Devan Patel

July 10
th
2014
Into the Jungle
Chapter 6

1. The extinction of the dinosaurs, ammonites, and other creatures at the end of
the Cretaceous was well known for many decades prior to the Alvarezes’
discovery. Why did Walter Alvarez, a geologist, and Luis Alvarez, a nuclear
physicist, crack a mystery that paleontologists and biologists had not?

Both of the alvarez found traces of iridium at places and he was purposing
how exactly the extinction came about when Chris Mckee a astronomer
colleague told him that an asteroid could have hit the earth. Alvarez started
to think about this and decided that this asteroid had to be massive and had
to have a great impact on the land.

2. What were the pieces of evidence that led to the identification of Chicxulub as
the asteroid impact site?

Alan Hildebrand discovered certain “gravity anomalies.” He found that
tektites form under high temperature, which could be a cause of the asteroid
itself crashing into earth. He found that these tektites were also found mainly
in Haiti and later labeled out that the asteroid should have been near that
area. That’s when later someone had contacted them that the asteroid was
near the Yucatan peninsula.


3. What might be the local and global effects of future smaller or similar-sized
asteroid impacts?

The local and global effects of this asteroid impacting earth could cause a
mass extinction depending on how large and fast the asteroid is traveling
towards earth. Thus indicating that during the future we cannot assume that
no more asteroids would hit the earth but there will be many more to come.