AP Chem Fall 2014

WELCOME TO AP CHEMISTRY!
COURSE DESCRIPTION
Advanced Placement Chemistry is a first-year college-level chemistry course designed for highly
motivated high school students who aim for the opportunity to take the AP Chemistry Exam offered
by the College Board during the month of May. Any student who passes the AP Chemistry Exam (a
score of a 3, 4, or 5) may receive up to full credit for the first year of college chemistry, depending
upon the college or university of the student’s choosing. This course is structured around the six big
ideas articulated in the AP Chemistry curriculum framework provided by the College Board. A
special emphasis will be placed upon the seven science practices, which capture important aspects
of the work that scientists engage in, with learning objectives that combine content with inquiry and
reasoning skills. At least 25% of instructional time for this course will be dedicated to laboratory
activities.

WHAT ARE THE 6 BIG IDEAS?
1. The chemical elements are fundamental building materials of matter, and all matter can be
understood in terms of arrangements of atoms. These atoms retain their identity in chemical
reactions. (Structure of matter)
2. Chemical and physical properties of materials can be explained by the structure and the
arrangement of atoms, ions, or molecules and the forces between them. (Properties of matter
and forces of attraction)
3. Changes in matter involve the rearrangement and/or reorganization of atoms and/or the transfer
of electrons. (Chemical reactions)
4. Rates of chemical reactions are determined by details of the molecular collisions. (Rates of
chemical reactions)
5. The laws of thermodynamics describe the essential role of energy and explain and predict the
direction of changes in matter. (Thermodynamics)
6. Any bond or intermolecular attraction that can be formed can be broken. These two processes
are in a dynamic competition, sensitive to initial conditions and external perturbations.
(Equilibrium)

WHAT ARE THE 7 SCIENCE PRACTICES?
The student can:
1. Use representations and models to communicate scientific phenomena and solve scientific
problems.
2. Use mathematics appropriately.
3. Engage in scientific questioning to extend thinking or to guide investigations within the context
of the AP course.
4. Plan and implement data collection strategies in relation to a particular scientific question.
5. Perform data analysis and evaluation of evidence.
6. Work with scientific explanations and theories.
7. Connect and relate knowledge across various scales, concepts, and representations in across
domains.
AP Chem Fall 2014

Required Course Materials
1. 3 ring binder
2. Lab notebook (composition book)
3. Pencils and pens (blue or black ink): Pens will be used in for your lab notebook.
4. Flash drive
5. Scientific calculator (TI-30IIX or higher)
6. Post-It Notes (for annotations/notes in the book)
7. Assigned textbook (Brown, LeMay, and Bursten; Chemistry: The Central Science, 13th ed.)

Laboratory Investigations and Reports
Students will be completing hands-on inquiry based investigations. Students will be required to
maintain a laboratory notebook. Students will communicate and collaborate in lab groups; however,
each student will submit an individual lab report for each investigation he/she performs. For the lab
report, students will include the following:

Reserve the first page for a Table of Contents for the investigations that will be performed.
1. Title The title should be descriptive.
2. Date This is the date that the investigation was performed.
3. Introduction Provide any definitions, equations, statements, drawings needed for this
investigation. Be sure to include a statement of purpose for this investigation. No less than 3
paragraphs.
4. Safety List the safety requirements one must follow in order to perform this particular
investigation.
5. Materials List all materials used for this investigation (glassware, equipment, chemicals)
6. Procedure In your own words, rewrite the procedure for the investigation. Brief statements are
fine as long as they convey the meaning and you can follow them during the investigation.
7. Pre-Lab Questions Students will be given some questions to answer prior to performing
investigations. The answers to these questions must contain a reference to the original question.
8. Data Tables, graphs, calculations generated during the investigation
9. Post-Lab Questions Students will be assigned questions to be answered at the conclusion of
the investigation. Similar to the pre-lab questions, students must answer these with references to
the original question.
10. Conclusions To summarize results from the investigation, students will cap off the investigation
with a short statement (about 2-4 sentences) about observations during the investigation.

AP CHEMISTRY GRADING POLICY

TESTS: 45% A = 6 90 - 100
INVESTIGATIONS: 25% B = 5 80 - 89
CLASSWORK/QUIZZES: 20% C = 4 70 - 79
PARTICIPATION: 10% D = 3 65 - 69
AP Chem Fall 2014
-RE-TAKE POLICY/TEST CORRECTIONS
As a gesture of goodwill, I will allow for students to attempt to better their grades.
Students will be eligible for re-takes of quizzes (or test corrections) if and only if the student scored
below a 70 on a test or quiz and the homework assigned for that particular unit was complete.
If a student elects to retake a quiz or submit test corrections, the maximum score that can be
obtained will be a 90.

General Class Rules
1. Be on time and ready for class when the tardy bell rings.
2. Complete all assigned tasks regularly and truthfully.
3. Ask relevant questions.
4. Listen when others are speaking.
5. Food and drink (except water) are not allowed.
6. Avoid completing work for other classes during class instruction.
7. Cell phone use outside of DCS policy is prohibited.

Routines
1. Homework will be given regularly to properly reinforce classroom lectures.
2. At the start of a new unit, students will define vocabulary words to be encountered in
upcoming lectures.
3. LATE WORK WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED WITHOUT AN APPROPRIATE EXCUSE!
4. Assignments and activities for the week will be posted every Monday and will remain
posted the entire week.
5. Discussions concerning grades should be done without interrupting class time. Students
may discuss their grades before class starts or outside of class.

Consequences
1. First offense: The student will receive a verbal warning and a reminder of the classroom
rule/rules broken.
2. Second offense: The student will receive 5 days of community service in my classroom.
3. Third offense: The student’s parents (or guardians) will be contacted or a parent-teacher
conference will be convened.
4. Fourth offense: The student will be sent to the principal’s office.









AP Chem Fall 2014
Make-Up Policy
Students are responsible for the completion of assigned work. If for any reason a
student is absent, it is the responsibility of the student to consult the class make-up
basket to determine what was missed. All notes can be obtained from another class
member. Make-up work should be completed no later than the number of days that the
student missed, provided that the student has an excused absence. Students without
an excused absence will be responsible for all make-up work upon the request of the
teacher. Make-up work for unexcused absences will only be worth 70% of its
corresponding value. Students who miss a scheduled test will be required to schedule
an alternate testing date on the following Tuesday or Thursday after school.


AP EXAM FORMAT
The AP Chemistry Exam is comprised of 2 parts: multiple choice and free response.















MULTIPLE CHOICE FREE RESPONSE
60 questions
90 minutes
50% of overall score
Tests higher-order
thinking skills
NO CALCULATORS!
Can only use formula
charts & periodic
table
7 multi-part questions
(3 long, 4 short)
90 minutes
(long = 15-20 min.
each; short 7-10 min.
each)
50% of overall score
Multi-conceptual
Typically covers
stoichiometry,
thermodynamics,
kinetics, or
equilibrium
Short questions
require essay
answers
*You must justify your
answers!
AP Chem Fall 2014
AP CHEMISTRY PROPOSED COURSE OUTLINE

UNIT TOPICS
CHAPTERS
DISCUSSED
BIG IDEAS TIME
1: Chemistry
Fundamentals
Scientific Method
Nomenclature &
Formula Writing
Atomic Masses &
Isotopes
Stoichiometry & The
Mole
1, 2, 3 1, 3, 5 2 weeks
2: Chemical
Reactions &
Equations
Types of Reactions
Organic Chemistry
Water & Ions in
Solution
Precipitation
Acid-Base Reactions
Redox Reactions
3 & 4 1, 2, 3, 6 1.5 weeks
3: Gas Laws
Kinetic Molecular
Theory
Gas Laws (Boyle’s,
Charles’s, Combined,
Ideal)
Dalton’s Law
Graham’s Law
Molar Volume & Gas
Stoichiometry
Real Gases
Deviation from Ideal
Gas Law
10 2 & 5 1 week
4: Atomic Structure,
Periodicity, and
Nuclear Chemistry
Atomic Theory
Electron
Configuration
Valence Electrons &
Lewis Structures
EMR & Waves
Atomic Spectra &
Energy Levels
Quantum Theory/
Spectroscopy
Nuclear Chemistry
6, 7, 21 1, 2, 4, 5 1.5 weeks
AP Chem Fall 2014
5: Chemical Bonding
Lewis Structures
Resonance
Polarity/Dipole
Moments
VSEPR/Molecular
Geometry
Lattice Energies
Hybridization
Molecular Orbitals/
Diagrams
8 & 9 1 & 2 1.5 weeks
6: Thermochemistry
& Thermodynamics
Law of Conservation
of Energy
Endo v. Exothermic
Energy Diagrams
Calorimetry
Hess’s Law
Heat of Formation/
Combustion
Bond Energies
Laws of
Thermodynamics
Entropy
Enthalpy &
Spontaneity
Free Energy
Rate & Spontaneity
5 & 19 3, 5, 6 1.5 weeks
7: Liquids, Solids, &
Solutions
Intermolecular Forces
Structure and
Bonding
Vapor Pressure &
State Changes
Heating Curves
Composition of
Solutions
Colloids &
Suspensions
Separation
Techniques
Preparation of
Solutions & Molarity
11 & 13 2 & 5 1 week
8: Kinetics
Rates of Reaction
Factors Affecting Rate
Reaction Pathways
Rate Equations
Activation Energy
14 4 1.5 weeks
AP Chem Fall 2014














9: Equilibrium
Chemical Equilibrium
Equilibrium
Expressions
Factors Affecting
Equilibrium
Le Chatelier’s
Principle
Equilibrium Constant
15 3 & 6 1.5 weeks
10: Acids & Bases
Acid/Base Theories
K
w
Strong/Weak Acids &
Bases
Polyprotism
Structure of Acids &
Bases
Buffers
Titrations & Indicators
Solubility & pH
Solubility Equilibria &
Solubility Product
16 & 17 3 & 6 2 weeks
11: Electrochemistry
Balancing Redox
Reactions
Electrochemical Cells
& Voltage
The Nernst Equation
Spontaneous/Non-
spontaneous
Equations
Chemical
Applications
20 3 & 5 1.5 weeks
AP Chem Fall 2014
SUGGESTED HOMEWORK PROBLEMS BY CHAPTER

CHAPTER PROBLEMS
1
2, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 15, 17, 22, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31, 37, 40, 45, 47, 53, 60, 61
2
2, 3, 5, 9, 14, 15, 17, 23, 25, 28, 35, 38, 40, 45, 50, 53, 56, 58, 61, 66
3
3, 5, 6, 7, 11, 16, 17, 20, 21, 23, 27, 28, 30, 39, 40, 43, 47, 53, 54, 59, 63, 68, 72, 74, 78, 79
4
3, 6, 7, 13, 17, 19, 21, 23, 24, 29, 31, 35, 40, 43, 46, 51, 54, 55, 57, 60, 61
5
4, 5, 8, 10, 11, 14, 15, 18, 19, 23, 26, 31, 35, 41, 44, 45, 47, 50, 55, 58, 65, 67, 70
6
3, 6, 8, 11, 12, 16, 19, 23, 26, 35, 38, 43, 45, 46, 49, 56, 58, 61, 64, 66, 70, 73
7
5, 9, 12, 13, 16, 17, 20, 23, 26, 28, 29, 32, 35, 39, 42, 46, 49, 55, 58, 60, 68
8
3, 4, 5, 7, 11, 12, 17, 20, 22, 25, 27, 31, 32, 36, 38, 39, 43, 44, 47, 48, 51, 56, 57, 61, 63, 72, 74, 75,
83
9
1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 35, 37, 49, 52, 54, 57, 61, 63,
64
10
3, 7, 8, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 20, 23, 26, 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 41, 44, 46, 51, 52, 53, 56, 71, 75, 80, 83
11
7, 9, 10, 14, 16, 21, 24, 25, 28, 33, 34, 38, 45, 50, 54, 55, 57, 60, 63, 67, 71, 72, 75, 79, 86
13
3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 15, 18, 21, 23, 28, 32, 33, 43, 44, 45, 49, 51, 54, 55, 55, 58, 63, 66, 68, 74, 79
14
1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 17, 18, 20, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 37, 39, 45, 47, 55, 58, 61, 66, 69, 74, 79
15
2, 3, 5, 7, 10,13, 15, 18, 19, 21, 25, 28, 31, 34, 36, 38, 44, 45, 47, 51, 53, 57
16
3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 26, 30, 33, 35, 39, 42, 45, 51, 53, 57, 59, 62, 67, 69,
73, 75, 77, 79, 81, 88
17
4, 5, 7, 10, 11, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 26, 27, 33, 36, 39, 40, 43, 46, 48, 49, 51, 53, 57, 59, 64, 69, 72,
78, 80, 85
19
1, 4, 5, 9, 14, 15, 19, 22, 24, 26, 29, 31, 34, 35, 37, 39, 41, 44, 46, 48, 50, 53, 54, 56, 57, 59
20
1, 3, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 18, 19, 22, 24, 26, 27, 29, 33, 36, 37, 39, 43, 45, 49, 52, 53, 56, 59, 61, 63,
67, 69, 71, 74, 78, 79