapp, according to
reports. There is no proven treatment
or cure for Ebola and the use of the
experimental drug has sparked an
ethical debate. US President Barack
Obama said it was too soon to send
the experimental drugs to west Africa.
I think we have to let the science
guide us. And I dont think all the
information is in on whether this drug
is helpful, he said on August 7.
US regulators meanwhile loosened
restrictions on another experimental
drug which may allow it to be tried on
infected patients in west Africa.
US health authorities also warned
Ebolas spread to the United States
was inevitable due to the nature of
global airline travel, but that any out-
break was not likely to be large. AFP
RIVAL forces in South Sudans civil
war should face sanctions and an
arms embargo, Human Rights Watch
said on August 8, reporting extraordi-
nary acts of cruelty it said amounted
to war crimes.
Thousands of people have been
killed and over 1.5 million have ed
almost eight months of carnage in the
worlds youngest nation, where aid
workers warn of famine within weeks
if ghting continues.
The scale and gravity of the abuses
warrant a comprehensive arms embar-
go on South Sudan, as well as targeted
sanctions on individuals responsible
for serious violations of international
law, HRW said.
The United States and the Europe-
an Union have already slapped penal-
ties on three senior army commanders
from the government and opposition,
while the regional IGAD bloc have
suggested they could follow suit if pro-
gress was not made.
US Secretary of State John Kerry
warned on August 5 that the inter-
national community was moving
toward a nal ultimatum to warring
parties, after meeting South Sudanese
President Salva Kiir in Washington.
Fighting broke out in December,
sparked by a power struggle between
Mr Kiir and his sacked deputy Riek
In July, South Sudan said it had
taken delivery of some US $14 mil-
lion (10.5 million euros) worth of arms
including anti-tank missiles, grenade
launchers and assault ries, bought
from China before ghting began.
But while diplomats report grow-
ing frustration at the collapse of cease-
re deals, they suggest sanctions on
the two leaders would be made only if
talks with Security Council envoys in
Juba stall.
Last week at least six aid workers
were killed in South Sudans Upper Nile
state, with the UN evacuating over 200
workers who supported some 125,000
refugees from neighbouring Sudan.
Civilians have been massacred, pa-
tients murdered in hospitals and peo-
ple killed sheltering in churches.
Calls for arms embargo to
halt S Sudan war crimes
Fresh attacks as truce ends
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
ordered the Israeli military to retali-
ate on August 8 after rocket attacks
by Gaza Palestinian militants followed
the end of a three-day truce, an ofcial
A 10-year-old child was the rst fa-
tality of the renewed assaults
The Israeli prime minister and
defence minister have ordered the
IDF (Israel defence forces) to retali-
ate forcefully to the Hamas breach
of the ceasere, an ofcial said in a
The army conrmed it had target-
ed terror sites across the Gaza Strip,
with a spokesperson telling AFP that
no Israeli soldiers had entered the Pal-
estinian territory.
The Palestinian interior ministry
and witnesses said Israeli warplanes
struck Jabaliya in northern Gaza, as
well as Gaza City and the centre of the
Palestinian enclave.
An Israeli air strike killed a 10-year-
old child in Gaza City, the rst death
reported since a 72-hour truce expired
earlu on August 8 Palestinian medics
said. A woman was wounded in the
same attack, emergency services said.
Israel announced earlier it had
targeted terror sites in the Gaza Strip
in response to 18 Palestinian rockets
red toward Israel. AFP
42 World THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
MALAYSIA Airlines will be taken
over by a state investment fund under
plans announced on August 8, ahead
of a complete overhaul aimed at sav-
ing the company from oblivion.
Khazanah Nasional, which already
owns 70 percent of the ag carrier,
said it intends to de-list the company,
purchase all minority shares and nal-
ise a restructuring plan by the end of
the month.
Speculation had been mounting
that Khazanah would step in and steer
Malaysia Airlines (MAS) of the stock
exchange to give the fund a freer hand
as it works to resuscitate a carrier in
crisis after the double disasters of
MH370 and MH17.
Flight MH370 disappeared mys-
teriously in March with 239 people
aboard, en route from Kuala Lumpur
to Beijing. No trace has been found
and the airline was widely criticised
for its handling of the crisis.
On July 17, MH17 was shot down
over Ukraine, with another 298 people
A Khazanah statement said all
stakeholders will need to work
together to save the company via a
complete overhaul extending across
the airlines operations, business
model, nances, human capital and
regulatory environment.
Nothing less will be required in
order to revive our national airline to
be protable as a commercial entity
and to serve its function as a critical
national development entity, the fund
The step, widely expected, requires
approval from MASs board. The air-
line said its operations would be unaf-
fected in the interim.
The 68-year-old ag carrier has
hemorrhaged cash for years as it
struggled to cope with intensifying in-
dustry competition.
Its future solvency is now in peril
as the twin tragedies have pummelled
MAS is burning through an esti-
mated US$2 million a day as a result
of its crumbling business and disaster-
related costs.
Analysts said Khazanah will need
to undertake a management purge
and painful layofs, and scrap major
routes in order to restore the compa-
nys bottom line and global reputation.
Malaysia Airlines previously had a
solid safety reputation.
But it lost 4.1 billion ringgit ($1.3
billion) from 2011-13, and a further
443 million ringgit ($138m) in the rst
quarter of this year, blaming MH370s
dramatic impact on bookings.
The company is expected to unveil
its second-quarter earnings in mid-
August. AFP
State to overhaul airline
NINE babies found in mysterious cir-
cumstances in a Bangkok apartment,
each with a supposed nanny, will under-
go DNA tests to determine the identity
of their parents, Thai authortities said
last week.
The discovery follows a scandal that
erupted after an Australian couple were
accused of abandoning a baby boy with
Downs syndrome born to a Thai surro-
gate, while taking home his twin sister.
There were no documents found
with the nine babies, leading authori-
ties at the emergency accommodation
where they are being cared for to guess
they are aged between two weeks and
two years old.
A Thai lawyer who was at the apart-
ment at the time of August 6 raid deep-
ened the mystery by telling police that
all nine babies were the children of an
unnamed wealthy Japanese man.
Also present at the plush condomin-
ium in a city suburb were nine nannies
and a pregnant woman, who later said
she was acting as a surrogate mother. The
nannies told authorities they were paid
US$310 a month to look after the children.
It was not immediately clear if the
babies were also born to surrogate
mothers. Were investigating how these
nine babies came to be in that room,
deputy national police chief Aek Ang-
sananont said.
We have to prove who their parents
are with DNA tests, and determine if
they were born naturally or by surro-
gacy, he said, adding the probe would
look at the legality of the surrogacies if
any have taken place.
Thai authorities have stepped up
their scrutiny of surrogacy in the king-
dom, following the controversy involv-
ing the Australian couple who have
denied they rejected the Downs baby, a
seven-month-old named Gammy.
The Thai surrogate mother said she
agreed to carry another Thai donors
egg fertilised by the Australian man in
exchange for around US$14,900. The
man, 56, has since been revealed to be a
convicted paedophile in Australia.
Thai medical ofcials say surrogacy
is illegal, unless it is with a relative, in
the kingdom and ofering money to car-
ry a baby is outright prohibited.
Surrogacy outside bloodline is il-
legal, Boonruang Triruangworawat, of
the Public Health Ministry, told report-
ers on August 7.
There are 45 public and private sur-
rogacy clinics in the kingdom and 240
doctors certied to carry out procedures.
Currently clinic owners who allow
[uncertied] doctors to perform surro-
gacy will be punished with one year in
jail and a ne of $600.
But in the wake of the baby Gammy
scandal, Thailands new junta rulers
have vowed to beef up punishments and
close current loopholes which they say
are being exploited by foreigners seek-
ing Thai surrogates.
A draft bill proposes a tighter ban
on commercial surrogacy carrying up
to 10 years in jail for anyone doctors,
egg donors, prospective parents or sur-
rogates found in breach, said a junta
spokesperson. AFP
Unidentified babies to be tested as
junta clamps down on surrogacy
A Malaysia Airlines staff member walks up to a flight prior to departure at Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang on
May 14. Photo: AFP
Nothing less [than a
complete overhaul]
will be required to
revive our national
Khanza National
Thai surrogate mother Pattaramon
Chanbua speaks to media at Samitivej
hospital on August 5. Photo: AFP
Johnson & Johnson, a corporation incorporated in the United
States of America, of One Johnson & Johnson Plaza, New
Brunswick, New Jersey, 08933 U.S.A., is the Owner of the
following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 10755/2013
in respect of Class 05: Human pharmaceutical preparations.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
for Johnson & Johnson
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
Dated: 11 August 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Parker Intangibles LLC, a
company under the laws of United States of America and having
its principal offce at 6035 Parkland Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio
44124, United States of America is the Owner and Sole Proprietor
of the following trademark: -
(Reg: Nos. IV/6134/2004 & IV/3589/2014)
in respect of :- Power take-off units for vehicles
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Parker Intangibles LLC,
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Aspen Global Incorporated a company
organized under the laws of Mauritius and having its principal offce at
c/o Kross Border Trust Services Limited, ST Louis Business Centre,
Cnr Desroches & St Louis Streets, Port Louis, Mauritius is the owner
and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-
(Reg: Nos. IV/8130/2007 & IV/9703/2014)
In respect of: - International class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Aspen Global Incorporated
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
LIMITED, a joint-stock company duly organized under the laws
of Japan, Manufacturers and Merchants of 3-5-1, Nihonbashi
Honcho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-8426, Japan is the Owner and Sole
Proprietor of the following trademark: -
(Reg: No. IV/2722/2008)
in respect of :- Anti-bacterial agent Class: 5
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
44 World THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
Justice at last
The road to conviction
Led by Brother Number One Pol
Pot, the communist Khmer Rouge
seized control of Cambodia in April
1975 and immediately began dis-
mantling modern society in their
drive to transform the country into
an agrarian utopia.
Up to 2 million people died from
starvation, overwork, torture or ex-
ecution under the regime, which
abolished religion, schools and cur-
The Khmer Rouge were driven
from power in 1979 by Vietnamese
troops and former regime members
who defected, including Hun Sen,
now Cambodias prime minister. Pol
Pot died in 1998.
Hun Sen was a mid-level mili-
tary commander until eeing to
Vietnam in 1977. Under him, the
Cambodian government fought the
Khmer Rouge until the movement
collapsed in the late 1990s.
Cambodia and the United Na-
tions signed an agreement in 2003
to establish the tribunal, known as
the Extraordinary Chambers in the
Courts of Cambodia (ECCC). Set up
in 2006, it is a complex hybrid court
combining elements of internation-
al and domestic law.
Its mandate is to prosecute sen-
ior leaders and those most respon-
sible for the crimes committed be-
tween 1975 and 1979.
The court can impose a sentence
of up to life in prison. There is no
death penalty and no nancial com-
pensation for victims.
Funded almost entirely by for-
eign nations, the tribunal had spent
about $215 million by July 2014 and
has faced chronic cash shortages.
It has also been dogged by allega-
tions of political interference and a
series of high-prole resignations.
Brother Number Two Nuon
Chea, 88, and former head of state
Khieu Samphan, 83, completed their
rst trial late last year on charges of
crimes against humanity.
A second trial against the pair
began July 30 in which they face
charges of genocide of Vietnam-
ese people and ethnic Muslims,
war crimes and crimes against
Another defendant, former re-
gime foreign minister Ieng Sary,
died aged 87 last year while his wife
Ieng Thirith, also an ex-minister,
was freed from jail in September
2012 after the court ruled dementia
left her unt to stand trial.
In its historic debut trial, the
tribunal in 2010 sentenced former
prison chief Kaing Guek Eav, bet-
ter known as Duch, to 30 years in
prison for overseeing the deaths
of 15,000 people. His term was in-
creased to life after a failed appeal.
Brother Number One Pol Pot
died in 1998 at the age of 73 while
under house arrest by Khmer Rouge
rebels who had turned against him.
Ta Mok, a feared military com-
mander nicknamed The Butcher
for the massacres and purges he or-
dered, was arrested in 1999. He had
been awaiting trial by the court but
died in 2006 at the age of 80.
Because of the tribunals lim-
ited scope, thousands of lower-level
Khmer Rouge members and ghters
who carried out the regimes brutal
acts will never face the court.
The tribunal is currently inves-
tigating two possible new cases
strongly opposed by the govern-
ment against several lower-rank-
ing cadres, but there are doubts
about whether they will make trial.
Soum Rithy (left), a survivor of the Khmer Rouge, cries as he hugs Chum Mey, a prominent survivor of Tuol Sleng prison (S-21), after hearing the verdict in the trial of two
former Khmer Rouge leaders in Phnom Penh on August 7. Photo: AFP
Other key leaders
Pol Pot
Ta Mok
The Butcher
and former
military chief
Arrested in 1999,
awaiting trial by the war
crimes court but died
in 2006 at age 80
Died in 1998 at age 73
while under house arrest
by Khmer Rouge rebels who
turned against him
Source: ECCC/Documentation Centre
of Cambodia 50 km
For former senior leaders of the brutal 1975 - 1979 regime
Cambodias Khmer Rouge tribunal
Khieu Samphan
Ieng Sary
Regimes former
head of state, public
face of Khmer Rouge
to outside world
Awaiting verdict on
charges of war crimes,
crimes against humanity
and genocide
Former regime
foreign minister
Died on trial
age 87 Mar 2013
while still on
trial for war crimes
and genocide
Ieng Thirith
First Lady
of the regime
Released Sept 2012 after
being ruled unfit for trial
due to failing mental health
Nuon Chea
Number Two
to Khmer Rouge
leader Pol Pot
Awaiting verdict on
charges of war crimes,
crimes against
humanity and genocide
Age: 88
Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Kaing Guek Eav
aka Duch
Handed 30
years in prison
in 2010 -- later increased
to life on appeal -- for overseeing
the deaths of 15,000 people
Former prison
Established in 2003 by Cambodia and UN Mission: to prosecute senior leaders and those most responsible
for crimes committed 1975 to 1979
Maximum sentence: life in prison; no death penalty and no financial compensation for victims
Seized control of Cambodia
1975-1979, abolishing religion,
schools and currency
Killed up
to two
from starvation,
torture and
Brother Number
One and leader
of Khmer Rouge
Killing field
execution ground
KR prisons
Khmer Rouge
Siem Reap
Phnom Penh
TWO Khmer Rouge leaders were
jailed for life last week after being
found guilty of crimes against hu-
manity, in the rst sentences against
top gures of a regime responsi-
ble for the deaths of up to 2 million
Neither Brother Number Two
Nuon Chea, 88, nor former head of
state Khieu Samphan, 83, betrayed
any hint of emotion as the sentences
were handed down on August 7.
But outside the UN-backed court,
regime survivors applauded, many
weeping after a 35-year wait for
Judge Nil Nonn said the defend-
ants, who are the most senior sur-
viving Khmer Rouge leaders, were
guilty of the crimes against human-
ity, of extermination... political perse-
cution, and other inhumane acts.
Their lawyers swiftly announced
an intention to appeal the verdict,
but the judge said the gravity of the
crimes meant the pair shall remain
in detention until this judgment be-
comes nal.
Prosecutors had sought the maxi-
mum life terms for the men, who
played key roles in a regime that left
around a quarter of the countrys
population dead during the Killing
Fields era of 1975-1979.
Led by Brother Number One
Pol Pot, who died in 1998 without
ever facing justice, the Khmer Rouge
dismantled modern society in their
quest for an agrarian utopia.
Regime atrocities afected virtually
every family in Cambodia as Pol Pots
peasant army, infamous for their red
chequered scarves and dark clothing,
slaughtered perceived enemies of their
revolution and emptied towns and
cities at gunpoint to work in the
The plan spectacularly backred,
leading to the collapse of the econo-
my and mass starvation.
Nuon Chea, wearing his trade-
mark sunglasses, sat in a wheelchair
in the dock as the verdict was read,
while Khieu Samphan stood impas-
sive next to him.
Late in their two-year trial both
men expressed remorse for the suf-
fering the Khmer Rouge inicted on
Cambodia, but remained staunch in
denying knowledge of its crimes at
the time.
The ruling is likely to bring a level
of relief to those who survived the
Khmer Rouge years, which saw much
of Cambodias population wiped out
by starvation, overwork, torture or
execution by ruthless Khmer Rouge
This is the justice that I have
been waiting for these last 35 years,
said 70-year-old survivor Khieu
Pheatarak, one of a few dozen survi-
vors at the Phnom Penh-based court
to hear the verdict.
I will never forget the sufering
but this is a great relief for me. It is
a victory and an historic day for all
Cambodians, she said.
She was among tens of thousands
forced from their homes in the capital
in 1975 by gun-toting regime cadres.
Amnesty International called the
verdict a crucial step towards jus-
tice more than three decades after
the regime crumbled at the hands of
Vietnamese invading forces.
But in spite of the verdict, many
observers and victims fear the ageing
Khmer Rouge leaders may not live to
serve much time in jail, if their sen-
tences are upheld.
Former foreign minister Ieng Sary
died aged 87 last year while still on
trial. His wife Ieng Thirith was re-
leased in 2012 after being ruled unt
for trial due to poor health.
The complex case against Nuon
Chea and Khieu Samphan was split
into a series of smaller trials in 2011 for
reasons including their advanced age
and the large number of accusations.
Considered one of the regimes
chief architects, Nuon Chea planned,
ordered, instigated, aided and abet-
ted extermination and forced evacu-
ations according to the trial judge.
After the verdict the men were re-
turned to their cells in a purpose-built
detention centre next to the court.
In its breakthrough rst trial,
the court in 2010 sentenced former
prison chief Kaing Guek Eav, better
known as Duch, to 30 years in pris-
on, later increased to life on appeal,
for overseeing the deaths of 15,000
people. AFP
After 35 years, two senior Khmer Rouge leaders have been sentenced to life in jail for
crimes against humanity for their parts in a regime that claimed up to 2 million lives
Khmer Rouge trial verdict
I will never forget
the sufering but
this is a great relief
for me ... and a
historic day for all
Khieu Pheatarak
Khmer Rouge survivor
World 45
Soum Rithy (left), a survivor of the Khmer Rouge, cries as he hugs Chum Mey, a prominent survivor of Tuol Sleng prison (S-21), after hearing the verdict in the trial of two
former Khmer Rouge leaders in Phnom Penh on August 7. Photo: AFP
Found guilty: Nuon Chea
BORN Long Bunruot in 1926 to a
wealthy Chinese-Khmer family in
Cambodias northwest Battambang
province, Nuon Chea studied law in
Bangkok, where he joined the Com-
munist Party of Thailand in 1950.
A year later he transferred mem-
bership to the Vietnamese-dominated
Indochinese Communist Party, and
rose quickly through the ranks of
Cambodias Maoist insurrection.
In April 1975, the communists
defeated Cambodias US-backed
government and marched into Phnom
Nuon Chea, a secretive cadre even
by the standards of one of the worlds
most enigmatic movements, was by
then positioned as the second-in-
command of the Khmer Rouge, also
known as the Communist Party of
Kampuchea (CPK).
It is unknown how many of the
Khmer Rouges victims were killed
outright, but researchers believe the
regime was systematically eliminat-
ing its enemies, most likely on Nuon
Cheas orders.
There is substantial and compel-
ling evidence that Nuon Chea, com-
monly known as Brother Number
Two, played a leading role in devising
the CPKs execution policies, wrote
genocide scholars Stephen Heder and
Brian Tittemore in their book Seven
Candidates for Prosecution.
Nuon Chea became the rst former
regime leader living freely in Cambo-
dia to be detained by the UN-backed
tribunal in 2007.
Under detention in a purpose-built
facility near the court. Even so, judges
rejected his lawyers argument that he
was unt to stand trial.
In 1998, after the fall of the last
stronghold of the Khmer Rouge, Nuon
Chea defected to the government side
led by current premier Hun Sen. He
subsequently lived freely in the Thai
border area until his arrest in 2007.
Since then, he has acknowledged
deaths that took place under the re-
gime, while denying he was in a posi-
tion to stop the disaster. AFP
Former Khmer Rouge leader Brother
Number Two Nuon Chea. Photo: AFP
Found guilty: Khieu Sampan
BORN in 1931 in Cambodias south-
eastern Svay Rieng province, Kh-
ieu Samphan was highly educated,
graduating from high school and
university in France.
The title of his doctoral disser-
tation, Cambodias economy and
industrial development, ofered a
hint of the radical agrarian revolu-
tion that was to come. He returned
to join Cambodias economic and so-
cial renaissance of the 1960s as an
academic and journalist.
In the confused politics of the
time, he was both condemned and
elevated by the countrys mercurial
leader, then-prince Norodom Siha-
As editor of a leftist newspa-
per at odds with the government,
he was beaten and imprisoned in
1960 after Sihanouk branded him
an oppositionist.
But he was later elected to par-
liament and served as Sihanouks
commerce minister in 1962-63.
He ed to the jungle in 1967 after
again becoming a target for his
left-leaning politics, joining up
with Pol Pot.
During the regime years he was
appointed head of state among
powerful government positions. It
was in these roles that genocide re-
searchers say he would have surely
been aware of what was happening
as one of the worst atrocities of the
20th century unfolded.
He was arrested in November
2007 on charges of war crimes, gen-
ocide and crimes against humanity.
During his trial, Khieu Samphan
expressed a sincere apology but
said that he was not aware at the
time of the great sufering of the
Cambodian people. He showed no
emotion in the dock as he was sen-
tenced to life in jail. AFP
Former Khmer Rouge head of state
Khieu Samphan. Photo: AFP
Khmer Rouge trial verdict
LIMITED, a joint stock company duly organized under the laws of
Japan, Manufactures and merchants of 3-5-1, Nihonbashi Honcho,
Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan is the Owner and sole proprietor of the
following trademark:-
(Reg: No. IV/4641/2011)
in respect of:- Pharmaceutical preparations and substances
Class: 5
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
46 World THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
DATING is rarely easy but nding
the perfect partner when you live
in a tiny, remote village in the Viet-
namese mountains poses particular
For generations, the solution has
been a visit to the love market. Young
people from the patchwork of ethnic
minority groups in northern Vietnam
have gone to the local town of Sapa on
a Saturday night to nd their future
spouse. now modern life is threaten-
ing the tradition.
It was so exciting. I wanted to see
if I would meet any nice girls, tradi-
tional Hmong musician Giang A Vang,
50, said of his rst visit to the love
market three decades ago.
One girl in particular stood out
from the crowd.
When I saw her for the rst time
I was playing my violin. I asked her if
she liked it, if she liked me. I was a lit-
tle nervous, he said.
Fortunately, his afections were
returned. For the next few weeks, he
came back to the market to meet his
sweetheart Vang Thi Xo and play mu-
sic together as part of a Hmong court-
ship ritual: him on a traditional violin
and she playing a leaf.
The Hmong play a leaf, usually a
banana leaf, by curling it up and po-
sitioning it in the mouth so it vibrates
when blown to make a loud, high
pitched sound.
The pair soon married and have
been together ever since.
I was a very lucky man to meet
her in the market, but I think she was
lucky to meet me too! Mr Vang said.
In recent years, Sapa has become
a hugely popular tourist destination,
with foreign and Vietnamese visi-
tors ocking to the picturesque town,
famed for its terraced rice paddies and
stunning scenery.
Sapa is the main attraction of Lao
Cai province, which received 1.2 mil-
lion tourists in 2013, up from just
360,000 in 2003, according to ofcial
While this inux has brought a
measure of prosperity and develop-
ment, it also has negatively afected
local customs and traditions, the cou-
ple say.
The love market is very special for
me as it was how I could meet a good
husband like him, said Ms Vang.
Now I dont like it, as people are
playing music just for fun, for the tour-
ists to get money, and we are losing
part of our culture.
As more young people attend
schools or work in Sapa for tourism
they do not really need the love mar-
ket or arranged marriages, which were
also once traditional in the area, said
musician Mr Vang.
They might meet a boyfriend or
girlfriend in the village, or in town ...
They choose for themselves, he said.
I want my children to nd their
own husband and wife. It is better
that way.
Sapa does not have an airport and
the area is only reachable from the
capital Hanoi either by an overnight
train or a long drive. But its remote-
ness has not deterred tourists.
So many Vietnamese tourists came
and they gave money to [ethnic minor-
ity] couples who were playing music to
each other at the love market, said Ly
Thi My, 54, a Hmong woman who met
her husband there.
Now people just perform. They
arent doing it for real, she said sadly.
But it is not just tourism that has
transformed the local tribes tradi-
tions. Mobile phones and internet
have also played a part, Ms My said.
Before, the boy would whis-
tle outside the girls house and she
would come and play a leaf to show
she was interested, she said, de-
scribing traditional Hmong court-
ship rituals.
Now they have mobile phones!
she said. It is too easy now. It was a
nice challenge to nd love before. I
would prefer to go back 20 years.
For Ly Thi Do, 52, of the Black
Hmong tribe, the love market has be-
come a joke.
Before all the tourists, when I was
young, when we still used to grow
opium and pan gold in the rivers, the
market was just for locals, she said.
Now its a business. Every-
one comes to make money and sell
Sapa has long been a tourist
When Vietnam was a French colo-
ny, the hilltop town was a popular re-
treat, although the colonial-era villas
were mostly burned down by Chinese
troops during a 1979 border war.
Tourism has been here for 100
years. Its somewhat disrespectful to
say tourism has changed the ethnic
minorities culture, said Chris Carno-
vale, a tourism instructor at Canadas
Capilano University.
The Hmong culture is very strong.
If they want to change, they change,
said Mr Carnovale, who manages a
project in the Sapa area helping eth-
nic minority groups learn how to ofer
homestays to tourists.
Because Sapa has become so pop-
ular with Vietnamese tourists from
the lowlands, the love market has
evolved with it becoming more of a
meeting point for tourists than locals,
he said.
There are still true Hmong love
markets, but Im not telling you when
and where, he said.
But even at the original love mar-
ket in Sapa, amidst the throngs of
camera-touting Vietnamese and for-
eign tourists, some young locals still
come looking for a relationship.
Ha Ngasu, 26, a farmer, has been to
the love market several times to look
for a wife.
My parents met at the love mar-
ket, so Ive come here as well, he told
AFP as he sat next to his date for the
evening, Giang Thi Si, 16.
The pair, who had seen each other
in their village but never spoken, spent
the evening at the love market chat-
ting and enjoying the live music now
amplied and on a stage purpose-built
by local authorities for tourism.
I like being with him here, said
Ms Si. Im not sure it is love but I do
like him a bit. AFP
Market for love falls
Hmong woman Vang Thi Xo (right) plays a leaf next to her husband Giang A Vang in the northwestern mountainous town of
Sapa on May 11. Photo AFP
When I was young,
when we still used
to grow opium and
pan for gold in the
rivers, the market
was just for locals.
Ly Thi Do
Black Hmong woman
The growing number of tourists is causing changes to traditional courtship methods
in northern Vietnam, as locals abandon the love markets where couples once met
Notice is hereby given that BIOFARMA of 50, rue Carnot 92284
Suresnes cedex , FRANCE, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of
the following trademarks: _
(Reg: No. IV/10649/2014)
(Reg: No. IV/10651/2014)
In respect of: -
Pharmaceutical preparations. In class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Nyein Kyaw
B.Sc., Dip Engg., R.L., D.B.L.
Room 007, Inya Lake Hotel
37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar
Tes: (951) 9662866
Date: 11
August, 2014
Notice is hereby given that BIOFARMA of 50, rue Carnot 92284
Suresnes cedex , FRANCE, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of
the following trademarks: _
(Reg: No.IV/10078/2014)
In respect of: -
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ophthalmological products: sanitary preparations for medical
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babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth,
dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin;
fungicides, herbicides International class 05
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Nyein Kyaw
B.Sc., Dip Engg., R.L., D.B.L.
Room 007, Inya Lake Hotel
37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar
Tes: (951) 9662866
Date: 11
August, 2014
World 49
HE may be more than a century old
but Hafeezullah still goes to work
every day.
With the aid of a cane, the wiz-
ened white-bearded centenarian tends
to his elds in Pakistans hauntingly
beautiful Neelum Valley just as he did
when Britain still ruled this part of the
Pakistan was recently named by
the UN as one of the worst countries
in the world to be an old person, in a
report that cited insecurity and lack of
freedom for those over 60.
But a dozen or so centenarians like
Hafeezulah living in a remote region
of Kashmir are bucking that trend,
putting their longevity down to their
simple mountain lifestyle.
Situated in the Lower Himalayan
Range, the Neelum Valley is formed by
a 200-kilometre (124-mile) long river
and is home to some of the most spec-
tacular scenery on the planet.
Craggy, snow-peaked mountains,
waterfalls and green pastures sur-
round the village of Chattah where
AFP met with around a dozen men
and women claiming to be at least a
century old.
Hafeezullah, who goes by one
name, says he is 132, which would
make him the oldest person in the
world. According to Pakistans Na-
tional Database and Registration
Authority (NADRA), however, he is a
comparatively more youthful 107.
A slightly built man with a face as
jagged as the mountains surrounding
him, he said a healthy diet of mainly
fresh produce and occasional meat
was the reason behind his longevity.
He has lived through the days of
British India and witnessed Partition
but says the thing he remembers most
fondly is the low cost of living during
his youth.
We used to eat vegetables and
pulses. We dumped the dried vegeta-
bles in land during the winter season
and then dug them up and ate them in
summer, he said referring to the natu-
ral system of freezing produce under
snow-covered ground.
He has outlived three wives but his
fourth, Issem Jan, dedicates herself to
helping him live as long as possible.
I do whatever I can for him. I take
care of everything for him. I serve him
a lot and God will give me his reward,
the 70-year-old.
Chattah and nearby villages are 2000
metres above sea level and are cut of
from the rest of the country for almost
six months because of the snow.
The altitude also increases red
blood cell production in the body,
and the crisp air is free from the
kind of choking pollution that blights
Pakistans major cities.
Despite being a favoured tourism
spot, Neelum Valley is relatively un-
touched by time. Traditional farming
methods and minimal use of pesti-
cides are still practised. Villagers are
for the most part self-sufcient.
The farmers still use bulls to
plough their elds. This is an old sys-
tem of agriculture, the headman of
the village, Abdul Khaliq, 75, said.
He added that young men and wom-
en get up early in the morning around
4am and work untilsunset, busying
themselves with farm tasks like chop-
ping wood, carpentry and tending to
their livestock, another factor contribut-
ing to their overall good health.
Mohammad Shapal Khan, a senior
NADRA ofcial, said that only 60 per-
cent of the regions population had so
far been added to federal data, but each
village in the valley has a dozen or so
people in their 90s or over 100.
The average life expectancy in
Pakistan is 64 for men and 66 for
women according to the World Health
Sabat Khan, another elderly local
who claims he is 102 although ofcial
records place him at 92, said his idyllic
homeland and lack of ill-health were
responsible for his long life.
It is thanks to Gods blessing that
Im healthy, he said, surrounded by a
multitude of grandchildren.
Ive rarely been sick and now Im
an old man. AFP
Mountain of longevity
Centenarians who live in the remote Kashmiri highlands believe their simple, high
altitude lifestyle is the secret to a long and healthy existence
107-year-old Kashmiri Hafeezullah recites from the Koran at his home in the
village of Chattah in the mountainous region of Upper Neelum Valley. Photo: AFP
Ive rarely been
sick and now I am
an old man.
Sabat Khan
Chatta man who says he is aged 102
NOTICE is hereby given that Clarion Company Limited of No.
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is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -
(Reg: Nos. IV/1282/2008, IV/11054/2011 & IV/9696/2014)
in respect of:- Automotive on board computer and network control
units, comprised of central processing unit, CD drive, CD ROM drive
or DVD drive, AM/FM tuner, Visual display unit, Digital Signal
Processor chip, Video controller chips, Speed sensors, compact fash
interface, IrDA (Infrared Data Association) interface, USB (Universal
Serial Bus) network controller and audio amplifer, all with multimedia
functions for on board vehicle diagnostics and on-line traffc and
navigation information, entertainment and communication, featuring
wireless voice and audio, data messaging displays, and connectivity
to electronic mail and global computer networks, and accessory
products for use therewith, namely compact disc changers, DVD
players, video monitors, video cameras, antennas, loudspeakers,
loudspeaker enclosures, microphones, GPS receivers with antenna,
FM wireless receivers, audio receivers, telephone cradles, memory
cards and navigation software CD-ROMs, and plug-in modules for
voice communications, data communications, vehicle navigation,
global computer network and electronic mail connectivity, and vehicle
diagnostics and functionality, and parts for all the foregoing
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Clarion Company Limited
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 11
August, 2014
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of 13F, Nagoya Hirokoji Bldg., 3-1, Sakae 2-chome, Naka-ku,
Nagoya, Japan, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks:-
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P. O. Box 60, Yangon
Dated: 11 August 2014





Photo: Greg Holland
the pulse 51
But curfew and
police prevent
usual all-night
Big crowds at
Nat Festival
LL along the Mandalay-Myitkyina
Highway north behind Mandalay
Hill Friday morning women and
children with bowls scurried to
collect banknotes tossed out the
windows of passing cars as they uttered
down along the edges of the road.
Friday was already day ve of the annual
Taungbyone Nat Festival, which August 12.
This year extra security police had been
assigned to enforce the curfew because of last
months violence in Mandalay. Nevertheless,
the crowds got thicker and thicker as we
approached the village of Taungbyone in a
cluster of truck, automobile, motorcycle and
foot trafc.
We had departed Mandalay on motorcycles
at 7:45 Friday morning, heading north up
62 street, connecting with the highway and
riding the 13 miles (21 km) to Taungbyone. The
people along both sides of the road had smiles
on their faces and a cheerful atmosphere
prevailed as the sun got higher in the sky.
After parking our motorcycles on the
outskirts of the village and paying the parking
attendant, we strolled down the very crowded
main street toward the Shwe Nat Taung
We stopped and sat down in a place with
tables and chairs owned by businessman U
Kyaw Myo Thant, who constructs a temporary
bamboo-pole structure dining room every year
where he and his family can sell traditional
meals of rice and eggs along with cakes, drinks
and cigarettes.
U Kyaw Myo Thant said the festivals rst
day, August 3 had been the busiest day of the
whole 10-day celebration and that business
was way down this year because of the curfew.
He lives in the adjacent village of Nyaung Gon,
located 2 miles to the west.
The curfew has had a great efect on
business, he said.
He charges K1000 for a plate of rice with
While during previous years people could
go crazy drinking and partying all night
long, occasionally sleeping on a straw mat,
this year, the authorities are making sure
the Taungbyone village is cleared by 9pm to
enforce the curfew.
When the clock strikes 8, there are fewer
and fewer people - and when the clock strikes
nine, the place is almost deserted, he said.
The security is too tight, he said. If you
dont leave before 9:30, when you get back to
Mandalay, youll be arrested for sure.
He said more people from Yangon attend
the Taungbyone Nat Festival every year than
people from Mandalay. You can distinguish
people from Yangon because they wear more
white, he said. In terms of speech patterns,
he said Yangon people say pyo ka ba boo
(which means I dont say like that) whereas
Mandalay people say pyo ya ba boo.
The reason pilgrims come to the nat
festival is to make wishes to the spirit brothers
and when their wish is granted they come
back here to ofer more owers again. It has
become a must for them to come every year,
U Kyaw Myo Thant said.
As the story goes, founder of Pagan, King
Anawrahta (1044-1078) was worried by the
challenges and distractions presented by Nat
worship to traditional Buddhism. Regarded
as the rst of Myanmars greatest kings,
Anawrathas stewardship of the Pagan dynasty
created the context for the 13
-Century growth
of Buddhism in Thailand, Laos and Cambodia
and made the growth of Buddhism possible
against other competing religious forces.
Threatened by nat worship, Anawrahta
ordered the destruction of all Nat statues
and images. Nevertheless, people continued
to worship the nats, using the coconut as a
substitute symbol in place of the nat statue,
(coconuts are widely sold at Taungbyone as
Nat symbols today) which then caused King
Anawrahta to create a formal list of 37 ofcial
Nats in an attempt to co-opt nat worship
and keep Buddhism in the forefront of local
spiritualism. A mixture of nat worship and
Buddhism continues to survive in Myanmar to
the present day and survived even thorough
the Burmese Way To Socialism years.
In traditional Buddhist teaching, bad
karma accumulated from ones past life causes
sufering and one must wait until the next life
to improve upon it. In Nat worship, sufering
is caused by a variety of spirits that are prone
to mischief so instead of waiting for the
next life, nat worshipers may attempt a cure
for their sufering in this life by making
oferings to nat sprits.
The nat spirits worshiped in Taungbyone
village every year are those of two brothers
who had been brutally and horribly
bludgeoned to death by a combination of
treachery and misinterpretation of the kings
orders. Most nat sprits are understood to have
died some kind of similar gruesome deaths.
While in previously years the spirit mediums
who could go into dancing trances and get
in touch with the brothers had been women,
today, gay people and transvestites come to the
village each year in the role of spirit mediums.
Thus, the festival would not be considered
a gay festival in any Western sense, but
would be a place where spiritually-attuned gay
Burmese can take part in the nat spirit world.
According to U Kyaw Myo Thant, most
pilgrims to the Taungbyone Nat Festival make
a wish for success in business. He said that
difers from traditional Buddhism because
with nat sprits, the wish may be granted
When we approached the Shwe Nat Taung
Pagoda, each of us bought a bunch of owers
for K500 and shufed into the structure amid
seriously thick crowds anking the front hall
dancing area where many people including
men and women danced and gyrated to the
music in solidarity with the two slain brother
nat spirits, known variously as the Shwe Phyin
Brothers: Phyin Senior and Phyin Junior, or
Ko Taw Gyi and Ko Taw Lay.
My associate handed in his owers and
never got them back, but I got my owers
blessed by the spirits and handed back to me,
so I was told to keep those blessed owers in
a safe place at home in order to maximise the
resonance of the nat spirits.
Once we shufed our way back down the
crowded lanes, past the ladies selling sweets
and T-shirts, among families with their
children and pilgrims crowding to and from
the pagoda, we recovered our motorcycles and
rode back along the highway to Mandalay,
passing hundreds of ladies with bowls by the
side of the road with big smiles on their faces.
Even though the Mandalay curfew
prevented the all-night drinking and partying,
the tradition of the Taungbyone Nat Festival
endured this year just north of Mandalay.
Photo: Stuart Allen Becker Photo: Greg Holland
52 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
HARD days night was falling amid
constant drizzle. Myaynigone was
jammed with trafc, fans and ticket
touts waiting since the morning
for the 7pm event. It was South
Korean girl group 2NE1s debut performance in
Entry prices were soaring, with diamond
package tickets going for a staggering K900,000.
Silver and gold tickets were priced at K20,000
and K40,000, with more expensive seats going
for K150,000 and K200,000.
The scene had been set two days earlier,
when 300 fans jostled at Yangon International
Airport to greet 2NE1 on arrival on July 31. Ive
never seen such rude behaviour, said one fan,
complaining that some fans had hit the girls car
while shouting their names.
The bands press conference on August 1 at
Myanmar Event Park was also a mob scene.
Congestion on the big night, August 2, was
even denser because of the concert held at
Kandawgyi by local musicians S.I.R, also kicking
of at 7pm.
Touts were doing a thriving trade around
Myaynigone City Mart, just yards from the
concert locale. Despite the advance notice given
that the audience could enter at 5pm, nobody
was allowed in until 6. The crush of an estimated
10,000 fans was so great that security guards
allowed some of them in without checking
A shower of pink, green and yellow light sticks
amid a haze of smoke signalled the on-time start
of the event. Suddenly the curtain rose to reveal
Minzy, CL, Dara and Bom in a storm of laser light.
The fans were delighted with the 2NE1 sound
and the big LED display. But I have to say the
opening song Crush was well named, said
Maya Zen, 26, who runs the 2NE1 Myanmar fan
page. Their performance, style and stage quality
were just as good as their World Tour, she added.
Raucous applause greeted the song I am
the best performed against the backing of a
motorcycle scene.
Audience members decided the lighting,
stage, sound and 3-D efects were well worth the
wait, even in the rain, comparing the excellence
of 2NE1s sound system with the disappointment
some had expressed after the May performance
of Thuwanna, the rst K-pop group to play
Yangon. 2NE1s sound was organised by Living
Sound Entertainment, relying on local and
foreign technicians.
Some said the T-shaped stage and the seating
arrangements cut into the space allowed for
standing customers. But 20-year-old Ma Khant
Khant Zar Nyi wasnt one of them. I waited six
hours in the rain, but I didnt care about that
once their concert began, she said.
More than keeping their promise to deliver a
90-minute show, group leader CL responded to
calls for an encore with a rendition of Lonely,
followed by three more numbers.
And then it was back out into the night and
the rain, and the mud and the puddles that
surrounded the MEP. All the indications are that
2NE1 will not be the last Korean girl group to
play Yangon.
With over

brings big
K-pop sound
2NE1 in action. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
the pulse 53
AUNG Myo Min, Wyne
and Min Htin Ko Ko Gyi
were chosen last week to
co-direct a biographical
lm about the life of
Bogyoke Aung San, a project that
is already months behind schedule
due to problems with nances and
disagreements over the script.
The biopic, titled Aung San,
was initially scheduled to premiere
in February 13, 2015, on the 100

anniversary of the independence
heros birthday.
While the script was completed
in August 2013, the lms production
process was plagued by long delays
while the executive board searched
in vain for a foreign producer who
could help create an international-
quality movie.
In the end, the board decided
to pursue the project as a domestic
production, said U Zaganar, a
member of the Bogyoke Film
Executive Board.
We nally made a decision to
start lming on August 9 [with the
aim of nishing the lm in 2015],
and on August 3 we chose the
directors and assigned diferent
duties to each of the members for the
lming, said U Zaganar.
The script was written by a two-
person team: Historical ction writer
U Chit Oo Nyo wrote the portion
covering Aung Sans birth in 1915, his
university years and the period up to
1940, and then his political life from
1945 until his assassination in 1947.
Director U Kyi Soe Tun covered
1940 to 1945, including Aung Sans
duty as a soldier during World War II
and his emergence as a leader of the
Burmese nationalist movement.
The script was checked by the
historians and translated into
English language. It was then shown
to a number of lm producers from
France, Japan and Canada.
Among them was Canadian
producer Niv Fichman, whose
production credits include Thirty-
two Short Films about Glenn Gould
(1993) and Hobo with a Shotgun
(2011), and who had expressed
interest in the lm. He met members
of the board last December.
[Niv Fichman] commented
that the script seemed more like
a documentary than a dramatic
lm, said director Min Htin Ko
Ko Gyi, who is also a member of
the executive board. He said a
documentary would not catch the
interest of international audiences.
Min Htin Ko Ko Gyi said the
board wanted to highlight Aung
Sans attempts over the course of 22
years to achieve independence, but
Fichman wanted to change the script
to appeal to a wider audience.
The members of the board
disagreed with him, so we decided to
make it on our own, he said.
U Zaganar added that the foreign
producers suggested the lm would
gain a bigger international audience
if some of the plot points were
Their request challenged the
lms historical accuracy. We couldnt
do it because we want to make a
historically accurate biopic, so we
decided to do it on our own, U
Zaganar said.
He cited Luc Bessons lm The
Lady (2011), which follows the story
of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and her
husband Michael Aris, as an example
of a movie that strayed too far from
historical fact.
The Lady showed the gunmen
aiming a gun at Aung Sans forehead,
but in fact the reality was diferent,
he said.
Foreign producers also suggested
the removal of portions of the script
that were based on the controversial
theory that the British were behind
the plot to assassinate Aung San.
If we had agreed with them
about the revamp, Myanmar
audiences would have blamed it
on us because they know the true
history, U Zaganar said.
He added that Bogyoke Aung
Sans life was dramatic enough
without the need for embellishment.
His secret trip to Amoi, China,
was very adventurous. His encounter
with starvation will evoke feelings of
pity. His proposal of marriage to Daw
Khin Kyi will make the audience
happy, and the last moment of his
life will denitely make the audience
cry, he said.
During a public rally in Pakkoku,
Magwe Region, last month, Aung
Sans daughter Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi acknowledged that development
of the lm had been very slow
since planning started three years
The members of the lms
executive board held two diferent
ideas. Its not a clash. One group
wanted to make an international-
standard lm, while the other group
aimed to depict my fathers life in the
context of his political campaign,
she said.
We thought the lm would be
better if we got assistance from
international lm experts. We met
many overseas artists who were very
willing to help us, but they expressed
diferent views on the script written
by local artists. We see the lm as a
history, but they see it as a lm. At
the end, the board decided to make it
on their own.
U Zaganar said the budget was
another factor in the lms delay.
We are facing a big problem
concerning lack of money. We have
explored every possible way of
making the best possible lm, but
it comes down to having enough
money. If we wait until we receive
enough funding, the lm wont
be realised, so we decided to start
shooting with what we have, he
The Bogyoke Film Executive
Board has so far received K200
million in donations for the project,
but estimates that it will cost K5000
million to shoot the lm as scripted,
including in locations such as Japan,
India and England.
We will start by doing our best
to make a quality lm, and later we
will show incomplete portions of
the movie at local cinemas in order
to seek donations and backers to
continue lming, U Zaganar said.
If there are still nancial
shortfalls, the board plans to take
out loans from local banks.
But if we need to take out loans,
we wont be able to show the lm
for free throughout the country
as we had planned, he said. The
lm wont be nished in time for
Bogyokes birthday, but we will try to
nish and screen it in local cinemas
by the end of 2015.
General Aung San biopic soldiers on
We want
to make a
biopic, so we
decided to do
it on our own
54 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
News Corp prot hobbled by weak newspapers
Rupert Murdochs publishing group News Corp. reported a slim prot on August
7, amid lower newspaper revenues from both advertising and circulation.
Net prot for the New York-based group amounted to US$12 million in the past
quarter, coming a year after a $1.1 billion loss in the nal quarter before Murdoch
split the publishing unit from his media entertainment group.
Overall revenues were down 3 percent from a year ago at $2.2 billion.
We nished our rst full year as the new News Corp and made signicant
progress in achieving the mission we articulated at the outset to be more
global and more digital through organic growth, product launches and
strategic acquisitions, chief executive Robert Thomson said in the earnings
Billionaire Tyrant Rupert
Murdoch contemplates a
future without print.
Photo: AFP
Englands Richard III to be reburied in March 2015
The remains of English king Richard III will be reburied at Leicester Cathedral
in March 2015 following a week of events honouring the infamous monarch, the
University of Leicester announced on Thursday.
Richard will be reinterred on March 26 in one of three services to remember
his life and death in 1485.
He was killed at the Battle of Bosworth that ended the War of the Roses, the
32-year conict between the rival York and Lancaster branches of the royal House
of Plantagenet.
Historical accounts said his body was transported naked and bloody on the
back of a pack horse to the central English city of Leicester before being buried in
an unmarked grave at a Franciscan friary.
His remains were found in 2012 under a car park, but his reburial was delayed
by a legal battle over where it should take place.
Monkey sele sparks copyright row
The Wikimedia Foundation insisted August 7
it would not remove from its website a sele
taken by a mischievous monkey, despite claims
from the British photographer whose camera
was used that it breached his copyright.
David Slater says he is the owner of the
photo of the grinning black crested macaque
that went viral when he posted it online in 2011,
and is threatening to sue Wikimedia for lost
earnings of up to $30,000 (22,500 euros).
But the not-for-prot foundation, which
oversees Wikipedia among other online
resources, refuses to remove the picture from
its bank of royalty-free photographs.
Under US laws, the copyright cannot
be owned by a non-human, Wikimedia
spokesperson Katherine Maher told AFP.
It doesnt belong to the monkey, but it doesnt
belong to the photographer either, she added.
The Global Gossip
Petition pushes Weird Al for Super
Bowl gig
An online petition to get chart-topping
parody singer Weird Al Yankovic to
headline the highly coveted Super Bowl half-
time show blasted past the 75,000-name
mark August 7, a day after its launch.
If successful, the pitch to the National
Football League (NFL) would see the 1980s
pop-culture icon follow in the footsteps
of Beyonce, Madonna, Michael Jackson,
Bruce Springsteen and the Rolling Stones in
performing at the much-watched American
football classic.
The theatrics alone would be hilarious,
wrote Ed Ball, a fan from Washington state
who initiated the fast-growing
Last month, Yankovic, 54, best known
for his 1984 Michael Jackson spoof Eat It,
scored a career rst when his new album
Mandatory Fun entered the Billboard
charts at number one the rst comedy
album to hit the top spot in 51 years.
AN you buy cosmetics in
Myanmar that really match
your skin type and your
taste? Its just a ridiculous
fantasy, says Ma Kalyar
Moe, a handicraft designer who has a
list of bad experiences to relate.
Only a very few cosmetic counters
in the smartest of stores in Yangon
ofer testers, which means that in
most shops buying lipstick means
relying on guesswork only, she said.
I bought a lipstick from a famous
cosmetic brand last month. There was
no tester.
The sales girl made a test by
drawing a small line of lipstick on
my palm. So, I chose a lipstick by
checking it like that and when I
bought one and applied it my lips, it
was not what I hoped for.
The tester is a vital part of any
cosmetics counter because it makes
the customers more familiar with
the product and it makes for better
selling, says Ma Esther Hnin Yee, the
country manager of the Yves Rocher
Cosmetic companies have to
provide testers ... there should
be enough testers in all cosmetic
counters, Ma Esther Hnin Yee
insists. But thats still not the case
in Myanmar so wealthy shoppers
buy their cosmetics in Thailand,
Singapore and Malaysia.
In Singapore, cosmetic counters
mostly sell make-up and sale girls
can advise what skin type suits which
brands and they are really awesome,
Ma Nge Nge, who went to university
in Singapore, said.
Ma Kalyar Moe remembered her
Malaysia shopping experience fondly,
with the sales assistant advising her
not to buy the cosmetics she had
She tried to explain to me about
my skin type which wont work
with her product, instead of selling
without explaining. She advised me to
use another product, said Ma Kalyar
Both Ma Nge Nge and Ma Kalyar
Moe said prices abroad are also
Ma Nandar Win, who has worked
as a cosmetics brand manager for
over ten years, says companies
should not assign sales assistants
to cosmetics counters without
training them because they need
to know how to apply make-up
The most important thing is to
know more facts than the customers
about their favorite products.
Then, they must share at least a bit
knowledge after selling, Ma Nandar
Win said.
The worst cosmetics shopping
experience, she added. is to encounter
a sales assistant who knows nothing
about their products but is still eager
to sell them.
Buying local cosmetics an
ordeal, say shoppers
Now is the
winter of our
- Richard
III, curently
rolling into

Photo: AFP
Al Yankovich, representing
his hometown of Lynwood, CA
Photo: AFP
This monkey can never
hold a copyright, according
to Wikimedia. Photo: AFP
Health & Beauty
the pulse 57
Street seen
Photos: Yu Yu
Aug 1 to 31 City of Small Exhibition
Photography by Thet Htoo. Witness
Yangon Documentry Space, 4A, 3

foor, Parami Rd, Pyan Hlwar Building,
Mayangone, 12 to 5 pm
Aug 11 To the Sea 6 art exhibition.
Lokanat Galleries, 62, 1 foor,
Pansodan street. 9 am 5 pm

Start times at Mingalar, Thwin, Shae
Shaung and Nay Pyi Taw cinemas
are 10am, noon, 2pm, 4pm, 6pm and
Start times at Junction Square and
Maw Tin are 10 am, 1 pm and 4 pm
daily and 7pm and 9:30pm on Friday
and Saturday.
Start times at Mingalar San Pya are
10am, 12:30pm, 3:30pm, 6:30pm and
Nay Pyi Taw (1) Cinema, near Sule
Lucy: Directed by Luc Besson.
American science fction and action
flm in 3D.
Nay Pyi Taw (2) and (3) Cinema, near
Sule pagoda
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes.
Directed by Matt Reeves. The Apes
are at it again. In 3D.
Mingalar 2 Cinema, at Dagon Center
2, Myaynigone, Sanchaung
Hercules: Directed by Brett Ratner.
2014. A modern take on an old hero.
In 3D
Shae Shaung Cinema 1, Sule
Pagoda Road, Kyauktada
Shae Shaung Cinema 2, Sule
Pagoda Road, Kyauktada
Transformers: Age of Extinction.
Directed by Michael Bay. A science
fction action flm based on the
Transformers franchise. In 3D
Junction Square Cineplex, Kamaryut
Rage. Directed by Paco Cabezas.
2014 American action thriller flm with
Nicholas Cage.
Extreme Fox. Directed by Wellson
Chin. Chinese horror movies released
in 2014.
Mingalar San Pya Cineplex, Phone
Gyi Street and Anawrahta, Lanmadaw
Aug 11 Monday Blues, Mojo bar, 135,
Inya Road, 9:30 to 11:30 pm
Aug 13 Live Music. 50
street caf
restaurant and bar
Aug 13 Hospitality Night with
Columbian band Sinaloa. Club 5, Park
Royal Hotel, 33 Alan Pya Pagoda St,
Aug 11 Pasta Night and Quiz, 50th
Street restaurant and bar, 3 to 9pm
Aug 12 Gallery conversation and
drinks. Pansodan Gallery, 289
Pansodan Street, Kyaukada, 7 pm- late
Aug 14 Tipsy Travel Talk Thursdays.
Discuss alternative travel in
Myanmar over drinks. Off the
Beaten Track Caf, Kandawgyi Oo
Yin Kabar, Kandawgyi Park, Mingalar
Taung Nyunt
Aug 14 Japanese Buffet Dinner.
Sashimi to sushi, traditional desserts
and many more can taste with US$35
per person. Caf Sule, 6pm to 10pm.
Aug 15 The Yangon Vibe. R&B, party
anthems and a dose of house to
dance and sing all night, Mojo Bar, 135
Inya Road, Bahan, 10 pm
Aug 16 DJ Sleem Funkadelic Show.
DJ Sleem from Nigeria will set the
dance foor on fre with a groovy set
of Disco, hip-hop and funk with free
entry. Mojo Bar, 10pm
Aug 17 Drawing Club, Pansodan
Scene, mixed group of beginners and
really good artists, 144 Pansodan,
second foor, across from the Ganesh
Temple, 10 11:30am
Got an event?
List it in Whats On!
AUGUST 11 - 17
58 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
ACED with snaking queues
at immigration, overowing
baggage carousels and
expensive ight delays, Asian
nations are rushing to build
hundreds of new airports to cope
with surging demand for air travel in
the region.
From China and India to the
Philippines and Indonesia, the fast-
growing middle classes are looking to
spend their cash by spreading their
wings, leading to a boom in the Asia-
Pacic regions tourism sector.
Airlines have responded by setting
up several new budget carriers
and ying new routes but many
airports are unable to cope, forcing
governments to either expand or
simply build new airports.
Through the next 10 years we
see more than 350 new airports in
the Asia-Pacic, and the investment
cost will be well over US$100 billion,
said Chris De Lavigne, a global vice
president at business consultancy
Frost and Sullivan Asia Pacic.
China is building over 100
airports, India is building over 60
airports and Indonesia will also have
to follow suit with investments in its
infrastructure, said De Lavigne, who
closely tracks Asias aviation industry.
Upgrades of existing airports could
cost an additional $25 billion, he
said by telephone from his ofce in
International tourist arrivals
in Asia-Pacic grew an annual 6.0
percent to 248 million last year, the
strongest of any region worldwide,
according to the UN World Tourism
To cope with this, construction is
being ramped up.
The Canada-based Airports
Council International (ACI) said in a
report that Indonesia plans to build
62 new airports in the next ve years,
in addition to its existing 237.
Soekarno-Hatta in Jakarta is
improving capacity after handling 60
million passengers last year, nearly
three times what it was designed for,
ACI said.
And Kuala Lumpur aims to double
capacity to 100 million a year by
2020, while Hong Kong wants to
handle 97 million annually by 2030,
up from 60 million in 2013.
In Beijing which already has a
hub servicing 80 million people a
second, $11 billion airport is being
built to open in 2018 and handle 40
million passengers, Sydney-based
consultancy Centre for Aviation said.
There are also plans for a full
replacement of Manilas Ninoy
Aquino International Airport,
one of Asias most notorious for
overcrowding and backward facilities.
Its Terminal 1, which is
undergoing a major makeover, was
built in 1981 to handle 6 million
passengers a year.
Together with two extension
terminals, the airport handled around
30 million passengers in 2013.
Even Singapores Changi
regarded by many as one of the
worlds best is expanding, with a
$1.0 billion Terminal 4 opening in
2017 that will raise capacity to 82
million passengers from the current
54 million. Plans are already being
made for a Terminal 5.
Shukor Yusof, an analyst with
Malaysia-based Endau Analytics,
said airport infrastructure in many
countries has lagged well behind
travel growth.
Many governments have paid
scant attention to developing new
terminals and new tarmacs. Thats
why you nd that many of the
airports are bursting at the seams,
he said.
The focus is not just on capitals.
The need for more space means
much of the new construction is
taking place in secondary cities,
with some facilities potentially
becoming hubs.
De Lavigne cited the Kualanamu
International Airport in Indonesias
Medan, which opened last July and
could become a hub for ights to
Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, India
and China.
It was designed to handle 8
million passengers a year but is
already at capacity, he said.
By 2025, theyre forecasting 24
million passengers out of Medan,
or a three-fold increase in just over
10 years, De Lavigne said, adding
that Indonesias aviation sector
alone is growing 14-15 percent a
Even less developed tourist
destinations are pressing ahead with
Myanmar is looking to upgrade 39
airports as tourist and domestic air
passenger gures are seen surging to
30 million in 2030 from 4.2 million in
2013, the ACI said.
The government is also building
a new $1.5 billion Hanthawaddy
International Airport to serve as
Yangons second airport, it added.
Bangladesh is constructing a new
airport costing up to $7.2 billion
about 60 kilometres (37 miles) from
Dhaka, ACI said.
Funding from governments and
the private sector does not appear to
be a problem.
Theres a lot of liquidity out there.
Theres a lot of money in project
nancing, Shukor said.
Airports are now even targeting
non-travellers, with the current trend
for aeroparks and aerotropolises
integrating lifestyle amenities,
attracting diners and shoppers who
wont even board ights.
You get people who dont y
to come into the airports for food,
shopping and other lifestyle activities.
That trend which started in the West
is increasingly nding its way into
Asia, De Lavigne said. AFP
Asia tourist
boom fuels
airport binge
AUGUST 4 - 10, 2014
CAPRICORN | Dec 22 Jan 19
The best way to adapt to a new environment is to go with
the ow until you settle in and become comfortable and
compatible. Never rush when it comes to making an
important decision. The rst step toward taking the right
stance is to stand for something or someone else. Avoid
handing assignments to unqualied volunteers. Through well-managed
emotions, you are destined to set the standard for the new normal.
Floor, 113, Thamain Bayan Road, Tarmwe township, Yangon.
Tel: 09-731-35632, Email:
SAGITTARIUS | Nov 22 Dec 21
Everything rises and falls based on leadership. You can
acquire the traits that constitute the raw materials of good
leadership, provided that you maintain your strong
self-discipline. The culture of non-violence is the culture of
all moral values. The necessity of meeting evil with good
deeds is the prerogative of all human beings. The scriptures declare
that good conquers evil in the long run. Cultivate self-introspection.
PISCES | Feb 19 March 20
It is not okay to lose your self-control, as it can lead to loss
of focus on your main objective. A delay can increase the
chances of disciplinary action being perceived as unfair.
Expertise does not come automatically: You must put forth
the effort required to gain it. A positive image can
signicantly improve your self-condence and end emotional suffering.
VIRGO | Aug 23 Sept 22
There is no smoke without re, and there is no time like the
present. Discretion is the better part of valour, and you
should work every day toward ensuring that your bad
habits disappear. Distinguish yourself. Understand how to
be comfortable and free at the same time. You could
experience emotional setbacks and a lack of satisfaction in your love
TAURUS | April 20 May 20
Persistence isnt just mindless grittiness in pursuit of the
unobtainable. You need a funny-bone so you can laugh at
the small disasters that always crop up at the worst times.
You might face unforeseen distractions, interruptions and
other problems that can be a terric drain on your time,
energy and cash. Direct forms of communication work best and can
prevent misunderstandings.
SCORPIO | Oct 23 Nov 21
Wisdom is beyond the reach of human understanding. Never
forget or turn away from the words that come out of your
own mouth. Do not enter the path of the wicked, and do not
walk in the ways of evil. Set your heart alight to stretch out
your hands toward everything in the right. Forget your
misery and remember it as the waters that have passed away.
AQUARIUS | Jan 20 Feb 18
Nearly every facet of your personal and professional life
involves social negotiations. Use small words, simple but
high ideas and short sentences to get your plan across to
potential partners. Remember that well begun is half
done and that you must be exible and acceptable in
action. Dont be afraid of asking, and dont be ashamed of learning from
ARIES | March 21 Apr 19
Plan your strategy carefully, but stay exible and be aware
when the situation and circumstances are changing. Keep
your mind active by always sorting through the data.
Building trust and organising socially should not be seen
as a waste of time but as a way to refresh the mind. Learn
how to become your own best friend, and open your heart to nding
balance through simple emotions.
LIBRA | Sept 23 Oct 22
Conceivability is the essential nature of truth: Anything that
can be conceived is true insofar as it is possible to be
conceived. Self-knowledge can only be perfected on the
spiritual plane but never on the level of morality. Take the
responsibility to gird yourself with the courage necessary
to improve your love life, even if the attempt does not guarantee stability
in your life.
CANCER | June 21 July 22
The precious present is not something that someone gives
you, but rather a gift that you give yourself. Only you have
the power to make yourself happy. The present time has
nothing to do with wishing but with actions that can make
something happen or disappear. Listen to your constructive
thoughts, which are true resources for your hearts needs.
GEMINI | May 21 June 20
Every pleasure is transitory: Remember that a tree
undergoes many changes during its lifetime. Affection is
important, but only if it comes naturally. Nothing is better
than being granted a favour for which you would never
ask. Never keep your eyes on the exit when entering a
relationship. Your class is determined by your manner and actions,
which need to be harmonious and exible.
LEO | July 23 Aug 22
All dignity comes from thought. Mental
balance is vital for making the right choice
regarding longstanding potential partners,
as well as for facing challenges on the long
road to success. Fantasies are possibilities
that you fear will never happen. The sun
never wakes up or goes to sleep: It communicates with
everything all the time. Use this knowledge as the basis for a
philosophy for self-development.
New and better facilities are needed to
handle the glut of travellers
Ground crew stand outside an airplane in Japan. Photo: AFP
the pulse food and drink 59
HIS week in the kitchen,
well be experimenting
with wasabi, a rich yet
versatile condiment that
can add spice to even the
simplest recipe.
Serves 6
4 skinless chicken breasts (4 pcs)
2 tablespoons of Kikkoman soy sauce
teaspoon of wasabi paste (good
1 cup of panko bread crump
(Japanese bread crumbs)
2 tablespoon of sesame oil
1/3 cup of vegetable oil
After washing your chicken breasts,
carefully pat them dry with a clean
cloth or paper towel. As the chicken
will be pan fried, its important that no
water is left over.
Next, mix your soy sauce and
wasabi together in a glass bowl. Place
the breasts in the bowl and let them
marinate in your fridge for at least one
While you wait, prepare for the
next step by putting an even layer of
bread crumbs onto the plate.
When the hour is up, lay the
chicken breasts onto the plate. Make
sure both sides of the chicken get an
even coat, and then toss them only the
frying pan.
Fry the breasts in the sesame oil for
about 15 minutes at medium heat. Try
to ip the breasts every three minutes.
After that, drain the excess oil and
let the chicken sit for 5 minutes.
Serve with green salads and
Tips: If chicken cuts you use are
too thick, it will make difcult to
properly cook the chicken all the way
Serves 4
2 tablespoons of Kikkoman
soy sauce
2 tablespoons of Mirin

/2 teaspoon of wasabi paste
(good quality)
1cup of panko bread crumbs
(J apanese bread crump)

/2 tablespoon of sesame oil

/3 cup of vegetable oil
/2 tablespoon of J apanese
rice vinegar
1tablespoon of vegetable oil
1clove of garlic (crushed)

/4 teaspoon of ginger
/2 teaspoon of sugar
Heres an easy one.
J ust mix all the above
ingredients in a glass jar
and shake well. Serve with
green salad leaves.
AS the front page of the menus at
Phayres Gastronomy explain, the
new restaurant takes its name from
Arthur Purves Phayre, a the rst
Commissioner of British Burma who
at one time had the street we now
know as Pansodan Road named after
Delicious pun aside, its a
somewhat incongruous choice,
because Phayre is a thoroughly
modern restaurant and bar. The
dcor is minimalist, the chalk menus
broadly boast Starbucks cofee, a
mounted projector casts MTV 2
music videos on the walls, and Wi-Fi
is free for paying customers.
This is where Phayre succeeds
the most: its incredibly comfortable
atmosphere. In these dog days of
monsoon season, anywhere that can
ofer relaxed, cozy spot to while away
the wet afternoons is more than
The menu is somewhat limited
at the moment, but staf promises
that their oferings will quickly
expand. At the moment, diners
can chose from your basic Western
sandwiches and some Asian dishes.
All sandwiches come with fries.
It must be noted, the fries are
excellent. Served either salted or
with canjun seasoning, they could
be a meal in and of themselves. The
garden burger, the restaurants sole
vegetarian ofering, was somewhat
uninspired, but meat-eaters
report that the steak and chicken
sandwiches are quite nice.
Compared to other downtown
eateries that specialize in Western
food, Phayres is an excellent value.
All told, one sandwich, an extra
order of cajun fries, and a Coca-Cola
from the fountain cost K6000.
Given the low prices and excellent
vibes, Phayres Gastronomy is a
welcome addition to the downtown
Alls Phayre on
Pansodan Street
Photos: Staff
This week in the kitchen: a fresh
take on fried chicken and a
simple yet zesty salad dressing
Add some spice with wasabi
Photos: Phyo
A charming new restaurant and bar comes downtown
Restaurant Review
Phayres Gastronomy
292 Pansodan St (Upper Block),
Kyauktada Township
Food: 8
Beverage: 9
Service: 9
Value for Money: 9
X-factor: 10
Restaurant Rating


On August 1, 50th Street Cafe paid tribute to uncle Bob Marley and reggae music with
some live classics and a set by Dj Bay Tar. Positive vibrations and one love spread
through a Yangon night. And of course a very busy dance oor.
Chaw, Judy, William, Judy and Winnie
Marcus Myo Aung, Ko Shey and Jacky DJ Bay Tar, Ei Phyu and Bryan Eline and Nicolas








Graeme and Iris
Club 5 Park Royal
On August 2,
at Club 5 Park
Royal, Myanmore
launched the 2nd
Edition of its Dining
& Nightlife guide.
Performance from
dancers, pink props
and gadgets and
giveaways, with a
free ow of food
and drinks.



Jean and Gisbert
Nikki and Flo
S.I.R. electried Kandawgyi Park
On August 2, and despite the rain, S.I.R. electried Kandawgyi
Park. Composed of four bands (Idiots, Wanted, Big Bag and Rea-
son), S.I.R counts among the most inuential local rock movement
of the recent years. Thousands of fans sang along and danced for
hours. Dont miss the next show.
Han Htue Lwin (Big Bag)
and his dad
ima/Emmanuel Maillard
62 the pulse travel THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
6T = Air Mandalay
W9 = Air Bagan
YJ = Asian Wings
YH = Yangon Airways
FMI = FMI AIR Charter
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
7Y = Mann Yadanarpon Airlines
Subject to change
without notice
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
7 = Sunday
Domestic Airlines
Air Bagan Ltd. (W9)
Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102
Air KBZ (K7)
Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (Airport),
Fax: 372983, Hot Line: 373766
Air Mandalay (6T)
Tel : (Head Ofce) 501520, 525488,
Fax: 525937. Airport: 533222~3, 09-73152853.
Fax: 533223.
Asian Wings (YJ)
Tel: 951 515261~264, 512140, 512473, 512640.
Fax: 951 532333, 516654
Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999,
Fax: 01 860 4051
Yangon Airways(YH)
Tel: (+95-1) 383 100, 383 107, 700 264,
Fax: 652 533.
FMI Air Charter - Sales &
Tel: (95-1) 240363, 240373 / (+95-9) 421146545
Mann Yadanarpon Airlines (7Y)
Tel: (+95-1) 656969,
Fax: 656998, 651020.
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 828 2 7:00 8:10 FMI A2 1,2,3,4,5 8:50 9:50
FMI A1 1,2,3,4,5 7:30 8:30 FMI A2 6 10:00 11:00
FMI A1 6 8:00 9:00 FMI B2 1,2,3,4,5 13:00 14:00
FMI B1 1,2,3,4,5 11:30 12:30 FMI A2 7 17:00 18:00
FMI A1 7 15:30 16:30 FMI C2 1,2,3,4,5 18:05 19:05
FMI C1 1,2,3,4,5 16:45 17:45
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 917 Daily 6:10 8:30 Y5 233 Daily 8:05 9:15
Y5 775 Daily 6:15 7:25 YH 918 Daily 8:30 10:25
W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 6:20 8:25 W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 8:40 10:05
6T 401 3,4,6,7 6:20 8:25 6T 402 3,4,6,7 8:45 10:45
K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 6:30 8:40 K7 223/7Y 112 Daily 8:55 11:00
YJ 201 2,3,4 6:30 7:55 W9 201 Daily 9:10 11:05
YJ 233 1,6 6:30 7:55 YH 730 4 11:00 16:25
YJ 211 5,7 6:30 7:55 YJ 212 5 11:30 16:30
YH 824 1 7:00 8:40 W9 153/YJ 7153 7 12:45 19:30
YH 828 2 7:00 8:40 W9 153/YJ 7153 2,5 12:45 18:50
YH 828 6 7:00 11:25 YH 825 1 13:20 14:25
7Y 851 1,3,7 7:05 11:20 7Y 742 2,5 14:00 18:18
W9 201 Daily 7:30 8:55 YJ 235 6 14:00 15:25
YH 729 4 8:00 11:00 YH 829 6 14:15 15:40
7Y 741 2,5 9:00 13:45 YH 829 2 14:20 15:45
7Y 841 4,6 10:00 14:15 YJ 235 1 14:25 15:50
YH 826 4 11:00 12:40 YJ 203 2 14:25 15:50
YH 727 1 11:00 13:10 7Y 852 1,3,7 14:25 18:40
YH 729 2 11:00 14:00 7Y 842 4,6 14:30 18:15
YH 737 3,5,7 11:00 13:10 W9 7152/YJ 152 1,3,6 15:05 16:30
W9 151/YJ 7151 1,3,6 11:00 14:45 YJ 213 7 15:15 16:40
W9 7153/YJ 153 2,5,7 11:00 12:25 7Y 632 2,4,6 16:15 17:40
7Y 631 2,4,6 11:15 12:40 YH 728 1 16:30 18:35
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 14:30 16:35 6T 502 2,4,6 16:50 18:55
6T 501 2,4,6 14:30 16:30 K7 225/7Y 222 Daily 16:50 19:00
W9 211 1,2,3,5,6 16:00 17:25 YH 738 3,5,7 17:10 18:35
W9 7211/YJ 211 4 16:00 17:25 YH 827 4 17:20 18:45
Y5 234 Daily 17:45 18:55 YH 730 2 17:45 19:10
Y5 776 Daily 19:35 20:45
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 917 Daily 6:10 7:45 YH 918 Daily 7:45 10:25
6T 401 3,4,6,7 6:20 7:40 W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 7:55 10:05
6T 411 5 6:20 7:40 6T 401 3,4,6,7 7:55 10:45
W9 7143/YJ 143 Daily 6:20 7:40 K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 8:05 11:00
K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 6:30 7:50 6T 412 5 8:40 10:00
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 14:30 17:25 YH 728 1 17:15 18:35
6T 501 2,4,6 14:30 17:20 6T 502 2,4,6 17:35 18:55
W9 211 1,2,3,5,6 16:00 18:10 K7 225/7Y 222 Daily 17:40 19:00
W9 7211/YJ 211 4 16:00 18:10 W9 211 1,2,3,5,6 18:25 19:45
W9 7211/YJ 211 4 18:25 19:45
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 211 5 6:30 9:20 YH 825 1 11:55 14:25
YJ 233 1,6 6:30 9:20 YJ 203 4 12:25 15:15
YJ 201 2,3 6:30 9:20 YH 829 6 12:50 15:40
YH 824 1 7:00 10:05 YH 829 2 12:55 15:45
YH 828 6 7:00 10:00 7Y 852 1,3,7 13:00 18:40
YH 828 2 7:00 12:55 YJ 212 7 13:20 16:40
7Y 851 1,3,7 7:05 12:45 W9 7152/YJ 152 1,3,6 13:35 16:30
YH 826 4 11:00 14:05 7Y 632 2,4,6 14:50 17:40
W9 7151/YJ 151 1,3,6 11:00 13:15 YH 827 4 15:55 18:45
W9 7153/YJ 153 2,5,7 11:00 13:55 W9 7154/YJ 154 7 16:35 19:30
7Y 631 2,4,6 11:15 14:35 W9 7154/YJ 154 2,5 16:35 18:50
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 917 Daily 6:10 9:15 YH 918 Daily 9:15 10:25
6T 401 3,4,6,7 6:20 9:20 6T 402 3,4,6,7 9:35 10:45
K7 222/7Y 111 Daily 6:30 9:30 K7 223/7Y 112 Daily 9:45 11:00
YJ 201 3 6:30 11:30 W9 201 Daily 9:55 11:05
7Y 851 1,3,7 7:05 10:35 7Y 741 2,5 13:15 18:18
W9 201 Daily 7:30 9:40 YH 730 2 12:25 19:00
YH 729 4 8:00 13:35 YH 730 4 13:35 16:25
7Y 741 2,5 9:00 13:03 YJ 235 1 13:40 15:50
7Y 841 4,6 10:00 13:30 YJ 203 2 13:40 15:50
YH 729 6 11:00 17:50 7Y 841 4,6 13:45 18:15
YH 729 2 11:00 12:25 7Y 852 1,3,7 15:10 18:40
YH 727 1 11:00 12:25 YJ 213 5 15:20 16:30
YH 737 3,5,7 11:00 12:25 YJ 203 3 15:25 16:35
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 14:30 15:45 YH 728 1 15:45 18:35
6T 501 2,4,6 14:30 15:40 6T 501 2,4,6 15:55 18:55
K7 224/7Y 221 Daily 16:00 19:00
YH 738 3,5,7 16:25 18:35
YH 730 6 17:50 19:00
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
6T 611 6,7 11:15 12:40 6T 608 1 13:00 15:00
6T 607 1 11:15 12:40 6T 612 6,7 13:00 14:25
6T 605 5 11:15 13:15 6T 606 5 13:35 15:00
W9 7311/YJ 311 4 11:30 13:20 W9 7311/YJ 311 4 13:35 15:00
W9 311 2 11:30 13:20 W9 311 2 13:35 15:00
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 633 3,4,5,7 7:00 9:15 YH 634 3,4,5,7 11:25 13:25
K7 319/7Y 531 Daily 7:00 9:05 K7 320/7Y 532 1,3,5 11:20 13:25
K7 320/7Y 532 2,4,6,7 11:30 13:35
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
6T 605 5 11:15 12:10 6T 605 5 12:25 15:00
6T 607 1 11:15 13:50 6T 608 1 14:05 15:00
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 633 3,4,5,7 7:00 8:25 YH 634 3,4,5,7 12:15 13:25
K7 319/7Y 531 1,3,5 7:00 8:05 K7 320/7Y 532 1,3,5 12:20 13:25
K7 319/7Y 531 2,4,6,7 7:00 8:10 K7 320/7Y 532 2,4,6,7 12:25 13:35
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 211 7 6:30 8:55 YJ 202 3 12:50 16:35
YH 729 4 8:00 10:00 YJ 213 5 14:15 16:30
7Y 741 2,5 9:00 10:38 YH 730 4 14:40 16:25
YH 729 2,6 11:00 13:00 7Y 742 2,5 16:40 18:18
YH 730 6 16:35 18:50
YH 730 2 16:45 19:10
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 824 1 7:00 11:00 YH 825 1 11:00 14:25
YH 826 4 11:00 15:00 YH 827 4 15:00 18:45
W9 7153/YJ 153 2,5,7 11:00 15:05 W9 7154/YJ 154 7 15:25 19:30
W9 7154/YJ 154 2,5 15:25 18:50
Flight Days Dep Arr Flight Days Dep Arr
W9 9607/ YJ 7607 4,7 14:20 16:10 W9 9608/ YJ 7608 4,7 17:20 18:10
the pulse travel 63
FD & AK = Air Asia
TG = Thai Airways
8M = Myanmar Airways International
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
PG = Bangkok Airways
MI = Silk Air
VN = Vietnam Airline
MH = Malaysia Airlines
CZ = China Southern
CI = China Airlines
CA = Air China
KA = Dragonair
3K = Jet Star
QR = Qatar Airways
KE = Korea Airlines
NH = All Nippon Airways
SQ = Singapore Airways
MU=China Eastern Airlines
DD = Nok Airline
BG = Biman Bangladesh Airlines
TR = Tiger Airline
Subject to change
without notice
International Airlines
Air Asia (FD)
Tel: 251 885, 251 886.
Air Bagan Ltd.(W9)
Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102
Air China (CA)
Tel : 666112, 655882.
Air India
Tel : 253597~98, 254758. Fax: 248175
Bangkok Airways (PG)
Tel: 255122, 255 265, Fax: 255119
Condor (DE)
Tel: + 95 1 -370836 up to 39 (ext : 303)
Dragonair (KA)
Tel: 95-1-255320, 255321, Fax : 255329
Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999,
Fax: 01 860 4051
Malaysia Airlines (MH)
Tel : 387648, 241007 ext : 120, 121, 122
Fax : 241124
Myanmar Airways International(8M)
Tel : 255260, Fax: 255305
Silk Air(MI)
Tel: 255 287~9, Fax: 255 290
Thai Airways (TG)
Tel : 255491~6, Fax : 255223
Vietnam Airlines (VN)
Fax : 255086. Tel 255066/ 255088/ 255068.
Qatar Airways (QR)
Tel: 379845, 379843, 379831, Fax: 379730
Biman Bangladesh Airlines (BG)
Tel: 371867~68, Fax: 371869.
Nok Airline (DD)
Tel: 255050, 255021, Fax: 255051
Tiger Airline (TR)
Tel: 371383, 370836~39 Ext: 303
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
7 = Sunday
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 706 Daily 6:15 8:30 TG 303 1,2,3,5,6,7 7:55 8:50
8M 335 Daily 7:40 9:25 PG 701 Daily 8:50 9:40
TG 304 1,2,3,5,6,7 9:50 11:45 8M 336 Daily 10:40 11:25
PG 702 Daily 10:30 12:25 TG 301 Daily 13:00 13:55
TG 302 Daily 14:55 16:50 PG 707 Daily 13:40 14:30
PG 708 Daily 15:20 17:15 PG 703 Daily 16:45 17:35
8M 331 Daily 16:30 18:15 TG 305 Daily 17:50 18:45
PG 704 Daily 18:20 20:15 8M 332 Daily 19:15 20:00
TG 306 Daily 19:45 21:45 PG 705 Daily 20:15 21:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
DD 4231 Daily 8:00 9:50 DD 4230 Daily 6:20 7:05
FD 252 Daily 8:30 10:15 FD 251 Daily 7:15 8:00
FD 254 Daily 17:50 19:10 FD 253 Daily 16:20 17:00
DD 4239 Daily 21:00 22:45 DD 4238 Daily 19:30 20:15
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 231 Daily 8:00 12:25 SQ 998 Daily 7:55 9:20
Y5 233 Daily 10:10 14:40 3K 581 Daily 8:50 10:45
SQ 997 Daily 10:35 15:10 MI 533 4,6 11:35 12:55
3K 582 Daily 11:20 15:50 8M 232 Daily 13:25 14:50
MI 533 4,6 13:25 20:50 MI 518 Daily 14:20 15:45
MI 517 Daily 16:40 21:15 TR 2826 Daily 17:05 18:25
TR 2827 Daily 19:05 23:40 Y5 234 Daily 15:35 17:05
3K 584 Daily 19:15 23:45 3K 583 Daily 18:00 19:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 501 1,3,5,6 7:50 11:50 AK 504 Daily 6:55 8:00
AK 505 Daily 8:30 10:15 MH 740 1,2,3,4,5,7 10:05 11:15
MH 741 Daily 12:15 16:30 8M 9505 Daily 10:05 11:15
8M 9506 Daily 12:15 16:30 8M 502 1,3,5,6 12:50 13:50
8M 9508 Daily 15:45 20:05 8M 9507 Daily 13:30 14:40
MH 743 1,2,3,4,5,7 15:45 20:05 MH 742 Daily 13:30 14:40
AK 503 2,4,6 19:30 23:45 AK 502 2,4,6 17:50 19:00
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
CA 716 3,7 23:50 0550+1 CA 715 3,7 19:30 22:50
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 711 2,4,7 8:40 13:15 CZ 3055 3,6 8:40 10:25
CZ 3056 3,6 11:25 16:15 CZ 3055 1,5 14:40 16:30
CZ 3056 1,5 17:30 22:15 8M 712 2,4,7 14:15 15:50
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
CI 7916 1,2,3,5,6 10:50 16:15 CI 7915 1,2,3,5,6 7:00 9:55
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
CA 906 Daily 12:15 15:55 MU 2011 3 8:25 11:40
MU 2012 3 12:20 18:20 CA 905 Daily 10:45 11:15
MU 2032 1,4,6,7 14:50 18:20 MU 2031 1,4,6,7 13:30 14:00
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
VN 956 1,3,5,6,7 19:10 21:30 VN 957 1,3,5,6,7 16:50 18:10
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
VN 942 2,4,7 14:25 17:15 VN 943 2,4,7 11:50 13:25
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
QR 919 1,4,6 8:35 11:10 QR 918 3,5,7 20:30 6:35+1
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 403 3 16:50 19:15 8M 404 3 20:15 21:40
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
0Z 770 7 0:35 9:10 KE 471 Daily 18:45 22:35
0Z 770 4 0:50 9:25 0Z 769 6 19:50 23:45
KE 472 Daily 23:35 8:05+1 0Z 769 3 20:05 23:40
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
KA 251 1,2,4,6 01:10 05:45 KA 250 1,3,5,7 21:45 23:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
NH 914 Daily 21:45 06:50+1 NH 913 Daily 11:00 15:40
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 601 3,5,6 7:00 8:20 8M 602 3,5,6 9:20 12:30
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
BG 061 1,4 19:45 21:00 BG 060 1,4 16:30 18:45
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 7702 Daily 23:35 8:05 8M 7701 Daily 18:45 22:35
8M7502 4,7 0:35 9:10 8M 7501 3,6 19:50 23:25
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 710 Daily 14:05 16:30 PG 709 Daily 12:00 13:20
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
MI 533 4,6 15:55 20:50 MI 533 4,6 11:35 15:00
Y5 233 Daily 8:05 14:40 Y5 234 Daily 15:35 18:55
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
FD 245 Daily 12:45 15:00 FD 244 Daily 10:50 12:15
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
MU 2030 Daily 14:40 17:30 MU 2029 Daily 13:55 13:50
MU 7524 1,3,5 18:20 21:00
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 603 4 11:10 12:15 8M 604 4 13:15 16:20
Flights Days Dep Arr Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 722 1,2,3,4,5 19:30 22:30 PG 721 1,2,3,4,5 17:00 19:00
T Thikse Monastery, in a
shrine draped in colourful
silks, the air thick with
juniper smoke, morning
prayers are starting to
adopt the unruly atmosphere of a
school assembly. After the elders have
led in, performed their prostrations
and taken their seats to join the
chanting, after a monk in a mustard-
yellow robe has puried the room
with incense, the youngsters scamper
in with cymbals, drums and a wailing
pair of clarinets, to wake the dead,
my guide, Sonam, whispers in my ear.
It was the prospect of ageless
scenes like this that had long
enticed me to Ladakh. Perched on
a high Himalayan plateau in the
eastern third of Indias Jammu and
Kashmir state, this remote Buddhist
enclave is the sort of isolated place
that holds an irresistible allure for
travellers. Flanked by some of Asias
most stubborn political tensions
in Tibet, Kashmir and Nepal it
seemed from afar to be a mountain
citadel lost in time, an archetypal
But the right conuence of season
and personal schedule had always
eluded me. The window for travel
here is short, around three months
from July to early September. For the
rest of the year, the regions high-
altitude desert terrain is a snowbound
hinterland, its people huddling
around bukhari stoves to wait out
the cold.
When I nally seized an
opportunity to visit last summer, the
reason for this inhospitable climate
became evident even before I arrived.
On the breathtaking ight over the
Himalayas from New Delhi, the
onboard map is showing an altitude
of 6365 metres (21,000 feet), but the
pinnacles of Stok Kangri are nearly
grazing the fuselage. Then we drop
precipitously into the Indus Valley
and wheel downward into Ladakhs
dun-coloured moonscape.
It was a good 24 hours before I
felt able to start exploring in earnest.
For those ying in, plucked from land
and then deposited at an altitude of
3485 metres, theres little choice but
to spend the rst day or so taking
things slowly in order to adjust to the
rareed air.
On my rst afternoon, Leh,
the dust-blown regional capital,
resembled the set of a zombie
Western. I could spot fellow new
arrivals from the way they shufed
about in a state of perpetual
Standing at my elbow, Sonam,
a petite, self-confessed chatterbox
with a tendency to impart her
enthusiasm for all things Ladakhi
with memorable epithets, The
yak is very beautiful, much more
beautiful than the cow is smiling.
Shall we circumambulate? she
says, gesturing me forward. This
question, with its ve-syllable kicker,
is already becoming a catchphrase.
Weve spent the morning exploring
the major Buddhist monuments
to the west of Leh. Now, looming
ahead of us is Likir monastery, the
archetypal Ladakhi gompa, a jumbled
ziggurat of whitewashed buildings
scattered higgledy-piggledy over an
outcropping, their carved casement
windows peering out over an
amphitheatre of high mountains. A
giant golden Buddha sits imperiously
Travel in Ladakh is dened by
places like this. As part of India, the
region was shielded from the ravages
of Chinas Cultural Revolution,
which wreaked so much havoc in
neighbouring Tibet. Today, its brand
of Tantric Buddhism is not a calcied
relic but a living faith that is the
central pillar of society. Chortens,
voluptuous monuments built to
expiate sin, stand on seemingly
every corner. Ragged, wind-ripped
prayer ags ap from every salient
object. Weve already done a lot
of circumambulating, negotiating
temples and sacred objects in a
clockwise direction.
Through low doors of gnarled
timber, each guarded by a trusted
monk in a burgundy cowl, Likirs
shrines achieve the curious paradox
of being colourful and foreboding all
at once. Adorning every centimetre
of wall, an unfathomable pantheon
of bodhisattvas stare out in various
tantric entanglements: some vengeful,
some serene, some laconic, some
mean. At the front, scattered at the
feet of a Buddha statue, wrinkled
rupee notes, sweets and butter
sculpture oferings have been placed
by devotees next to a yellowing photo
of the Dalai Lama.
Its only when I come upon
the arresting sight of two young
monks in a courtyard, each wearing
aviator-style sunglasses and tapping
away on mobile phones, that I nd
myself drifting back to the present
day. There are only two BMWs in
Ladakh, Sonam shrugs, by way of
explanation, when I point out the
incongruity, and one of them is
owned by a reincarnated Rinpoche, a
high-standing abbott.
The Washington Post
Visiting a Buddhist
enclave high in the
Prayer flags fly over a ridge above Shey Palace, the former summer refuge of
Ladakhi kings in northern India. Photo: The Washington Post/Henry Wismayer
64 the pulse tea break THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
1 Beg your pardon ...
5 Type of horse
9 Bars of music?
14 Roll along the
15 Prosperity
16 Out of shape
17 Bit of basketwork
18 Hairstylists
20 Breathing disorder
22 Its disagreeable to
the nose
23 Follow a pattern,
in a way
24 Put on Broadway
26 Quarter note part
28 ___ Rock (Aussie
30 One who might yell
34 Hispanic jazz
37 Short-tailed rodent
39 Coupling device on
the farm
40 Declare
41 Word with Asia
or Ursa
42 Menacing March day
43 Kelly or Hackman
44 Use the delete key,
45 Haunting presence
46 End to a bullys
48 Happen as a result
50 Part of an eyelid
52 Shore-dinner tidbit
56 Sum (Abbr.)
59 ___ Bator, Mongolia
61 The E of HRE
62 Long-winded ones
65 Some pros
66 Criminals slang, e.g.
67 Outfit
68 Hang ___ (not let
go of)
69 Shows signs of age
70 Snigglers
71 Avails oneself of
1 Perfume
2 Anchor lines
3 Freeway features
4 I dont see why not
5 Treatment plant
6 Bali ___ (South
Pacific song)
7 Former Winter
Olympics site
8 Fuses by heat
9 WWII dictators
10 Genetic info carrier
11 Juvenile
12 It can be crimson
or high
13 Put in the overhead
19 Sway as if to fall
21 Ancient Yucatan
25 Watergate figure Sam
27 Bank tellers opening
29 Observation
31 Dumbbell of a bird
32 Barely manages
(with out)
33 The part that is left
34 Pudding ingredient
35 Say without a doubt
36 ____ Ranger
38 Birds on Golden
41 Breakfast cereal
45 U.S. island
47 Rapids in some
49 Chanel products
51 Dutch government
seat (with The)
53 Encumbrances
54 Be eloquent,
in a way
55 Cancun cabbage
56 Old Russian
bigwig (Var.)
57 ___ traffic
58 Barrel staves
60 ___ on, two out
63 Sodom refugee
64 Crankcase fluid
Universal Crossword
Edited by Timothy E. Parker
Avenue 64 Hotel
No. 64 (G), Kyitewine
Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. Tel : 09-8631392,
01 656913-9
Asia Plaza Hotel
No. 277, Bogyoke Aung
San Road, Corner of
Street, Kyauktada
Township, Yangon,
Tel : (951) 391070, 391071.
(Ext) 1910, 106.
Fax : (951) 391375. Email :
General Listing
Chatrium Hotel
40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe.
tel: 544500. fax: 544400.
The Essentials
Emergency Numbers
For more information about these listings, Please Contact -
Ambulance tel: 295133.
Fire tel: 191, 252011, 252022.
Police emergency tel: 199.
Police headquarters tel: 282541, 284764.
Red Cross tel:682600, 682368
Trafc Control Branch tel:298651
Department of Post & Telecommunication tel: 591384,
Immigration tel: 286434.
Ministry of Education tel:545500m 562390
Ministry of Sports tel: 370604, 370605
Ministry of Communications tel: 067-407037.
Myanma Post & Telecommunication (MPT) tel: 067-
Myanma Post & Tele-communication (Accountant Dept)
tel: 254563, 370768.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs tel: 067-412009, 067-412344.
Ministry of Health tel: 067-411358-9.
Yangon City Development Committee tel: 248112.
Central Womens Hospital tel: 221013, 222811.
Children Hospital tel: 221421, 222807
Ear, Nose & Throat Hospital tel: 543888.
Naypyitaw Hospital (emergency) tel: 420096.
Workers Hospital tel: 554444, 554455, 554811.
Yangon Children Hospital tel: 222807, 222808, 222809.
Yangon General Hospital (East) tel: 292835, 292836, 292837.
Yangon General Hospital (New) tel: 384493, 384494,
384495, 379109.
Yangon General Hospital (West) tel: 222860, 222861,
Yangon General Hospital (YGH) tel: 256112, 256123,
281443, 256131.
Power Station tel:414235
General Post Ofce
39, Bo Aung Kyaw St. (near British Council Library). tel:
Yangon International Airport tel: 662811.
Shipping (Coastal vessels) tel: 382722
Railways information
tel: 274027, 202175-8.
ILO Liaison 1-A, Kanbae
(Thitsar Rd), Yankin Tsp,
Tel : 01-566538, 566539
IOM 318 (A) Ahlone Rd, Dagon
Tsp, Yangon.Tel 01-210588,
09 73236679, 0973236680,
UNAIDS 137/1, Thaw Wun Rd,
Kamayut Tsp.
Tel : 534498, 504832
UNDCP 11-A, Malikha St,
Mayangone tsp.
Tel: 666903, 664539.
UNDP 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan
tel: 542910-19. fax: 292739.
UNFPA 6, Natmauk Rd,
Bahan tsp. tel: 546029.
UNHCR 287, Pyay Rd,
Sanchaung tsp.
Tel: 524022, 524024.
UNIAP Rm: 1202, 12 Fl,
Traders Hotel.
Tel: 254852, 254853.
UNIC 6, Natmauk St., Bahan,
tel: 52910~19
UNICEF 14~15 Flr, Traders
Hotel. P.O. Box 1435,
Kyauktada. Tel: 375527~32,
unicef.yangon@unicef. org,
UNODC 11-A, Malikha Rd., Ward
7, Mayangone. tel: 01-9666903,
9660556, 9660538, 9660398.
UNOPS 120/0, Pyi Thu Lane,
7 Miles, Mayangone Tsp.
Tel: 951-657281~7.
Fax: 657279.
UNRC 6, Natmauk Rd, P.O.
Box 650, TMWE Tel: 542911~19,
292637 (Resident Coordinator),
WFP 5 Kan Baw Za St, Shwe
Taung Kyar, (Golden Valley),
Bahan Tsp. Tel : 2305971~6
WHO No. 2, Pyay Rd, 7 Mile,
Mayangone Tsp, Tel : 650405-
6, 650416, 654386-90.
ASEAN Coordinating Of. for
the ASEAN Humanitarian
Task Force, 79, Taw Win st,
Dagon Tsp. Tel: 225258.
FAO Myanma Agriculture
Service Insein Rd, Insein. tel:
641672, 641673.
Australia 88, Strand
Road, Yangon. Tel :
251810, 251797, 251798.
Bangladesh 11-B, Than
Lwin Road, Yangon.
Tel: 515275, 526144,
email: bdootygn@
Brazil 56, Pyay Road,
mile, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 507225,
507251. email: Administ.
Brunei 17, Kanbawza
Avenue, Golden Velly (1),
Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
566985, 503978.
email: bruneiemb@
Cambodia 25 (3B/4B),
New University Avenue
Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 549609, 540964.
email: RECYANGON @
Candian Embassy
Floor, Centerpoint
Towers, 65 Sule Pagoda
Road, Yangon, Tel :
01-384805 , Fax :01-
384806, Email : yngon@
China 1, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 221280, 221281.
Danmark, No.7, Pyi Thu
St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 01 9669520 - 17.
Egypt 81, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 222886, 222887,
France 102, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 212178, 212520,
email: ambaf rance.
Germany 9, Bogyoke
Aung San Museum Road,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 548951, 548952,
email: info@rangun.
India 545-547, Merchant
St, Yangon. Tel: 391219,
388412, email:indiaembassy
Indonesia 100,
Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 254465,
254469, email: kukygn @
Israel 15, Khabaung
Street, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 515115, fax:
515116, email: info@
Italy 3, Inya Myaing Road,
Golden Valley, Yangon.
Tel: 527100, 527101, fax:
514565, email: ambyang.
Japan 100, Natmauk Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 549644-8,
540399, 540400, 540411,
545988, fax: 549643
62-B, Shwe Taung Kyar
St, Bahan Tsp.
Tel : 01-230-9542, 230-
9543. Fax : 01-230-5836.
Lao A-1, Diplomatic
Quarters, Tawwin Road,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 222482, Fax: 227446,
email: Laoembcab@
Malaysia 82, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 220248, 220249,
email: mwkyangon@
Nepal 16, Natmauk
Yeiktha, Yangon. Tel:
545880, 557168, fax:
549803, email: nepemb
Norway, No.7, Pyi Thu
St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles,
Mayangone Tsp,Yangon.
Tel: 01 9669520 - 17
Fax 01- 9669516
New Zealand No. 43/C,
Inya Myaing Rd, Bahan
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-2306046-9
Fax : 01-2305805
Netherlands Diplomatic
Mission No. 43/C, Inya
Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp,
Yangon. Tel : 01-2305805
North Korea 77C, Shin
Saw Pu Rd, Sanchaung
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 512642, 510205
Pakistan A-4, diplomatic
Quarters, Pyay Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 222881
(Chancery Exchange)
Philippines 50, Sayasan
Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 558149-151,Email:
Russian 38, Sagawa Rd,
Tel: 241955, 254161,
Serbia No. 114-A, Inya
Rd, P.O.Box No. 943,
Yangon. Tel: 515282,
515283, email: serbemb
Singapore 238,
Dhamazedi Road, Bahan
Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 559001,
email: singemb_ ygn@_
South Korea 97
University Avenue, Bahan
Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 527142-
4, 515190, fax: 513286,
email: myanmar@mofat.
Sri Lanka 34 Taw Win
Rd, Yangon. Tel: 222812,
No 11, Kabaung Lane, 5
mile, Pyay Rd, Hlaing
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 534754, 507089.
Thailand 94 Pyay Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
226721, 226728, 226824
Turkish Embassy
19AB, Kan Yeik Thar St,
Mayangone Tsp,Yangon.
Tel : 662992, Fax : 661365
United Kingdom 80
Strand Rd, Yangon.
Tel: 370867, 380322,
371852, 371853, 256438,
United States of
America 110, University
Avenue, Kamayut Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 536509,
535756, Fax: 650306
Vietnam Bldg-72,
Thanlwin Rd, Bahan Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 511305
No. 205, Corner of Wadan
Street & Min Ye Kyaw
Swa Road, Lanmadaw
Tsp, Yangon. Myanmar.
Tel: (95-1) 212850 ~ 3,
229358 ~ 61,
Fax: (95-1) 212854.
.com http://www.
No.7A, Wingabar Road,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : (951) 546313,
430245. 09-731-77781~4.
Fax : (01) 546313.
Confort Inn
4, Shweli Rd, Bet: Inya Rd
& U Wisara Rd, Kamaryut,
tel: 525781, 526872
33, Alan Pya Pagoda Rd,
Dagon tsp.
tel: 250388. fax: 252478.
email: enquiry.prygn@
Savoy Hotel
129, Damazedi Rd,
Kamayut tsp.
tel: 526289, 526298,
Sedona Hotel
Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin. tel: 666900.
Strand Hotel
92 Strand Rd. tel: 243377.
fax: 289880.
Summit Parkview Hotel
350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon
Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966.
Sule Shangri-La Hotel
223 Sule Pagoda Rd. tel:
242828. fax: 242838.
No. (356/366), Kyaikkasan
Rd, Tamwe Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Ph: 542826, Fax: 545650
Email: reservation@
Royal White Elephant Hotel
No-11, Kan Street, Hlaing
Tsp. Yangon, Myanmar.
(+95-1) 500822, 503986.
Clover Hotel City Center
No. 217, 32nd Street
(Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 377720, Fax : 377722
Clover Hotel City Center Plus
No. 229, 32nd Street
(Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 377975, Fax : 377974
Hotel Yangon
91/93, 8
Mile Junction,
Tel : 01-667708, 667688.
Inya Lake Resort Hotel
37 Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd.
tel: 662866. fax: 665537.
KH Hotel, Yangon
28-A, 7 Miles, Pyay Rd,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 95-1-652532, 652533
MGM Hotel No (160), Warden
Street, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon,
Myanmar. +95-1-212454~9.
Marina Residence
8, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Mayangone Tsp.
tel: 6506 51~4. fax: 650630.
HOTELS (Nay Pyi Taw)
Tel: 09-7349-4483,
E-mail: aahappyhomes@, http://www.
Happy Homes
17, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin Tsp.
Tel: 650933. Fax: 650960.
Email : micprm@
SAIL Marketing &
Suite 403, Danathiha Center
790, Corner of Bogyoke Rd
& Wadan Rd, Lanmadaw
Township, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: (951) 211870, 224820,
2301195. Email: admin@
Golden Hill Towers
24-26, Kabar Aye Pagoda
Rd, Bahan Tsp.
tel: 558556. ghtower@
Reservation Ofce (Yangon)
123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd,
Dagon Township
Tel : 951- 255 819~838
Royal Kumudra Hotel,
(Nay Pyi Taw)
Tel : 067- 414 177,
067- 4141 88
E-Mail: reservation@
No.6, Botahtaung Jetty,
Botahtaung Township,
Yangon. Tel: (951)9010555,
9010535 Fax : (951) 9010536
Sakura Residence
9, Inya Rd, Kamaryut Tsp.
tel: 525001. fax: 525002.
Winner Inn
42, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan
Tsp. Tel: 503734, 524387.
email: reservation@winner
Windsor Hotel No.31, Shin
Saw Pu Street, Sanchaung.
Yangon, Myanmar.
Ph: 95-1-511216~8, www.
Yuzana Hotel
130, Shwegondaing Rd,
Bahan Tsp, tel : 01-549600
Yuzana Garden Hotel
44, Alanpya Pagoda Rd,
Mingalar Taung Nyunt Tsp,
tel : 01-248944
Hotel Grand United
621, Maharbandoola Rd,
Latha Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (95-1) 372256-58
66-70, 21
Street (Enter
from Strand Rd), Latha
Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (95-1)
(Ahlone Branch)
35, Min Ye Kyaw Swar
Rd, Ahlone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (95-1) 218061-64;
Email: grandunited., www.
Floral Service & Gift Shop
No. 449, New University
Avenue, Bahan Tsp. YGN.
Tel: 541217, 559011,
Market Place By City Mart
Tel: 523840~43,
523845~46, Ext: 205.
Junction Nay Pyi Taw
Tel: 067-421617~18
422012~15, Ext: 235.
Res: 067-414813, 09-492-
09039. Email : eternal@
Balance Fitnesss
No 64 (G), Kyitewine
Pagoda Road, Mayangone
Township. Yangon
01-656916, 09 8631392
Email - info@
Life Fitness
Bldg A1, Rm No. 001,
Shwekabar Housing,
Mindhamma Rd,
Mayangone Tsp. Yangon.
Ph: 01-656511,
Fax: 01-656522,
Hot line: 0973194684,
No. 20, Ground Floor, Pearl
Street, Golden Valley Ward,
Bahan Township, Yangon.
Tel : 09-509 7057, 01-
220881, 549478 (Ext : 103)
Email : realtnessmyanmar
Foam Spray Insulation
No-410, Ground Fl,Lower
Pazuntaung Rd, Pazun
taung Tsp, Yangon.Telefax
: 01-203743, 09-5007681.
Hot Line-09-730-30825.
illy, Francis Francis, VBM,
Brasilia, Rossi, De Longhi
Nwe Ta Pin Trading Co., Ltd.
Shop C, Building 459 B
New University Avenue
01- 555-879, 09-4210-81705
No. 56, Bo Ywe St,
Latha Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-246551, 375283,
09-2132778, 09-31119195.
Car Rental Service
Shwe Hinthar B 307, 6 1/2
Miles, Pyay Rd., Yangon.
Tel: +95 (0)1 654 730
Myanmar Research | Consulting | Technology
Zamil Steel
No-5, Pyay Road,
7 miles,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (95-1) 652502~04.
Fax: (95-1) 650306.
Email: zamilsteel@
Diamond Palace Jewelry
Shop (1) - No. 663/665,
Mahar Bandoola Rd,
Tel : 01-371 944, 371 454,
Shop (2) - No.1103/1104/
1105, Ground Fl, Taw Win
Center, Tel : 01-8600111
ext :1103, 09 49307265
Shop (3) - No.B 020,
Ground Fl, Junction
Square Shopping Center,
Tel : 01-527 242 ext : 1081,
09 73203464
Shop (4) Ground Fl,
Gamonepwint Shopping
Mall, Kabaraye Pagoda
Rd, Tel : 01-653 653 ext :
8205, 09 421763490
Shop (5) - 229/230, 1st Fl,
Ocean Shwe Ghone Daing
Super Center, Yangon. Tel
: 09-312 91904, 09-732-
The Lady Gems &
No. 7, Inya Rd, Kamayut
Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-2305800,
Best Jewels
No. 44, Inya Road,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-2305811, 2305812.
Ruby & Rare Gems
of Myanamar
No. 527, New University
Ave., Bahan Tsp. Yangon.
Tel: 549612, Fax : 545770.
The Natural Gems of
Myanmar & Fine Jewellery.
No. 30(A), Pyay Road,
(7 mile), Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-660397, 654398
Your Most Reliable Jeweller
9/13, 50th street-lower,
Botataung Tsp. Tel-397160.
Kham Le
22, Thukha Waddy St,
Suneyan Park, Yankin, Ph:
01-8605223, 8605224.
The First Air conditioning
systems designed to keep
you fresh all day
Zeya & Associates Co., Ltd.
No.437 (A), Pyay Road,
Kamayut. P., O 11041
Yangon, Tel: +(95-1)
Mandalay- Tel: 02-60933.
Nay Pyi Taw- Tel:
067-420778, E-mail :
com. URL: http://www.
Media Relations,
Event Management &
Strategic Communications
Hotline : 09 730 81 787
Email : tharapa.myanmar
Yangon : A-3, Aung San
Stadium (North East Wing),
Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp.
Tel : 245543, 09-73903736,
Mandalay : No.(4) 73rd St,
Btw 30th & 31st St, Chan
Aye Thar Zan Tsp. Tel : 09-
6803505, 09-449004631.
Naypyitaw : Level (2),
Capital Hyper Mart,
Yazathingaha Street,
Outarathiri Tsp. Tel : 09-
33503202, 09-73050337
Sein Shwe Tailor, 797
(003-A), Bogyoke Aung
San Rd, MAC Tower 2,
Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon,
Ph: 01-225310, 212943~4
Ext: 146, 147, E-mail:
No. (6), Lane 2
Botahtaung Pagoda St,
01-9010003, 291897.,
Learn to dance with
social dancing
94, Bogalay Zay St,
Botataung T/S,
Tel : 01-392526,
Worlds leader in
Kitchen Hoods & Hobs
Same as Ariston Water
Heater. Tel: 251033,
379671, 256622, 647813
The Best Conference,
Exhibition & Workshop at
Reasonable Cost in Yangon
25-27 Sept
Nandawun Compound,
No. 55, Baho Road,
Corner of Baho Road
and Ahlone Road, (near
Eugenia Restaurant),
Ahlone Township. tel:
212 409, 221 271. 214708
fax: 524580. email: info@
150 Dhamazedi Rd.,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 536306, 537805.
Email : yangon@
15(B), Departure Lounge,
Yangon Intl Airport.
#87/2, Crn of 26
& 27

St, 77
St,Chan Aye Thar
Zan Tsp, Mandalay.
Tel : (02) 24880.
Marina Residence, Yangon
Ph: 650651~4, Ext: 109
Beauty Plan, Corner of
77th St & 31st St, Mandalay
Ph: 02 72506
Lemon Day Spa
No. 96 F, Inya Road,
Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 514848, 09-732-08476.
E.mail: lemondayspa.2011
No. 52, Royal Yaw Min Gyi
Condo, Room F, Yaw Min
Gyi Rd, Dagon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: 09-425-307-717
La Source Beauty Spa
80-A, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp.
Tel: 512380, 511252
Beauty Bar by La Source
Room (1004), Sedona Hotel,
Tel : 666 900 Ext : 7167
La Source Beauty Spa
13/13, Mya Sandar St,
bet: 26_27, bet: 62_63,
Chanaye Tharzan Tsp.
Tel : 09-4440-24496.
Beauty Spa & Reexology
42 (A), Amaka (10)
Kyaung St, Pyay Rd,
Hlaing Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 01-507070, 01-507141,
09-51 09435, 09-51 43568
24 Hrs International Clinic
Medical and Security
Assistance Service
@ Victoria Hospital
No.68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile,
Mayangon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: +951 651 238
+959 495 85 955
Fax: +959 651 398
24 Hours Laboratory
& X-ray, CT, MRI, USG
Mammogram, Bone DXA
@ Victoria Hospital
No. 68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile,
Mayangon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: (951) 9 666141
Fax: (951) 9 666135
Physiotherapy Clinic.
Body Massage - 7000 Ks
Foot Massage - 6000 Ks
Body & Foot Massage -
12,000 Ks
No.285, Bo Aung Kyaw Rd,
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon.
09:00 AM - 09:00 PM
Tel : 09-8615036
No.(68), Tawwin Street,
9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp,
Hunt line: +95 1 9666 141,
Booking Ext : 7080, 7084.
Fax: +95 1 9666 135
Facebook :
Pearl Dental
29, Shwe Taung Tan St,
Lanmadaw Tsp.
Ph : 01-226274,
9:30 AM TO 9:00 PM
Bahosi, Housing Complex,
Bogyoke Aung San Road,
Lanmadaw Tsp,
Tel: 01-2300502, 2300530.
Dent Myanmar
Condo (C), Room (001),
Tatkatho Yeikmon Housing,
New University Avenue Rd,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 09 8615162, 09 8615163,
542 375, (Ext 1155)
7, East Shwe Gone Dine Rd,
Bahan, Ph: 544128.
Myittar Oo Eye Hospital
499, Pyay Rd, Kamayut Tsp.
Ph: 09-527381.
No. 589-592, Bo Aung
Kyaw St, Yangon-Pathein
highway Road. Hlaing
Tharyar tsp. Tel: 951-
645178-182, 685199, Fax:
951-645211, 545278.
e-mail: mkt-mti@
Ground Floor,
Shwe Bon Thar St(Middle),
Pabedan Tsp, Yangon,
Tel: 253214, 0973098782,
Express Delivery &
Logistic Service
YGN Tel : 01-2301865
MDY Tel : 09-4200-66638
NPT Tel : 09-4920-5684
Express Courier & Cargo
One Stop Logistic Solution
Ygn, Hot Line: 01-374457
Duty Free Shops
Yangon International
Airport, Arrival/Departure
Mandalay International
Airport, Departure
Ofce: 17, 2
Hlaing Yadanarmon Housing,
Hlaing Township, Yangon.
Tel: 500143, 500144, 500145.
98(A), Kaba Aye Pagoda
Road, Bahan Township,
Yangon. Tel: 542979,
553783, 09-732-16940.
Fax: 542979
Email: asiapacic.
First Class VIP
Limousine Car Rental.
Professional English
Speaking Drivers.
Full Insurance for
your Safety and
comfortable journey
Call us Now for your
best choice
09 - 402 510 003
01-646 330
Vehicle Operating Leases:

Semi trailers

Vans and Minibuses


Strategic PR, Media
Monitoring, Media
Networking, Media
brieng for Executives
#17, ShweThaPyay
Housing 2, Nawaratt St,
10 Quarter, Thaketa Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: +959 421027567, +959
5070524, pandpmedia.
Executive Serviced Ofces
Tel : 01-4413410
Capital Hyper Mart
14(E), Min Nandar Road,
Dawbon Tsp. Ph: 553136.
City Mart (Aung San) tel:
253022, 294765.
City Mart (47
St Branch)
tel: 200026, 298746.
City Mart (Junction 8)
tel: 650778.
City Mart (FMI City Branch)
tel: 682323.
City Mart (Yankin Center
Branch) tel: 400284.
City Mart (Myaynigone)
tel: 510697.
City Mart (Zawana Branch)
City Mart (Shwe Mya Yar)
tel: 294063.
City Mart (Chinatown Point)
tel: 215560~63.
City Mart (Junction Maw Tin)
tel: 218159.
City Mart (Marketplace)
tel: 523840~43.
City Mart
tel: 02-71467~9.
No.332, Pyay Rd, San
Chaung. Tel: 535-783, 527705,
501429. Email: sales-ikon@
Junction Maw Tin
Anawrahta Rd, Lanmadaw,
Ph: 01-225244.
Junction Square
Pyay Rd, Kamayut,
Ph: 01-527242.
Junction Zawana
Lay Daung Kan St,
Thingangyun, Ph: 573929.
Ocean (North Point)
Pyay Rd, 9 mile,
Ph: 01-652959.
Ocean (East Point)
Mahabandoola Rd,
Ph: 01-397146.
Myittar Yeik Mon Housing,
Tamwe, Ph: 09-8623381.
Design, Fabrication,
Supply & Erection of Steel
Tel : (+95-1) 122 1673
Email : Sales@WEC-
Mon - Sat (9am to 6pm)
No. 797, MAC Tower II,
Rm -4, Ground Flr,
Bogyoke Aung San Rd,
Lamadaw Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (951) 212944 Ext: 303,
Tel : 01-9000712~13 Ext : 330
Home Outdoor Ofce
99 Condo, Ground Floor,
Room (A), Damazedi Rd,
Kamayut Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 09-2504-28700
Bldg-A2, G-Flr, Shwe
Gabar Housing, Mindama
Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. email: eko-nr@
Ph: 652391, 09-73108896
Bld-A2, Gr-Fl, Shwe
Gabar Housing, Mindama
Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. email: eko-nr@
Ph: 652391, 09-73108896
Room No. 1101, 16
Tower B, Maw Tin Tower,
Corner of Anawrahta Rd
& Lanthit St, Lanmadaw
Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : (95-1) 218489. 218490
Fax : (95-1) 218492
Email : marketing @, contact@,
web :
Top Marine Show Room
No-385, Ground Floor,
Lower Pazundaung Road,
Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 01-202782, 09-851-5597
150 Brand NEW
International Standard
Rental Apartments
Hotline : 09 43 200 845
09 250 516 616
email : rental.starcity@
Pun Hlaing Golf Estate
Gated Golf Community
Available Immediately
PHGE Sales & Marketing,
Hlaing Tharyar Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 951-687 800, 684 013
Master Burmese Faster!
Professional Burmese
Language Course for All
436, Top r, Thein Phyu Rd,
Mingalar Taung Nyut Tsp,
Tel : 09-4316 8422
Email: register.mmlc@
22, Pyay Rd, 9 mile,
Mayangone Tsp.
tel: 660769, 664363.
Franzo Living Mall
15(A/5), Pyay Rd, A1(9miles),
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-664026, 01-656970,
Premium Chef Uniform
Building B-1, Room 001,
Myittar Street, TamweLay,
TamweTsp, Yangon.
Tel: 01-556703, 09-
5408885, 09-5067816
Legendary Myanmar Intl
Shipping & Logistics Co.,
No-9, Rm (A-4), 3
Kyaung St, Myaynigone,
Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 516827, 523653,
Mobile. 09-512-3049.
Email: legandarymyr@ .mm
Japan Sushi Izagaya
81 (A), Latha St,
Latha Tsp, Yangon.
Ph : 01-371508, 09-51 0 9435,
09-51 43568, 09-312 93852
Enchanting and Romantic,
a Bliss on the Lake
62 D, U Tun Nyein Road,
Mayangon Tsp, Yangon
Tel. 01 665 516, 660976
Mob. 09-730-30755
22, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd,
Bahan Tsp. tel 541997.
email: leplanteur@
G-01, City Mart
(Myay Ni Gone Center).
Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 106
G-05, Marketplace by
City Mart.
Tel: 01-523840 Ext: 105
Pizza Mazzi
Ocean Center (North
Point), Ground Floor,
Tel: 09-731-83900 01-
Monsoon Restaurant
& Bar 85/87, Thein Byu
Road, Botahtaung Tsp.
Tel: 295224, 09-501 5653.
1. WASABI : No.20-B,
Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin Tsp,(Near MiCasa),
Tel; 09-4250-20667,
Myaynigone (City Mart)
Yankin Center (City Mart)
Delicious Hong Kong Style
Food Restaurant
G-09, City Mart (Myay Ni
Gone Center).
Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 114
42 Strand Road,
Botahtaung, Yangon.
Tel: 95 9420 180 214, 95
9420 101 854,
Horizon Intl School
25, Po Sein Road, Bahan
Tsp, tel : 541085, 551795,
551796, 450396~7.
fax : 543926, email :
English Education Centre
Nursery - Primary
(15 months - 12 years)
55 (B), Po Sein Road,
Bahan Township.
Tel : (951) 546097, 546761.
I nternational
M ontessori
M yanmar
Get your Visa online for
Business and Tourist
No need to come to
#165. 35th Street,
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: +951 381200, 204020
Commercial scale
water treatment
(Since 1997)
Tel: 01-218437~38.
H/P: 09-5161431,
39-B, Thazin Lane, Ahlone.
Water Treatement Solution
Block (A), Room (G-12),
Pearl Condo, Kabar Aye
Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp.
Hot Line : 09-4500-59000
Company Limited
Web Services
All the way from Australia
world-class websites/
web apps for desktop,
smartphone & tablets,
online shopping with
real-time transaction,
news/magazine site,
forum, email campaign
and all essential online
services. Domain
registration & cloud
hosting. Talk to us: (01)
430-897, (0) 942-000-4554.
The Global leader in
Water Heaters
A/1, Aung San Stadium
East Wing, Upper
Pansodan Road.
Tel: 01-256705, 399464,
394409, 647812.
Shan Yoma Tours Co.,Ltd
Ph: 01-9010378, 9010382,
Asian Trails Tour Ltd
73 Pyay Rd, Dagon tsp.
tel: 211212, 223262.
fax: 211670. email: res@
Water Heater
Made in Japan
Same as Rinnai Gas Cooker
and Cooker Hood
Showroom Address
No. 74, Lann Thit Road,
Nant Thar Kone Ward,
Insein Tsp, Yangon. Tel : 09-
4026-68668, 09-4026-68600
Email : sanymyanmar@
#77/2b, DhammaZedi Rd,
Corner of U Wisara Rd,
SanchaungTsp, Yangon.
Tel: +95 931 323 291
Mahabandoola St, Top of
St, Latha
Ph: 01-397146.
Orange Super Market
103, Thu Damar Rd,
Industrial Zone, North
Okkalar, Ph: 9690246
Executive Serviced
Ofce, Registered
and Virtual Ofce, Hot
Desking, Meeting Rooms
Tel: +(95) 1 387947
Ground Floor,
Shwe Bon Thar St(Middle),
Pabedan Tsp, Yangon,
Tel: 253214, 09420049459,
Schenker (Thai) Ltd.
Yangon 59 A, U Lun
Maung Street. 7 Mile
Pyay Road, MYGN. tel:
667686, 666646.fax:
651250. email: sche
No. 5, U Tun Nyein
Street, Mayangone T/S,
Tel : 01-660 612, 657928,
01-122 1014, 09 508 9441
Email : lalchimiste.
a drink from paradise...
available on Earth
@Yangon International
Hotel, No.330, Ahlone Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 09-421040512
Quality Chinese Dishes
with Resonable Price
@Marketplace by City Mart.
Tel: 01-523840 Ext.109
Good taste & resonable
@Thamada Hotel
Tel: 01-243047, 243639-41
Ext: 32
Bo Sun Pat Tower, Bldg
608, Rm 6(B), Cor of
Merchant Rd & Bo Sun
Pat St, PBDN Tsp. Tel:
377263, 250582, 250032,
09-511-7876, 09-862-4563.
Heaven Pizza
38/40, Bo Yar Nyunt St.
Yaw Min Gyi Quarter,
Dagon Township.
Tel: 09-855-1383
World famous Kobe Beef
Near Thuka Kabar
Hospital on Pyay Rd,
Marlar st, Hlaing Tsp.
Tel: +95-1-535072
Horizon Restaurant & Bar
KH Hotel Roof top
No. (28-A), 7 Miles,
Pyay Road, Mayangone
Township, Yangon.
Ph: 95-1-652532, 652533
Fire, Motor and Life
44, TheinPhyu Road,
Tel : 01- 8610656
Mob : 09-5055216
Email: maythet@gw-
Moby Dick Tours Co., Ltd.
Islands Safari in the Mergui
5 Days, 7 Days, 9 Days Trips
Tel: 95 1 202063, 202064
E-mail: info@islandsafari Website: www.
For House-Seekers
with Expert Services
In all kinds of Estate Fields
09-332 87270 (Fees Free)
09-2541 26615 (Thai Language)
No-410, Ground Floor,
Lower Pazundaung Road,
Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 09-851-5202
Sole Distributor
For the Union of
Myanmar Since 1995
Myanmar Golden Rock
International Co.,Ltd.
#06-01, Bldg (8), Myanmar
ICT Park, University Hlaing
Campus, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 654810~17.
Worlds No.1 Paints &
Coatings Company
Crown Worldwide
Movers Ltd 790, Rm 702,
Flr Danathiha Centre,
Bogyoke Aung San Rd,
Lanmadaw. Tel: 223288,
210 670, 227650. ext: 702.
Fax: 229212. email: crown
Re a l Es t a t e Age nt
No Fees for Cl i ent s,
Contact Us : 09 2050107,
Relocation Specialist
Rm 504, M.M.G Tower,
#44/56, Kannar Rd,
Botahtaung Tsp.
Tel: 250290, 252313.
Mail : info@asiantigers-
Matrix System
No.77, Lanthit Street,
Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 01-221944, 225374.
Ofce Culture Co., Ltd
Taw Win Center, 3
Rm 4031/4033, Pyay Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 09-2540 14097
Property General
BY FAX : 01-254158
BY MAIL : 379/383, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Kyauktada Township, Yangon.
CALL: Khin Mon Mon Yi - 01-392676, 392928
Housing for Rent
(1).Near Park Royal,
Hotel,1100Sqft, 2MBR,
F.F, 5F, 10Lakhs (2).Near
Ruby Mark, 1500Sqft,
1MBR,1BR, F.F, Lift,
10Lakhs (3).Near Inya
Lake, 1900Sqft, 2MBR,
2BR, F.F, Lift, 13Lakhs
(4).Near Hladan center,
1000Sqft, 1MBR, 2BR,
Lift, 10Lakhs (5). Near
Yuzana Plaza, 1250Sqft,
2MBR, 1BR, Lift, 10Lakhs
(6).Near China Embassy,
2100Sqft, 2MBR, 2BR,
Lift, $5500. Ph:09-4211-
(1).Gamone Pwint Condo
, 1800Sqft, 1MBR, 2BR,
F.F, Lift, $4000 (2).
Near Kan Daw Gyi,
1800Sqft, 1MBR, 2BR,
F.F, LIft, $4500 (3).Golden
Velly, 50x60, 5MBR,
3BR, F.F, 3RC, 80Lakhs
(4)Near Yakin Center,
60x90, 2MBR,1BR,
2RC, 50Lakhs (5)9 Mile,
80x60, 4MBR, F.F,
2RC, 40Lakhs (6).Near
by Junction Zawana,
20x50, 1MBR, 3BR,
2RC, 15Lakhs. Ph:09-
HLAING, Shwe Hinn Thar
Condo, 6 1/2 mile, Pyay
Rd, 2600Sqft, 2 MBR, 2
SR, Furniture, Swimming
pool, Gym, Internet
(Fiber), Satellite, Ph line,
fully air-conditioners,
Water heater, USD 5500
per month (Nego:), Ph:09-
Lease, Pearl Centre,
Bahan, Kabar Aye
Pagoda Rd. 500-
10,000 sq-ft available at
affordable rates. Contact:
09 430 30 288 slee888@
BAHAN, University
Avenue Condo,
1350Sqft, 1 MBR, 2SR,
Furnished, Skynet
satellite, air-conditioners,
Water heaters, USD
1800 per month (2)
Mayangone, Kabaaye
Pagoda Rd, Near Inya
lake Hotel, 0.2Acre, 2
storey building, Garden,
3MBR, 2 BR, Water
heaters, Air-conditioners,
Semi-furnished, USD
2200 per month (4)
Yankin, 0.2Acre, 2 storey
building, Big Garden,
1MBR, Air-conditioners,
Ph line, Generator line,
Furnished, TV, Skynet,
Internet, Water heater,
USD 2500 per month
(Nego:), Ph:09-3106-
FULLY furnished 4BR
homes with modern
western style kitchen.
4BR house divided into 3
spacious 2BR apartments
in a gated compound.
Easy access to & from
the downtown area.
Shops, supermarkets
& restaurants 10 mins
away. All apartments
have en-suite and large
living space. Shared
entrance and furnished
living room, dining room
furnished and kitchen
includes refrigerator, gas
cook top microwave and
cabinet lockable cabinet
for each apartment,
Washing machine.
Facilities management,
minimart, swimming pool
and bbq area. Phyo: 09-
1800 sqft, 2 privates
Rooms, 2 Hall, 2 Bath
Rooms & 2 Toilets,
2lifts, parquet foor (New
Rm) (2).2RC, Near by
diamond condo, 2MBR,
3BR, Parquet foor. Ph:
BAHAN, Moe Ma Kha St,
a pleasant location inside,
30' x 110', 3 stories. fully
furnished containing 5
bedrooms with air-cons,
3 BR, toilets, spacious
living room, dining
room, kitchen, 6 AC. car
garage, servant quarter.
USD $5200 per month
(negotiable). Ph:09-500-
0520, 09-2560-29866,
TAMWE, Po Sein Rd,
65'x80' USD $5000
(nego) Ph : 09-2506-
49342, 09-507-3521.
BAHAN, Moe Myint San
Codo, 2400 sqft, Fully
furnished, Ph:09-518-
INYA RD, 2 RC, 3008 sqft,
3 MBRE, 2 BR, 1 living,
1 dinning, 1 praying, 1
kitchen, 1 common toilet,
1 car garage, 2 store
room, 1 ph line, AC 6,
water heater 5, Internet
line, All bedroom are
bathroom attached. Price
3500 U$, quite & power
save place. 30/I, Inya
Rd, kamayut, near Inya
hotel. Ph: 09-512-6285,
Housing for Sale
(water + electricity
included), 60'x80', on
Bogyoke Aung San
Rd, near Mawlamyine
University. Price:
negotiable. Ph: 09-515-
Quarter in Taunggyi 2
stories RC Building with
car garage 2 stories on
land area 0.08 Acre, near
school, on main road. Ph:
KAMAYUT, (1)Pyay Rd,
Diamond condo, 1600
sqft, 1MBR, 2BR, 3AC,
4800 Lakhs. Owner : 09-
Premission 8 Acre or
(3.24 Hectare) of land at
Prime location with 360
degree view to Inle Lake.
Ph: 09-2042-457.
Want to Rent
REQUIRED small condo
or apartment in new
building with 1 bedroom,
1 living room, kitchen with
or without furniture for
foreigner. Shared house
also welcome. Ready to
pay upto US$ 1500/- per
month. No agent fees will
be paid. Please contact
TEACHING and guide,
Kg to Primary6, Int'l
school. Tr. Hnin : 09-
PHYSICS Home Tution,
Sayar U Myint Thein:
Yangon University,
Grade X,XI. IGCSE.
SAT II. Ph: 09-730-
52859. Email: umtedu@
GUIDE for ABE Level 6-
Graduate Diploma in
Business Management
students, Strategic
Marketing Management
Strategic Human
Resource Management,
Managing in Organiza
tion Corporate Strate
gy & Planning,
International Business
Case Study. Contact:
TEACHING and guide,
KG to Primary 6, For
Int'l school, (MIS. YIS.
Horizon.) Ph:09-4200-
MATHS Tuition for all
international school
students from class
4th to 10th. I did my
PG in maths from
India and having 8+
years of teaching
experience. I can teach
only in English & Hindi
language. Interested
students pls contact
at shilpi_19sep@ or
shi l pi . 19sep@gmai l .
your child from ILBC,
YIS, ISY, ISM, Yangon
Academy, MIS, MISY,
DSY or all international
schools (KG to Sec 3 or
Grade 9) weak in Maths,
doesnt understand
problem solving, no one
can help him or her in
practicing or learning?
If your child is willing
to learn & practise, I
will teach him or her to
develop the required
skills to improve in
Maths from present
situation. Please
contact and come to
Daw Naing Naing Aung,
B.Com (Q), No.(6),
Thuketa St, Baukhtaw,
Yankin. Ph: 09-500-
4993, 544594.
Centre : IGCSE
Training Class Primary-
Secondary Training
class, Enlish grammar
class, English Listening
class, English speaking
practice class, Myanmar
Language class . Ph:
09-513-9298, 09-732-
LITERATURE &language
art study for SAT up to
12 Grade , it is right to
enjoy reading classic
novel, short stories and
critical thinking . Writing
for story map,summery,
play script , biography,
factual writing can be
practiced. If you had
tried as much as you
can to follow the lesson
and you will get good
experiences and skill.
This program will help
you capability and fll
your luck of knowledge..
Middle school students
can study in a small
class. U Thant Zin :
28-3/B, Thatiphtan St,
Tarmwe. Ph: 09-3102-
1314, 09-503-5350.
GALAXY International
Education Center :
Kindergarten (Focus on
Scholastic Curriculum).
Age 2 to 6 years old.
Monday to Friday on
9:00 a.m to 3:00 p.m.
weekend English
Courses. Age 5 to 15
years old. Saturday and
Sunday on 9:00 a.m to
12:00 a.m. Contact Vs:
No.(5/6), Thiri Gone
Avenue, Opposite of
Aung Yadana Hospital,
Thingangyun, Yangon.
Ph:09-31855521, 09-
HOME Tution & Guide:
For Pre - KG, Primary
& Secondary level.
Specialize in Maths &
Biology Tr. Daw Khin
Swe Win (B.E.H.S
Thuwunna) Rtd. Ph:
GIVE your child the
best possible start to
life at International
Montessori Myanmar
(English Education
Center), accredited by
IMC Bangkok (Since
1991). Learning through
play. 55(B), Po Sein Rd,
Bahan, Yangon, Tel:
546097, 546761. Email:
IGCSE, Secondary 3, 4
Physics, Maths B, Pure
Maths. Practice with 15
years old questions. Ph:
SAYA Saw Aung
(Ex.A.P), Chemistry
Classes for Int'l School
(Sec-Levels), IGCSE,
Cambridge Int'l AS & A
Level & SAT-2, Ph: 09-
SAYA U Kyaw Thu(UKT),
English : Grade 10 & 11,
Grammar & speaking,
Tourism English,
(Cambridge & Edexcel),
IB all subjects available
Home tuitions, Regular
t ui t i ons, Exam
preparation classes.
Ph: 09-508-8683
BE (Naval Architecture)
(Myanmar Maritimes
University). I train and
help matriculation
students with their
studies at their home. I
will be a huge help for
any student who wants
to learn all the questions
but facing diffculties in
doing it. With my help
and your deligence, it
will be a lot easier to gain
distinctions. Let's do all
the sums and let's beat
the exam. Ph: 09-4210-
FOR IGCSE Physics :
Home tution. Pls contact
: 09-4200-94493.
Expert Services
I DO translate
English ~Myanmar &
Myanmar~English and
also teach Myanmar
language (4 skills) for
foreigners. If you want
to contact, call me,
Katherine Ph:09-516-
guide in English,
French is available
f or i mmedi at e
appointment, please
ring 09-3019-9028.
Writing Service,
Wanting to have a
business profle which
does not merely give
information about your
business yet it goes an
extra mile to seal new
business opportunities
in a professional
manner? Golden
Miracle Co., Ltd: 09-512-
0462 for professional
profle writing service.
Experienced business
profle writers across
different industries.
A business profle is
more than a bunch of
information, rather, it
is something which
gives you a head start
to limitless stream of
Z C L ( Y . U . F . L )
Translation Service,
Translate from English
to Myanmar, Myanmar
to English. Ph:09-
250-666325 email :
Domestic Helper avail
able know how to
care for infants, old-
age people, cooking,
washing, ironing, etc.
Interested please call:
09-2506-49927, 09-
10$: 11000 Ks,
Unlimited World :12500
Ks, Korea 400 Minutes :
7500 Ks, Malaysia 400
Minutes: 10000Ks,
Unlimited Singapore or
US : 8000Ks, MEB Talk2
(10 Euro) : 12500 Ks,
Rynga & Free Call (10
Euro) : 15500 Ks 40(B),
3rd Flr, Yangon-Insein
Rd, Hledan. Ph : 09-
RENTAL Services
of Condos, Landed
Houses, Offces and
Commercial Properties.
Our lists can be checked
Myat Estate Agency,
Hotline: 09-4308-3781.
SUN (General Painting
Group) Unitex - 80, 150,
200, 220. Orient-160,
250, 280. Premier-225,
350, 700. Nippon-400,
500, 750. Ph:09-4207-
24608 , 09-731-31261
Maids Services : We
provide experienced
stay-in housemaids to
do washing, ironing,
cleaning, taking care of
infants, old-people etc..
Interested please call :
LYNN Home Medical
Service : 09-3212-
Estate : For sale, buy
& rent, Pls contact to
Ph: 3940532, 09-730-
08848, 3920853
For Rent
100 M/T capacity
situated at Hlaing Thar
Yar Industrial are at
reasonable rate. Aye
Chan Win Co., Ltd :
85, Htay Thinn Ah Twin
Wun U Chain Rd, Zone
2, Yangon. Ph: 682011,
685846, 09-500-8845.
Email: ayechanwin-
TAXI 2007 Model,Probox
GL, Yankin, Deposit
2 Lakhs, Owner fee
9,000./-Daily. Ph: 09-
For Sale
TOYOTA Fielder, E E/....
Model 2002, 1500cc,
115 Lakhs. Ph: 09-516-
5340, 09-4210-6276.
CAR, KIA Sorento,
Brand New 2013 SUV,
Cosmic Blue colour,
2.2 Diesel Manual and
Automatic, 7 Seater.
Call for more inquiries
Over 100 years old
Myanmar Coins, Inida,
China & America Coin
are available. Try
this address- http://
com Ph:09-731-250 43.
English Language
Tr ai ni ng f or
workplaces and Project
Management Training
Programmes in every
month by collaborating
wi t h Pr oj ect
Management Institute
from America and
Comprehensive English
Center from Malaysia.
We are offering,
English business
writing skills course
busi ness wri ti ng
skills course. How to
make an impact with
your presentation.
How to communicate
better in English at
the work places.
English proficiency
from elementary to
pre i ntermedi ate
l evel s course
English profciency inter
mediate levels course
English proficiency
advance levels course
Project Management
Awareness Training
Project Management
Fundamental Training
If you are interested
in it, please feel free
to contact :09-731-
18749, 09-732-40764
or kaungsanthu1994@
HOME Tutuion in English,
Myanmar language.
Can be arranged at
learner's suitable time
and residences. Ph:
Myanmar Language ?
group class and one
by will got the
surprise within one
month can talk fuently.
Please contact Ms.May:
JAPANESE Language 4
skills JLPT N5 To N1 We
are avaliable Monday
To Friday Classes, Sat
& Sun Classes and
Home teaching. Ph:09-
language for foreigners
Near Myay Ni Gone City
Mart, Sanchaung. Tel:
09-4200-30782 http://
www. f acebook. com/
for adults Near Myay
Ni Gone City Mart,
Sanchaung. Ph: 09-
OXFORD English
Language centre :
Daw Khtheleen Thein,
B.A(Eng), Dip in ELT,
TESOL (Canada), Dip
in Franch. Starters,
Movers, Flyers. IELTS
(Preparation). Four
skills. No. 10, Marlar
Myaing St, Yankin. Ph:
maker, Corel Draw,
Graphic Design (Page
maker, Corel Draw
(or) Illustrator, Photo
shop), Web Design,
AutoCad (2D/3D),
AutoCad (CIVIL Only),
AutoCad (Mechanical
Onl y), 3dsMax,
Microstation, Excel
special, Ms Access,
LCCI I,II (Mon, Tue 7-9
am, Fri, Sat 6-8 pm),
Peachtree, Auto Count,
Japanese language
(N-5,N-4,N-3) ICTC
Computer Technology
Center. Ph: 09-2540-
86001, 09- 4925-5368
for females by Indian
instructor. Interested
persons pls contact
at shilpi_19sep@ or shilpi.
Rental, Various types
of car rent for daily or
monthly use. Alphard,
Surf, Prado, Super
Custom, Grand Carvin.
Ph: 09-4500-20233,
09-540-1236 Email
: mt.carbusiness@
Rental Service "Any
kinds of car for your
any trip. We can
fully provide to be
satisfed" Contact:09-
4210-78565, 09-
4480-00375 Email :
Travel arrange
Inbound & Outbound
Tour packages, Air
Ticketing (International
& Domestic), Car
Rental Services, Hotel
Reservation, Guide
Services & other
travelling services.
Call : 01-378045, 09-
4306-5349 Email:
power f ul t r avel 72@, powerful
"ASIAN Bliss Myanmar"
Travel & Tour (Car
Rental Services) Bldg
289,room 3 east yankin
09-519-1785, 09-731-
Public Notics
Mi TA Myanmar
Investment, Trade
& Technol ogy
Conference, Workshop
and Exhibition will be
held during 25-27 Sept
2014 UMFCCI, Yangon.
The Best Conference,
Exhibition & Workshop
@ Reasonable Fees
in Myanmar! for more
info, please visit: www.
Mi t a My a n ma r I n v e
s t m e n t T r a d e
T e c h n o l o g y, Ph:
09420110451, 09-
4201-10666, Email:
We provide the following
Training, CISCO, CCNA,
www. f acebook. com/
imcscompany, 09-4500-
House For Rent
Newly renovated 6 bedrooms,
all with attached bathroom. Full
Aircon, Generator, Auto Gate,
Large Parking Area, Large Land-
scape Garden, Open Kitchen, Able
to do long term contract, for only
5,000,000 per month.
Call 09-4200-15888.

UN Positions
World Food Programme
is seeking (1)
Programme Offcer,
NO-A Maungdaw (Re-
advertisement) (2) Field
Monitor Assistant,
GS-4 Taunggyi (Re-
advertisement) For more
information, please visit
to http://www.themimu.
nationals. Please Email
the applications with UN
P-11 to wfpmyanmar.
vacancy@wf p. or g<
mai l t o: wf pmyanmar.
vacancy@wf p. or g>
COB 19 August 2014.
EMBASSY of the Republic
of Korea is seeking (1)
Admin Assistant - M/F
1 Post : Fluent in both
written &spoken English,
self -motivator, computer
literate, good knowledge
in Korean language is
preferable. University
degree holder, Minimum
2 years of experience
in Administration. (2)
Economic Researcher-
M/F 1 Post : Fluent in
English 4 skills, self-
motivator, Computer
literate. University
degree holder, having
knowledge in collecting
& updating information
especially in Economic
& Energy feld. Send
updated CV to 97,
University Avenue,
Bahan. Ph: 01-527142~4
or through the mail
kor eaembassymm@ .
Ingo Positions
AMDA is seeking a
dedicated person to
work as a "Medical
Coordinator" in Kokang
Self-administered Zone,
Northern Shan State:
M.B.B.S, 2 years
experiences (INGO
experience would be
an asset). Strong data
analysis skills. Good
command in English.
Strong computer skill.
Please enclose a C.V.,
copies of testimonials
(references) & passport
photo to Senior Offcer,
Admin/ Finance Unit,
AMDA Myanmar
Program Offce 19/B,
Thukhawaddy Rd,
Yankin, Yangon. Tel:
578353, Email: sr.afo.
a md a @g ma i l . c o m
Closing date : 18

August 2014.
THE INT'L Management
Group is an international
organization with an
offce established in
Yangon and is seeking
for the following position
for EU-funded capacity
building project.
Assistant- Interpreter
(national) is required for
an EU-funded project
in the IMG offce in
Naypyitaw with regular
feld visits in regions
and states. The position
requires over 5 years
experience in related
feld. University Diploma
in languages or relevant
feld is required. Required
to provide assistance-
translation to the EU
electoral support project
primarily collaborating
with the Union Election
Commission (UEC) in
EU ESP's day-to-day
activities. Required to
assist and translate
in the felds of voter
education and electoral
trainings. Required to
collaborate with national
electoral stakeholders
such as CSOs & political
parties. Required to
perform administration
tasks. Fluent in English.
Profciency in other
languages used in
Myanmar is an advantage.
Excellent computer skills.
Applications by email.
Deadline: 14th August,
Please send application
and CV with cover letter
to the IMG Offce at: 78/
D, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan,
Yangon, via email to:
vacancy-myanmar@ and contact
person is Ms. Chaw
Mueral Kyaw before
closing date August 14th
Rice Research Institute
(IRRI) is in need of the
following positions :
HR Business Partner-
Country Office,
Assistant Scientise-
Agronomy, Officer-
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e
Coordination, Offcer-
Accounting. All positions
are based at IRRI
Myanmar Offce, Yangon,
Myanmar. For further
details about IRRI and
above job opportunities,
please visit
Interested candidates
should submit CV with
a cover letter stating
motivation to apply for
the positions. Candidate
should apply online at (go to search
the IRRI job board" and
look for the position
titles above, click and
apply. IRRI is an Equal
Opportunity Employer
that values diversity
Women and minorties
are encouraged to apply.
DanChurchAid (DCA)
DCA is an int'l development
& humanitarian organisa
tion working in more than
20 countries. Currently
DCA is seeking to recruit a
qualifed and enthusiastic
person to fll the position
of Finance Offcer
Salary range 745.000
1.404.000 Kyats per
month. (Depending on
skills and experiences)
located based in
Yangon with occasional
monitoring visits outside.
Myanmar National with
Master degree holder
with a minimum of 5-year
experience in fnancial
management position are
required for the position.
A detailed Job Description
is available on request
from Ms. Hlaing Phyu
Min, The
applicants should submit
motivated application
(why are you qualifed
for this position),CV and
contact details of two
referees with any other
relevant documentation to
HR Unit by email hpmi@ and
not later than 15th August
2014. Please quote
reference: DCA Finance
Offcer application.
Rescue Committee -
Myanmar is seeking (1)
Field Coordinator in
Loikaw, Kayah State:
Masters Degree in
Business Administration,
Int'l Development, Com
munity Development,
Development Studies,
Economic Planning,
Rural Develop ment or
related felds. 5 years
of senior management
experience and/ or
community develop
ment. Fluent in English
& report writing skills. .(2)
Field Health Offcer in
Paletwa Tsp, Chin State:
Education; M.B.,B.S/
B.NSc/ B.CommH/
Diploma in Nursing.
2 years experience in
primary health care and
sexual and reproductive
health care services.
Experience on AMW
supervision. (3) Field
Health Offcer in Paletwa,
Chin State: M.B.,B.S/
B.NSc/ B.CommH/
Diploma in Nursing.
2 years experience in
primary health care &
sexual & reproductive
health care services.
Experience on AMW
supervision. (4)Supply
Chain Assistant 1 post
in Yangon: University
Degree or Diploma in
related feld and/ or
related training course.
For all posts: Good
command of English &
Myanmar. Computer
skills in Microsoft Offce
Pls submit a Cover
letter & CV to the HR
Department by email at:
MaiMyaMyintZu.Tin@ or by delivery
to the IRC offce : 33/A,
Natmauk Lane Thwe (1),
Bocho (2) Quarter, Bahan,
Yangon, Closing date for
1, 2 , 3 : 13, August 2014.
for 4: 14, August.
Rescue Committee is
seeking(1) Senior Field
Health Offcer 3 Posts
in Paletwa/ Kan Pet
Let, Chin State: M.B.,
B.S B. CommH, BNSc,
Diploma in Midwifery
or other health related
disciplines. 2 years
experience in community
health volunteer capacity
building and training of
MCH service providers.
Good Myanmar & ability to
communicate in English.
(2) Senior Health Offcer
(M&E) 1 post in Kanpetlet
Tsp, Chin State: M.B.,B.S
/ B.ComH or other health
related disciplines.
2 years experience
in project data base
management and health
database management,
especially - MoH HMIS.
(3)Junior Health Offcer
(M&E) 2 posts in Paletwa/
Kan Pet Let, Chin State:
M.B.,B.S/ B.ComH or
other health related
disciplines. 2 years
experience in project
data base management
and health database
management, especially
- MoH HMIS. Good
command of English &
Myanmar. Pls submit a
cover letter & CV to the
HR Department by email
at: MaiMyaMyintZu.Tin@ or by delivery
to the IRC offce: 33/A,
Natmauk Lane Thwe
(1), Bocho (2) Quarter,
Bahan, Yangon, Closing
date :18 August, 2014.
JHPIEGO is seeking
(1) MNCH Quality
Improvement advisor:
8 years experience in
developing MNCH HR
structures and policies
with a Bachelors degree
in health, education, or
related feld; Masters
degree preferred.
(2)MNCH Clinical
Advisor: 5+ years
of mid- to senior-level
experience designing &
implementing clinical
feld-based programs in
MNCH. (3)Midvifery
Education Advisor:
5+ years demonstrated
experience implement ing
& managing feld based
education programs in
MNCH with an advanced
clinical or educational
degree in midwifery
or nursing (MPH
preferred). (4)In-Service
(Clinical) Training
Advisor: Midwife or
health worker with 5 +
years of experience as
a midwifery clinician and
tutor. With knowledge
of clinical training
content. (5)Monitoring
& Evaluation Manager:
8 years experience
(preferably in MNCH)
plus a masters in public
health, epidemiology,
statistics, or related social
science degree (6)HR for
Health / MNH Qqality
Inprovement Advosor:
8 years experience in
program development /
manage ment experience
in program development
/ management in pre-
service education with
a bachelors degree in
health, education, or
related feld. Please
submit a detailed CV
& a letter of interest,
including the position for
which you are applying,
on or before August
22, 2014 to career@
Pls contact Ma Tazin Aung
at 09-3635-5516. www.
THE Association of Medical
Doctors of Asia is seeking
in Namtu Tsp at Lashio (1)
Field Offcer: Bachelor's
degree in health
related discipline or an
equivalent combination
of relevant education
and experience. 3 years
relevant professional
experience in a similar
role. Excellent in
English and Myanmar,
Knowledge of Shan.
Strong computer skill. (2)
Community Develop
ment Facilitator Team
Leader (CDF-TL)" for
Namtu at Lashio Field
Offce: Any degree holder
with 2 years professional
experience in community
development work,
preferably in the NGO/
INGO sector. Good
computer skills. Good
command of English and
Myanmar, knowledge
of Shan and/or Palaung
language is an asset.
( 3) Admi ni st r at i ve/
Financial Offcer 1 Post
in Yangon: University
degree in Accounting/
Financing with 2 years
experiences (INGO
experience would
be an asset). Strong
computer skill. Good
communication skill in
Myanmar and English.
Please apply by sending
a cover letter, C.V. with 2
references & a passport
photo to Admin/ Finance
Unit, AMDA Myanmar
Country Offce, 19 B,
Thukhawaddy St, Yankin,
Yangon. Tel: 578353,
Email: afo.namtu.amda@ Closing date:
For 1 & 2 : 14 August,
For 3 :11 August.
JHPIEGO is seeking
(1)Monitoring &
Evaluation Offcer :
3 years experience in
M&E plus an advanced
degree in public health,
epidemiology, statistics,
or related social science.
(2)Program Offcer : 3
~ 5 years experience in
MNCH plus a bachelors
degree (3)Program
Assistant : 3 years
of MNCH experience,
handling administrative
& programmatic matters,
and a bachelors degree
(4)IT Offcer : 3 ~ 5
years experience as a
system administrator
and a degree in
Information Technology,
or related feld (with
equivalent certifcations &
experience) (5) Logistics
Offcer: 4 years in
Logistics management
plus a bachelors degree
(6)Procurement Offcer:
3 years experience plus
a bachelors degree
(MBA preferred) (7)Field
Coordinator : Advanced
degree in public health or
education with 3+ years
experience. Please
submit a detailed CV
& a letter of interest,
including the position for
which you are applying,
on or before August
22, 2014 to career@
Pls contact Ma Tazin Aung
at 09-3635-5516. www.
(Minbyar) 1 Posts (2)
Field Supervisor (Nant
San) 1 Posts (3)M & E
Officer (NayPyiTaw)
1 Post (4)Project
Assistant (NayPyiTaw/
Yangon) 1 Post. Please
send application letter,
CV & related documents
to Myanmar Red
Cross Society (Head
Office) Yazatingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw. Email:
Ormrcshrrecruitment@ For more
information & application,
please visit to www.
my a n ma r r e d c r o s s Please
mention Position Title
in subject if you apply.
& Finance) - 1 post (2)
National Consultant -
1 post (3)HR Offcer- 1
post. Application process:
Please send application
letter, CV & related
documents to Myanmar
Red Cross Society (Head
Office) Yazatingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,Nay
Pyi Taw. Ormrcshr
For more information &
application, please visit to
www.myanmarredcross Please
mention Position title in
subject if you apply.
Local Positions
PERSONAL assistant
wanted: Private
household with soon four
members and a small
family business is looking
for a personal assistant to
take care of various tasks.
You are a young graduate,
motivated and you speak/
understand English well
then please contact 09-
515-2532, 09-511-1032.
(1) FINANCE Director
- M/F 1 Post (800-1800
USD) (2) General
Manager (Finance) - M/F
1 Post (800-1500 USD)
(3) General Manager
(Hydro + Coal) - M 1
Post (800~1500 USD)
(4) GM / Sr Manager
(Commercial & Co-
ordination for Thermal
Power Plant) - M 1 Post
(800-1500 USD) (5)
Planning & Controlling
Manager - M/F 3 Post
(800-1500 USD) (6)
Business Development
Manager - M/F 3 Posts
(500-1000 USD) (7)
Commercial Manager -
M/F 3 Posts (500-1000
USD) (8) Public Relation
Manager - M/F 3 Posts
(500-1000 USD) (9)
Technical Manager - M/F
3 Post (500-1000 USD)
(10) Finance Manager
- M/F 3 Posts (500-1000
USD) (11) Project Imple
mentation Manager
- M/F 3 Posts (500-
1000 USD) (12) Chief
Auditor - M/F 3 Posts
(500-1000 USD) (13)
Personal Assistant - M
3 Posts (400-800 USD)
(14)Project Engineer
(Investigator) - M 3
Posts (400-800 USD) (15)
Technical Coordinator -
M 3 Posts (400-800 USD)
(16) Assistant Manager
(Project Coordinator,
Mandalay) - M 1 Post
(400-800 USD). Please
send CV & cover
letter, including salary
expectations, to Email:
com. For more details :
com, www.myanmar-, Closing date :
19th August, 2014.
PAN ASIA Majestic Eagle
Ltd is now seeking
the following talented
positions based in
Naypyitaw for serving
our expansion plan and
Application deadline
is 29th Aug 2014. (1)
Lawyer - 2 posts (2) Site
Engineers ( Civil ), Male
- 5 posts (3) Assistant
/ Translator - 1 post (4)
Hunter Coordinator
- 1 post (5) Site Hunter
- 3 posts. Please send
CV to sandar.htun@, hr@ or
Building 15, First Flr, Rm
202, Hlaing Tsp, MICT
Park, Yangon.
BAGAN Thiripyitsaya
Sanctuary Resort is
seeking: (1) Financial
Controller - 1 post : 5
years experience, B.Com
(or) D.A (LCCI), Excellent
knowledge of Accounting
Software, Microsoft
Excel & Opera PMS,
Good communication
& leadership skill.
Foreigners welcome to
apply. (2) Front Offce
Manager - 1 post:
3~5 years experience,
any graduate, fuent
in English, Good
communication & leader
ship skill, problem solving
& Computer literate. Pls
submit an application
letter, CV with a recent
photo, copies of NRC &
Labour registration card,
Educational Certifcate
and others testimonials
to HR Department:
Bagan Archeological
Zone, Old Bagan,
Mandalay Division. Email:
com Tel: 061 60048~49.
Closing date: 30th August
is seeking Engineers
for the following Positions.
Scope to undertake
commercial construction
Yangon. Very High Level
of English Language
Skill. Having overseas
work experience
highly regarded. Initial
application by email
only. Senior Electrical
Engineers with Auto Cad
skill. Senior Mechanical
Engineer with Auto Cad
Skill. Senior Mechanical
Engineer Plumbing with
Auto Cad skill. Senior
construction Scheduler
with Q/S skills. Q/A
engineers. Supervisor/
junior engineers all trades.
Salary offered will be in
line with experience. Start
date July September.
BES Group email: hrbes.
Travels & Tours is
seeking Operation
Assistant - M/F 2 posts
: Any graduate, Please
submit CV, Photo with
necessary documents to
20/E, Pearl St, Mya Yeik
Nyo Hotel Compound,
Bahan. Ph:01-401261,
09-4211-07472. email :
GREAT Golden Glory
Co., Ltd is seeking
(1)Technical Sales
Representative - M/F 2
Posts: B.E. (Chemical)
or B.Sc. (Chemistry, IC
or Microbiology). Age
25 ~ 35, (2)Assistance
Accountant - F 1 Post:
BA. Eco. or B.Com, LCCI
(Level 1, 2). Age 25 ~ 30,
(3) Customer Service
- 1 Post: Any graduate.
For all posts : Fluent in
English. Good computer
skill. Great Golden Glory
Co., Ltd: 85-87, 3
Flr, 32

St, Pabedan, Yangon. Tel:
387366, 387431, Email:,
Closing Date: 22 August
TRADING Company is
seeking (1)Assistant
Engineer (Civil) - M
1 post, (2)Business
Development Execu
tive - M 1 post, (3)
Senior Accountant - F
1 post (4) Cashier - F 1
post (5)HR Department
Ph: (01)651888,
651999. email : hr.ho@
BOXCO, one of Indias
Top Freight Forwarder,
Logistics & Supply Chain
Management service
provider maintaining
extensive network across
the globe covering over
100 countries. We are
looking for suitable
candidates in areas of
Agencies, Forwarding
& Logistics operations
for our extensive
business activities in
Myanmar. Candidates
with experience in above
related felds may apply
for following positions:
(1) Senior Management.
(2) Marketing & Sales.
(3) Customer Service.
(4) Documentation.
Freshers open to Learn
and with Can Do attitude
are also welcome to apply.
Applicants should submit
an Application letter,
Curriculum vitae, Recent
Photograph with other
relevant documents to:
THE WELL established
Sales & Distribution
Company is seeking
(1).Sales Promoter - 5
posts : Preferable female,
Age 20 ~ 25 years, Any
University graduate, 1
~ 2 years experiences
especially in FMCG,
Good communication
English skills (2). Driver
- 3 posts in Yangon :Basic
High school education,
Age above 30, Valid
driving license with 2 ~ 3
years experiences work
as a professional driver,
Thorough knowledge of
road rules & regulations,
Able to travel, Salary
offered will be in line
with experience. Please
submit a detailed CV via
email : fmcgmyanmar@ and Please
mention "position title" in
subject if you apply OR
call 09- 4211-25584, 09-
2542-30 851
ASAHI GLASS CO.,LTD , Japanese Firm ,biggest manufacturer
of glass in the world is looking for appropriate candidates for the
staff, especially for Marketing in Myanmar.
Applicants to be
1. University graduate
2. Age between 30 and 45 years, preferable.
3. Versed in English and Myanmar Languages
4. With experiences in foreign companies as marketing staff-
more than 5 years, preferable.
5. With Technical knowledge is for architecture is preferable.
Interested persons should send an application letter along with a
current CV, passport sized photograph and copies of any refer-
ences or testimonials to the address below before Aug 22,2014.
Room No..802, Shwe Hnin Thar Tower (A), Shwe Hnin Thar St,
Hlaing Tsp.Yangon.
70 Sport THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014
La Liga star Manquilo to England
Liverpool has signed Spanish right-back
Javier Manquillo on loan from reigning
La Liga champions Atletico Madrid,
the English Premier League club
announced on Wednesday.
Liverpool did not conrm the length
of the loan, but 20-year-old Manquillo
is reported to have committed to a two-
year stay at Aneld.
Im very happy to have signed for a
club like Liverpool, Manquillo told the
Liverpool website. I think its one of the
biggest in Europe. Any footballer would
want to come and play here.
Manquillo began his career with
Atleticos city rivals Real Madrid, but
made the cross-town switch to the
Vicente Calderon in 2007.
New Delhi
Cricketer underwhelms as MP
As a cricketer, he enjoyed the status
of a god in India. But just months after
hanging up his boots, Sachin Tendulkar
has come in for rare criticism for failing
to attend a single session of parliament
this year.
The 41-year-old, considered one of
the all-time cricketing greats, promised
to be a vocal supporter of sport when he
was sworn in as a member of the upper
house of parliament in June 2012.
But parliamentary records show
the former batsman has not attended
a single session this year. He made
it to just three in 2013 and has so far
not participated in any debates in the
Although Indian legislators are
notorious for failing to show up,
Tendulkar has the worst record of all,
with just three percent attendance last
year, according to the monitoring group
PRS Legislative Research.
New York
Lampard trumpets Man U loan
Frank Lampard expressed his gratitude
to Manchester City after joining the
Premier League champions from new
club New York City on a short-term loan
Lampard, 36, signed for New York
City last month and will play with
their sister club Manchester City until
January in order to maintain his tness
prior to the start of the 2015 Major
League Soccer season in March.
Joining up with Manchester City is a
fantastic opportunity for me to continue
to train and play at the top level and
make sure I am in top condition for New
York City, the England midelder told
the City website on August 6.
It has been an amazing few days for
me since the unveiling in Brooklyn and
everyone connected with both clubs has
been fantastic to me. AFP
IN PICTURES Former New York Giants defensive end Michael Strahan kisses his bust during
the NFL Class of 2014 Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Ceremony at
Fawcett Stadium in Canton, United States, on August 2. AFP
ONY Bosch, one of the cen-
tral gures in American
baseballs largest perfor-
mance-enhancing drugs
scandal, has surrendered to
federal agents and been charged with
distributing steroids.
Boschs arrest on August 5 by the
Drug Enforcement Administration
comes a year after Major League Base-
ball handed down a number of suspen-
sions related to the Biogenesis steroid
scandal, which rocked the sport.
Bosch and six others were arrested
on charges of conspiracy to distribute
steroids, federal prosecutor Wilfredo
Ferrer told a news conference in Mi-
These defendants were motivated
by one thing money, Ferrer told re-
Neither Bosch, nor any of his co-
defendants, were licensed or had au-
thority to sell [controlled substances].
Bosch, 50, is the former director of
Biogenesis, the south Florida anti-age-
ing clinic that allegedly distributed tes-
tosterone and human growth hormone.
He supplied performance-enhanc-
ing drugs to New York Yankees star
Alex Rodriguez and at least 12 other
MLB players, and later cooperated
with an MLB probe.
A total of 13 players, including Rod-
riguez, were suspended a year ago.
Rodriguez received an unprecedented
211-game suspension, while the other 12
were banned for 50 games. Rodriguezs
ban was eventually cut to 162 games.
Pro athletes who use drugs to
improve their performance are not
heroes they are cheaters, the US at-
torney said.
Rodriguezs cousin, Yuri Sucart,
was also arrested as part the inves-
tigation the DEA called Operation
Strikeout. Sucart worked as a profes-
sional athlete recruiter for Bosch, Fer-
rer said.
Ferrer said Bosch would plead
guilty to one count of conspiracy to
distribute testosterone. The charge
carries a maximum penalty of 10 years
in jail.
The court documents did not spec-
ify whether the charges are directly
related to the MLB drug scandal. Of-
cials also did not name on August 6 any
athletes who received performance-en-
hancing drugs from Biogenesis.
Ferrer said that Bosch distributed
testosterone to professional athletes
starting in 2008.
He alleges Bosch forged prescrip-
tions of testosterone for both pro ath-
letes and high school students.
The probe extended to the Domini-
can Republic, where they said Bosch
helped set up a company, Scores Sports
Management, that distributed perfor-
mance-enhancing drugs to youth base-
ball players, some as young as 12.
Mr Bosch is not a licensed medi-
cal professional he is a drug dealer,
DEA agent Mark Trouville said. At the
peak of his operation, Bosch was paid
up to $12,000 a month by his clients.
Other players suspended last year in
connection with the MLBs Biogenesis
probe were Nelson Cruz, Jhonny Peralta,
Everth Cabrera, Fautino De Los Santos,
Francisco Cervelli, Fernando Martinez,
Antonio Bastardo, Jesus Montero, Ser-
gio Escalona, Jordany Valdespin, Cesar
Puello and Jordan Norberto.
Three other players involved in
the Biogenesis case Bartolo Colon,
Melky Cabrera and Yasmani Grandal
were also slapped with 50-game bans
for testing positive for performance-
enhancing drugs prior to the August
Baseball steroids dealer turns himself
Wall in the way of Phelps comeback
OLYMPIC great Michael Phelps suf-
fered the rst big setback of his return
to competition as a poor turn left him
seventh in the 100m free at the US
Swimming Championships.
In a nals eld loaded with Olym-
pic medalists, the 18-time Games
champion made a mess of his turn at
the 50m wall, and had no chance to
challenge coming home in the race
won by 2012 Olympic gold medalist
Nathan Adrian.
When I literally took a couple
kicks and I barely passed the ags, I
knew there was very little chance that
I was going to run anybody down,
Phelps said.
It just kind of stinks that I missed
the rst wall.
Phelps ended a near two-year re-
tirement in April, and the US champi-
onships are just his fourth meet since
then and his rst chance to qualify
to represent the United States at an
international event the Pan Pacic
Championships August 21-25 in Gold
Coast, Australia.
Im just trying to get a spot on the
team and go from there, Phelps said.
I am ready to have a day of and get
ready for the 100 y.
The top four 100m free nishers
earned PanPacs berths, and results
from these championships and the
meet in Australia will determine the
US team for the 2015 World Champi-
onships in Russia.
Adrian won in 48.31sec. Ryan
Lochte, whose own collection of 11
Olympic medals includes ve golds,
stormed to second from lane eight in
Im pretty sure he just straight up
missed the wall, Adrian said of Phelps,
whose epic Olympic campaigns never
included the individual 100m free but
who has been a key part of American
4x100m free relay teams.
I said, Hey, good thing youre the
best swimmer of all time, youre go-
ing to make the team anyway, Adri-
an added of his post-race chat with
Phelps coach Bob Bowman said
there were some encouraging signs in
Phelps August 6 performance.
I think we both felt good because
he actually swam well tonight, Bow-
man said. He looked good in warm-
up. This morning he looked terrible.
Missy Franklin, who followed up
her four-gold performance at the Lon-
don Olympics by winning a record
six golds at the 2013 World Champi-
onships, used a late surge to win the
womens 100m freestyle in 53.43.
Franklin powered past halfway
leader Simone Manuel, who settled
for silver in 53.66 unable to match
the career-best 53.60 she posted in the
Tony Bosch surrenders to Federal agents on August 5. Photo: AFP
These defendants
were motivated by
one thing money.
Wilfredo Ferrer
Federal prosecutor
72 THE MYANMAR TIMES AUGUST 11 - 17, 2014 SPORT EDITOR: Tim McLaughlin |
Michael Phelps hits the wall
in swimming comeback attempt
GERMAN court ruled
that Formula One ty-
coon Bernie Ecclestone
can make a controver-
sial US$100-million
payment to end his trial on bribery
In a move that will likely see
him stay at the helm of the lucrative
sport, the 83-year-old Briton struck
an accord with prosecutors on the
record payment which then got the
Munich tribunals blessing.
The proceedings will be tempo-
rarily suspended with the agreement
of the prosecution and the accused,
pending payment within one week,
presiding judge Peter Noll said on
August 5.
The $100 million accord is be-
lieved to be the largest of its kind in
German criminal justice history.
Ecclestone, a diminutive busi-
nessman who has kept rm control
over F1, has a fortune estimated at
$4.2 billion, according to Forbes
magazine, making him one of the
richest 400 people in the world.
Noll said $99 million of Eccle-
stones payment would go to the Ba-
varian state cofers while $1 million
would be donated to a child hospice
Ecclestone went on trial in the
southern city of Munich in April
on charges of paying a $44-million
bribe to a Bavarian state bank execu-
tive for help in maintaining his four-
decade grip on Formula One.
A settlement is allowed in Ger-
man criminal cases if the prosecu-
tion, the aggrieved parties and the
court agree, but the Ecclestone deal
has stoked erce criticism.
The judges based their decision
on a determination that a conviction
was not particularly likely given
the evidence presented.
The court added in a statement
that Ecclestones advanced age,
health condition, the signicant bur-
den of taking part in hearings in a
foreign country and the subsequent
language barrier as well as the pub-
lic attention directed at him were
also factors in the decision.
Under the terms of the agree-
ment, Ecclestone will not have a
criminal record and should be able
to retain his control of the multi-
billion-dollar Formula One empire.
Stinks to high heaven
The mop-topped magnate ar-
rived at the courthouse on August 6
in a limousine, looking relaxed and
accompanied by his much younger
Brazilian wife, Fabiana Flosi.
His lawyers welcomed the agree-
ment and hit out at accusations that
he had orchestrated a buying out
of German justice.
News of the accord drew angry
condemnation of the buy-out legal
proviso in Germany.
Former justice minister Sabine
Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger had
blasted the possible Ecclestone deal
Monday as galling and not in har-
mony with the sense and purpose of
our legal practices.
She called on lawmakers to at
least tighten if not eliminate en-
tirely the loophole, which is de-
signed to expedite cases before over-
burdened courts and whose sums
are calculated based on the defend-
ants nancial means. The saying
goes money doesnt stink but thats
wrong here: these millions stink to
high heaven, the Sueddeutsche Zei-
tung wrote.
The Formula One boss denied
any wrongdoing but could have
faced a jail term of up to 10 years if
found guilty.
Ecclestone was accused of pay-
ing German banker Gerhard Grib-
kowsky $44 million in 2006 and
2007 to ensure that shares in For-
mula One held by BayernLB were
sold to Ecclestones preferred bid-
der, CVC Capital Partners of Brit-
ain, now the sports majority share-
Ecclestone admitted paying the
money but said it was given to Grib-
kowsky to end blackmail threats that
the banker would hand over infor-
mation about the Britons tax afairs.
XAVI Hernandezs position as one of
the most-decorated and important
players in the history of Spanish foot-
ball cannot be questioned.
Alongside the likes of Andres Inies-
ta and Iker Casillas he turned around
the label of the Spanish national side
from perennial underachievers to
champions, triumphing at the 2010
World Cup and the last two European
He has won my afection as a per-
son, while for his football there are
very few who cannot say he is a great
player, said Spain coach Vicente del
Bosque of the 34-year-old, who on Au-
gust 5 announced his retirement from
international football.
It is impossible to know who is the
best player in the history of the Span-
ish national team, but that Xavi is one
of the best is not in doubt. In the past
there were some extraordinary play-
ers, but I cannot say who is better than
However, Xavi only appeared
once during Spains doomed de-
fence of the World Cup in Brazil in
June and his performance in the
5-1 thrashing at the hands of the
Netherlands served as evi-
dence that his time at the
top is now in the past.
It was the tough-
est defeat of my ca-
reer, he admitted
Xavi was also
questioned for his
performances early on
at Euro 2012, but Del
Bosque remained faithful
to his loyal servant and
was rewarded with his
best display of the tour-
nament as Spain retained
their title in style with a
4-0 thrashing of
Italy in the nal
in Kiev.
Yet, two years
on, he played no
part as La Roja
bowed out of
the competition
with a 2-0 defeat
to Chile at the Maracana in Rio de Ja-
neiro, and he did not feature in the 3-0
victory over Australia that wrapped up
their campaign.
After so many years of relentless
high-pressure matches for Barcelona
and Spain, his tiring legs seemed to
have nally run out of steam.
It has been a wonderful, fantastic
period for me. It has been an honour,
he said on deciding to step down after
winning 133 caps, the rst of which
came against the Netherlands in No-
vember 2000.
Xavi, who rst emerged in the
Spain teams that won the World Youth
Championship in 1999 and then took
Olympic gold in Sydney in 2000, said
that last season was perhaps the
worst of my career and he had hinted
in the spring that he would continue
playing away from Barcelona.
However, he is now set to stay on
at the Camp Nou, where his friend
and old teammate Luis Enrique has
taken charge and is hoping
to revive the clubs fortunes
after a season in which
they failed to win any ma-
jor trophies.
Barcas record all-time
appearance holder with a
CV that includes 25 tro-
phies at club and inter-
national level was linked
with a move to either the
United States or Qatar be-
fore being persuaded by
the new coach to stay
I will give every-
thing to carry on being
important and useful to
Barcelona, said Xavi, the
local boy who still has
two years to run on his
contract at the Camp
Helping restore the
Catalans to the summit
of the game at home and
in Europe will be the last
big challenge of a career
that has already
delivered so
much. AFP
Ecclestone pays to
end bribery trial
End of an era: Xavi done
with Spain national side
Formula One chief executive Bernie Ecclestone leaves the courtroom at the
regional court in Munich, southern Germany, on August 5, 2014. Photo: AFP
Xavi is finished with
the Spanish national
team. Photo: AFP